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Патент USA US2124696

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July' 23, 1938.
w. J, HALL
, 2,124,696
Filed Oct. 12, 1936
144222477? J7 ?n]! ‘
Patented July 26, 1938
- 2,124,696
William J. Hall, Detroit, Mich., assignor to Her
ron-Zimmers Moulding 00., Detroit, Mich., a
corporation of Illinois
Application October 12, 1936, Serial No. 105,254
1 Claim. (Cl. 268—102)
This invention relates to window regulators and ing it to form with the panels It and It the win
in particular relates to window regulators for dow openings.
passenger trailer windows.
An object of the present invention is to provide
5 an improved window regulator which is adapted
to take up a minimum of space when the window
is closed or open.
Another object of the present invention is to
provide an improved window regulator formed of
10 elements so constructed and arranged relative
to each other that when the elements are in one
position a rigid regulator of one length is ob
tained while when the elements are in another
position they may be pivoted relative to each
C. other so that a regulator of less length is obtained.
Another object of the present invention is to
provide an improved regulator which co-operates
with a member mounted on a window frame
structure to- secure the window in closed position
or co-operates with a portion of the frame struc
ture to hold the window in one of several open
The window openings l8 are preferably sub
stantially rectangular in shape and a frame struc
ture generally indicated at 22 is given a comple
mentary shape and ?ts snugly within the window
opening. The frame structure 22 comprises side
elements 24 and 26, top elements 28 and bottom
elements 30, the elements being joined together
at their ends to form the frame outline.
The side elements 26 and 26 are substantially
identical to each other and a detailed description
of one will suffice for both. The element 26 pref
erably is formed from a single sheet metal mem
her having a substantially straight body portion 32 is
which is bent outwardly adjacent its outer edge
to form a curved ?ange 34, the outer edge of which
abuts against the outer face of panel l4 when
the frame is in position within its opening. The
remaining portion of the sheet metal member is 1:
bent inwardly substantially normal to the straight
portion 32 to form an inwardly directed ?ange
A further object of the invention is to provide portion 36 which extends in a direction opposite
an improved window regulator which is simple and to that of the ?anged portion 313. The ?ange por
after set forth.
In the drawing in which like numerals are used
tion 36 is bent to form oppositely facing channels 11
38 and 4B, the channel 38 opening outwardly and
the channel iill opening inwardly. For a simpli
?ed construction the channels 38 and 40 have one
common wall it? and the walls of each of the
channels converge towards the channel opening 34)
to designate like parts in the several views
for a purpose to be described hereinafter.
opening 4! is provided in the ?ange portion 36 ad
jacent its inner edge substantially midway of the
length of the ?ange 3'6 and provides an opening
through which the window regulator extends in
3 economical to manufacture.
Other objects of the invention will become ap
parent from the following speci?cation, the draw
ing relating thereto, and from the claim herein
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a vehicle
and trailer embodying features of the present in
Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken
substantially along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken
substantially along the line 3--3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view taken substan
tially along the line é—4 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view taken substan
tially along the line 5-5 of Fig. 2.
For the purpose of illustration an embodiment
of the present invention is shown in the drawing
in which in Fig. 1 an automobile I0 is partially
illustrated having connected thereto a trailer I2.
The trailer body is formed having outer panels
;; } M and inner panels i6 spaced therefrom with
a manner to be described more in detail herein
The elements 28 and 30 are substantially the
same in structure to the elements 2% and 26 ex
cept that in the elements 28 and 29 the opening 40
4| is omitted. The ends of each of the frame
elements are formed with an angle of 45° so that
each of the elements may be joined at right
angles with its. adjacent element, providing a
frame outline having a central opening there
A screen Mi is stretched over the frame
structure covering the opening, the edges of the
screen extending over the ?anges 36 and into
the channels Kill. An opening is provided in the
screen d4 over the opening 4! so as not to ob— r
openings l8 therethrough providing window open
struct this opening.
ings. The panels M and it are connected ad
jacent the Window opening by vertical side mem
bers 29 and horizontal members 2!, each having
one edge thereof ?ush with the edges of the open
The edge of the screen is retained within the
channel [it by means of a compressible elongated
member 46 which is preferably paper cord, raw
hide or the like. The compressible element 46
is pressed downwardly into the channel 40 along
the length thereof with the edge of the screen be
contacting the side walls thereof and is rigidly
tween the inner faces of the channel and the
member 46. When the member 46 is pressed into
secured thereto by means of rivets T8 or the like.
The member 16 is provided with an opening
place within the channel 40 the converging sides
of the channel will prevent its accidental displace
therethrough adjacent its outer end for pivotal
ment from the channel and thereby retain the
attachment to bracket members 80.
The bracket members 80 are suitably secured
to the inner face of the channels 54 by means
screen in place.
The inner edges of the window openings l8 are
10 preferably given a ?nished appearance by cover
ing the inside corners of the openings with metal
members 48.
A window 50 is pivotally mounted preferably
along its top edge within the window openings
15 93 on the outside of the screen 44. The window
58 includes a transparent portion 52 mounted
within a substantially channel shaped frame
member 54, provided with wooden blocks 56 ex
tending‘ along the base of the channel member
20 54. To reduce the shock on the transparent por
tion 52 and to provide an effective seal a resilient
I'elt member 58 is interposed between the edge
portions of the transparent pane 52 which ex
tends within the channel member 54 and the
channel member.
In order to pivotally mount the window 5!] a
hinge 60 similar in construction to the hinge
disclosed in the patent to William H. Hall, No.
1,987,775 of January 15, 1935, is provided pref
30 erably along the top edge of the window. The
hinge 69 comprises a female portion 62 having
an outwardly directed ?ange portion 64 which
is complementary in shape to the ?ange portion
34 on the frame structure 25 and is suitably se
cured thereto by spot welding or any other suit
able manner. A male member 66 ?ts within the
female member 62 and is curved complementary
in shape to the interior curvature of the female
member 62. The male member 66 is provided
40 with a downwardly extending ?ange 68 which is
suitably secured as by spot welding or the like
to the top channel member 54 of the window
structure. Axial movement of the hinge mem
bers relative to each other is prevented in a man
45 ner described in the above referred to patent.
In order to provide an effective seal for the
window 58 a sealing strip ‘Ill, preferably of a
resilient rubber material is mounted within the
channel 38 along its length having a portion ex
50 tending beyond the opening of the channel. The
rubber member '10 is securely held in place in
the channel 38 by the converging sides of the
In order to provide a regulator for the window
55 56 which will either securely hold the window
in closed position against the resilient sealing
member ‘ill or will support the window in open
position, a window regulator is provided which
is preferably mounted to the upstanding ‘sides of
the window and extends through the frame ele
ment 26 into the interior of the vehicle so that
it may be conveniently operated from the pas
senger compartment.
extends into one end of the tubular section 12
The regulators are sub
stantially identical to each other and a descrip
65 tion of one will su?ice for both.
The window regulator comprises an interme
diate section 72 which is preferably formed from
a single sheet metal member in the form of a
substantially flat transversely elongated tube
70 having substantially ?at sides 72 and being open
at its end. A substantially ?at elongated mem
ber 76 having a transverse sectional shape sub
stantially the same as the interior of the tubular
section 12 provides a rigid extension of the tubu
75 lar section 72. The inner end of the member 16
of the ?anges 82 and are spaced from each other.
The member 76 is positioned therebetween and 10
pivotally secured relative to the bracket mem
bers by means of a pin 84 which extends through
the opening in the member 16. When the win
dow is in closed position the bracket members
Bil extend through the opening 4| in the frame 15
element 26 and when the window is opened the
regulator is moved through the opening.
