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Патент USA US2124859

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July 26, 1938.
v 2,124,859
Filed 001. 24, 1935
Patented July 26, 1938
' 2,124,859
0F F l C E
Robert E. Miller, Bronxville, N. Y.
Application October 24, 1935, Serial No. 46,500 .
3 Claims.
(Cl. >24—104)
This ‘invention relates in general to tufting
buttons, and in particular to tufting buttons
having projecting portions thereon adapted to
receive the securing thread, and coordinately
5 therewith it relates .to a method for manufac
turing such buttons.
In this application I have disclosed by way
of illustration, .two embodiments of :my inven
. tion in the form ,of tufting buttons for mat
10 tresses but it will be obvious that .as to certain
phases thereof ‘my invention may have other ap
Among the objects of my invention are to
produce a tuf-ting button of simple, inexpensive
15 construction and one that is highly effective in
application, and to provide a simple, inexpensive
and effective method for the manufacture of such
To attain these objects and such other objects
20 as will hereinafter appear or be pointed out, I
have disclosed several embodiments of my inven
tionin the drawing, in which':—
Figure 1 illustrates the initial stage in the ‘man
ufacture of one form ‘of my invention, and rep
25 resents a blank stamped from a sheet of mate
The blank A may next be subjected to a form
ing process by which it is concaved through sub- 5
stantivally its entire extent, this being for the
purpose of ‘making the Whale construction more
rigid, so that thinner material may be used. This
concaving .is apparent ‘from ‘Figure 3. In addi
tion to the concaving ‘operation both of the 'ter- 10
minal portions 22 and 2,4 of the respective hooks
are shown as having been bent slightly down
wardly, as vclearly appears .fromFigure 4, which
is a side elevation of Figure 2, and it will be ob
served that the terminal portions are both :IQQnt 15
downwardly, that is both bent in the same di
~It vis to vbe understood that while the concav
ing :hereinabove described is of advantage, that
for certain purposes it may be omitted.
the body ‘portion 12, and it will 'be observed that
the bent 'terminal‘portionrs 1.22 and.“ of the-hooks
face inwardly toward each other and that the 25
hooks, .while assuming ‘a parallel position, still
open in opDOSite directions, vas will appear from
it has been modi?ed by a manufacturing opera
Figure ,6. It'will ‘also be observed that the body
portion I 2, :has been given “a decidedly dished
Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 3-3 of
Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Figure 4 is
ure 2;
In Figure‘5 the extensions 15 and 14 ‘have been
shown as bent ‘substantially at right angles to
Figure 2 illustrates the blank of Figure 1 ‘after
It Will be observed that thehook [8 carried by
the extension 14 faces in the opposite direction
tram ails :hoqk 2,0 carried by the extension L6
front V-elevational view of Fig
Figure 5 is a front elevational View represent
35 mg .a further stage in the manufacture of my
Figure 6 is an end elevation corresponding to
the showing of Figure 5;
Figure 7 is a front elevation of the ?nished
40 button;
Figure 8 is a perspective view of the ?nished
Figure 9 is a view corresponding to Figure 2,
of a modi?ed construction in an intermediate
45 stage of manufacture; and
Figure 10 is a perspective view of a ?nished
button corresponding to the modi?ed construc
tion of Figure 9.
Referring to the drawing in detail it will be
50 observed that in Figure 1 I show a blank A
formed out of sheet material and contoured so
that it has a central body portion, 12, shown
as substantially circular, and from this body por
tion there spring two lateral extensions l4 and
55 I6, each provided with a hook at its outer end.
The ?nal stage in Fthe manufacture of the but
ton is indicatedin Figure 7, which shows (the fin
ished article. ,As there shown the extensions .14
and {5 {have !been bent intermediate their ends
so that the portions thereof adjacent to the body 35
portion l2 lie in substantial parallelism with said
body portion, while the outer portions of said
extensions project outwardly at right angles to
the body portion and are parallel to each other
so that the bent terminal portion of each hook 40
is in contact with an intermediate portion of
> the adjacent hook.
On referring to Figure 8, which is a perspec
tive view of the ?nished article, and also to
Figure 7, the advantages of my construction 45
will become apparent. It will be observed that
a thread may be inserted into the closed open
ing 26 formed by the hooks l8 and 20 by in
troducing the same into the space between the
hooks (see Figure 7) so that it passes the bent 5g
portions 24 and 22, after passing which bent por
tions it is positioned within the opening 26. Due
to the slight angle given to the bent portions it
is very obvious that they offer no obstacle to the
entry of the thread beyond that due to the re- 55
sistance of the parts M and IE to bending, but
rather act as guides for the same, and that once
the thread is in the opening 26 it cannot read
ily be withdrawn therefrom, because the inclina
tion of surfaces 28 and 30 of the bent portions is
such that the thread will ordinarily be guided
away from the tips of the hooks 22 and 24, and
will slide back into the inner portions of the
opening 26.
It is obviously of advantage if the material
used has su?icient resiliency to cause the bent
portions 22 and 24 to maintain their contact with
the portions of the adjacent hook, so that if these
portions have been separated, their contact will
15 be automatically restored.
For this purpose the
material may be selected with this end in view.
It is further to be observed that many ordinary
commercial metals when subjected to the various
forming and bending operations will, even when
20 originally soft, acquire a su?icient degree of elas
ticity to meet the requirements.
It is to be understood, of course, that while
various stages of manufacture have been de
scribed, that these stages are not necessarily
While I have herein shown and described two
embodiments of my invention it will be understood
that the same may be embodied in many other
forms, as will be obvious to those skilled in the
art, without departing from the spirit thereof.
The disclosure herein is intended to be by way
of illustration merely and it not to be interpreted
in a limiting sense, and it is to be understood that
I do not limit myself in any way other than as
called for by the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention and illus
trated its use, what I claim as new and desire
to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A button made of an integral piece of sheet
material, and having an integral body portion
and thread receiving extensions on said body por
tion, said extensions having the inner portions
thereof in substantially parallel relation to the
body portion and having their outer portions pro
jecting outwardly from said body portion in ad 20
jacent spaced parallel relation, and the outer ends
of said outer portions being free and being pro
vided with oppositely directed thread-receiving
hooks having their planes parallel and having
tioned. The exigencies of manufacture will be
controlling as to sequence of operations, and with
their terminal portions bent toward each other 25
and the extreme free end of each hook being in
contact with an intermediate portion of the other
these I am not concerned, as they are not es
25 reached successively nor in the exact order men
sential to my invention. The description here
30 in however seeks to analyze the process into its
elements, which may be carried out in any se
quence such as found necessary or convenient,
or may even be carried out simultaneously or
substantially so, if the skill of the tool maker
35 makes this possible.
Although securing thread may be applied to
the buttons in the manner hereinabove described,
that of course does not preclude their attachment
in the ordinary'manner, that is by inserting the
thread directly through the opening 26 either by
means of a needle or otherwise. Where this lat
ter method is to be practiced there is no need of
the hook construction of Figures 1 to 8, and for
this reason a modi?cation of my invention, shown
in Figures 9 and 10, will be found convenient.
Figure 9 shows a modi?ed blank correspond
ing to the showing of Figure 2, and having a
body portion 42 similar to the body portion l2
of Figure 1, and having extensions 45 projecting
from said body portion, each extension being
shown as having at its end a ring shaped portion
46 provided with an opening 48 into which'the
securing thread may be inserted. The exten
sions 44 are then bent in the manner indicated
in Figures 6 and '7, whereby the article shown
in Figure 10 results.
2. A button made of an integral piece of sheet
material, and having a body portion and thread
receiving extensions on said body portion, said
extensions having the inner portion thereof in
substantially parallel relation to the body portion
and having their outer portions projecting out
wardly from said body portion in adjacent spaced 35
parallel relation, and the outer ends of said outer
portions being free and being provided with op
positely directed thread-receiving hooks each
having its terminal portion bent out of the plane
of the hook and toward the other hook.
3. A button made of an integral piece of sheet
material, and having a dished body portion and
thread receiving extensions on said body portion,
said extensions having the inner portions there
of in substantially parallel relation to the body 45
portion and having their outer portions project
ing outwardly from the concave side of said body
portion in adjacent spaced parallel relation, and
the free outer ends of said outer portions being
provided with oppositely directed thread-receiv 50.
ing hooks having their terminal portions bent
toward each other and into contact with an in
termediate portion of the other hook, and said
extensions and hook portions being arched con
vexly outward.
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