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Патент USA US2125705

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Aug- 2, 1938- ‘
c. B. wobpwon'ri-l
2,125,705
TIRE CHAIN
‘ Filed Jan. 24, 1935
- I 2 Sheets-Shea. 1
mvENroR
ell/181E.’ 13. hivbmrll,
‘Aug. 2, 1938.“
-
C.\B. wboDwoRTz-i
‘
2,125,705
TIRE 'cmun
Filed’? Jan. ‘24, 1955
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
C’mnz: B. WDMKITI
‘BY
"
ATTORNEY.
'
Patented Aug.v 2, 1938
'
‘2,125,705
(Charles E. Woodworth, Wort hichiineon, it’. 3?.
Application Jlanuary 2d, rest, denial No. 33%
i @lnim.
My invention relates to tire chains and has for
its primary object the provision of an anti-skid
or traction device for vehicles which may be ap~
_plied to a wheel without moving the wheel either
by jacking it up away from its support or by roll
ing the wheel on to the device as is customary and
required by the type of tire chain commonly in
use.
-
My improved chain can be placed upon a wheel
while the same is stationary onthe ground or
other support and without the necessity of reach
ing over or behind the wheel in order to secure
the same in position.
A further object of my invention lies in the pro~
id vision of a fastening means for the connecting
ends‘ of the chain which permits ready ‘adjust
ment and eliminates to a great extent the noise
and rattle of the chain when ‘the vehicle is mov
ing.
_
A further object lies in the provision of a cross
chain ‘ for engagement with the tread oi the
wheel and with the ground or‘ other supporting
surface which combines both improved traction
means and long life or wear as compared with
Other objects and advantages will be apparent
as the description proceeds, reference now being
had to the ?gures of the accompanying drawings
forming a‘ part of this application and wherein
like reference numerals indicate like parts.
In the drawings:
'
-
Figure 1 is a view of my improved tire chain
spread out in ?at arrangement to illustrate
7
Figure 2 is a side view of a vehicle wheel and
tire with my improved chain shown in the ?rst
position of application thereto.
,Figu‘rev3 is a detail view of my improved cross
chain.
'
‘
elements‘ of the \cross chain, taken on the line
_ d-t of Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a side view of a tired wheel with the
- chain partly applied thereto, the tire being broken
away at one point for clearness of illustration.
Figure 6 is a side view of a tired wheel with the
chain completely assembledv thereon.
1 Figure 7 is a detail enlarged view illustrating
clearly the fastening means for the end portions
,
'
'
For the purpose of de?nition and clearness,
reference will hereafter be made to the “outside”
‘ ‘and “inside” of the wheeland to the “outside”
55
around the wheel on the outside thereof.
The
“inside” and “outside” portions of the chain are
connected by cross chains consisting of short
lengths secured to the side lengths and directly
overlying the periphery of the wheel.
m
It will he understood at the outset that although
I have shown and‘ will describe my invention in
cooperation with an ordinary automobile wheel
provided with the usual pneumatic tire, the same
is not limited specifically thereto as obviously it is 20
adaptable for other types of wheels and vehicles.
Therefore, the useoi' the term “tire chain” as
used in the speci?cation and claims is to be un
derstood in its broadest sense.
'
the reference character 9 refers to a wheel sup
ported upon the usual hub or axle t by the spokes
Mounted upon the
wheel in the wool manner is a tire it supported
upon ‘the ground or other surface and which in 30
turn supports the vehicle. In the Figures 2, 5
and d, in which the wheel is shown, the view is
taken toward the outside of the wheel.
As is well‘ known that for a tire chain to be
e?ectlve for anti-skid'or traction purposes, and 35
in order that it will not slip on the wheel during
usefthe same must be secured around the wheel
with cross chains engaging the‘pcriphery of the
_ t, or other suitable means.
wheel for substantially its entire circumference.
'
Figure 4 is a detail sectional view of one-oi the
of the same.
refers to the side toward the vehicle, adjacent the '
lenders and from the center oi which the axle or
other supporting means extends. This “inside” @
of the wheel is normally very inaccessible.
‘The "inside" of the the chain refers to that
length thereof which extends around the wheel
on the inside next to the vehicle. The “outside”
of the chain refers to that length which extends till
‘With the foregoing definitions oi terms in mind,
the conventional type of cross chain.
clearly the construction thereof.
the vehicle to which it is secured and therefore
readily accessible. The “uiside” oi’ the wheel
With the usual type of tire chain in common use,
it has been necessary in order to accomplish this
required mounting. that either the wheel be
jacked up away from its supporting surface in
order that the portion of the tire chain which fits
at the bottom of the wheel, that is, the part which
contacts the ground, may be slipped'thereunder,
or the chains laid ?at ‘upon the ground and the
wheels rolled thereon. It often occurs that both
‘of these operationsare either impossible or very t0
dimcult due to the condition of ‘ the ‘ground or
supporting surface. likewise with such conven
tional type of chain, it is necessary that the oper
and "inside” portions of the chain. By the ‘font- ator‘in securing the same in position must reach"
side" of the wheel is meant that side away’ from ‘over'and behind the wheel to secure the ends of M
2,125,705
this additional spacing at this pointwill be ap
parent as the description proceeds.
Secured to both ends of both the outside
Also, on most automobiles of modern oonstruc- ,7
tion the fenders are designed for a close fit over lengths l0 and II and in alignment respectively
the inside portion of the chain together. This is
often a difficult and disagreeable task.
with the cross chains A—l, A, B and B—-l are
the tire, which renders even more inaccessible the
“inside” of the wheel.
,short chain sections l2, l3, l4 and, I5 respec
-
By my improved chain construction‘ these op
erations are unnecessary and the same may be
‘tively.
quickly and easily applied to the wheel without
10 raising the same or moving the same circumfer
entially.
C -and consisting of an eyelet portion I6, by
Likewise all of the fastening and se
which 'the fasteners are secured to the end links
of the sections, a bight portion or bend I1 and
a retaining hook portion l8. Each of the sec
curing of the chain may be done on the outside
of the wheel in‘an easily accessible position.
My improved chain comprises a continuous
15 inside length 5 of proper length and consisting
tions i2, i3, i4 and I5 is provided adjacent its 15
free end with a loose laterally extending loop '
of interconnected links 6, of any desired shape or
construction. At one end of the inside length 5
of the chain, there are provided one or more
freelinks ‘I and at the opposite end of this in
20 side length 5 there is provided a suitable fastener
8 of any desired construction and type but pref
erably of the simple snap fastener design com
mon in the.’ art. This fastener 8 is secured to
the end by a few free links 9 forming the ex
25 treme end of the inside length 5. The fastener
or link I! with which the hook portion i8 of ‘the
fastening means cooperates in a manner to be
described.
It will be understood that ‘when the chain is in 20
position-upon the wheel‘ the sections l3 and I4
will be secured together by means of the fasten
ers described, to thus connect the outside lengths
end of the inside length 5 whereby to complete
the circle formed by this inside length when
in and ii and provide them as a continuous
length on the outside of the wheel corresponding 25
to the continuous inside length 5 of the chain.
Likewise it will be understood that the sections
l2 and I5 will be similarly connected together at
a point opposite the connected free ends of the
the same is in position upon the wheel.
inner length 5.
8 is adapted to be attached to and cooperate with
a selected one of the free links ‘I at the opposite
‘so
These sections are made up of intercon
nected links identical with the links 5. The free
ends of each of these sections are provided with
identical fastening means indicated generally at 10
.
interconnected links 6.
‘
_
.
.
