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Патент USA US2124354

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*July 19, 1938-
Filed June 22, 1955
2 sheets-sheet 1
July 19, 1938.
Fil‘ed June 22, 1935`
¿Sheets-Sheet 2 `
Patented July 19, 1938
Francis J. Plym, Niles, Mich., assigner to The
Kawneer Company, Niles, Mich., »a corporation
of Michigan
Application June 22, 1935, Serial No. .27,886I
2 claims.
The present invention relates to store front
constructions and more particularly to a novel
sash member for mounting adjoining panes of
Among the objects of the present invention is
to provide a novel construction of sash bar for
I have showntherein a preferred embodiment,
it is to- be understood that the same is suscep
tible ofmodiñcation and change, and‘compre
hends other details, arrangements of parts, fea
tures and constructions without departing from
the spirit of the invention.
mounting adjacent or adjoining panes of glass.
In the drawings:
A further object is to provide a novel sash reel
taining bar having means for adjustably mount
ing the panes of glass from the interior.
Another object of the present invention is the
Figure 1 is a view in elevation of a storefront
provision of a novel division, corner'or reverse bar
for joining adjacent panes of glass, in which the
face or outer part or moulding is rigid or fixed
and the adjustment of the glass is from the in
terior. This feature of the invention permits a
perfect mitre or joint where the sections of the
store front construction are united.
(Cl. 189-78) '
A further object of the invention is the provision of a sash construction of the type disclosed,
consisting of a minimum number of parts which
may be standardized,v andthey construction as
sembled or mounted in a minimum amount of
time without the use of experienced help.
A still further Objectis the provision of a no_vel
sash construction in which the glass is retained
with an yequal and uniform pressure throughout
its length. ANo screws,l cam members or the like
are employed, which wouldv produce a holding
'39. pressure at spaced points only and not a uniform
and continuous gripping or holding pressure as
in the present device.
Another object of the present invention is the
provision of a sash bar for holding panes of glass
5 positioned at an angle to one another, which bar
may be quickly and conveniently bent or formed
to retain such panes regardless of the angle which
they may assume. Due to the simplicity of the
construction, this may be accomplished at the
¿it installation.
Yet another object of the invention is the pro
vision of a standardized 'sash bar adapted to re
ceive and retain adjacent sections of glass even
though they may vary in thickness. The resil
45 ient adjusting means or strip automatically ad
justs itself to the thickness of the glass.
' Further objects are to provide a construction
of maximum simplicity, efficiency, economy and
ease of assembly and operation, and such fur
50‘ ther objects, advantages and capabilities as will
later more fully appear and are inherently-pos
sessed thereby.
The invention further resides in the construc
tion, combination and arrangement of parts illus
trated in the accompanying drawings, and while
Fig. 2 is a View in vertical cross section taken
in a plane represented by the Vline 2--2 of Fig. 1.
Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are views in vertical cross sec@>
tion taken in planes represented vby the lines.3_-'3,
4_4, and 5--5, respectively, of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view in perspective of
the novel glass holding or adjusting means.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view in perspective of
the novel division bar `of Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary viewin perspective of
the novel corner bar of Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view in perspective of
the novel reverse bar of` Fig. 5.
Figs. l0 and 11- are views in vertical `cross sec
tion of alternate forms of division bars.
Figs. 12 and 13 are views in vertical cross sec~ n
tion of alternate forms of corner bars.
Fig. 14 is _a View in vertical cross section of an
alternate form of reverse bar.
Referring to the disclosure in Figs. l'to 9, in
clusive, of the drawinga, the store front therein
shown comprises a plurality of adjoining panes
of glass I, twoI adjacent `sections or panes having
their vertical edges secured or mounted in a divi#
sion bar 2, other adjacentsections or panes by
a corner bar 3, and still others by a reverse ‘
bar 4.
The ,divisionV bar construction 2.. comprises a
sheet of metal having its ends bent or formed
to provide oppositely extendingribs or ñanges
5 and'G, and doubled-over portions forming 'out 40
wardly projecting ribs or flanges 'l and 8, the
ribs or ñanges 5 and 1, and 6 and 8, forming a
groove or channel therebetween for the reception
of the edge of adjacent panes of glass. The webs
or sides 9 and I0 forming the base of the oppo 45
site channels are preferably spaced apart and the
metal of the bar is preferably yieldable or flex
ible. A face plate Il having its opposite ends l2
and I3 bent to‘provide inwardly opening chan 50
nels receives the flanges 5 and 6 when the flanges
spring apart due to the resiliency of the mate
rial, after having been compressed. The face
plate is preferably of a non-corrosive metal or
other material which will withstand the elements, 55
While the division bar may be of any metal suit
able for the purpose.
