вход по аккаунту


Патент USA US2126006

код для вставки
. 9, 1938.
Filed Jan. 16, 1957
Patented Aug. 9, 1938
John H. Gross, New York, N. Y.
Application January 16, 1937, Serial No. 120,873
11 Claims. (Cl. 273-14)
The invention relates to a game of numbers,
to a method of playing such game and to ap
paratus particularly designed for practicing the
The invention has for its primary object the
providing of a variation in rolling ball games
which employ numbered balls or spheres such
as pool and billiards and which invention fea
tures both an element of skill in shooting a cue
116 ball as in playing pool, and an element of chance
1:5 1.
also showing in dotted lines an elevated posi
tion of one of the closures.
In the drawing‘and referring ?rst to Fig. 1
there is disclosed a ?at ‘support In and in the in
stant case shown to be the top of a pool table
or other surface on which pool balls roll easily.
There is positioned on the table a container II,
as to which combination of numbers may be
acue ball I2 and an actuating cue I3.
separated from a conventional pyramid arrange
ment of such numbered billiard balls as the re
sult of a skillful shot.
The container II comprises a bottom I4, tri
angular shaped in plan, having an apex I5 and
a base edge I6 forming the side opposite the apex
l5. The ball receiving top surface I‘! of the 15
The invention further contemplates the utili
zation of the single number on an ejected ball,
or preferably the summation of two such num
bers in the event of the simultaneous ejection
of two such‘balls.
right hand side of the container as shown in
Fig.2 and with parts broken away on the line 4--4
of Fig. 1 to show details of construction and
Referring to ‘the apparatus aspect of the dis
bottom is inclined slightly downwardly from
the base edge I6 to- the apex I5 so that the
spheres or ‘balls B- hereinafter described will tend
to roll down the incline towards the apex I5 after
the balls have been shaken to mix the same, as
closure, an'object of the invention is to provide . hereinafter described.
a simpli?ed form of container for billiard balls
and like numbered spheres so designed and pro
portioned that the contained spheres can‘ be
25 readily mixed to assume a change in relative
arrangement by shaking the container, and‘from
which container a pair of the numbered spheres
may be readily rolled out of the container on the
actuation thereof in the manner prescribed by
30 the rules of the game.
The upper portion of the
container comprises primarily a one-piece shell
I8 which includes a flat upstanding base side I9
and two upstanding side walls 20 and 2| round
ing into each other to form slightly curved dome 25
roof 22 considered transversely, that is, in planes
parallel to the base side I9 as shown in Fig. 2.
sideration of the method features of the dis
Considered from front to rear, that is, perpene
dicularly to the base side I9, the roof 22 con
verges, from its maximum height, at the crotch 30
23 formed by the juncture of the side walls 20
and 2] above the apex l5 as shown in Fig. 4.
The roof is provided at its high forward point
closure and. from’ an inspection of the accom
with an upstanding funnel 24 provided with
panying drawing and in part will be more fully
set forth in the following particular description
throat 25 of sufficient diameter to permit the in 35
sertion, one by one, of the balls B.
The base side I9 is provided adjacent its op
posite edges with two openings 26 and 21 of a
size to permit the free passage therethrough of
one of theuballs but not of sufficient dimension 40
to permit two of the balls to pass therethrough
out of the container at ‘the same time. The
openings have their lower edge ?ush with the
high edge of the bottom I4 so that the ejected
spheres when ejected from the container will
Various other objects and advantages of the
invention will be in part obvious from a con
of one method of practicing the invention, and
the invention also consists in certain new and
novel modi?cations of the preferred method and
40 ‘ other features of construction and combinations
of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view looking down‘upon a pool
table equipped with apparatus for playing the
games herein featured and showing the container
in plan and in position to be actuated;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in front elevation
of the container shown in Fig. 1, looking at the
same from the left hand side of that ?gure and
with the closures in locked position;
Fig. '3 is a horizontal section through the con
tainer and taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. ‘2
looking downwardly as indicated by the arrows;
55. Fig. 4 is a view partly in side elevation of the
drop a, short distance in falling on to the sup
port ID as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4. The
openings 26 and 21 are provided respectively with
drop closures 28 and 29 normally held by virtue
of their own weight or by their inertia in po
sition closing their respective openings.
