Патент USA US2125651код для вставки
Aug. 2, 1938. 5 ROSEN 7 2,125,651 BOTTLE BREAKER .Filed Jan. 29,1956 8A MUEZL RO8EN Patented Aug. 2, 1938 . 2,125,651‘ J PATENT QFFIJC-E ‘211251551 ' BOTTLE BREAKER, Samuel Rosen, Utica, ‘ iApplication January 29, 1936,. serial No. 61,345 ‘ resist; (area-9s) ‘ ‘@My‘invention relates to a bottle breaker and Vertically sliding cover 20 has its upper end I declare the following to be a full, clear, concise bent at right angles as at 2 I ‘to form a ledge that and exact description thereof sufficient to enable rests against the‘upper surface of top'plate'22 anyone skilled in- the art to which it appertains of‘the cabinet casing“ when in‘ closed position. ‘ 5 to make and use the same, reference beinghad The ‘lower edge 23 of vertically sliding cover v2Il 5 to the accompanying drawing in' which like ref extends considerably ~ below the lower edge of erence characters refer to like parts throughout casting i when in closed position as shown more the speci?cation. _ i 1 > particularly in Fig.2. It has also open slots 25, 25 “The object of the invention is to provide aide to straddle cross ‘beam's 2, 2 when in closed posi 10 vice for breaking bottles especially liquor bottles that‘are to be- destroyed to prevent re-?lling them with some inferior liquor. p ‘ ‘ tion.‘1 barrel,‘-‘whereby the broken glass will1 ‘fall therein. the bottle'before the hammer strikes thereon, mentioned. ' ‘ ' ~’ 7 v “ ‘ I ? by screw bolts ‘21, 2? or by welding or any other oflmetal and‘rectangular in shape with the lower " edgelircundedyatlll. Moreover, breaker 6 is at ta'ch‘edi'torcover‘ 2Y0 su?iciently‘above‘the lower 25 veiigeittj of the said cover 26, whereby said lower p ‘ 10 f suitable manner, Breaker 6 is made preferably 25 .FigQB-is‘adetaiI view showinga perspective -of airbase casting-employed!‘ - ' Cover ZIP has permanently attached thereto‘ and extendinginwardly therefrom bottle breaker 6 heretofore’mentioned. It is‘ attached to cover 28 v20 Y ‘ The object of the invention Will bemore fully 20 understood by the drawing in which, “ Fig, 1 is a ‘perspective View of the device. Fig. 2 is a central vertical‘ ‘section taken on the I line 2-2 of Fig‘. ‘1 and‘ showing dev ice ‘applied-to theitop "ofian‘iempty ‘barrel.v I jacent sides it I, I I of-theicasing. There is no bot whereby“ to prevent ‘flying glass from- injuring > r tom it'o-lth'e» cabinet, whereby to allow ‘the broken 15 bottled-late fall'ibelow'into a barrel ‘hereinafter 15' ‘ Furthermore, the’ device is designed to enclose those standing‘ nearby. i' above mentioned which has its latter ends bent], at‘right angles and riveted at 26, 26 to the ad > The device can be~applied to the top of any ‘ =3 1 i'I‘l'ie‘itopcasinglil is formed by metal sheeting ' “Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on a‘ line‘J-é ' . edge 23 will be below the upper surface [of casting I before breaker 6 hits bottle 4; This is intended of lzaFigl Fig. 5l.is a detail enlarged V view _ showinga‘per to. c‘o‘mpletelyiinclose bottle ll-before itjis struck 30 spective of a modi?ed form of ‘ahammer' em; ployed.‘ .: ' ‘ . '. w I . Fig: 6 is a‘ detailuviewshowing a fragment of vent pieces of glass from ?ying and striking any a channel bar Whichmaybe employed as a guide Wayfor the hamr‘ner.v 35 person standing nearby. V Referring more particularly to the drawing the ‘ device embodies a rectangular base casting I made ‘of any suitable metal and having cross beams 2, 2 formed integral therewith. Beams 2, 2 are concaved at 3, 3 to conform to the cylin 40 drical surface of a bottle 4,'whereby the said bot I tle ll when disposed thereon will remain sta tionary. A stop member 5 for limiting the down ward stroke of hammer 6 hereinaftermentioned is formed also integral with casting I. 45 ‘ _ An upstanding casing forming a cabinet is sup ported by base casting I. It is made of a piece ‘ 3 of sheet metal Ill which is bent to form sides II,’ II and back 12 of the casing. .The front portion being left open at I5 to form a feed opening. 50 The free ends of sheeting III are=bent at right angles as at I6, I6 to form lateral surfaces-in the front portion of the casing.‘ Furthermore, the bent portions I6, I6 form a guideway for vertically sliding cover 20.. Back wall I2 is cut away to 55 clear stop member 5. » by‘br-eaker 6, ‘whereby to con?ne ‘the brokenglass 30 to the chamber within ‘casing I0, and thereby pre‘~‘ ' ‘ " “ ' _~~ > a ’ syfI‘hedrear end33? of. breaker? slides within- an open vertical guideway 3| formed by bars 32, 32 35 attached to the rear surface I2 of casing Ill and disposed su?iciently apart to allow for the free passage of end 35 of breaker 6. Means for elevating cover 25 and simultaneous 1y therewith breaker 6 embodies a cord or cable 40 35 which is attached at its end 36 to eye bolt 31 screw mounted to breaker 6 or fastened in any other suitable manner. Cable 35 passes directly upward over pulley 40 carried in hanger III 'at-‘ ' tached in aYpermanent manner to the underside 45 of top plate 22 of the casing. I0. From pulley 40 cable 35 passes in ‘a horizontal planeand parallel ‘ with. the undersurface of top‘plate 22 through an aperture t2 formed in one of the sides II of casing IEI. A sleeve 43 is mounted to side I I to facilitate 50 the‘passage'of cable 35 through the aperture 42. Cable 35 thence passes over pulley‘ 45 attached by a bolt 46 to'side II of the casing I0. Ahandle 41 is mounted to the free end of cable 35. By pulling on handle 41 cover 20 and bottle breaker B will 55 2 . 