вход по аккаунту


Патент USA US2124242

код для вставки
July 19, 1938-‘
Filed Oct. 6, 1936
8 Sheets-Sheet_l
July 19, 1938.
' 2;12_4,242 ~
glad Oct. 6, 1936
8 Sheets-Sheet 2
5 Fig.2.
July 19, 1938.
Filed Oct. v6, 1956
8 Sheets-Sheet 3
July 19, 1938.
Filed 001:. e, 1956
8 Sheets-Sheet 4'
‘July 19, 193s.v
Filed Oct. 6. 1936 "
8 She'ets-Shee'ti
a \lglr/
July 19, 1938‘.
‘ v
:Filed 001:. 6, 1956
8 she'etsv-sheet 6
/1 "
July, 19, 1938.‘
2,124,242 j
Filed Oct. 6, 1936
8 Sheets-Sheet 7
Patented July 19, 1938 '
In Great
6, 1936,
Serial7, No_
1935 104,291 . .
13 Claims.
This invention relates to portable buildings,
for example airplane hangars or sheds, and has
for its main object to provide an improved struc
tural arrangement adapted for rapid and easy
5 transportation, erection and dismantling and
also allowing variation of size to suit require
Another object of the invention is to provide
an improved form of sectional unit adapted for
10 assembly with other ‘similar units to constitute
(Cl. 189-2)
Fig. 10 is an elevation and Fig. '11 a plan of a
foundation member supporting‘one‘of the sec
tional units of a side wall.
.1 .
Fig. 12 is a detail on a larger scale, ‘showing
one of the saddle blocks which, receive the ends
of the purlins.
l "
Figs. 13 and 13a represent two parts of an ele
vation at right angles to Fig. 9, seen at the top
of the roof adjacent to one end of the shed, show
ing means for supporting a canvas door or ‘our
either a roof principal or a wall stanchion for a
tain to close the doorway or opening.
portable building, and also adapted for assem
Fig. 14 is an elevation of an alternative form
of door support with bottom guide track.
Fig. 15 is a plan view in section on the line
bly with one or more other similar units to con
stitute a pole or derrick to be employed in the
15 erection of the roof principals or wall stanchions
of the building.
A further object of the invention is to provide
a base or foundation member upon which a wall
l5—l5 of Fig. 14.
the door supports.
bottom end of the lowest unit of the stanchion.
wire operating the doors.
section and the doors being adapted for rapid
operation but providing a substantially rigid
Fig. 1'7 is an elevation at right angles to Fig.
14, showing the lower end of a door. support en
gaged in the bottom track.
of area approximating to' said rectangular cross
Fig. 16 is a part plan of vthe bottom track for
stanchion composed of assembled sectional units
of rhomboidal shape will stand in substantially
vertical position,'in spite of the obliquity of the
A still further object is to provide improved
doors for closing the ends of portable buildings
25 of rectangular cross section, the doorways being
Figs. 18 and 19 represent guide pulleys for a
Figs. 20, 21, and 22 are diagrams of- the door,
operating system.
Fig. 23 illustrates a door made of
Figs. 24, 25, and 26 are diagrams showing in
end elevation various sizes of building which
can be built up by assembly of different num
The invention is hereafter described with ref
erence to the accompanying drawings, in
Figs. 1 and 1a represent two- halves of an end
1 elevation, partly in section,‘ of an airplane shed
Fig. 2 is a partial side view of the structure,
and Fig.3 a partial plan of the roof, the cover
ing material being partly broken away to show
the internal bracing.
Fig. 4 represents on a larger scale one of the
40 sectional units from which the side walls and
roof principals are built up.
Fig. 5 is a plan and Fig. 6 an end view of
Fig. 4:.
Fig. '7 shows a modi?ed form of sectional unit
preferably employed for the corner connection
of the roof to the walls.I
Fig. 8 represents an alternative construction
of sectional unit.
