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Патент USA US2125236

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July 26, 1938-
w. R. EDGEWORTH
2,125,236
GAME APPARATUS
FiledfApril 20, 1956
104
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
H6 .3.
_ P76. 6.
14’- m6
_
5
,
4M
Patented July 26, 1938
2,125,236
UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE
2,125,236
GAME APPARATUS
William R. Edgeworth, Chicago, Ill., assignor to
Rubini Cigar Company, Chicago, 111., a cor
poration of Illinois
Application April '20, 1936, Serial No. 75,482
28 Claims.
‘This invention relates to game apparatus, and
more particularly pertains to such apparatus
which is controlled through the intermediation
of a token, such as a coin, and has to do-with
5 such a game in which dice or similar elements
are employed.
>
~
The apparatus of the invention is mainly con
cerned with automatically playing the well
known dice game known as “twenty six”, which,
10 as a rule, is played by throw of the dice.
The game of “twenty six” as played by hand,
comprises the following order of play in scoring.
First a player must choose one or more char
acters of the dice, of which ten are employed,
11 01 for his point or points upon which his score or
scores are to be determined, the player being al
lowed to throw the dice thirteen times. After
each throw of the dice, the number of same dis
playing a character chosen by the player is
2 O recorded on a score sheet.
Then upon comple
tion of the thirteenth throw of the dice, if the
total of any point exceeds twenty six, the player
wins.
--
>
(Cl. 194-9)
Fig. 4 is a detail section taken on the line 4—4
of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a detail section taken on the line
5-5. of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a detail plan section of certain parts
of Fig. 3, as may be taken on the section line
6-6 of said ?gure.
_
Fig. '7 is a detail'plan view of the apparatus,
with parts broken away, parts in section and
other parts shown diagrammatically.
Fig. 8 is a vertical detail section of the appa
ratus, as may be taken substantially on the
section line 8—-8 of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a perspective View of a die employed
15
in the game apparatus.
Fig. 10 is a detail section of the die, as taken
on the section line Iil—l0 of Fig. 9.
Fig. '11 is a detail section of the die, as taken
on the section line ll-ll of Fig. 9.
Fig. 12 is another detail section of the die,
as taken on the section line lZ-IZ of Fig. 9.
'Fig. 13 is a diagrammatic plan section of Fig.
8, as taken substantially on the section line
' It is one object of the invention to provide such
I3—|3 of said ?gure with parts omitted, parts
25 a game apparatus that will automatically play
broken away and other parts shown in diagram
and in changed position.
Fig. 14 is a detail view of a portion of Fig. '7,
showing certain parts in full and other parts in
the game as outlined, through the intermedia
tion of a token or coin for each point ‘chosen,
and wherein the total or totals of the point -or
points scored will be registered during the proc
3 O ess of the game until thirteen throws of the
changed position.
dice have been effected.
Fig. 15 is a detail vertical section of Fig. 13,
as taken substantially on the section line I5--I5
Although the invention is mainly concerned
with the garnelof “twenty six”, the invention is
of said ?gure.
‘Fig. 16 is a circuit diagram of electrically op
not to be so limited because of its adaptability to
erated means of the invention.
35 other dice games, such as the 'well known
“bunco game”.
1
Further, the games may be played with cubes
having sides differently colored in place of nu~
merals, because the scoring is determined by the
4 O number of times a given character appears on
the dice after thirteen throws thereof.
,
The above objects will become apparent by
reference to the accompanying drawings and
45 the specification as follows.
In the drawings:
'
_
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the apparatus.
Fig. 2 is a vertical‘ section of the apparatus,
as maybe taken on the section line 2—2 of
50 Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic elevation of the coin
‘control or coin head meansof the apparatus, as
may be taken on the line 3—3 of Fig. 2, show
ing certain parts in full lines and other parts
.55 in dot and dash lines.
‘
The apparatus includes a box-like housing I,
whose top 2 has a depressed portion 3 forming
an enclosure-4 with the glass top cover 5, within
which enclosure ten dice 6 are con?ned to be
automatically played. In the depressed portion
3 of the top is a circular opening 1, within which
is arranged to rotate, a turn-table or disc 8,
which is mounted on the top end of a vertical
shaft 9 rotatably mounted in spaced bearings Ill
and II of a frame-work l2 in the housing. The
turn-table is rotated by an electric motor l3 45
(see Fig. 7), whose drive pulley I4 drives a
grooved pulley I5 on the turn-table shaft 9,
through the intermediation of a belt H5.
The top surface of the turn-table is flush
with the. top surface of the depressed portion
3, and is provided withra fabric covering to cause
the dice con?ned thereon to be tumbled over
and over as the table rotates. The dice are con
?ned on the turn-table by annular retaining
wall ll, of the depressed portion 3, which is dis
55
2
2,125,236
posed concentric with the table and arranged
slightly outward of the opening‘! of the de
pressed portion.
