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Патент USA US2126098

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" Patented Anz. l9519,38
` 23253985:
_ ¿.um'ren 'STATES PATENT-'QFFICEi-f. l
Cm` ‘
_ v @primitifr‘ètrnary`
Alben neemt
’ i as. Pàu‘riß.`
1 fx "t anims. (cl. 155-416) f
a. designates `‘the
` “ This invention relates to a reclinins arm-chair, i
so constructed that it can be' used alternately
. J as an ordinary armi-chair having allow and slight
On` either
the back.„1
side, the
.f .l mainV `framcworlr‘
p supports.
" ~
ly inclined back,l as a resting arm-chair
` by means of apivot A, a bell crank leverfl. hav-`-` `
extended and more inclinedlbaclr.,and,I ñnally. ’ ing branchesaot `unequal length and one end of "5i,
as la couch which can `assume at will a :seriesv oi `which is` pivotally connected .» at B] tothe seat,
variable positions and on which the user ‘i can lay i and the other at C on the back.` Thefplvot‘B is*l
downnearly horizontally. These‘transformations v arranged.near` the rear -ot the seat and‘is car-1v` .
areïlv'ery easily obtained without the help oi'` anyh tied-‘by an iron strap l secured to the seat i'rame.` ' i
` i0I special operating member, owing'V to jointfcon-` V‘ i‘ ‘The pivot (l` is arranged!` at thelowerend oi'„l0Í~`
"nection and ¿duide means suitably combined „with the backend is carried ‘fby anironstrap‘l 'se-j'` « ì»
the "seatmthe` back and the `:stationaryjl.maini`
The armatigement` oi’ these "embers is
i The to,v
back frame‘fw
i i
on either
i \ 1
side, by a pin D carried by.. onev arm of a second j ‘
i il that. in the ffordinary armé-chair” position. they " i bell-‘crankpiever lìv‘pivotedattEèon `the main III>
' v "seatlisr‘ substantially‘horizontal and the. back i framework and having itsîother arm connected.
‘ v p
`nearlyzvverlzital,Íits"lowerlfpart being'plßcedwbe-r; u
i `hind the seat, f and that' the simple-‘swinging’ ofI
this back, troni> this position.` automatically causes
` 20 thezlseat .to behvnioved.` iorwardlyat the same
timeas theinclination of„
onthe onehand, tothe said framework by` a` ; i `
alink 6` pivoteliy connected
other hand.
at F tol
the buck` _
.and at G‘to.theback-iframe.‘y
Tamm `rims ‘aumen pm
Y D; througha?
seat and back is
is)` moreover already col»-`
î strap l. whichis‘secured-‘to the frameïotgthcl
tained in reclining‘i‘arm-chairs
asathose‘` seat and‘l‘can ì‘slide on` this" pin:
in ordeig
~ p25 ‘ i'orrtiiing‘.the`
Nos; 714.601 and
'117,012‘111 the» of
i ‘French Patents
to> reduce friction wheni said“ `pm` canteen 'wier ¿ein
‘ ‘ For that. puriiote,y the reci or.`
l nectedtopthebottom pbrtiou“-`
eithersiderinzthelmownrn J
, \.
seat lalcon- f
".thefback; on `8 and `9` 'secured tothe main frameworkran‘d‘ the'
of` ` »pivot G iscarried by an ironstrap‘ ltlsecureds“
‘l `
tothe backirame atisome distanceiabovefthe" 30 c'
ormmí?mhchmr .Damon
mairriiranflework.` \ ,
Y » l
` 1oi’l being connected
But' `the back. instead
The pivots `A and‘E are carried ‘by iron .strain`
.i (Fig.:1)v,„thebe1l crank lever ¿I4 is so placed that »
i ‘ the main trainev‘mrl';I by.“ 'simple inextensible> links; ‘i `the, `pivot. `134 is located above -and slightly tothe \
[rigidly llmitingfzits backward tilting,` is’now' con`-" '
une met um Imi rear part is lifted _newly-to`
the maximum by `pivot B, whilst the pins D on
‘ that in ea'ch o! its three positions of use. the
arm-chair 1s in a stable condition, um is to‘
i which it rests
say they passage from one position to another
“cannot'accidentally take place.
¿the rear. oil thejlatter andgnearly level therewith.
„nected tof'this‘fraxnevvorlizì"tin-ouch` the medium `
" *fot springs' or other resilient devices, so that' itt: "'I'heback is thus in its lowest andmost‘erect poki. ` y v
‘canl beftiltedfverylfar backwards `(couch posi--` y tion, its ‘lowtcrpart,~ situated behind the seatî and: »i “
against the latten and‘restinz on the rear cross,
'I'he dimensions‘and relative positionsofthe` member Il of the main framework; at thesame f` i
' various connecting members are, so determinedV time; the sentis held nearlyhorizmtal owing to _40 a
` 3 _ A form'ot construction of an arm-chair accord-i I
at the front `are in* their levier-`
Inithis position,v the back is held `erect by1thej45.,
stretched spi'inzs‘l and the
l and` could ‘y
ingvtohthe invention‘will be described with ref-‘_ be tilted backwardsl oniyby causing lever.. to’`
' erence to the accompanying` drawingsgiven by
way oi' example only.
rocïso as to iii't the Iront‘ot’the seat
` sequently, that portionof theweishtÍoi-the per`-- i.
f " ¿of „meer 2 ande are side eiévauonsësimwinguíe son seated’ thereon'actinè fin front oi' the pivotsM
`framework inbeing
its »three 4positions
so ofasuse,jthe
to -allcvrthe
mechanism-to be seen.
ng. 4m parmi ‘
f However.
even greater
in order
that the back‘should
thrust ofthe
v "or
the-lower cd‘seoifeach 'link l is pro
f m‘muonmade non: vided with` a notch Il‘whichpinfthe position
55 “ne IV-Ivqrnen «v c
`shown m n. 1. a in mutuamente»- .ßf "
pin H secured to the main framework and thus
the pin and notch rigidly prevent any backward
displacement of pivot G.
It is to be noted that the weight of the user
tends to hold the seat in place, owing to the fact
that the pivot B is located slightly behind the piv
ot A, so that there is no risk of the seat being acci
dentally moved forward and thus causing an
unvoluntary lifting of the back through the me-,
It is to be understood that. without departing
from the scope of the invention, the forms and
details of construction of the various parts of
the arm-chair can be modified, that the connec
tion and guide means described can be replaced
by any other equivalent means, for instance the
pivots G of the back can be guided according to
the path indicated by the broken line IJK and
which is imparted to them by slides of similar
shape secured to the framework, the links 6 being 10
To alter the device from the ordinary arm-y then dispensed with and the springs l being at- '
chair position yshown in Fig. l to the resting arm
tached to other points of the framework for di
chair position (Fig. 2), it suflices to liit the back rectly acting on the back; the opening of the
and to then push it backwards. The lifting 4of angle formed by the seat and back can also be
the pivots G and C has the effect» of releasing the limited by any other means than those illus 15
notches Il from the stop-pins H and causes the trated; a tension spring can also be attached, on
bell crank lever l to pivot, thus moving the pivots t the one hand, >to the rear of the frame of the seat
B forwardly and downwardly. The 'seat thus and, on the other hand, to the front cross mem
moves forward by sliding on the pins D and is ber of the framework, in order to facilitate the
inclined backwards; at the same time, the levers forward displacement of the seat and, conse
I. retained by the weight of the seat’and by the quently, the lifting of the back.
pull of the springs l prevent the links 6 and piv
I claim:
ots G from moving backwards, so `that the in
l. In a recliningl arm-chair. the combination oi'
clination and uiting ofthe back depend on the l a stationary main framework, a movable seat', a
displacement of the pivots Cabout the pivots A. movable back, bell cranks pivotally connected re 25
'nie mung4 angle or the >baci: relativelyto' the' spectively on both sides of said stationary frame
seat is-limited, independently of the Íconnection
by the links I and bell crank levers 4, by means
of abutment devices comprising, in this example,
anarm il pivoted at L on each bellV crank lever
I and connected, by a link Il. tothe back, so that
work, said bell cranks eachincluding two arms.
one of which is pivoted to the _rear end of said
seat while the other arm of each bell crank is
pivoted to the lower end of said back, other bell 30
cranks pivotally connected to said framework atA
each side' of said arm-chair and each 'including
upori tilting of the latter, the‘arm Il abuts against
a' lug lirigid with the lever i and thus limits the y two arms, one of the arms of the last mentioned
angleof rotation of thel back about the pivot C. bell cranks having a projection bearing on the
'I‘he userl can thus rest againstthe back at the undersid.e,of the front end of the seat and a link 35
same time as on, the seat without> causing the having one end pivoted to the other arm of each
v , angle formed between these members to become of said last mentioned bell cranks and the other
greater. Their position is maintained ina stable end pivoted on said back.
‘ Y
Amannerby ‘the tension o_f the springs i.
2. A reclining arm-chair as 'claimed in claim l,
, To pass from this resting arm-chair position » in which a stop pin is secured to the> main frame-` 40
to the couch Vposition (Fig. 3), it is only necessary work and in which'the lower'edge of each link is
.for the user to cause a sufficient portion of his l provided with a notch which, inthe erect posi
weight tobear against the back, thus compelling tion of the back, is in engagement with the stop
the- unit constitutedsby the back and the seat, pin, said notch being released from said stop-pin
to rock about thek pivots A by >stretching " the ‘ on the lifting of the back. "
springs l.
In the exampie'mustrated, this backward rock
ing movement is limited by rubber or like abut
ments I'l, on which bear bentportions I l of the
links l, but it is to be understood that it is pos
, 3. A reclining arm-chair as claimed in claim'l,
in which abutment means is provided on the
¿ framework for limiting the pivoting _ movement
of said back relative to said bell cranks when said
back is-lifted and inclined towards the rear-side,
sible to obtain,:if desiredpa'more accentuated springs for _normally pulling the said back andv
' backward-rocking movement. In each position
said bell crank levers. towardsthe front end of
by rocking movement about the pivots ‘ the framework, one end of each spring being con
A and'E. the .balance ofthe structure is 'ensu‘red ‘ nected to the main framework and the other end
by-the tension of the springs I, balancing the‘dif
of each spring to the adjacent arms of the last
ferencegof the torques of reverse directions ex
mentioned bell cranks.
~ :Édby the weight ofthe user _on the back and»
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