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Патент USA US2124397

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July 19, 1938.
G. w. GWINN>ET AL
2,124,397
CIGARETTE CATCHER
Original Filed Nov. 20, 1954
. 4 Sheets-Sheei 1
FIG. 6
INVENTOR
BY
6
‘1 // /1,
/'
.
/
%‘5 Aggomm‘v
July 19, 1938.
G. w. GWINN ET AL
CIGARETTE CATCHER'
Original Filed Nov. ‘20, 1934
-‘ 2,124,397
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
FY25.
I I mm ["1" ,1/
July 19, 1938-
‘G. w. GWINN ET AL
2,124,397 ‘
' CIGARETTE OATCHER
Original Filed Nov. 20, 1934
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
. July 19, 1938.
‘G, w, GwlNN ET AL
‘
2,124,397
CIGARETTE GATCHER
Original Filed Nov. 20, 1934
CD
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
FIG-.20
5
INVENTOR
Patented July 19, 1938
PATENTiLVYOFFI-CE
' UNITED STATES
.
2,124,397
‘ CIGARETTE CATCHER
‘George W.‘ Gwinn, Hewlett, N. Y., and James W.
Leary, Bloom?eld, N. J., .assignors to American
Machine & Foundry Company, a corporation
of, New Jersey
Application November 20, 1934, Serial No. ‘753,986
,
Renewed August 4,1936 ’
33 Claims. (oi- lea-24)
,
v
will be gradually gripped, and its endwise or axial
relates
to
an
improvement
in
This invention
motion'will thus be gently retarded and stopped.
cigarette machine catchers or collectors of the In this manner? the longitudinal movement of
type intended. to receive the, cigarettes in a single
file from the cigarette machine cutoff and de
liver them in side-by-side row formation. J
v
_
Among the objections to the devices now in
use for this purpose are their size and complicated
operating mechanism; some employing a suction
drum to retard the endwise movement of the
10 cigarettes and transfer them to the collecting
belts and others depending on centrifugal force,
involving the use of large and cumbersome rotat
ing parts and requiring close adjustments and
careful attention. The complicated construction
15 of these devices, with, their‘ attendant disad
vantages has heretofore been deemed necessary
to e?iciently collect the cigarettes at high
cigarette machine speeds without injuring their
ends.
In the present invention ' these disadvantages
have been avoided, the mechanical parts being
‘very simple and requiring no special adjustment
for proper operation. The main object of the
invention therefore is to provide a collector which
is free from these objections and capable of
successfully operating vat the highest cigarette
machine speeds attainable, which at the present
time is in the neighborhood of 2500 cigarettes‘per
minute. To this end, in the preferred embodi
ment‘ of the invention, each cigarette, after hav
ing been cut off from the cigarette rod, is pushed
along by the cigarette rod until it passes under
a rotating “speed-up” roll having a raised seg
ment which engages the cigarette and causes it
separating it- from the cigarette
rod. When the “speed-up” roll is about to re
' to speed up, thus
lease the cigarette, a
pusher . having an‘ . orbital
movement contacts with the side of the cigarette
and pushes it sidewise between ‘the collecting
means and a traveling friction surface which are
disposed transversely of the cigarette rod.
As its front face contacts with the side of the
cigarette the pushercontinues its orbital swing,
thereby traveling with the cigarette while in
serting it between the collecting means and the
traveling friction surface. ‘In one of the illus
trated embodiments of the invention the travel
ing surface may be a friction roller and the col
lecting means may be- a collecting belt, the
friction roller being mounted above the collect
ing belt and rotating with a peripheral speed
“equal to the linear speed of the belt. This-fric
tion roller is ‘spaced a distance above the belt
slightly less than the diameter of the cigarette,
so that the cigarette being pushed into saidspace
the‘cigarettes delivered from the cigarette ma
chine‘ cutoff‘ will be gently retarded and stopped 1
without injuring the ends of the cigarettes.
A further object of the invention, therefore,
is to retard and stop in a novel and more efficient
manner the axial motion of the cigarettes emerg
ing ‘from the cigarette machine cutoff.
10
-_ Without changing'the principle of operation,
but with minor modification of some parts of
the catcher, it can be made to transfer two
cigarettes at a time instead of one. The principal
changes necessary would be a larger“‘speed—up” 1,5
roll, a longer pusher operated by cranks of in
creased length, and double collecting belts and
friction rollers.
‘
1
The reason for the use of double collecting belts 20
is that they can be arranged to diverge slightly
so that the cigarettes of each pair will be sepa
rated into separate lanes as they travel towards
the delivery position.» This arrangement makes
it more convenient for‘ the operator to gather 25
them in than if they were all in one lane, particu
larly if the cigarettes‘are tipped, since-it is the
usual practice to apply cork tips. of double length
to ‘the cigarette paper'strip at intervals equal to
two cigarette lengths. The cigarette rod is: then
cut into individual cigarettes, onemcut being made 30
a
at the center of the applied cork strip, and an
other midway‘ between adjacent cork strips.
