Патент USA US2125865код для вставки
Aug. 9, 1938.‘ - 1‘ BARTELSTONE ' _ 2,125,865 DECORATIVE DISPLAY AND METHOD OF-MAKING THE SAME Filed June 26, 1955 2 Sheets-Shut 1 m, V.I/"14. vmk w [RV/N6 BARTELSTONE BY “ Aug. 9,-1938. 2,125,865 l. BARTELSTONE DECORATIVE DISPLAY 'AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME Filed‘june 26, 1955 2 Slieets-Sheet 2 ..._ ‘wk 61%16 .. ‘ 2,125,865 Patented Aug. 9, 19.33 UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFlCE 2,125,865‘ DECORATIVE ‘DISPLAY AND METHOD OF ' _ MAKING THE SAME - Irving Bartelstone, Philadelphia, Pa, assignor to < ' ’ Abraham L. Krakovitz and Samuel Krakovitz, both of Philadelphia, "Pa" and Fred Krakovitz, Drexel Hill, Pa. Application June 26, 1935, Serial No. 28,532v '_8Claims. (Cl. 41—-22) This invention relates’ to decorative vdisplays backer with a stencil, then I cut out the letter , adapted for use as signs, as a decorative portion of a store front or building, or as an ornament, and has for its object the production of ‘a new and 5 improved article of this type, and the evolution of a new and improved method of making the same. - Metallic decorative displays now in use as signs and for other decorative or display purposes are 10 open to the objection that they must be cleaned formed in the glass, then I remove the stencil covering the letter, and then I remove the backer portion within the boundaries of the letter. The article which accomplishes my ‘object con- 5 sists of a glass treated to imitate some desired background, a.portio‘n of which has been cut-to form the design desired, the said design having . been inlayed with metallic foil or equivalent. The glass and inlay are covered by a backer of com- 10 and polished continually otherwise they tarnish. paratively nonshatterable matter such as Celotex Further, they are‘ comparatively expensive, It is which is united thereto by a suitable paste. My nonshatterable letter consists of a glass treated as above, or untreated, which has attached an object of this invention to produce‘ an article which can be‘ used for decorative display purposes 15 but which will be free from the defects herein mentioned. - . ' _ - Another object of this invention. is to produce a display having metal foil or the equivalent as one of its components the color of which will be 20 some color other than the color of the metal foil used. theretokby means of a suitable cement a backer of 15 nonshatterable material such as Celotex. The backer has been cut out to form the desired let ter. This letter is also preferably formed in the‘ glass. , changeable letters now in use in signs (such as I will now describe the articles which are shown 20 in the drawings which form a part hereof and which illustrate some of the many novel forms which my new method can produce and which motion picture display signs), the reading matter my new article may assume. . Further, transparent or translucent inter 25 ' of which is changed periodically are brittle and will crack or break when dropped or even roughly handled. It is an object of this invention to pro duce transparent or translucent letters for use in signs wherein the tendency to crack or break 30 when dropped or handled will be reduced to a ' _ Figures 1 to 11 inclusive are diagrammatic 25 representations showing successive steps in the preparation of an inlayed sign made according to my method and the product of the method as it appears at the various stages of the process; Figures 12 to 21’ inclusive are diagrammatic 30 representations of the steps which are combined minimum. 1 \ ' Another object of this invention is to make a . with certain of the steps shown in Figures 1 to 11 in the course of producing a non-shatterable sign which will appear to be set in a certain speci?c background such as stone, wood, metal, 35 etc. . I attain the above objects by ?rst treating a sur face of a piece of glass to imitate the metaLstone, wood, or whatever material one may desire to have as a background'ior the decorative display 40 or sign or of which the ornament or decoration is to form an integral part, then covering the said treated surface with a suitable stencil, then cut ting the desired outline in the said stencil, then removing that portion of the stencil and the ma 45 terial imitating layer included within the borders of the said design and forming the said design in the glass, then removing the remainder of the said stencil, then inlaying ‘the said design in the glass with some material which will be of the -50 color desired for the sign or ornamental ensem ble, and then attaching a backer of nonshatter-' able material to the said ensemble. Where a transparent or translucent sign is de 55 letter. ' 1 Referring more particularly to the ‘drawings 35 wherein, similar reference numerals denote simi lar parts, my novel article is a laminated slab consisting of a glass layer l, a layer of material‘ imitating material 2, a layer of shellac or varnish 3, a. layer of adhesive 4, a layer of‘metallic foil 5, 40 a layer of cement 6 and a backer layer ‘I. ‘ The glass may be of any type or color glass desired. Although it is generally necessary to use a transparent glass in order to produce a product which simulates in color a particular ma- 45 terial such as marble, wood, metal, etc., yet it is ‘also possible to utilize opaque and translucent glasses in the practice of my invention. ‘ The material imitating layer may be pigments applied to the glass by a brush, by spraying, by 50 transfer from a decalcomania, or it may be col ored'paper or thin ‘sheet of metal attached to the glass by'a suitable adhesive or in any other man sired, I proceed as above outlined omitting the ner desired, .or it may be particles sprayed upon > inlaying step. I then cover the nonshatterable the glass and attached thereto by means of a suit- 55 2 2,125,865 able adhesivewhich will either not change or hide the color of the material being applied or which will combine with the material being applied to produce the effect desired. The pigments, paper, metal or particles are of the color, or colors, neces-' sary arranged in the positions necessary to prop erly imitate the appearance of the material being removes the layer of material imitating layer simulated or replaced. sired and has two functions: a. It serves to ' The adhesive used may be any adhesive now in 10 general use or which may hereafter come into use which overlies the design portion of the glass.) Then I remove the stencil 8 by pulling at an end l?