Fig. 9 is a. partial end elevation of the struc
ture on the same scale as Figs. 4-7, showing in
outline the modi?ed or corner unit (Fig. '7) con
nected to the adjacent units of the roof and
wall respectively, together'with the side rails,
purlins and covering material.
bers and arrangements of the sectional units.‘
Referring to Figs. 1 to 3, the building illus
trated represents an airplane shed or hangar,
the plan dimensions being for example 175 feet
long and 95 feet wide, giving a clear inside width
of about 90‘ feet; with these dimensions the 35
building may comprise ?fteen complete roof
arches A, with ?fteen pairs of wall stanchions B,
providing fourteen bays 0, each 12 feet 6 inches
long, two such bays being represented in Figs.
2 and 3.
Each wall stanchion is shown as built
up of three similar sectional, units a, giving 'a
clear height of about 25 feet inside the building.
Each roof arch is shown as built up of ten simi
lar sectional units a, ?ve on each side of the
centre line of the building at the corners, where
the roof is connected to the walls, slightly modi
?ed sectional units b are provided, for a purpose
hereafter ‘explained, these corner units being con
nected between the outmost sectional units a- of
the roof arch A and the topmost units a of‘the
wall-stanchion B.
The main sectional units a, when assembledtoé }
gether to form a main arch or principal A of the
roof, have their abutting ends substantially ver- ‘
tical while their top and bottom membersare
inclined at a relatively small angle (for example
15 degrees) to the horizontal; in order that sec
tional units a of the same form may serve for
vertical side wall stanchions B of the structure,
in which the abutting ends will be inclined to the
horizontal, the foundations 0 upon which the
walls rest are each given a slightly oblique top
face, inclined at the same angle as the main arch
or roof principal A, the substantially vertical
10 rhomboidal units of the walls resting endwise on
these oblique faces.
The sectional units a are arranged for bolting
together at their meeting ends directly or by
‘means of cover straps across the joints, or for
15 assembling in any other convenient manner, the
spacing of the bolt holes or the like being uniform
in all the units as Well as in the foundation mem
bers c on which the walls ‘are ‘mounted; similarly
spaced bolt holes or the like may be’ provided at
other points of some or all of the units, for ex
ample to allow of securing the outermost units
of fth’eroof'principals‘ in suitable angular relation
to the topmost units of‘the walls, so that the
roof can rest directly upon the top of‘the wall at
each side.“ Preferably,'however, a modi?ed form
of ‘unit b is provided for the corner-connection of
the roof to the walls or for the connection between
other sectional units in angular relation.
‘ The'preferred construction of the main sec
39 tional units a is shown more clearly in Figs. 4 to 6,
‘ where it" can be seen. that‘the unit is of rhom
boidal shape, the ends ‘being substantially ver
tical (in the position'occupied when forming a
sectional‘ unit of the‘ roof arch) and the top and
bottom‘lon'gitudinal members or booms being in
clined atlan angle of about 15 degrees to the hori
zontal. " The 'unit ~is built up by b'olting together
a number of rolled steel angles, vcut to suitable
lengths, comprising end members a1, longitudinal
members or booms a2, arranged in pairs, and di
agonal stays as. The members a1 a2 are secured
together'by means of angle plates w1E at each
corner of the unit, one of these plates being bolted
between‘ the two' ‘longitudinal members‘ a2 and
45 having the end of the member a1 bolted thereto;
‘ the second'an‘g‘le plate a4 has ‘its side flange ex
tending in the reverse direction. At each end of
the unit, the sidel?ang'es of- the two angle plates
a4 at'the top‘ and ofrt'he two atxthe bottom are
flush, with the ?ange of the angle a1 so as to
‘ form" an 'end'surface'for jointing to an adjacent
un‘it’f'by ‘bolts passing through holes in these
?anges.‘ The booms a2 may also ‘be formed with
correspondingly arranged bolt holes, so that two
55 such units can be bolted together in angular rela
‘ tion as analternative to ‘the end-to-end relation.
The modi?ed corner unit I; (Fig. '7) differs from
the standard
a mainly in that its lower longi
tudinal member or boom 1)2 is cranked or offset to
provide end‘ portions of, different depth; one end
121 ‘is of. the same depth as the end a1 of the
standard unit, but the other end 123 is made
stanchion unit a, or in a reversed position, with
the end b1 resting on the top of a wall-stanchion
unit and the face b4 bolted to the vertical end a1
of a roof principal unit a. The corner unit also
provides a slight increase of strength, as com
pared with the bolting of a standard roof unit a
upon the top of a similar Wall-stanchion unit a,
by reason of the stiffening due to the extra depth
at the corner where the maximum stresses in the
frame occur.
