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Патент USA US2125865

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Aug. 9, 1938.‘
- 1‘ BARTELSTONE '
_
2,125,865
DECORATIVE DISPLAY AND METHOD OF-MAKING THE SAME
Filed June 26, 1955
2 Sheets-Shut 1
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[RV/N6 BARTELSTONE
BY
“ Aug. 9,-1938.
2,125,865
l. BARTELSTONE
DECORATIVE DISPLAY 'AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME
Filed‘june 26, 1955
2 Slieets-Sheet 2
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2,125,865
Patented Aug. 9, 19.33
UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFlCE
2,125,865‘
DECORATIVE ‘DISPLAY AND METHOD OF
'
_
MAKING THE SAME
- Irving Bartelstone, Philadelphia, Pa, assignor to
<
'
’
Abraham L. Krakovitz and Samuel Krakovitz,
both of Philadelphia, "Pa" and Fred Krakovitz,
Drexel Hill, Pa.
Application June 26, 1935, Serial No. 28,532v
'_8Claims. (Cl. 41—-22)
This invention relates’ to decorative vdisplays backer with a stencil, then I cut out the letter ,
adapted for use as signs, as a decorative portion
of a store front or building, or as an ornament,
and has for its object the production of ‘a new and
5
improved article of this type, and the evolution
of a new and improved method of making the
same.
-
Metallic decorative displays now in use as signs
and for other decorative or display purposes are
10 open to the objection that they must be cleaned
formed in the glass, then I remove the stencil
covering the letter, and then I remove the backer
portion within the boundaries of the letter.
The article which accomplishes my ‘object con- 5
sists of a glass treated to imitate some desired
background, a.portio‘n of which has been cut-to
form the design desired, the said design having
. been inlayed with metallic foil or equivalent. The
glass and inlay are covered by a backer of com- 10
and polished continually otherwise they tarnish.
paratively nonshatterable matter such as Celotex
Further, they are‘ comparatively expensive, It is
which is united thereto by a suitable paste.
My nonshatterable letter consists of a glass
treated as above, or untreated, which has attached
an object of this invention to produce‘ an article
which can be‘ used for decorative display purposes
15 but which will be free from the defects herein
mentioned.
-
.
'
_
-
Another object of this invention. is to produce
a display having metal foil or the equivalent as
one of its components the color of which will be
20 some color other than the color of the metal foil
used.
theretokby means of a suitable cement a backer of 15
nonshatterable material such as Celotex. The
backer has been cut out to form the desired let
ter. This letter is also preferably formed in the‘
glass.
,
changeable letters now in use in signs (such as
I will now describe the articles which are shown 20
in the drawings which form a part hereof and
which illustrate some of the many novel forms
which my new method can produce and which
motion picture display signs), the reading matter
my new article may assume.
. Further,
transparent
or translucent inter
25 ' of which is changed periodically are brittle and
will crack or break when dropped or even roughly
handled. It is an object of this invention to pro
duce transparent or translucent letters for use
in signs wherein the tendency to crack or break
30 when dropped or handled will be reduced to a
'
_
Figures 1 to 11 inclusive are diagrammatic 25
representations showing successive steps in the
preparation of an inlayed sign made according to
my method and the product of the method as it
appears at the various stages of the process;
Figures 12 to 21’ inclusive are diagrammatic 30
representations of the steps which are combined
minimum.
1
\
'
Another object of this invention is to make a . with certain of the steps shown in Figures 1 to
11 in the course of producing a non-shatterable
sign which will appear to be set in a certain
speci?c background such as stone, wood, metal,
35
etc.
.
I attain the above objects by ?rst treating a sur
face of a piece of glass to imitate the metaLstone,
wood, or whatever material one may desire to
have as a background'ior the decorative display
40 or sign or of which the ornament or decoration is
to form an integral part, then covering the said
treated surface with a suitable stencil, then cut
ting the desired outline in the said stencil, then
removing that portion of the stencil and the ma
45 terial imitating layer included within the borders
of the said design and forming the said design
in the glass, then removing the remainder of
the said stencil, then inlaying ‘the said design in
the glass with some material which will be of the
-50 color desired for the sign or ornamental ensem
ble, and then attaching a backer of nonshatter-'
able material to the said ensemble.
Where a transparent or translucent sign is de
55
letter.
'
1
Referring more particularly to the ‘drawings 35
wherein, similar reference numerals denote simi
lar parts, my novel article is a laminated slab
consisting of a glass layer l, a layer of material‘
imitating material 2, a layer of shellac or varnish
3, a. layer of adhesive 4, a layer of‘metallic foil 5, 40
a layer of cement 6 and a backer layer ‘I.
‘ The glass may be of any type or color glass
desired.
Although it is generally necessary to
use a transparent glass in order to produce a
product which simulates in color a particular ma- 45
terial such as marble, wood, metal, etc., yet it is
‘also possible to utilize opaque and translucent
glasses in the practice of my invention.