Every cork ‘strip on the rod will therefore pro
vide tips for two cigarettes, wherefore half of
the cigarettes emerging from the cigarette‘ma
chine cutoff will have tips on theirleading ends ‘
and the other half will have tips on their trailing
ends, and must be sorted» before being packaged.
With this embodiment-of the invention the
cigarettes will be separated into two rows and 40
sorted so that the tips of all the cigarettes in
one row will point in one direction and the tips
of all the cigarettes in the other row will point
in the opposite ‘direction.
Accordingly, still another object of the inven 45
tion is to» providean improved cigarette catcher
for collectingstipped cigarettes emerging from
the‘cigarette machine cutoff and sorting them
into two separate rows in which the tips all lie 50'
at the same side of the row.
With these and
other objects not spec‘ ?cally mentioned in view,_
the invention consists in certain constructions
and combinations hereinafter‘ fully described and
then speci?cally set forth in the claims hereunto
appended.’
‘
2
2,124,397
In the accompanying drawings which form a
part of this speci?cation and in which like char
acters of reference indicate the same or like
parts:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the preferred form of
the improved cigarette catcher;
'
cigarettes to accelerate and separate pairs of
cigarettes from the following cigarettes; the col
lecting means may include a traveling endless
belt or a pair of diverging endless belts, and the
friction surface may include a friction roller or
a pair of friction rollers, respectively; and said
Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view of the same show
device includes a pair of cranks, a pusher on
ing the operation of the pusher;
said cranks, and an abutment on said pusher
Fig. 3 is an end view (partly broken away) of “arranged to stop cigarettes having an excessive
the collector shown in Fig. 1;
a
‘ momentum. These various means and parts may
Fig. 4 is a front elevation of the same;
be widely varied in construction within the scope
Fig. 5 is a cross-section of the same on line‘ of the claims for the particular device selected
5-5 of Fig. 1;
a v
to illustrate the invention is but one of many
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section of the same on
possible concrete embodiments of the same. The
15 line 6—6 of Fig. 1;
invention, therefore, is not to be restricted to the 15
Fig. 7 is a cross-section of the same on line
'I—-‘! of Fig. 1;
v .
Fig. 8 is a schematic plan view of the pre
ferred form of cigarette collector showing the
20 ?rst cigarette cut from the cigarette rod about
to’ enter the collector;
‘
'
' Fig. 9 is a detail front view of the same;
Fig. 10 is a schematic plan view of the same
showing the ?rst cigarette after it has entered.
25 the collector, and about to be engaged by the
raised segment of the “speed-up” roll;
Fig. ll'is a front View of Fig. 10;
Fig. 12 is a schematic plan view of the preferred
type of collector, showing the cigarette after it
30 has been accelerated by the cam roller, and about
to be pushed into the space between the collect
ing belt and the friction roller;
‘
Fig. 13 is a front view of the same;
Fig. 14 is a schematic plan view of the same,
35 showing the ?rst cigarette gripped between col
lecting belt and friction roller, and a second cig
arette about to be engaged by the raised segment
of the “speed-up” roll;
Fig. 15 is a front .view of Fig. 14;
40'
Fig. 16 is a schematic plan view of a modi?ed
form of ‘cigarette catcher showing the ?rst pair
of cigarettes entering the collector and about to
be accelerated by the “speed-up” roll;
Fig. 17 is a. front view of the same;
45
'
Fig. 18 is a schematic plan view of the alterna
tive form of collector, showing the ?rst pair of
cigarettes about to be pushed into the space be
tween the double collecting belts and friction
rollers;
Fig. 19 is a front view of the same; and
Fig. 20 is a schematic plan view of the same
showing the ?rst pair of cigarettes after they
have been gripped between the collecting belts
and friction rollers, and the second pair of cig
55 arettes passing under the “speed-up” roll.
In carrying the invention into effect there is
provided mechanism arranged to receive ciga
rettes delivered lengthwise in end-to-énd rela
tion from a continuous rod cigarette machine
cutoff and separate them lengthwise, collecting
, means’ arranged transversely of the line‘ of cig
arettes delivered from the’cut'off, a traveling
friction surface overlying the collecting means to
engage cigarettes ‘thereon, and a device for push
ing the separated cigarettes sidewise between the
collecting means and traveling surface, whereby
the axial motion of the cigarettes is gently re
tarded and stopped. In the best constructions
said mechanismv includes‘a stationary plate on
which the cigarettes delivered from the cutoff
are guided, and a, rotating roll having a segment
of increased radius adapted either to engage the
top of each cigarette delivered onto said plate
, and accelerate it to separate it from the follow
75 ing cigarette, or to: engage the top of alternate
speci?c construction shown and described.
As this invention is applicable to any ciga
rette machine of the continuous rod type, no
description of the cigarette rod forming mech
anism or the cutoff is deemed necessary. The 20
disclosure of the invention will be con?ned to
a description of how the cigarettes, after they
have been cut off from the rod, are received by
the improved cigarette collector and assembled
in side-by-side row formation on the collecting
belt.
Referring now to the drawings, Figs. 1 to '7
inclusive, show the general construction of one
embodiment of the invention. The collector
shown therein is a complete unit arranged to
receive cigarettes in a single ?le from the ciga
rette machine cutoff. Its drive is connected to
and synchronized, with the main drive of the
cigarette machine.
The foremost cigarette C, Figs. 1, 2 and 3,
after having been cut off from the cigarette rod,
is pushed along by the rod until it passes under
a “speed-up” roll II
and having a raised
one end of a shaft I2
by gear I4 on shaft
formed of sponge rubber
segment I la mounted on
carrying a gear I3 driven 40
I5. At a predetermined
point the cigarette will be engaged by the raised
segment I Ia. of roll II and speeded up to sep
arate it from the cigarette rod. The periph
eral speed of the segment IIa on roll II is a 45
predetermined amount greater than the linear
speed of the cigarette rod to establish the de
sired separation of the cigarettes.
At the instant the segment Ila of roll II re
leases the cigarette, the pusher IB, which has 50
been previously swung alongside the cigarette,
continues traveling in its orbital path and pushes
the cigarette sidewise into the space between the
collecting means and the traveling friction sur
face. A collecting belt I'I, or any other suitable 55
type of conveyor, may be used for the collect
ing means, and the traveling friction surface
may be provided by a rubber friction roller, as
shown, or an endless conveyor.
The orbital
movement of the pusher bar I 6 is produced by its 60
mounting on crank pins I8 and I9 of the cranks
on crank-shafts 20 and 2I, respectively. On the
upper ends of the crank-shafts are mounted the
spiral gears 22 and 23 which mesh with spiral
gears 24 and 25, respectively, on the counter 65
shaft I5.
Gear 21 on shaft I5 meshes with a
train of gears, Figs. 1, 3, and 4, driven by pinion
28 on the main shaft 29 of the cigarette machine,
whereby synchronism between the roll II and
the pusher I6 and the cigarette machine is es 70
tablished. The friction roller 26 and the col
lecting unit I 1 are driven at the same linear speed
in a manner hereinafter described.
As the pusher I6 inserts the cigarette C be
tween the collectingbelt I‘! and friction roller 75
3
“2,124,397
asthe trainsof gears Twhich‘ drive‘the rollers II
and 25 always 'remain'inlmesh.
" ‘ _
servingto gently-retard and stop the axial'move
Figs. 16 to 20 "illustrate schematically a modi
ment of the “cigarettewithout injuring itsends. ?ed form of the invention" designed to advance
Furthermore, since the cigarette is‘ gripped fbe-_ two cigarettes at a time. Figs. 16 and'l'l show
26' the cigarette is gripped -»thereb'etween, ‘thereby V
tween surfaces traveling atjthe same speed the
the‘ foremost pair of cigarettes CI and C2 being
position of its seam will not be lost.
advanced into the catcherand the raised seg
'
'
In Figs; 8 and 9, what isassumed to bethe
foremost cigarette C, severed from the cigarette
rod R, is shown being pushed by the cigarette
10 rod and about to move under the roll II, the
raised: segment Ila at this time being vabove the
shaft I2 and thus allowing the cigarette C to
advance‘until it has reached a position as indi
cated in vFigs. 10 and 11, at which the raised seg
ment IIa- von roll “is just engaging with the‘
ment of the‘fspeed-up” roll I I I just making con
tact with the. second cigarette C2. Since the
peripheral speed of the raised segment of the
rollIIIis greater than ‘the linear speed of the
cigaretterod it‘ accelerates the cigarettes CI and
C2 and establishes'the desired space between the
cigarette C2 and the next cigarette C3, as shown
top of the cigarette. Since the peripheral speed
of pusher segment Ila. is greater than the linear
speed of the ‘cigarette rod R, ‘the cigarette CI is
speeded up and a' space'is established between it
,20 and the next cigarette C2, as indicated in Figs“ 12
and 13. When the raised segment Ila of the
roll II has released the cigarette Cl the front
face IBa of pusher I6, which during the period
of advance of the cigarette CI ‘has been pursuing
25 its orbital motion, reaches the'position where it
is lined up against the side of the cigarette.
Thereupon, as the pusher ‘I6 continues on its
‘orbital path, it pushes the cigarette into the space
between the transverse‘ collecting belt l1 and the
30 friction roller 26, as shown in Figs. 14 and 15.
The following cigarette C2, Figs. 14 and 15, is
now'dn' the same positionas the cigarette CI
‘was, Figs. 8 and 9, in'thehcycle just described,
and it will pass through the same operations?as
35 vdid cigarette CI‘, and so will all subsequent ciga
in Figs.‘ 18 and 19. ‘ When the roll I I I is about to
release the cigarette C2L~the movement of the
‘pusher It brings its front face Ilia up against
the two. cigarettes: whereby asi‘it continues its
orbital motion it pushes‘the two cigarettes into
the space between the diverging collecting belts 20
I Ila and I lit; and the friction rollers I26, as in
rettes so long as the cigarette rod‘ keeps feeding
them into the catcher.