In connecting the sections [3 and i4 together
The outside of the chain is divided into- two
lengths in and II and each consists of the same
'
At points spaced on either‘ side of the center
35 of the inside length 5 of the chain are cross
chains indicated generally as A and B in Figure
1. The details of these cross chains will be
more specifically described as the description
proceeds. The cross chain A is secured at one‘
.end to the inside length 5 and at its opposite end
to one end of the outside length Ill. The cross
chain B is secured at one end to the inside length
5 and at its opposite end to one end of the out
side length H. The opposite end‘ of the outside
45 length in also has secured thereto one end of a'
cross chain A--|, the opposite end of which is
or the sections' i2 and I5 together, the fastener
(I of one section is placed through the selected
link of the other section and turned to bring such
link into the bight portion i‘! of the fastener. 35
The hook portion of the fastener is then placed
through the‘ adjacent loop or link I9 of the chain
section to which the fastener C is secured. The
fastener C of the other section is then similarly
passed through the selected link of the ?rst sec—
tion and turned to bring such linkvinto the bight
portion i‘! of the fastener, the hook portion iii
of the fastener then being placed within the ad
jacent lbop or link Hi to retain the same in posi
tion. It is extremely important that in ‘securing
the sections l3 and I‘ together in this manner
secured to the adjacent end of the inside length
and also the sections l2 and I5, that the selected
5. Likewise the opposite end. of the outside ' links of these sections through which the fas
length H has secured thereto one end of a cross
50 chain B-l, the opposite end of which is secured
teners pass, be the same distance from the ends
of the sections which are secured to the lengths
at equally spaced intervals between the cross
the section l3, for instance, is passed through the
third link of the section ll, counting from the
to the adjacent end of the inside length 5.
Still referring to Figure 1,'it will be noted that
chains A and A-l there are provided additional
cross chains A—2 connecting the inside length 5
and the outside length ll. Likewise between the
cross chains B and‘B-l are positioned at spaced
intervals additional cross chains 8-2. The
cross chains A, A—l, A—_2, and B, B-l, and
Ill and H. In other words, if the fastener C of
length II and cross chain B, then the fastener C
of this section I‘ should ‘also be passed through 55
the third link of section l3,_counting from the
length In and cross chain A. ‘This is in order to
prevent any looseness of the chain at this point
of connection, with consequent rattling and like
3-2 are all identical in construction and are
lihood of becoming unfastened. ' Obviously any of
dotted in Figure 1 for clearness of identification.
The number of free links ‘I at one end of the
the links of the sections may be selected to ac
commodate the space necessary between the cross
inner portion 5, and the number of links 8 at
the opposite end of the inner portion 5 and be
tween such end and the fastener 8, are so ar
ranged that when the fastener 8 is secured to
chains A and B due to the condition of the wheel‘
upon the ground, but such selection should al
ways be the same for each section.
In this way,
65
an adjustment is possible for the tightness of the
the end link ‘I in position on the wheel, the cross chain around the wheel and this is desirable due’
chains A--l and B-l will bespaced apart sub- ‘ to the different conditions of tire inflation and
difference in makes and sizes of tires which may 70
70 stantially the same distance as ‘the spacing be
tween the cross chains 13-! and the cross chains be encountered and also due to the relative posi
A-Z. The spacing between the cross chains A tion of the tire upon the ground. For instance, in
and B on opposite sides of the-center of the. some cases the wheel may be somewhat embedded
chain, is slightly greater than the spacing be
in soft ground making it necessary to provide-at
75 tween the other cross chains. The purpose of the outset a greater spacing between the cross 75
/
2,120,705
chains A and
_
3 .
than when the ground is hard
the ‘opposite end of the inside length 5 in the
and the wheel sets up thereon.
other hand, and lifts the chain upwardly toward
‘In Figure '7 I have illustrated in detail the the top of the wheel, bringing the fastener 8 and
speci?c method of securing the loose sections of links ‘I toward him to the outside of the wheel
the chain together by the fastening device C.
and over the top thereof,- where they may be
With reference now to Figures 3 and 4 it will be
noted that the cross chains ‘A, A-l, A--2, B,
B-l, and 3-4, comprise the end hooks 20 of
conventional type for securing the same to the
10 links of the chain portions 5, l0 and II. Instead
of the usual links provided for cross chains, how
ever, I have provided a series of ?anged shoes
indicated generally at S, connected in spaced
relation by links L.
.
.
