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Патент USA US2125651

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Aug. 2, 1938.
.Filed Jan. 29,1956
Patented Aug. 2, 1938
Samuel Rosen, Utica,
iApplication January 29, 1936,. serial No. 61,345
resist; (area-9s)
‘@My‘invention relates to a bottle breaker and
Vertically sliding cover 20 has its upper end
I declare the following to be a full, clear, concise bent at right angles as at 2 I ‘to form a ledge that
and exact description thereof sufficient to enable rests against the‘upper surface of top'plate'22
anyone skilled in- the art to which it appertains of‘the cabinet casing“ when in‘ closed position.
‘ 5 to make and use the same, reference beinghad
The ‘lower edge 23 of vertically sliding cover v2Il 5
to the accompanying drawing in' which like ref
extends considerably ~ below the lower edge of
erence characters refer to like parts throughout casting i when in closed position as shown more
the speci?cation.
i 1
particularly in Fig.2. It has also open slots 25, 25
“The object of the invention is to provide aide
to straddle cross ‘beam's 2, 2 when in closed posi
10 vice for breaking bottles especially liquor bottles
that‘are to be- destroyed to prevent re-?lling
them with some inferior liquor.
‘ ‘
barrel,‘-‘whereby the broken glass will1 ‘fall therein.
the bottle'before the hammer strikes thereon,
' ‘
by screw bolts ‘21, 2? or by welding or any other
oflmetal and‘rectangular in shape with the lower "
edgelircundedyatlll. Moreover, breaker 6 is at
ta'ch‘edi'torcover‘ 2Y0 su?iciently‘above‘the lower 25
veiigeittj of the said cover 26, whereby said lower
suitable manner, Breaker 6 is made preferably
25 .FigQB-is‘adetaiI view showinga perspective -of
airbase casting-employed!‘
- '
Cover ZIP has permanently attached thereto‘ and
extendinginwardly therefrom bottle breaker 6
heretofore’mentioned. It is‘ attached to cover 28 v20
‘ The object of the invention Will bemore fully
20 understood by the drawing in which,
Fig, 1 is a ‘perspective View of the device.
Fig. 2 is a central vertical‘ ‘section taken on the
I line 2-2 of Fig‘. ‘1 and‘ showing dev ice ‘applied-to
theitop "ofian‘iempty ‘barrel.v
jacent sides it I, I I of-theicasing. There is no bot
whereby“ to prevent ‘flying glass from- injuring
tom it'o-lth'e» cabinet, whereby to allow ‘the broken 15
bottled-late fall'ibelow'into a barrel ‘hereinafter
15' ‘ Furthermore, the’ device is designed to enclose
those standing‘ nearby.
above mentioned which has its latter ends bent],
at‘right angles and riveted at 26, 26 to the ad
The device can be~applied to the top of any
1 i'I‘l'ie‘itopcasinglil is formed by metal sheeting
“Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on a‘ line‘J-é ' . edge 23 will be below the upper surface [of casting
I before breaker 6 hits bottle 4; This is intended
Fig. a detail enlarged
V view _ showinga‘per
to. c‘o‘mpletelyiinclose bottle ll-before itjis struck
30 spective of a modi?ed form of ‘ahammer' em;
Fig: 6 is a‘ detailuviewshowing a fragment of
vent pieces of glass from ?ying and striking any
a channel bar Whichmaybe employed as a guide
Wayfor the hamr‘ner.v
person standing nearby.
Referring more particularly to the drawing the
‘ device embodies a rectangular base casting
made ‘of any suitable metal and having cross
beams 2, 2 formed integral therewith. Beams 2,
2 are concaved at 3, 3 to conform to the cylin
40 drical surface of a bottle 4,'whereby the said bot
tle ll when disposed thereon will remain sta
tionary. A stop member 5 for limiting the down
ward stroke of hammer 6 hereinaftermentioned
is formed also integral with casting I.
An upstanding casing forming a cabinet is sup
ported by base casting I. It is made of a piece
‘ 3 of sheet metal Ill which is bent to form sides II,’
II and back 12 of the casing. .The front portion
being left open at I5 to form a feed opening.
50 The free ends of sheeting III are=bent at right
angles as at I6, I6 to form lateral surfaces-in the
front portion of the casing.‘ Furthermore, the
bent portions I6, I6 form a guideway for vertically
sliding cover 20.. Back wall I2 is cut away to
55 clear stop member 5.
by‘br-eaker 6, ‘whereby to con?ne ‘the brokenglass 30
to the chamber within ‘casing I0, and thereby pre‘~‘ ' ‘
“ '
a ’
syfI‘hedrear end33? of. breaker? slides within- an
open vertical guideway 3| formed by bars 32, 32 35
attached to the rear surface I2 of casing Ill and
disposed su?iciently apart to allow for the free
passage of end 35 of breaker 6.
