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Патент USA US2125047

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July 26,' 1938.
2,125,047
F. plTcHr-'IELD
RAILWAY CAR ooNsTRucTJ-.om
3 Sheets-Sheet l
Filed Aug. 24, 1955
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July 26, 1938..
`F. DlTcHFn-:LD
2,125,047
RAILWAY ` CAR CONSTRUCTION
Filed Aug. 34„ ‘1935 "
/5l
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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@L
July 26, 1938.
`
F. DlTcHFlELD
2,125,047
RAILWAY CAR CONSTRUCTION
Filed Aug. 2,4, 1955
3 Sheets-Sheet
à
Patented July 26, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT oFFieE
2,125,047
RAILWAY CAR CONSTRUCTION
Frank Ditehfield, Cleveland, Ohio, assigner to
The Youngstown Steel Door Company, Cleve
land, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application August 24, 1935, Serial No. 37,716
23 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in rail
way car construction.
For the purpose of rendering productive cer
tain wood sheathed house cars, a large number
5. of which are owned by the railroads, a repair
construction has been conceived, developed and
at the present is being successfully employed by
virtue of which this purpose has been attained
with a minimum of expense. Brieliy, this repair
1.0 construction involves salvaging of the metallic
underframe of the cars and their reemployment
with metallic car sides substituted for the de
teriorated wooden sides of the repaired cars. It
is customary in these repairs to dispose the posts
l5 and metallic sheathing `of the new car sides out
(Cl. 105-409)
bodying the instant invention, the roof being
omitted for the sake of clearness.
’
" Figure 2 is a vertical section taken on line 2-~2
of Figure 1.v
Figure 3 isa vertical section taken on line 3~-3 5
of Figure 1.
"
Figure 4 is a vertical section taken on line 4_4
of Figure 1.
Figure '5 is a vertical section taken on line 5--5
of Figure 1.
L@
Figure 6 is a horizontal section taken on line
6-6 of Figure 1.
.
-Figure '7 is a horizontal section taken on line
1-1 of Figure 1, and
Figure 8 is a horizontal lsection taken on line 1,5
wardly of the side sills of the underframe to
8-8 of Figure 1.
thereby obtain a metallic car of increased cubical
Figure 9 is a detailed elevation of a securing
member.
In Figure l of the drawings there is illustrated
the portion of a car side wall construction ap- 20
capacity.
There are, however, certain types of railway
C cars to which such repair construction is not' :ap
plicable. Notable of ‘these types is the gondola
car in which the spacing of the side sills of the
metallic underframe is of such extent that the
hereinabove briefly referred to repair construc
i tion cannot be utilized. The limitation as to
width of car imposed by the tunnel clearance
diagram which controls car design precludes the
use of such repair' construction. This condition
applies as well to some constructions of house
3.0. cars and the repair construction ofthe instant
invention is directed to these cars as well as to
cars wherein increasedv width is not a desider
atum.
Applicant is thus confronted with vand it is
35 the main object of this invention to overcome the
- problem of releasing the capital investment rep
resented vby these cars and in an economical and
facile manner to convert them to the category
of revenue producing rolling stock of the rail
40 roads.
It is a further object to attain these ends by
the utilization of the metallic underframes of
these cars which are still serviceable and so re~
P claim an essential part thereof.
4a
With these and other objects in view which will
become clear as the description of the invention
proceeds, this .invention comprises the novel
structure and combinationof parts hereinafter
50 described and particularly pointed out and de
fined in the appended claims.
In the drawings forming part of this speciñ
cation»
Figure ll is a vfragmentary elevation of a jpor
55 tion of the side Wall of a railway house car em
plicable to a repaired or converted car, and to
`
new car construction, extending from and in»
cluding a portion of the door opening provided in
said side wall to one end thereof.~ It will be
understoodthat the remain-ing portion of the car 25
side wall is complementary to that shown and
that the car side wall construction on the oppo
"
site side of the car is of similar construction.
'I'he'railway house car illustrated is designated
generally 'by the reference numeral IU and the 30
particular car chosen to illustrate the invention
is a converted house car built upon an under
frame of an original gondola car. The under
frame comprises essentially a center sill, not
shown, and cross members II, two of which are 35
shown in Figure l of the drawings. To the ends
of the cross members there is secured side sills
I2. Each of these side sills is of channel shape
in section and embodies a vertically disposed web
I3 and inwardly extending upper and lower hor- 40
izontal flanges I4 and I5. Each of the side sills
I2`is preferably reinforced by means of a mem
ber I6 where such side sill extends across the door
opening Il. The spacing of the side sills of a
gondola car is` usually large, the spacing of the 45
sills of the underframe illustrated being 9’ 51/8”.
