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Патент USA US2124277

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July '19, 1938.
' -
4 \ 2,124,277
Filed Sept. 4, 1956
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19 ‘i
CLARENCE 0. 7205551:
- BY
Patented July 19, 1938
* 2,124,277
2,124,27 7
Clarence Di. Trussell, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., as
signor to Trussell Manufacturing Company,
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., a ‘corporation of New
5 Application September 4, 1936, Serial No. 99,353
3 Claims.
This invention relates to binders and is a par
tial continuation of the Clarence 'D. Trussell
patent application entitled “Sectional binder”,
Serial No. 77,337, ?led May 1, 1936.
Particular objects of the present invention are
to provide improved means for securing wire
bound re?lls within a cover or other form of
mounting or support. Such improvements relate
mainly to facilitating the insertion and locking or
10 securing of the re?llwithin the cover structure.
Other and relatedobjects are to provide a sim
ple and inexpensive structure for the purpose,
‘which can be readily manufactured and assem
bled, be easy to operate, and which will be en
15 tirely practical and effective.
The foregoing and other desirable objects are
attained in this invention by the novel features of
construction, combinations and relations of parts
hereinafter described and claimed.
The drawing accompanying and forming part
of the following speci?cation illustrates one of
the present preferred commercial forms of the in
vention, it being understood that the structure
may be modi?ed and changed as regards such
25 particular illustration, all vwithin the true intent
and scope of the claims;
Fig. 1 is a broken end view of one of the binders.
Figure 2 is a broken cross sectional view of the
Figure 3 is a broken face View showing the
binder in opened relation.
Figure 4 is a broken longitudinalsectional view,
substantially on the‘ center line of the binder,
such as line 4—4 of Figure 3 but illustrating the
operation of inserting or removing the re?ll.
Figure 5 is a similar fragmentary View showing
the slide element shifted to secure the re?ll in
(Cl. 281-19)
22 in the arched portions and substantially par
allel sides-of an inverted U-shaped housing 23,
having outwardly projecting ?anges 24 at the
open side of the same, secured ?atagainst the
back as by'rivets or other suitable fastenings 25.
Operating in this housing there is shown a slide 26
of similar U-shaped form having notches 21 in
the arched and side wall portions of the same,
to register, in one position of the silde, with the
notches 22 in the housing, as-in Figure 4 and,
in another position of the slide, Figure 5, to be en
closed within intervening solid portions 28 of the
housing. At one side of the notches in the slide,
hook elements 29 are provided which in the ?rst
position of the slide, Figure 4, are housed and 15
concealed within the solid portions 28 of the hous
ing and, in the second position of the slide, Figure
5, project across from one solid portion 28 to the
next so as to bridge and close the housing slots 22.
Thus, it will be seen that with the hooks retract 20
ed as in Figure 4, the rings of the re?ll l5 may be ‘
readily slipped into the housing notches 22 with
out being impeded or obstructed in any way and‘
that after being'so engaged in the notches the
slide may be shifted upwardly from the position 25
indicated in Figure 4 to that shown in Figure 5,
to close ‘the notches by the hook portions 29 of
the slide, which then extend through and secure
the rings to the back. The double spring strands
» I6 of the rings may yield toward each other, if
necessary, to ?t closely within the receiving
notches 22 and the U-shaped housing and slide
may be folded to such shape of more or less re
silient sheet material, and thus have a yielding
spring ?t one within the other, accommodating
for variations in manufacture and causing the
slide to operate smoothly and yieldingly hold its
different positions in the housing. The double
thickness of the slide also gives it desired strength
In the form of the invention shown, the pages,
leaves or sheets H‘) are held together by rings con ‘ and stability and reinforces the housing so that 40
nected as portions of a continuous length of spring both these parts may be made of relatively light
wire and made up of spaced substantially parallel inexpensive folded sheet material.
To further guide the slide and to stiffen and
strands I6 connected by rounded loops ll, Fig
reinforce both this and the enclosing housing,
ures 3 and 9, with individual strands of the ad
said slide may be constructed with outstanding 45
45 joining ring elements joined by intervening con
necting loops I8. This parallel strand construc
tion gives the rings an inherent spring quality
advantageous to the purposes of the present in
The holder or support for the bound leaves is
shown as a book back I9 having front and back
covers 20, 2|, and the connection with this sup
porting member is e?ected by engaging the binder
rings with certain hook elements on the back.
The binder rings are entered in the notches
?anges 3|] at the open side of the same, and the '
flanges 24 of the housing be made with shoul
dered guideways 3| receiving these slide flanges.
Lugs 32 are shown as extended from the sub
stantially parallel sides of the U-shaped, slide 50
and bent outwardly beyond the arch of such slide
to serve as ?nger-holds for pushing the slide in
opposite directions and as stops for limiting move
ment of the slide by engagement with the adjoin
ing ends of the housing member. The introver 55
sion of these lugs in this Way also stiffens and re
inforces the ends of the slide.
The arched construction of the two members,
ingly folded slide operating in said housing hav
ing notches to register with the housing notches
that is, the housing and the slide, provides a rela
tively narrow and strong form of anchorage
extend across the housing notches, said slide
having angularly bent ?anges at the open side of
the same and. said housing having shouldered
seats in the flanges- of the same for slidingly re
adapted for small as well as large books. in which
the binder rings may be quickly and easily
entered, ‘and forms a construction which can be
readily manufactured and assembled at low cost.
I claim:
1. A binder of the character disclosed com
prising in combination, spaced binder rings, a
housing of sheet material folded longitudinally
and having notches in the folded edge of the same
spaced to receive said binder rings and a longi
tudinally folded slide operating in said housing
having notches corresponding to said notches in
the housing and hook elements at one side of said
slide notches to close the notches in the housing
and hooks at one side of said slide notches to
ceiving said slide‘ ?anges. ~
3. A binder comprising spaced binder rings,
said rings consisting each of spring strands con
nected in spaced substantial parallel relation, a
longitudinally folded housing of sheet material
having notches in the arched portion of the same
spaced in accordance with the spacing of said
binder rings and of a Width each to receive the 15
two spaced strands of one binder ring, a corre
spondingly folded slide of sheet material in fric
tional sliding engagement in said housing and
notched in the arched portion of the same to
and an angularly turned handle integrally con- 1 register with said housing notches and with pro 20
nected' with the longitudinally folded sides of said jecting portions at one side of said slide notches
slide, the material of said angularly turned handle to each extend through a pair of the ring strands
extending from the opposite folded ‘sides of said in one of the'housing notches, said spring strands
slide and bent backward therefrom beyond the of the rings being spaced su?iciently to yieldingly
arch of said folded slide to reinforce and brace and frictionally engage the opposite sides of the
said sides in their folded relation and to project notches in which they are entered, and means
beyond the arch of vthe slide.
for shifting said slide’ in the housing to extend
2. A holder for a re?ll of the character dis
said projections through the pairs of ring strands
closed comprising a longitudinally folded hous
or to retract said projections and leave said pairs
ing of sheet material having attaching ?anges of ring strands frictionally held only in the 30
at the open side of the same and notches in the notches by their spring tension;
folded edge portion of the same, a correspond
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