'
"
'
-
‘ On the front face 16a of the pusher I6 there
is'provided'an abutment IBb which will serve to
dicated in Fig. 20.
'
As shown in Figs. 11 and 13 and Figs. 17 and
19, the segments onthe speed-up rolls Na and E25
l I Ia. are less in peripheral‘ length than the length
of the cigarette and. in their rotation engage
.thejcigarettes back of 1 their forward ends- and
release them ahead of their rearward ends, thus
engaging the body of the cigarette and avoiding 430
pressure on the m'orei‘i‘delicate ends 'of the ciga
rette.
I
'
i
’
I
-
v
In Fig. 20 there is alsoshown how the rows‘ of
cigarettes are separated as they are advanced on
the two diverging collecting belts “la and Il'Ib_
so that they- are delivered to the secondary col
lecting belt I50 in two separate lanes. ‘The use
of separate and diverging collecting belts is not
a necessary feature of this invention but it pos
sesses‘ several vadvantages which have already
stop cigarettes having-an excessive momentum.
been mentioned above.
The excessive momentum of the ‘cigarettes may
result from. various causes which produce ‘an
embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figs.
abnormally high speed of the cigarettes, and
need not be enumerated herein. Therefore; when
45 the cigarette is propelled with an abnormally
high velocity by the'roll II,'instead of traveling
against ‘a stationary stop (not shown), whereby
the cigarettes forma plurality of stacked layers
40
beyond the pusher I6 its axial “motion will‘be
stopped by'the abutment IBb while it isv being
inserted by the latter between the collecting belt
and friction roller. Abutment IE1) is adjustably
secured to the pusher I6 so as to permit of‘be
ing set" in theproper position. for cigarettes of
different lengths.
'
'
-
Bracket 30, which provides a bearing for the
55 shaft II ‘on which the roll II is mounted, is
hinged on shaft I5, and an adjusting screw 3|
in a lug 32 thereof abuts a ledge 33on the frame
34. ‘ By turning the screw 3| right or left the
space between the stationary table or plate 35
60 ‘and roll II can be adjusted to suit cigarettes of
different diameter. It should be noted that the
plate I‘Ia guides the cigarettes under the roll II
and into position to be delivered between the
collecting belt I1 and friction roller by the
65
pusher I6.
/
Bracket 35, which provides a
shaft 26a on which the roller 26
similarly hinged, and by turning
threaded in lug 35a_ and abutting
I
bearing for a
is mounted, is
a set screw 36
a ledge 3411 on
70 frame 34 adjustment for cigarettes ‘of different
diameter can be made;
Both bracket 30 and bracket 35 can be swung
out of the way so asto leave plenty of room
for inspection and cleaning. No disturbancein
75 timing will be caused by swinging these brackets
_
The cigarettes on the collecting belt I‘! of the
1 to 16, inclusive, may be delivered to a secondary
collecting belt (not shown) which carries them
on the secondary collectingb'elt. In a similar
manner the two rows of cigarettes on the second
ary collecting belt I50 (Fig. 20) ‘may be advanced
against a stationary stop, '(not shown) to stack 50
the cigarettes in a plurality of layers thereon.
This arrangement of primary'and secondary col
lecting beltsvis shown in Patent No. 1,885.892,
‘granted November 1, 1932, on the application of ‘
Wilhelm B. Bronander. _
While as illustrated the roll 26 is driven at the
same surfacespeed as the belt I1 because it is
preferred to maintain the seam of all cigarettes
up for inspection purposes, it should be under- I
stood that the roll 26 need not be driven but 5
could be left free to be rotated by the engage
ment of the cigarettes, orin fact it could be held
immovable to utilize only the'small portion of
its periphery adjacent the'belt, since the ciga
rettes would still be frictionallyengaged so as to
retard their longitudinal movement.
' ‘What is claimedisi
'
" _1. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-‘end relation from a continuous rod
70
cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged transverse
ly of the line of cigarettes delivered from the
'cutoffha'travelingffriction surface overlying said
collectingv means vvto» engage cigarettes thereon, 75
4
2,124,397
and a device for pushing the separated cigarettes
sidewise between said collecting means and travel
ing surface, whereby the axial motion of the
cigarettes will be gently retarded and stopped.
2. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous
rod cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged trans
10 versely of the line of cigarettes delivered from
the cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying
said collecting means to engage cigarettes there
on, and a device for pushing the separated ciga
rettes sidewise between said collecting means and
15 traveling surface, whereby the axial motion of
the cigarettes will be gently retarded and
stopped, said mechanism including a stationary
plate on which the cigarettes delivered from the
cutoff are guided, and -a rotating roll having a
20 segment of increased radius adapted to engage
the top of each cigarette delivered onto said
plate from the cutoif and accelerate it to separate
it from the following cigarette.
3. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
25 arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous
rod cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise,‘ collecting means arranged trans
versely of the line of cigarettes delivered from
30
the cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying
said collecting means to engage cigarettes there
on, and a device for pushing the separate ciga
rettes sidewise between said collecting means and
traveling surface, whereby the axial motion of
35 the cigarettes will be gently retarded and stopped,
said space by said device will be gradually gripped
and retarded.
6. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous rod
cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged transverse
ly of the line of cigarettes delivered from the 10
cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying said
collecting means to engage cigarettes thereon,
and a device for pushing the separated cigarettes
sidewise between said collecting means and trav
eling surface, whereby the axial motion of the 15
cigarettes will be gently retarded and stopped,
said device including a pair of crank shafts,
cranks on said shafts,’and a pusher pivotally con
nected to said cranks and adapted to push the
separated cigarettes sidewise between the collect 20
ing means and traveling surface.
7. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous rod
cigarette machine cutoff and separate them 25
lengthwise, collecting means arranged transverse
ly of the line of cigarettes delivered from the
cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying said
collecting means to engage cigarettes thereon,
and a device for pushing the separated cigarettes 30
sidewise between said collecting means and trav
eling surface, whereby the axial motion of the
cigarettes will be gently retarded and stopped,
said device including a 'pair of crank shafts,,
said mechanism including a stationary plate on
cranks on said shafts, a pusher pivotally con
which the cigarettes delivered from the cutoff
nected to said cranks and adapted to push the
separated cigarettes sidewise between the col
lecting means and traveling surface, and an abut
are guided, and a rotating roll having a segment
of increased radius adapted to engage the top
of alternate cigarettes delivered onto said plate
from the cutoff and accelerate and separate pairs
of cigarettes from the following cigarettes.
4. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
45 wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous
rod cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged trans
versely of the line of cigarettes delivered from the
cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying said
50 collecting means to engage cigarettes thereon,
and a device for-pushing the separated ciga
rettes sidewise between said collecting means and
traveling surface, whereby the axial motion of
the cigarettes will be gently retarded and stopped,
55 said collecting means including a traveling end
less belt, and said friction surface including a
rotary friction roller spaced above the belt a
distance slightlyv less than the diameter of a
cigarette pushed into said space by said device
will be gradually gripped and retarded.
5. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous rod
cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
65
the belts a distance less than the diameter of a
cigarette so that a pair of cigarettes pushed into
lengthwise, collecting means arranged transverse
ly of the line of cigarettes delivered from the cut
off, a, traveling friction surface overlying said col
lecting vmeans to engage cigarettes thereon, and a
devicefor pushing pairs of theseparated cigarettes
70 sidewise between said collecting means and travel
ing surface, whereby the axial motion of the ciga
rettes will be gently retarded and stopped, said
collecting means including a plurality of traveling
endless belts, and said frictional surface includ
75 ing a pair of rotary friction rollers spaced'above
35
ment on said pusher arranged to stop cigarettes
having an excessive momentum.
8. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous
rod cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged trans
45
versely of the line of cigarettes delivered from the
cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying said
collecting means to engage cigarettes thereon,
and a device for pushing pairs of the separated
cigarettes sidewise between said collecting means
and traveling surface, whereby the axial motion
50
of the cigarettes will be gently retarded and
stopped, said device including a pair of crank
shafts, cranks on said shafts, and a pusher piv
otally connected to said cranks and adapted to
push separated pairs of cigarettes sidewise be
tween the collecting means and traveling surface.
9. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism
arranged to- receive cigarettes delivered length
wise in end-to-end relation from a continuous
rod cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise, collecting means arranged trans~
versely of the line of cigarettes delivered from the
cutoff, a traveling friction surface overlying said 65
collecting means to engage cigarettes thereon,
and a'device for pushing pairs of the separated
cigarettes sidewise between said collecting means
and traveling surface, whereby the axial motion
of the cigarettes will be gently retarded and 70
stopped, said device including a pair of crank
shafts, cranks on said shafts, a pusher pivotally
connected to said cranks and adapted to push
separated pairs of cigarettes sidewise between the
collecting means ‘and traveling surface, and an 75
.5
_ "2,124,397
‘traveling friction surfaces overlying said. convey
abutment ‘on 's'aidzpusher arranged to .stop‘ciga; ’;ors to‘ engage cigarettes thereon'yand :a device for
.,
rettes" having an . excessive momentum.
pushing ‘the separated pairs of cigarettes sidewise
- 5?» 10..’ Inna cigarette , collector for collecting tipped
between the collectingbelts and traveling sur
‘faces, whereby ‘the axial motion of the cigarettes (5
l'ci‘garettealthe combination with mechanism ar
ranged to vreceive tipped cigarettesv delivered
will .rbesgently retarded and stopped and the ciga
lengthwisein end-to-end relation from a continu
ous ‘rod ‘cigarette machine l cutoff and separate
them lengthwise in pairs, of “a pair of ‘diverging
:‘collecting :belts arranged obliquely of the line of
10 cigarettes delivered‘from the cutoff, a pair of
traveling ‘frictional ‘surfaces overlying‘ said‘ ‘con
av‘eyo‘rs to engage cigarettes thereon, and a device
rettes will be collectedin two rows in .side-by-side
formation with the tipped ends of. the cigarettes
--in ,eachlrow all facingin the same direction, said
device including a pair of crankshafts, a‘ pair of
1.0 ,
cranks on said shafts, and a pusher pivotally con
nected to said cranks and adapted to-push the
separated pairs of cigarettes sidewise between
‘for ‘pushing the separated pairs of cigarettesside :said collecti-ngbelts and friction rol1ers.~
‘wiselbetween-the collecting belts and‘traveling
l4. ,Ina cigarette collector for collecting tipped 15
‘surfaces, whereby-the axial motion of ‘the ciga
cigarettes,‘ the combination with mechanism ar- ,
rettes will'fbe ‘gently retarded and stoppedand the ranged to receive tipped cigarettes delivered
cigarettes‘jwillbe collected'in two rows in side-by
lengthwise in end-:to-end relation from a con
tsideformation with the {tipped- ends of the ‘ciga
tinuous rod cigarette machine cutoff and sepa
"rettes in each row all-facing‘in the same direc
rate them lengthwise in pairs, of a vpair of di- ‘20
verging collecting ibelts, arranged obliquely .of the
20 tion.
11.
In a cigarette collector for-collecting tipped
l'ci‘garettes, the combination ‘with mechanism ar
line of cigarettes delivered from the cutoff, a pair
‘of traveling friction surfaces overlying said con
‘rr‘anged to receive tipped cigarettes delivered
tinuous rod cigarette machine-cutoff and separate
veyors toengage cigarettes thereon, andadevice
,:for pushing thelseparated pairs of cigarettes side- (25
wise zbetween the ‘collecting belts and traveling
cigarettes delivered {from the cutoff, a ‘pair of
surfaces, whereby the axial motion of the ciga
rettes vwill ‘be {gently retarded and. stopped and
.:the cigarettes will ibezcollected in two rows in
‘lengthv‘riseeiin end-to-end ‘relation from a con
:25 Ithem ‘lengthwise in pairs, of a pair of diverging
“collecting belts arranged‘ obliquely of the line of
‘traveling friction surfaces overlying said lconvey- ,
30
‘ors to engage cigarettes‘thereon, and a device for
‘pushing the *separatedpairs' of (cigarettes sidewise
between the collecting ‘fbelts 1and ‘traveling sur
faces, whereby the axial-motion of the cigarettes
"will ‘be “gently retarded ‘and vstopped and the vciga
retteswillbe collectedin‘two rows inside-by-side
35 "formation with the tipped ends of the cigarettes
jin‘leac'h row all facing in the same direction, said
"mechanism including ‘a stationary plate ‘ on which
‘the cigarettes. #delivered from the cutoff are
side-‘by-side formation ‘with the tipped ends of-:_3o
the cigarettes in each row all facing in the same
“direction, said device including a pair of crank ,
shafts, a pair :of cranks ‘on said shafts, a pusher
pivotally connected to .said cranks and adapted
to pushthe separated pairs of cigarettes sidewise {35
between said collecting :beltsand friction rollers,
.4 and an abutment -.on said pusher adaptedto stop
cigarettes :having an excessive momentum. .
:l5. ‘The combination with a stationary plate
arranged to guide cigarettes delivered lengthwise .40
"guided, and -a rota-ting ‘roll 3having va segment of
40 ‘increased radius adapted to engage the top of »-in,;end-,to-.endrelation from a'continuous. rod
machine cutoff, collecting ~means ar
‘alternate cigarettes'delivered- onto saidplate from cigarette
ranged transversely of the line of cigarettes de
the vcutoff and'accelerate-and separate ‘pairs of
cigarettes ‘from ‘the following cigarettes.
v
-
ilivered from ‘the cutoff , .,a traveling friction sur
face overlying said collecting means to engage 45
‘12¢ I-n-acigarette collector‘for collecting tipped cigarettesthereon,.andadevice for pushing the
cigarettes, 'thegcom'b'ination j;with mechanism ar cigarettes :on said .plate ‘sidewise between said
‘ranged to receive v‘tipped, cigarettes ‘delivered “collecting means.andxtravelingsurface.
lengthwise in endeto-endv lrelation ‘from a con
tinuous rod cigaretteYmachine cutoff andseparate
them 1‘ lengthwise in ‘pairs, ‘of a ‘pair of i diverging
,16. Mechanism arranged to receive cigarettes
delivered in end-.to-end relation‘ from a vcontinu- ‘50
one trod cigarette ,machine cutoff and separate
:them :in pairsilengthwise, including a stationary
‘cigarettes delivered from the cutoff,a pair of ;.plate.on .which the cigarettes delivered from the
"traveling friction ‘surfaces overlying said con ‘cutoff ‘are guided, anda rotating roll having a
"veyor's to engagecigarettes thereon,‘and a'device segment of increased radius adapted to engage x55
“for pushing the separated pairs‘of cigarettes‘side ithe top of alternate cigarettes delivered onto said
wise ‘lbetween the collecting belts andltraveling “plate fromrthe cutoff and accelerate and separate
*surfacea'whereby ‘the axial motion of the ciga tpairs .ofr'cigarettes .fromthe following cigarettes.
rettes will be gently retarded and stopped and-‘the
.:l7..A device for “pushing traveling cigarettes
cigarettes will be collected in two rows-in side-by ‘sidewise, including a pair of crank shafts, cranks 460
s'i'de formation with ‘the tipped ends‘ of the ciga aonsaid shafts, ta ‘pusher pivotally connected to
i-r'e‘ttes in-ieach-rowlall .facingiin the same direc said cranks-"and- adaptedto push cigarettesside
1tion, said friction :surfaces including aapair of =wise,:and an-abutment on said pusher arranged to
150 collecting fbelts arranged obliquely of the line of
Irotary frictionrollers {spaced above-the collecting
‘belts asdistance slightly less than the ‘diameter
‘stop cigarettes'having an excessive momentum. -
>'18."A device vfor pushing sidewise cigarettes i165
of faicigarette sothat‘ithe pair of cigarettes pushed itraveling endwise in a line, including alpusher
“into said space 'by'isaid- device will be gradually "having ‘a cigarette-engaging surface, and‘ means
‘forgiving said pushera sidewise >movement to
igripped‘;a'ndretarded.
I‘
’
‘ '
>
Y v1>3.‘-In-'a cigarette collectonforj collecting tipped "pushi-rthe cigarettes and also a movement‘ in the
cigarettes, ‘the combination with mechanism ar
direction ofv-traveliof said line, and anabutment 17.0
ranged ; to receive tipped "cigarettes delivered fen-said pusheriin-lthe-ipath‘ of movement of ciga
llengthwise tin end-'toéend relation from a con -~rettes sliding I longitudinally lalonggsaid surface
tinuous rod cigarette~machinecutoff and separate ‘"asithey' are‘beingpushedsidewise.
‘them lengthwise lin; ‘pairs, of *a pair" of diverging
' 1119. cigaretteicollector compnsing mechanism
collecting belts'arranged obliquely-of the line of iarrangedito1receive>cigarettesyidelivered1 length- 175
17,5 "cigarettes v--de1ivered.‘ from the cutoff, ‘ a @pair of
v6
2,124,397
(wise in end to end relation from a continuous rod
cigarette - machine
cutoff,
endless . collecting
means having a continuous operating surface ar
ranged transversely of and in the same plane as
the line of cigarettes delivered from the cutoff
and a friction surface overlying said collecting
means to grip cigarettes between said continuous
surface and said friction surface, and a device for
pushing the cigarettes sidewise between said col
'10
lecting means and friction surface, whereby the
axial motion of the cigarettes will be retarded.
20. A cigarette collector comprising a moving
segmental roll arranged to engagethe cigarettes
delivered lengthwise in end to end relation from
15 a continuous rod cigarette machine cutoff and
space them lengthwise, of a device for displacing
the separated cigarettes sidewise from said line,
and means operating said device in timed rela
tion to the operation of said roll to engage and
'20 displace the separated cigarettes just as the same
are released by said roll, to maintain control of
the cigarette.
21. A cigarette collector for continuous rod
cigarette machine from which cigarettes are de
25 livered lengthwise in a line, means moving the
cigarettes out of said line in multiples, and mech
anism conveying the multiples away from said
means in rows and causing a separation between
the adjacent ends of the cigarettes of said rows.
the cigarettes‘ are displaced by said mechanism
for arresting both the lengthwise and sidewise
movements of the cigarettes, said means includ
ing opposed cigarette gripping surfaces, and
means for giving said surfaces substantially
equal movement in the same direction to retain
a predetermined position of the paper seam of
successive cigarettes.
26. In a cigarette catcher, the combination
with means arranged to receive cigarettes in 10
end-to-end relation from a cigarette machine
cut-off and accelerate them to- separate them
lengthwise, of mechanism for moving the sepa
rated cigarettes sidewise, and means for retard
ing the longitudinal movement of the cigarettes
while they are moved sidewise including mem
bers providing opposed friction surfaces one of
which travels transversely of the rod and the
other of which is immovable between which the
cigarettes are gripped.