Means for elevating cover 25 and simultaneous
1y therewith breaker 6 embodies a cord or cable 40
35 which is attached at its end 36 to eye bolt 31
screw mounted to breaker 6 or fastened in any
other suitable manner. Cable 35 passes directly
upward over pulley 40 carried in hanger III 'at-‘
' tached in aYpermanent manner to the underside 45
of top plate 22 of the casing. I0. From pulley 40
cable 35 passes in ‘a horizontal planeand parallel ‘
with. the undersurface of top‘plate 22 through an
aperture t2 formed in one of the sides II of casing
IEI. A sleeve 43 is mounted to side I I to facilitate 50
the‘passage'of cable 35 through the aperture 42.
Cable 35 thence passes over pulley‘ 45 attached by
a bolt 46 to'side II of the casing I0. Ahandle 41
is mounted to the free end of cable 35. By pulling
on handle 41 cover 20 and bottle breaker B will 55
2,125,651 _
be raised to the dotted line position shown in
Fig. 1. A stop member 50 is attached by welding
or otherwise to back plate |2 of casing I0 and is
disposed between guide bars 32, 32 to limit the
upward movement of bottle breaker 6 attached to
_ cover 20.
Casting | is permanently attached to a cover
portion 5| by bolts 52 or in any other suitable
manner. Cover 5| is made in three parts, the
two outer parts 53, 53 are attached to the central
part 54 by hinges .55, 55 in each instance. This
formed by bars 32, 32. This construction is in
tended to reduce lateral vibration to a minimum
In place of guide bars 32, 32 an ordinary piece
of channel iron ‘H can be employed. In this
instance the channel iron ll will be riveted or
otherwise secured to the rear wall [2 of casing
Having thus described my invention what I
claim asnew and desire to secure by Letters 10
allows for swinging upward, parts 53, 53 whereby
Patent is as follows:
1. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open
to view the interior of the barrel 56. Cover 5|
has attached to its lower surface two parallelly
ing at one side for the introduction of a bottle,
‘a bottom opening for the discharge of the broken
disposed cleats 6|, 6| which aid in holding cover ' bottle, members for supporting said bottle within
said casing, a vertically sliding cover for closure
5| in correct position on the top of barrel 56.
A handle 62 is permanently attached by rivets of said ?rst named opening, a gravity actuated
or otherwise to the top casing 22, whereby'to aid breaker fastened to said cover and spaced above
in making the device portable.
the lower edge thereof, whereby said cover will
The operation of the device is e?ected‘ by dis; close said opening before said breaker strikes 20
posing the same with cover 5| upon the top of a said bottle and guideways formed in said cas
barrel 56. When an occasion arises for break
ing to direct the movement of said breaker.
2. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed
ing a bottle 4 the operator‘grasps handle 41 or
cable 35 and pulls downward, wherebyto ele
opening at one side for the introduction of a
235 vate cover '20 and,bottle breaker 6 connected bottle, a bottom opening for the discharge of 25
thereto su?iciently far to allow for dropping the broken bottle, bars for holding said bottle
bottle 4 upon cross beams 2, 2 of base casting. |
where it will come to rest in concave surfaces
over said opening, a vertically sliding cover for
closure of said ?rst named opening and a
3,_ 3. He then releases handle 4Iwhereupon
gravity actuated breaker element ?xed to said
cover and spaced above the lower edge thereof, 30
whereby said cover will closevsaid opening be
fore said breaker strikes and breaks said bottle.
cover 20 from its own weight increased bythe
added weightof bottle breaker 6 will fall into
closed position. Before the lower surface, of
bottle breaker 6 has struck bottle 4 the lower
edge 23 .of cover 20 will have reached a position
below the upper surface of casting l, whereby to
completely close therbottle in the chamber within casing In to prevent glass ?ying and striking
persons standing nearby.
The action may be repeated in‘ a similar man
": ner as often as it is necessary to break a bottle.
3. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open
ing at one side for the introduction of a bottle, a
bottom opening for the discharge of the broken 35
bottle, members for supporting said bottle within
said casing, a vertically. sliding cover for closure
of said ?rst named opening and gravity actuated
breaker element ?xed ‘to said cover, and spaced
above the lower edge of_ said cover, whereby said 40
cover will close with ‘said opening before said
The user simply gives a pull on handle 41 each
time to raise cover 20 and bottle breaker 6 and
breaker strikes and breaks said bottle.
then after dropping bottle 4 in position upon
cross beams 2, 2 releases handle 41 whereupon
4. In a bottle breaker, a casing with feed open
ing at one side for thewintroduction of a bottle,
a the cover 20 and breaker 6 fall, the one to close
the front of casing l0 and. the other to break
The broken pieces of bottle‘4‘ fall down through
theopen spaces. 65, ‘65, 65 which forms a bottom
' opening for'the discharge of the broken bottle
into the empty barrel 56.
Fig. 5_ shows a modi?cation of a hammer here
denoted as 10.
Hammer 10 has a reduced por
tion at ‘H which ?ts and slides inthe guideway
arbottom opening for the discharge of the broken 45
bottle, members for supporting said bottle within
' said casing, a verticallylsliding cover for closure
of said ?rst named opening, a gravity actuated
breaker element spaced above the lower edge of
said cover and a cord for elevating said breaker 50
and said cover, whereby upon the descent of the
breaker and the cover the feed opening is closed
and the bottle is then broken.
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