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Патент USA US2124179

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July_l9, 1938.
R, ATTl
' 2,124,179
PRINTING APPARATUS
Filed May 28, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
75
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INVENTOR -
'
ATTORNEY6
.
July 19, ' 193s.
' R Am
2,124,179
PRINTING APPARATUS
Filed May 28, 1937
2 sheets-‘sheet 2
2
.
62
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2,124,179
Patented July 19, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,124,17 9
PRINTING APPARATUS
Raphael Atti, Union City, N. J., assignor to
Francis H. Richards, Inc., New York, N. Y., a
corporation of New York
Application May 28, 1937, Serial No. 145,259
5 Claims.
chine especially designed for printing such as
trade names or other indicia on 'golf‘balls.
matches or coincides with and forms a continua; _
and is herein illustrated as embodied in a ma
5
(Cl. 101—35)
bearing H is so machined as to provide a ledge
like shoulder 26 and to- present above"such
shoulder a true cylindrical surface, which
This invention relates to printing apparatus
An important object of the invention is to pro
vide a generally improved machine of the char
acter mentioned which is simple in construction,
reliable in operation and by which the printing
operations may be carried out expeditiously.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
10
will become apparent from the following de
scription when taken in connection with the ac
companying drawings, in which
Fig. 1 is a plan View of a machine embodying
15 the invention; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the
machine; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View
taken on line 3—3 of Fig. 1, certain parts being
omitted for the sake of clarity; Fig. 4 is a central,
vertical, sectional View taken on line 4—4 of Fig.
3; Fig. 5 is a fragmental detail view of the socket
end of one of a pair of type head actuating
plungers; Fig. 6 is a fragmental View, similar to
that of Fig. 4 .and showing a modi?ed form of
ink pad or unit, and Fig. '7 is a diagrammatic
view illustrating the spaced. relation of the sur
face-pattern-forming cup-like depressions of a
golf ball in the vicinity of one of its poles.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral ID in
dicates a suitable base which is adapted to- be
'30 connected to a table or other support, not shown.
Mounted centrally on the base, is a vertically dis
tion of the true cylindrical surface of the re- “5
ceptacle 20.
'
'f
Rotatably supported on the bearing‘ll is ‘an
ink-pad-carrying cylinder 21 which is, adapted
to snugly fit the matched peripheral surfaces‘ of u
the bearing H and the receptacle 20. The cylin} '10
der 2'! is formed at its lower end with a flange;
like ratchet 28, above which is disposed an ink
pad in the form of a relatively soft rubber ring
30 which embraces and snugly engages the outer
which are formed on its lower‘ surface, are
adapted to so cooperate with a spring-like'pawl
34 as to effect step-by-stEp rotative movement
of the cylinder 21 and its associated inking pad ‘20
under conditions of operation hereinafter more
particularly described, the pawl being suitably
connected to the base portion of the bearing ll
as by a screw 35.
In order that the cylinder 21 and its asso- £25
ciated ink pad may be raised and loWeredQ‘for
the purpose hereinafter more particularly de
scribed, there is provided a yoke-like elevating
lever 36, the arms 31 and 38 of which are con‘
nected to a shaft 40, supported in bracket-like 131)
bearings 4| forming elements of a pair of hear
posed pedestal-like» bearing H, the upper end of
which is provided with an upwardly extending
ing units 42 secured to the base l0 relatively near
, boss I2, and the lower end of which is provided
provided respectively with trunnions 44 and '45,
with a similar boss l4 adapted to snugly ?t
within an opening l5 formed in the base. The
bearing H is held against displacement on the
base ill by a lag screw Hi, the head end of which
engages a washer l'l overlying the opening l5,
and the screw-threaded end of which is con?ned
within a screw-threaded opening l8 formed cen
trally of the bearing. Supported on the bear
ing I I, is a cup-like receptacle 20, which is
adapted to receive an article, such as a golf ball
45 l3 on which a printing operation is to be carried
out, and which is provided with an opening 2!
opposite ends thereof.