The corner units may also be em
ployed for connecting sectional units in angular
relation at other positions, for example for the
ridge connection of the two principals of a roof
arch, twov such units being inverted and bolted
together at their deeper ends b3, and the other 15
ends 121 being bolted to the ends a1 of the‘main
units forming the roof principals.
It will be understood that the sectional units
may be built up by bolting, riveting or welding
together any suitable rolled steel sections to form
a girder structure of rhomboidal shape, and that
the units may be composed of metal sheets or
pressings built up in any convenient manner.
For example, Fig. 8' shows the corner unit b
formed by pressed steel booms b2 of channel sec
tion having their side flanges connected together
by‘parsnei steel plates b5 cut out to provide
apertures of which the edges are reinforced by
continuous lips b6; flat steel plates are welded
between'the extremities :of the booms b2 and 30
platesb? to ‘form the ends b1 b3 of the unit, and
also at intermediate points of the length to form
diaphragms b7, stiffening webs I)8 being welded
between the plates b5 to’ connect the lips I)6 with
the booms 62. or' diaphragms b".
Each- of the wall stanchions B has its lowest
sectional unit a bolted down upon a foundation
member‘c (Figs. IQ and 11) havinga pair of
oblique steel‘angles c1 secured thereto, the top
faces “of the‘ angles 01 having the same inclina
tion as theroof principals, viz. 15 degrees, so that
when the unit a is laid in a vertical position upon
this member 0, its end a1 will rest evenly upon the
oblique angles (31, upon which it will then be se
cured bybolts passing through bolt holes provided
to’ correspond with those in the end (11. The
member 0 may consist, of a steel plate, having the
oblique angles c1 riveted thereto and itself riv
eted in'place between two channel steel bearers
d, the opposite ends d1 of which are bolted down 50
being anchored to the ground, for example by
screw piekets 1‘ passed through bridge plates ]‘1
secured to’ the sleepers e;; alternatively the sleep
to pairs of pressed steel sleepers e, the whole
ers e may be held down by sand bags ?lled on the 55
site and laid across the sleepers.
, The severalmain arches A and wall-stanchions
B thus constituted'are connected together in the
longitudinal direction by purlins g and external
side rails h respectively, arranged at the points of
connection of‘ theends a1 of the main units a,
and also at intermediate points half-way along
deeper, for example about half as deep again; the
offset face I)? of the deeper end, extending par,
allel to the top boom, is made of width equalto
the depth of the end b1, and formed with corre
spondingly arranged bolt holes, so that this unit
the booms a2; all of these members g h are prefer
ably similar and formed by trough-section steel
pressings, or rolled steel angle-sections with round (i5
backs, adaptedto nest into one another for stor
b can be bolted to the end of anotherunit in
angular relation thereto. The corner unit is de
signed to allow a variation of the height and
connected to the main units a of the roof prin
' width of the building, since it can be arranged
either invthe position shown in Fig. 9, with‘the
end 121 bolted to the vertical end a1 of a roof arch
or gable unit ‘and the offset face b‘1 at the deeper
75. end I)? bolted down on the top, end a1 of arwall
age and transport. The purlins g are detachably
cipals by means of saddle blocks 2' (Figs. 9 and
12), the extremities of the purlins being slotted
transversely at g1 so as to engage with bolts 2'1
projecting from the sides of the saddle blocks; the
latter_comprise base'plates izvbolted to the top
booms d2, b? of the roof units, and adapted to
form cover straps over the joints between ad
jacent units, the booms 0.2 I)2 being formed with
the‘ necessary bolt holes near the ends and also
at the middle of their length. The side rails h
are connected to the main units a‘ of the wall
stanchions by means of similar saddle blocks
bolted to the outside booms of these units.