The tubular member 12 has a portion of its
under side cut away as at 86 to provide an open
ing in the underside adjacent the inner or lower 20
end of the tubular section for a purpose to be
Another substantially flat elongated member
88 is mounted in the lower or inner end of the
tubular section 12 and has a transverse sectional 25
shape substantially complementary to that of the
interior of the tubular section. The member 88
is provided with an elongated longitudinally ex
tending opening 90 adjacent the end which ex
tends into the lower or inner end of the tubular
section 12 and is mounted relative thereto by
means of a pin 92. The pin 92 extends through
the side wall 14 of the tubular element and
through the opening 90 in the member 88 to
secure the member 88 relative to the tubular sec~ 35
tion and permit relative pivotal movement be
tween the members.
Notches 94 and 96 are provided in the mem
bers l6 and 88, respectively, and these notches
are adapted to cooperate with the lower edge of 40
the opening 4| to hold the window open as indi
cated in the dotted lines in Fig. 2. The opening
4| is preferably reinforced at that portion con
tacting the notches 96 with a member 98 com
plementary in shape to the notches 94 and 96 45
so that the window is ?rmly held in its open
The provision of the cutaway portion 86 in the
tubular section 72 and the elongated opening 90
in the member 88 form important features of the 50
present invention, as it can be seen from an in
spection of Fig. 2 that by this structure the mem
ber 88 may be either positioned to form a rigid
extension of the tubular section 12 or may be
pivoted relative thereto so as to reduce the extent 55
to which the regulator would extend into the
passenger compartment. When the pin 92 con
tacts the outermost part of the opening 90 the
member 88 may be pivoted relative to- the tubular
section 12 and will extend to within the cutaway 60
portion 86 when pivoted as indicated in the
dotted lines in Fig. 2. By moving the element 88
along its opening Bil in line with the tubular sec
tion 72, the outer end of the member 88 engages
the inner walls of the tubular section 12 and in 65
this position the member 88 provides a rigid ex~
tension of the tubular section.
From the above it can be seen that the window
may be opened to one position by engaging the
slot 94 with the member 93 and in this position 70
the member 38 is pivoted relative to the tubular
section as indicated in the dotted lines in Fig. 2.
The member 88 may be positioned as described
above to form a rigid extension of the tubular
section and in this position the notch 96 may 75
be placed in engagement with the member 90 to
hold the window in its outermost position. From
the above description is can be seen that a sim
invention the scope of which is commensurate
may be maintained in several open positions and
a minimum of space is taken up by the
with the appended claim.
What I claim is:
A window regulator comprising a relatively
?at tubular section forming the intermediate
portion of said regulator, a substantially flat
member extending into one end of said tubular
pli?ed structure is provided by which a window
In order to securely hold the window in closed
position a member I02 preferably in the form of
a simple block is mounted on the ?ange 26 spaced
a suitable distance below the lower edge of the
opening 4| and is adapted to bear against the
tubular element ‘I2 when the Window is in closed
position. To hold the window in closed position
15 the member 88 is moved along the opening 90 to
form a rigid extension of the tubular section and
is provided with an opening I04 in the lowermost
end thereof. The block I02 forms a fulcrum
point about which the regulator as a lever
20 may be turned, and by providing a pin I06, suit
ably secured for example to the members 48 in a
position in alignment with the opening I04, the
outer end of the pin I06 extends through the
opening I04 to maintain the regulator element in
bearing engagement against the member I02 to
securely hold the window against the resilient
element ‘I0 in closed position.
Formal changes may be made in the speci?c
embodiment of the invention described without
30 departing from the spirit and substance of the
section engaging the inner walls thereof and
forming a rigid extension thereof, means ?xedly
securing said member to said tubular section, 10
another substantially ?at member extending
into the other end of said tubular section, means
forming a longitudinally extending opening in
that end of said last named member which ex
tends into said tubular section, means pivotally 15
securing said last named member to said tubular
section through said opening, said tubular sec
tion having a portion of one side removed at the
end adjacent said last named member, the con
struction and arrangement being such that said
last named member may be pivoted relative to
said tubular member by movement into said re
moved portion and may be moved along said
opening into engagement with the inner walls of
said tubular section to form a rigid extension 25
thereof, means pivotally engaging said ?rst
named member to - said window, and means
forming notches in said members.
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