The arms 31 and 3_8' are
the inner ends of which are accommodated by :35
the peripheral groove 3! at diametrically op
posed points therein. The trunnion 44 comprises
a trunnion pin 46, which is adapted to be held
in a de?nite position by a set screw 41, carried
by the arm 31; and the trunnion 45 comprises‘a 140
cup-like sleeve 48, which is held in a de?nite
position, by a set screw 58 carried'by the-arm
38, and within which is con?ned a'slidab‘le
trunnion pin 5|, normally urged ‘toward and ‘into
engagement with‘ the bottom of the peripheral J45
adapted to snugly receive the boss l2, about which
groove Si by a compression spring 52,~disp'o'sed
intermediate the outer end of the trunnion pin
the receptacle may be rotatably adjusted and on
and the closed end of the cup-like sleeve. -
which such receptacle is held by a lag screw~22,
50 the head end of which is adapted to ?t snugly
within a socket-like ‘depression 24 formed in the
bottom of the cup member and the screw
threaded portion of which is con?ned within a
screw-threaded opening 25 formed centrally of
55 the bearing l I. It is to be observed that the
4
wall of the cylinder. The ratchet 28'is provided ‘15
with a peripheral groove 3i, and itsyteeth‘3l2,
From the foregoing description, reference being
had to the elevating lever 38, it will be under- £51)
stood that as such lever is moved from itsfulle
line position shown in Fig. 3 to its dottedielin-e
position shown therein, the cylinder 2'! ‘and; its
assocated inkpad will be movedv toyits dotted:
line position, the extent of such upwardmoye- i535
2
2,124,179
ment being limited according to the adjustment
pair of limiting arms 11, the outer ends of which
of a limit-adjusting screw 54 which is adapted
to abut the base In, as indicated in dotted lines
in Fig. 3, and which is carried at the lower end
are bifurcated and are adapted to be moved, as
the lever 36 is elevated, into yoking relations to
the plungers 51 at points intermediate the hand
of a depending arm 55, connected to and. mov
wheels 60 .and the adjacent ends of the bearings
able with the arms 31 and 38.
56. It is to be observed that the hand wheels 60
not only function as and for the purpose just
described but that they also function to so limit
the inward movement of the plungers 5'! as to
cause type faces of the heads 6| to impinge with 10
a desired degree of intimacy on the golf ball l3
incident to the carrying out of a printing opera
tion, in which case the limiting arms ‘H are out
of the path of travel of the hand wheels so that
such Wheels are adapted to then move into abut 15
ting engagement with the outer ends of the bear
It is to- be ob
served from Fig. 3 that, incident to upward
movement of the‘ cylinder 2'! and its associated
ink pad, the spring-like pawl 34 is disengaged
10 from the ratchet 28 without rotatably displacing
the cylinder and ink pad; but on the other hand,
as such cylinder and pad are lowered, the ratchet
will engage the free end of the pawl, with the
result that, as the pawl moves from its dotted
15 line position to its full-line position it will effect
a slight rotative displacement of the cylinder
and the ink pad so as to present a new inking
surface preparatory to the next printing opera
tion.
20
Each of the bearing units 42 includes a longi
ings 56.
From what has been said heretofore regarding
the intermittent step-by-step rotation of the cyl
inder 21 and its associated ink pad as effected by 20
tudinally disposed bearing 56, which bearings
the spring pawl 34 in cooperation with the ratchet
are disposed in alignment with each other and
within each of which is mounted a type head
actuating plunger 51. The outer end of each of
32, it will be understood that preparatory to the
carrying out of each inking operation, the ink
25 these plungers is screw-threaded as shown at 58,
and is provided with limit-adjusting hand wheels
60, by which the extent of movement of such
plungers toward each other may be varied within
limits. The inner ends of the plungers are
30 socket-like in character, as shown in Fig. 5, and
are each adapted to removably receive the shank
portion of a type or printing head 6!, which is
shaped to present a plurality of tangs 62, pre
senting type-faces which collectively present a
35 contour corresponding to the contour of the ar
ticle on which a printing operation is to be carried
out.
The type heads 6| may be held against dis
placement by a pair of set screws 64, which are
carried at the inner ends of the plungers 51 and
40 are adapted to be run down into impinging en
gagement with the shank portions of such heads.
The outer end of each plunger 51 is bifurcated,
as shown most clearly in Fig. 1, so as to provide
a pair of ears 65 carrying a rivet-like pin 66.
45 The pins 66 are adapted. to afford a pivotal and
slidable connection between the outer ends of
the plungers 5'! and the slotted upper ends of a
pairof plunger-actuating levers 61, which are
pivotally supported, within a pair of slots (formed
50 in opposite ends of the base II!) by a pair of pins
10 or the like. To the lower ends of the lever 61,
are pivotally connected a pair of toggle links ‘H,
which are in turn pivotally connected to each
other, as shown at 12, and to which is connected
55 a tension spring 14. In order that the plungers
51 may be conveniently moved toward each other
against the action of the spring 14', the toggle
links ‘H are pivotally connected at 12 to an actu
ating link ‘I5, which at its lower end is pivotally
connected to a foot treadle 1B. Thus, it will be
appreciated that the foot treadle 16 may be em
ployed to move the type heads 6| into engage
ment with the ink pad, when the cylinder 21 and
its associated ink pad are elevated as indicated
65 in dotted lines in Fig. 3, and to also move such
heads into engagement with the golf ball [3, on
which a printing operation is to be carried out,
when the cylinder and its associated ink pad are
positioned as indicated in full lines in Fig. 3.
