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Патент USA US2124304

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'July 19, 193s._
2,124,304
' v. LOMBAR'm
KNITTING MACHINE
Filed April 28, 1956
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
57.5
Í
£3/ 22 47
/mmy' Vlam
ATTORNEY
July 19, 1938. '
n
v
v. LOMBARDI
2,124,304
_ KNITTING, MACHINE
Filed April 2s, 195e
4 sheets-sheet 2
32
.71ml ßjágÉ/yfefdf ~á a
É’YWw/Mi, mm
ATTORNEY
vJuly 19, 1938.
-
v. LOMBARDI
-
2,124,304
KNITTING MACHINE
Filed April 28, 1956
QJ@mlK
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
July 19, 1938.
V. LOMBARDI
2,124,304
KNITTING MACHINE
Filed April 28, 1956 .
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
ATTORNEY
los
"
’ 2,124,304
' marmo. _nimma .
Vincent Lombardi, Garden City, N. Y., assigner
to Lombardi Knitting Machine Go., Inc., New
York, N. Y.. a corporation of New _York
Application nom 2s, 193s, _serial no. 76,154
31 Claims.
(Cl. tti-5t)
'This invention relates to knitting machines and '
' to knitting elements adapted for use therein.
'
.
' .
'
5
Fig. 13 is a view similar to Fig. 1, illustrating>
another modiiication;
.
-An object _of the invention is to provide a slm-
« Figs. ld and l5 are views similar to Figs._l and
ple and eiîective- machine for the production of
4 respectively,` illustrating stillvanother type of
5 patterned knitted fabrics of -a wide variety of -machine embodying the invention;
`
10
types.
Fig. 16 is a view similar to Fig. 1 illustrating
-
Another object of the invention is the provision in a knitting machine of means for the
another modification;
Fig. v17 isla similar view illustrating another
selective positioning of Ineedles or other knitting
l0 elements, which means is of such character that
' form of machine embodying the invention;
`
‘ Fig. 18 is a- fragmentary perspective view illus- 15 '
'the knitting -elements may be readily and ef. fectively manipulated to produce fabrics embodying desirable types of patternvedects and that
the possibility of breakage of any of the parts
15 .is minimized;
illustrating a further modification;
>
Figs. 20, 21, 22. and 23 are views taken in ver
tical section thru a portion of another form of 20
,o A further object is the provision of a knitting
machine embodying the invention and showing
element particularly adapted 'for a highly de_-
the Darts in different positions; and .
sirable type kof selective positioning.
~f
trating the cam' of Fig. `l‘l;
«_
Fig. 19 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view
’
'
Other objects of the invention will in part _be
Fig. 24 is a sectional view along the line 25-24
of Fig. 22.
20 obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.
Irl-the production of design fabrics, knitting _20
The invention omcorglinglyv 'comprises the feg.> machines utilizingselective mechanism includ
tures of construction, combinations oli elements,
and arrangement of parts, which will be exempliñed in the constructions hereinafter setforth and
25 the scope of the application of which will be
intimated in the claims,
_
-
ing en inclined Pattern Wheel is Commonly em
plßyed. The ordinary pattern wheel. however.
is eîï’eciìive t0 impart Only e relatively Small m0veVmerli; t0 the needles.'a!1d f01‘ .this reason sepa- 25
_ 'rating cams are commonly utilized to impartv
For a fuller understanding of the nature and'V additional movement to some or all of the se--.
objects of the invention, reference should lie-had
toY the following detailed description taken in
30> connection with the accompanying drawings, in
which:
>
lected needles In Spille 0f Various DreeautiOns
that 'have been utilized. considerable diñiculty
has been experienced du@ t0 the tendency 0f 30
needles becoming misplaced from time to time
Figure 1 is a view taken in vertical section
and jamming against the Separating Cams. with
thru aportion of a machine embodying the in- o the necessity of Stopping a machine while the
. vention;
35
40'
_
damage is repaired.
Proposals have been‘made
Fig. 2 is a similar'view taken thru a diiïerent
needle slot, and showing the parts in a diüerent
.for the Provision 0f Pattern Wheels having a de“ 35 l
gre@ 0f inclination Sumcient t0 impart larger
position;
Fl . 3 is a view similar to-Fig. 1, showin the
movements to the needles, but these have not at
tained a Wide range of utility'ue
paris5 in Stm another position;
o With the foregoing and other diiilculties in
_»
,g
-
Fig. 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic side view ' ‘View’ the present invention contemplates the pro' 40
_
_
showing the operating parts and illustrating the
needle positioning;î .
o
v
.
'
Fig' 4a is a detail View Similar to Fig’ »1 show'
’
_
-
different positions;
»
curring after a selective positioning of the knit
ting elements will be positive and certain in op- 45 __
eration
_ ' In accordance with the invention there may loeV
' provided knitting-element-means at leastl a por
Figs. 6, '7, and 8 are similarl views showing th
50p arts in
its aspects, of knitting elements therefor, of
,
such character that separating movements
ocrA
ing almodmed form of construction;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1, illustrating
¿a modified form of machine -embodying the invention;
vision of knitting machines, and, in certain of
_
tion of which is adapted for longitudinal move
-
ment in response to _the >action thereon by se-_50
Figs. 9, 1_0, and 11 are enlarged fragmentary ~1ective means'such as a pattern wheel, and »at
transverse sectional views thru the pattern wheel 'least a portion of which is .adapted to be moved
of Figs. 5-8;
.
_
,
ß
_ '
.
Fig. l2 is a view similar to Fig. 4 illustrating
_ 55 the operation of the machine of Figs. 5-11;
laterally during such selective action.
The knit
ting element means may consistlof a single knit
ting element such for instance as a needle, or 55
2
a,124,so4
a plurality of cooperating elements, as will be
hereinafter exemplified. The lateral movement
comprehend a series of members-such for ex
ample as needles-With which other members
of the laterally movable portion of the-knitting
element may be caused by a camming action be
tween the knitting element and a portion of the
such for example as needles--are interspersed,
needle bed in response to longitudinal movement
of the knitting element; by a camming action
In the form of construction particularly ex
empliñed in Figs. 1' thru 4, there‘ is provided a
as well as a series the members of„which are
juxtaposed.
between the knitting element and associated part
’in response to longitudinal’movement of the
needle bed in the form of a stationary needle
cylinder 5 which may be of the conventional
î10 part; by a resilient action of the knitting ele type, and means comprising supports 6 and 1 10
ment portion in response to longitudinal move
which are rotatable about the same. The cylin
ment of the portion, or by other suitable arrange
der 5 is formed with a vseries of slots 8 in which
ment whereby a portion moves laterally in re
there are provided knitting-element-means con
sponse to longitudinal movement imparted to sisting in. the present instance of knitting ele- .
another portion. A cam or other actuating .ele- n ments 9 in the form of needles which, as ex 15
ment acts on those of the laterally .movable emplified, are of the usual latch type, although>
_ portions which are suitably positioned laterally,
other types of needles such as beard needles
to impart the desired operative movement there
may b_e provided if desired. Each needle is pro
to and passes those laterally movable portions- vided with a butt portion Ill.~ Certain of these
which are otherwise positioned. Such means _butt portions, in the present instance, are ofthe 204
may be'operative merely to either pass or actu
shape indicated at Il and include an extension
ate'the portions to a given extent. When de
l2 providing long butts for the needles, and
sired, however, there may be provided in> ac
others of which, as indicated at '|3, are without
cordance with the invention an arrangement- these extensions and provide >a. short butt for
wherein the laterally movable portion is movable the needles. The long-butt and the short-butt
.between a multiplicity of lateral positions, a plu
needles are interspersed about the cylinder.
rality of which are such that the portion may be They may be arranged in alternation or- in
actuated differently, depending upon which of
said plurality of positions the portion is in.