Suitable stifleners 7' (Figs. 13 and 13a), consist
ing of angle or trough-section pressings, with one
or both of their extremities (i1 cranked for ex
10 ample at 45 degrees, are bolted at one end to the
purlins g alternately on opposite sides of the main
units a of the roof principals, the opposite ends of
these stiffeners being secured to the lower booms
. a2 of the roof units; as shown in Figs. 9, 13, and
15 13a, the lower ends of these sti?eners a‘ may be
bolted to saddle blocks 2', in the same way as the
purlins g on the top of the units. Similar stiffen
ers (not shown) may be provided in the plane of
. the roof, between the arches or principals and
20 the uppermost side rails of each wall. Diagonal
to the top of the roof and-also covering "the end
Figs 14 to 17 show the vertical steel bars 0
guided at their lower ends for sliding movement
in a bottom track 1' of channel section, with at
tached sills r1, made in convenient lengths, and
supported by pressed steel sole-plates s, to the
number for example of four to each length of
track; the sole-plates are secured to the track by
spot-welding ‘and are anchored by angle-iron 10
stakes s1 driven obliquely through holes 82 in the
?at ends of the plates, the earth being excavated
to allow the laying of the track and then re
placed level with the latter. The lower ends of
the bars 0 are ?tted with socket sleeves o2 carry
bars o from being blown inwards or outwards of
the building by wind pressure. The ‘sleeves o2
are provided with hand-operated drop bolts 05 20
braces k, preferably adjustable in length to allow
adapted to engage holes r2 in the bottom of the
for uneven ground, may also be provided between
‘the ends of units in adjacent roof-principals and
wall-stanchions, as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3;
25 these braces k are preferably clipped to‘the inter
mediate purlins and side rails at their crossing
track for holding the ,door in closed position;
points W.
The roof and walls may be covered with canvas,
but are preferably covered with galvanized sheets
30 I, either flat or corrugated, which can be ar
ranged for rapid erection and
eliminating the customary end
ample, the two ends 11 Z2 of the
the roof may be curled upwards
dismantling by
laps. For ex
sheets covering
and downwards
35 respectively so that the lower end Z2 of a sheet
merely hangs over the upturned top end Z1 of the
next lower sheet, as shown in Fig. 9; the sheets
are fastened by means of hook bolts Z3 engaging
under the edges of the purlins ‘g, with nuts 14
40 screwed upon their projecting ends above the
ing pins 03 with .revoluble rollers 04 which run
freely in the track 1' but prevent the door and
, ‘
when the door 'is opened, the‘ bars 0 are pre
vented from crowding too closely together as they
run along the overhead track p by means of stops 25
or bumpers o6 fastened near their top ends, these
stops abutting together as shown in dotted lines
in Fig.- 15.
The opening and closing of the doors may be
operated by wires t attached to the bars 0 ad 30
jacent to the center of the doorway, by knotting
to eye-bolts t1 near the top ends of these bars,
the wire passing freely through the eye-bolts of
the other vertical bars; preferably one endless
length of wire is employed at each doorway end 35
of the building, the overhead track rail 10 be
ing utilized to carryv at its respective ends a
pair of vertical pulleys u u1 (Fig. 18) and a hori
zontal pulley. 11,2 (Fig. 19) so that the wire is
looped over the doorway with a crossing at the
sheets. Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 2 in the
case of the wall-covering sheets, the end lap may
center, so that the two halves or doors are
lapping sheets, and the positions of the bolts 13
down to a winch v, as shown in Fig. 22, the wire
being given two or three turns around the winch
drum so that it can be wound in either direc
opened and closed simultaneously. Figs. 20 to
be maintained, rapid erection and dismantling 22 show the operating system, the vertical bars 0
. being provided for by facilitating the removal .being spaced out in Fig. 20, which represents the
closed position, and being brought together at 45
45 of the bolts Z3'fastening these sheets to the side
rails h; for this purpose, the holes in the inner or one side adjacent to the wall stanchion B in Fig.
overlapped sheets are made with ample clearance 21, which represents the open position. The wire
for the bolts passing through the outer or over
passing over the vertical pulleys u 11,1 is taken
are chosen so that they do not pass through more
than two sheets at any point. Transparent top
panels m, consisting of oiled fabric or like mate
rial, may be ?tted to the sides of the shed, as
shown in Fig. 9, in order to give light to the
55 interior.
Doors may be provided at either or both ends
of the building, these doors being preferably
divided at the center; in the arrangement shown
in Figs. 1a and 13, the door 7!», which extends
60 across one half of the doorway, is constructed
of canvas or like material, sitffened by vertical
steel bars or arranged to travel upon rollers 01
along an overhead track 12‘ formed by a T~section
member mounted across the doorway, so that the
65 canvas doors or curtains can be run aside, the
bottom ends of the bars 0- being adapted for ?x
ing to screw pickets or the like when the doors
are shut. The track-member p may be mounted
70 upon hangers 121 above the doorway, these be
ing steadied by oblique stays 122 (see Fig.‘ 13)
anchored to the purlins g in the end bay of the
roof. A canopy q is provided across the top of
the door opening, covering in the hangers p1 as
75 well as the‘ space above the track-member 10 up
tion as required by appropriate movement of the
winch handle 01. '
The doors may be made of material other
than canvas or the like, particularly where 55
danger of ?re exists; for example, as shown in
Fig. 23, the vertical bars 0 may be hinged at 10‘1
to steel slats to which are themselves hinged to
gether at wz, the hinges being disposed at inter
vals of ?ve feet for example along the edges of 60
the bars and slats. The hinges may be either
inside or outside the shed, and they are ar
ranged -to limit the unfolding movement so that
the slats cannot reach a straight-line position.
When the door is opened by bringing the bars 0
together by means of the operating wire, the
slats fold up together as shown in dotted lines
on the right of the ?gure.
The erection of the shed can be effected by
assembling the several units to form the stan: 70
chions and raising the latter by hand; the roof
principals, also formed by assembling the re?
quired number of units a, with or without corner
units b, to make up the two halves of each arch
A, are then hoisted into position by suitable 75
tackle, employing a number of assembled units a
or other members to constitute a pole or derrick.
. By. way- of example, the main units-a may be
roof to one of said'walls, said member comprising
a straight longitudinal boom, a second, longitu
dinal boom cranked intermediate of its ends, two
8>feet long, 2 feet 3 inches deep, and 6 inches
wide; thus three assembled units a will make
up a stanchion 24 feet high, and ?ve assembled
units a will make up a roof principal or girder 40
feet' long, allowing with the addition of the
ends of different lengths connecting said booms,
corner units 1) for a roof span of about 95 feet,
10 as already mentioned in relation to Figs. 1 to 3,
stanchions and roof principals forming a series
of parallel frames, each of said side wall stan
chions and roof principals being formed by the
height can be reduced to about 21 feet near the
walls. The dimensions of the units may them
25 selves be varied from those mentioned by way
of example, the units being made of lighter
design (for example 18-inches deep) for spans
up to 65 feet and of heavier design (for example
3 feetdeep) for spans over 120 feet.
The invention may obviously be applied to the
construction of portable or “sectional” buildings
to be used as-garages for motor trucks or the like
or as store-sheds for any purpose, whether tem
porary or permanent.
What I claim is:—
1. In a shed having two side walls and a low
pitched roof, the combination of sectional units
of rhomboidal shape, assembled to form side wall
stanchions, and similar sectional units of rhom
40 boidal shape, assembled to form roof principals.
2. In a shed having two side walls and a low
pitched roof, the combination of sectional units
of rhomboidal shape, assembled to form side wall
stanchions, and similar sectional units of rhom
45 boidal shape, assembled to form roof principals,
one unit of each wall stanchion being assembled
to one unit of a-roof principal.
