Патент USA US2126006код для вставки
. 9, 1938. 2,126,006 J. H. GROSS GAME AND APPARATUS Filed Jan. 16, 1957 INVENTOR JOHN H. GROSS BY at“, MW ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 9, 1938 ' UNITED ‘STATES 2,126,006 PATENT OFFICE 2,126,006 _ GAME AND APPARATUS John H. Gross, New York, N. Y. Application January 16, 1937, Serial No. 120,873 11 Claims. (Cl. 273-14) The invention relates to a game of numbers, to a method of playing such game and to ap paratus particularly designed for practicing the method. The invention has for its primary object the CR providing of a variation in rolling ball games which employ numbered balls or spheres such as pool and billiards and which invention fea tures both an element of skill in shooting a cue 116 ball as in playing pool, and an element of chance 1:5 1. also showing in dotted lines an elevated posi tion of one of the closures. In the drawing‘and referring ?rst to Fig. 1 there is disclosed a ?at ‘support In and in the in stant case shown to be the top of a pool table or other surface on which pool balls roll easily. There is positioned on the table a container II, as to which combination of numbers may be acue ball I2 and an actuating cue I3. separated from a conventional pyramid arrange ment of such numbered billiard balls as the re sult of a skillful shot. The container II comprises a bottom I4, tri angular shaped in plan, having an apex I5 and a base edge I6 forming the side opposite the apex l5. The ball receiving top surface I‘! of the 15 The invention further contemplates the utili zation of the single number on an ejected ball, or preferably the summation of two such num bers in the event of the simultaneous ejection of two such‘balls. 20 right hand side of the container as shown in Fig.2 and with parts broken away on the line 4--4 of Fig. 1 to show details of construction and Referring to ‘the apparatus aspect of the dis bottom is inclined slightly downwardly from the base edge I6 to- the apex I5 so that the spheres or ‘balls B- hereinafter described will tend to roll down the incline towards the apex I5 after the balls have been shaken to mix the same, as closure, an'object of the invention is to provide . hereinafter described. a simpli?ed form of container for billiard balls and like numbered spheres so designed and pro portioned that the contained spheres can‘ be 25 readily mixed to assume a change in relative arrangement by shaking the container, and‘from which container a pair of the numbered spheres may be readily rolled out of the container on the actuation thereof in the manner prescribed by 30 the rules of the game. The upper portion of the container comprises primarily a one-piece shell I8 which includes a flat upstanding base side I9 and two upstanding side walls 20 and 2| round ing into each other to form slightly curved dome 25 roof 22 considered transversely, that is, in planes parallel to the base side I9 as shown in Fig. 2. sideration of the method features of the dis Considered from front to rear, that is, perpene dicularly to the base side I9, the roof 22 con verges, from its maximum height, at the crotch 30 23 formed by the juncture of the side walls 20 and 2] above the apex l5 as shown in Fig. 4. The roof is provided at its high forward point closure and. from’ an inspection of the accom with an upstanding funnel 24 provided with panying drawing and in part will be more fully set forth in the following particular description throat 25 of sufficient diameter to permit the in 35 sertion, one by one, of the balls B. The base side I9 is provided adjacent its op posite edges with two openings 26 and 21 of a size to permit the free passage therethrough of one of theuballs but not of sufficient dimension 40 to permit two of the balls to pass therethrough out of the container at ‘the same time. The openings have their lower edge ?ush with the high edge of the bottom I4 so that the ejected spheres when ejected from the container will Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious from a con of one method of practicing the invention, and the invention also consists in certain new and novel modi?cations of the preferred method and 40 ‘ other features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed. In the drawing: ' Fig. 1 is a plan view looking down‘upon a pool table equipped with apparatus for playing the games herein featured and showing the container in plan and in position to be actuated; Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in front elevation of the container shown in Fig. 1, looking at the same from the left hand side of that ?gure and with the closures in locked position; Fig. '3 is a horizontal section through the con tainer and taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. ‘2 looking downwardly as indicated by the arrows; and 55. Fig. 4 is a view partly in side elevation of the drop a, short distance in falling on to the sup port ID as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4. The openings 26 and 21 are provided respectively with drop closures 28 and 29 normally held by virtue of their own weight or by their inertia in po sition closing their respective openings. The closures 28 and 29 are secured to the wall l9 by hinges 30 located above the respective closures so that each closure while normally hanging vertically is capable of swinging out 55 2 2,126,006 wardly when unlocked and thus form a drop door. The doors are each designed to be tem" porarily locked in closed position by means of a hasp 3i hinged to the lower edge of the closure and designed to be secured by locking means 32 movable into inoperative or unlocked posi tion by means of a spring pressed thumb piece 33. These thumb pieces are preferably designed to face inwardly that is, towards each other, as openings. While it is the intent to make the structure as small as possible and thus provide a container which can be readily lifted from its support in the shaking of the balls incidental to the mixing operation herein featured, sui?cient clearance 41 is provided so as to ensure the requisite freedom of movement between the sev eral balls during the mixing operation. With the idea of making the structure as light in of the two hands of the operator as. he grasps the opposite sides 26 and 2| at the corners adjacent the base side Hi. The crotch edge‘ 23 is pro Weight as possible it is suggested that the shell 10 be made of sheet aluminum and the base made of wood. In operation and assuming that the balls are, for instance, in the position in the container as indicated in Fig. 3 and that the container is 15 vided intermediate its height with anvoutwardly projecting horizontally disposed cylinder 34 pro centered at one end of the pool table as suggested in Fig. 1, the player strikes the cue ball I2 with vided with a bore 35 extending axially and hori one l3 and aims for the head 39 either with a direct shot or with a bank shot in accordance 10 shown in Fig. 2, and thus disposed in position to be conveniently moved outwardly relative to each other and into unlocking position by the thumb zontally therethrough. Slidably mounted in the bore 35 is a bolt-like plunger 36, the inner end of which is formed with a cue head 31 simulating the head of cues such as the head of the cue I3. The outer end of the plunger 36 is threaded as indicated at 38 and is in threaded engagement 25 with an external head 39 preferably formed by mutilating a billiard ball to provide an internal bore 40 slidably mounted on the cylinder 34 to provide a horizontally extending bearing engage ment between the head 39 and the projecting 30 cylinder 34. It is a feature of this disclosure that the outer exposed surface of the head 39 pro vides a spherical contact face 4| and otherwise the structure is designed so that the plunger head will simulate a billiard or pool hall for coopera tive play with the free cue ball 12. The bore 40 forms a spring chamber containing a coiled spring 42 bearing at one end against the outer end of the cylinder 34 and at its other end against the - head 39 tending to urge the plunger outwardly. with certain rules forming no part of the present 20 disclosure. The objective insofar as this disclo sure is concerned is to strike the spherical head 39 with sufficient force to overcome the reset spring 42 and cause the cue-like end of the plunger to strike a percussion blow against the 25 apex ball in this case shown to be one of the numbered “3” balls. This will cause both lines of balls “4”, “2”, “5”, “I”, at the upper side of Fig. 3 and balls numbered “4”, “6”, “5”, “2”, at the lower side of this ?gure to move slightly from 30 right to left in the direction of the lines. As~ suming that the closures are unlocked, the im pulse transmitted along the two lines of balls will cause the end ball and which in the instant illustration both happen to be numbered “4” to 35 leave the balance of the balls in the line and move rapidly and forcefully out of the two open ings. This outward movement of the end balls elevates the closures as they pass beneath the A_ long narrow box-like partition 43 is located same as indicated in dotted lines at the left of 40 in the container between the openings 26 and 2‘! _Fig. 4. The two balls will then roll out of the and projecting from the base side I9 a distance container and on to the billiard table where they can be quickly read and utilized as part of the at least equal to the diameter of one of the balls complete game. While the remaining balls of the and disposed so as to provide a pair of con line such as the “2”, “5”, “I”, will not move very 45 stricted passageways 44 and 45 leading from the interior of the container to the openings 26 far from their initial position, and this is es and 2?. The partition is provided with a top pecially true in those cases where the balls must 43 sloping downwardly from the base side l9 move up the incline formed by the bottom, any and underlapping the throat 25 and thus disposed how, the next succeeding balls “2” and “6” will not be moving under any material force. How in position to receive the balls introduced into the throat and direct them oiT the top 46 and ever, even though this next succeeding ball of into the interior of the container to join the balls each line be moving, it would not have