In order to limit the inward movement of the
70
plungers 51, as when the cylinder 21 and its asso
ciated ink pad are elevated, so that the type faces
of the heads 6| will engage the face of the inking
ring 30 without unduly impinging thereon, the
75 opposite ends of the shaft 40 are provided with a
pad is so moved as to present a new surface to
the type faces of the type heads 6|.
In this con
25
nection it will be observed that for a given set
ting of the limit-adjusting screw 54, the path of
contact as between the type heads 6| and the ink
pad is ?xed. As the ink supply which is peculiar
to such path becomes depleted, a new path of 30
ink supply may be rendered available by chang
ing the position of the limit-adjusting screw 54,
which determines the extent to which the cylin
der 2‘! and its associated ink pad can be ele
vated and, therefore, the path of contact to be 35
presented.
In view of the fact that the inking ‘
ring 30 is relatively wide as compared with the
height of the type faces of the heads 6| and is,
therefore, capable of affording several contigu
ous paths of contact, as determined by adjust
v40
ments of the limit-adjusting screw 54, it follows '
that the machine may be operated over a rela
tively long period of time without necessitating
the application of a new supply of ink to the ink
ing ring.
In connection with present-day commercial
golf balls, it may be Well to point out that they
45
are so formed as to present various surface pat
terns, a conventional pattern being fragmentally
illustrated in Fig. '7 as characterized by a mul
tiplicity of cup-like depressions 18. The con
ventional surface pattern here fragmentally il
lustrated is such as to present six so-called poles,
the one which is herein discernible being de?ned
by such of the depressions 18 as are next ad
jacent the area bearing the word “Space”. Two
of the six poles are located at diametrically op
posite points on the surface of the golf ball and
the other four of such poles are spaced about the
50
55
perimeter of the ball at ninety degrees from each 60
other and at a like distance from each of the two "
?rst-mentioned poles. As shown in Fig. 4, the
bottom wall of the cup-like receptacle 20 is pro
vided with a plurality of indexing lobes 80, which
are so located with respect to certain of the de 65
pressions 18 (which are adapted to receive said '
lobes) that they serve'as indexing means to facili
tate such positioning of the ball within the re
ceptacle as will insure contact of the type heads
5| with the diametrically opposed poles on which 70
a printing operation is to be carried out.
In some instances it may be desirable to print
one portion of a trade-mark or other indicia in
one color, for example, black, and the remaining
portion of such trade-mark or indicia in a con
75
trasting, color, for example,.red.
3
2;.12431 11.79
In, order-to thereon, and. limit-adjusting means .for. varying
realize such color-contrast,,theprinting heads 6|
may be secured in the plungers 51 at right angles
to the positions in whichthey, are _indicated in
Fig. 2 and in lieu of the inking unit hereinbefore
described there may be employed an inkingunit
comprising, as is shown in Fig.‘ 6,-a, pair of rub
ber rings 30’, one of which may be supplied with
black ink and the other with red ink, said rings
10 collectively presenting a surface which is curved
longitudinally of the common ring. axiss'o as to
conform to the curvature of the type faces of the
printing heads. In the event, it is desired, for
example, to: print a trade-mark or other indicia,
15 one half in the one color and the other half in
the other color, the, limit-adjusting screw 54 may
be so positioned as-to insure contact of the upper
and lower rings 30’ respectively with the upper
and lower halves of each printing head face. It
20 will be understood, of course, that any desired
extent of contrast in colors in the printed trade
mark or other indicia may be attained by accord
ingly adjusting the adjusting screw 54, that is to
say, by adjusting the screw 54 in one direction
25 away from its neutral position the color corre
sponding to that of the ink carried by the upper
ring may be caused to dominate in the print, and
by adjusting such screw in an opposite direction
away from its neutral position the color corre
30 sponding to that of the ink carried by the lower
ring may be caused to dominate in the print. It
is obvious, of course, that in the event solid color
printing is desired, both of the rings 30’ may be
coated with ink of the same color; or, if desired,
35 there may be employed a single ring coated
throughout its area with ink of the desired color
and corresponding in size, contour and shape to
the two-ring unit.
Regardless of whichever form of the invention
.
>
.
.
,
,2, ,-A machine for use :in the carrying out of a
printing operation at di?erent locations on an ar vit-G
ticle comprising a support: for retaining-said arti
cle in printing position,printing‘headssadapted to
be moved toward each vother‘and into printing‘en
gagement with said article at di?erent locations
thereon, .and an inking: unit mounted on said' sup 1:5
port for movement, longitudinally of its axis and
adapted to be ‘moved into the path: of said print;
ing heads and to be there engaged by such heads
and to be thereafter moved out of said path pre
paratory to movement of such heads into print 20
ing engagement with said article.