30
In accordance with the invention also means
may be provided whereby dial needles and simi
lar knitting elements may be selectively actu
ated with particular definiteness.
»
kWhile fabrics in which the yarnl is laid in,
welt stitch fabrics, plural-yarn “interlock” fab
groups of one, two, three, etc. Long-butt or
short-butt needles may, indeed, be interspersed
in any of ay variety of manners,---one form of
arrangement being indicated in Fig. 4.
' A suitable number >of yarn feeds I4 are ar
ranged to rotate about the cylinder with the sup
ports 6 and 1. Following each yarn feed there
are provided actuator means for the needles. 35
rics, suchas shown in my Patents Nos. 1,541,230, Such means, in the present instance, is carried
1,728,293, 1,728,294, etc., and other design fabrics _ on _the support 6, and comprises a. stitch cam l5,
have been made on different machines; the mak
an inclined pattern 'Wheel I6, actuating means
ing of such fabrics successively on a single ma
in the form of an advancing cam I1', and a long
chine has commonly necessitated the replace
butt actuating cam I8. The pattern wheel is.
ment of parts. Inasmuch> as it is often desirable arranged to operate upon the lower surface I!
to include such types of knitting in Y a single
of the butt portions IIJ of -the needles and to
fabric, or to knit fabrics >embodying such types either pass a needle or to move it longitudinally
of knitting in rapid succession, the invention also >from a position A to a position B in the usual
contemplates the provision of mechanism Where
manner, and thus serves as selecting means for
by the foregoing and other types of fabrics may the needles. The cam ll'serves to act on por
`be produced in succession without stopping the tions 20, hereinafter to be described, of the se
machine or replacing any of its parts.
lected needles to advance certain of the needies
While the invention iinds its more ready adap
from the position B to a tucking position C. The
tation in circular knitting machines having a cam I'I carries an adjustable member 2| which,
stationary needle cylinder, it is to be understood when in the upper position shown in full lines,
that it is adapted for use in. machines wherein will cause the selected needles to be advanced
the needle bed is of any' of a variety of types fully to a' knitting position D. When the c_ain
and is either stationary or movable. While the portion 2l is in the lowerl position, indicated by
knitting elements particularly exemplified _are the dot-dash lines, the cam I'I will act only to
latch needles, it is to be understood that the in
raise the needlesto the tucking position. The
vention is adapted. for use in connection with the cam-portion 2l may be’ adjusted manually, or
operation of a variety of types of knitting ele
the pin 22 may extend outwardly so as to be op
ments including beard needles, jacks, sinkers, erated automatically at various periods in the
etc. Again while the invention finds its most -, `operation of the'machine, as by the usual type
ready adaptationin machines arranged for the of pattern chain mechanism. The cam Il is
operation of all the needles (or _other knitting pivotally mounted and is arranged, when in the
elements) in accordance with the invention; it full line position shown in Fig. 4, to"`act on those
is to be understood that, without departing from ~ of the unselected needles which have long-butts
' the scope of the invention in its broader aspects,
and to advance these from the position A to the
needles (or other knitting elements) operated in position C. When in the dot-dash _line position,
other well known or desired ways may be pro
it will not act on the needles. The cam_ I8 is
vided in certain parts of a. machine embodying- carried on a rod 24, which may be turned manu
the invention and may be interspersed with nee
ally to swing the cam, or may be operated auto
~ dles (or'other knitting elements) operated in ac
matically as by pattern chain mechanism of the 70
cordance with theV invention; and it is to be usual type.
,
particularly understood that the terms “series of
There is also provided in the present instance
knitting-element-means", “series of knitting elc
a cam 25 similar to the cam I8 but arranged to
ments”, “series of needles”, “series of sinkers”, operate, when in the full line operative position,
and the like, as used in the appended claims on the surfaces i9 of all the butt portions. This 75
2,124,804
cam may be swung by a rod 2,6 between an operf
atlve and an inoperative position as indicated by
the dotted and vfull lines respectively so as to
place all the needles when .desired in the fully
advanced position D. The rod 26 may be oper
ated similarly tc the rod 24;
.
_
3 .
adapted to be engaged by the cam l1 Vwhen a por- tion- 21 is in` an outwardposi'tion, but not when a
portion/21 is in an inward position. `Accordingly
the surfaces 20 of those needles which are ad?vanced by the pattern wheel will be engaged by
the cam l1, whereas the lower parts `of the
- As will be apparent, for any single type of selec
tion` of the needles of a given yarn feed, as by a
vneedles which are received in the slots of the pat
pattern wheel with a particular type of cutting,
behind the cam il.
The needles’ selected by the pattern wheel may be
of the needles be formed with lower portions of
the character exemplified, but some of them 'may
-10 there may be produced a variety of design stitches. .
moved into túcking position by the 'cam il so that
the selected needles will catch the yarn but not
knit, and they unselected needles will pass the
yarn, asin the formation of a laid-in fabric. ' The
selected needles maybe moved into knitting posi
` tion where they will receive the yarn and knit, and
the unselected needles left in a retracted position
tern wheel and not advanced will ride entirely
’
>As will be apparent, it is not-essential that allI 10
be of any ordinary or suitable form. However, by _
forming all of the needles as exemplified, a greater
flexibility of design is obtained than when .ordi 15
nary needles are utilized at certain points.