2,125,651 _ be raised to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 1. A stop member 50 is attached by welding or otherwise to back plate |2 of casing I0 and is disposed between guide bars 32, 32 to limit the upward movement of bottle breaker 6 attached to _ cover 20. Casting | is permanently attached to a cover portion 5| by bolts 52 or in any other suitable manner. Cover 5| is made in three parts, the two outer parts 53, 53 are attached to the central part 54 by hinges .55, 55 in each instance. This formed by bars 32, 32. This construction is in tended to reduce lateral vibration to a minimum degree. In place of guide bars 32, 32 an ordinary piece of channel iron ‘H can be employed. In this instance the channel iron ll will be riveted or otherwise secured to the rear wall [2 of casing in. Having thus described my invention what I claim asnew and desire to secure by Letters 10 allows for swinging upward, parts 53, 53 whereby Patent is as follows: 1. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open to view the interior of the barrel 56. Cover 5| has attached to its lower surface two parallelly ing at one side for the introduction of a bottle, ‘a bottom opening for the discharge of the broken disposed cleats 6|, 6| which aid in holding cover ' bottle, members for supporting said bottle within said casing, a vertically sliding cover for closure 5| in correct position on the top of barrel 56. A handle 62 is permanently attached by rivets of said ?rst named opening, a gravity actuated or otherwise to the top casing 22, whereby'to aid breaker fastened to said cover and spaced above in making the device portable. the lower edge thereof, whereby said cover will The operation of the device is e?ected‘ by dis; close said opening before said breaker strikes 20 20 posing the same with cover 5| upon the top of a said bottle and guideways formed in said cas barrel 56. When an occasion arises for break ing to direct the movement of said breaker. 2. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed ing a bottle 4 the operator‘grasps handle 41 or cable 35 and pulls downward, wherebyto ele opening at one side for the introduction of a 235 vate cover '20 and,bottle breaker 6 connected bottle, a bottom opening for the discharge of 25 thereto su?iciently far to allow for dropping the broken bottle, bars for holding said bottle bottle 4 upon cross beams 2, 2 of base casting. | where it will come to rest in concave surfaces over said opening, a vertically sliding cover for closure of said ?rst named opening and a 3,_ 3. He then releases handle 4Iwhereupon gravity actuated breaker element ?xed to said cover and spaced above the lower edge thereof, 30 whereby said cover will closevsaid opening be fore said breaker strikes and breaks said bottle. cover 20 from its own weight increased bythe 5% added weightof bottle breaker 6 will fall into closed position. Before the lower surface, of bottle breaker 6 has struck bottle 4 the lower edge 23 .of cover 20 will have reached a position below the upper surface of casting l, whereby to completely close therbottle in the chamber within casing In to prevent glass ?ying and striking persons standing nearby. . The action may be repeated in‘ a similar man ": ner as often as it is necessary to break a bottle. it 3. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open ing at one side for the introduction of a bottle, a bottom opening for the discharge of the broken 35 bottle, members for supporting said bottle within said casing, a vertically. sliding cover for closure of said ?rst named opening and gravity actuated breaker element ?xed ‘to said cover, and spaced above the lower edge of_ said cover, whereby said 40 cover will close with ‘said opening before said The user simply gives a pull on handle 41 each time to raise cover 20 and bottle breaker 6 and breaker strikes and breaks said bottle. then after dropping bottle 4 in position upon cross beams 2, 2 releases handle 41 whereupon 4. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open ing at one side for thewintroduction of a bottle, a the cover 20 and breaker 6 fall, the one to close the front of casing l0 and. the other to break bottle 4. I . .~ The broken pieces of bottle‘4‘ fall down through theopen spaces. 65, ‘65, 65 which forms a bottom ' opening for'the discharge of the broken bottle into the empty barrel 56. Fig. 5_ shows a modi?cation of a hammer here denoted as 10. Hammer 10 has a reduced por tion at ‘H which ?ts and slides inthe guideway arbottom opening for the discharge of the broken 45 bottle, members for supporting said bottle within ' said casing, a verticallylsliding cover for closure of said ?rst named opening, a gravity actuated breaker element spaced above the lower edge of said cover and a cord for elevating said breaker 50 and said cover, whereby upon the descent of the breaker and the cover the feed opening is closed and the bottle is then broken. SAMUEL ROSEN.