The closures 28 and 29 are secured to the wall
l9 by hinges 30 located above the respective
closures so that each closure while normally
hanging vertically is capable of swinging out 55
wardly when unlocked and thus form a drop
door. The doors are each designed to be tem"
porarily locked in closed position by means of a
hasp 3i hinged to the lower edge of the closure
and designed to be secured by locking means
32 movable into inoperative or unlocked posi
tion by means of a spring pressed thumb piece
33. These thumb pieces are preferably designed
to face inwardly that is, towards each other, as
openings. While it is the intent to make the
structure as small as possible and thus provide a
container which can be readily lifted from its
support in the shaking of the balls incidental to
the mixing operation herein featured, sui?cient
clearance 41 is provided so as to ensure the
requisite freedom of movement between the sev
eral balls during the mixing operation. With
the idea of making the structure as light in
of the two hands of the operator as. he grasps the
opposite sides 26 and 2| at the corners adjacent
the base side Hi. The crotch edge‘ 23 is pro
Weight as possible it is suggested that the shell 10
be made of sheet aluminum and the base made
of wood.
In operation and assuming that the balls are,
for instance, in the position in the container as
indicated in Fig. 3 and that the container is 15
vided intermediate its height with anvoutwardly
projecting horizontally disposed cylinder 34 pro
centered at one end of the pool table as suggested
in Fig. 1, the player strikes the cue ball I2 with
vided with a bore 35 extending axially and hori
one l3 and aims for the head 39 either with a
direct shot or with a bank shot in accordance
10 shown in Fig. 2, and thus disposed in position to
be conveniently moved outwardly relative to each
other and into unlocking position by the thumb
zontally therethrough.
Slidably mounted in the
bore 35 is a bolt-like plunger 36, the inner end
of which is formed with a cue head 31 simulating
the head of cues such as the head of the cue I3.
The outer end of the plunger 36 is threaded as
indicated at 38 and is in threaded engagement
25 with an external head 39 preferably formed by
mutilating a billiard ball to provide an internal
bore 40 slidably mounted on the cylinder 34 to
provide a horizontally extending bearing engage
ment between the head 39 and the projecting
30 cylinder 34.
It is a feature of this disclosure
that the outer exposed surface of the head 39 pro
vides a spherical contact face 4| and otherwise
the structure is designed so that the plunger head
will simulate a billiard or pool hall for coopera
tive play with the free cue ball 12. The bore 40
forms a spring chamber containing a coiled spring
42 bearing at one end against the outer end of
the cylinder 34 and at its other end against the
- head 39 tending to urge the plunger outwardly.
with certain rules forming no part of the present 20
disclosure. The objective insofar as this disclo
sure is concerned is to strike the spherical head
39 with sufficient force to overcome the reset
spring 42 and cause the cue-like end of the
plunger to strike a percussion blow against the 25
apex ball in this case shown to be one of the
numbered “3” balls. This will cause both lines
of balls “4”, “2”, “5”, “I”, at the upper side of
Fig. 3 and balls numbered “4”, “6”, “5”, “2”, at
the lower side of this ?gure to move slightly from 30
right to left in the direction of the lines. As~
suming that the closures are unlocked, the im
pulse transmitted along the two lines of balls
will cause the end ball and which in the instant
illustration both happen to be numbered “4” to 35
leave the balance of the balls in the line and
move rapidly and forcefully out of the two open
ings. This outward movement of the end balls
elevates the closures as they pass beneath the
A_ long narrow box-like partition 43 is located same as indicated in dotted lines at the left of 40
in the container between the openings 26 and 2‘! _Fig. 4. The two balls will then roll out of the
and projecting from the base side I9 a distance container and on to the billiard table where they
can be quickly read and utilized as part of the
at least equal to the diameter of one of the balls
complete game. While the remaining balls of the
and disposed so as to provide a pair of con
line such as the “2”, “5”, “I”, will not move very
45 stricted passageways 44 and 45 leading from
the interior of the container to the openings 26 far from their initial position, and this is es
and 2?. The partition is provided with a top pecially true in those cases where the balls must
43 sloping downwardly from the base side l9 move up the incline formed by the bottom, any
and underlapping the throat 25 and thus disposed how, the next succeeding balls “2” and “6” will
not be moving under any material force. How
in position to receive the balls introduced into
the throat and direct them oiT the top 46 and ever, even though this next succeeding ball of
into the interior of the container to join the balls each line be moving, it would not have sufficient
force to elevate for the second time the dropped
already there.
closure and in this way the dropped closure acts
Within the container are twelve billiard balls
selectively to permit while restraining the free
B each provided with a single number and form
ing two sets of numbered balls, each set being dom of escape of the ?rst ball in each line, and
numbered progressively from I to 6 inclusive. in preventing the second ball from moving out
The bottom I4 is so proportioned relative to the
wardly it maintains all of the remaining balls in
twelve balls when in position engaging the top the container. In this way only two balls can be
ejected from the container at one actuation of 60
60 surface ll of the bottom that they assume the
the plunger and only then in the event that all
pyramidal form illustrated in Fig. 3 with an apex
ball marked “3” in this case centered in axial
twelve balls are within the container when the
alignment with the direction of thrust of the
plunger. The halls when falling into position
tend to arrange themselves in two lines in the
plunger is snapped.
form of a V with ?ve balls in each line and with
the apex ball common to both lines. The other
three balls, as for instance those marked “6”,
“3” and “I”, in the illustrated arrangement, are
located between the two lines of balls in the
crotch of the V formed thereby. The inclined
slope of‘ the bottom I‘! tends to shift the balls as.
a whole towards the right of the showing in Figs.
3 and 4 and'thus away from the partition 43
75 and from/the base side I6 provided with the
- -
After a play has been made the two ejected
balls are replaced in the container through the
open top funnel and permitted to rejoin their
companions remaining in the container. The
fastening means at 33 are snapped into closed
position, the container is elevated from its sup
port and vigorously shaken in order to mix the 70
balls indiscriminately so that it will be a matter
of chance as to what particular numbered balls
will eventually occupy the most advanced posi
tion in each line and which in Fig. 3 are occupied
by the two balls numbered “4”.
The container 75
with the mixed grouping of the balls is replaced
by the inertia of the closures when hanging in .
on (the table‘, the closures are unlatched and the
device is ready fora repetition of the ball eject
unlocked position.
ing operation previously described.
It is obviously within the scope of the disclosure
to " operate‘ the plunger by direct manual opera
tion or by‘chance instrumentalities orlby skill
controlled ‘instrumentalities other than the one
and cue ball aspect herein featured.
“"1; In a device of the class described,'the com
bination of a support providing a flat pool-table
like surface, a container of substantially triangu
lar form in plan having two openings in its base
15 side, each opening provided with a drop closure
hingedly mounted above its respective opening,
twelve billiard balls constituting two sets num
bered one to six, said balls located in a single plane
in the container with nine of the balls arranged
20 in the form a V, one line of the balls being in
alignment with one of the openings and the other
line being in alignment with the other opening,
a plunger mounted at the angle of the container
opposite the base side and adapted at its inner
25 end to contact with the ball forming the crotch
4. In a device of the class described, the combi
nation of a container having capacity to contain
more than two billiard balls with sufficient clear
ance to permit the balls to be mixed by shaking
the container with the balls therein, the bottom
of the container being of triangular form to cause
the balls automatically to assume a triangle form
when they fall to the bottom, one of the upstand~ 10
ing walls of the container provided with two open
ings each of a size to permit only one billiard ball
to pass'therethrough at‘a time,‘and a plunger
carried by the container opposite the wall having
the openings and adapted in striking the ball at 15
the apex of the triangle to eject the two balls
which happen to be nearest the openings there
through and thus out of the container.
5. A container for billiard balls having an in
terior of sufficient capacity to permit the mixing 20
of the balls when the container is shaken violent
ly, said container provided on one side thereof
with a pair of openings, means for causing some
of the contained balls to assume two lines of
mutually contacting balls arranged in the form 25
of the V, the outer end of the plunger exteriorly
of a V, and means acting on the ball at the
of the container provided with a spherical’ ex
posed contact face simulating a billiard ball, a
apex of the V to eject the two balls at the opposite
end of lines out of the container through the pair
of openings.
6. A container for billiard balls having an in 30
terior of suf?cient capacity to permit the mixing
of the balls when the container is shaken violent
ly, said container provided on one side thereof
reset spring acting on the plunger and tending
30 to ‘project the spherical face outwardly away from
the container, a free one ball on the support ex
teriorly of the container and adapted to be moved
forcefully, as by percussion froma cue in playing
pool, into contact with the spherical face to move
35 the plunger inwardly against the resistance of
its reset spring and, thus cause the plunger to re
two lines of mutually contacting balls arranged
act along the two lines of balls to cause an end
ball of each line to move out of the container
in the form of a V, said means including a bottom
of triangular form sloping towards one apex for
through the adjacent opening and against the
causing the balls to roll towards said apex and to
position one of the balls at said apex, and means
acting on the ball at the apex of the V to eject
40 resistance offered by the drop closure of such
2. In a device of the class described, the combi
nation of a mixing container for spheres, said
container provided with a sloping bottom of tri
45 angular form in plan and with an end wall and
two side walls coacting to group the spheres in the
form of a triangular with an apex forming sphere
at the lowermost point of the bottom when the
spheres fall on the bottom at the termination of
a mixing operation, the end wall being at the wide
side of the pyramid and provided with two open
ings therein adjacent the side walls and a plunger
at the apex opposite the end wall, said plunger
operable from the exterior of the container and
in engaging the sphere at the apex acting to eject
from the container the two spheres which hap
pen to be nearest the openings.
‘ 3. In a device of the class described, the combi
nation of a container having a bottom triangular
in plan and sloping downwardly from one base
edge to an apex, an end wall and two upstand
with a pair of openings, means for causing a cer
tain number of the contained balls to assume 35
the two balls at the opposite end of lines out of
the container through the pair of openings.
7. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a support, a ball-mixing container 45
for a group of numbered balls ?xed to the sup
port,- means acting on the balls for arranging
them in line and in contacting relation, said con
tainer provided with an opening at one end of the
line of balls for discharging the same on to the 50
support, and ejecting means slidably mounted
in the container at the other end for engaging the
adjacent ball of the line.
8. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a ball-mixing container for a group 55
of numbered balls, means acting on the balls for
arranging them in line and in contacting rela
tion, said container provided with an opening at
one end of the line of balls and a plunger carried
by the container at the other end for engaging 60
the adjacent ball of the line, and a bottom to the
container inclined downwardly from the opening
ing side walls, the end wall opposite the apex
provided with two openings adjacent the two side
65 walls, drop closures for each of said openings
hinged to said end wall, means for locking said
closures at will, more than two numbered spheres
towards the ejecting means whereby the balls
in rolling down the incline will contact with each
other successively in line, with the ball at the
lower end thus automatically located in position
to be engaged by the ejecting means.
on said bottom disposed in two lines with a sphere
common to both lines at the apex and with the
70 spheres aligned with the openings and a per
cussion plunger mounted in the container at the
having capacity to permit the balls to be 'mixed
when the container is bodily shaken, means for 70
apex and adapted in engaging said common,
sphere to eject the two spheres at the opposite
ends of the lines out ‘of the container through the
openings and against the resistance interposed
9. A container for two sets of billiard balls and
causing the mixed balls ‘to arrange themselves in
two lines, said container provided with two open
ings, one for each of said two lines of balls and
manually actuated means acting directly on that
one of the contained balls which happens to be 75
nearest thereto to move the same to cause the
balls forming the two lines to shift slightly to
for the openings and constituting gravity con
trolled means tending to defeat the ejection from
the container of any of the balls except such two
11. In a game device, the combination of means
, forming an enclosure, a plurality of sets of simi
10. A container for two sets of billiard balls larly numbered balls in the enclosure, means for
and having capacity to permit the balls to be automatically arranging two of said balls in the
mixed when the container is bodily shaken, said enclosure in position to be ejected from the en
wards their respective openings and thus act to
eject from the container selectively only the two
balls which happen to be nearest the two open
10 container provided with two openings and means
acting directly on the contained balls to eject
from the container only the two balls which hap
pen to be nearest the two openings, and closures
closure and a single plunger operatively disposed 10
to eject said two balls simultaneously from the
Без категории
Размер файла
680 Кб
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа