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Патент USA US2125677

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Filed Aug. 5, 1957
Patented Aug. 2, 1938
t „2,125,677
¿PATENT f op rice
.Y George
Kuchenmeiïsteir, Hastings ` on
_. ` Hudson, N. Y.;
’ff 'Apillieatiqnnugust5, issmlserial m2151607"
~ F51 claim. (c1. 2855-1655,.
*The purpose of >thisY invention is -tcgifirovide a
beverage cooler, particularly adapted ‘for >beer
and other beverages, Where it is desired to» pre
vent contact of the beverage with metal, in which
’the'beverage may be contained in wood through
loutthe'device, and in which means is provided
for Vjoining the wood `sections by clamp-ing the
end of one section Vagainst `that of another, pro
viding a sealed joint. _
' With' these'e'nds in‘ viewv the invention em
bodies a ñttinghaving a housing with bushings
-threaded into the ends thereof, and `spring rings
adapted to be lforced into grooves in the sur
face of the pipe during assembling, and which 5
spring outward into recesses'in the bushing and
`pipe providing holding meansV between the two
parts, sovthat the pipe may be drawn inward as
‘the’ bushing is screwed inward. The bushing
may be provided with openings where the two 10
ends of thepipe meet, a compound may be pro
vided between the two ends of the p-ipe, and
f’The invention is aI coil and fitting, in which
the coil is 4formed of, wood pipe with a charred
innersurface, and the fitting is adapted to nt
loosely over the pipewith means therein for
‘gripping and forcing the ends of pipes held there
together with al wedge action, and’ in which
`the internal surface ofthe pipe maybe charred
4or treated to'form a coating thereover.
Other features and advantages of the invention 1 15
an absolute seal is obtained.
will appear from the following description taken
ì. , '
Many attempts have been‘made toprovide a
cool'enï'particularly `for beer, in which all con
in connectionjwiththe drawing, wherein:
‘t‘alct‘ thereof ¿with metal is` eliminated, and many
‘devices have been-provided with'linings of vari
cooler, however, itwill be understood that the
cooler may beef any type or design, andthe pipe F20
ous"‘ïsuljstanc`es Lto!` protect the beer from vthe
-may be arrange-din it in `any manner.`
"Figure 1V is a View illustrating a pipe coil in a
meta15,'§howevër`, it‘hasfbeen Yfound substantially "L-ï ¿Figure 2 ‘is >a cross» section through a right
impossible >iwith'»any:‘fiii'.tir`>1;,=,f-, housing or coupling
‘angl‘ejointi between two‘sections of pipe.
used heretoforetoy join the ends of wood pipe
inisuch :Val‘manifier> thai'ffluid> may be flowed con
the' joint‘shown in Figure'2.
'FiguretS‘is a side elevation of the housing of
`tinuously therethrough without engaging metal
‘ ",Fi‘gure 4 is a cross section through abushing
atjga'nyr point,`and without leakage; and it is an
'at the end ofithe housing, showing a spring ring
>establishedïfact ¿that the taste of beer, or, in
used as the clamping ‘member used between the
factgany"beverage'that is contained in wood, is
et far superior to'thatf‘of a’beverage contained in
metal or any other material.r
The“ object 'of this- invention is, therefore, to
provide a device by which the ends of two sec
tions of wood pipe may be joined together, and
securely clamped with one against the other, so
that the possibility of any leakage between the
two is eliminated.
Another object is to provide a joint for the
ends of wood pipe, in which all pockets around
40 the joint are eliminated, and in which the joint
is open providing inspection, and also providing
an escape for any fluid that may‘leak there-
A further object is to provide means for join
45 ing the ends of two sections of wood pipe to
gether, in which the said ends are forced against
each other, and in which any wear therebetween
may readily be taken up at any time.
And a still further object is to provide means
for joining sections of wood or other pipe to
gether Without threads in the outer surface of
the pipe, and which may readily be applied to
substantially any pipe which clamps the ends
together, and which is of a relatively simple and
55 economical construction.
bushingV and pipe.
Figure 5 is a view showing an end elevation
>of, the >fitting shown in Figure 2.,
^ ‘ Figure 6 is a view showing 'a ñtting adapted to
hold two straight lengths of pipe together, with
part broken away showing a section therethrough.
In the drawing the device is shown as it may
be made, wherein numeral I indicates the hous
ing of an angular ñtting, numeral 2 the housing
of a straight ñtting, numeral 3, a bushing that
may be used in either type of housing, and nu
meral 4, a spring ring that may also be used in 40
a fitting of any type.