The shoes S may be made of metal, rubber, or
other suitable material and comprise the flat
body portion 2| adapted to engage against the
periphery of the tire 4. At two opposite sides
the body portion‘ 2| is ?anged outwardly as at 22
to provide road engaging portions.
The body portions 2| are provided with suit
ably disposed openings 23 to receive the links L.
These links L comprise a single length of wire
like material, one end of which passes through
25 anopening in one of the shoes S and is bent over
so that its end engages between the ?anges 22 of
.the‘next adjacent shoe. Themiddle portion of
the link is bent parallel with the shoes S and at
a slight angle in order that its opposite end may
30 pass through the opening on the opposite side
of the adjacent shoe where such end is then bent
back toward the ?rst named shoe parallel to the
other end of said link'and engaging between the
?anges 22 of said ?rst named shoe. This is
35 clearly illustrated in Figure 3.
.
The length of the ?anges 220i the shoes S is
substantially'the same as the thickness of the
ends of the link lying between such ?anges
whereby in normal operation the ground is en
snapped together with ease and convenience.
Next he takes hold of the section It’ with one
hand and section. IS with the other hand, hav
ing in the meantime returned the fastened ends
8 and ‘I back to the inside of the wheel at>the 10
top to the position shown clearly in Figure 5.
He then secures the sections l2 and I5 together
on the outside of the wheel at a point opposite
the fastener 8 and links ‘I, utilizing the fasteners
C in the manner heretofore described. The 15
chain may now be readily and easily adjusted
from the dotted line position shown in Figure 5
to its normal position on the wheel with the
cross chains engaging over the periphery of the
tire. It will be noted that in this position of 20
adjustment, the cross chains A and B are located
directly on either side of the point at which the
tire engages the road. The operator now com
pletes the operation by securing together on the
outside of the tire and at the bottom, the sections
I3 and I4, utilizing the'fasteners C as heretofore
described.
Thus the chain is quickly and readily applied
to the wheel without moving the wheel either by
lifting it or rolling it.
.
‘
.
It will thus be seen that I have provided a
distinct improvement in tire chains both in con
struction permitting the application of a chain
to a stationary wheel on the ground and also in
the type of cross chain. designed to give longer
wearing and better traction advantages.
Of course, changes may be made in details of '
construction and arrangement of parts without
departing from the spirit and scope of my in
vention; I do not limit myself,_therefore, to the
exact form herein shown and described other
than by the appended claim.
gaged by both the links and the'?anges. The
relatively loose connection between the links and
shoes, however, results in a slight tilting of the
shoes in the event of the moving wheel becoming
I claim:
_
locked while in motion‘, as by the application of
A tire chain comprising a continuous inner side
45 the brakes of the vehicle. This obviously results section of interconnected links, means at the ends 45
in the ?anges on one side of the cross chain dig
of'the section for securing the same together, an
ging into the ground or supporting surface, thus outer side section including two separated lengths
providing a very effective non-skid surface. The of interconnected links, the ends of each-of the
action of the cross chains under such circum
lengths being provided with additional lengths
50 stances is clearly illustrated in applicant's prior of interconnected links, the additional links on
Patent No. 1,523,330 dated January 13, 1925.
the relatively outer ends of the separated lengths
The application of this improved tire chain to providing means for locating the outer side sec
a vehicle wheel will nowbe described. Assum
tion on the outside of a tire, fastening means at
ing the wheel to be supported directly upon the the ends of each of‘ said additional lengths for
ground,
the
operator
takes
the
chain
in
the
55
connection with the links of adjacent additional
condition shown in Figure 1 and holding one end lengths whereby to interconnect the ends of the 55
of it throws the chain around the inside of the separated lengths of the outer side sections fol
wheel beneath the axle with the opposite ends lowing location of the side sections on the tire,
of the chain extending on either side of the and .cross links extending between the side sec
60 'wheel as shown clearly in Figure 2. He next tions.
‘
takes hold of thefastener .8 at one end of the~
CHARLES B. WOODWORTH.
inside length 5, in one hand, and the links 1 at
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