3. A machine for use in the carrying out of a
printing operation at different locations on an ar
ticle comprising a support for retaining said ar
ticle in printing position, printing heads adapted 25
to be moved toward each other and into print
ing engagement with said article at di?erent lo
cations thereon, an inking unit mounted on said
support for movements both about and longitu
dially of its axis and adapted to be moved into 30
the path of said printing heads and to be there
engaged by such heads and to be thereafter
moved out of said path preparatory to movement
of such heads into printing engagement with said
article, inking-unit-displacing means for facili 35
tating movement of such unit into and out of
said path, and means automatically actuated in
cident to operation of said displacing means for
e?ecting step-by-step rotary movement of said
derstood that the cup-like receptacles 20 and 20',
inasmuch as they are rotatably adjustable on
printing heads.
their respective pedestal-like bearings II and H’,
4. A machine for use in the carrying out of a
printing operation at di?erent locations on an
article comprising a support for retaining said 45
may be so positioned as to insure against failure
of the indexing lobes 80 and 80" to properly lo
45
cate such poles of the ball as are intended to be
subjected to the printing action of the type
heads 6|.
It will, of course, be understood that when the
55
adapted to engage.
inking unit whereby successive contact areas of
such unit are presented for engagement by said
herein disclosed may be employed, it will be un
50
the .extent of_:movement of- said. heads toward
each other and for correspondingly‘ varyingithe
degree‘ :of impingement of suchwheads onsaid
article-said limit—adjusting. means including stop
elements a-djustableton said: plungers, and abut?
ment elements with which said stop. elements are
type heads 6| are vertically disposed, as above
described, the clearance notches 8|, with which
the receptacle 20 is provided in order to accom
modate the type heads when horizontally disposed
as shown in Fig. 2, may of course be made nar
rower and Will of necessity be made deeper, as
shown at 81' in Fig. 6, wherein is illustrated a
receptacle 20’ which di?ers from the receptacle
20 hereinbefore described only in so far as the
dimensions of the clearance notches are con
60 cerned.
Aside from the modi?cations herein shown and
described, it will be understood that various other
changes may be adopted without departing from
the spirit of the invention or the scope of the fol
65 lowing claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A machine for use in the carrying out of a
printing operation at di?erent locations on an
article comprising a support for retaining said
article in printing position, actuating plungers
mounted for movement longitudinally of them
selves, printing heads carried by said plungers
and adapted to be moved along with such plung
ers toward each other and into printing engage
75 ment with said article at different locations
article in printing position, actuating plungers
mounted for movement longitudinally of them~
selves, printing heads carried by said plungers
and adapted to be moved along with such plung
ers toward each other and into printing engage
50
ment with said article at different locations
thereon, limit-adjusting means for varying the
extent of movement of said heads toward each
other and for correspondingly varying the degree
of impingement of such heads on said article, 55
said limit-adjusting means including stop ele
ments adjustable on said plungers and abutment
elements with which said stop elements are
adapted to engage, an inking unit adapted to
be moved into the path of said printing heads 60
and to be there engaged by such heads and to
be thereafter moved out of said path preparatory
to movement of such heads into printing engage
ment with said article, inking-unit-displacing
means for facilitating movement of such unit into 65
and out of said path, and means automatically
actuated incident to operation of said displacing
means for e?ecting step-by-step movement of
said inking unit whereby successive contact areas
of such unit are presented for engagement by 70
said printing heads.
5. A machine for use in the carrying out of
a printing operation at di?erent locations on an
article comprising a support for retaining said
article in printing position, a pair of printing 75
4
2,124,179
heads, a pair of printing head actuating plungers
carrying said printing heads,>means for moving
said printing heads through the medium of said
ment with said article, inking-unit-displacing
plungers toward each other and into printing en
gagement with said article at di?erent locations
means for facilitating movement of such unit
into and out of said path, means under the con
thereon, limit-adjusting means for varying the
extent of movement of said heads toward each
other and for correspondingly varying the degree
of impingement of such heads on said article,
10 said limit-adjusting means including stop ele
ments adjustable on said plungers and abutment
elements with which said stop elements are
adapted to engage, an inking unit mounted on
said support for movements both about and ion
15 gitudinally of its axis and adapted to be moved
into the path of said printing heads and to be
there engaged by such heads and to be there
after moved out of said path preparatory to
movement of such heads into printing engage
trol of said inking-unit-displacing means for lim
iting the intimacy of engagement of said print
ing heads with said inking unit and including a
pair of limiting arms adapted to be moved into
and out of positions intermediate said stop ele 10
ments ‘and said abutment elements and means
automatically actuated incident to operation of
said displacing means for e?ecting step-by-step
rotary movement of said inking unit whereby
successive contact areas of such unit are pre
sented for engagement by said printing heads.
RAPHAEL AT'I'I.
15
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