‘
The material imitating layer may be pigments
applied to the glass by a brush, by spraying, by 50
transfer from a decalcomania, or it may be col
ored'paper or thin ‘sheet of metal attached to the
glass by'a suitable adhesive or in any other man
sired, I proceed as above outlined omitting the
ner desired, .or it may be particles sprayed upon >
inlaying step. I then cover the nonshatterable
the glass and attached thereto by means of a suit- 55
2
2,125,865
able adhesivewhich will either not change or hide
the color of the material being applied or which
will combine with the material being applied to
produce the effect desired. The pigments, paper,
metal or particles are of the color, or colors, neces-'
sary arranged in the positions necessary to prop
erly imitate the appearance of the material being
removes the layer of material imitating layer
simulated or replaced.
sired and has two functions: a. It serves to
'
The adhesive used may be any adhesive now in
10 general use or which may hereafter come into use
which overlies the design portion of the glass.)
Then I remove the stencil 8 by pulling at an
end l?‘as shown in Figure 6. Then I spray the
design portion l3 etched in the glass v‘with a
suitable transparent lacquer 3‘ by means of a
gun IT.
(This lacquer may be of any color de
render transparent the glass surface which had
been rendered translucent by abrading. b. The
which will e?ectively unite the comparatively non- ' color selected is such that when combined with 10
shatterable backer to the surface of the glass
which has thereon the material imitating layer.
Among some of the commercial adhesives which
15 I have Successfully employed for this purpose
are:
Major Cement made by the Major Cement Com
Pally;
‘
'
.
Conoord's Carrara Mint made by Concord Paint
20 00., 421 Hunts Point Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Casein glues dissolved in water;
,
Philadelphia, Pa.
E. C. W. Vitro Mastic #3 made by Ewald
Christie-Wymond 00., Louisville, Ky.
The material simulating material may also be
adhesive in character in which case the adhesive
layer becomes a component part of the material
30
makes it possible for me to use metal foil and
at the same time secure color effects impossible 15
with the metal per se.) I then apply a layer of
paste 4 upon the material imitating layer 2 and
position the metallic foil upon the paste layer
as shown in Figure 8. Then I roll the metallic
- foil by means of a suitable roller l8 until a por
Pecora National Suction Cement made by the
Pecora Paint C0,, Inc., 4th and Sedgley Avenue,
25
the color- of the foil it will give some ultimate
color desired other than that of the foil. This
imitating layer.
20
tion enters into and takes the form‘ of the design ~
as shown in Figure 9. Then I apply a layer of
suitable paste 6 upon the foil 5 as shown in Fig
ure 10.. and then apply ‘the backer layer 1 as
shown in Figure 11 thus completing the product. 25
> When I make nonshatterable .translucent or
transparent letters, I take the steps shown in
Figures 1 to 6 inclusive, then I apply paste 6'
upon the material imitating layer 2' and place
the non-shatterable backer ‘I’ on the said paste
The backer layer may be of any comparatively as shown in Figure 12. Then I cover the backer 30
nonshatterable material of su?icient strength and - l’ with a stencil 8' as shown in Figure 13, cut the
stiffness to carry the weight of the glass attached outline 9' of the letter desired in the backer ‘I’
thereto without bending or buckling. I prefer to by means of a suitable tool l5 as shown'in Figure
35 use wood or wood substitutes such as Celotex or
14. Then I remove the portion ll' of the letter
masonite for this purpose. This is because these between its borders by pulling on the ends I2’ 35
elements are non-conductors. They, therefore,
prevent cracking of the glass which might other
wise occur as a result of relative expansion due
40 to natural heat changes if the glass contacted
some relatively good conducting material.
Although the surface of the glass to which the
material imitating layer is to be attached may
as shown in Figure 15. Then I remove the por
tion of the backer 1' between the boundaries of
the letter by abrading as shown in Figure 16.
Then I remove the stencil 8’ by pulling on an 40
edge III’ as shown in Figure 17. Then if a trans
parent letter is desired I spray the letter ‘portion
I 3’ with transparent shellac or varnish 3' as
be smooth or untreated, I prefer to use a piece 1 shown in Figure 18, thus securing the product
45 of glass which ‘has a roughened surface. This shown in Figure 19. If a translucent letter is de
makes for better adherence by the material sired this step may be omitted. If a translucent
imitating layer to the glass. If a surface of ‘the letter of a certain color is desired, then a letter
glass at hand has not been roughened, I roughen may be sprayed with a pigment of the color
the same by etching with acid or by abrading desired by means of a suitable gun [8 as shown
60 with either sand or other suitable abrasive in the in Figure 20 to produce the article shown in
50
manner well known in the art.
Figure 21.
That surface of the glass which has been etched
The above disclosure is to be understood as
or roughened usually becomes translucent. Be
being for the purpose of illustration only and not
fore using the same as a component in the pro
for the purpose of limitation since many changes
65 duction of my article, I restore its transparency
may
be made in the disclosure here shown with
by washing the same with a sizing of varnish or out departing from the spirit of my invention.
commercial lacquers such as Schrack’s lacquer
_ Having described my invention what I claim as 7
made by Schrack Lacquer Company or Duco clear new
and useful is:
I
lacquers made by'the Dupont Company.
