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Патент USA US2124084

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c. F.; SAUER'EHSEN
BUILDING BLOCK AND STRUCTURE FORMED
Fiied Feb. 2e, 1937
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THEREFROM
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2,124,084
Patented July 1,9, 193s
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,124,084
BUILDING BLOCK AND STRUCTURE
-
FOBMED THEREFROM
christian F. saucreisen, Aspinwau, Pa.'
-Application February 26, 1937, Serial No. 127,855
'
(Cl. 'l2-37)
8 Claims.
recesses in the brick, thus obviating the necessity
of
laying each brick separately in a plastic mortar.
or bricks and to ñoors, walls and other built-up .
My present invention relates to building blocks
More specifically, my invention resides in the
production of a parallelepipedal brick which is
especially configured on three surfaces thereof so 5
structures made therefrom
Bricks> and built-up Astructures composed of
5 bricks are usually laid with a plastic mortar or'
that when laid connecting recesses or passage-'
the like for holding the blocks or bricks together.
In the case of ordinary rectangular building brick,
ways are formed which, when ñlled with liquid
binding material poured therein, causes the brick
to be secured in place and to each other in proper
position; my invention also contemplates the 10
speeding up of the laying of brick and the form
ing of built-up structures therefrom.
In the accompanying drawing wherein like nu
a row or course of such brick is laid one brick at
a time in the plastic mortar which thereafter
hardens.
For some types of use, as in industry,
in the making of plant floors, tanks, walls and
analogous structures, such a constructiony is not
satisfactory. In cases where the structure comes
in contact with corrosive materials such as acids -
15 or corrosive vapors the mortar is. attacked and
ment of an adjoining brick;
sary or desirable to have a surface, i. e., a vertical
wall or tank surface, which has no exposed or
Fig. 2 is a side elevational
Fig. 1;
visible joints and hence wherein corrosiveattack
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken on `
the line IVp-IV of Fig.~ 1;
and a number of modified bricks have been pro
Fig. 5 is an elevational View of the brick of one
posed in the past to take care of such instances.
end of Fig. 1;
These prior proposals, however, have for the most
Fig. '7 is a sectional view on line VII-VII of
cases where the brick itself is of a relatively "sat
Fig. 6; '
isfactory type, diiiiculty is encountered in laying
cast joining strips. For example, in the construc
tion of acid containers such as tanks for pickling
iron and steel it has been found that the best
35 results can be secured by laying brick in molten
sulphur or in some other molten composition
specially prepared for such service. The'use of
ordinary rectangular bricks with‘molten binder
_is difl‘icult- and troublesome, 'necessitating the pre- '
casting of sulphur or other strips to form spacers'
which must be placed between successive courses.
Paper strips must then be pasted along every
'
It is accordingly one of the objects of my pres
ent invention to produce a novel brick from which
built-up structures can be conveniently made with
A
_
^
'
Fig. 8 is a view showing a section of the ñcor „
the brick, necessitating the use of spacers or pre
poured joints.
'
vertical wall extending at right angles to said
special divided molds, etc., and at the same time
the expense` is unduly increased. Even in those
course to seal off the joints.
,
Fig. 6 is a plan view of a floor formed from the
brickv o'f Fig. 1 and a sectional view 'through a
25 part been objectionable inl that the special >brick
shapes required are too difficult to form, requiring
40
view of the brick of
"
Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the brick of Fig. 1; 20
is prevented or greatly retarded. With the com
mon form of building brick such is notv possible
3
’
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a brick em-V
bódying my present invention and showing afrag
rapidly deteriorates. In otherfcases it is neces
2
merals designate corresponding parts:
'
Another object of my invention resides in the
50 production of brick’from which tanks or walls
can be made free from Visible joints and hence
which present a 100 per cent ceramic surface.
A further object resides in a brick of such na
ture that an entire course is ñrst laid and then
s liquid or melted binder poured into pre-formed
and an elevation of the wall taken .on line
VIII of Fig. 7; and
Fig. 9 is a view similar 'to Fig. 7 of a modified
35
form of the invention.
Referring ñrst to the brick itself, as illustrated
in Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, the numeral I0 indi
cates the upper surface thereof. It will be noted
that this upper surface is planar. Likewise, the
side Il of the` brick is planar, as will be >appar
ent from Figs. 4 and 5 in particular. One end
I2 is also planar.
,
The remaining three surfaces of the brick,
namely, the other end I3, the other side I4v and
the bottom I5 are specially configured as willbe
apparent from Figs. 5, 2 and 3, respectively.'
Referring first to Fig. 5 which 'illustrates the
end of the brick, it will be apparent that this
end is characterized by a semi-circular recess "or
flute I6 substantially centrally disposed. This 50
flute extends from the upper surface I0 of the
brick to a point I1 short of the bottom of the
brick and from such point to the bottom there
Ais provided 'a somewhat semi-circular beveled
portion I8 which together with .flute I6 forms
2
' 2,124,084
an inverted funnel-shaped recess and it will be
noted that the lower edge I 9 of this portion I8
is above the‘extreme lowermost point of the brick.
From the ilute the end wall of the brick is pro
vided with the two portions 20 which are non
vertlcal being inclined from top to bottom, -that
is, the upper edge of these portions is inwardly
disposed relative to the bottom edge thereof and
also these walls are inclined from the flute toward
10 the corners of the brick. Thus these portions 20
uid'material ilows into the recess in the bottom
of the brick and spreads along into the bottom
recesses of contiguous bricks but the flow of such
liquid material is laterally limited on one side
by the longitudinal bottom marginal portion 29
and on the other side by the two segmental por
have a double or compound slope or inclinationI
both vertically and horizontally. These portions
20 do not, however, extend all the way to the
edges of the brick, thus forming marginal por
by pouring a liquid binding or joining material
into the inverted funnel-like recesses. Such liq
tions 30 thus preventing any undesirable spread
ing, flowing or wasting of the liquid material. 10
'I’his liquid material is poured hot or in melted
condition and` when it cools or hardens forms
an effective joint securing the bricks to each other
and to the foundation or subjacent course. Thus
15 tions 2l which consequently are of somewhat
in utilizing the present brick in producing hori
the bottom and their thickest portion at the top.
20 and 2| are joined by triangular bevel walls 22.
It will be further noted that one edge of the flute
20 (the left edge in Fig. 5) extends the entire height
of the brick whereas the other has a flaring lower
zontal surfaces, such as floors, an entire course
wedge shape having their thinnest portion at
end designated by thevnumeral 23.
The non-planar side I4 of the brick (Fig. 2) is
generally of the same nature as the non-planar
25 end I3 just described, the major difference being
in the proportions. The non-planar side has a
-ñute 23 which is off-center (but which> may be
centered if desired) and which has a semi-cir
cular beveled portion 24 which together with flute
30 23 forms an inverted funnel-like recess and it will
be noted that the lower edge 25 of this portion 24
is also above the lowermost~ point of the brick.
From the flute the brick side walls 26 have the
compound inclination described in connection
35 with walls 20 of Fig. 5 and hence wall portions
26 in Fig. 2 have their upper edges inwardly dis
posed with relation to their lower edges and also
slope from the flute toward the corners, the in
nermost point being at the ñute. In this manner
40 marginal edge portions 2l are formed which are
of wedge shape, this is, their lower portions are
the thinnest and merge with the side wall of the
brick and their upper portions are the thickest.
Wall 26 is connected to portions 21 by triangular
bevel walls 28. It will be noted, however, that
both the marginal portions 21 of Fig. 5 and the
marginal portions 2| of Fig. 2 are actually ver
tical and that the fact that they are wedge
shaped arises from the sloping of the in-between
50 portions and not from any alteration in the mar
ginal portions themselves.
It will be noted that the bottom I5 of the brick
(Fig. 3) is almost entirely cut away or recessed,
leaving only a longitudinal marginal strip 29
55 along one side of the brick and two segmental
portions 30 on the opposite corners of the brick.
These three portions rest upon the top of a sub
jacent course of bricks and form between the two
courses recesses which are adapted to receive a
liquid binding or joining material. Attention is
also called to the fact that the inverted funnel
like recesses provide communication with the re
cess in the bottom of the brick. This is taken
advantage of in laying and uniting the bricks as
65 lwill be pointed out hereinafter.
From a consideration of the above description
and Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, it will be understood
that I have provided a parallelepipedal brick
having three planar surfaces and three non
70 planar surfaces and that the non-planar sur
faces are so configured and related to one an
l other that when a plurality of bricks are laid
either upon a suitable foundation or upon a sub
jacent course the bricks can be secured to one
75 another and to the foundation or subjacent course
15
of brick may be laid and then the joints poured.
Pouring is carried out via each funnel-like re
cess. Such a floor is illustrated in Fig. 6 espe
cially and of course in such a floor the joints on 20
the top course are exposed or visible unless cov
ered by a layer of tile or other material which
may or may not be resorted to, depending upon
circumstances. The longitudinal joints are des
ignated by numeral 3| and the transverse joints 25
by numeral 32. I am thus able to produce an
exceptionally strong and even brick floor in a
simplified manner and in a much shorter period of
time as compared to ordinary brick having six
planar surfaces and wherein each brick must be 30
set individually in a plastic mortar and each
course leveled olf.
In a floor made of my new
brick a level floor is insured without any special
precautions being taken provided the foundation
is itself level. The exposed joint material is also 35
minimized being only a fraction of that where
regular rectangular bricks and plastic mortar are
used.
Such liquid binding or joining material may be
of any known or desired composition and I do 40
not in this application claim per se novelty or
invention in such composition, since a number
of these are known in the art. The composition
may, however, either be one which is normally
liquid and which hardens or sets when in place 45,
or after a given period of time or it may be a
material which is hard or solid at normal tem
peratures and- which is liquid at raised temperatures. Sulphur is one material that may be suc
cessfully used. In such case the material is 50
poured hot and hardens upon cooling and in
connection with the use of a liquid joining ma
terial it will be noted that there can be no waste
of the_same because the recesses are filled sub
stantially full and hence the material is utilized 55
more economically than plastic mortar or analo
gous materials which are w'asteful in that an ex
cess must always be used and the excess removed.
My present invention also provides neater joints
having no projecting portions and thus has addi 60
tional advantages over the use of plastic mortars.
Ceramic surfaces may be produced from brick
made in accordance with the present invention
which have no exposed or visible joints and this
is particularly useful ln connection with walls or
tanks as above outlined where corrosive condi
tions or agents exist which would attack ordi
nary mortar joints or any joints of an exposed
nature or for ornamental purposes.
es
Such surfaces have also been indicated in Figs. 70
6, ’7 and 8 and it will be observed from Fig. 8
~ in particular that there are no visible or exposed
joints or joining material in the vertical wall
there shown. In building such surfaces it will
be appreciated that the bricks. as shown in Figs. 75
3
2,194,084
intermediate ñute connected by inclined sur
faces'which slope from the ends thereof toward
the flute, each flute terminating in an enlarged
v be understood by referring to the bricks marked semi-circular beveled recess formed partly in the
Illa in Figs. 6 to 8 and, as shown, these bricks e respective side and end surfaces and partlyin the
1 to 5, inclusive, may be so assembled that their
planar sides Il are the ones which are exposed
to view and form the visible surface. Such will
may abut against a concrete or other wall or
surface 33' depending upon the particular use. In
Figs. 6 to 8, inclusive, the vertical wall with the
invisible joints is made from brick of the same
10 size as the ñooring brick but in Fig. 9 a narrower
slightly modiñed brick Ica' has been used having
different proportions but otherwise being sub
stantially the same as is indicated by the use of y
the same numerals thereon with a prime (')
15
designation.
bottom surface and communicating with the re
cess in the bottom surface which is defined by
a raised marginal projection along one side and
spaced .segmental projections along the other
10
side.
3. A parallelepipedal brick the bottom surface
of which is provided with a longitudinal marginal
projecting portion along one edge and spaced,
"raised sectors along the other edge, there being
a semi-circular beveled recess between said 15
Vertical walls or tanks may thus be formed
which are permanent and proofed against deter
ioration, particularly where' corrosive atmos
spaced, raised sectors.
i
_
4. A parallelepipedal brick the bottom surface
of which is provided with a longitudinal projec- »
pheres or agents are present,` but the use of the
tion along one side and spaced, raised segmental
20 brick is not limited to such because I have dis
covered that subway tubes or vehicular tunnels
can be advantageously so produced and in such
cases where it is desired to make the built-up
beveled semi-circular recesses. one-of which is
structure impervious to water the joints may be
25 composed of tar, asphalt, or other bituminous
compound, thus adequately preventing inñltra
tion of water or other liquid.
Likewise, man
holes and analogous vertically disposed tunnel
like structures may also be produced in accord
30 ance with the foregoing with a 100 per cent ce
ramic surface and with'out visible joints.
My invention therefore comprises a parallel
epipedal block or brick having one side, one end
and its bottom especially configured so as to pro
vide new and useful features and results. Such
a brick not only makes it possible ‘to more quick
ly and more simply produce'vbuilt-up structures
which are vstronger and more durable as well as
level but also the formation of certain types
of built-up structures wherein no spacers or pre
cast strips are required and wherein there are
no visible or accessible joints, thus providing a
projections along the opposite side, the bottom 20
surface aforesaid being provided with two
located between the segmental projections and
the other of which is located between one of the
segmental projections andthe end of the longi 25
tudinal projection.
5. A parallelepipedal brick, one side surface of
which is provided with an inverted funnel-shaped
recess and sloping side walls extending from a
point near the ends of said side surface to said 30
recess, the extreme ends of said side surface be
ing provided with marginal wedge-shaped pro
jectionsrwhich have a maximum height at the
top of the brick and which merge into the side
35
wall near the bottom of the brick.
6. A parallelepipedal ceramic brick, one side
surface of which is provided with an inverted
funnel-shaped recess, 'the side surface extending
from such recess toward the ends thereof with a
compound inclination, the termini of the side
surface being constituted of vertical, marginal'
wedge-shaped portions tapering from top to bot
40
tom.
'1. A parallelepipedal brick which has one end
surface thereof provided witha centrally dis
The foregoing description and explanation are posed flute, the bottom of the flute being con
however intended as illustrative or exemplary nected to and merging with a substantially semi
rather than limitative and I may make certain circular beveled recess formed partly in the end
surface of the brick and partly in the bottom
additions, omissions, modiñcations or substitu
surface thereof, the end wall being inclined to 50
tions within the scope and principle of the fore
going. The invention is rather to be deñned by ' ward the ñute and being also inclined from bot-_
the appended claims, wherein the term brick is tom to top from the ñute toward the outer cor
used in its broadest sense as covering bricks, ners of the brick. the` extreme outer portions
blocks, tiles and similar articles forming units of of the end wall surface being in the form of
structure extremely long in life and substantial
ly entirely free vfrom any ordinary form of de
45 terioration, particularly as to the joints thereof.
building construction.
-
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim as new’and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
which merge into the wall surface adjacent the
bottom thereof.
y
1. A parallelepipedal brick having its bottom,
one end and one side surface provided with com
municating recesses, the recesses in the side and
end surfaces including an intermediate flute and `
the brick surface adjacent the ñutes being dis
posed on a gradual inclination which slopes to
ward said flutes.
wedge-shaped projections which have their 55
greatest thickness at the top of the brick 'and
'
2. A parallelepipedal brick having its bottom',
one end and one side surface recessed, the re
cesses in the end and side surfaces including an
,
~
8. A parallelepipedal ceramic brick, one end
surface of which is provided with an inverted 60
>funnel-shaped recess, the termini of‘ the end
surface being constituted of vertical, marginal
wedge-shaped portions tapering from top to bot
tom, the'end surface between the recess and the
wedge-shaped-portions being of compound incli 65
CHRISTIAN F. SAUEREISEN.
nation.
.
.
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