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Патент USA US2126160

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Aug. 9, 1938.
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R. wlsHoN
l
PROPRIETARY CONTAINER 4COI‘ISTRUCTI/ON
2,126,150
Filed Feb. 25. 1955
.
lí Maßen.
Patented Aug. 9, 1938
UNT
sa
2,126,160
PROPRIETARY CÜNTAINER CONSTRUCTION
Ralph Wishon, Chicago, Ill., assigner to Decap
iteau Glass Containers, llnc., Chicago, Ill., a cor
poration of illinois
Application February 25, 1935, Serial No. 7,935
12 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in pro
prietary container construction, the invention be
ing highly desirable for use in connection with
non-reflllable bottles and other containers of
5 glass or other breakable material, although the
invention may have other uses and purposes, as
will be apparent to one skilled in the art.
In the distribution and sale of proprietary
liquids and
compounds,
especially beverage
10 liquors, extreme difficulty has been experienced
in the elimination of the sale of genuine bottles
refilled with an inferior product substituted for
the original contents. Obviously, it is highly de
sirable that the ultimate purchaser be absolutely
15 assured of the authenticity of the bottled bever
age he may purchase. However, illicit dealers of
bottled products frequently acquire authentic
bottles from second hand dealers, refill them with
a substitute product, nearly always inferior in
20 character and oftentimes extremely dangerous to
the consumer, in simulation of the original con
tents of the bottles, restore the external appear
ance of the bottles, and sell the bottles and their
25
contents as original products of a manufacturer.
In the past, many and various types of bottles
and other containers have been developed in an
effort to assure the purchaser of the genuineness
of the article he buys and to check the aforesaid
illicit practice. In most instances, such en
3 ‘ deavors have been directed along the lines of de
veloping proprietary or non-re?illable containers.
These containers were non-reñllable, not in the
literal sense of the word, but the construction
was such that after once having been opened,
35 the original appearance of the container could
not be restored.
The more preferable way of insuring the au
(Cl. 7215-32)
were objectionable in that extraneous instrumen
talities were essential to effect an opening of the
same, and in still ‘other instances, the containers
could not be machine made due to peculiar struc
tural formations, such as interior undercuts.
Present day commercial manufacture of con
tainers for liquid beverages and similar products
for economical reasons demands, as an essential,
that the container be capable of machine manu
facture rapidly and in large quantities.
10
With the foregoing in mind, it is an object of
the present invention to provide a proprietary
bottle or container having a breakable neck por
tion, with means associated in the construction
to insure a clean break.
It is also an object of this invention to provide
a container of the character described herein,
wherein adequate means for the container are
associated with the construction and no extrane
ous implements are essential for effecting an 20
opening of the container.
It is also an object of this invention to provide
a proprietary bottle or container which may be
machine made or manufactured and which ne
25
_ cessitates a mutilation or destruction of the con
tainer prior to the opening thereof.
_
Still a further object of this invention is the
provision of a proprietary bottle or container of
a character requiring a breaking of a part of the
container prior to the opening thereof, and which 30
may be made on standard conventional container
making machines with practically negligible
alterations in the machines.
It is also a feature of this invention to provide
a proprietary bottle and closure construction, the 35
bottle having a breakable neck portion which
must be broken off prior to the opening of the
thenticity of bottled products is to provide such a
bottle, with a cork or other closure member seated
container that the product cannot be removed
in the neck portion and interiorly spaced from
contact with the neck portion immediately ad 40
jacent the region of the break.
container.
Still a further object of this invention is the
provision of a proprietary container having a
breakable neck portion and means associated
therewith for effecting breaking of said portion, 45
and means embodied in the construction insur
40 from the container prior to a definite and perma
nent mutilation or destruction of a part of the
Heretofore, various types of bottles
or containers have been developed with a neck
portion constructed so that a part thereof must
4Ul be broken off before the cork or other closure
member can be removed from the bottle. How
ever, all of these devices of which I am aware
have been subject to certain objections and un
satisfactory characteristics. For example, cer
50 tain of these prior developed containers were so
constructed that it was extremely difficult to
effect a clean break in the neck portion, with the
resultant danger of fragments of glass or other
material being consumed with the contents of
55 >the bottle by the purchaser.
Also, these devices
ing an application of pressure in such a direction
as to effect a ready, clean break.
Still another object of this invention is the
provision of a closure member designed to prevent 50,
the use of a cork screw or similar implement, and
which may be readily or easily assembled and as
sociated with a container.
It is also an object of this invention to provide
a proprietary bottle construction including a 55
2
2,126,160
breakable neck portion containing a cork-like
closure member, which member projects beneath
the line of break of the neck portion in a firm
seating engagement, the construction being such
ment may be in the form of a cord and can be
made of cord such as banker’s cord or of wire,
if so desired. As indicated more clearly in
that after the breaking off of a part of the neck
portion, the closure may easily be removed by'
erably twisted as at 6 and then the ends are se
the fingers of a user.
ber ï. The gripping member normally depends
from the container, as seen in Figures 1 and 4,
and when in use for breaking the upper part of
the neck 2, the element is moved to horizontal
position, as seen in Figures 2 and 5. It will be
noted that with such a construction, a twisting
of the gripping member 'l results in the con
tracting or tightening of the cord around the
While some of the more salient features,
characteristics and advantages of the present in
vention have been hereinabove pointed out, others
will become apparent hereinafter.
ì >
The invention includes these and other fea
tures of construction and combinations of parts
hereinafter described, and shown in several forms
15 in the drawing, as more particularly indicated by
the claims.
On the drawing:
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a proprietary
bottle construction embodying principles of the
20 present invention.
Figure 2 is an enlarged plan sectional view
taken substantially as indicated by the line II-II
of Figure 1, with parts shown in elevation.
Figure 3 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary side
25 elevational view seen from` the left hand side of
the structure shown in Figures 1 and 2, with parts
removed.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary, part vertical sec
tional, part elevational view taken substantially
as indicated by the line IV-~IV of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing
the construction immediately after the breaking
of the neck portion of the bottle.
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 2 illustrat~
ing a modified form of the invention.
Figure 'I is a fragmentary side elevational view,
with parts removed, of a container neck illus
trating another modified form of the invention.
Figure 8 is a fragmentary central vertical sec
40 tional view of the structure of Figure ’7, the view
being taken with the structure disposed in the
same position as seen in Figure 7.
Figure 9 is a fragmentary side elevational View
of the structure of Figure 'l as seen from the
right hand side of Figure '7.
As shown on the drawing:
In the illustrated embodiment of the present
invention, there is seen a container I, shown in
this instance in the form of a glass bottle. It
will be appreciated, however, that the container
may be of any desirable shape or form and made
of any desirable breakable material. The con
tainer is provided with a preferably integral hol»
low neck portion 2 which functions as a mouth
for the container and through which the con
tainer may be filled and the contents removed
therefrom.
The present construction necessitates the
breaking off and removal of the upper part of
GO the neck portion 2 before the contents can be
removed from the container i. To this end, the
neck is provided with a pair of adjacent annular
beads 3 which may be continuous around the
neck portion or made of spaced annular segments
as may be deemed most desirable. Between the
beads 3, the neck 2 is provided with an annular
groove 4 preferably of a V-shape flaring out
wardly and preferably with the walls of the
groove forming an angle of 30 degrees or less.
Disposed within the groove 4 is a flexible tension
member 5 of such a diameter as to lie substan
tially half way in the depth ofthe groove; name
ly, within the confines of the beads 3 and with
a reasonable space between the tension element
„1 and the bottom of the groove. This tension ele
Figure 2, the end portions of the cord 5 are pref
cured in any desired manner in a gripping mem
bottle neck substantially in the manner of a 15
tourniquet.
To aid in applying pressure by means of the
cord 5 in the proper angle to insure a definite,
clean break of the bottle neck, the lowermost
bead
is preferably provided with an integral 20
raised lip àl preferably disposed diametrically op
positely to the twisted portion 6 of the cord. The
inward slope of the upper face of the lip is pref
erably disposed at a less angle from the hori
zontal than the side wall of the groove 4 from 25
which the lip rises. This results in a forcing of
the portion of the cord immediately over the lip
against the upper surface of the groove at a
point opposite the horizontal pressure from the
twist 6. Consequently, when the cord is twisted
by means of the gripping member l, the result~
ant pressure upon the bottle neck is not in a
horizontal plane relatively to the neck but is
slightly at an angle thereto, resulting in a clean,
definite break of the bottle neck.
In the interior thereof, the neck portion 2 is
preferably provided in the upper part with a
relatively large bore S terminating in a down
wardly sloping shoulder lli adjacent the plane
of the groove 1i, the shoulder extending below 40:
said plane and terminating in a reduced bore I l.
With the above described construction, it will
be obvious that the container itself may be read
ily made upon conventional bottle or container
making machines with very slight alterations in
certain parts of the machinery. In the first in
stance, slight alterations in the surfaces of the
molds are sufficient to provide the beads 3, the
groove 4 and the elevated lip 8. The interior of
the neck portion 2 may be readily formed with
the use of a single plunger, and the upper por
tion of this plunger, namely, the part that forms
the bore 9, may have a slight taper if so desired.
Of course, the neck 2 is provided with a suitable
closure. In this instance, the closure is in the
form of a relatively long cork i2 of such a diam
eter as to seat very snugly in the lower reduced
bore Il of the neck. The cork l2 is provided
with a metallic cap i3, preferably of hardened
steel to resist any effort towards removal of they 6.0:
cork by means of a cork screw or other imple~
ment. Depending from the cap i3 is a barbed
prong lái extending deep within the cork to
maintain the cap in position thereupon. This
cap i3 is also provided with a skirt-like flange i5 655
around the periphery thereof, this flange being
of such a diameter as to nicely ñt within the
bore 9 of the neck 2. The neck portion 2 is pref
erably filled with a suitable cementitious sub
stance !6 over the top of the cap I3.
It is apparent, therefore, that the upper por
tion of the cork above the shoulder lll will be in
spaced relationship to the inner wall of the neck,
and such spacing of the cork continues below the
plane of the groove 4. Accordingly, there is no
2,126,160
interior resistance provided by the cork against
the breaking action ofthe cord 5. With the only
part of the closure in contact with the bottle neck
above the point of breakage being the relatively
short skirt portion i5 of the cap, relatively little
twisting of the cord 5 results in a quick, easy
snapping of the upper part of the neck portion 2,
as illustrated in Figure 5.
After the snapping of the upper part of the
10 neck portion, the broken part may readily be
slipped upwardly oiî of the closure member, the>
cord 5 obviously being readily removable after
the breaking, and then the cork i2 may easily
be removed by a user with his fingers. Oi course,
15 the cork may again be reinserted in the remain
ing neck portion as many times as may be desired
during the removal of the contents from the bot
tle, the shoulder it being shaped to facilitate
placement of the corkin the lower bore. I-Iow
20 ever, the original appearance of the bottle or
container can never again be restored so that it
is impossible to :dll the container with a substitute
material and resell the container and its contents
as an original and genuine product.
In Figures 2, 4 and 5, it will be noted that a
.25
recess il may be provided in the beads 3 to re
ceive the twisted portion 6 of the cordä if such
is deemed necessary.
In Figure 6, I have illustrated a slightly modi
.30 ñed form of the invention wherein all of the
3
means for the end of the rod I8 are provided in
the form of` a conical recess 24 fronting in the
space 2l between the ends of the beads Ztl. When
it is desired to open the container, it is a simple
expedient to raise the gripping member 'I up- ¿
wardly to a horizontal position, as seen in Figure
5, whereupon the end of the rod i8 will be` cen
tered by the recess 2d to one definite point. With
a relatively intimate fit in the groove adjacent
the point of contact of the rod, and a relatively 10
loose ?lt in the groove in the opposite side of the
container neck, a twisting of the gripping mem
ber 7l results in a very clean break of the neck.
The structure shown in Figures '7, 8 and 9 may
be utilized with the: cork l2, cap i3, barbed prong 15
ill, and sealing means i6 above 4described and in
the manner above described, if so desired. How
ever, in some instances it may be desirable to
utilize two separate corks with a container em
bodying principles of my invention. In Figure
8, I have illustrated how two corks may be used,
and it will be understood that these corks may
equally as well be used with any of the embodi
ments of my invention herein shown and de
scribed.
25
In Figure 8, an upper cork 25 is disposed in
the top portion of the neck. This cork is pro
vided with the cap I3, barbed prong M and skirt~
like portion l5, as above set forth herein. I-Iow
ever, the cork does not extend through the length ,30
of the bottle neck, but terminates just above the
breaking region. Another cork 25 of any de
sirable kind is disposed in the bottle neck below
the breaking region, leaving an open space 2l
previously described construction is incorporated.
In addition, a rod-like element i8, preferably of
metal, is mounted in the gripping member l so
as to project radially towards the bottle neck.
This rod i8 may be secured in the gripping mem » within the neck in the plane of the line of break. 135
ber in any desired manner, such as being molded When the neck of the bottle is snapped, the upper
therein.
portion of the neck together with the cork 25
Upon a twisting of the gripping member to
is thrown away and the lower cork 2t may be
gether with the cord 5, the rod I8 is urged in
removed by means of a cork screw or in any other
40 Wardly and contacts the bottle neck at a point
suitable manner, depending upon the nature of 40
substantially opposite to the raised lip 8, thereby the cork. The cork Z6 may be replaced as and
applying the major portion of the pressure at when desired consistent with the usage of the
two points on opposite sides of the bottle neck, contents of the container.
insuring a clean, positive break. It will be seen
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that
I have provided a novel proprietary container 45
J 45 that the contact of the rod I3 against the bottle
neck 2 will prevent an immediate contact of the
cord 5 with the neck in the region of the rod,
thus giving what is practically a point pressure
contact to aid in the breaking action.v
In Figures 7, 8 and 9, I have shown still an
1 50
other form of my invention. This form of the
invention includes the general principles of the
forms previously described herein but embodies
a more specialized construction directed towards
1155 the provision of even a cleaner break of the con
tainer neck. In this instance, a container neck
i9 is shown provided with a pair of spaced and
complementarily formed beads 2o which extend
substantially around the neck except for a space
2| (Figure 9) for the accommodation of the
breaking means.
The beads of course provide a
groove therebetween, and in this instance this
groove is not V-shaped as is the groove li pre
viously described herein, but is preferably provided with a substantially flat bottom and is
larger upon one side, as indicated at 22, than
upon the opposite side, as indicated at 23. The
part of the lgroove 22 provides more than ample
room for the breaking cord 5, while the part 23
70 of the groove is preferably of such a size` that
the cord 5 will more intimately ñt therein.
The cord 5 together with the gripping member
'l and rod I8 are of substantially the same con
struction as hereinabove described.
75
As seen best in Figures 8 and 9, centering
construction which necessitates a mutilation of
the container prior to the removal of the con
tents therefrom, the mutilation being a quick,
clean and deñnite breaking of a portion of the
container neck. It will be further noted that 50
a container embodying principles of the present
invention may be readily manufactured upon
conventional container making machines with
extremely little alterations in parts of the ma~
chinery, and it will also be noted that with the 55
material portion of the container neck broken
off, the original appearance of the container can
not be restored. If the container is again i'llled
with some inferior substitute product, the re
maining neck portion is so short that a pur
chaser exercising even a most casual degree of
caution would not be deceived. It is furthermore apparent that the present invention is sim~
ple in construction, highly eñicient in operation 65
and economical to manufacture.
I claim as my invention:
l. In a proprietary bottle construction, a bottle
including a neck portion having a groove in the
external surface thereof, closure means for said 70
bottle seated in said neck portion and extending
below said groove, and a flexible member loosely
carried in said groove and contractible to snap
said neck portion adjacent the line of said groove,
said flexible member carrying a projecting mem 75
k2,126,160
.-ber for point contact. with said neck portion when
Ethe flexible member is contracted.
Y
@2.,In a proprietary container construction, a
`container having'a recess therein to define a
»line of. break,i a tension member seated in said
trecess and'contractible to apply breaking pres
sure tosaid container, vand a structural forma
Ition on-said'container adjacent said recess Yto hold
aportion of said member out of a plane normal to
9:10 V-s’aid container during operation of the member.
5.53. LIn a proprietary container construction, a
container having a groove therein defined by
.sloping walls to establish a line of break, a ten
~>sion member disposed. in said groove and having
lthe Aprotruding end portions thereof twisted to
permit breaking pressure to be applied to the con
tainer by further twisting said end portions, and
a portionhaving a face of different slope extend
»ing out from'a wall of said groove.
4.”In a proprietary container construction, a
-20
container`having a groove therein deñned by
‘sloping walls to establish aline ofV break, a ten
sion member disposed in said groove and having
ythe »protruding end portions thereof twisted to
-L25 permit breaking pressure to be applied to the
>container by'further twisting said end portions,
and aportion'having a face of diiferent slope eX
~`tending out from a wall of said groove substan
tially diametrically opposite to said twisted end
430
portions.
-5. In a
.container
`a `line of
container
proprietary container construction, a
having a structural formation defining
break, a tension member around said
adjacent said line, a gripping member
member for endwise Contact with the container
upon contraction of said member.
8. In a proprietary container, a container hav
ing a structure deñning a groove at least par
tially therearound to define a region of break, a
ñexible and contractible member around said
container. and seated in said groove, said groove
being of such size and shape that said member
Vrests easily in the bottom of the groove, and a
formation on said container of such shape and 10
location as to hold a portion of said flexible mem
ber out of a plane normal to the major axis of
said container while said member is being oper
ated.
.
-
9. In a proprietary container, a container hav 15
ing a neck portion having an interior shoulder
formation separating a bore of larger diameter
on the outer side of said formation from a bore
of smaller diameter on the inner side, a closure
tightly fitting in the smaller bore and being loose 20
in the larger bore, a metallic cap having a skirt
depending over a part of said closure in the
larger bore, said larger bore tapering inwardly
to a diameter less than that of the cap skirt, and
a formation on the outer side of said neck por
tion defining a region of break below the skirt of
said cap.
10. In a proprietary container, a container hav
ving a neck portion with an inwardly tapering bore,
a closure tightly ñtting an inner part of said bore
and being loose inthe outer part, a metallic cap
on said closure having a depending skirt in the
larger part of said bore, a structure on said neck
»portion defining a region of break wherein the
internal diameter of said neck portion is less than "35
~35 vholding the ends of said member for twisting said
,member tobreak said container, and a rod-like _. the diameter of said cap skirt.
element projecting from said gripping member for
li. In a proprietary container, a container hav
ing a neck portion with an inwardly tapering bore,
vendwise contact with the container when the ten
a closure tightly fitting an inner part of said
sion member is twisted to insure a clean break.
bore and being loose in the outer part, a metallic:
U40 - 6. In a proprietary container construction, a
container having formations thereon defining a cap on said closure having a depending skirt in
the llarger part of said bore, a structure on said
«groove whereat the container may be broken,
vneck portion deiining a region of break wherein
means in said groove contractible to apply break
ing pressure, a rod-like element associated with
the internal diameter of said neck portion is less
than the diameter of said cap skirt, said region. 45
- said means Íorendwise contact with the container
of breaking being above the tightly fitting part of
“when said’means are contracted, and said con
Vtainer- also having a formation therein shaped to ysaid closure, and means carried by said neck por
guide the end of said element to a deñnite point tion to cause a breaking thereof.
.to insure the proper application of breaking pres
12. In a proprietary container construction, a
container having a structural formation deñning 50
sure.
V'7. `In a proprietarycontainer, a container hav
a line of break, a tension member carried by said
ing a-structure deñning a groove at least par
container and Vcontractible to cause a breaking
tially therearound` to denne a region of break, of said container adjacent said line, and a pro
jecting element extending inwardly from said
a iiexible and contractible member around said
tension member and adapted to contact a small 55
container and seated in said groove, said groove
being of such size and shape that said member area of said container along the line of break
rests easily in the bottom of the groove, said thereof whereby said element will start a breaking
container'having different inside diameters, an of said container when said tension member is
inner shoulder between said diiîerent diameters contracted.
RALPH WISHON.
disposed to one side of the plane of said groove,
60
and a rod-like element carried by said flexible
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