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Патент USA US2124300

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- July 19, :1938.
2,124,300
R.- N. HQULIHAN
VANITY BOX
Filed Deò. 13, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheefl
»mail
.:,5.
.,
»NVEN-ron
/
-July 19, 1938;
i
R. N. HQULIHAN4 I
n
' 2,124,300
VANITY BOX
Filed nec. 13, 1937
, 2 sheets-sheet 2
I
A
v
ATTORNEYS.
Patented July 19 ,
2,124,300 f
1938
UNITEDSTATES PATENT
ries
Rudolph N. Houlihan, Bridgeport, Conn., assign
or to The Bridgeport Metal Goods lvlarruiiac“4
turing Company, Bridgeport, Conn., a corpo
ration of Connecticut
Application December 13 , 1937, Serin No. 179,437
i2 claims. (o1. 1324-82)
This invention relates to new and useful im
provementsl in cosmetic holders and has par
ticular relation to a vanity box.
`
An object of the invention is to provide a vanity
‘5 box of neat and attractive appearance, and one
in which the hinge between the cover and body
is practically invisible and does not project be
yond the walls of thes e parts.
Another object is to. provide a vanity box
wherein the parts may be individually finished
and then assembled, no finishing operations being
required on the assembled box.
A further object is to provide a box of a con
struction which can be easily assembled and
with much less trouble than the usual construc
tions.
Other objects and advantages will‘become ap
Fig. 14 is a sectional view
taken along the line
IA-M of Fig. 13;
Fig. 15 is a View partly in section and partly
in elevation showing a spring clip for securing
the mirror closed in the modiñed construction; 1
Fig. 16 is a top plan viewfof a somewhat difier
ent construction of box with my improved con
struction applied thereto and with a portion
broken away to more clearly show the construc 15
tion;
'
Fig. 17 is a front edge view of this box;
Fig. 18 is an end elevation thereof;
Figs. 19 and 20 are detailed sections on an
embodiments of the invention are shown. How
ever, it is to be understoo d that the invention is
not limited to the details disclosed but includes
all such variations and modiñcations as fall within
the spirit of the invention and the s cope of the
Fig. 22 is an end elevation thereof;
Fig. 23 is an elevation looking from the back
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front el evational view of kmy im
proved vanity box with parts broken away;
Fig. 2` isA an enlarged sectional view there
through, the view being taken substantially along
the- line 2-4-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the body of the vanity
box ;
35
Fig. 13 is a plan View showing the cover of
Fig. 12 open;
enlarged scale substantially on line Iii-_I9 and 20
appended claims.
1.3.0
the line I2--I2 of Fig; 1;
parent from a consideration of the following de
tailed descripti on taken in connection with the
accompanying drawings wherein satisfactory
.25
modified construction vof cover, the view being
through the center of a vanity box as suggested by .
Fig. 4 is an edge elevational view of such body;
Fig. 5 is a plan view o f the frame of the box,
a portion being broken away;
Fig. 6 is a sectional view substantially along
the line 5-6 of Fig. 5, a portion of a cover being
shown;
Fig. 7 is a plan View of a powder receiving tray
employed;
Fig. 8 is a sectional view on a reduced scale
through said tray, a portion of a cover being
45 shown ass ociated therewith;
the
Fig. 9 is a sectional view through the body,
view being taken along the line 9-9of Fig. 3;
Fig. 10 is an enlarged detail sectional view
taken along the line IDI-_I0 of Fig. 1 and showing
50 the manner in which the main cover of the box is
secured;
.
Fig. 11 is a somewhat similar View but suggest
ing the manner of assembling the cover with the
frame and body;
Fig. 12 is an enlarge d sectional view showing a
55
20-20 of Fig. 16;
Fig. 21 is a plan View of a somewhat different
construction of box in the opened position;
of the box;
[13 Ul
Fig.'24 is a back edge view of the cover re
moved from the box showing the hinge pin ar
rangement;
'
' Fig. 25 is an edge view of the insert or body of
the box showing the mounting for the hingel pin;
and
Fig. 26 is a detailed section on an enlarged
scale taken substantially on line 26-26 of Fig. 23.
Referring in detail to the drawings and at first
particularly to the form of the invention shown
in Figs. 1 through 11 my improved vanity box
includes a frame II, a body I2 and a cover I3.
Cover I3 may be ornamented or colored in any
manner desired, or may be entirely free of orna
mentation.
n
Frame II is generally rectangular and includes
front and back portions or walls I4 and I5 and
a pair of similarinverted U-shaped side portions
I6 and I1. The frame is open through from top
to bottom, and the inner arms I8 of the U-shapedl
portions deiine th-e sides of the opening.
It is
noted that such inner arms I8 (Fig. 6) are
slightly shorter than the outer arms I9 >of the
U-shaped portions andA that such inner arms stopshort of the rear or back portion or wall I5
(Figs. 10 and 11) .
« `
1
For a purpose laterto be described a catch 20
is mounted on the frame II and comprises a
U-shaped spring member 2| arranged between
the arms I8 and I9 of the U-shaped side portion
0
2
2,124,300
Il as best shown in Figs. 2 and 5. The wall I8
of such portion has a pair of slots therein and
portions I6 and I‘I the hinge pin is completely
one end portion of spring member 2| carries a
Ordinarily the powder tray 30 is next inserted
into the body through the lower open side there
of, but if preferred it may be inserted from the
front either before or after the body I2 is in
serted in the frame."A The tray enters the body
and is confined laterally by the inner walls I8
of the frame portions I6 and I'i, and while the
tray may thus have a friction ñt its front and 10
rear edges may be snapped under the nubs 2`I
U-shaped part 22 the upper and lower arms of
which extend through such slots (Fig. 2) to
normally project at the inner side thereof. Ob
viously the part 22 may be pressed back into the
channel of the U-shaped portion Il by pressing
inwardly with a thumb on the upper free edge
thereof, but it will also be clear that spring mem
ber 2l is constantly urging the part 22 into pro
jected position.
'
Body I2 is rectangular and includes a bottom
wall 23, front and rear walls 24 and 25 and side
walls 25 (Figs. 3, 4 and 9). The front and rear
walls 24 and 25 have small nubs or lugs 2l struck
up therefrom for a purpose to be set forth, and
the front wall 24 also has a bead 28 formed to
extend inwardly therefrom. As shown best in
Fig. 4 the side walls 26 are substantially cut away
between their end portions. On the upper edges
of the end portions of the rear wall small in
wardly curved lugs 23 are formed and such lugs
provide nesting means for the engagement with
and confining of the hinge pin 42 of cover I3 as
will appear.
’
Body I2 is adapted to receive a tray 30 for
the reception of powder either in loose or cake
form. Such tray includes edge and bottom walls
3l and 32 of which one of the edge walls has
a cover 33 hinged thereto as at 34. Such
cover cooperates with a felt or other compressible
sealing means 35 carried by a rectangular mem
ber 36 formed of sheet metal of angle cross sec
tion and having the felt 35 about the outer side
thereof whereby when the member is within the
tray the sealing material 35 is somewhat com
pressed between the upright portions of the angle
member and the sides of the tray. Sufficient of
the material is used so that it projects above the
vertical portions of the angle member to be en
gaged and partly compressed by the cover 33
when the latter is in closed position.
When loose powder is placed in the tray 30 the
sealing material 35 serves to prevent escape of
the powder about the edges of the cover and in
addition prevents the escape of the powder .be
tween the angle member 36 and the sides >of the
tray. Should the tray be supplied with powder
in theform of a molded cake the cover BSmay be
omitted, but when the cover is used the puff or
other applicator for the powder may be disposed
on the top or upper side of the cover when it is
in closed position.
"
'
The main cover I3 is here shown as including a
mirror 3l secured to the cover by having its edge
portions received in a frame 38 which in turn has
its edge portions confined within the inturned
edge portions 39 of the sheet metal cover portion
48. Along its rear edge cover I3 is providedwith
a tubular portion 4I carrying a hinge pin `Í42
projecting beyond both side edges of the cover as
shown in Figs. 1 and 6.
'
All the parts may be constructed as shown and
ygiven the desired finishing operations before the
vanity box is assembled. In the assembly the
cover I3 is inserted through Vthe open frame II
from the under side thereof and the extending
ends of the hinge pin 42 are located in the
70 U-shaped side portions I 6 and I ‘I of the frame.
That is, the projecting end portions `of the hinge
pin are passed inwardly of the frame across
the short ends of the inner arms or walls I8 of
the portions I6 and I 'I as suggested in Fig. 11.
Thus as the cover fills the space between such
concealed as will be seen from Figs. 6, 10 and 12.
to further serve as means preventing the tray
falling from the body when the cover I3 is open.
When the tray is within the body one of the edges
of the tray is under the lower edge of catch part 15
22 and such catch part serves to maintain the
tray cover 33 in closed position as in Fig. 2.
Obviously part 22 may be pressed inwardly
against the action of spring 2l when cover 33
is to be opened.
20
The body I2 is moved into the frame through
the lower open side thereof. In this operation
care is taken that the lugs 29 on the rear wall
of the body enter the spaces between the Walls
I8 andk I 9 of the portions I6 and I‘I, and such 25
lugs being curved at their upper or free ends as
described and shown engage the projecting end
portions of the hinge pin (see Fig. 10) and con
fine the same against the juncture of the rear
wall I5 of the frame and the upper or connecting 30
parts of the portions I6 and I‘I. In this way the
cover is hinged to the box without the use of
rivets or the like and in such manner that no
hinge projects beyond the edges of the box as the
hinge is completely concealed.
The body has a friction fit in the frame as the
sides of the body engage the sides of the frame.
If desired the frame may have the nubs or lugs
43 struck from the inner surface thereof in such
manner as not to form openings therein and
these nubs may serve to assist in maintaining 40
the body in the frame. However, it will be ap
parent that there is no lancing etc. of the frame
or other parts in such manner as to have any
disiiguration show at the outer side of the vanity
box. Further it will be clear that in the event
any refinishing is to be done the box may be
readily taken apart.
In the modification shown in Figs. 12 through
15 all of the structure including the mounting of f
the main cover on the box is the same as that of
Figs. 1 through 1l, the entire modification being
concerned with the construction of the main
cover of the box. The modified construction of
cover generally designated 44 comprises a frame
45 secured in place by having its edges confined 55
under the inturned edges 46 of the outer portion
v41 of the cover. Frame 45 is of sheet metal, and
when secured to the portion 41 defines a pair of
compartments 48 and 49 at the under side of the
cover. One of such compartments may receive 60
rouge and the other an applicator therefor, or if
desired each may receive a cosmetic and an
applicator.
A frame 50 carrying a metal mirror 5I ex
posed at each of the front and back of such 65
frame is hinged to frame 45 at 52. When the
vanity is closed the mirror 5I constitutes a cover
for the compartments 48 and 49, and considering
such to be the closed position of mirror 5I it
70
may be secured in closed position by means of a
clip 53 located at the fcrwardend of the frame 45.
Such clip comprises a length of flat springmetal
having its end portions bent to extend outwardly
through the edge portions of frame V45 providing 75
3
2,124,300
spring ñngers 54 adapted to clamp the mirror 5I
in its closed position.
When the cover 44 is swung to open position
the cover 33 is exposed and one side of mirror 5l
is available for use. When the mirror is swung
to open position as in Fig. 13 the other si-de
thereof is exposed for use, and at this time the
compartments 48 and Iii) and their contents are
available. As the vmirror is closed its edges snap
10 between the spring fingers 54, and the main cover
carries a bead-like part 55 (Fig. 12) to engage
with the bead 28 on the body l2> when the said
main cover> is in closed position whereby to re
tain it in such position against casual opening.
A thumb piece 5S facilitates lifting of the front
edge of the cover for opening it.
In Figs. 16 to 20 inclusive is shown a slightly
different construction of box involving the same
arrangement for mounting the cover. This box
20 comprises a body member 51 having bottom, rear
and front walls 58, 59 and 60 respectively, but
open at its opposite end or side edges. Hinged
to this body is a cover 6! which has a forward
wall 62 extending down over the front wall 60 of
the body. In this construction vthere are frame
members 63, although in this arrangement they
`are separate members and not connected by side
walls _as in the first form.
The front, rear and
bottom walls of the body however project beyond
30 the si-de edges of the cover 6l and the frame
members 53 are cupped or U-shaped in cross
section and are telescoped over these projecting
walls of the body.
The projecting portions of
the rear wall 59 are curved inwardly at their
35 upper edges as shown at 5ft to form seats for the
projecting ends 65 of the hinge pin 66 which is
mounted in a rolled over loop E1 formed in> the
rear edge of the cover 6l. It will be seen from
Figs. lôìand 19 that the cover may be assembled
to the body by seating the projecting ends 65 of
4.0' the hinge pin in these nesting bearings 64 and
then telescoping the frame members 63 over the
projecting ends of the bodies. As will be seen
from Figs. 16 and 19 the walls of these frame
members will hold the projecting ends of the
hinge pin in these bearings 64 and thus the cover
is hinged to the body. It will be seen that with
this arrangement the hinge is entirely within the
outline of the box the same as in the first form
retain thepowder in the container, a spring
catch 16 being provided to hold the closure in
closed position. The box includes a cover 11
which may carry another powder container simi
lar to the construction of Fig. 12, but as shown Ul
it carries a mirror 18 held in the cover by a
frame 19. The edge of the rear wall 80 of this
cover is rolled inwardly as shown at 8| to hold
a hinge pin or pins 82, and as this ledge is rolled
inwardly it will be seen it does not project out
wardly beyond the surface of the wall 80. In
this present arrangement instead of the end of
the hinge pin or pins extending in a straight
line from the ends of the loop in the cover they
are bent downwardly and inwardly as indicated
at 8.3. The rear wall 84 of the body 1I is pro
vided with grooves 85 pressed inwardly in the
wall to receive these end portions 83 of the hinge
pin and then this body 1I is telescoped within the
frame 1li. In this position the rear wall 86 of this
frame will lie over the open sides of these grooves
85 as shown in Fig. 26 and retain these free ends
of the hinge pin in these grooves and thus pivotally secure the body to the cover of the box
as in the other forms. To accommo-date the
inwardly extending loop Blof the cover the up
per corner or edge of the body 1| may be recessed
inwardly as shown at 81 to receive this loop 8l.
The hinge pin may be a single pin extending the
full length of the loop 8l and having the free
ends 83, or if _preferred it may comprise two
short lengths bent to substantially U-shape. It
will be seen- from Fig.l 26 the hinge «does not
10
k15
`
25.
30
project outwardly` beyond the surface of the
frame and therefore the hinge is effectively con 35
cealed and there is no projecting hinge as in
the usual box construction. The frictional en
gagement between the body 1l` and the frame 1|]
will retain these elements in telescoping engage
ment. I-Iowever, rif >a morepermanent connec 40
tion between them is desired lugs 88 may be
lanced inwardly from the walls of the frame into
openings ‘or recesses in the body as described in
connection with Figs. 16 to 20. A spring catch 89
may be provided onthe body and frame cooper~ 45
ating with the recess or notch 90 in the cover
to retain the cover in closed position.
`
As thepresent vanity body is put together
without the use of rivets or other similar fasten
and no part of the hinge therefore projects be--
ing means and without the use of a press or 50
yond the box and the hinge is effectively con
cealed. The frictional action between the pro
v jecting ends of the body, walls and frame members
will retain the frame members in position. I-Iow
ever, if a more permanent connection is required
after the assembly of the parts. ‘ Further atten
tion is calledto the fact that no lancing or simi
lar features are required to be used so as to 55
for the frame members they may be provided
with small lugs 68 lanced inwardly from the walls
of the frame member into openings 69 in the
walls of the body. This box maybe used for
the like, each part may be separately finished
prior to the assembly and no finishing is required
show at the outer side of the completed box,
although such devices may be used if it is desired
to more permanently secure the members to
gether.
Obviously either of the covers shown
different purposes, as vanity or to hold various
may be used since they are mounted in the same 60
way. In all forms shown the hinge between the
hold a watch or other jewelry.
cover and the body is completely concealed, and
as there are no projections at the edges of
the box,v a very neat and attractive article 1s
.60 articles, or it may have inserts (not shown) to
In the modification shown in Figs. 21 to 26
the same principle is used for mounting the
hinged cover. In this construction the box com
65 prises a frame 1!) in which is inserted a body 1|
these two members having telescoping engage
ment. The body or insert 1I may provide a con
tainer for loose powder similar to the construc~
tion ofFig. 2. This body may be cupped to form
70
a recess in which is inserted a rectangular memÑ
ber 12 formed of Sheet metal of angle cross sec
tion similar to the member 36 of Fig. 2 forming
a channel to receive a packing 13 cooperating
with
a closure 14 hinged to the body at 15 to
75
65
provided. l
Having thus set forth the nature of my inven~
tion, what I claim is:`
'
l. In a vanity box including a` Cover and a
frame comprising hollow portions at each side
edge of the cover, a hinge pin carried by the 70
cover and extending into each of said side por
tions, a body within said frame, and nesting
means on said body and engaging and confining
the extending portions of said pin against said
frame portions.
`
75
4
2,124,300
2. In a vanity box, a frame including side,
front and rear portions and top portions at the
junctures of said side and rear portions, a body
within the frame, a cover, a hinge pin carried by
the cover and having its ends extending under
said top portions whereby said ends are com
pletely concealed, and nesting means carried by
said body and confining the ends of said pin
against the junctures of said top and rear por
10 tions of the frame.
3. In a vanity box, a frame having inverted
U-shaped side portions the inner arm of each of
which stops short of the rear part of the frame,
a cover closing the space between said side por
tions, a hinge pin carried by said cover and ex
tending at its ends into said portions across the
ends of the short arms thereof, a body in said
frame, and preformed nesting means on said body
and engaging and confining the end portions of
20 the hinge pin within said U-shaped frame por
tions.
4. In a vanity box, a rectangular frame having
inverted U-shaped side portions the inner arms
of which stop short of the rear of the frame, said
portions having their outer and upper arms
forming a closed corner with the rear of the
frame, a cover closing the space between said
side portions, a hinge pin on the cover and pro
jecting beyond each side edge thereof and having
30 its ends crossing the ends of the short arms of
said inverted U-shaped portions and entering
said closed corners, a body in the frame and in
cluding parts entering said inverted U-shaped
portions through the open lower sides thereof,
and means on such parts of the body and en
gaging and confining the ends of such hinge pin
in said closed corners to hingedly mount the
and rear walls forming such closed corners
whereby the cover is hingedly mounted.
'7. A vanity box comprising an open rectangular
frame having opposite side portions of substan
tially inverted U-shape in cross section provid
ing outer and inner spaced walls, a body having
a bottom wall and side walls telescoping into the
said outer walls of the frame, a holder for powder
telescoping within the inner walls of the frame,
and a hinged cover closing the upper side of the 10
frame.
8. A vanity box comprising an open rectangular
frame having opposite side portions of substan
tially inverted U-shape in cross section providing
outer and inner spaced walls and top walls con
necting them, a body having a bottom wall and
also side walls telescoping into the said outer
15
walls of the frame, a cover for the upper open
side of theframe, a hinge pin for the cover pro
jecting beyond said inner walls and lying against 20
the said top walls, and means on the body form
ing seats for said pin on the opposite sides thereof
from the top walls.
9. A vanity box comprising an open rectangu
lar frame having opposite side portions of sub 25
stantially inverted U-shape in cross section pro
viding outer and inner spaced Walls and top walls
connecting them, a cover for the upper open side
of the frame, .a hinge pin for the cover project
ing beyond said inner walls and positioned at the 30
under side of said top walls, a body having a
bottom wall and also having side walls telescoping
into said outer walls of the frame, means on said
body forming seats for said pin on the opposite
side thereof from the top wall, and a powder 35
container telescoping within the inner walls ofy
the frame.
cover on the frame.
5. In a vanity box, a body, a cover for the
body, a frame attached to said cover and form
10. A box of the character described compris
ing a body, frame members at the opposite side
ing a compartment at the under side thereof,
means hinged to an end portion of said frame
and adapted to be disposed over said compart
ment to- close the same, a flat spring extending
across the under side of said frame adjacent the
end thereof opposite said hinge, and said spring
therewith, a cover, a hinge pin carried by the
cover and extending at the opposite ends of the
cover into said frame members, and said body
being provided with nesting means to receive
said ends and provide bearings therefor and con
fining said ends between said nesting means and 45
a wall »of the frame members.
11. A box of the character described compris
ing a body member having end portions provided
with recesses, a cover for the body having a hinge
having its ends bent and extending upwardly
through the edge portions of said frame to en
gage the edges of said means to releasably secure
it in position extending over said compartment.
6. In a vanity box, a rectangular frame having
inverted U-shaped side portions, said portions
having their outer and upper arms forming a
closed corner with the rear of the frame, a cover
closing the space between said side portions, a
hinge pin `on the cover and projecting beyond
each side edge thereof and having its ends enter
ing said closed corners, a body in the frame and
including parts entering said inverted U-shaped
60 portions through the open lower sides thereof,
and curved lugs on the upper edges of such parts
and comprising nesting means engaging and
partly embracing such ends of the hinge pin and
holding them against the junctures of the upper
edges-of the body having telescoping engagement
»pin projecting from the opposite ends thereof and 50
seated in said recesses, and frame members tele
scoping over the end portions of the body and
having walls retaining the pin in said recesses to
connect the cover to the body.
12. A box of the character described compris
ing a body having recesses in a rear wall, a
cover having a hinge comprising projecting pin
portions seated in said recesses, and a frame tele
scoping with the body and having walls extend
ingover said recesses to retain the projecting pin 60
portions therein to secure the cover to the body.
RUDOLPH N. HOULIHAN.
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