I produce my novel article shown in Figure 11
as follows:
-
'
I apply the material imitating layer 2 to the
surface (which may or may not have been
roughened) of the glass I by spraying paint
65 through a gun H as shown in Figure 1.
Then I
cover the material imitating layer with a stencil
8, as shown in Figure 2. Then I cut the outline
9 of the desired design in the stencil 8 by means
of a suitable tool l5 as shown in Figure 3. Then
70 I remove the cut portion ll of the design in
cluded between its borders 9 byv pulling on an
end I! as shown in Figure 4.
Then I cut the
design in the glass by abrading by means of a
suitable gun I 6 as shown in Figure 5. (It is be
75 lieved to be obvious that the act of abrading also
1. The method of making a nonshatterable
decorative article which consists in placing a 60
layer of material imitating material upon a. sur
face of a piece of glass, in covering the said ma
terial imitating layer with a stencil, in cutting
a design in said stencil, in removing that portion
of the stencil within the boundaries of the de 65
sign, in removing the material imitating layer
within the boundaries of the design and forming
the said design in the glass, in removing the
stencil, in a?ixing a layer of foil over the said
material imitating layer and indenting that por
tion of the same overlying the design into the
0
said design and causing the same to assume the
outline of the design, and in a?ixing a layer of
nonshatterable material upon the said foil.
2. The method of making a nonshatterable 75
9,125,885
decorative article which consists in placing a
layer of material imitating material upon a sur
face of a piece of glass.’ in covering the said ma
‘ terial imitating layer with a stencil, in cutting a
design in said stencil, in removing that portion
of the stencil within the boundaries of the de
sign, in removing the material imitating layer
within the boundaries of the design ‘and forming
the said design in the glass, in removing the
10 stencil, in covering the said design with a trans
parent pigment of a certain speci?c predeter
mined color, in a?ixing a layer of foil over the said
material imitating layer and indenting that por
tion of the same overlying the design into the de
15 sign and causing the same to assume the outline
,
y
3
tating layer and indenting that portion of the
same overlyingthe design into the said design
and causing the same to assume the outline of the
design, and in attaching at least a portion of said
foil to said material imitating layer.
,
6. The method of making a decorative article
which consists in placing a layer of material imi
tating material upon a. surface of a piece of glass,
in covering the said material imitating layer with
a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in re 10
moving that portlon of the stencil within the
boundaries of the design, in removing the material
imitating layer within the boundaries of the de
sign and forming the said design in the glass, in '
removing the stencil, in a?lxing a layer of- foil 15
over the said material imitating layer and indent
ing that portion of the same overlying the design
shatterable material upon the said foil.
3. An article of manufacture consisting of a i into the said design and causing the same to as
laminated body consisting of a layer of brittle, sume the outline of the design, in attaching at
least a portion of said foil to said material imi 20
20 transparent material having a, design formed
tating layer, and in amxing a covering layer upon
therein, a layer of material imitating material at
said foil.
?xed to'the entire surface of the said brittle ma
7. An article of manufacture consisting of a
terial. with the exception of that portion of the
‘ of the design, and in amxing a layer of non
said surface covered by the said design, a layer
of foil
red to the entire surface of the said
, material imitating layer and positioned so as to
cover and conform with the surface of the said
design, and a hacker layer of comparatively non
shatterable material ‘ii
to the said foil.
4. A laminated slab designed for ornamental use
consisting of a glass layer having a design formed
therein, a material imitating layer covering the
entire portion of one of the surfaces of thesaid
glass except that portion of the said surface covered by the said design, a layer of transparent
colored lacquer covering the said design. a piece
of foil amxed to the said design and conforming
with its surface contour, and a layer of nonshat
' terahle material covering the said foil and me.
terial imitating layer.
5..’i'he method of making a decorative article
which consists in placing a layer of material ‘so —
tating. material upon a surface of a piece of glass,
in covering the said material imitating layer with
laminated body consisting of a layer of brittle,
transparent material having a design formed - ~
therein; a layer of material imitating material
amxed to the entire surface of one of the faces of
the said brittle material with the exception of
that portion of the said surface covered by the
said design, a layer of foil positioned so as to 30
cover and conform with the surface of the said
design, means attaching at least a portion of said
foil to said material imitating layer and a hacker
layer af?xed to the said foil.
“
8. A laminated slab designed for ornamental
use consisting of a glass layer having a design
formed therein, a material imitating layer cov
ering the entire portion of one of the surfaces of
the said glass except that portion of the said sur
face covered by the said design, a layer of trans 40
parent colored lacquer covering the said design, a
piece of foil amxed tov the said design and con
forming with its surface contour, means attach
ing at least a portion of said foil to said material ’
a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in
imitating layer, and a layer of nonshatterahle‘
material covering the said foil and material imi
boundaries of the design and forming the said de
sign in the glass, in removing the stencil, in af
tating layer.
4:5 removing the material imitating layer within the
‘Ii ‘; w a layer of fell over the said material imi-n
IRVING
TEIBTONE.
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