‘
The modification of Fig. da, is generally similar
to Figs. 1-4, except that’ the knitting element
where they will not receive the yarn, as in the is aneedle jack. The parts corresponding to
.20 formation of a welt stitch fabric. The selected those of Figs. l-4 are given the same reference 20
needles may be moved into knitting position, and.'v » characters with primes attached thereto. Thus,`
9' is the jack, while each needle 9" has a butt
it' certain interspersed ones of these being long
vbutts
i2’ and the others being short-butts. i3’.
of the unselected -needles having short-butts are Each jack
has a butt it”, the lower surface it' of
left in a retracted position, as in the formation of
"interiock” fabric'of the general character of that which is operated upon by the pattern wheel i6’
described in my below noted patents. All the in the manner of Figs. 1_4. The lower ends of
" needles may be advanced toknitting position. the jacks have portions 2l' >for lateral movement
by means of the cam surface 28' in the manner
`Other variations may be obtained. By the pro
vision ci a plurality of yarn feeds and suitable of the elements of Fig. i. The cam-engaging
cuttings on the pattern `wheels which will cause faces 2t' correspond to 2@ of Fig. 1 and when
various needles to knit-at- diüerent yarn feeds, projected in the path of cam il impart a motion
to the jack and needle in the manner of Figs. 1_4.
there may be provided a single or double “inter
lock” fabric, such as exemplified in my Patents Spring- 3i’ of conventional form may be used ‘to
35 Nos. 1,541,230, 1,728,293,"1,728,294, etc. There normally retain the jacks in the slots.
_Instead of the laterally movable portion of the
' ' may also be provided a laid-in fabric wherein at
knitting element-means being movable to only
one yarn feed certain of the needles are in re
tracted position and the remainder of the needles _one lateral position in response to the longitudinal
are in tucking position and at a succeeding yarn movement of a portion of the‘rneans, the laterally
those ofthe unselected needles having long-butts
may be moved into tucking position. While those
'
40 feed all of the needles are arranged to knit, or a
welt stitch fabric wherein at one yarn feed certain
of the needles are in fully advanced position and
` .the remaining needles in retracted position and
wherein the latter needles are advanced at one
45 or more of successive yarn feeds.
The exempli
movable portion may be movable to any of a
plurality of lateral positions so that it will be
actuated in different ways depending on which
of these plurality of positions it is moved to. An
arrangement of this character is shown in
-Figs. 5 thru l2, wherein the parts are gen
ñed arrangement >is also adapted for the knitting -erally similar _to the parts shown in Figs.
of a wide variety of types of design fabrics, as 1 thru 4,- and are designated by similar reference
well as for the knitting of .plain Jersey fabric.> numerals carrying the subscript a. In this ar
Moreover, as willbe apparent, all these types of rangement the needles 9a arel all'forme’d with
similar butt portions lila which may be actuated
50 knittings maybe included in a single piece of to move the needles longitudinally a plurality of 50
goods by a suitable operation of the yadjustable
.cams and without change of- the pattern wheels different extents as by means such as exemplified
.or other selecting means, with the result that in my co-pending application, lSerial No. 18,091,`
patterned fabrics having> features impossible ñled April 25, 1935, or by other means which may
Without
such an arrangement may be readily and be of any known or suitable type. In the form 55
55
'i effectively secured.
Besides the portions of the needles at I9 which
are adapted to be selectively acted upon_and
selectively moved a short longitudinal distance
by the pattern wheel,_. the needles, in accordance
with the present invention', are, as exempliiied,
formed with portions 21 at their lower ends which»
are adapted for lateral movement in response .to
exemplified the pattern wheel .lßa comprises an
upper plate 3l and a lower plate 32 providing
teeth `33 with slots therebetween for» the recep
tion of the needle ybutts and of needle-butt actu
ators. Two types of such actuators are provided. 60
.One type, asindicated at 34, projects only slight
ly from the body of the pattern wheel so that its -` A'
period of engagement with a butt Ilia during the
.- the selective longitudinal movement, the needles rotation of the pattern wheel will be short. ' _The
other type shown at 35 projects further from
.65 being formed at their rear vedges with cam sur
faces 28 extending under a portion 29 of the the. body of the’pattern wheel so that it will ex
-cylinder when the needles are in a retracted posi»` tend further under the butt and will be in con- -. `
" tion and adapted to cause the portion E1' of a `tact therewith for a longer period during the
vneedle to be cammed outwardly when ythis needle rotation of the pattern -wheel and will thus ad- .
zo is selected,I and moved _longitudinally by lthe pat
tern wheel. As will be seen', this. outward,l---lat-
. eral--~, movement of the needle accompanies.
Vance the needle` toal further extent’than an
Aactuator 341 -Empty slots, actuators ’_34, and
actuators 35 maybe interspersed or. otherwise
the longitudinal movement thereof bythe pattern
,arranged about the periphery of the pattern .- .. *Y
wheel. The lportions 21 of the needles are Aalso
formed with a cam-engaging or ffbutt” surface 2li
wheel in any- desired manner, one arrangement
will be apparent from the operation indicated in
4
2,124,804
f
Fig. 12. The lower portions 21a are formed in
vthe ~present instance with a cam surface 28a
which, as exemplified, comprises a sloping surface
stances where the provision of a cam which ex
portion 36, a sloping surface portion 31 and an
intermediate :dat surface portion 33. There is
desirable, there may be provided an arrangement
wherein the lateral movement of the knitting ele
It will furthermore be appreciatedthat in in
tends between needle-butt positions is not un
also provided, besides a cam-engaging shoulder - ment is only of a single extent and wherein addi-I .
20a, an additional cam-engaging shoulder 20aa tional selective action is obtained by differences
spaced from the shoulder 20a. These'shoulders in longitudinal movement. In Figs. 14 and 15
vare adapted when in anoutward position to be there is shown an'arrangement similar to that
10 engaged by a cam 39 which serves to advance of Figs. 5-12, but of this nature. In these iig 10
the needles. As will be apparent, when a needle
is advanced a short distance from the position
E to the -position F, as by an actuator 34, the sur
ures similar reference numerals are utilized, but
with the subscript c. A pattern wheel I6c sim
ilar to the pattern wheel l6a is utilized to ad
face Zilaa -Will be in position to be engaged by - vance the needles to either of two different posi
the cam 39, but the surface 24a will still be at the tions.` The lower end 21c of the selected needles
rear of the cam. Accordingly the cam will ad
will be moved laterally by engagement of the
vance the needle from the position F to a tucking needle bed by a single shortsloping'surface 29o
position H. When, howeventhe needle is ad
on the needles. When a needle is moved longi
vanced a longer distance from the position'E to tudinally only a short distance, a cam-engaging
20 the position G, as by the actuator 35, then the
cam will engage the surface 20a and will move
the needle to fully advanced knitting position I.
By the provision of the ñattened; portion 33 of
surface Zlicc will be engaged by a cam 39e, and 20
the needle advanced to tucking position thereby,
but a cam-engaging surface 20c will ride beneath
this cam. On theA other hand, when a needle is
the rear surface 29a, assurance is had that the f advanced a longer distance by the pattern wheel,
25 needle will be accurately positioned for the en
the surface 20c will beengaged and the needle
gagement of the surface 20a@ by the cam. It will advanced to knitting position thereby.
be appreciated, however, that in certain instances
InA accordance with the invention in its broad
the surface 29a may slope continuously. ‘ It will `er aspects moreover, the portion of the knitting
likewise be appreciated that in accordance with element-means which is moved longitudinally
vso the invention in its broader aspects, the needle need not be integral with the portion of the knit
bed may be formed -with a sloping surface at that ' ting-element-means which is moved laterally,
portion which is >contacted by a laterally movable but the knitting-element-means may consist of
portion of the needles, such as 2li and 21a, it be
portions in the form of separate cooperating ele
ing possible that needle surfaces 29, 3b, and 31 ments. Constructions of this nature are shown
-355 for instance, may have a single point contact in Fig. 1,6 and Figs. 20-24. InFig. 16 there is
with a sloping surface on that portion of the shown a needle 43 having a butt- 43 adapted to
needle bed against which they work.
be engaged by a stitch cam 45d for the retraction
In Fig.`12, needles a, b, c, e, h, and k are shown of the needles. The lower partsv 21d of these
in retracted position; needle d isV shown as en- > needles are formed with cam-engaging surfaces
20d adapted to be moved between a multiplicity
40 .gaged by an actuator 34; needle 1f is shown as en
gaged by an actuator 35; needle g is shown as of lateral positions in one of which,l as shown by
moved to the position G by an actuator 35. the nearest needle, it will not be engaged vby a
Needles i and 9' are shown as moved to the posi
camî in another of which it will be engaged by
tiqn F‘by an actuator 34, the cam 39 having con
an actuating cam 44, and in still another of which
45 tacted` the surface 20mi of the needle i; needle_ it will be engaged by an actuating cam 45. It
l is shown with its surface 20a engaged by the -will be _appreciated in this connection that a
cam 39; needle m is shown in tucking position knitting element may be formed with a plurality
H after its surface tllaa has cleared the cam 39; of cam-engaging surfaces adapted to be knittedA
and needle 'n4 vis shown in advanced position I by a single cam surface, as in Fig. .5, or with a
single cam-engaging surface adapted to be en
50 after its surface vElla has cleared the cam.
Needles e, h, and 1c are shown as being or having gaged by a plurality of cam surfaces as in Fig. 16.
been passed by the empty slots of the pattern It is tobe noted thatl in the present instance the
wheel; needles f, g, l, and n as having been en
surfaces 20d on the needles, and the cooperating
gaged by the actuators 35; and needles i, j, and
55 m as having been engaged by ‘the actuators 34. ‘
As will be appreciated, a wide variety of types
of selective means may be utilized for selectively-
imparting longitudinal movement to the needles.r
One simple form _of such means is exemplified in
25
30
y
35
40
.
45
50
surfaces on the cams 44 and 45 are inclined out
wardly so as to assure an effective grip 'of the
cams on the needles. The lower surface 46 of
the needles is inclined outwardly` and down
wardly from the bed, and in order to eiïect the »
lateral movement of the portionsA 21d of the
Fig. 13 wherein the construction is generally sim
>ilar to that of Fig. 5 and wherein similar parts
'needles there are provided elements 41 each con 60
stituting a portion of a knitting-element-means
are identified by similar reference numerals ex
consisting of the needle 42 and the element 41.
cept that ‘the subscript b is used. In this case ' Each element 41 is formed with a downwardly
the butts Illb on the needles are selectively actu
and outwardly inclined upper surface 48 adapted
ated by a cam 40 which is'movableA by means of to bear against the surface 46 on its needle and 65
a handle 4| from a position indicated in dotted
to thrust the lower portion of the needle- out
lineswherein it will not contact the butts to a wardly when the element 41 is moved upwardly.
position shown in full lines in which it will con
The extent of the lateral movement of the por
` tact the butts and move the needles -suiìiciently tion 21d will depend on the extent of the upward
to laterally project their cam-engaging surfaces `movement of .the
element 41. The elements 41 70
\
ZIJbb intor position to be engaged‘by a cam 39h,
are provided with vbutts vIlld adapted to be selec
or to a position such as shown in _dot-and-dash
tively acted upon by a pattern wheel iSd similar
lines wherein it will advance the needles suili
ciently to move a surfacey 20h into position to be
to the pattern wheel I 6a; the shorter actuators
engaged by the cam 39h.
the elements 41 sufdciently to move the laterally
.
on the pattern wheel being arranged to advance
5
l
' . l
'aia-1,304
i
movable portions 21d to a position to-be engaged
by the'cam 44, and the longer actuator elements
on the pattern wheel being arranged to advance
the elements 41 sufficiently to move the portions
,21d into a position to be engaged by the cam 45.
In certain instances dependence on'. cooper
ating surfaces on a .knitting element- and on a
'
tuating cam 5lf is. narrpwed and is extended
forwardly beneath the pattern wheel, and that
the butts 49j on the tails of the needles are pro
vided withl oblique upper surfaces 56 so that
they may be snapped past the portion _52f during
the operation of a - pattern wheel.
When the. f
needles‘are in their retracted position, the butts
49f are below the portion'52f and ride under it.
*portion of its bed is undesirable, and >in such in
stances the invention contemplates .the provision ' When, however, a needle .is raised by the pattern 10
_10 of‘means whereby the laterally movable portion >wheel, the surface 56 thereof will bear against
of the knitting element is resiliently mounted.` the bottom of the portion 52j and cam the tail
One formA of such construction is exemplified in rearwardly,v to swing it on its point of resiliency
suiiiciently so that the butt 49! willmove up
l ' Fig.. 17- wherein there is illustrated an arrange
ment generally similar to the arrangement of wardly behind the portion 52j in the cam 5U* and 15
15 Fig. 1 and wherein the parts are indicated by -will clear this portion. Thereupon due to the re
similar reference numerals with the subscript e.
' The needles 9e in this Acase carry butts -Ille which
are similar thruout the seriesv of needles and
slliency, the tail will swing back to a position ’
where the butt again projects outwardly so that
it will be engaged by the actuating cam surface
areselectively acted upon by a pattern wheel lße 55j of the cam 5U. Desirablythe forward edge 20
20 similar to the pattern wheel l5. The lower ends , -of the portion 52j has an upwardly protruding
forward portion provided with a sloping forward
21e of the needles are mounted for lateral move
surface 5l to assure against the butts 49j jam
ment by the provision o'f a resilient portion be
tween them and the butts._ The resiliency re- -' ming against the forward edge of the cam. This
forward edge is preferably disposed at a. point
siding in the present instance is a narrowed por
well
in advance-where the pattern wheel acts on 25
25 tion 46 which provides a particularly effective
the
needles.