'
After the dice have been tumbled over on
the turn-table for a certain length of time, they
are caused to be urged by centrifugal force
against the retaining wall i1, and along which
wall they are directed into a trap at a given
station‘in cooperative relation with means ar.
10 ranged to register the number of dice displaying
the axis of the turn-table with a resilient con
tactor 32 at its inner end in constant engage
ment with the periphery of an electric controller
drum 33 which isoscillatably mounted on the
turntable shaft 9.
‘
Generally, the controller drum 33 is arranged,
or provided, with switching means 34 which,
upon oscillation of the drum at the proper time,
cooperates with electrically operated registering
means 35 in recording the number of dice dis
a certain character or characters.
I
playing acertain character or characters in the
The trap includes a segmental arcuate guide 3 trap, as determined by the position of the feeler
wall it} disposed concentric with and arranged
inward of the retaining wall H, and having
15 brackets G9 at its ends secured to said wall for
mounting. The trap may also include a glass
top secured under the brackets i9.
Gate means
is provided for the trap, which is arranged to
control the entrance “A” and exit or outlet “B”
thereofrwhereby the entrance is closed’ and the
exit open during a given number of turns of the
turn-table so that the dice may be sufliciently
tumbled on the turn-table before they are caused
to enter the trap.
Upon being so tumbled, the
25 dice are caused to enter the trap upon opening
of the entrance thereof, at which time the exit
of the trap is closed. The gate vcomprises an arou
ate gate lever 29 disposed outsideof the portion
of the retaining wall l1 adjacent the trap,,and
resiliently held against the underside of the ?ange
38 by a coiled spring 46, which spring is inter
posed between the collar and the support plate
28. The cross-head plate 3'! is mounted for ver
tical reciprocation upon a vertical guide rod Al on
which the elongated bearing sleeve 42 of the
plate is slidably received. The plate 31 is also
guided along the arcuateinner edge '63 of the
lower support plate 28, whereby it is held in
lever 20 is an entrance gate portion 22, in the
form of a pointed hook, that is caused to pro
the feeler pins may assume various positions by
their engagement with the dice in the trap, and
is turned counter-clockwise, as seen in plan. At
the other end of the gate lever is an exit gate
portion 24, in the form of a hook, that .is caused
40 to project through the slot 23 in the wall I? to
close the exit of the trap when the gate lever is
moved in a clockwise direction, as seen in plan.‘
Means for operating the gate lever will be de
scribed later.
,
The meansyfor registering the characters dis
played on the dice when in the trap, includes the
following.
In order that mechanical means may be em
50 on the dice in the trap, each die (see Figs. 9 to
12,) is ‘provided with an aperture ‘25. inv'each
side thereof, with the exception of the sidethere
of displaying the “six”, that is of a depth char
acteristic of the number appearing on the oppo
site side. In other words, the depths of the aper
‘ tures will proportionately increase from that in
dicative of the “two” side of the die to the “six”
side.
Thus
when the cross-head is raised, as seen in Fig. 15,
when the cross-head is lowered, all'the pins are ;
returned to their normal starting position.
The cross¢head is' normally held in lowered po- -
,sition by a latch device comprising a latch arm
44 which is loosely fulcrumed on the turn-table
shaft 9, below the drum. The latch arm has :
a hooked end 440. which is guided in agroove
of a guide block 45 on the, support plate 28, and
is arranged to be resiliently’ urged into a notch
46 in one end of the cross-head plate 3?, by
means of a tension spring,“ When the latch to
arm is operated to release the cross-head,~in the
manner later described, the head is raised by a
ployed for determining the characters appearing
.
60 posed directly over upright feeler pins 26, respec
tively, arranged about the edge of the turn-table,
which are then caused. to project into the aper
tures of the dice and in turn cause the opera
tion of registering means for recording the char
actersdisplayed on the. dice. '
,
compression spring 48 which surrounds the guide
rod 41 and is interposed between the cross-head
sleeve 42 and the. base, of the rod.
The latch arm 44 is operated to release the
cross-head and the cross-head iscaused to be
returned to its lower position by the following
means. f Loosely mounted on the turn-table shaft
‘9 above the drum 33, isan operator arm 5E which
is oscillated by a crank device 5!, through the
connecting link 52, so as to pass back and forth
over thecontaot levers 29. v The crank device
When the .dice are in the'trap, they are dis
65
the pins 26 project with a collar 39 on each pin
position with respect to the feeler pins.
the’ entrance of the trap’ when the gate lever
55
The feeler pins 26 are normally held positively
in lowered position; with their top ends slightly 15
below the plane of’ the top surface of the turn
table, by means of a vertically reciprocable cross
head 36. The cross-head comprises a. vertical
plate 31, formed arcuately about the axis of the
turn-table, with a top flange 38 through which 20
is mounted at its central portion on the top end
of a vertical shaft 2| suitably mounted in bear
ings of the frame-work [2. At one end of the
35 ject through a slot 23 in the wall ll’ to close
45
pins in the apertures of the dice.
_
To this end, the feeler pins, are reciprocably'
I mounted in bearings of two‘ vertically spaced
upper and lower horizontal support plates 2] and
a 28, respectively, which, are'secured by. upright
70 posts 28a to the base of the frame-work, I2. The
lower end of each feelerpin is in. slidable pivotal
connection with one end of a circuit continuing
contact lever 29 which is fulcrumed intermediate
its ends, asat 30, on a support‘post 3i, and
75 which lever extends angularly upward toward
comprises ,a gear, suitably mounted to rotate,
which is in mesh with, so as to be driven by, 60
the drive pinion’ em on the drive shaft. of an
electric motor 5| b‘.
‘
'
As the operator arm 5!] is about to complete
a stroke int-he direction of the latch arm, as
seen in Fig. '7, it engages 8. lug 53'on the latch
arm and moves same therewith'to- release the
hooked end 44a thereof from ‘the notch of the
cross-head, whereupon the feeler pins are ele
vated into the dice in the trap. When the cross—
head is in its raised position, the latch arm is
held ‘in its releasing position'by its engagement
with the end of the head. ‘
,
.
When at the other end of its stroke, as's‘een in
Fig. 14,'the operator arm operates upon the cam
end 54 of a cross-head control lever 55 which
2,125,236
3
the tension of its spring, by a spring pressed hold
lowers the cross-head. The lever 55 has sliding
connection at its central portion with the cross
head sleeve, as at 59, and is fulcrumed at its end
ing dog 8| pivoted suitably at 82.
Mounted radially in the insulating section 33
opposite the cam thereon on the lower sup
of the controller drum 33, and arranged in spaced
relation vertically with contact surfaces flush
port plate 28, as at 5?.
'
The operator arm 59 also controls the opera
tion of the gate lever 2i] in time relation with the
feeler pins 26. To this end, as the operator arm
is depressing the cross-head operating lever 55,
10 to lower the feeler pins, as seen in Fig. 14', it
also has camming engagement with the cam end
59 of a gate control lever 59 in cooperating there
with to rock the gate lever 29 so that its gate
portion 22 is projected across the entrance of the
trap, and whereupon its exit gate portion is with
drawn from the exit of the trap. The gate con
trol lever 59 is centrally secured on the gate shaft
2!, and has an arm extension $9 opposite its cam
end arranged to be engaged by the-hooked end
20 6! of a spring pressed trigger 62, to cooperate
therewith in holding the gate lever 20 in its posi
tion closing the entrance of the trap against the
tension of a tension spring 63 suitably connected
with the control lever. The trigger 62 is pivoted,
‘ as at 69, on the upper support plate 2?, and has
a cam arm extension 65 for cooperative engage
ment with the operator arm 59 to cause the re
lease of the gate lever.
The gate lever 2E3 remains in its position closing
the entrance of the trap while the operator arm
is returning toward the other end of its stroke
in the direction of the latch arm M, and just
prior to its engagement with the latch arm, the
operator arm engages the cam arm 65 of the
35 trigger to release same, whereupon the gate lever
is moved by the spring 63 to effect the opening
and closing of the entrance and exit of the trap
respectively, as seen in Fig. 7.
The controller drum 33 and the registering
means 95 controlled thereby as determined by the
position of the feeler pins in the dice when same
are in the trap, will now be described.
' The registering means includes seven similar
dial devices 66, iii’, 68, 59, ll}, ‘H and '52, which,
45 with the exception of the last mentioned, are ar
ranged to respectively register the totals relating
to the number of dice displaying the “ace”, “two”,
“three”, “four”, “?ve” and “six” after each trap
ping operation of the dice. The dial devices are
located in a row directly below the depressed por
tion 3 of the housing. In the depressed portion
3 of the housing is a suitable total indicating
window l’Za for each dial device. The dials S6
to ‘i l , inclusive, are arranged with numerals from
“0” to “38” preferably. The dial device 12 is
adapted to register the number of cycles of oper
ation of the apparatus, and is arranged to co
operate with token or coin control means in main
taining the apparatus operative until thirteen
recording operations have been completed.
Each dial device comprises a dial mounted on
a suitably supported shaft 73, on which one end
or" a clock spring it is connected with its other end
anchored so as to urge the dial in a direction re
65 turning same to its starting position with the
“0” thereof appearing at its window. Each dial
is held in its said position by a stop 15 which
limits the movement of a pin 78 on each dial.
70 Each dial is provided with a ratchet wheel TI
thereunder which is operated to advance the dial
by a pawl '58 pivotally connected to one end of
the sliding core 1'19 of a solenoid 89. Upon en
ergization of a solenoid, its dial is advanced one
75. step, in which position the dial is held against
with the periphery of the drum, are circuit con
tinuing contacts 84, 85, 86, 81, 88 and 89, reading
from the upper to the lower, which are respec
tively in electric circuit connection, through con
ductors 90, with one side of the solenoids of the 10
dials 96 to ‘H, which are representative of the
“ace” to the “six”, respectively, of the dice. The
other side of the solenoids of the score recording
dials are connected to one side of the power lines
9!, from which continues a main conductor am 15
having branches 9lb connected to the solenoids.
The other side of the power lines is grounded to
the frame 52 of the apparatus in completing cir
cuit connection to the solenoids as well as to the
motors i 3 and 5H) driving the turn-table and 20
operator arm.
Thus, assuming that there are three dice in the
trap showing the “ace”, the resilient contactors
of the levers 29 operated by the feeler pins, are
lowered into the plane of the drum contact 34 25
representative of the “ace” dial, when the pins
are raised into contact with the dice.
Then,
when the drum is oscillated with the operator
arm, in a manner later described, when same re
turns after releasing the latch arm, said drum
contact is caused to engage each of the contactors
of the levers 29 successively, whereupon the sole
noid of the “ace” dial is energized three times to
cause the dial to register “3”.
The operator arm is connected with the drum 35
33, directly above the contacts thereof, by being
engaged in a notch 93 in the insulating section
83 of the drum.
Each dial device 66 to 1!, inclusive, is ren
dered operable through deposit of a token or 40
coin in coin controlled means, which also renders
the playing apparatus operative until thirteen
recording operations of the dice have been com
pleted, or in other words, until the operator
arm 59 has completed thirteen oscillations.
45
Referring to Figs. 1 to 6, the coin controlled
means comprises a coin slot head 94 mounted
under the top 2 of the housing, and is arranged
to extend alongside the row of dial devices. The
coin head has six aligned coin slots 95 spaced 50
in accordance with the dial devices 66 to H, so
as to be representative thereof respectively.
Each coin slot continues downward to the mid
portion of the head, from which point it con
tinues horizontally, as at 96, for a short dis 55
tance, then again continues downward into an
outlet portion 91. Slidably mounted in the side
of the coin head are two spaced and intercon
nected coin actuated bars 98, which intercept
one side of the horizontal coin slot porion 96. 60
Slidably mounted between the bars 98 is a coin
actuator bar 99 adapted to actuate the bars $3
by way of a coin 9964. When a coin is deposited
in a coin slot, it is confined in the portion 96.
thereof, and is interposed loosely between a pin 65
It!!! on the bar 99 and a pin Hll on each bar 93,
whereby, when the bar 99 is advanced, by manu
al manipulation of its handle Hill), the coin is
advanced to a position over the outlet portion
of the slot and the bars 98 are in turn advanced 70
thereby with the bar 99. When the coin actu
ator bar 99 is returned, by means of a suitable
tension spring I03 connected therewith, the
positioned coin is caused to drop into the exit
portion of the slot, and is caused to remain 75
2,125,236
therein for cooperating with switching means in
rendering its respective dial device operative.
The coin is retained in the slot outlet by its
engagement with a stop pin iIM on a spring urged
coin retaining bar I05 which is slidably mounted
in the side of the coin slot head so as to inter
cept the outlet, as seen in Fig. 3.
The switching means for cooperating with a
coin in the outlet of a slot includes the follow
10 mg.
Extending along the side of the coin slot head,
and arranged adjacent a coin actuated bar 98
so as to be operated thereby, is a movable switch
carrier bar I98, which is pivotally mounted to
15 the head, as at I91, so as to swing toward or
away from the head. On the carrier bar are
mounted six switches I98 included in the con
ductors 9ib of the solenoids of the dice record
ing dials respectively, and each of which is ar
ranged to cooperate with a coin in the outlet of
a slot in completing the circuit to its respective
dial device solenoid, when the carrier bar is
moved toward the coin head, and which move
ment of the carrier is effected by the coin actu
25 ated bars 98 when same are retracted.
Each switch IE8 includes two adjacent nor
trolled by the dial device ‘I2.
The switch II 8 is so arranged in cooperative 10'
relation with the latch arm, as .to be closed by
engagement therewith when same is released
by the operator arm at one end of its stroke, to
close the circuit to the solenoid of the shake re
cording dial in recording the number of strokes 15
of the arm.
a
When the shake recording dial registers thir
teen recording operations of the dice, it causes
the switch I2I to open the circuit to the'solenoid
thereof, whereupon the recording operation
coin contactor HI, of insulating material, on
cycles of operation of the apparatus.
I881)‘ for projecting
through an aperture I I2 in the side of the outlet
of its respective coin slot for engaging a coin
therein, in causing the members to contact and
close the circuit to their respective solenoid when
35 the carrier is swung toward the head.
The carrier bar is normally held against the
side of the coin head by means of a tension spring
2 I3 suitably connected therewith, and the carrier
is moved away from the head in opening the
40 switches I98, by means of its camming engage
ment with a suitably formed cam H4 on one
of the coin actuated bars 98, when said bars
are advanced through intermediation of a coin
only.
complete their forward strokes, the connecting
ing of a normally closed switch H6 inoiuded in
the main conductor 9Ia between its branches SI!)
50 and its power line connection, whereby'all the
electrically operated devices of the game ap
paratus are rendered inoperative when a coin
is being deposited in the outlet of a coin slot.
The said switch H6 is of a type similar to the
55 switches I08, with the exception that the con
tact members are normally in contact, with one
being extended for engagement with the end
of the member H5, in causing separation
thereof.
The switch I2I also controls the circuit to the 30
turn-table motor IS, in that one side of the motor
is connected to the frame, or ground, and its other
side is connected by a conductor I23 to the branch
I29 of the main conductor 9Ia by way of the
switch I2I.
35
Circuit connection to the motor 5W0, for the
operator arm 58, is controlled by the dice in the
trap, the gate lever 29 and the switch IZI. To
this end, one side of the motor 5Ib is connected
to the frame, or ground, and its other side is 40
connected by a conductor I28 to the main power
line conductor 9Ia, by way of the conductor I23
and the switch I2I. Included in the conductor
I24 is a leaf spring switch I25 mounted on the
When the coin actuated bars 98 are about to
member I I5 at the ends thereof causes the open—
,
The cycle recording dial device 72, generally
described in the foregoing, is operably connected
with the latch arm 45% and the motors I3 and
5Ib, to respectively record the number of cycles
of operation of the operator arm 59 until thir
65 teen cycles have been completed, and to then
open the circuit to the motors in rendering the
apparatus inoperative until a coin has been de
posited in a slot of the coin slot head, and then
de?ected by the coin actuator bar into the out
let of the slot.
In'that each dice recording operation of the
apparatus constitutes what may be’ termed a
shake of the dice, as played by hand, the dial
12 may be termed a shake recording device.‘
75
whose other side is grounded to the frame, as at
II 9. The other side of said solenoid is connect
ed to a branch I20 of the main conductor 9Ia,
in which branch is a leaf spring switch i2I con
and I081) which depend from the carrier with a
30 the end of the member
60
H8, comprising two adjacent contact members
suitably mounted on the lower support plate 28,
ceases and the motors I3 and SI?) are rendered
inoperative until the introduction of another
token or coin in the head 94.
The switch iZI comprises two normally con
tacting spring contact members, with one ar 25
ranged to extend into the path of a pin I22 of the
dial ‘I2, so as to be actuated thereby
causing
the switch to open when the dial records thirteen
mally spaced leaf spring contact members I98a
45
the dial 12 is connected by a conductor II'I to
one side of a normally open leaf spring switch
To this. end, one side of the solenoid 80 of
support plate 27 for controlling the operation of 45
the motor in accordance with the operation of
the gate. The switch I25 includes two self closing
terminals, of which one is extended into the path
of a pin I28 on the gate operating lever 59, so
as to be engaged thereby in causing the switch to 50
open when the gate is operated to open the en
trance of the trap and close its exit in effecting
the trapping of the dice, as seen in Fig. '7.
In'that the gate is opened by the release of
the‘ trigger 62, effected by the operator arm 50 55
just prior to- its engagement with the latch arm
44, the operator arm will be caused to stop func
tioning before completing its, stroke between its
engagement with the trigger and the latch arm,
as seen in Fig. ‘7.. The operator arm will remain 60
in this position, about to engage the latch arm,
with the entrance of the trap open to receive the
dice and the feeler pins lowered, until all of the
ten dice are urged by the turn-table into the trap.