The housing l is made as shown in Figures 2, 3,
and 5, with internally threaded bosses 5 and 6,
and a central portion referred to by the numeral
l, and the central portion l is provided with an 45
opening ‘l at the corner, and additional openings
8 at the intersection of the two parts, thereby
making it possible to inspect the joint between
the two sections 9 and I0 of the wood pipe, both
of which are formed with a beveled surface at an 50
angle of. 45°, and these two surfaces engage on
a line l I, and any suitable cement or compound
may be used between the two surfaces if desired.
The bushings 3 are threaded into the bosses 5
and 6 as shown, and the inner surfaces of the 55
bushings are provided with a circular recess I2,
in which the spring ring 4 snaps after the bush
ings are in place. The pipe is provided with a
may be provided as shown and described, and any
length of sections of pipe desired may be secured
together either by the straight or angular ñttings,
recess I3 into which the spring ring 4 may be
and these may be assembled to form a coil, or
compressed as the bushing 3 is placed over the
cooler, or straight lengths of pipe, and they may
pipe, and, after the bushing is in place, the ring 4
be enclosed in tanks or used in the open as may
be desired.
springs outward into the recess I2, and then, as
the bushing is screwed inward, the base I4 of the
recess I2 will engage the spring ring 4, forcing
10 the ring into the part I5k of the recess in the
pipe which is of a relatively larger diameter, and
which is adapted to hold the ring with the outer
part thereof extending beyond the surface of. the
Providing this particular type of litting makes
it possible to join lengths of pipe together with
as many joints as may be necessary, so that it is 10
possible to assemble a relatively small wood pipe
coil which may be enclosed in a casing or tank as
shown in Figure l, and packed with ice or any
pipe, and adapted to be engaged by the part I4, refrigerant, so that it is possible, particularly for
and, as the bushing is screwed inward, the part beer and similar beverages, to eliminate all con 15
I4, engaging the ring 4, forces the pipe inward, 4 tact thereof with metal, and provide a continuous
thereby clamping the ends of the two sections of wood system, with the beverage contained therein
pipe together, and should any wear occur, or in contact with the wood only throughout the
should there be any leakage between the two ends entire system.
of the pipe, the bushings may be screwed further
Having thus fully described the invention, what 20
inward to force or jam the ends Yof the pipe to
I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters
gether. With the joint formed in this manner Patent, is:
it is possible to couple the ends of wood pipe
In a cooler for fluids and the like of the type
together Without a gasket or any sealing means,
having a coil of wood pipe lengths, fittings con
however, glue or any compound desired may be necting the ends of ‘the said pipe lengths com 25
used to insure a sealed joint.
prising a coupling member having internally
The fitting shown in Figure 6 is similar to that threaded ends, and with the inside diameter
shown in Figure 2 except that the two ends are thereof slightly larger than, and spaced from,
in a straight line, and this is formed with bosses the outer surfaces of said pipe lengths, said
I6 and I'I joined by an intermediate section I8
member also having relatively large side open 30
having openings I9 >therein providing means for ings exposing to view abutting ends of, pipe
inspecting the joint between the two pieces oi lengths held therein, bushings with internal re
pipe, and the bushings, spring rings, and recesses cesses threaded into the ends of said coupling
are the same in this design as those shown in
member, said pipe lengths having external re
Figure 2.
cesses positioned to correspond with the internal 35
It will be appreciated that a housing of any recesses of the bushings, the recesses of said pipe
other type or design may be provided for different lengths having two diameters, with the larger
joints, such as a 45° angle or elbow, and any
diameter positioned toward the end of the pipe,
type of iitting such as a T or Y may be used.
and expanding spring rings in the recesses in the
It will be understood that other changes may be pipe lengths adapted to be crowded into the re 40
made in the construction without departing from cesses to permit the passage of the threaded bush
the spirit of the invention. One of which >changes ings thereover, and adapted to expand into the
may be in the use of a pipe of any other material
recesses of the bushings, and forced into the por
instead of wood as shown and described, another tions of the recesses of the pipe lengths having
may be in the use of other means for securing
the bushings in the ends of the housing, as, al
though screw ñttings are indicated, the same de
vice may be applied to Ilange fittings, and still
another may be in the use of this fitting for any
other purpose.
The construction will be readily understood
from the foregoing description. In use the device
the larger diameter, providing positive holding 45
means between the pipe lengths and bushings,
said device characterized in that the pipe is sepa
rated from and suspended in the ñttings, and the
abutting ends of the pipe lengths forced together
by the ñttings forming sealed joints.
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