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Патент USA US2125114

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Filed July 3, 1953
w létëlëßôlì
@2mm -
Patented July 26, 1938
Jack Kugelman, Philadelphia, Pa.
Application July 3, 1933, Serial No. 678,841
5 Claims. (Cl. 66--187 )
This invention relates to hosiery and more by plaiting, splicing and the like. In such stock
particularly to improvements in the design and ings, itis quite apparent that due to this rela
tively stretchless character of the foot portion
construction of the foot portion thereof.
One of the most vexing problems confronting thereof the fabric is subjected to abnormal strains
the manufacturers and dealers of stockings has
been the diñiculty of providing stockings which
will comfortably and snugly fit the foot of the
wearer. The ordinary practice being to manu
facture stockings in different standard foot sizes,
10 the usual differential being one-half inch meas
ured from the rear of the heel to the tip of the
toe, the fact has long been appreciated that such
stockings ñt more or less snugly only the average
foot. If the problem Was one merely of foot
length, it would not be so serious because the
different sizes of stockings as are now available
are based upon differences in the foot lengths.
It is hardly necessary, however, to point out that
whereas the feet of one individual may be iden
20 tical in length with those of another individual,
there may be vast differences in the girth dimen
tions of the different individuals’ feet. The di
mension around the instep may be greater in
the case of one individual than in the case of
25 another, the width across the toes may be quite
different and likewise one individual’s heel may
be much stouter than another’s. Or an indi
vidual may have a relatively narrow toe spread
and a wide heel spread or vice versa, yet the
30 length of the foot may be quite average.
Having these considerations in mind, it be
comes immediately apparentV that a stocking of
a standard foot size, say, for example, size 10,
may properly ñt the foot of an individual having
an average size 10 foot, but it would not properly
fit the same length foot of an individual who
might have an unusually wide toe or heel spread.
It is to accommodate these various sizes of
feet, that the shoe manufacturers have resorted
to themanufacture ofdifferent widths of shoes
for each given length thereof. Thus, we have a
size 5 shoe with different Widths A, B, C, D etc.
Heretofore and priorto this invention, no effort
has been made to provide stockings which are
adapted to accommodate properly feet of a given
length but of varying girth dimensions and it is
accordingly among the principal objects of this
invention to accomplish this important result
and so solve a problem which has been long
existent in the hosiery industry. ,
and stresses when the lstocking is fitted upon a
foot of greater than average girth either in the
heel or across the toes. Due also to the 'fact
that in a knitted fabric of the character here
concerned with, a greater give or stretch is ob
tainable in the course-wise direction than in the 10
Wale-wise direction, the tendency is for the foot
of the stocking to become fore-shortened in con
sequence of which it naturally binds the foot of.
the wearer at the same time that its durability~
is decreased because of the abnormal stresses
Which‘ are thus established in the strained parts
of the stocking foot.
These objections and difficulties are overcome
most effectively by fabricating the part or parts
of the stocking foot which are so subjected to ab-- 20
normal strain in such manner as to introduce
thereincourses'of loosely knit loops, it being
Within the concept of the present invention to
provide one or more designated parts of the
stocking foot with loose courses throughout or
with a combination of loosely knit and tightly 25
knit courses.
All of the foregoing will be more apparent from
the detailed description of the invention appear
ing hereinafter, as will other objects and advan 30
tages of the present invention.
The invention consists substantially in the com
bination, construction, location and relative ar
rangement of the knitted loops of the stocking
foot, all as will appear more fully hereinafter, as 35
shown in the accompanying drawing and as
finally pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a stocking
fitted upon the leg of the wearer and constructed 40
in accordance with the principles of the present
Figure 2 is an enlarged view of the foot portion
of the stocking shown in Figure 1;
Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 are enlarged views of 45
different forms of knitted fabrics of which the
designated part or parts of the stocking foot may
be fabricated; and
Figure 7 is an enlarged view of the foot portion
~ of a stocking showing a furthermodiñcation of 50
the foot shown in Figure l.
The stocking as ordinarily constructed at pres
ent is provided with a foot, either full fashioned
or seamless, the fabric of which is composed of
ticularly to Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6, wherein are
a series of interlooped courses of more or less
shown on an enlarged scale different forms of the
tightly knitted loops. These tightly knitted loops
knitted fabric such as are adapted to be selec 55
tively employed in one or more parts of the
renderthe fabric relatively non-extensible both
in a course-wise direction as Well as in a wale-A
wise direction, this inability to stretch or give
being further heightened by the fact that the
60 foot of the stocking is ordinarily reinforced, as
Referring no-w to the drawing and more par
stocking foot, it will be observed that each of
these fabrics is characterized by the provision of
one or more courses of loosely knitted loops, the
manner of producing the same being well known 60
.in the knitted hosiery art. In Figure 3 the fabric
is composed entirely of loosely knitted loops a,
the several courses b thereof being interlooped
in the usual manner.
In the fabric of Figure 4 the fabric is composed
alternately of single courses of loosely knitted
and tightly knitted loops, the loose courses being
designated c and the tight courses being desig
natedv d.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that the
invention is susceptible of variousA changes and
modifications, all .Without necessitating any de
parture from the real spirit or general principles
of the invention, and it is accordingly intended to
claim the same broadly, as Well as specifically,
as indicated by the appended claims.