.
yìeldability for the tail of the needle. It will-be
In the operation of machines wherein dial and noted that this tail portion 21e is mounted out
cylinder needles cooperate in the production of
wardly from the rear of the slot 8e. The por
the
fabric and in analogous types of machines,
tions 21e ofïthe needles are provided with butts
it is often desirable that' the dial needles be actu 30
30 49 on which are formed laterally-extending cam
ated selectively to produce design conformations,
Vengaging surfaces 20e and longitudinally-ex
tending cam-engaging surfaces‘50, and there is as for instance, in accordance with my co-pend
provided a cam 5 i, shown in detail in Fig. 18, for " ing application, Serial No. 752,028, filed Novem
actuating the needles in accordance ber 8, 1934. However, it is desirable to avoid 35
y35 selectively
with the longitudinal position'they are in after complexity in the operating mechanism for the
the passage of the pattern wheel 16e. When a dial needles and it has been found that by uti
butt 49 is in a lower position as in the case of lizing the sinker movement to `control the opera
the foremost needle in Fig. 17, the surface 50 of tion of the dial needles, a high degree of sim- the butt will be engaged by the forward surface plicity can bev obtained. In accordance with the
linvention there is provided means to impart lon 40
40 52 of the cam and will ride to the rear of the cam ‘gitudinal movement to the sinkers whereby the
on convexly curved surfaces 53, as indicated at q,
needles (or, if desired, jacks therefor)> will
and ride along the back thereof and into afrecess dial
be moved laterally and to selectively position the
54, as indicated at t. Should needles 9e be raised
slightly by some inadvertence the surface 50 may dial needles (or jacks). In the exemplified ‘con
struction this means includes sinker-moving 45
45 ride along the back face of the cam 5I. When,
cams and mutually cooperating cam portions on
however, a needle has been moved to an upper
the
sinkers and on the dial needles to move the
position, and the tail of the `needle has swung « latter
laterally in response to the sinker move
outwardly,-due toits resiliency, in the manner
indicated, as in the case of the rear needle shown ment, andincludes also a rotary pattern member
for the selective positioning of the dial: needles. 50
50 in Fig. 17 and the needle shown at r, the butts 49
vIn
the form of construction exemplified in Figs.
thereof will ride above the forward portion 52 of 20 thru
24, there is provided 4cooperating means
the cam 5| and will be engaged by a camsurface
on the sinkers and on the dial needles for posi
55 which will serve, as indicated at s; to `advance tioning the dial needles for actuation by a' cam;
the nee'dle. Asr will be seen, whether the longi
and there is also provided a pattern wheel for- 55
55 tudinal movement is of such extent that when it'v selectively controlling vthe position of the dial
is completed a needle such as at r will be spaced
above the cam, or whether the longitudinal needles so that the cam will actuate theneedles
movement is just of sufiicientextent to permit
the butt to swing outwardly, the outward (lat
60 eral) >movement of the needle will accompany
Athe longitudinal movement rather than being an
independent movement at a spaced point. Thel
portions 21e of those needles which are not
to one or another of different extents, or not at
all, as determined by the pattern wheel. In this
form of construction there is provided a needle
bed 5g, which in the present instance, is -in the
, form of a stationary dial having formed therein
vradial slots 8g. carrying sinkers 60 and dial
9g. `There are also provided cylinder
moved longitudinally-by the pattern wheelv will -needles
needles
6|
carried on a cylinder 6_2, the actuation 65
ride
to
the
rear
of
the
cam
and
will
then
be
65
of
these
needles
being carried out as disclosed in
swung out in_to the recess 54 againv by the tension
, of the portion 48, but Will not be advanced by my said co-pending application, Serial- No.
the actuating surface 55, whereas portions which
have been moved longitudinally bythe pattern
70 wheelv will have their ‘butts actuated and will be
752,028, in i one
of the manners
exemplified
herein, or in any other well known or suitable
manner.
'
.
..
to knitting position-_by the actuating surface 55.
Movable about the dial is a_ suitable number of
lyarn feeds, and a support 63 carrying operating
In Fig. 19 there is shown a construction which
is similar to the construction shown in Fig. 17,
except. that theforward portion 52j of the ac
member 61, in association with one or more of
advanced-as to tucking position, or, if desired,
cams 64 and 65 for the sinkers, a stitch cam 66,
an actuating cam 39g and a ñat rotary pattern
70
"
6
2,124,804
the yarn feeds. The sinkers and needles are
tucking position and to leave the unseiected nee
provided with cooperating cam surfaces 66 and l dles in retracted position, to move the selected
-
69 whereby, upon the retraction of a sinker its
needle will be moved to an elevated lateral posi
tion. Each needle is provided with _a butt Illy
needles to knitting position and to leave the un
selected needles in retracted position, and to
move the selected needles to knitting position and
and with cam-engaging surfaces 20g and 20go'.
to move certain of the unselected needles to tuck
The portion of the needle on which the surface
209g is formed is provided with a flat surface 'I0
unselected needles in retracted position, as de
- adapted to be engaged by actuators on the rotary
10 pattern member 61. This rotary pattern mem
ber is provided with peripheral slots 1I. In cer
tain of these slots there are disposed short actua
tors 12 and in others long actuators i3, others of
the slots being left empty. The rotary pattern
15 member 6l is -so arranged, that when a needle
has been elevated by the sinker movement, the
~ needle will be left in elevated position as shown
in Fig. 21 if an empty slot in. the rotary pattern
wheel is juxtaposed therewith; will be partially
20 lowered if a short actuator 12 is juxtaposed
ing position while leaving the remainder of the
sired, prior to the reception of yarn from a single
10
2. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
.series of knitting-element-means on said bed, at
least a portion of each of said knitting-element
means being adapted to be moved longitudinally
and at least a portion of each of said knitting 15
element-means being adapted to be moved later
ally as an accompaniment of such longitudinal
movement, means to impart such longitudinal
movement to at least certain of said first men
tioned portions and to selectively position the sec 20
ond mentioned portions, the last mentioned means
yarn-feed.
»
-
»
therewith; or will be lowered .to the position
shown in Fig. 20 when a long actuator is juxta
including means tocause the second mentioned
posed therewith. 'I‘he needles are formed with portions to be moved laterally when the first
the bends ‘i4 in the usual manner `to prevent> mentioned portions are moved longitudinally and
25 them from dropping against the sinkers of their 'as an accompaniment of such longitudinal move 25
own weight after the support of the sinker has ment and means to cause a supplemental and se
been removed before the operation -of the pat
lective lateral positioning of the second mentioned
tern wheel. ln operation, a needle and sinker portions, and actuating means adapted to selec
being in the position shown in Fig. 20, the sinkers v tively engage said second mentioned portions de
30 are retracted~ by the cam 64 causing a lateral pending on their positioning.
30v
movement of the needles- as shown in Fig. 2l, due
' 3. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a series
to the camming action of the surfaces 68 on the of knitting-element-means on said bed, at least a
surface 69. A cam ‘I4 serves to assure against portion of each of said knitting-element-means
retraction of the needles. 'I'hereupon the sink
being adapted to be moved longitudinally and at
35 ers are advanced by the cam 64 so as to move the ‘ least a portion of each of said knitting-element
surface 68 back from' under the surface 69. 'I'he means being adapted to be moved laterally as an
rotary pattern member then. rolls over the
-needles and will pass a needle, partially depress
it, or fully depress .it in the manner indicated
40 above.
If it is passed, the surface 20g thereof
will be engaged by the cam -39g’ and the needle
will be fully advanced as indicated in Fig. 23.
If, however, the needle is partially depressed, _the
surface ~20gg thereon will be engaged by the cam
45 39g and the needle will be advanced a less dis--
tance. If the needle has been fully depressed,
the cam 39g will -engage neither of the cam
engaging surfacesI thereon and the needle will be
left in a retracted position. The advanced
50 needles `will be retracted by the stitch cam 66
in the usual manner.
n
.