In order to retain the panes of glass in posi
tion, the invention comprehends the provision of
U-shaped resilient members I6 which are pressed
angle. In this construction, the Web 51 is pro
vided with projecting flanges 58 and 59, the inner
end of the web being formed with an enlargement
B8 adapted to be received in a channel in the in~
ner sash member 6I having projecting ñanges 62
or forced into the grooves adjacent each pane of
and 63 for the reception of the resilient securing
glass and between the panes and ribs or flanges .¿. strips I6. A face plate 64 is also provided, if de
'I and 8, and force these panes into contacting sired.
engagement with the ends I2 and I3 of the face
In each of the forms disclosed, the inner ñange,
10 plates and/or flanges 5 and 3 of the division bar. rib or projection is of curved or arcuate formation
The corner bar construction 3 is more partic
so that a side of the resilient member seats
ularly disclosed in Figs. 4 and 8, the structure > against and takes the contour of this ilange or
being very similar to the division bar with the rib and becomes locked or anchored in position.
exception that the ñanges I'I and I8, and I9 and
15 20, extend at an angle of less than 180° from
each other. The cap or face plate 2| is adapted to
receive the ends of the flanges I1 and I8 Within
the grooves or channels 22 and 23 formed by re
turn bend of the ends of the plate or cap.
The reverse bar 4 is more particularly disclosed
in Figs. 5 and 9, the purpose of which is to con
nect adjacent p-anes positioned at a reverse angle
to that of the corner bar 3. The construction is
quite similar to a corner bar, the glass being posi
25 tioned in the channels formed intermediate the
ñanges 24 and 25, and 26 and 21.
In Figs. 10 and 1l are disclosed alternate con
struction of division bars. In Fig. 10 the bar 28
is shown as formed in one piece of extruded
30 metal, with the oppositely projecting flanges 29
and 3I, and 32 and 33, formed integral with the
web 34. No separate cap or face plate is neces
In Fig. 11, the division bar 35 comprises a mem
35 ber provided with a central web 33 of double
thickness and the ends forming oppositely pro
jecting ñanges 3'! and 38. The inner part of the
web is enlarged as at 39, and is received in a
groove or channel in an inner sash member 40
40 having oppositely projecting flanges 4I >and 42.
A cap or face plate I I is adapted to cover the
flanges 31 and 38.
In Fig. 12 there is disclosed a corner bar 43
formed of extruded metal in which the projecting
45 flanges 44 and 45, and 46 and 41, are formed inte
gral with the web 48.
Fig. 13 discloses a further alternate construc
tion of corner bar 49, in which the sash member
is formed of two parts but interconnected. In
50 this form, the web 50 is of double thickness with
the ends thereof forming ilanges or ribs 5| and
52. The inner part of the web is provided with
an enlargement 53 adapted to seat in a groove or
channel in the inner sash member 54. A cap or
55 face plate 55 of any suitable contour may be pro
Fig. 14 discloses an alternate `construction of
reverse bar 56 in which the elements are generally
It will be readily apparent that the invention
comprises a minimum number of parts which can 15
be readily assembled and which retain adjacent
panes of glass in their adjusted position. By the
present construction, the flanges may be readily
bent or formed to accommodate glass set at any
desired angle. 'I‘his may be done at the installa 20
tion, and thus the present construction lends it
self to standardization.
The entire adjustment is accomplished from
the rear of the glass with the outer sash members
always in perfect alignment and maintained so. 25
In order to more securely retain the resilient
adjusting strips or members, the flanges or ribs of
the inner sash member are preferably curved.
It is to be understood that suitable drain and
Ventilating openings are provided.
Having thus described the invention, I claim:
1. A bar construction for joining adjacent sec
tions or panes of glass, comprising a member
formed with outwardly projecting and longitudi
nally extending flanges providing a channel on 35
the opposite sides of said bar for receiving said
`adjacent sections or panes, the inner flanges being
curved, and a continuous strip of resilient metal
adapted to be forced into each channel intermedi
ate the inner face of each section or pane and the 40
inner flange with a side of said strip taking the
contourof the inner flange and thereby being
anchored in position and the other side seating
against the pane.
2. A sash construction for joining the edges of 45
adjoining panes of glass mounted at an angle to
one another, comprising a bar having formed
integral therewith outwardly projecting flanges
adapted to Vprovide oppositely opening recesses,
each recess adapted to receive an edge of one of 50
the panes with the ñanges which form the sides of
the recess spaced apart a distance greater than
the thickness of the glass and one of said flanges
being curved, and a resilient U~shaped member
adapted to be inserted intermediate the rear face 55
of the panes and the rear side of the recess with
said member seating against the interior of said
curved flange and thereby anchored in position.
' similar to those shown in the corner bar of Fig.
60 13, but modiñed to retain glass set at a reverse
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