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Патент USA US2124824

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_ July 26, 1938.n
R LANGLET
2,124,824
CURLING CLIP
Fiied Aug. 11, 193e
’“`"2 sheets-sheet 1
LXamH
3
July 26, 1938.
P. LANGLET
2,124,824
CURLING CLIP
Filed Aug. l1, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
'132. lUlLtl,
llXaml
34
2,124,824
Pafenteâ July 26, 193s
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,124,824
CURLING CLIP
Paul Langlet, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, as
signor to Harvey Carl Wheeler, Boston, Mass.
Application August 11,- 1936, Serial No. 95,473
In France March 28, 1936
v 4 Claims.
The curling clips that are ñtted at the present
time on heating helmets for permanent waving
have the disadvantage that they can be applied
only to the ends of the hair locks so that they
(Cl. 132-33)
of a cam provided with teeth, carried by one of
the branches, with an edge, also provided with
teeth, carried by the other branch, in such man
ner as to avoid any accidental opening of the
hair.
protecting when it is in position.
Other features of the present invention will
result from the following detailed description
cut the ends of locks which are still curled, or
to subject these ends to a new waving treat
of some specific embodiments thereof.
Preferred embodiments of the present inven
tion will be hereinafter described, with reference
cannot be used in the case of women with long
This is due to the fact that, for waving
long hair, the hairdresser is compelled either to
ment, together with the portion which is not
yet waved, after having wound the locks around
the curling clips. In the ñrst case, the length
of the hair is not kept constant. In the second
case, the part that was already curled risks being
uncurled in the said waving oper-ation. In both
cases the result is unsatisfactory.
The object of the present invention is to pro
vide a curling clip for permanent waving which
obviates these drawbacks.
The curling clip according to the present in
vention is characterized in that it includes a
central part arranged in such manner that the
portion of the hair lock that is still curled can
escape from said clip, so that only the portion
to be curled is wound around the clip. Accord
ing to a preferred embodiment, this clip consists
of a rather widely slotted cylindrical tube, the
slot extending along a considerable part of the
length of the tube. The portion of the lock that
is still curled projects through s-aid slot and it
is ñxed by a small tongue adapted to engage in
the slot, so as to separate the part of the lock
that is still curled from the portion that is no
longer curled or is not yet so.
Since the cylindrical tube is open at one end,
to the accompanying drawings, given merely
by way of example, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a curling clip
according to the present invention;
Figs. 2 and 3 are cross sectional views of this 16
clip, corresponding to two different relative po
sitions of the parts thereof;
Fig. 4 is a perspective View of another em
bodiment of the curling clip according to the
present invention;
_
Fig. 6 is a section of one of the branches of
a protector according to Fig. 5, this section being
made in a plane at right angles to said branch;
Fig. 7 is another perspective view of the curl
ing clip;
Fig. 8 shows the system for turning the curling
30
clip in only one direction;
Figs. 9 and 10 are end Views of the curling
clip ñtted on the protector.
As shown by the drawings, an element I, in
the sh-ape of a cylinder or a hyperbolic surface,
is fixed in any suitable manner to the device 2
and the tongue cooperating therewith keeps the
for securing it to the heating helmet, this device
hair lock in position, it suffices to rotate the
tube about its axis for winding thereon the part
of the lock that is to be curled. Then the curl
40 ing clip is introduced into a heating device,
known underl the name of “protector” for per
including, for instance, a ratchet wheel 3 ar
ranged in such manner that the rotation of tube
manent waving.
Advantageously, the curling clip, according to
the present invention, is ñtted on a protector
having the following characteristic features:
a. The rubber sleeve which receives the lower
branches of the clip and which is intended to
bear upon the head of the person to be waved is
slotted laterally so as to facilitate its positioning
50 and to avoid that, in case of tearing of the
20
Fig. 5 shows a protector to be used advanta
geously in connection with the curling clip, in
the open position;
l, which constitutes the curling clip, can take
place only in one direction when the pawl which 40
cooperates with the ratchet is in operative posi
tion.
Tube l is provided with a wide slot 4 extending
over most of its length, and in which a small
tongue 5 can engage. Around this tube I there 45
is fitted a sleeve 6 provided with a slot 'l extend
ing over the whole of its length, slot l being
slightly wider than slot 4. This sleeve is capable
rubber, the hairdresser should be compelled to
of turning with respect to tube l. It serves to
keep tongue 5 engaged in slot 4 when the hair 50
has been inserted in position and it is desired
send the protector to the manufacturer for re
to wind the lock to be curled around the clip.
placement of the rubber element;
b. 'I‘he tightening of the lower branches of
55 the protector is obtained through cooperation
`
In the embodiment of Fig. 4, sleeve 6 has been
replaced by a semi-cylindrical piece 8, pivoted
about axis 8, 9 and the function of which is iden
2
2,124,824
tical to that of sleeve 6, with the only dlñerence
that, instead of being turned about its axis, for
maintaining tongue 5 in the engaged positionl
piece 8 is turned about axis 9, 9, at right angles
to the axis of the curling clip.
.
The working of the device will be readily under
stood: Supposing that the end I0 of a hair lock
is still curled, while the remainder II of this lock
is to be curled, the Whole of the curled portion is
10 engaged through slot 4, then tongue 5 is engaged
into slot 4. Part I0 is then pulled until tongue 5
exactly separates the curled portion from that
20
25
30
35
40
"'
45
50
55
60
65
the direction opposed to that above mentioned,
so as to 'disengage cam 24 from notch 23.
While I. have, in the above description, dis
closed what I deem to be practical and eñlcient
embodiments of the present invention, it should
be well understood that I do not wish to be limited
thereto as there might be changes made in the
arrangement, disposition and form of the parts
without departing from the principle of the pres
ent invention as comprehended within the scope 10
of the accompanying claims.
What I claim is:
`
1. For use with a permanent hair waving ap
which is to be curled. Then the tongue is locked
in position, either, as shown by Fig. 1, by turning paratus, a curling clip which comprises, in com
sleeve 6 about itself, so as to bring it into the bination, a hollow tubular body open at one end, 15
position of Fig. 3, or, as shown by Fig. 4, by said body being provided with a longitudinal slot
extending over substantially the whole length
pivoting sleeve 8 about its axis 9, 9.
The whole of the part II of the hair lock is thereof, a hair clamping tongue adapted to fit in
then Wound on the curling clip, which is then said slot so as to be flush with the peripheral
surface of said body, and part-cylindrical locking 20
fitted in position on the helmet.
Fig. 5 shows a protector intended to receive means for said tongue adapted to surround said
the curling clip. This protector includes two ' body so as to conform to the shape of the outer
ñat parts, made of a light metal, aluminium for surface thereof.
2. For use with a permanent hair waving ap
instance, one of which I2 is given the shape of
a U, while the second one, I3, is pivoted to the paratus, a curling clip which comprises, in com 25
bination, a hollow tubular body open at one end,
first part I2 at I4. The fiat element I2 is pro
vided with two U-shaped ends I5 and I6, at right said body being provided with a longitudinal slot
angles to the intermediate part thereof. One of extending over substantially the whole length
these ends I5 is adapted to accommodate the end thereof, a hair clamping tongue movably carried
I'I, with a slotted head I3, of the curling clip. by said body, so as to be able to move into and 30
The other part I6 is adapted to accommodate the away from said slot, said tongue being so shaped
end I9 of the clip, fitted with a projection 20 of as to be able to fit in said slot so that its outer
square section. Over parts I2 and I3, there is face is flush with the peripheral outer surface
slipped a rubber sleeve 2|, slotted laterally so as of said body, and part-cylindrical locking means
to facilitate its fitting into position. Part I3 is for said tongue adapted to surround said body so 35
provided, at its free end, on the outer side, with as to conform tightly to the shape of the outer
a toothed notch 23, adapted to cooperate, when surface thereof.
3. For use in connection with a permanent hair
said part I3 is applied against part I2, with a
toothed cam 24, pivoted at 25, and actuated waving apparatus, a curling clip which comprises, ,
in combination, a hollow tubular body open at 40
through a lever 26.
Square-shaped projection 20 is rigid with a one end, said body being provided with a longi
ring 21 surrounded by a spring 28 one end of tudinal slot running over substantially the whole
which is bent so `as to enter into a notch or slot length thereof, a hair clamping tongue movably
29 provided at the end of said ring.- Said ring carried by said body so as to be able to move into
engages with a certain play into the hollow end 30 and away from said slot with a radial displace 45
ment, said tongue being shaped to fit in said slot
of the curling clip.
'
The fixation of the curling clip on the head so that its outer surface is flush with the periph
is easy to understand: The- hair being engaged, eral outer surface of said body, and a part cylin
as shown by Fig. 1, the protector is placed on the drical sleeve for locking said tongue, tightly fit
head and branches I2 and I3 are brought into the ting around said body so as to be rotatable with 50
closed position, being locked in this position by respect thereto about the axis of said body.
4. For use in connection with a permanent hair
the teeth of cam 24 engaging the teeth of notch
23. Then the curling clip is engaged into the waving apparatus, a curling clip which comprises,
recesses of the two U-shaped ends I5 and I6, in in combination, a hollow tubular body open at one
such manner that square-shaped projection 2li end, said body being provided with a longitudinal 55
slot running over substantially the whole length
engages between the branches of U-shaped mem
ber I5, while the other end I1 of the clip engages thereof, a hair clamping tongue movably carried
between the branches of the U-shaped part I 6. by said body so as to be able to be moved radially
The curling clip is turned by means of a key, into, and away from, said slot, said tongue being
owing to the provision of slot I8, in the direction shaped to fit in said slot so that its outer surface 60
is flush with the peripheral outer surface of said
of the arrow F of Fig. 8.
Once all the curling clips have been placed body, and a semi-cylindrical part for locking said
tongue in said slot, pivoted to said body about
on the protectors, the whole'is enclosed in a suit
an axis at right angles to the axis of said body,
able helmet.
In order to remove the curling clip, ring 21 is said part being shaped to conform to the shape 65
1
unlocked. The square-shaped projection 20 which of the outer surface of said body.
is rigid therewith is removed. The curling clip is
then unwound, and finally lever 26 is pivoted in
PAUL LANGLET.
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