‘as shown in Figure 6. Then I spray the design portion l3 etched in the glass v‘with a suitable transparent lacquer 3‘ by means of a gun IT. (This lacquer may be of any color de render transparent the glass surface which had been rendered translucent by abrading. b. The which will e?ectively unite the comparatively non- ' color selected is such that when combined with 10 shatterable backer to the surface of the glass which has thereon the material imitating layer. Among some of the commercial adhesives which 15 I have Successfully employed for this purpose are: Major Cement made by the Major Cement Com Pally; ‘ ' . Conoord's Carrara Mint made by Concord Paint 20 00., 421 Hunts Point Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. Casein glues dissolved in water; , Philadelphia, Pa. E. C. W. Vitro Mastic #3 made by Ewald Christie-Wymond 00., Louisville, Ky. The material simulating material may also be adhesive in character in which case the adhesive layer becomes a component part of the material 30 makes it possible for me to use metal foil and at the same time secure color effects impossible 15 with the metal per se.) I then apply a layer of paste 4 upon the material imitating layer 2 and position the metallic foil upon the paste layer as shown in Figure 8. Then I roll the metallic - foil by means of a suitable roller l8 until a por Pecora National Suction Cement made by the Pecora Paint C0,, Inc., 4th and Sedgley Avenue, 25 the color- of the foil it will give some ultimate color desired other than that of the foil. This imitating layer. 20 tion enters into and takes the form‘ of the design ~ as shown in Figure 9. Then I apply a layer of suitable paste 6 upon the foil 5 as shown in Fig ure 10.. and then apply ‘the backer layer 1 as shown in Figure 11 thus completing the product. 25 > When I make nonshatterable .translucent or transparent letters, I take the steps shown in Figures 1 to 6 inclusive, then I apply paste 6' upon the material imitating layer 2' and place the non-shatterable backer ‘I’ on the said paste The backer layer may be of any comparatively as shown in Figure 12. Then I cover the backer 30 nonshatterable material of su?icient strength and - l’ with a stencil 8' as shown in Figure 13, cut the stiffness to carry the weight of the glass attached outline 9' of the letter desired in the backer ‘I’ thereto without bending or buckling. I prefer to by means of a suitable tool l5 as shown'in Figure 35 use wood or wood substitutes such as Celotex or 14. Then I remove the portion ll' of the letter masonite for this purpose. This is because these between its borders by pulling on the ends I2’ 35 elements are non-conductors. They, therefore, prevent cracking of the glass which might other wise occur as a result of relative expansion due 40 to natural heat changes if the glass contacted some relatively good conducting material. Although the surface of the glass to which the material imitating layer is to be attached may as shown in Figure 15. Then I remove the por tion of the backer 1' between the boundaries of the letter by abrading as shown in Figure 16. Then I remove the stencil 8’ by pulling on an 40 edge III’ as shown in Figure 17. Then if a trans parent letter is desired I spray the letter ‘portion I 3’ with transparent shellac or varnish 3' as be smooth or untreated, I prefer to use a piece 1 shown in Figure 18, thus securing the product 45 of glass which ‘has a roughened surface. This shown in Figure 19. If a translucent letter is de makes for better adherence by the material sired this step may be omitted. If a translucent imitating layer to the glass. If a surface of ‘the letter of a certain color is desired, then a letter glass at hand has not been roughened, I roughen may be sprayed with a pigment of the color the same by etching with acid or by abrading desired by means of a suitable gun [8 as shown 60 with either sand or other suitable abrasive in the in Figure 20 to produce the article shown in 50 manner well known in the art. Figure 21. That surface of the glass which has been etched The above disclosure is to be understood as or roughened usually becomes translucent. Be being for the purpose of illustration only and not fore using the same as a component in the pro for the purpose of limitation since many changes 65 duction of my article, I restore its transparency may be made in the disclosure here shown with by washing the same with a sizing of varnish or out departing from the spirit of my invention. commercial lacquers such as Schrack’s lacquer _ Having described my invention what I claim as 7 made by Schrack Lacquer Company or Duco clear new and useful is: I lacquers made by'the Dupont Company. I produce my novel article shown in Figure 11 as follows: - ' I apply the material imitating layer 2 to the surface (which may or may not have been roughened) of the glass I by spraying paint 65 through a gun H as shown in Figure 1. Then I cover the material imitating layer with a stencil 8, as shown in Figure 2. Then I cut the outline 9 of the desired design in the stencil 8 by means of a suitable tool l5 as shown in Figure 3. Then 70 I remove the cut portion ll of the design in cluded between its borders 9 byv pulling on an end I! as shown in Figure 4. Then I cut the design in the glass by abrading by means of a suitable gun I 6 as shown in Figure 5. (It is be 75 lieved to be obvious that the act of abrading also 1. The method of making a nonshatterable decorative article which consists in placing a 60 layer of material imitating material upon a. sur face of a piece of glass, in covering the said ma terial imitating layer with a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in removing that portion of the stencil within the boundaries of the de 65 sign, in removing the material imitating layer within the boundaries of the design and forming the said design in the glass, in removing the stencil, in a?ixing a layer of foil over the said material imitating layer and indenting that por tion of the same overlying the design into the 0 said design and causing the same to assume the outline of the design, and in a?ixing a layer of nonshatterable material upon the said foil. 2. The method of making a nonshatterable 75 9,125,885 decorative article which consists in placing a layer of material imitating material upon a sur face of a piece of glass.’ in covering the said ma ‘ terial imitating layer with a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in removing that portion of the stencil within the boundaries of the de sign, in removing the material imitating layer within the boundaries of the design ‘and forming the said design in the glass, in removing the 10 stencil, in covering the said design with a trans parent pigment of a certain speci?c predeter mined color, in a?ixing a layer of foil over the said material imitating layer and indenting that por tion of the same overlying the design into the de 15 sign and causing the same to assume the outline , y 3 tating layer and indenting that portion of the same overlyingthe design into the said design and causing the same to assume the outline of the design, and in attaching at least a portion of said foil to said material imitating layer. , 6. The method of making a decorative article which consists in placing a layer of material imi tating material upon a. surface of a piece of glass, in covering the said material imitating layer with a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in re 10 moving that portlon of the stencil within the boundaries of the design, in removing the material imitating layer within the boundaries of the de sign and forming the said design in the glass, in ' removing the stencil, in a?lxing a layer of- foil 15 over the said material imitating layer and indent ing that portion of the same overlying the design shatterable material upon the said foil. 3. An article of manufacture consisting of a i into the said design and causing the same to as laminated body consisting of a layer of brittle, sume the outline of the design, in attaching at least a portion of said foil to said material imi 20 20 transparent material having a, design formed tating layer, and in amxing a covering layer upon therein, a layer of material imitating material at said foil. ?xed to'the entire surface of the said brittle ma 7. An article of manufacture consisting of a terial. with the exception of that portion of the ‘ of the design, and in amxing a layer of non said surface covered by the said design, a layer of foil red to the entire surface of the said , material imitating layer and positioned so as to cover and conform with the surface of the said design, and a hacker layer of comparatively non shatterable material ‘ii to the said foil. 4. A laminated slab designed for ornamental use consisting of a glass layer having a design formed therein, a material imitating layer covering the entire portion of one of the surfaces of thesaid glass except that portion of the said surface covered by the said design, a layer of transparent colored lacquer covering the said design. a piece of foil amxed to the said design and conforming with its surface contour, and a layer of nonshat ' terahle material covering the said foil and me. terial imitating layer. 5..’i'he method of making a decorative article which consists in placing a layer of material ‘so — tating. material upon a surface of a piece of glass, in covering the said material imitating layer with laminated body consisting of a layer of brittle, transparent material having a design formed - ~ therein; a layer of material imitating material amxed to the entire surface of one of the faces of the said brittle material with the exception of that portion of the said surface covered by the said design, a layer of foil positioned so as to 30 cover and conform with the surface of the said design, means attaching at least a portion of said foil to said material imitating layer and a hacker layer af?xed to the said foil. “ 8. A laminated slab designed for ornamental use consisting of a glass layer having a design formed therein, a material imitating layer cov ering the entire portion of one of the surfaces of the said glass except that portion of the said sur face covered by the said design, a layer of trans 40 parent colored lacquer covering the said design, a piece of foil amxed tov the said design and con forming with its surface contour, means attach ing at least a portion of said foil to said material ’ a stencil, in cutting a design in said stencil, in imitating layer, and a layer of nonshatterahle‘ material covering the said foil and material imi boundaries of the design and forming the said de sign in the glass, in removing the stencil, in af tating layer. 4:5 removing the material imitating layer within the ‘Ii ‘; w a layer of fell over the said material imi-n IRVING TEIBTONE.