When the dice are disposed in the trap, they are 65
caused to respectively close ten similar leaf spring
switches I21 in series connection in a conductor
I28 in bridging connection between the motor
, conductors I23 and i24, on the motor sides there
of. Thus, when the dice controlled switches have 70
been closed, the electric circuit to the motor 5Ib
is again established to cause the operator arm to
complete its stroke in releasing the latch arm to
effect projection of the feeler pins into the dice
preparatory to the recording thereof. When the 75
5
2,125,236
operator arm returns from its engagement with
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
the latch arm, it causes the contacts of the con
1. In a game apparatus, the combination of a
troller drum to cooperate with the resilient con
plurality of elements formed to be tumbled each
having sides provided with different character
tactors 32 of the levers 29 in closing the circuits
to the various dial devices as determined by the
positions of the feeler pins in the dice, is causing
the recording thereof, as heretofore generally
described. At the end of its said return stroke,
the operator arm again operates the gate lever to
10 close the entrance and open the exit of the trap,
' and also causes the feeler pins to be lowered, and
whereupon the switch I25 is again closed to re
establish circuit to the motor 5Ib, upon release of
indicating formations, means inclusive of a play
ing surface for tumbling the elements over the
surface so as to be urged to a given station, trap
means at said station to align the elements in
order, and means rendered operable by the ele
ments in the trap and arranged to cooperate with 10
certain formations of the elements respectively
for registering the totals of the characters indi
cated thereby.
the dice from the trap, whereby the operator arm
2. The structure as de?ned in claim 1, wherein
15 is returned to its starting position preparatory to
the last means comprises electrically operated
another cycle of operation.
Each switch i2? is suitably mounted on the
depressed top portion 3, at the outer side of that
portion of the retaining wall I‘! forming the trap,
so as to be operated by a die in the trap.
Each
of these switches includes two normally spaced
spring contact members, of which one projects
through the slot 23 in the retaining wall and into
the trap, so as to be moved into contact with its
25 other member by engagement with its respective
die in the trap.
'
It will be seen that during the time the operator
arm 59 is returning from the end of its stroke
after causing the release of the dice from the trap,
30 the dice so released onto the turn-table will be
35
15
arranged to be controlled by the elements in the
trap respectively.
3. The structure as de?ned in claim 1, wherein
the last means includes an operated registering
device for each character, movable feeler mem
bers for engagement with formations of the ele
ments in the trap respectively and each ar
ranged whereby it has different limits of move 25
ment by engagement with different formations, '
and each feeler member being operably connected
with the devices to operate same respectively in
its different limits of movement.
'
4. In a game apparatus, a plurality of elements 30
constantly de?ected from the entrance of the trap
by the gate, whereupon they will be tumbled over
formed to be tumbled each having sides provided
with different character indicating formations
and over on the table until the entrance of the
respectively, means inclusive of a playing sur
trap is again opened by the release of the trig
face for tumbling the elements over the surface
ger 62. -
so as to urge same to and from _a given station 35
thereof, a trap means at said station for the ele- ‘
Vifhen the apparatus ceases to function, after
thirteen recording operations thereof, as effected
by a token or coinin the outlet of a coin slot,
the dials are reset to “0” and the coin is released
40 from the slot outlet upon the next operation of
the coin actuated bars 98, by way of a coin being
deposited into an outlet of a slot. To accomplish
this, the lower coin actuated bar 98 has projec
tions H9 which respectively engage the free ends
475 of the dial holding dogs 8|, in releasing same
from their ratchets of the dials when the bar
reaches the end of its forward stroke. When the
holding dogs have been released,_ the dials are
urged into their starting positions, back to “0”,
50 by their clock springs 14.
The lower coin actuated bar 98 also has a pro
iection I38 which, when the bar is about to reach
the end of its forward stroke, engages a pin l3!
on the coin retaining slide bar I05, and moves
same to cause its pinsv I94 to be retracted out of
the path of a coin in the outlet of acoinslot, and
whereupon the released coin is then caused to
fall into a suitably arranged container I32 dis
posedin the housing.
ments having an entrance and an outlet for the
elements with operated gate means arranged to
alternately open and close the entrance and out
let respectively, and means arranged to be con 40
trolled by the elements in the trap for operating
‘the gate means.
5. The structure as de?ned in claim 4, wherein
the last means is arranged to operate the gate
means to close the trap entrance and open the 45
outlet after a given time of the trapping of the
elements, and including means rendering the op
erating means inoperative when the gate means
is operated to open the trap entrance and close
the outlet.
6. The structure as de?ned in claim 4, wherein
the last means comprises electrically operated
means having a circuit therefor, and switches in
said circuit in series connection and arranged to
be closed by the elements in the trap respectively.
7. The structure as de?ned in claim 4, wherein
the'last means is rendered operable by the ele
ments in the trap after a time of the trapping
55
thereof to operate the gate in opening the trap
It is,~of course, to be understood that the coin
actuated bars 98 are retracted after the advancing
outlet and including means rendering same in ,60
of a coin into the outlet portion 91 of a coin slot
outlet, wherein the operating means includes elec
trically operated means vhaving a circuit therefor,
and a switch in the circuit arranged to be con
95 by the coin actuator bar 99 by- any suitable
means, such as a spring substantially weaker than
65 the spring I83, or a loose connection may be pro
vided, between the bars 98 wand 99.
It is to be further observed that
circuit to the operating motors l3 and
ken at the switch l2! upon completion
70 cycles of operation of the apparatus,
while the
5H) is bro~
of thirteen
the circuit
is closed through the switch I2! when the dials
are, reset to zero position upon disengagement
of the dogs 8i by projections 52S upon advancing
movement of bars 88 at the beginning of a new
75
means having a circuit therefor, and switches in
cluded in series connection in the circuit and
play.
a
operative when the gate is operated to close the
65
trolled by the gate.
8. Ina game apparatus of the class described,
the combination of means forming a trap for
elements formed to be tumbled and then trapped
with an entrance opening and an outlet opening,
gate means arranged to alternately open and
close the entrance and outlet respectively, and
operating means for the gate means with means
rendering same operable when the elements are
in the trap.
9. The structure as de?ned in claim 8, wherein g5
6
2,125,236
the operating means includes electrically oper
ated means having circuit therefor, and switches
in said circuit in series connection and arranged
trap the elements in an orderly arrangement, a‘
registering device for each character, feeler pins
movable into and out of apertures of the elements
to be controlled by the elements in the trap.
in the trap respectively, an operator element for
the pins arranged to be moved back and forth be
tween limits and being operably connected with
the pins to effect their said movements at said
limits respectively, and means associated with the
operator and pins for successively establishing op
erable connections between the pins and the de 10%
vices of the characters represented by the aper
tures in which ;the pins are engaged to cause
operation of the devices when the operator is
10. The structure as de?ned in claim 8, includ
ing means associated with the operating means
for rendering same inoperative when the gate is
operated to close the outlet and open the entrance.
11. The structure as de?ned in claim 8, includ
ing means associated with the operating means
for rendering same inoperative when the gate is
operated to close the outlet and open the entrance,
wherein the operating means comprises electri
cally operated means having a circuit therefor,
15 and wherein the means for rendering the operat
ing means inoperative comprises a'switch in said
‘circuit arranged to be opened by the gate when
moved in one direction of its movement.
16. The structure as de?ned in claim 15, where: 15
in the trap means comprises means forming an.
enclosure with open ends providing an entrance‘
and an outlet, operated gate means arranged to
same is operated to close the outlet.
12. In a game apparatus, the combination of alternately open and close the entrance and out
means forming a’trap for elements to be tumbled" let respectively, and said operator being operably
then trapped and having an entrance opening
and an outlet opening, gate means arranged to.
alternately open and close the entrance and
outlet respectively, electrically operated operat
25 ing means for the gate means with a circuit there
for, switches in the circuit arranged to be closed
by the elements in the trap in causing the opera
tion of the gate to close the entrance and open
the outlet, another switch included in the circuit
30 in bridged relation to-the other switches arranged
to be closed by the gate upon closing of the en
trance for maintaining the operating means op
erable to cause the opening of the entrance and
closing of the outlet and whereby the said switch
35 is opened by the gate upon the opening of the
entrance to render the operating means inopera
tive.
13. In a game apparatus, the combination of a
plurality of character displaying elements formed
40 to be tumbled and having sides provided with
apertures differing in depth to be respectively rep
resentative of different characters, means to trap
the elements so as to position same in a given
order, and means arranged to cooperate with cer
tain apertures of the elements respectively for
registering the characters represenwtive thereof,
said last means including a reciprocable cross
head, a plurality of'feeler pins resiliently mounted
on the head and arranged to engage in. certain
the trap for operating the operator element.
18. The structure as de?ned in claim 15, where
in the trap means comprises means forming an
enclosure with open ends providing an entrance 30
and an outlet, operated gate means ‘arranged to
alternately open and close the entrance and out
let respectively, said operator being operably con
nected to the gate means to cause same to open
the outlet at one limit of its movement and to 35
cause same to close the outlet after a given time
of its movement from said limit, and operating
means for the operator element with control
means rendering same operable when the ele
ments are in the trap and to render same inopera 40
tive when the gate means is operated to close the
outlet.'
'
5*
'
719. In afgame apparatus, the combination of a
pluralityof score registering devices, means for
operating the devices from vstartingpositions, the 45
devices having releasable means to restore same to
starting positions, a coin slot head having a coin
slot forrreach device with means controlled by a
coin when advanced in a slot to render its=respec-'
apertures of the elements in the trap upon a
movement of the head whereby their limits of
movement are determined by the depth of the
tive device operable, unitary means for advanc 50
ing the coins in the slots, and means controlled
apertures.
the releasable means of the devices.
'
r
14. In a game apparatus, the combination of a
55 character displaying element formed to ' be
tumbled and having sides provided with apertures
differing in depth to be respectively representative
of different characters, means to trap the element,
'60
connected to the gate means to cause same to open‘
the outlet at one limit of its movement and to
cause same to close the outlet after a given time
of its movement from said limit.
17. The structure as de?ned in claim 15, includ 25
ing means rendered operable by the elements in
upon acoin being advanced in a slot for releasing
- .
20. In a game apparatus, the combination with
an element formed to be. tumbled having sides 55
provided with different character "indicating
means, of operated means inclusive of a playing
surface for intermittently causing the element to
aregistering device for each character, a feelerv tumble over the surface whereby it is caused. to
pin movable into and out of an aperture of the display a side at intervals, operating means for 60
element in the trap, an operator element for the the operated means, means for registering the
pin arranged to be moved back and forth and op
number of times a side is displayed including an
erably connected with the pin to effect its said
movements at the limits of movement of the oper
ator respectively, and means associated with the
operated registering device for each character, a
coin slot head'having a coin slot for each device,
and means cooperating with a coin in'a slot to 65
operator and pin for establishing an operable con- ' control the operation of its respective device and
nection between the pin and the ‘device of the
character represented by the aperture in which
the pin is engaged when the'operator is moved in
L70
one direction of its movement.
‘
>
15. In a game apparatus, the combination of a
plurality of character displaying elements adapted
to be tumbled and each having sides provided
with apertures differing in depth to be respectively
representative of different characters, means to
the operating means. ,
21. The ‘structure as de?ned in’claim 20, where
in the last means comprises means for cooperat
ing with acoin when advanced in a slot to render
its respective device and the operating means op
erable, and including cycle control means for the
‘operating means arranged to maintain the oper
ating means operable for a given number of said
intervals and being arranged to render the de 75
7
2,125,236
vices inoperative after a given number of inter
vals the element is caused to display a side.
22. In a game apparatus, in combination, a
tumblable element having sides provided With
different characters, a playing surface for tum
bling the element, means for con?ning the ele
ment against movement after having been tum
bled, a vertically movable feeler pin, means on
the sides of the element representative of the
10 characters on the respective opposite sides for
limiting the vertical movement of the feeler pin,
indicating means for the characters on the re
spective sides of the element, and connections
between the feeler pin and indicating means for
15 operating the latter in accordance with the ver
elements when con?ned for e?ecting operation
of the indicators in accordance with the relative
positions of the characters thereon, and means
for rendering the playing surface operating
means inoperative after the elements have been
tumbled a predetermined number of times.
26. In a game apparatus, the combination with
an element formed to be tumbledhaving sides
provided
with
different
character-indicating
means, of operated means inclusive of a playing 10
surface for intermittently causing the element to
tumble over the surface whereby it is caused to
display a side at intervals, operating means for
the operated means, means for registering the
number of times a side is displayed including an 15
operated registering device for each character,
tical position of the feeler pin.
23. In a game apparatus, in combination, a
plurality of tumblable elements having sides pro
vided with different characters, a rotatable play
20 ing surface for tumbling the elements, a trap- for
con?ning the elements after having been tum
bled, a plurality of vertically movable feeler pins,
means on the sides of the elements representa
tive of the characters on the respective opposite
25 sides for governing the vertical position of the
feeler pins when the elements are con?ned in the
trap, an indicator for each of the characters on
and selective means to control the operation of
the respective devices and the operating means.
27. In a game apparatus, the combination of
a plurality of elements each having sides provided 20
with different characters, a motor driven rotat
able playing surface for intermittently tumbling’
the elements, trap means for intermittently re
straining the elements, registers operatively asso1
ciated with the elements when restrained by the 25
trap means for indicating the number of times
each of the respective characters is displayed, a
cycle register for indicating the number of times
the elements have been restrained, a coin slot
the elements, electrically operated means includ
ing vertically spaced horizontally movable con—
30 tacts, and circuit closing means operable by the } head having a coin slot for each of the ?rst men 30
tioned registers, means for advancing a coin in
vertically movable feeler pins for effecting opera
tion of the indicators.
‘
24. In a game apparatus, a die provided with
an aperture in each of ?ve sides thereof, the aper
35 tures varying in depth in accordance with the
numbers appearing on the respective opposite
sides of the die.
25. In a game apparatus, a plurality of tum
blable elements having sides provided with dif
ferent characters, a rotatable playing surface for
tumbling the elements, means for rotating the
playing surface, means for periodically con?ning
the elements against tumbling by the rotatable
playing surface, an indicator for each of the char
45 acters on the elements, means operative by the
any one of the slots, means cooperating with a
coin when advanced within any one of the slots
for controlling the operation of the respective
registers, and means operable by the cycle regis 35
ter for breaking the circuit to the playing surface
driving motor when the elements have been re
strained a predetermined number of times.
28. The structure de?ned in claim 2'7, wherein
the coin advancing means includes means for re
40
setting all of the registers to starting position
and releasing the last played coin from its slot
upon another coin being advanced for a new play.
WILLIAM R. EDGEWOR'I’H.
45
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