What‘is claimed as new and useful isz-
1. A knitted stocking having a foot section con
sisting of a plain tight knit instep fabric, a plain
In the fabric of Figure 5 a'plurality of inter
tight knit reinforced toe fabric, a plain tight knit '
looped courses e of tight loops are arranged alter
nately with respect to a single course f ~of loose reinforced heel fabric,- and a reinforced sole fabric
loops, it being observed that in this arrangement consisting of alternating plain tight knit courses
the single courses of loose loops are spaced apart and loose knit courses providing greater stretch 15
15 by the intervening plural number of tight courses ' therein for accommodating increased relative dis
placement of the toe fabric and the heel fabric
for increasing and decreasing the length of the
In Figurs 6 the fabric is substantially there
verse of that shown in Figure 5 in that a single
course g of tight loops intervenes each set of inter
looped loose courses h.
Inasmuch as the fabrics just described are
adapted to be employed in the fabrication of
those parts of the stocking foot which receive
the greatest wear, -as in thel heel, sole and/or
25 toe, the fabric may be reinforced as by employ
ing a heavier or stronger yarn, or by employing
simultaneously two or more threads to form the
courses or by any other expedient well known in
the art. Furthermore, it is to be understood
that the ratio of loose courses to tight courses
and their relative relation may be changed as
desired, depending upon the degree of elasticity
desired in the particular part of the stocking foot
in which the present invention is embodied.
Referring now more particularly to Figures 1
and 2 it will be observed that in the stocking
therein shown the invention has been' incorpo
foot section.
2. A knitted stocking having a plain tight knit
leg fabric, a plain tight knit instep fabric, .a re 20
inforced plain tight knit toe fabric, a reinforced
plain tight knit heel fabric, and a reinforced sole
fabric, said sole fabric consisting throughout its
entire- area of alternating tight loop courses and
loose loop courses, 'said tight> loop courses having 25
greater elasticity than the loose loop courses and.
said loose loop courses having greater stretch
than the tight loop courses whereby the sole
fabric will have greater stretch than is character
istic of a', plain knit sole fabric.
3. A stocking of the character described having
a foot section consistingl of a plain tight-knit
instep fabric, and reinforced sole, toe and heel
portions, said sole portion being plain tight-knit
and said toe and heel portions being knitted of 35
interlooped courses of -loose and tight loops, the
courses of loose loops being arranged singly and
rated in the heel I0 of -the stocking as well as fin intervening relation between courses of said
tight loops, an equal number of the latter courses
being disposed upon either side of each of the 40
40 course, that the invention may be embodied in
the heel alone or in the toe alone, as desired. In said single courses of loose loops.
in the '_toe Il thereof, it being understood, of
addition, the invention may be confined entirely
Within the sole I2 ofv the stocking as shown in
Figure '7, the heel I0 and the toe Il being com
45 posed of plain tight knit loops of reinforced yarn.
It Will lbe understood of course that in pro
4. A stocking of the character described having
a »foot section consisting of a plain tight-knit in
step fabric, and reinforced sole, toe and heel por
tions,`said sole portion being plain tight-knit and
said- heel and toe portions of the stocking foot
ducing the stocking of the present invention, the , section being knitted of a plurality of interlooped `
foot thereof is fabricated upon the same machine . courses of tight and loose loops whereby to pro
and in substantially the same manner as are the '
50 ordinary stockings, the‘only departure from the
vide in said heel and toe portions an increased
degree of» stretch or give to accommodate the 50
normal operation being that as the knitting of
the fabric progresses toward the parts of the
foot which require elasticity the character of
the knitted loops is changed to provide the all
55 over loose course fabric of Figure 3 or the'com
bined tight and loose course fabrics of Figures 4,
5 or 6 or any desired modification thereof.
Not only is a stocking having a foot fabricated
in the manner just described much more com
60 _fortable to the wearer than the ordinary stock
ing, but it is also rendered far more durable due
to the fact that abnormal strains in the toe, sole
stocking foot to feet of'different sizes„the said
courses of loose loops being uniformly distributed
throughout the entire extents of said heel and toe
portions and being- separated from each other by
at least one course of tightly knitted loops.
' 5. - A knitted stocking having a foot section con
sisting of a non-reinforced plain tight-knit instep
fabric, and reinforced toe, sole and heel fabrics,
at least one of said reinforced fabrics being fabri
cated throughout exclusively of plain “tight” and 60
plain “loose” knit~ courses, While the reinforced
fabric immediately adjoining it is fabricated en
tirely of plain‘tight” knit courses,'said 'tight loop
and/or heel thereof are substantially eliminated. Acourses having greater elasticity than the loose
In appearance,- also, the stocking foot so fabri-`
cated is an improvement over the ordinary struc
loop courses and said loose loop courses having 65
greater stretch than the tight loop courses where
ture inasmuch as the presence of the loose cours - by greater stretch is imparted to the first-men
Y es when evenly' distributed throughout the heel, tioned of said immediately adjoining fabrics than
-sole and/or toe of the stocking imparts to these
70 portions of the stocking a soft appearance which ~
is highly desirable.
to the last-mentioned thereof.
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