27. A cigarette collector for collecting ciga 20
rettes delivered in an endwise moving line from
a continuous rod cigarette machine, comprising
a transversely moving element for delivering suc
cessive cigarettes sidewise from said line, spaced
members having opposed surfaces spaced less
than a cigarette diameter apart arranged on op
posite sides of the path of the cigarette delivered
sidewise by said member to grip the cigarette
30
22. A cigarette collector comprising mechanism between them and thus frictionally retard its
arranged to receive cigarettes delivered length
longitudinal movement, one of said members 30
wise in end to end relation from a continuous rod having its operating portion provided with a
cigarette machine cutoff and separate them relatively thick layer of compressible material.
lengthwise, a traveling belt arranged for move
28. A cigarette collector for collecting ciga
35 ment transversely of the line of cigarettes de
rettes delivered in an endwise moving line from
livered from the cutoff, a member having a fric
a continuous rod cigarette machine, comprising 35
tion surface arranged to press cigarettes against a transversely moving element for'delivering suc
said traveling belt and a transversely moving de
cessive cigarettes sidewise from said line, spaced
vice having a portion entering between said sur
members having opposed surfaces spaced less
40 face and belt to engage a cigarette up to the point than a cigarette diameter apart arranged on op
where said cigarette is gripped between said sur
posite sides of the path of the cigarette deliv 40
face and belt for. positively pushing the separated ered sidewise by said member to grip the ciga
cigarettes sidewise between said traveling belt and rette between them and thus frictionally retard
surface whereby the lengthwise movement of the its longitudinal movement, one of said members
- cigarettes will be retarded.
being formed of a relatively compressible mate
23. In a double cigarette collector for continu
rial, said material consisting of rubber.
ous rod cigarette machines from which cigarettes
29. A cigarette collector comprising a station
issue in an. endwise moving line, a cigarette sepa
ary plate arranged to receive and support the
rator for separating a pair ofcigarettes as a
unit from the remaining cigarettes of the line,
including a cigarette engaging element traveling
at a speed greater than the rod and engaging
every other cigarette only, and a pusher moving
transversely of said line to displace said sepa
55 rated pair from said line.
24. In a cigarette collector for collecting tipped
cigarettes, the combination with mechanism ar
ranged to receive cigarettes ‘delivered lengthwise
in’ end to end relation from a continuous rod
60 cigarette machine cutoff and separate them
lengthwise in pairs, of transverse conveyor means
arranged at right angles to the line of cigarettes,
means having a friction surface overlying said
conveyor to engage cigarettes thereon, and. a de
65 Vice for pushing the separated cigarettes side
Wise between the conveyor and said surface
whereby the lengthwise motion of said cigarettes
will be retarded and the cigarettes will be collected
in two rows with the tipped ends of the cigarettes
70 in any one row facing in the same direction.
cigarettes delivered lengthwise in end to end re
lation from a continuous rod cigarette machine
cutoff, a roll rotating at a peripheral speed 50
greater than that of the cigarette rod arranged
in overlying relation to said plate to engage the
cigarettes resting thereon to space them length
wise, a device for displacing the cigarettes side
wise from said line and means operating said
device in timed relation to the operation of said
roll.
30. A cigarette collector comprising in com—
binationva stationary cigarette supporting plate
arranged to receive cigarettes in line as they are
delivered from the cutoff of a continuous rod
cigarette machine, a cigarette displacer, means
imparting motion to said displacer transverse to
the line of travel of the cigarettes to displace
them sidewise from said line and a moving spacer
element arranged above said plate in position to
engage the cigarettes in said line and slide them
along said plate into the range of action of said
pusher, said element having a cigarette engaging 70
25. A cigarette collector comprising mecha surface with relatively, high coef?cient of friction
nism arranged to receive cigarettes delivered as compared ‘with said plate, and means for driv
lengthwise in a line from a continuous rod ciga
ing said element at a surface speed greater than
rette machine cutoff, mechanism for moving .cig
rod speed to separate the cigarettes.
-
75 arettes sidewise from said line, means into which
31. A cigarette collector comprising in com 75
7
2,124,397
bination a, stationary cigarette supporting plate
arranged to receive cigarettes in line as they are
delivered from the cutoff of a continuous rod
adapted to engage and lightly grip each ciga
rette against said stationary support behind the
leading end of the cigarette and disengage it in
front of its trailing end, and means for rotating
cigarette machine, a cigarette displacer, means said roll at a peripheral speed greater than the
imparting motion to said displacer transverse to rod speed of the cigarette machine.
the line of travel of the cigarettes to displace
33. In a cigarette machine in which cigarettes
them sidewise from said line and a moving spacer are delivered in an endwise moving line, the
element arranged above said plate in position to combination with means affording a support for
engage the cigarettes in said line and slide them the cigarettes adjacent said line, of a member 10
10 along said plate into the range of action of said having a cigarette engaging portion moving
pusher, said element having a, cigarette engaging transversely relative to said line and being
surface with relatively high coef?cient of fric
formed of rubber for yieldingly engaging and
7 tion as compared with said plate, and means for
driving'said element at a surface speed greater
15
than rod speed to separatethe cigarettes, said
element comprising a roller having its cigarette
engaging periphery formed of yieldable material.
32. Means for accelerating cigarettes delivered
endwise from-a cigarette machine cutoff, com
prising a longitudinally extending stationary
20
plate for supporting the endwise moving ciga
rettes and a rotating roll having a raised segment
frictionally gripping the cigarettes against said
support while imparting a movement to the same 15
transversely relative to said line, and means for
moving the longitudinal traveling cigarettes from
said line directly into the range of action of said
member to frictionally retard the longitudinal
movement thereof.
‘
GEORGE W. GWINN.
JAMES W. LEARY.
20.
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