Патент USA US2124277код для вставки
July '19, 1938. ' - c. D. TIIRUSSELL ' 4 \ 2,124,277 ‘BINDER Filed Sept. 4, 1956 '13 20 / lI/ l ‘ k; 19 ‘i 23 ' 59 5' 25’ 27 " \i =1 I‘ 16 1 ' CLARENCE 0. 7205551: Z2 - - \NVENTQR - BY . ' ATT RNEY Patented July 19, 1938 * 2,124,277 UNITED LSTATES ‘PATENT OFFICE 2,124,27 7 BINDER ' Clarence Di. Trussell, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., as signor to Trussell Manufacturing Company, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., a ‘corporation of New York 5 5 Application September 4, 1936, Serial No. 99,353 3 Claims. This invention relates to binders and is a par tial continuation of the Clarence 'D. Trussell patent application entitled “Sectional binder”, Serial No. 77,337, ?led May 1, 1936. Particular objects of the present invention are to provide improved means for securing wire bound re?lls within a cover or other form of mounting or support. Such improvements relate mainly to facilitating the insertion and locking or 10 securing of the re?llwithin the cover structure. Other and relatedobjects are to provide a sim ple and inexpensive structure for the purpose, ‘which can be readily manufactured and assem bled, be easy to operate, and which will be en 15 tirely practical and effective. The foregoing and other desirable objects are attained in this invention by the novel features of construction, combinations and relations of parts hereinafter described and claimed. 20 The drawing accompanying and forming part of the following speci?cation illustrates one of the present preferred commercial forms of the in vention, it being understood that the structure may be modi?ed and changed as regards such 25 particular illustration, all vwithin the true intent and scope of the claims; Fig. 1 is a broken end view of one of the binders. Figure 2 is a broken cross sectional view of the same. 30 Figure 3 is a broken face View showing the binder in opened relation. Figure 4 is a broken longitudinalsectional view, substantially on the‘ center line of the binder, such as line 4—4 of Figure 3 but illustrating the operation of inserting or removing the re?ll. Figure 5 is a similar fragmentary View showing the slide element shifted to secure the re?ll in position. ~ (Cl. 281-19) 22 in the arched portions and substantially par allel sides-of an inverted U-shaped housing 23, having outwardly projecting ?anges 24 at the open side of the same, secured ?atagainst the back as by'rivets or other suitable fastenings 25. Operating in this housing there is shown a slide 26 of similar U-shaped form having notches 21 in the arched and side wall portions of the same, to register, in one position of the silde, with the notches 22 in the housing, as-in Figure 4 and, in another position of the slide, Figure 5, to be en closed within intervening solid portions 28 of the housing. At one side of the notches in the slide, hook elements 29 are provided which in the ?rst position of the slide, Figure 4, are housed and 15 concealed within the solid portions 28 of the hous ing and, in the second position of the slide, Figure 5, project across from one solid portion 28 to the next so as to bridge and close the housing slots 22. Thus, it will be seen that with the hooks retract 20 ed as in Figure 4, the rings of the re?ll l5 may be ‘ readily slipped into the housing notches 22 with out being impeded or obstructed in any way and‘ that after being'so engaged in the notches the slide may be shifted upwardly from the position 25 indicated in Figure 4 to that shown in Figure 5, to close ‘the notches by the hook portions 29 of the slide, which then extend through and secure the rings to the back. The double spring strands » I6 of the rings may yield toward each other, if necessary, to ?t closely within the receiving notches 22 and the U-shaped housing and slide may be folded to such shape of more or less re silient sheet material, and thus have a yielding spring ?t one within the other, accommodating for variations in manufacture and causing the 35 slide to operate smoothly and yieldingly hold its different positions in the housing. The double thickness of the slide also gives it desired strength In the form of the invention shown, the pages, leaves or sheets H‘) are held together by rings con ‘ and stability and reinforces the housing so that 40 nected as portions of a continuous length of spring both these parts may be made of relatively light 7 wire and made up of spaced substantially parallel inexpensive folded sheet material. To further guide the slide and to stiffen and strands I6 connected by rounded loops ll, Fig reinforce both this and the enclosing housing, ures 3 and 9, with individual strands of the ad said slide may be constructed with outstanding 45 45 joining ring elements joined by intervening con necting loops I8. This parallel strand construc tion gives the rings an inherent spring quality advantageous to the purposes of the present in vention. ’ . The holder or support for the bound leaves is shown as a book back I9 having front and back covers 20, 2|, and the connection with this sup porting member is e?ected by engaging the binder 55 rings with certain hook elements on the back. The binder rings are entered in the notches ?anges 3|] at the open side of the same, and the ' flanges 24 of the housing be made with shoul dered guideways 3| receiving these slide flanges. Lugs 32 are shown as extended from the sub stantially parallel sides of the U-shaped, slide 50 and bent outwardly beyond the arch of such slide to serve as ?nger-holds for pushing the slide in opposite directions and as stops for limiting move ment of the slide by engagement with the adjoin ing ends of the housing member. The introver 55 2,124,277 sion of these lugs in this Way also stiffens and re inforces the ends of the slide. The arched construction of the two members, ingly folded slide operating in said housing hav ing notches to register with the housing notches that is, the housing and the slide, provides a rela tively narrow and strong form of anchorage extend across the housing notches, said slide having angularly bent ?anges at the open side of the same and. said housing having shouldered seats in the flanges- of the same for slidingly re adapted for small as well as large books. in which the binder rings may be quickly and easily entered, ‘and forms a construction which can be readily manufactured and assembled at low cost. I claim: 1. A binder of the character disclosed com prising in combination, spaced binder rings, a housing of sheet material folded longitudinally and having notches in the folded edge of the same spaced to receive said binder rings and a longi tudinally folded slide operating in said housing having notches corresponding to said notches in the housing and hook elements at one side of said slide notches to close the notches in the housing and hooks at one side of said slide notches to ceiving said slide‘ ?anges. ~ ‘ 3. A binder comprising spaced binder rings, said rings consisting each of spring strands con 10 nected in spaced substantial parallel relation, a longitudinally folded housing of sheet material having notches in the arched portion of the same spaced in accordance with the spacing of said binder rings and of a Width each to receive the 15 two spaced strands of one binder ring, a corre spondingly folded slide of sheet material in fric tional sliding engagement in said housing and notched in the arched portion of the same to and an angularly turned handle integrally con- 1 register with said housing notches and with pro 20 nected' with the longitudinally folded sides of said jecting portions at one side of said slide notches slide, the material of said angularly turned handle to each extend through a pair of the ring strands extending from the opposite folded ‘sides of said in one of the'housing notches, said spring strands slide and bent backward therefrom beyond the of the rings being spaced su?iciently to yieldingly arch of said folded slide to reinforce and brace and frictionally engage the opposite sides of the said sides in their folded relation and to project notches in which they are entered, and means beyond the arch of vthe slide. 1 for shifting said slide’ in the housing to extend 2. A holder for a re?ll of the character dis said projections through the pairs of ring strands closed comprising a longitudinally folded hous or to retract said projections and leave said pairs ing of sheet material having attaching ?anges of ring strands frictionally held only in the 30 at the open side of the same and notches in the notches by their spring tension; folded edge portion of the same, a correspond CLARENCE D. TRUSSELL.