Upon the hereinabove described underframe
the side Walls of the converted car are erected
preferably in the form of preassembled units.
Each of the side walls embodies a Z-shaped side 50
plate Ill extending from end-to end of the car
and arranged with its web I9 in a substantially
horizontal plane, its inner flange 2i) extending
vertically upwardly and its outer ñange 2I `eX
tending vertically downwardly from the web. 55
’
2,125,047
2
The side plate I8 is reinforced across the door
opening I1 and for a desired distance beyond
said door opening by means of a metallic member
22 preferably in the form of a channel. The re
zontal leg 54 of the connecting angle member 5I‘
is disposed upon the upper flange I4 of the side-
inforcing member 22 is arranged with its web
23 vertical and secured to the upstanding flange
sill and secured thereto as by means of rivets
55.
The horizontal leg 54 is preferably extended
inwardly beyond the horizontal ñange I4 of the
side sill to provide a supporting means for the
floor 56 of the car to which it is secured as by
means of bolts 51.
Means is provided for the securement of the
lower ends of the door and intermediate side 10
10 car.
posts to the side sill whereby a rigid, sturdy con
Door posts 21 which define the horizontal ex
tent of the door opening and intermediate posts nection is obtained, thus enabling the side wall
construction to function as a girder for the pur
28 of the car side wall construction extend be
pose
of carying a portion of the stresses incident
tween theside plate I8 and the side sill I3 of the
upon the car underframe. Referring, first, to 15
car
underframe.
Each
of
the
door
posts
21
is
15
Z-shaped in section and is arranged with its web the securement of the intermediate side posts to
29 substantially parallel to the side wall, its flange the side sill, this securement together with the
38 extending inwardly at right angles to said means utilized therefor is clearly illustrated in
side wall and its flangel 3| extending outwardly Figures 3 and 7 of the drawings. There is uti
lized a securing member 58 preferably in the form
20 at right angles to the side wall. At its upper end
of a casting although it is to be understood that
each door post is secured to the depending leg 2|
the securing members may be formed of struc
of the side plate I8 as by means of rivets 32 ex
tending through the web` 29 of the door post and tural elements or pressings if desired. Each
through said depending leg of the'side plate. securing member 58 for the intermediate side 25
Additionally, each door post is secured to the posts embodies a vertical upstanding leg 59 and
25
reinforcing member 22 which, as -clearly shown a horizontal inwardly extending leg 60. A pair of
in Figure 4 of the drawings, extends downwardly spaced post attaching flanges ISI-_5I extend at
below the web I9 of the side plate and provides, right angles from the legs 58 and Iìû and are ar
ranged so as to straddle the web 38 of an inter
together with said web and the leg 2I of the side
mediate side post. The securing members are 30
plate,
a
pocket
or
space
for
the
reception
of
the
30
disposed upon the inside of the connecting mem
upper end of each of the door posts. The se
ber
5I, the vertical leg 59 of each securing mem
curement to the reinforcing member 22 is effect
ber 53 being riveted to the upstanding vertical
ed by means of an angle member 33, one leg 34
leg 52 of the connecting member 5I and to the
of which is secured as by means of rivets 35 to
35
the inwardly directed leg 3U of the door post lower margin of the metallic sheathing as by
35
means
of
rivets
32.
The
inwardly
extending
leg'
while the other leg 35 is secured to the web 23
80 of the securing member 58 is secured to the
of the reinforcing member 22 as by means of
28 of the side plate I8 as by means of rivets 24.
The upper and lower flanges 25 and 25 of the
reinforcing member 22 extend inwardly of the
40
rivets 31.
Certain of the intermediate posts as well are
disposed with their upper ends extending into
the pocket or space defined by the side plate and
its reinforcing member. Each intermediate post
is of Z shape in section and arranged relative to
the car side wall so that its web 38 is at right
angles thereto and the inner and outer flanges
45
39 and 48 are parallel thereto. The upper end
of each intermediate post 28 is secured to the
side plate I8 as by means of rivets 4I extending
through the leg 4I! of the post and the leg 2I of
the side plate. The first mentioned intermedi
50 ate posts 28 are, additionally, secured to the side
plate reinforcing member 22 by means of an angle
member 42, one leg of which is secured to the
web 38 of the intermediate post by means of rivets
43, while the other leg 44 is secured to the web
55
23 of the reinforcing member as by means of
rivets 45.
Metallic sheathing comprised of a plurality of
metallic sheets 46 is secured along its upper mar
60
gin to the depending leg 2I of the side plate I8
as by means of rivets 41.
are, additionally, secured
door posts as by means
tallic sheets are lapped
The metallic sheets 45
upon the outside of the
of rivets 48. The me
upon the intermediate
side posts 28 and secured to the leg 48 thereof
65
as by means of rivets 48. Adjacent the ends of
the car the last metallic sheet 43 is secured to
the intermediate post as by means of rivets 5i).
The metallic sheets 46 terminate, as clearly
illustrated
in Figure 3 of the drawings, above the
70
side sills I2. These sheets are fastened to the
side sill by means of an angle member 5I the
lower margin of said sheets being riveted to the
outside of the upstanding vertical leg 52 of said
angle member by means of rivets 53. The hori
upper flange I4 of the side sill as by means of
rivets 53 which pass through the horizontal leg
54 of the connecting member 5I and said upper 40
flange of the side sill. The post attaching flanges
8l are riveted to the web of the intermediate side
post as indicated at 64.
The securing member 58 for each intermediate
side post is thus secured by means of a horizontal 45
series of rivets to the upper flange of the side sill.
Additionally, each securing member 58 is rigidly
secured to the web I3 of the side sill l2. To this
end the securing member 58 is provided with a
depending attaching flange 65 extending down
50
wardly from the horizontal leg Bûin abutting en
gagement with the outside of the web I3. The
attaching flange 65 is secured to said web as by
means'of rivets 66. In order to permit riveting
of the attaching flange 55 to the web of the side 55
sill, the horizontal leg 54 of the attaching mem
ber 5I is coped, as indicated at 61, whereby the
attaching flange 65 extends through said member
5I for securement to the web of the side sill. By
virtue of this construction it is apparent that 60
each intermediate side post is rigidly secured to
the side sill by securing means in two planes at
right angles to each other, thereby providing a
sturdy connection.
A similar securement between the lower ends 65
of the door posts and the side sills I2 is em
ployed. The connecting member 58 utilized for
the attachment of each door post to the side sill
is clearly illustrated in Figures l, 5 and 6 of the
drawings. This connecting member comprises a 70
vertical upstanding leg 59 and a horizontal in
wardly extending leg 18. One portion 1I of the
vertical leg 89 is disposed against the inner face
of the upstanding leg» 52 of the attaching mem
ber 5I which terminates adjacent the inwardly 75
2,125,047
ro
extending legBU of the door post, as clearly shown
in Figure 6 of the drawings. This portion 'Ill is
secured'as by means of rivets 1.12 to the upstand
ing leg 52 and the lower margin ofthe metallic
sheathing. The other portion y"I3 of the'upstand
ing leg 89 is disposed against the ¿inner face of
the web 29 of the door post and-is riveted to said
web and the lower margin of the metallic sheath
ing as indicated at M. The ‘inwardly `extending
leg »lll is disposed upon the inwardly »extending
leg 54 of the member 5I and upon a floor sup
porting plate 'I5 disposed in the `door opening
and is riveted, as indicated at 16, tothe upper
ñange I4 of the side sill , I2. Post attaching
flanges TI extend at right angles from the up
wardly and inwardly extending legs 69 and 'Iû
and are riveted to the inwardly extending leg 3i!
of the door post as indicated at 18.
Each connecting member 68 is also secured to
20 the web I3 of the side sill. For this purpose 7the
connecting member 68 is provided -with a-depend
ing attaching flange -19 which underlies and lis
secured to the downwardly extended portion of
the web 25B of the door post as by means of rivets
25 8d. This securement of the attaching ñange `-Ll
to the downwardly extending portionof the web
29 of the door post occurs in spacedrelationship
to the web of the side sill and, in order to -»provide
for the securement of the attaching Viiange 'I9 of
‘ the connecting >member 4t8 to the side sill, said
ñange is provided with inwardly oifset ends 8I
and 82 which abut the web -‘I3 of the side sill and
are riveted thereto as indicated at 83. Thus, in
the case of the door posts, securement of the lower
ends thereof to the side sill in planes at right
angles to each other is obtained.
`
As indicated hereinabove, the side wall 'con
struction described is preferably preassembled
into a unit and subsequently attached to the
40 existing side sills. There are 'certain types of
gondola cars, however, which do not utilize mem
bers separate from the side .sheathing as side
sills. In the conversion of this type of gondola
3
offsaid'posts and >legsothat encroachment upon
the tunnel clearance lline is avoided.
It will be apparent that numerous changes and
modiñcations of the details of the instant inven
tion ‘may be Iresorted to by those skilled in the
art. It is, therefore, intended to comprehend all>
such changes and modifications within the pur
view of the invention, which is to be limited only
by the appended claims.
I claim:
10
1. A railway house car converted from a gon
dola car comprising original underframe mem
bers of said gondola car including cross bearers
and side sills secured to the end portions of said
cross bearers, metallic door posts, metallic in 15
termediate posts disposed above said side sills,
means securing the lower ends of said posts to
said side sills, side plates, means securing the
upper ends of said posts to said side plates, metal
lic sheathing secured to said side lplates and to 20
the outside of said posts, said sheathing stopping
short of said side -sills and means secured to the
lower margin of said sheathing and extending
inwardly therefrom and fastened to said side
sills, said first mentioned means having ñanges 25
arranged on the inside of said means fastening
the sheathing to said side sills in‘parallel relation
to said sheathing, said means being secured to
the lower margin of said sheathing.
2. A railway house car comprising a metallic 30
underframe including a side sill, a metallic side
plate, metallic sheathing, means securing said
sheathing'to said side plate, means securing said
sheathing to said side sill, metallic posts ter
minating above said side sill and securedat their
upper ends to said side plate, said sheathing
being secured to the outside of said posts, and
brackets -for securing the lower ends of said posts
to said side sill, the body portions of said brackets
being disposed between Vsaid means securing said 40
sheathing ‘to said side sill and -said posts, said
car and in the conversion of cars wherein the
45 side sills must be replaced, the side sill `utilized
may be embodied as a part of the car side wall
body portions comprising ñanges secured to the
lower‘ends of .said posts, iianges extending down
wardly from said body portions through said
latter sheathing securing means, said down
wardly extending flanges being secured to said
unit. The incorporation of the side sill into the
side wall unit, moreover, eliminates the problem
of securely blocking the side wall unit which is
50 present when the side sill is eliminated there
side sill.
3. A railway house car comprising a metallic
underframe including a side sill having a ver
tical portion and an upper substantially horizon
from inasmuch as the side wall unit may then
55
60
65
75
be supported upon the side sill. Wooden lining
for the car yside wall is indicated at 84. This
lining is disposed against the inner faces of the
door and intermediate side posts and secured lin
position by means of vertical nailing strips ‘85
secured to the car sheathing by means of clips 86.
The car ends, one of which is partially shown
in Figure 8 of the drawings, and designated by
the numeral 8l', are provided with side fianges 88
arranged in overlapping relationship with re
spect to the vertical margin of the metallic
sheathing. The flanges 88 are secured -by means
of the rivets 5l] which fasten the vertical margin
of the sheathing to -the adjacent Vpost »28.
A roof construction for the car >Il! lis »indicated
generally by the reference numeral '89.
It will be observed from rFigures 3, 5,16 and 7
of the drawings that the intermediate lside `,posts
and the inwardly extending leg >of the door lpos't
terminate above the side sill. Itrwill be .ap
parent, as well, that the intermediate side posts
and said leg of the door post lie vertically >above
the side sill for the main 'portion of ¿the :depth
tal inwardly extending flange, >a metallic side 50
plate, metallic sheathing, means >securing said
sheathing to said side‘plate, means securing said
sheathing to said side sill, metallic posts ter
minating above said side sill and secured at their
upper ends to said side plate, said sheathing
being secured to the outside of said posts, and
brackets for securing the lower ends of said posts
to said side sill, said brackets being disposed
upon the inside of said means securing said
60
sheathing to said side sill and each bracket com
prising a substantially horizontal flange ovenu
lapping and secured to said inwardly extending
sill flange, a vertical flange extending upwardly
from said horizontal flange and secured to the
65
lower end of one of said posts and a flange ex
tending downwardly from said bracket through
said sheathing securing means and secured to
said vertical portion of the side sill.
4. A railway house car comprising a metallic
70
under-frame including a side sill having a ver
tical portion and an upper substantially horizon
tal inwardly extending flange, a metallic side
plate, ymetallic sheathing, means securing said
sheathing to said side plate, means securing said 75
2,125,047
4
sheathing to said side sill, metallic posts ter
minating above said side sill and secured at their
upper ends to said side plate, said sheathing be
ing secured to the outside of said posts, and
brackets for securing the lower ends of said posts
to said side sill, said brackets being disposed upon
the inside of said means securing said sheathing
to said side sill and each bracket comprising a
substantially horizontal ñange overlapping and
10 secured to said inwardly extending sill flange, a
vertical flange secured to said means securing
said sheathing to said side sill, a vertical iiange
exi-ending at substantially a right angle to said
first-mentioned bracket iianges and secured to
lower end of one of said posts and a flange
extending downwardly from said br cket through
.sheathing securing means and secured to
said vertical portion of said sill.
5. A railway house car comprising a metallic
20 underfrarne including a channel shaped side sill
arranged with its web vertically and its flanges
extending inwardly, a metallic side plate, metallic
sheathing, means securing said sheathing to said
side plate, an angular metallic member having
a vertical flange secured along the lower margin
25
of said sheathing and a horizontal flange over
lapping and secured to the upper inwardly ex»
tending iiange of said side sill, metallic posts
terminating above saidside sill, means securing
30 the upper ends of said posts to said side plate,
means securing said sheathing to the outside oi
said posts and brackets securing the lower ends
or" said posts to said side sill, each of said brackets
being disposed between said angular member and
35 the lower end of a post and comprising a hori
zontal ñange secured to the horizontal flange of
said angular member and the upper inwardly
extending flange of said side sill, a vertical flange
secured to the vertical ilange of said angular
member, a vertical flange extending at right
40
angles from said horizontal andl vertical ñanges
and secured to the lower one of said posts and
a depending flange secured to the web of said side
sill.
45
`
'
.
6. In a metallic railway house car having a
side sill, a side plate, posts secured at their upper
ends to said side plate and terminating above
said side sill, metallic sheathing secured to said
side plate and to the outside of said posts, means
securing said sheathing to said sill and means
50 for securing the lower ends of said posts to said
sill, said latter means comprising a bracket for
each post disposed upon the inside of said means
securing said sheathing to said sill and secured
to said lower end, each bracket being secured to
55
said sill in two planes at substantially right
angles to each other.
’7. In a metallic railway house car having a side
sill, a side plate, posts secured at their upper ends
to said side plate and terminating above said side
60
sill, metallic sheathing secured to said side plate
and to the outside of said posts, a member se
curing said sheathing to said side sill having a
vertical flange secured along the lower margin of
said sheathing and a horizontal ilange secured
65
to said sill, a bracket for securing each post tc
said sill, said bracket comprising a horizontal
ñange disposed between the post and the hori
zontal flange of said member and secured to
said side sill, a vertical ñange extending from
said horizontal flange and secured to the lower
end of the post and a depending iiange extending
downwardly through said horizontal flange of
said member and secured to said side sill.
75
' 8. A metallic railway house car comprising a
metallic underframe including side sills, side
plates, posts extending above said sills and se
cured at their upper ends to said side plates,
the outer sides of said posts extending slightly
outwardly of said side sill, metallic sheathing
secured along the upper margins to said side
plates, means securing said sheathing to said
outer sides of said posts, said sheathing termi
nating short of Said sills, connecting members
having vertical flanges secured along the lower 10
margins of said sheathing and horizontal flanges
extending inwardly above said sills and secured
' thereto and brackets secured to said connecting
members, said side sills and the lower ends of
said posts, said brackets having depending
flanges extending downwardly through openings
provided in the horizontal flanges of said con
necting members to the outside of said sills, and
means securing said depending flanges to said
sills.’
'
20
9. In a railway house car having a metallic
side sill, a metallic door post of substantially Z
shape in section, said post being arranged with
its web substantially parallel to said sill and its
flanges at right angles thereto, said web extend
25
ing downwardly below the top of said sill in out
wardly spaced relation thereto and means for
securing the lower portion oi said post to said
sill,` said means comprising a bracket having a
vertical flange secured to one of the flanges of 30
said post and a iiange parallel to the web of said
post and secured thereto in spaced relation to
said sill, said latter flange extending downwardly
below the top of said sill and means for securing
said latter bracket flange to said sill.
35
10. In a railway house car having a metallic
side sill, a metallic door post vof substantially Z
shape in section, said post being arranged with
its web substantially parallel to said sill and its
flanges at right angles thereto, said web extend 40
ing downwardly below the top of said sill in out
wardly spaced relation thereto, one of said post
flanges extending inwardly to overlie and termi
nate above said. sill, and means for securing the
lower portion of said post to said sill, said means 45
comprising a bracket having a vertical iiange
secured to said inwardly extending post flange
and a ñange parallel to the web of said post
and secured thereto in spaced relation to said
sill, said latter iiange extending downwardly be
low the top of said sill and means for securing
said latter bracket flange to said sill.
11. As an article of manufacture, a bracket for
50
the securement of a lower end of a post of a car
side wall construction to a side sill of a car un- 55
dei-frame comprising a substantially horizontal
flange, aY substantially vertical flange, spaced
flanges extending at right angles from said ñrst
mentioned flanges for securement to a post and
a flange depending downwardly from said hori 60
zontal flange, said downwardly depending and
horizontal flanges being adapted for securement
to said side sill and said vertical 'harige being
adapted for securement to said car side wall
construction.
l2. As an article of manufacture, a bracket for
the securement of the lower end of a post of a
car side wall construction to a side sill of a car
underframe comprising a substantially horizontal
flange, spaced flanges extending at substantially 70
right angles from said horizontal flange for se
curement to a post, and a flange depending down
wardly from said horizontal flange, said down
wardly depending and horizontal ñanges being
adapted for securement to said sill.
75
2,125,047'
l 13; A car side wall unit adapted» for the con
version of gondola and wooden
cars to metallic railway house
comprising a metallic side sill,
plate, metallic intermediate and
sheathed house
cars, said unit
a metallic side
door posts, said
intermediate posts extending above said sill,
means securing the upper ends of said posts to
said side plate and metallic sheathing, means
securing the upper marginy of said sheathing to
said side plate, means securing said sheathing
to the outside of said posts, an angular member
having a Vertical flange secured along the lower
margin of said sheathing and an inwardly di
rected horizontal flange secured to said sill, said
15 horizontal flange being provided with spaced
copes and brackets secured to the lower ends oi
'said posts, each of said brackets comprising a
vertical llange and a horizontal lla'nge disposed
within the angle formed by said flanges of said
20 angular member, the horizontal flange of said
bracket lying between said member and the lower
end of one of said posts, post attaching flanges
extending from said bracket flanges and secured
to the lower end of said post and a downwardly
25 depending flange, said latter flange on said
brackets for said intermediate posts extending
through said copes, means securing said vertical
bracket flanges to said vertical flange of said
angular member and the lower margin of said
sheathing, means securing said horizontal bracket
flanges to said sidel sill, means securing said
depending bracket flanges to said side sill.
14. A car side wall unit adapted for the con
version of gondola and wooden sheathed house
‘ cars to metallic railway house cars, said unit
comprising a metallic side plate, metallic inter
mediate and door posts, means securing the upper
ends of said posts to said side plate, metallic
sheathing, means securing the upper margin of
40 said sheathing to said side plate, means secur
ing said sheathing to the outside of said posts,
an angular member having a vertical flange se
.5..
posed upon the inside of said last mentioned
means and embodying a vertical flange fastened
to the lower end of a post, a vertical flange se
cured to said llast'mentioned means and a vertical
flange extending downwardly through said last
mentioned means below the top of said side sill
and means> securing said downwardly extending
flanger to said side sill.
16. A railway house car comprising -a metallic
underframe including a side sill, a metallic side 10
plate, metallic sheathing, means securing said
sheathingV to said side plate, means securing said
sheathing tov said side sill, metallic posts termi
nating above said side sill and secured at their
upper ends to said side plate, said sheathing be 15
ing secured to the outside of said posts, and
brackets for securing the lower ends of said posts
to said side sill, said brackets being disposed on
the inside of said means securing said sheathing
to said side sill and each bracket comprising an 20
upwardly extending vertical flange secured to
the lower margin of said sheathing, a vertical
flange extending at substantially a right angle
from said first-mentioned Vertical flange and
secured to the lower end` of a post, and a vertical
flange extending downwardly through openings
provided in said means securing said sheathing to
said side sill and secured to said side sill.
1'7.v In a metallic railway house car, side sills
provided with horizontal flanges, side plates, side 30»
posts, the spacing between said side sills and the
transverse spacing between said posts being such
that at least a portion of said posts extends out
wardlyrof said-side sills, means securing the upper
ends of said posts to said side plates, means se
curing the lower ends of said posts to said side
sills, said latter means having horizontal'> flanges
secured to the horizontal flanges of said sills andv
vertical flanges secured to the lower ends of said
posts, metallic sheathing stopping short of said
side sills, means securing said sheathing to said 40
side plates, means securing said» sheathing to the
cured along the lower margin of said sheathing outside of .said posts and means securing said
and an inwardly directed horizontal flange pro
sheathing to said side sills, said latter means hav
45 vided with spaced copes and brackets secured to ing vertical flanges secured along the lower mar
the lower ends of said posts, each of, said brackets gin of said sheathing and horizontal flanges dis 45
comprising a vertical flange andv a horizontal> posed below the horizontal flanges of the means
flange disposed within the angle formed by said securing the posts to the sills and secured to
flanges of said' angular member, the horizontal said side sills.
502 flange of said bracket lying between said mem»Y
18. A railway house car comprising a metallic
ber and the lower end of one of said posts, underframe including a side sill having a vertical 50
post attaching flanges extending from said portion and an upper substantially horizontal in
bracket flanges and secured to the lower end of wardly extending flange, a metallic side plate, me
said post and a downwardly depending flange, tallic sheathing, means securing said sheathing to`
saidlatter flange on said bracket for said inter
saidv side plate, means securing said sheathing
mediate posts extending through said copes, and
means securing said vertical bracket llanges to
said vertical flange of said angular member and
the lower margin of said sheathing, and means
6o; securing said depending bracket flanges to said
side sill.
»
l5. A car side wall unit adapted to be applied
to the underframe in the conversion of gondola
and wooden sheathed house cars to metallicrail
65 way house cars, said unit comprising a metallic
side sill, a metallic side plate, metallic interme
diate land door posts, said intermediate posts ex
tending above said sill, means securing the upper
ends of said posts to said side plate, metallic
70 sheathing, means securing the upper margin of
said sheathing to said side plate, means securing
said sheathing to the outside of said posts, means
securing the lower margin of said sheathing to
said side sill, brackets for securing said posts
75 to said side sill, each of said brackets being dis
to said side» sill, metallic posts terminating above 55
said side sill and secured at their upper ends
to saidI side plate, said sheathing being secured»
toV the outside of said posts, and brackets for se
curing the lower ends of said posts to said side
sill, each of said brackets being formed separately 60
from said means securing said sheathing to said
side sill comprising a substantially horizontal
flange overlapping and secured to said inwardly
extending sill flange, a vertical flange extending
upwardly from said horizontal flange and secured 65
to the lower end of one of said posts and a down
wardly extending flange secured to said vertical
portion of the side sill.
19. A railway house car comprising a metallic
underframe including a side sill having a verti 70
cal portion and an upper substantially horizontal
inwardly extending flange, a metallic side plate,
metallic sheathing, means securing said sheath
ing to said side plate, means securing said sheath
75
6
2,125,047
ing to said side sill, metallic posts terminating
above said side sill and secured at their upper
ends to said side plate, said sheathing being Se
cured to the outside of said posts, and brackets
for securing the lower ends of said posts to said
side sill, each of said brackets comprising a sub
stantially horizontal flange overlapping and se
cured to said inwardly extending sill flange, a
Vertical flange secured to said sheathing, a verti
cal flange extending at substantially a right angle
to said first-mentioned bracket flanges and se
cured to the lower end of one of said posts and a
downwardlyA extending flange secured to said Ver
tical portion of said sill.
20. A railway house car comprising a metallic
underframe, a metallic side plate, metallic
sheathing, means securing said sheathing to said
side plate, means securing said sheathing to said
underframe, metallic posts terminating above said
20 underframe and secured at their upper ends to
25
said side plate, said sheathing being secured to
the outside of said posts and brackets for secur
ing the lower ends of said posts to said under
frame, each of said brackets comprising a sub
stantially horizontal flange overlapping and se
cured to said underframe, a vertical flange ex
tending upwardly from said horizontal flange and
30
secured to the lower end of one of said posts,
said bracket flanges being disposed on the in
side of’the means securing said sheathing to Vsaid
underframe, each of said brackets comprising also
a downwardly extending flange secured to said
underframe.
2l. A railway house car comprising a metallic
underframe, including a side sill having an in
35 wardly extending substantially horizontal flange,
a metallic side plate, metallic posts, means secur
ing said posts to said side plate, said posts ter
minating above said side sill and being disposed
40
so that a portion of each of said posts lies verti
cally above said sill and a portion extends out
wardly of said side sill, metallic sheathing se
cured to the outside of said posts in outwardly
spaced relationship to said sill, means securing
said sheathing to said side plate, a metallic mem
ber having a vertical flange secured to and along
the lower margin of said sheathing and a hori
zontal flange extending inwardly and overlapping
and secured to the horizontal flange of said side
sill and brackets for securing the lower ends of
said posts to said side sill, each of said brackets
comprising a horizontal flange lying between the
lower end of one of said posts and the horizontal
flange of said metallic member and secured to
the inwardly extending flange of said side sill, a
vertical flange secured to the vertical flange of
said metallic member and a vertical flange ex
tending at right angles to said horizontal and
vertical flanges of said bracket and secured to
the lower end of said post.
22. A railway house car comprising a metallic
underframe, including a side sill having an in
wardly extending substantially horizontal flange,
a metallic side plate, metallic posts, means secur
ing said posts to said side plate, said posts ter
minating above said side sill and being disposed
so that a portion of each of said posts lies verti
cally above said sill and a portion extends out
wardly of said side sill, metallic sheathing secured
to the outside of said posts in outwardly spaced re
lationship to said sill, means securing said sheath
ing to side plate, a metallic member having a ver
tical flange secured to and along the lower margin
of said sheathing and a horizontal flange extend
ing inwardly and overlapping and secured to the
horizontal flange of said side sill and'brackets for
securing the lower ends of said posts to said side'
sill, each of said brackets comprising a horizontal
flange lying between the lower end of one of said
posts and the horizontal flange of said metallic
member and secured to the inwardly extending
flange of `said side sill, a vertical flange secured
to the vertical flange of said metallic member and
a vertical flange extending at right angles to
said horizontal and vertical flanges of said bracket
and secured to the lower end of said post, said
first-mentioned vertical flange of each of said
brackets being secured to the lower margin of said
sheathing.
23. A railway house car comprising a metallic 30
underframe, including a, side sill having an in
wardly extending substantially horizontal flange,
a metallic side plate, metallic posts of Z shape in
cross section, said posts being arranged with their
webs at right angles to the longitudinal center 35
line of the car and their inner and outer flanges
parallel to said center line, means securing said
posts to said side plate, said posts terminat
ing above said side sill and having their outer
flanges disposed outwardly of said side sill, 40
metallic sheathing secured to the outside of said
outer post flanges in outwardly spaced rela
tionship to said side sill, means securing said
sheathing to said side plate, a metallic member
having a vertical flange secured to and along the 45
lower margin of said sheathing and a horizontal
flange extending inwardly below the lower ends
of said posts, said horizontal flange overlapping
and secured to the horizontalV flange of said
side sill, and a bracket for securing each post to 50
said side sill, each of said brackets comprising
a horizontal flange lying between the lower end of
one of said posts and the horizontal flange of
said metallic member and secured to the horizon
tal flange of said side sill, a vertical flange secured
to the vertical flange of said metallic member
and a vertical flange extending at right angles
to said first mentioned bracket flanges and se
cured to the web of said post.
Y
FRANK DITCHFIELD.
CERTIFICATE OE' CORRECTION.
Patent No., 2,125,0h7.
`
'
,
FRANK DITCHFIELD.
July 26,' 1958.
v
It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requiring eorrection as follows: Page h, first
> column, line h2, claim 5, after “lower" insert the words end of; and that
vthe said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that
`¿ the same may conform to the record of’ the ease in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 50th day of August, A.. D. 1958.v
Henry Van Arsdale
(Seal)
n
Acting Commissioner of Patents..
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