It will accordingly be seen that there is pro
vided an exceedingly safe and effective means for
the production of design fabrics of a wide variety
55 of types.
Since certain changes may be made in the
above construction and diiîerent embodiments of
the invention could be made without departing
.from the. scope thereof, it is intended that allv
60 vmattei' contained in the above construction or
shown in the accompanying drawings Vshall be
interpreted as illustrative and not ,in a limiting
sense.
It is also to be understood that the following
65 claims are intended to cover all of the generic
accompaniment of such longitudinal movement,v
means to impart such longitudinal movement to
at least certain of said first mentioned portions
and to selectively position the second mentioned 40
portions in a multiplicity of positions, and actu
ating means adapted lto selectively engage said
second mentioned portions depending on their
positioning.
'
n.
y
y
l
4. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a series
of knitting-element-means on said bed, at least
a portion -of each of said knitting-element-means
being adapted to be selectively moved longitu
dinally by a selecting'means and at least a portiony
of each of said- knitting-element-means being 50
adapted to be positioned laterally in> response to
the longitudinal movement of the ñrst mentioned
portion, selecting means adapted to selectively
engage the vfirst mentioned portions to impart>
longitudinal movement of a plurality of selec 55
tively-determined extents to the selected portions,
and actuating means adapted to engage the sec
ond mentioned portions when _in- certain of said
lateral positions and to selectively impartthereto
longitudinal movement of a plurality'of extents 60
depending upon the extent of longitudinal move
ment imparted to the i'ïirst mentioned portions by
the selecting means.'`
»
5. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a series
of knitting-element-means on said bed, at least a 65
and speciñc features of the invention herein de
scribed, and all statements of the scope of the
portion‘of each of said knitting-element-means
being adapted to be selectively moved longitu
- invention which as a matter of language might
dinally by a selecting means and at least a portion
be said 'to fall therebetween.
70
The invention claimed is:
l. A knitting machine comprising at least one
yarn-feed, a series of needles, means for selecting
75
of each> of said knitting-element-means being
adapted to be positioned laterally in response to 70
the longitudinal movement of the first mentioned
the needles in a predetermined manner, and ad
portion, selecting means adapted to selectively
engage the first mentioned portions to impart-
justable means adapted, depending on the adjust
nient thereof, to move the selected needles to
extents to selected portions, said» second men
longitudinal movement of a plurality of selective I
75
~ are-1,304
_ tloned portions being movable laterally .to a. plu
rallty of extents depending on the extent of move
ment of the ilrst mentioned portions, and actu
bed being mounted for relative movement, means
forming a part of said actuator mechanism for
selectively advancing the knitting elements a
ating means, said second mentioned portions and plurality of extents during said relative move
said .actuating means being so arranged that the ment, means to cause lateral movement to one
extent of a portion of each knitting element when
actuating means will engage the second men
tioned portions and move them longitudinally to advanced to one extent and -to cause lateral
one extent when they have been moved laterallyl movement of said portion to another extent when
to one extent and to move ,them longitudinally to advanced to another extent, each of said por 10
tions being formed with a plurality of shoulders
10 another extent when they have been moved lat
adapted to be moved respectively into the path
erally to another extent.
-
-‘
l
i
6. A 4knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of needles on said bed, at least a portion
of each of said needles being adapted to be moved
15 longitudinally by a selecting means and at' least
f a portion of ea’ch of said needles being adapted
to be disposed in any of'a plurality of lateral posi
tions, means for thrusting a second mentioned
portion laterally when a first mentioned portion
20 is moved longitudinally, selecting means to selec
of movement, and cam means forming a part '
of said actuator mechanism and adapted to en
gagewhatever shoulders are in its pathv of move
ment and to actuate said knitting elements to one 15
extent when one of said shoulders is in its path
and to actuate said knitting elements to another
extent when another of saidgshoulders is in its
its path and to pass said knitting elements when
20
neither of said'shoulders are in its path.
ll. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
tively engage the iirst mentioned portions to> series
of knitting elements on said bed, each of
selectively impart longitudinal movement there
said knitting elements _having a resilient tail and
to, and actuating means adapted to engage said each
tail being formed with a cam-engaging sur
second 'mentioned portions when in certain' oi’
face, selecting means for selectively imparting 25
25 said lateral positions.
longitudinal movement to the knitting elements,
7. In a knitting machine, a needle bed, a series ~
at least one yarn feed, a cam member formed
of needle slots in said bed, knitting elements in with
a cam surface adapted t‘o engage the cam
at least certain of said-slots, means on said knitting
elements to cause a portion of each of said knit
30 tingelements to be moved laterally as an ac
companiment of the longitudinal movement there
of, means to selectively impart longitudinal move
ment to said knitting elements with accompany
ing lateral movement, cam means, said cam
35 means and said bed being mounted for relative
movement in a direction transverse oi' said slots,
engaging surfaces of the knitting elements which-
are selectively movable longitudinally, said cam 30
member being formed with a portion in the path
of movement of said tails in preparation for yarn
manipulating action at a single yarn feed Where
` by said -tails may yield resiliently when they
meet said portion but will be lsvvung out by their
resiliency into cam-engaging/position when they
have been moved- to a given longitudinal extent
said selecting means.
gaged by said cam means to impart longitudinal « by12.J
A knitting machine comprising a dial bed, a y l
movement to the knitting elements when said series of knitting-element-means on said bed,
40 portions have been moved laterally.
each. of at least a plurality of said knitting-ele
and means on said portions adapted to be en
8. In a knitting machine, a bed, a series oi ment-means including a sinker and a needle, and
knitting elements on said bed, means on said cooperating means on the sinkers and on a por
knitting elements to cause a portion of each of tion or the' knitting-element-means other than
said knitting elements to be moved to a plurality
. the sinker for eiîectuating a control of the op
of different positions d v ng the longitudinal
movement thereof, means to selectively impart ‘ eration of said needles in response to an opera
of said sinkers.
s
_
such longitudinal movement to said knitting ele \ tion
13; .A sinker-top knitting machine, comprising
45
ments, cam means, and a plurality of shoulders on
-individual ones of lsaid _portions and adapted to
50V be
engaged by said
ïa series of. cylinder needles, a series of dial nee
cam means to impart longi- " dles, a series of cooperating sinkers, means to
actuate said sinkers, said sinkers being individual
said dial needles, cooperating means >on the
.knitting elements when said portions thereofl to
sinkers and the dialneedles to cause a portion of
have been moved to said positions respectively. a dial needle to be moved laterally in response
9. A knitting machine comprising a needle bed,
, _’-tudinal movement of different extents to the
to the movement of a sinker, means including the 55
aforesaid means to cause said portions of the dialy
'ments in at least certain of said slots, lactuator - needles to be disposed in a multiplicity of lateral
mechanism, said actuator mechanism and said ' posi/tions, vmeans to selectively actuate said dial
ìbed being mounted for relative movement in a needles to a plurality of `diiîerent extents in ac
a series of needle slots in .said bed, knitting ele
direction transverse of said slots, means forming
60 a part of said actuator mechanism for selective
ly advancing the knitting elements as an accom
p’animent of said relative movement, means to
cause lateral movement of a, portion _of each
. 65
knitting element when so advanced, each of said
portions being formed with a shoulder adapted to
’ be moved into a path of movement of a part of
Asaid actuator mechanism by such llateral move
ment, and means forming apart of said actu
cordance with the lateral positioning of said por 60
tions thereof, and means to actuate said cylinder
needles.
„
'
„
-
14. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of knitting-element-means on said bed,
each of said knitting-element-means comprising 65
a pair of relatively movable elementsdcooperat
ing means on each pair of elements to cause a
portion of one of the elementsV to be moved later
ally in response to longitudinal movement of the
` ator mechanism and adapted to engage at least other of the elements, means for causing'longi
certain ’of said shoulders. when the portions car _tudinal movement of s'aid other of the elements,
rying the same have been moved laterally and to selecting means `for causing. supplemental and
. further -advance the'knitting elements.v `
10. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a selective laterall movement of only certain of said
«series of knitting elements on said bed, actuator laterally moved portions, and means to selec
tively actuate said ones of said elements in ac-/zk/l>
75 mechanism, said actuator` mechanism and said »
8
2,124,304
cordance with the lateral positioning of said por
tions thereof.
.15.- A knitting element comprising a yarn-ma
said inclined surface meets an obstruction thev
jacent the front edge of the element, and a por
butt will slide behind the obstruction due to the
resiliency of the tail, and the other of 'said oppo
sitely disposed edges being a cam-engaging sur
face forming an angle not substantially greater
tion spaced from said yarn-manipulating portion
and having a cam-engaging shoulder and having
tudinally of said tail as the tail'extends beyond
nipulating portion adapted to receive yarn adja
also a cam surface on the rear edge of the ele
ment’and adapted for engagement with a co
operating part of a knitting'machine to cause
the second mentioned portion to be moved later
ally during relative movement of the knitting
element and the cooperating part longitudinally
of the knitting element.
16. A needle comprising.. a yarn-manipulating
portion adapted to receive yarn adjacent the
front edge of the needle, and a portion spaced
from said yarn-manipulating portion and formed
to provide a generally lateral surface adapted to
20 be engaged by cam means when suitably disposed
and to provide a cam surface on the rear edge of
the needle and adapted for engagement with a
cooperating part of a knitting machine to `cause
the second mentioned portion to be moved later
25 ally when the knitting element is moved longi
tudinally.
17. A knitting element comprising a yarn-ma
nipulating portion adapted to receive yarn adja
cent the front edge of the- element, and a portion
30 spaced from said yarn-manipulating portion and
than a right angle with a line extending longi- '
said edge.
'
.
21. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of knitting-element-means on said bed, at 10
least a portion of each of said knitting-element
meansbeing adapted to be moved longitudinally
and at least a portion of each of said knitting
element-means being adapted to be moved later
ally as an accompaniment of such. longitudinal 15
movement, each of said second-mentioned por
tions being formed with a butt surface adapted to
be engaged by an advancing cam to advance said
second-mentioned portions longitudinally and
each of said knitting-element-means including. a 20
yarn-manipulating element adapted to be ad
vanced when the second-mentioned portion
thereof is advanced, selective means to impart
longitudinal movement to selected ones of the
first-mentioned portions of the knitting-element 25
means to cause the second-mentioned portions
thereof to be moved laterally as an accompani
ment of said longitudinal movement, and cam
means adapted to engage said butt surface on
each of said second-mentioned portions which 30
has been moved laterally to advance the same and
spaced generally lateral surfaces each adapted to to advance therewith the yarn-manipulating
be engaged by cam means when suitably disposed elements thereof to a yarn-manipulating position.
and to provide at least one cam surface on the
22. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
35 rear edge of the element and adapted for en
series of knitting-element-means on said bed, a 35
gagement withy a cooperating part of a knitting needle forming at least a part of each of said
machine to cause the second mentioned portion Vknitting-element-means, at least a portion of
to be moved laterally when the knitting element ì each > of said knitting-element-means being
is moved longitudinally.
adapted to be moved longitudinally and at least a
18. A knitting element comprising a yarn-ma
portion of each of said knitting-element-means
nipulating portion adapted to receive yarn adja
being adapted to be moved laterally as an accom
cent the front edge of the element, and a portion paniment of such longitudinal movement, each of
spaced from said yarn-manipulating portion and said second portions being formed with a butt
formed to provide at least one generally lateral < surface adapted to be engaged by an advancing
45 surface adapted to be engaged by cam means cam to advance saidv second-mentioned portions 45
when suitably disposed, and to provide at least longitudinally so as to move said needles into
formed to provide a plurality of longitudinally
one cam surface on the rear edge of the element
yarn-receiving position, an oblique pattern Wheel
and adapted for engagement with a cooperating adapted to selectively impart longitudinal move
part of a knitting machine to cause the second ment to the first-mentioned portions of certain of
50 mentioned portion to be moved laterally dif-v said knitting-element-mreans to cause the second
ferent extents When the knitting element is mentioned portions thereof to be moved laterally, so
moved different extents longitudinally.
a -yarn feed, and cam means adapted to engage
19. A knitting element comprising a yarn
said butt surfaces of each of the second-men
manipulating portion adapted to receive yarn tioned portions'which has been moved laterally
55 adjacent the front edge of the element, and a and to advance the sameto dispose the needles to 55
portion spaced from said yarn-manipulating por
receive yarn from said yarn feed.
tion and formed to provide a plurality of longi
f23. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
iudinally spaced generally'lateral surfaces each
adapted to be engaged by cam `means when suit
series of needles on said bed, a yarn-feed, means
60 ably disposed and to provide a cam surface 0n the
said needles, means to cause a portion of those
rear edge of the element and adapted for engage
mentwith a cooperating part of a knitting ma
chine to cause the second mentioned portion to be
moved laterally to one extent when the knitting
65 element is moved longitudinally a given extent
and a cam surface on the rear edge of the element
and adapted to engage said part to cause said
second mentioned portion to be moved laterally
to a further extent when the knitting element is
70 moved longitudinally a further extent.
20. A knitting machine needle formed with a
resilient tail, a butt on said tail, oneof the oppo
to selectively impart longitudinal movement to
needles which are moved longitudinally by the
60.
last-mentioned means to move laterally as an
v accompaniment of said longitudinal movement,
and means to engage those portions of the needles
which have been moved Vlaterally to advance such 65
needles for reception of yarn from said yarn feed.
24. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a.
series> of knitting-element-means on said bed, at
least a portion of each of said knitting-element
means being adapted to be‘moved longitudinally 70
and at least a portion of each of said knitting
element-means being adapted to be moved later
ì sitely-disposed edges of said butt being inclined
ally as an accompaniment. of such longitudinal
substantially from the end of the butt and in the
v75 direction in which said tail extends whereby when
movement, each of said knitting-element-means
comprising a yarn-manipulating element adapted 75 ‘
2,124,904
to be advanced when the second-mentioned por
tion thereof is advanced, said second-'mentioned
portions comprising resilientv tails, means includ
,
_
,
_,9.
ment-means being adapted to .be moved laterally ,
as an accompaniment of such longitudinal move-_
ment, means to impart such longitudinal move- _
ment to at least certain of said -iirst-mentioned
ing said resilient tails and the surface ofV a ‘cam
member to cause a lateral movement of said
second-mentioned portions as an accompaniment
of such longitudinal movement, and means to
engage a part of each of said second-mentioned
portions which has been moved laterally to vad
portions and 'to selectively position the second
-mentioned portions longitudinally, said second
mentioned portions comprisingl resilient tails,
10 vance the same and to advance the'associated
actuating means adapted to selectively engage
said second-mentioned portions depending on the
yarn-manipulating element to a yarn-manipulat
ing position.A
»
_
25. A -knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of kni'tting-element-means on said bed, at
15 leasta portion of each of said knitting-element
means being adaptedto be moved longitudinally
and at least a portion of each of said knitting
element-means being adapted to be moved later
ally~ as an accompaniment'of such longitudinal
movement, each of said second-mentioned por
20
tions being formed with a butt surface adapted to
' be engaged by an advancing cam to advance said
second-mentioned portions longitudinally and
means including said resilient tails to cause a
lateral movement of said second-mentioned por-_
tions due to such longitudinal movement, andA 10>
positioning.`
28. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a se
ries of knitting-element-means on said bed, at 15
least a vportion of each of said knitting-element-`
means being adapted to be moved longitudinally
and at least a portion of each of said knitting-ele'
ment-means being adapted to'be moved laterally
as an accompaniment of such longitudinal move-. 20
~ment, each of said second-mentioned portions be
ing formed with a butt surface adapted to be
engaged by an advancing cam to advance said
second-.mentioned portions longitudinally 'and
each‘of said knitting-element-rneans including a
of said knittlng-element-means including a 25
yam-manipulating element adapted to be ad >each
yarn-manipulating
element adapted to be >ad
vanced when the second-mentionedl portion
vanced
when
the
second-mentioned
portion there
thereof is advanced, means to impart such longi
to selectively position the second-mentioned por
of is advanced, means to impart such longitudinal
movement to at least certain of said ñrst-men
tioned portions, cooperating means on the second
mentioned portions and on other parts of the ma
tions in a plurality ofl lateral positions, and cam
means adapted to engage said butt surface on
erally during such longitudinal movement, and
tudinal movement to at least certain of said ñrst
mentioned portions with an accompanying lateral
30 movement of the second-mentioned portions and
each of said second-mentioned portions which is
chine to cam said second-mentioned portions lat- '
cam means adapted to engage said butt surface
on said second-mentioned portions in accordance 35
35 in a given one of said lateral positions to advance . with the lateral'position of said second-mentioned
the same and to advance therewith to a yarn‘
portions, said machine including a pattern Wheel y
manipulating position the yarn-_manipulating ele
ment of the knitting-element-means of- which it
is a portion.
_
.
y
40 ` 26. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of knitting-element-means on said bed, at -
least a portion of each of said knitting-element
means being adapted to be moved longitudinally
and at least a portion of each of said knitting
element-means being adapted to' be moved lat
erally as an accompaniment of such longitudinal
movement, each of said second-mentioned por
tions being formed with a butt surface adapted to
be engaged by an advancing >cam to advance said
second-mentioned portions longitudinally and
50
having a selecting --action so that certain of said
second-mentioned portions will be in position to
be engaged by said cam means so as to be ad
40
vanced 4with the consequentL advance to a yarn
manipulating position of the yarn-manipulating'
element associated therewith and other of said
second-mentioned portions will be in a position
`to be passed by said cam means.
29. A .knitting machine comprising'a bed, a
yarn-feed, a series of knitting-element-means on
said bed, at least a portion of each of said knit
ting-element-means being .adapted to be selec
tively moved longitudinally by a selecting means
each of said knitting-element-means including a ` and at least a portion of each _of said knitting
yarn-manipulating _element adapted to be ad vvelement-means being adapted to be moved lat
erally in response to such longitudinal movement
vanced when the' second-mentioned portion there
of is advanced, means to impart such longitudinal of the first-mentioned portion, selecting meansA
adapted V»to selectively engage the ñrst-mentioned 55
55 movement to at least‘certain of said first-men
4tioned portions and to selectively position the portions to impart'said longitudinal movement to
second-_mentioned portions,’the last mentioned the selected portions, means to impart lateralv
means including la pattern wheel adapted to act movement to the second-mentioned portions of
selectively to impartv longitudinal movement to only those knitting-element-means of which the Y 60
mst-mentioned portions are selected, .means
60 the first-mentioned portions and means whereby - forming a part of each of said knitting-element
the second-mentioned portions of the knitting
element-means Whose iirst-mentioned` portions means for manipulating yarn from said yarn
have been moved longitudinally will be moved feed, and means for actuating said knitting-ele
ment-means to cause thel manipulation of said
laterally as an accompaniment of said longitudi
yarn thereby, the last-mentioned means includ 65
65 nal movement, and cam means adapted to engage
ing me'ar‘is adapted to engage said second-men
„said butt surface on each of said second-men
l tioned portions which has been moved laterally to
advance the same and to advance the associated-
yarn-manipulating velement to a yarn-manipulat
70 ing position.
27. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
series of knitting-element-means on said bed, at
least a portion of each of said knitting-element
: means being adapted to be moved longitudinally
75
and at least a portion of each of said knitting-ele
tìoned` portions to which lateral movement has Y
been imparted and to advance the same.
30..'A knitting machine- comprising a bed, a
yarn-feed, a series of needles on said bed, means
tol selectively impart’ longitudinal movementto
said needles, each ofrsaid needles having a por
tion adapted to be disposed indifferent lateral
positions, cam'means adapted to engage said por-_ ,
tions when in certain of said lateral positions,
1- O
2,124,304
and to dispose said needles in position to receive
member having a cam surface and having also a
yarn from a yarn-feed, and means‘for selecting
said needles and for causing said portions of only
the selected needles to be in given ones of said>
certain of said lateral positions.
forwardly extending surface in advance of said
- -31. A knitting machine comprising a bed, a
been’so moved longitudinally and is in said given
lateral position, and resilient means tending to
series of knitting elements on said bed, a portion
_ of each of said knitting elements being laterally
movable and having a butt surface, selecting
10 means for selectively imparting longitudinal
cam surface and continuous therewith and dis- y
posed ,in position to extend under the butt sur
face of a portion of a knitting element which has
swing said portions into said lateral positions
movement to the knitting elements, means to ac
when they are moved longitudinally to a position
wherein said butt surfaces may be juxtaposed with 10
said forwardly extending surface of said cam
tuate the knitting elements when said portions
member.
are moved longitudinally and are in a given lat
eral position, said actuating means comprising a
,
‘
VINCENT LOMBARDI.
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