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Патент USA US2125098

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July 26, 19380
\ 2,125,098
Filed May 29, 1937
BY @076 W“
Patented July 26, 1938
rrso srrs
John M. Benninger, Brooklyn, N. ‘521, assignor of
one-halfv to Fannie Tannenbaum, New York,
N. Y.
Application May 29, 1937, Serial No. 145,489
2 Claims.
This invention relates to hat forms, and more
particularly to forms employed in the manufac
ture and blocking of hats. The invention is par
ticularly adaptable to hat forms for hats having
5 portions of the crown directed inwardly requiring
theiform to be larger than the opening through
which it must be retracted.
The objects of the invention are to provide a
form which is more readily removed or retracted
from the hat after the form has served its pur
10 pose; to avoid any unnecessary deformation of
the hat while removing the form; to avoid
stretching the inturned portion of the hat to re
move the form; to enable the form to separate
15 and the parts to be removed individually with
contraction of the form becoming effective im
mediately upon beginning the operation of sepa
(Cl. 223-24)
ber in a diametric direction. In other words the
slope is in a direction generally outward with
respect to the outer edge or face of the said
The form is completed by a plurality of re
movable members, of which one removable mem
ber 56 has a correspondingly sloping face I‘! to
engage the sloping face iii of the fixed member
and has parallel side faces l8, l 8 which, when the
removable member E6 is assembled against the 10
?xed member i2, will be in the same plane as the
plane faces l3, l3 of the ?xed member. The said
removable member it which for convenience will
be referred to as the intermediate removable
member. when assembled with the fixed member 15
52, will therefore constitute together a diametric
segment of the form portion of the block resting
rating the parts; to provide a form which may be ' on both sides of the assembled segment.
The form is then completed by a pair of similar
readily adapted to various shapes of hats with
20 equal effectiveness; to minimize the number of segments or members l9, l9 having inner plane 20
parts of the form and enable them to be readily surfaces 2%, 20 to each engage the plane faces I2
removable; to secure simplicity of construction and E8 of the assembled mid section. The outer
and operation; and to obtain other advantages surfaces of the assembled block are shaped to
comprise the desired shape and form for the hat,
and results as may be brought out in the follow
and the speci?c shape here illustrated is a bulging .25
25 ing description.
Referring to the accompanying drawing in
which like numerals of reference indicate similar
parts throughout the several views:Figure 1 is a plan view of the assembled form;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view substan
tially on line 2—2 of Figure 1; and
Figure 3 is another Vertical sectional View
transverse to that of Figure 2 and substantially
on line 3—3 of Fig. 2.
In the speci?c embodiment of the invention i1
lustrated in said drawing the reference numeral
l? designates the base portion of the form, which
in this instance is illustrated as cylindrical with
a ?at under surface H for enabling the form to
40 sit upright on a work bench or elsewhere as may
be found desirable.
The said base has formed
integral therewith or attached thereto one mem
ber E2 of the hat shaping portion of the form,
the said member if being shown as having two
45 side surfaces l3, l3 which are parallel to each
other and in a plane normal to the under surface
II of the base portion It. Preferably the upper
surface 14 of the base portion from which the
member l2 projects is likewise normal to the side
50 faces l3, E3 of said member and parallel to the
under surface l l. The face l5 of the ?xed mem
ber I2 is in a plane which slopes with respect to
the horizontal parallel surfaces ii and M of the
base, the slope being in a direction from the base
55 outwardly to reduce the width of the said mem
pan-cake con?guration, although any other de
sired shape may be substituted. Under the ?aring
crown portion in this pan-cake con?guration, the
several members comprising the form are, when
assembled shaped to comprise a cylindrical con- 30
?guration or neck portion 2i with appropriate
grooves 22,
circumferential around the same
for enabling the felt or other material comprising
the hat to be tied in as usual. It will be observed
that the form is one which provides a circum- 5
ferentia] ?are or overhang above and entirely
around the neck portion 2i, and it is because of
this greater size of the ?are to the size of the neck
which requires special consideration for enabling
the form to be removed from the hat after the 40
hat is shaped or blocked.
The several members it and H] are held as
sembled during blocking with respect to ?xed
member l2 by means of dove tail tenons 23, 23
all of which are fast upon the ?xed member 12 45
on the plane surfaces l3, l3 and i5 thereof all of
which slope axially parallel with the inner sloping
face E5 of the said ?xed member.
Each of the
members has corresponding
tail grooves therein sloping from the lower ends 50
of the members and upon both at the lower ends
and plane surfaces of said members.
It will accordingly be now appreciated, that in
use of my improved hat form, after a hat is
shaped thereon, the base portion may be drawn 55
away from the hat, which immediately results in
member l2 moving inward with respect to the hat
and other members by virtue of the sloping face
l5 and sloping dove tail interconnections. This
reduction of the size, effective immediately start
ing to move the base portion and its attached
member [2 forthwith loosens the hat with respect
to the form, and the form member l2 will thus
be readily withdrawn from the hat Without any
10 undue stretching or deformation of the hat, and
member I 6 is then easily grasped and withdrawn,
after it the larger segmental members 19, l 9 can
be withdrawn one after the other. The fact that
the hat is loosened immediately upon starting to
bers each having lateral hat-engaging portions
15 move the base and its attached member I2 is ex
hat-engaging portions adapted to be ?tted to
gether to make the complete form for tensioning
ceedingly bene?cial in accomplishing the ready
and convenient removal of the form from the hat.
It is likewise to be observed that the dove tail
tenons and sockets have an upward converging
20 taper so as to likewise loosen with the initial
movement between the parts, and the operator
therefore has no struggle to get the parts sepa
rated and thus there is no tendency to injure the
hat by pushing on the form members or by other
25 operations which have heretofore been necessary
in hat manufacturing to extract the form from
the hat.
I claim:—
1. A hat form comprising more than two mem
adapted to be ?tted together to make a complete
form for tensioning a hat thereon, two of said
members having sloped and engaging surfaces
one of which members may be ?rst retracted and
thereby enable the form to be reduced in size and
the hat-engaging portion of the said ?rst re
tracted member to immediately retract from its
hat tensioning and engaging position immedi
ately upon sliding said ?rst retracted member
with the sloped surface with respect to the other
member with the sloped surface.
2. A hat form comprising in combination, a
base, more than two members each having lateral
a hat thereon, one said member and base being
?xed with respect to each other, said ?xed mem
ber having a surface sloping at an angle with re
spect to the base, and another of said members
having a face correspondingly sloped for engaging 20
the ?rst said face and enabling the members to
be disassembled by relative sliding of the base and
its member with respect to the other members and
thereby immediately retract the ?xed member
from hat-tensioning position and reduce the ef 25
fective size of the form.
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