Патент USA US2124698код для вставки
July 26, 1938*. 0. W. HARMS 2,124,698 SIGN Filed April 26, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 53 C Patented July 26, 1938 2,124,698 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIQE 2,124,698 SIGN Otto W. Harms, Chicago, Ill. Application April 26, 1937, Serial No. 138,907 2 Claims. (Cl. 40—32) This invention relates to signs. One of the ob Fig. 8 is a front elevation of a modi?ed form of jects of the invention is to provide a sign in the invention. which the display travels or is stationary and Fig. 9 is an enlarged, vertical cross-section taken having novel features which tend to attract and on the line 9-9 of Fig. 8. 5 arrest the attention of passersby. Another object Fig. 10 is a detail, enlarged, fragmental front 5 is to provide a sign in which the letters or char elevation of the display plate support illustrated acters are transparent, whereas, the remainder of in Fig. 8. the face of the sign is opaque, whereby when the Fig. 11 is a detail, vertical cross-section taken sign is illuminated from behind, the letters and on the line I l--l I of Fig. 10. 10 characters forming the display will be perfectly Fig. 12 is a detail, horizontal section taken on 10 clear, distinct and legible in the dark as well as the line l2—-l2 of Fig. 10. in the light. Another object is to provide a sign Fig. 13 is a detail, enlarged front elevation of with plate supporting members having spaced one of the character display plates. openings therein for the reception of plates Fig. 14 is a horizontal cross-section taken on the 15 which have cut-out portions outlining the letters line lll-—l4 of Fig. 13. 15. or characters or are made transparent, and the surface portion thereof made opaque around out lines which de?ne letters or characters. Another object is to provide a sign in which the character 20 displaying plates are carried by a belt contained in a case and propelled by suitable means to pass by a sight opening in the front of the case, whereby a relatively long legend may be pre sented to persons looking at the sign. Another ‘25 object is to provide character displaying plates which may pass around rollers or other belt car rying means. Another object is to provide means . whereby the gaps between adjacent character displaying plates are covered so as to prevent 30 any light from passing through the gaps between adjacent edges of the plates. Other objects and advantages will appear in the course of this speci?cation and, with all of said objects and advantages in view, this inven 35 tion consists in the several novel features of con struction, arrangement and combination of parts hereinafter fully set forth and claimed. The invention is clearly illustrated in the draw ings accompanying this speci?cation in which: 40 Referring to said drawings and ?rst of Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, which illustrate the invention ap plied to a sign in which the character displaying plates travel, the reference character [5 desig nates a rectangular case of any suitable construc- 20; tion, formed with a sight opening I‘? in its front wall l8. Rotatively mounted in said case ad jacent each end thereof are rollers i9, 23 and I9“, 28*‘, the rollers l9 being arranged in pairs as shown, and the rollers 20 being disposed in- 25 termediate those of the pairs. The rollers I941, 2|]a are disposed diagonally opposite each other at two corners of the case. Trained around said rollers is an endless belt 2! which carries the character displaying plates 22 andapropels said 30 ' plates along the sight opening in the front wall of the case where they are exposed to View. One of the rollers, as for example the one designated by I9“, is a driving roller and is rotated by a motor 23 which may be in the form of a spring 35 motor, an electric motor or other power device. In Fig. 2 the belt 21 is shown diagrammatically. Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a sign embodying one form of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section therethrough. One or more electric light bulbs 24, or any other source of illumination, is placed behind that part of the belt which passes by the sight open- 40 ing, and re?ectors 25 may be employed in con nection with the electric light bulbs to direct the Fig. 3 is a detail, enlarged, fragmental front elevation of the plate carrying belt illustrated in rays of light towards the sight opening in the front wall of the case, whereby the transparent 45 Figs. 1 and 2. Fig. 4 is a detaiL'enlarged, vertical cross-sec tion taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a detail, enlarged horizontal section taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3. 50 Fig. 6 is a front elevation of a fragment of a modi?ed form of plate carrier and illustrates two of the character displaying plates associated with said form of carrier. Fig. 7 is a plan of the plates illustrated in 55 Fig. 6. letters or characters formed in or by the plates 45 22 may be made perfectly legible and distinct in the dark as well as the light. The belt 2| is desirably composed of two closely spaced ?exible upper bands 26 and a ?exible lower U shaped band 2'! (see Figs. 3 and 4) 50 connected by upright plate spacing members 28. The bands and spacing members may be composed of leather or other suitable belting so as to enable the belt to pass around the rollers, and the character displaying plates are ?exible 55 2 3 2,124,698 so that they may pass around the rollers. The secured at their ends to the strips 261*, 218*. Be upright plate spacing members 28 are desirably tween above and below the sets of strips are H shaped in cross-section as seen in Fig. 5, and strips or sheets 36 extending the entire length each may be composed of two short strips secured