sufficient force to elevate for the second time the dropped already there. closure and in this way the dropped closure acts Within the container are twelve billiard balls selectively to permit while restraining the free B each provided with a single number and form ing two sets of numbered balls, each set being dom of escape of the ?rst ball in each line, and numbered progressively from I to 6 inclusive. in preventing the second ball from moving out The bottom I4 is so proportioned relative to the wardly it maintains all of the remaining balls in twelve balls when in position engaging the top the container. In this way only two balls can be ejected from the container at one actuation of 60 60 surface ll of the bottom that they assume the the plunger and only then in the event that all pyramidal form illustrated in Fig. 3 with an apex ball marked “3” in this case centered in axial twelve balls are within the container when the alignment with the direction of thrust of the plunger. The halls when falling into position tend to arrange themselves in two lines in the plunger is snapped. form of a V with ?ve balls in each line and with the apex ball common to both lines. The other three balls, as for instance those marked “6”, “3” and “I”, in the illustrated arrangement, are located between the two lines of balls in the crotch of the V formed thereby. The inclined slope of‘ the bottom I‘! tends to shift the balls as. a whole towards the right of the showing in Figs. 3 and 4 and'thus away from the partition 43 75 and from/the base side I6 provided with the - - After a play has been made the two ejected balls are replaced in the container through the open top funnel and permitted to rejoin their companions remaining in the container. The fastening means at 33 are snapped into closed position, the container is elevated from its sup port and vigorously shaken in order to mix the 70 balls indiscriminately so that it will be a matter of chance as to what particular numbered balls will eventually occupy the most advanced posi tion in each line and which in Fig. 3 are occupied by the two balls numbered “4”. The container 75 2,126,006. 3 with the mixed grouping of the balls is replaced by the inertia of the closures when hanging in . on (the table‘, the closures are unlatched and the device is ready fora repetition of the ball eject unlocked position. ing operation previously described. It is obviously within the scope of the disclosure to " operate‘ the plunger by direct manual opera tion or by‘chance instrumentalities orlby skill controlled ‘instrumentalities other than the one and cue ball aspect herein featured. “ I‘cl‘aimf ' ‘ e “"1; In a device of the class described,'the com bination of a support providing a flat pool-table like surface, a container of substantially triangu lar form in plan having two openings in its base 15 side, each opening provided with a drop closure hingedly mounted above its respective opening, twelve billiard balls constituting two sets num bered one to six, said balls located in a single plane in the container with nine of the balls arranged 20 in the form a V, one line of the balls being in alignment with one of the openings and the other line being in alignment with the other opening, a plunger mounted at the angle of the container opposite the base side and adapted at its inner 25 end to contact with the ball forming the crotch 4. In a device of the class described, the combi nation of a container having capacity to contain more than two billiard balls with sufficient clear ance to permit the balls to be mixed by shaking the container with the balls therein, the bottom of the container being of triangular form to cause the balls automatically to assume a triangle form when they fall to the bottom, one of the upstand~ 10 ing walls of the container provided with two open ings each of a size to permit only one billiard ball to pass'therethrough at‘a time,‘and a plunger carried by the container opposite the wall having the openings and adapted in striking the ball at 15 the apex of the triangle to eject the two balls which happen to be nearest the openings there through and thus out of the container. 5. A container for billiard balls having an in terior of sufficient capacity to permit the mixing 20 of the balls when the container is shaken violent ly, said container provided on one side thereof with a pair of openings, means for causing some of the contained balls to assume two lines of mutually contacting balls arranged in the form 25 of the V, the outer end of the plunger exteriorly of a V, and means acting on the ball at the of the container provided with a spherical’ ex posed contact face simulating a billiard ball, a apex of the V to eject the two balls at the opposite end of lines out of the container through the pair of openings. 6. A container for billiard balls having an in 30 terior of suf?cient capacity to permit the mixing of the balls when the container is shaken violent ly, said container provided on one side thereof reset spring acting on the plunger and tending 30 to ‘project the spherical face outwardly away from the container, a free one ball on the support ex teriorly of the container and adapted to be moved forcefully, as by percussion froma cue in playing pool, into contact with the spherical face to move 35 the plunger inwardly against the resistance of its reset spring and, thus cause the plunger to re two lines of mutually contacting balls arranged act along the two lines of balls to cause an end ball of each line to move out of the container in the form of a V, said means including a bottom of triangular form sloping towards one apex for through the adjacent opening and against the causing the balls to roll towards said apex and to position one of the balls at said apex, and means acting on the ball at the apex of the V to eject 40 resistance offered by the drop closure of such opening. 2. In a device of the class described, the combi nation of a mixing container for spheres, said container provided with a sloping bottom of tri 45 angular form in plan and with an end wall and two side walls coacting to group the spheres in the form of a triangular with an apex forming sphere at the lowermost point of the bottom when the spheres fall on the bottom at the termination of a mixing operation, the end wall being at the wide side of the pyramid and provided with two open ings therein adjacent the side walls and a plunger at the apex opposite the end wall, said plunger operable from the exterior of the container and in engaging the sphere at the apex acting to eject from the container the two spheres which hap pen to be nearest the openings. ‘ 3. In a device of the class described, the combi nation of a container having a bottom triangular in plan and sloping downwardly from one base edge to an apex, an end wall and two upstand with a pair of openings, means for causing a cer tain number of the contained balls to assume 35 the two balls at the opposite end of lines out of the container through the pair of openings. 7. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a support, a ball-mixing container 45 for a group of numbered balls ?xed to the sup port,- means acting on the balls for arranging them in line and in contacting relation, said con tainer provided with an opening at one end of the line of balls for discharging the same on to the 50 support, and ejecting means slidably mounted in the container at the other end for engaging the adjacent ball of the line. 8. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a ball-mixing container for a group 55 of numbered balls, means acting on the balls for arranging them in line and in contacting rela tion, said container provided with an opening at one end of the line of balls and a plunger carried by the container at the other end for engaging 60 the adjacent ball of the line, and a bottom to the container inclined downwardly from the opening ing side walls, the end wall opposite the apex provided with two openings adjacent the two side 65 walls, drop closures for each of said openings hinged to said end wall, means for locking said closures at will, more than two numbered spheres towards the ejecting means whereby the balls in rolling down the incline will contact with each other successively in line, with the ball at the lower end thus automatically located in position to be engaged by the ejecting means. on said bottom disposed in two lines with a sphere common to both lines at the apex and with the 70 spheres aligned with the openings and a per cussion plunger mounted in the container at the having capacity to permit the balls to be 'mixed when the container is bodily shaken, means for 70 apex and adapted in engaging said common, sphere to eject the two spheres at the opposite ends of the lines out ‘of the container through the openings and against the resistance interposed 9. A container for two sets of billiard balls and causing the mixed balls ‘to arrange themselves in two lines, said container provided with two open ings, one for each of said two lines of balls and manually actuated means acting directly on that one of the contained balls which happens to be 75 4 2,126,006 nearest thereto to move the same to cause the balls forming the two lines to shift slightly to for the openings and constituting gravity con trolled means tending to defeat the ejection from the container of any of the balls except such two balls. 11. In a game device, the combination of means , forming an enclosure, a plurality of sets of simi ings. 10. A container for two sets of billiard balls larly numbered balls in the enclosure, means for and having capacity to permit the balls to be automatically arranging two of said balls in the mixed when the container is bodily shaken, said enclosure in position to be ejected from the en wards their respective openings and thus act to eject from the container selectively only the two balls which happen to be nearest the two open 10 container provided with two openings and means acting directly on the contained balls to eject from the container only the two balls which hap pen to be nearest the two openings, and closures closure and a single plunger operatively disposed 10 to eject said two balls simultaneously from the enclosure. JOHN H. GROSS.