вход по аккаунту


Патент USA US2126196

код для вставки
Aug. 9, 1938.
Original Filed April 16, 1929
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
K”??? @3 42/! 2.64515 \9
§ 2
Y 4
3 4 Invenia 2's .
2-, .
2w 5, . , 37%,
11%, y-Jm/dznjys.
Aug. 9, 1938.
Original Filed April 16, 1929
3 Sheets-Sheet 3|
Inve?zo 8's :
Patented Aug. v9, 1938
> 2,126,196
Robert H. Lawson, Pawtucket, and Arthur N.
Gloutier, Lonsdale, R. I., assignors to Hemphill 7
Company, Central Falls, R. L, a corporation of
Application April 16, 1929, Serial No. 355,559
Renewed June 23, 1937,
6 Claims. (01. 66-107)
This invention relates to mechanism for and
method of effecting changes in plating.
_ In order that .the principle of the invention
may be readily understood, we have in the ac
as'so-called sinkers or web‘holders. Herein'the
reverse plating is effected in lines, bands, blocks,
dots or other areas which are of precisely the in- '
5 companying drawings disclosed one embodiment
tended width. That is to say, by the mechanism
and method of our invention, we are able, to make
of means constituting said mechanism and will
describe the best manner known to ‘us for prac
reverse. plating of precisely a single needle or
tising the method of the invention. ,
In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is ‘a plan view of the sinker cam ring of
a circular knitting machine, the cap being re:
moved to show the three pathways for instrumen
talities hereinafter referred to;
Fig. 2 is a vertical central section of the con
15 struction shown in Fig. 1;
Figs. 3, 4 and 5 represent vertical transverse
sections taken through the sinker cam ring and
the upper end of the needle cylinder and show
ing one of the needles and the sinker or web
20 holder pertaining thereto, and also a jack pref
needle wale in width, whereas heretofore it ‘has
been exceedingly di?icult to make reverse plating
lines or areas of a single needle‘ or single needle
wale in width. We are also able to make reverse 10
plating areas of any precise number of needle
wales that are desired. In the present invention,
we employ a ' special instrumentality for each
' needle so that the entire series of needles has
associated therewith a corresponding number of
We have shown the invention as applied to a
circular knitting machine of independent needle _
type, such,’ for example, as at Banner machine of
erably employed therewith, said three ?gures rep
the general; form disclosed in U. S. patent to 20
Joshua D. Hemphill, No. 933,443. .The needles
resenting diiferent stages in the loop or stitch
formation for normal plating;
Figs. 6, "(and 8 are views corresponding to Figs.’
are desirably latch needles and are preferably
operated in ‘usual manner, and two yarns are
25 3, 4 and 5 but representing corresponding posi
tions of the needle in stitch formation for reverse
fed thereto in plating relation, preferably as
shown in the said Reissue Patent. No. 16,584, and
the tension is applied desirably to- the same thread
> or yarn as is disclosed in the said reissue patent,
and the other yarn or thread is fed either with
of three needles and sinkers therefor employed out tension or with a markedly less tension. Al
Fig. 9 is a perspective view on an enlarged scale‘
so in e?ecting normal plating at each 'ofsaid needles
and for the sake of clearness'representing the
parts as widely laterally spaced; '
' Fig. 9a represents in side elevation the three
needles shown in Fig. 9 with the two yarns within
.35 the hooks thereof;
Fig. 10,is va view similar to Fig. 9 but represent
ing reverse plating as occurring at each needle;
Fig. 10a represents in side elevation the three
needles shown in Fig. 10 with the two yarns
40 within the hooks thereof;
though our invention is not limited to the appli
cation of tension to the yarn or thread‘disclosed
as the tensioned one in said reissue patent, we‘
preferably so apply the tension that the -'white'
yarn (indicated in Figs. 3 and 6 as the lower
yarn in the'hook of the needle) is the tensioned 35
yarn, and the upper or black yarn being fed with
out tension or markedly less tension.
der is indicated at i and the sinker cam ring bed
‘ is/indicated at 2.
Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 9 but represent
ing normal plating as occurring at the ?rst and
third needles and reverse plating as occurring
at the second or middle needle; and
Referring ?rst to Figs. 1 to 8, the needle cylin-,
The needles 3 are located for 40
usual sliding movement in the/grooves 4. The
sinker gain bed is provided with usual radial
grooves in each of which is a single sinker only,
as indicated at 5v in the several ?gures.‘ Beneath
each sinker in the same groove therewith is lo 45
Fig. 11:: represents in side elevation the three
needles shown in Fig._ 11 with the two yarns.
cated a jack 6 having lengthwise sliding move- _
‘within the hooks thereof. '
ment independent of that of the sinker.
In the reissue patent to Robert-‘H. Lawson, No. _ As shown most clearly in Fig. 1, the sinker cam
16,584, dated April 5, 1927, there is disclosed, ring is provided with three pathways, namely,>the
50 means for e?fecting reverse plating by the action» . outer pathway ‘I in which travel only the butts
8 of the jacks 6, the intermediate pathway 9 and
', ofvcasting off mechanism, whereby striping ex
tending ‘lengthwise the, hosiery or‘ other knitted the innermost pathway Ill. The butts 8 of the
“article is eiiiected,v Herein we have disclosed jacks ,6 travel either in the pathway ‘I or_ the
means for e?ecting reverse plating through the
action vof‘special instrumentalities, herein shown
pathway 9 according to the control of the said
jacks in a-manner similar to the control of‘ the 55
so-cailed diagonal or dial or jacquard Banner plating occupies a position further in radially
than does the same sinker at the same location
machines by which instrumentalities in the na
ture of jacks act according to the desired pattern - when normal plating is to occur thereon.
Each of the sinkers 5 of the entire series is
to leave the instrumentalities in an outer path
way or to advance the same to an inner pathway. shaped as shown in Figs. 3 to 8 inclusive. Each
In the present mechanism at the point’ l0’ is of the full width of its sinker groove and rests
upon its jack 6 which is also of the full width
shown in Fig. 1, or at the point ‘diametrically op
posite thereto, means in the nature of sliding of that groove. Each sinker is provided with the
lower nib 21 which may be of usual construction,
jacks act upon the predetermined butts 8 of de
10 sired jacks 6 to move them slightly inward, so that and above the same and suitably spaced there
they will travel in the intermediate pathway 9. from it is provided with a nib 28. The upper edge
Jacks 6, which are not so acted upon by said other, 29 of said nib 28 slopes upwardly as indicated,
to a point 30, and outwardly beyond the point
sliding jacks, are left to travel in the outer path
way I. A type of means for effecting the selection 30 is a narrow downwardly extending throat 3|
above which is the upper nib 32, the extreme top
15 of instrumentalities by sliding jacks is disclosed
in the pending application of Lawson and Lawson, of which upper nib slopes downwardly and out
Serial No. 145,512, filed November 1, 1926, Patent wardly as indicated at 33, and below the nib 32
is a downwardly and outwardly sloping and pref 1,897,130.
Any suitable pattern means may be provided
The two yarns indicated at T and NT respec 20
tively are introduced in a plating relation prefer
ably in the manner disclosed in the said reissue
patent to Lawson, No. 16,584, the lower yarn,
shown as white, being the tensioned yarn and
plating effected, normal plating occurring upon
the upper yarn shown as black, being the non
all the other needles.
As shown most clearly in Fig. 1, the inner path
way In is relatively wide in a direction radial to
the needle cylinder, at H, which. is bounded at
30 the inner side by a part of the cam l2 and at
erably concaved guiding edge 34.
pathway; such pattern means would act in ac
cordance with the predetermined pattern so that
only at the needles whose jacks 6 are guided or
moved into the intermediate pathway 9 is reverse
20 to direct desired jacks 6 into the intermediate
tensioned yarn. The front incline 29 of the
sinker 5 insures the pressing of the tensioned
yarn T inwardly against the needle shank 3 so
as to insure the continuation of normal plating
up to the very needle wale where reverse plating 30
the outer side by the cam end l3 of the almost . is desired. The inclined throat 3| sloping down,
completely circumferential guiding formation H. as shown, is provided mainly to get the stitches
The guidingedge I5 of the cam I2 is succeeded back down to the level which the incipient
stitches had when at the front or ‘inner end of the
in a contraclockwise direction by the sharply out
wardly sloping edge I6 terminatingvat a point [1 slope 29 of the sinker 5; ‘that is, to get the top 35
beyond which in a contraclockwise direction is
the inwardly sloping edge I8. We have indi
cated the knitting point at l9 and the casting
off point at 20. The inner edge of the cam end
40 I3 is slightly curved as indicated at 2| and ex
tends inward to a point 22 circumferentially be
yond which, as indicated at 23, the formation ll
slopes outwardly, being succeeded by a concentric
edge extending about the greater part of the se
45 ries of sinkers.
In Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are shown the positions of
the sinkers 5 and jacks 6 during normal plating,
and it will be evident that the shoulder 2| mm
is provided upon each jack 5 in advance of its
butt 8 never comes in normal plating in contact
of the loops back down to the normal lower knit
ting level, at which the loops would have been if
the sloping edge 29 were not provided but had
been level or ?at instead of wedge shaped.
In normal plating the loops remain below or in 40
front of the upper nibs 33 as is evident from
Figs. 3, 4 and 5, and also from Fig. 9; but in re
verse plating the loops of both threads pass onto
the top of the nib 32 and down the back edge
of the same and the back edge of the sinker, as 45
is evident from an inspection of Figs. 6, 7 and 8
and of Fig. 10.
The purpose of the invention is to obtain re
verse plating at the precise desired needle wale
or wales, to make (if desired) a reverse plating 50
with the outer end 25 of the stem or tail portion
of its sinker 5. Each sinker is provided with a
stripe, asingle needle wale only in width, and in
stantly to return to normal plating; that is, in
by the guiding edge of the pathway at that point.
pending application ?led by Lawson and
Serial No. 172,331, ?led March 3, 1927,
disclosed a jack having a nib generally
nib 32 and by which reverse plating is
' ~butt 26 which during normal plating is against accordance with the invention we have provided
the outer edge of the pathway II and hence each > means whereby the reverse plating areas are pre
cisely determined or limited or outlined. In a co 55
55 ‘sinker is in its outermost position as determined
Therefore, normal plating occurs upon each
sinker unless it is moved inwardly at some point
by engagement of the shoulder 24 of the jack 6
60 with the end 25 of the corresponding sinker 5.
During normal plating the butt 8 of every jack 9
is in the outer pathway 1.
An inspection of Figs. 6, 7 and 8 showing the
position of the parts for reverse. planting dis
closes that the butt I of the jack 6 for reverse
plating has been brought into the intermediate
pathway 3. Therefore, at a suitable point, the
shoulder 24 of that jack contacts with the end
70 25 of the corresponding sinker 5 and gives the
said sinker a slight inward movement that would
not be imparted by the outer guiding edge of the
inner pathway II.
This is evident from an in
spection of Fig. 6, and a comparison of that ?gure
75 with Fig. 3 discloses that the sinker 5 for reverse
there is
like the
but in the construction shown in that application
the reverse plating is of va two needle width be
cause means are not provided to restrict the same
to a single needle wale.
In other words, accord
ing to said prior application, following reverse
plating the two yarns are left to, return to normal 65
plating because of their natural tendency to do
so, and it requires the width of the'next succeed
ing needle wale to accomplish this or permit it to
result. In the present invention, however, the
reverse plating may be of a single needle width or
wale only, and the yarns are compelled to return
to normal .plating for the very next needle wale.
Of course, the reverse plating areas may be of any
desired number of needles or wales in width, but
whatever the width, normal plating is permitted 75
to begin only upon the precise desired needle
cordance with our invention, we reverse only on .
wale and iscompelled to end upon the precise de
sired needle wale, whether such reverse plating
the side away from the knitting point.
be one needle wale in width or more than one
needle wale in width.
It is obvious from an inspection of Figs. 6, 'l,
8 that not only are the two threads reversed in
position so that they move down the downwardly,
outwardly inclined edge 34, but that the stitch is
The hump de?ned by the point 30 on each
sinker raises the edge of the sinker over which
the yarns are drawn as by the needle 0, Fig. 11,
which hump thus acts upon the yarns by engag
ing 'them before reversal of the yarns in the
hook of the needle B’ by the adjarent sinker (in
termediate sinkenFig. 11) can effect reversal of
the yarns in'the book of the needle C.
Summarizing the preceding description: re
10 cast off at the lower part of said inclined edge.
Referring to Figs. 9 to 11 inclusive, we have
verse plating is eifected at . a needle wale by
shown in- said ?gures perspectively, three succes
causing yarns to be drawn over the downwardly
sive needles and their sinkers. In Fig. 9, the nee
dles are indicated at A, B and C respectively, and ‘and outwardly inclined edge of a sinker as by
the needle BY’ over the intermediate sinker of 15
15 are accorded the same designation in Fig. 9a.
In Figs. 9 and 9a, it is to be understood that Fig. 11, and normal plating is effected by causing
normal plating only occurs. and it is to be also a needle such as the needle C, Fig. 11, drawing
_understood that the knitting point is about one yarns over the downwardly and inwardly inclined
and a half to two needles further to the left view-_ edge 29. The outwardly and downwardly in
clined edge on the intermediate sinker, Fig. 11, 20
i ing Fig. 9 than is the needle C,
In Fig. 10, wherein reverse plating only occurs, causes the yarn to ride up' the'bill side of the
the three needles are designated A’, B', C’, and hook whereas the downwardly and inwardly in
obviously they may be the same identical needles‘ clined edge 29 causes the yarns to‘ ride up the
indicated at A, B, C in Fig. 9 in subsequent courses shank side of the hook of the needle C, as a con
25 of the, work, or they may be another group of sequence of which the yarns are relatively r'e 25
three needles. The said needles A’, B’, C’ are versed in positio‘n in their respective needle hooks.
The raised edge provided by the incline 29, serves
similarly designated'in Fig. 10a.
_ In Fig. 11 there are designated three needles the additional function of engaging the yarns
A, B’, C, and it is to be understood that normal and binding them in cooperation with the hook
plating occurs upon the needle A, that reverse of the needle as the needle 0 before they would
otherwise be engaged and bound if the hump
plating occurs upon the needle B’, and that nor
mal plating occurs upon the needle C. Said nee-' were not present in which-case the reversal
' of the yarns by the needle B’ drawing the yarns ‘
dles are similarly designated in Fig.‘ 110..
In the present. disclosure, and referring to a over the outwagdly and downwardly inclined edge
needle at which‘ reverse’ plating is to occur, we of the intermediate sinker would cause the yarns
do not turn or change from normal plating'to , likewise to reverse in the hook of the, needle “C.
It is to be understood that the stitch or loop is
reverse plating ‘by the sinker on the side of the
needle which is nearest the knitting point, but we not loosened at the wale or wales ‘where reverse
turn the yarns only by the sinker‘ on the other ' plating occurs. There is no perceptible looseness
side of the needle, namely, the side furthest from of the stitches or loops in the wale or wales where~ 40
the knitting point. Thus we obtain a one needle . in reverse plating occurs‘ in accordance with our
line of reverse plating or exact line of reverse
plating of any desired width. This is effected
In Fig. 911 we have indicated at the needle B
the upper edge of the nib 2d of the ‘sinker 5, thus
because the two yarns are bound at the side of
the sinker in question, nearest the knitting point.
The binding occurs between the hook of the nee
dle and the inclined edge 2% of the sinker thereof
whereat normalplating is returned to, That is
to say, if reverse plating is to occur only on the
50 needle B’ (Fig. ii) the binding will occur between
the needle C and its own sinker t at the inclined
edge 29 thereof. Reverse plating is effected at
the inclined edge 3d of the sinker of the needle
B’ and occurs at the near side of that edge view
indicated inFig. 11, the yarns are knitted by the
needle C in a normal plating relation and the
‘yarns are knitted by the adjacent needle B’ in
a reverse plated relation, thus the normal‘ plat
ing by the needle 0 is not disturbed. by the re
verse plating in the stitches knitted by the nee
dles B’ which follows (in the knitting cycle)‘ the
needle C in a process of knitting. This action‘
65 occurs whatever the width of the reverse plating
stripe or area whether the width be one needle
wale or a plurality of needle wales, and a similar
binding action occurs at the needle and its sinker
55 ing the sinker of the needle B’ in Fig. 11.
just anterior to the needle whereat reverse plat—
70 ing is to begin or whereon it is to occur if it be
upon a single needle only. Heretofore when re
verse plating has been attempted by a sinker or
instrumentality on a single needle only, it has
been attempted only on the side nearest the knit?
75 ting point (with respect to that needle). In ac
indicating the sloping or wedging vedge 2d and
the downwardly sloping throat ti, and in Figs.
10a and lid at the needle B’ we have indicated
the back sloping edge of the sinker at Ml.
Having thus described certain illustrative em
bodiments of the invention, it is to be understood
that although specific terms are employed, they
are used in a generic and descriptive sense, and
not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the
invention being set forth in the following claims.
We claim:
1. In ‘a knittingmachine of the independent
needles type, a series of needles, means for feed
ing two yarns thereto in a plating relation, a sinker
like special instrumentality for each needlemov
able transversely of the needle series, and having
an edge formation cooperating in e?ecting re
verse plating, a,jack located in the same groove
as and beneath each instrumentality, and means
to move said jacks-thereby to move the desired
instrumentalities to cause the edge formations "
thereof to co-act in effecting reverse‘ plating, in
combination with means for controlling the
needles and special instmmentalities to effect the
knitting of normal plating.
2. In a hitting machine of the independent. 70
needle type, a series of needles, means for feed
ing ,two yarns thereto in a plating relation, a.
sinker like special instrumentality for each needle
movable transversely of the needle series, said in
.strumentalities and needles actini; to bind the
threads so that reverse plating occurs only at the
actual needle or needles whose instrumentalities
are moved transversely a distance in'excess of
the normal movement required for normal plat
ing, each of said lnstrumentalities having at its
forward part a binding edge for the threads and
having a top nib, over the top and down back
of which at least one of the threads passes in
reverse plating, and a jack for each such instru
10 mentality, and means to move said lacks so as
thereby to move desired lnstrumentalities in ei
fecting reverse plating.
3. A method of knitting plated areas including
feeding two yarns to the needles of a knitting ma
15 chine in a plating relation and effecting the knit
ting of stitches, causing lnstrumentalities 00operating with the needles to ‘eifect a reversal of
the yarns at one or more of the wales knitted by
the said needles, and causing an adjacent instru
mentality next in advance of a needle whereat‘
reversal of the yarns is not to occur, to act upon
the yarns by engaging them before reversal of
other instrumentality acts upon the yams to pre
vent reverse plating e?ected by the last men
tioned instrumentality from causing reverse plat
iing to be eifected at the wale knitted by a needle I
located between the said last mentioned instru
mentality and the instrumentality in advance
5. A knitting machine having independent
needles and cooperating lnstrumentalities for ef
fecting the knitting of plated stitches, the instru 10
mentalities being constructed to effect normal
plating at some wales and reverse plating at other
wales, the construction and operation of the said
lnstrumentalities being such that reverse plating
is e?ected at a wale where the plating relations 15
of the threads are governed by one of the said
lnstrumentalities and, at a wale knitted immedi
ately prior to the knitting of the wale ?rst men
tioned, a second‘ instrumentality having a rela
tively raised portion engages the yarns and 20
thereby prevents the reverse plating e?ected by the
?rst mentioned instrumentality extending beyond
the yarns by the adjacent instrumentality in, the , the wale effected in the direction of the second
direction of yarn supply can effect reversal of mentioned instrumentality.
6. A method of knitting plated areas including
the yarns at the said needle whereat reversal of
ing two yarns thereto in a plating relation, a
feeding two yarns to the needles of a knitting
machine in a plating relation and effecting the
knitting of stitches, causing lnstrumentalities co-'
operating with the needles to e?ect a reversal of
sinker like special instrumentality for-each needle
movable transversely of the needle series, whereby‘
the said needles, and causing an adjacent instru
the yarns is not to occur.
4. In a knitting machine of the independent
needle type, a series of needles, means for feed
normal plating occurs upon the needles whose
said instrumentalities are moved transversely a
the yarns at one or more of the wales knitted by
mentality next in advance of a needle whereat
reversal vof the yarns is not to occur, to act upon
normal distance and reverse plating occurs upon . the yarns‘ before reversal of the yarns by the
the needles whose said lnstrumentalities are adjacent instrumentality in the direction of yarn
moved transversely a greater distance, said in v supply can effect reversal of the yarns at the said
strumentalities having reverse-plating restrict
needle whereat reversal of the yarns is not to
ing formations-to engage the yarn or yarns each
of some of the said lnstrumentalities being so
40 ‘arranged. and controlled that one of the said in
strumentalities immediately in advance of an
Без категории
Размер файла
886 Кб
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа