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Патент USA US2125603

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Aug; 2, 1938.
Filed- May 16, 1936
Patented Aug. 2, 193e «
' 2,125,603
PADDING Foa PaEssxNG nEvrcEs
I Joseph It. Crockford, New York, N. Y.
Application May ,16, 193s, semi No. 30,039
Z ¿Claima
This invention relates to an improvement in
paddings for laundry pressers, ironers and other
similar devices, and has for its main object the
provision offa serviceable, eiiicient andV highly
‘ satisfactory padding of this character.
The required desirable characteristics of a
padding -of the kind referred to are, among
relates is shown at 5 in Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive, and
at 6 in Fig. 4. In the use shown in Figs. 1 to 3, `
it forms a central-layer, being lo‘cated between '
an outer textile fabric covering or ply 8 and an in
ner fabric layer 1, on the roll 9. The padding 5 5‘ ‘
is composed of an elastic, yieldable -cellular ma-y
terial provided with a fibrous, absorbent constitu
others, long- life, porosity, moisture absorption. ent. I prefer to make said layer of a mixture
and resiliency without distortion or flow. Efforts' of sponge rubber‘orv other cellular types of rubber
and long wool fibres. lIn such mixturethe rub- 1o
1o have been made in the past to secure these de
ber predominates, there being approximately 65%
sirable characteristics by the selection of numer
ous available materialsand substances such as rubber in the mix and 35%` ñbre. It will of course
be understood that these quantities are merely ap
' various 'textile fabrics, cork, rubber of diiferent proximate and may be varied considerably with
kinds and degrees of softness,> and the like, and out destroying the eñiciency of the padding. It l5
15 for numerous reasons a fully satisfactory, last
will also be' understood that the fibres employed
ing padding has‘not been produced.
need not necessarily be wool fibres as various other
Of the various materials heretofore utilized as '
a padding for laundry pressers, ironers and other fibrous materials, and particularly those. of ab
like devices, sponge rubber has been tried with a sorbent characteristics can undoubtedly be used
20 small degree of success. Sponge rubber when in the mixture to procure results entirely satis- 2o
used alone, Iwhile possessing certain desirable factory.
The layer of padding thus produced is provided
characteristics whichwould appear to have value. with
the conventional surfacing or skin l0 which
as far as a padding of _this kind is concerned,
adds strength and stability to the mixture. The
. nevertheless possesses certain objectionable char
25 .acteristics in its makeup, which predominate and fibrous material incorporated in the padding 25`
penetrates through this skin or surfacing so that
render sponge rubber padding quite .unsatisfac
tory, causing the trade to seek a material of great- „ absorbency is present at the very surface of the
padding, such _absorbency thereat being afforded
er durability, greater efficiency and of more last
ing satisfaction. Sponge rubber’when used alone
by the highly absorbent ñbrous material penetrat- .
ing through the skin and extending throughout 30
the body of the padding. By the maintenance. of
the skin surfacing on the rpadding, the structural
ing of sponge rubber must be removed thus great
ly reducing the structural strength of the rubber~ strength thereof is obtained and there is less tend
for the padding »to break down, or diminish
mass and causing the leventual and inevitable ency
thickness and cause ineffective pressing.> By 35
35 breaking down of the cell structure, resulting in in
lightly abrading both faces of the padding, the
the compaction of the padding and causing a re
amount of iibres exposed at these surfaces can
duction in thicknessthereof, and thereby requir
ing an adjustment of pressure -of the pressing be materially increased without removing any
rollers' or a re-building up of the padding. Also, appreciable amount of the skiny or surfacing-_
30 is relatively non-absorbent; to possess any ma
terial degree of absorbency the “skin” or surfac
40 sponge rubber when not reinforced by its 'con
ventional “skin’ï orvsurfacil’lg, exhibits a tend
ency to distortionally shift or “ñow”, thus caus
ing rough drying or “crows feet” in the ironed
article, and lparticularly in anA area surrounding
45 a button or other'projection on the garment or
other article.
In the accompanying drawing, Fig. 1 is a sec'
I tional view of a multi-roll iiat work ironer show
ing the rolls thereof covered with the improved
` 50 padding; Fig. 2 is an enlarged end elevation, part
„ ly in section of one of the rolls of Fig. 1; Fig. 3
is an enlarged view of a'section of the padding;
‘ and Fig. 4 is4 'a perspective» view of the head and
buck of a press.
The improved padding to which the invention
Where increased absorbency is required, abrad- 40 ~
ing' in the manner described is recommended.
The mixture produced, namely of sponge rub
ber and a _fibrous material, produces a padding I
possessing'a high degree of yieldability or resili- l
ency and at the same time _one whose body does 45
' not‘distortionally shift or >flow during the press
ing operation, and particularly when projections
such-as buttons' on a garment or the like pass
between the pressing surfaces. This results in
a very effective pressing or ironing action, par- 50
ticularly in the area of the article being ironedsurrounding the button or projection thereon.
The use of4 wool ñbres as part of the mixture
in the padding produces a highly satisfactory
degree of absorbency, the moisture thereby ab- V55 '
sor'bed being easily dissipated by the heat, so that
more layers 8 of the padding material made as
the retention oi' excess moisture in the padding
`does not occur. Starch in the articles being
pressed or ironed will not adhere to wool ñbres
and. this characteristic renders such fibres very
satisfactory for the purpose herein described.
ably covered by textile covering or strip I4. The
movable heated head I5 is pressed on to the gar
pressing operation. The padding described may
be used in various other pressing devices with
with sponge rubber shall be long wool fibres, it
out departing from the spirit oi‘.'> this invention.
10 will be obvious that I do not limit myseli! to this
What I claim is:
l. A -padding for pressing and ironing devices
since the ilbrous material therein incorporated- comprising a sheet of sponge rubber in which is
might well be animal nbre, vegetable. mineral or incorporated a quantity of wool ñbres, said sheet
synthetic iibres, having the desired resiliency and having its faces formed with the conventional
absorbent characteristics.
"skin” or surfacing, the wool ñbres penetrating
The padding thus described may be used for said “skin". f
various ironing and pressing devices. In Fig. 1
2. A padding for `pressing and ironing devices
the padding extends around the body o! the rolls, comprising a sheet composed of sponge rubber
l between the textile i'abric layers 1 and I, as with ?bres mixed therewith and extending in all
clearly disclosed. The rolls are mounted above directions throughout the body of the sheet, said 20
the steam chests 4Il in the conventional manner sheet having abraded surfaces to expose the ñbres
and the peripheries oiffthe rolls bear against the at said’surtaces without materially removing an
appreciable quantity of the "skin” or surfacing
concave surfaces I2 of said chests with consid
erable pressure. In the press shown lin Fig. 4, on the sheet.
the'buck I3 forms the supporting body ot the
device and the upper face thereof receives one or
precise mixture of sponge rubber and wool nbre.
ments or other articles to be pressed, the same
being placed upon the padded buck during the
ilbrous material which I'propose incorporating
While I’have speciñcally stated herein that the
herein speciiled, the upper layer being prefer
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