3. In a shed having two side walls and a low
'7. In a shed having two side walls and a low
in Fig. 24. These dimensions may be varied to
any desired extent by employing different num~
bers. of units‘in each case and slight variations
may be‘ obtained by means of the corner units 1)
only four units a and one corner unit b in each
to constitute a rigid structure.
pitched roof, the combination of side wall
roof principal or girder, as represented in Fig. 25,
the span can be reduced to about 75 feet, and
again by arranging the corner units b in reversed
positions, standing upright upon two-unit wall
stanchions as represented in Fig. 26, the inside
one another and oblique to said booms, and
means connecting said booms and ends together
this arrangement being shown diagrammatically
as already explained; for example, by assembling
one portion of said cranked boom being parallel
to said straight boom, said ends being parallel to
assembly of substantially similar sectional units 15
having their ends oblique to their length, series
of horizontal rails connecting saidv wall stanch
ions along each side of said shed, and series of
purlins connecting said roof principals.
8. In a shed having two side walls and a low
pitched roof, the combination of side wall stan
chions and roof‘ principals forming a series of
parallel frames, each of said side wall stanchions
and roof principals being formed by the assem
bly of substantially similar sectional units hav 25
ing their ends oblique to‘their length, series of
horizontal rails connecting said wall stanchions
along each side of said shed, series of purlins
connecting said roof principals, diagonal stays
connecting points of connection of said rails with
said wall stanchions, and other diagonal stays
connecting points of connection of said purlins
with said roof principals.
9. In a shed having two side walls and a low
pitched roof, the combination of side wall stan
chions and roof principals forming a series of
parallel frames, each of said side wall stanchions
and roof principals being formed by the assembly
of-lsectional units having-their ends oblique to
their length, saddles forming cover plates over .40
the joints between adjacent sectional units,
and members extending at right angles to said
frames to connect the several wall stanchions
along each side of said shed and the several roof
principals respectively, said connecting members
?tting upon said saddles.
10. In a shed having two side walls and a low
pitched roof, the combination of a plurality. of
pitched roof, the combination of a plurality of substantially similar sectional units of rhomboi~
sectional units, and means for assembling said dal shape to form side wall stanchions and a
units together to form side wall stanchions and a roof principal, said sectional units being adapted
roof principal extending between said side wall for end-to-end connection in alignment and’ also
stanchions, all of said units being of similar adapted for end-to-side connection in angular
relation, the number of sectional units assembled
rhomboidal shape.
4. In a shed having two, side walls and a low in alignment to form the side wall stanchions be 55
pitched roof, a sidewall stanchion formed by a ing variable according to the desired height of
plurality of sectional units of rhomboidal shape said shed, and the number of sectional units as
and means for assembling said units together in ' sembled to form the roof principal being var
vertical alignment, and a base member for said iable according to the desired span of said shed.
11. In a shed having two side Walls and a low 60
wall stanchion, said base member having an
oblique face inclined to the horizontal at the pitched roof, the. combination of side wall stan
same angle as the inclined ends of said sectional chions and roof principals forming a series of
parallel frames, each of said side Wall stanchions
units when assembled in vertical alignment.
5. In a shed having two side walls and a low and roof principals being formed ‘by the assembly
pitched roof, the combination of a plurality of of substantially similar sectional units of rhom 65
sectional units. of similar rhomboidal shape and boidal shape, means for covering the gable in one
two sectional units of .modi?ed rhomboidal shape, of said frames at one end of said shed so as to
and means for assembling said'units together in leave a substantially rectangular doorway of area
end-to-end relation to form side wall stanchions approximating'to the cross-section of said shed,
and a roof principal extending between said side and means for closing said doorway.
12. A portable shed comprising sectional units
wall stanchions,..said modi?ed rhomboidal units
being located at the junctions of said Walls and of substantially rhomboidal shape, means for as
roof principal.
sembling said units in end-to-end relation to
6. In a shed having-two side walls and a 10w form wall stanchions and roof principals, means
pitched roof, a corner member connecting said for bracing said wall stanchions and roof prin
cipals, means for covering said walls and roof,
and means for closing the ends of said shed, all
component parts of said shed being readily
transportable and adapted for easy assembly,
erection and dismantling.
13. A portable building, comprising two side
walls and a roof of relatively low pitch, with a
door opening at one end, characterized by the
fact that both the wall stanchions and they roof
principals are composed of substantially similar
sectional units of rhomboidal shape, assembled
together in numbers depending on the height and 5
span respectively of said building.
Без категории
Размер файла
1 112 Кб
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа