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Патент USA US2125868

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Aug, 9, 1938.
Filed July 20, 1936 '
3 Sheets-Sheet. l
Aug. 9, 1938..
Filed July 20,‘ 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
B" W
Aug. 9, 1938.
Filed July 20, 1956
s Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Aug. 9, 1938
: 2,125,868
l .
'_ . Edward H. Binns, Pittsburgh, Pa. I
TApplication July 20, 1936, ‘Serial'No. 91,536
(01. 206—7 )
2 Claims.
protectorsj-for use in connection‘ with a perma
Fig. 11‘ is an ‘enlarged vertical ‘section taken
on- the line XI—XI of Fig. 9;
lnently ‘installed or ‘combined generally horizon
‘ . Fig. 12 is a detail section on the line XII—XII
This invention ‘is an‘improvement in garment
tally-“disposed upper supporting rod ?xedly con
of Fig. 11;
nected withi‘a vertically disposed member- hav-,
Fig. -13 is ‘a detail View showing one form of 5
vconnection between the vertical stem member
‘and the transverse supporting arms;
Fig; 14-15 a. view comprising the middle por
ing an upper supporting exterior hook for en
'Igagem‘ent over a rod or bar and a lower‘interior
Ustemi extension having a-terminal adapted ‘for
separable‘ connection with a garment carrying tion of both such members illustrating a modi?ed
I10 yoke; ‘5
The protector may be in the'form of a bag ‘or
cover} casing, protecting cover of any suitable
bottom form of protector for application to the
form or‘ shape, but preferably having ‘an upper
1arched or‘ rounded closed top.
The construction herein involves ‘means for
upper portion of- a garment or garments and
“permanently connecting the upper portion of the
illustrating the frame mounting similar to that
of Fig‘. 9.
i r
mai‘i-i‘i‘enclosing cover or “protector and the sup
mechanism with which the improved protecting
coveringtcooperatesv Such means in. its interior
‘comprises a conventional yoke 2 of any suitable
I shall ?rst describe the garment supporting
porting frame,~ hermetically sealed therewith
across its upper ‘edge portion.
manner of connecting them together; and
Fig.- 15 is a front elevational view of an open
'Ifhe‘improvements herein-‘disclosed relate to
the incorporation with‘ the-upper portion ofthe
‘construction over which the garment or garments 20
‘3, as a coat, cloak, dress, suit, etc. is or are draped
casing, of the transverse arched, bent or rounded
for normal support in the usual manner. The
yoke 2 is provided at its middle portion with a
central Verticalbpening or socket 4 entirely or
‘laterally ‘extended members of the ' compound
upper'transverse carrying elements, reinforcing
'front and back wall members; reinforcing ‘edge
covering, and ‘various other features’, as shall be
more ‘fully hereinafter vdescribed.
“ ‘
, ‘. 1n the ‘drawings-showing my preferred‘con
only partly through it upwardly from the lower
sideadapted to be engaged by a cooperating hook
Eat the lower terminal of the supporting stem
"or shank B of wire.
~ At its upper end stem 6 terminates in a sup
:30 “ Fig.‘ ‘1 ‘is-affront‘ view‘in elevation showing a
porting hook ‘1 adapted to‘engage a carrying bar
tion with relation ‘ to the suspended iyokerand
“form of i an engaging loop terminating in a
‘ rounded reversed eye 9 or the like for‘ grasping.
‘side-opening protector closed'in operative p‘osi
lgarment‘i‘or garments thereon;
Fig. 2‘is an edge view of Fig. l at the opening
and closing side;
Fig. 3 is an e-nlarged'~'sectional detail view of
the upper portion‘ ‘of the construction on the line
The inner portion of the wire forming the eye
9 is mounted as shown leaving a space It slight
‘ly less in width than the diameter of bar 8 to
prevent accidental removal therefrom.
‘ The hook ‘I being somewhat resilient allows
TIL-Iii or Fig. 4;
‘ Fig.‘ 4 is'a transverse vertical'se‘ctional view on
the line IV-—IV of Fig. 3%;
or rod 8. ‘Hook 1 is ‘extended around in the
‘for placement over the bar as in the usual open
‘hooky form but with outward and reverse auto
Fig. 5 is a verticalsectional view on“ the line matic spring action.“ By withdrawing the ter
“Vé-V of Fig. 1‘, showing a provided pocket and “minal 9 of either’ the rounded or any other suit
its supported container;'
‘Fig.6 is a sectional view thereof takenonthe
L Fig.‘ 7 is a, sectional. detail View on ‘the’ line
8 isa similar ‘sectional View‘ on the: line
VIII-VIII of‘ Fig. v1;
' Y‘Fig. 9 is a front elevational view of a tfront
“able form the entire'stem and its suspended load
inclusive of the protector casing and its con
tents may be easily removed fromthe bar.
-, Incorporated with the stem 6 in any suitable
t'rnanner so‘ as to form a permanent strong con
nection is a transverse wire 1 I extending in oppo
site directions substantially‘ to the full extent 50
of width of the supported casing A, by its arms‘ '
12, I2. Such arms may be horizontal at their
‘middle portion as shown and downwardly slop
Fig. 10 is a cross-section thereof'taken on the ing. dependent on the formation of the top of
the protector casing as in Fig. 1, or may be con- x55
1 1i‘ne-‘X—X of Fig. v9;
opening protector. villustrating a modi?ed form
of mounting of the supporting frame;
tinuously rounded as in Figs. 9 and 13 or other
wise formed as desired.
Stem 6 is ?xedly connected with the middle
transverse member ll in any suitable manner as
by forming in stem 6, or either member, a loop or
eye I3 through which the other member passes
and to which it is connected by a soldering appli
cation l4. Otherwise, both members may be
?attened as indicated at l5, Fig. 14, and placed
together andsubjected to spot welding or the
similarly reinforced by a combination of such
tape and strips, as indicated at 29, and also as
at 30 at the bottom of the protector.
In the type of protector shown in Fig. 1, the
opening and closing edge thereof, shown as at
the right side edge, is of the same general con
struction as disclosed in my prior application
?led June 9, 1936, Serial No. 84,307, in which the
edge portions are folded and then refolded on
themselvesand connected by the male and female 10
fastening» members 3|, 732 respectively, with
By either of such means, or any other adequate
treatment, stem 6 and the transverse arms be
come ?xedly and permanently connected as in
facility for tight'closure and certainty of regis
tration of said connecting elements.
It will be observed that the opening edge por
one continuous construction. By such means "tion o‘f'the protector is disposed at the side oppo 15
the cross member H and its arms l2 of either
site the applying edge portion of hook ‘I for
form are adapted to be snugly inserted upwardly attachment to rod 8 which is of advantage in
underneath the inner upper‘edg'e portion of the manipulating the entire protector when it is de
main protector A for continuous support thereof, sired to apply or remove it from the rod. At the
20 and for tight closure throughout.
same time I provide easy and convenient access 20
The front wall l?'and rear wall I‘! extend con
to the interior for application or removal, either
tinuously from top; tov bottom and are preferably of the yoke 2 and its burden of apparel, or merely
made of two independent mating front and back in placing or removing a garment or garments
sections of material. These meet at the top and thereon, either' draped or hung on additional
‘areconnected by a continuous strip l8 of adhesive yokes, such as wire hangers, for which special
tape or other suitable fabric, provided with an facilities are provided.
interior adhesive face for‘ tightly securing them
Because of its particular advantageous qualities
to the upper edge portions of the main front and ‘as’ to minimum gage, light weight, strength,
Such tape which is preferably of
smoothness, transparency and sanitary qualities,
white or other light color,ris itself covered by a
‘I prefer to make the main walls of the protector
of commercially-available sheet material which is
not only ,amply resilient but is also sufficiently
stiff to retain permanent bands or creases when
_ back members.
supplemental ‘overlapping strip l9 preferably of
thin ?exible material for which purpose I prefer
to utilize a strip having the qualities of strength,
smoothness, and transparency, and with its par
ticular affinity for continuous adhesive connec
The cross member I|—’I2 when inserted along
‘the inner upper edge portion of the protector will
thus continuously support it and maintain its
relative position thereto; In order to'assist in
such maintenance and for further strengthen
ing and reinforcing the connection, I utilize an
additional strip 20 of adhesive tape or the like
brought together and adhesively connected and
secured to the opposite inner sides of the main
its ,~ca_sing
walls, together with a supplemental strip
reversed on itself under pressure._ I have utilized
this quality especially in connection with the
multiple fold crossed flap'sections whereby to
provide sharply de?ned closely inter?tting V
shaped joint contacts at the bend lines, as in
Fig. '7.
In the side-opening protector of Fig. 1, I prefer
to provide the lower stem extension 6 and its
hook 5 suspended within the protector, free of
the walls as in Fig. 4, so that the [hook may de
pend vertically when erected, and such construc
tion will provide for ready application to and re
moval of the yoke 12 therefrom.
22, ?rmly adhering to strip 20 and to the inner
face of the protector walls by_ overlapping exten
sions, as clearly shown-in Fig. 4. With either
of such constructions it will be seen that the
upper edge portions of the front and back walls
At the lower middle portion the protector is
preferably provided with an inserted cup or
holder 35, also preferably made of cellulosic ma
of ‘the protector are very ?rmlyand securely con
shape or dimensions to provide a receptacle
pocket for the insertion of an insecticide ?uid
container 33, or of a dry powder perfume or the
like. Cup 35 is suspended between the walls by
nected not only to each other but to the support
ing framework.
The upper portion of the protector is itself
terial, located somewhatabove the extreme 'bot 50
tom portion of the container and of any suitable
further reinforced by supplemental inner wall ‘strips 36 of tape or the like thereabove, and by
supporting strips34 therebelow, as inFigs. 5 and
6, the construction being comparatively light and
but extend downwardly only a comparatively easily available [for insertion -or removal'through
Um) shortdistance terminating at 24. Laterally ar- the opening edge portion.
ranged strengthening threads '25 are laid across
The container 33may be of any suitable mate
the plural walls at intervals as shown, over which rial as glass or »the like, and substantially corre
are also laid strips ‘26, ?rmly embodying the’ re
'sponds inicon?guration with that of the receiv
inforcing threads with the walls at both sides, as ing pocket 35, said pocket and container prefer
shown in Figs. 3 and 4. ‘
ably‘being narrow in width for disposition be
The'particular advantage in thus‘ covering the tween the walls I6 and I‘! _of the casing without 65
‘various reinforcing-tape or’ fabric strips, which undue bulging or projection of said walls. In
are preferably of a" light color and sensitive to order to assist in the insertion and removal of
members 23 which are in all respects like the
‘upper portion of the main outer walls I6 and II,
‘ soiling, in addition to the supplemental reinforce
‘the container, the same is provided with lips or
ment provided,is that'the outer covering strips grips 33a disposed across the narrow upper op 70
"completely protect them with a smooth surface ‘Vposite edges and extending outwardly over the
whilethe ‘transparency thereof maintains the upper-‘limits of'the pocket 35 to be easily grasped
. advantage of the ‘visible'outline members‘ of. the
entire construction.v .
“The opposite edge portions 'of the‘ protector are
by the hand. ,
The front and back walls of the‘ protector are
preferably reinforced by variously arranged
threads 31 laid over its surface at suitable loca—
tions with securing adhesive strips 38 in the same
The construction and manner of use of my in
manner as above described.
My invention may likewise be incorporated in
other styles or types of protector casings, as for
example, the front opening type of Fig. 9, where
vention will be readily understood and appre
ciated from the foregoing description. In its en
in the protector A’ comprises a front wall Ilia
and a rear wall Ila, the said front wall having
overlapping ?aps 39 and 40 secured in closed po
sition as by fasteners 4|, and adapted for oppo
site opening movement for access to the pro
tector, as particularly shown and described in my
upper supporting hook and its lateral arms, the
prior application, ?led February 12, 1936, Serial
No. 63,543.
Such protector may be provided with similar
edge reinforcements 29, and the garment sup
porting means 5—6--'l may be incorporated as
before with external reinforcement l8 and I9,
and internal strips 2|] and 22. I likewise prefer to
20 provide the supplemental upper inner walls 23
as before.
However, in connection with this type of pro
tector, I prefer to ?xedly secure the stem 6 of the
supporting means to the rear wall of the casing,
25 or more particularly, to the inner supplemental
member 23 thereof, as by means of a single strip
42, extending from the central portion of the
transverse ‘wire l2 downwardly over the said
ing the proper wall separation necessary to the
application and removal of this type of protector.
stem 6, terminating above the hook 5 thereof,
and disposed laterally in adhesive engagement
tirety it, being permanently connected with the
entire protector is an inseparable unit, having
permanence, stability, enduring life and resist
ance to strains and with the advantages avoiding 10
the necessity of removal from the supporting
hook of the protecting casing.
The protector as a whole, is strong and durable,
as the qualities of visibility of the contents, ex
treme cleanliness and sanitation, and the special
insects, dust, or foreign matter, together with ex
treme ease and facility of use.
It may be understood that it may be made in
various designs, dimensions, or otherwise 20
changed or varied to suit particular needs, but
that all such changes are to be understood as
within the scope of the following claims.
What I claim is:
1. In combination with a carrying stem having 25
an upper supporting hook and a lower yoke con
necting terminal, and intervening ?xedly con
nected oppositely disposed transverse arms; an
enclosing plural wall casing having a top portion
with the supplemental rear wall 23, as in Figs. 11
coextensive with and engaging over said trans
verse arms and provided with outer and inner
and 12.
permanently attached reinforcing and connect
Since the wall 23 is secured to the rear wall at
its lower edge 24 by strips 26 as before, the stem
35 6 and its hook 5 will become ?xed to the rear wall
for stability and proper location to coact with the
‘ yoke 2 when engaged with or disengaged from
said hook through the front opening of the pro
In the shoulder protector A" of Fig. 15, con—~
ing means surrounding the arms.
2. In combination with a protecting casing
having front and rear walls joined at the top
thereof, a supporting stem extending centrally
through below the top having an upper hook and
a lower terminal and yoke and provided with ?x
edly connected oppositely disposed transverse
means 5—6—-'l may be provided as before, and I
arms snugly engaging underneath the top be
tween the opposite edge portions, and ?xedly at
tached covering and sealing means connecting
the arms therewith above and below, said lower
terminal portion being secured to the inner face
likewise prefer to employ the securing strip‘ 42
of the rear wall.
structed in the form of an open bottom envelope
for covering application to the upper portion of a
garment or garments, the garment supporting
for ?xing the stem 6 and its hook 5 to the back
wall of the protector, whereby to assist in obtain
H Cl
advantage of very complete exterior isolation of
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