of the frame and serving to exclude light from the spaces between the several rows of letters. The sheets 36 may be soldered to or may form together along their. median lines by a row of stitches 29, which stitches may also be used to fasten the plate spacing members 28 to the bands 26, 21. The bands and plate spacing mem part of the rear strips 2'1BL and the forwardly disposed strips 2‘!a have their lower edges se cured to the rear strips 2'!a or to the sheets 36 bers provide rectangular spaces 30 in which are so as to provide grooves for the reception of the 10 received the character displaying plates 22, which may be slid down through the slots between the bands 26 and down through the grooves in the plate spacing members 28, bringing the lower: edge portions of the plates into the groove formed in the U shaped lower band 21. ' The character display plates may be construct ed in various ways. For instance, the bodies 3| thereof may be made of thin flexible sheet metal, cardboard or the like as shown in Fig. 3 and the body of each plate may be cut out to de?ne a letter or other character as at 32. To the rear face of the body 3| is adhesively secured a thin, transparent sheet 33X, such as Cellophane, and it may have any desirable color. An assortment of character display plates containing the various letters of the alphabet, digits, etc. may accom~ pany each sign so that the user thereof may read ily' set up any display matter which is par 30 ticularly desirable for advertising his goods. Between the words displayed, opaque plates 33 are placed in the belt so as to prevent light from passing through the spaces between the plates that display the words. The plate spacing mem bers 28 and opaque plates 33 exclude all light ex cept that which passes through the transparent letters or characters, thereby preventing any un_ pleasant streaks of light to escape through the sight opening at the front of the case. In Figs. 6 and '7 a fragment of a link belt 2NL 4:0 is shown, and in this form of invention the links are provided with upwardly extended socket members Zlb adapted to receive tongues 22'’ formed upon the lower edges of the character displaying plates 22*‘. These plates, like the 45 plates 22, have opaque surfaces formed with transparent portions 32a which de?ne the out lines of the letters of the alphabet or other char acters, and the body portion of each plate is formed with a ?ap 34 along one edge that extends 50 over the adjacent edge of the adjacent plate to cover the gap therebetween so as to prevent any light from passing through the gap between the plates. In this form of plate the body may be formed of glass or other transparent material 3|b 55 and the outline of the character may be formed by painting the surface of the body around the outline of the letter or character as at 33c so as to leave that part transparent. In the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 60 8 to 14 inclusive, the invention is shown as ap plied to a stationary sign. In this form a rec tangular frame l6‘3L is provided and in said frame is supported a stationary plate holding mem ber 35. Said member is desirably composed of 65 several sets of upper and lower spaced strips 25a, 218*, each set being connected by upright plate spacing H bars 282L soldered or otherwise rigidly lower ends of the character displaying plates as in the other form hereinbefore described. . .The sign is made up by placing the letters, which form words, in the spaces between the “plate spacing bars '28a and as in the other form described, and opaque plates 33 are placed in the unoccupied spaces so as to prevent the light from passing through said spaces. In this form of the invention the character displaying plates 220 may be formed of opaque material having 20 cut-out portions to de?ne transparent letmrs and transparent colored or clear thin sheets 33“, such as Cellophane or. the like, are adhesively secured to the rear sides of the bodies of the plates (see Figs. 13 and 14). This form of invention-may be supported in show windows or wherever desired, and the light issuing from illuminating ?xtures within the store may be used to illuminate the sign from behind, or, if desired, electric light bulbs and 30 reflectors may be placed behind the sign, as in the form of the invention ?rst above described. With either form of sign, the display may be changed as often as is found desirable. Thus in eifect a different sign may be presented daily or as often as required. From the above it is apparent that a very inter esting sign is provided which attracts the atten tion of passersby. It may be made especially at tractive by employing colored, transparent back 40 ing behind the cut-out portions of the char acter display plates. I, claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent: ' 1. A sign comprising a pair of horizontal plate 45 holding members, a grooved plate holding mem ber 'therebelow, upright grooved plate spacing members extending between and secured to said _ upper‘and lower plate holding members, charac ter displaying plates removably held in the spaces 50 betweenrsaid members, said plates having opaque surface portions outlining transparent portions de?ning ‘ characters. 2. A sign comprising a ?exible, endless belt, having upper and lower plate holding bands and spaced transverse plate spacing members secured at their ends to. said upper and lower bands, said bands and spacing members providing grooves to receive the edge portions of character displaying plates, and ?exible character display 60 ing plates removably held in the grooves and disposed in the spaces formed by the bands and plate spacing members, said plates having opaque surface portions outlining transparent portions 65 which de?ne characters. ' ' ' OTTO W. HARMS.