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Патент USA US2126214

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Aug» 9» 1938“ \
V
H. J. SCHELHAMMER
2,H2,M
COMB
Filed Jan. 6, 1958
‘
-
w
oRNEYS
2,126,214
Patented Aug. 9, 1938
‘UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
COMB
Herman J. Schelhammer, Whitestone, N. Y., as
signor to American Hard Rubber Company,
_ New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application January 6, 1938, Serial No‘. 183,611
6 Claims. (Cl. 132-11)
The invention relates to an improvement in
combs, and more particularly in hair dressing
combs.
Hair dressing combs, as heretofore constructed,
5 have comprised a longitudinally-extending back
provided with teeth projecting outwardly from
one edge of the back. The teeth may be ,all of
the same. or of various sizes. The larger teeth
are designated “coarse” teeth and the smaller
teeth are designated “?ne” teeth. The spaces be
tween the teeth are usually substantially of the
teeth.
teeth.
hereinafter and particularly pointed out in the
appended claims.
These combs have usually been put out
' posed partly of coarse teeth and partly of ?ne
teeth, the group or bank of coarse teeth being
usually of substantially the same length as the
20 group of ?ne teeth. It is commonly known that
the combs composed entirely of coarse teeth last
or wear much longer than the combs that are
composed entirely of ?ne teeth, and that in the
case of the combs composed of both coarse and
2 a ?ne teeth the coarse teeth are not so easily broken
as the ?ne teeth. In spite of the frequent break
age of the ?ne teeth the demand for combs pro
vided with such teeth is heavy and they are sup
plied to the trade, but at the same time there has
30 been a growing protest against the easy breakage
of the ?ne-teeth combs. Such combs are usually
composed of hard rubber, although it has been
proposed to produce combs composed of metal
45
55
60
prising a group of coarse and a group of ?ne
same width as the thickness or width of the
on the market in three forms:-.—(‘1) those com
posed ‘entirely of coarse teeth; (2) those com
posed entirely of ?ne teeth; and (3) those com
40
case of combs as heretofore constructed since they
are protected by the relatively coarser teeth; the
desired results in hair dressing may be obtained by
the use of a single comb and Without the necessity
of reversing the comb in the hand of the user;
and also by gradually varying the width of the
teeth and the spaces between them throughout
the length of any one group of teeth, there is
avoided the sharp line of demarcation which is so
noticeable in combs of former construction com 110
and ‘also of the derivatives of cellulose materials.
Although metal combs and combs composed of
cellulosic materials are in considerable demand,
hard rubber combs are the chief requirement of
the trade.
Whether a comb provided with only coarse teeth
or with only ?ne teeth, or with both coarse and
?ne teeth shall be used depends upon the results
desired in the dressing of the hair and partly upon
the quantity and ‘relative coarseness or ?neness
of the hair. According to the results desired a
coarse toothed comb may be used ?rst and there
after a ?ne toothed comb, or the coarse toothed
end of a comb having both coarse and ?ne teeth
may be used ?rst and then ‘the comb reversed in
the hand of the user and the ?ne teeth used.
In the comb of the present invention there may
be a single bank or group of teeth or 'a plurality
of groups of teeth. In each group, whether the
comb comprises only a single bank or group of
teeth or a plurality of groups, the teeth all vary
gradually or progressively in width, and also the
spaces between the teeth, from one end of the
group to the other. By thus arranging the teeth
of the group or groups, I obtain several novel
results in the use of hair .dressing combs:-—-The
?ne teeth are not so likely to break as in the
The invention is more fully described
In the accompanying drawing illustrating the I
preferred form of the invention, Fig. 1 is a side
elevation of one form of comb embodying the in
vention, Fig. 2 is a top plan of the comb shown
in Fig. 1, and Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are diagrammatic
side elevations of modi?cations of the improved 20
comb.
The teeth of the comb produced according to
the principle of the present invention may vary
in width or thickness and the spaces between
the teeth may vary in width, gradually or pro "25
gressively from one end of the comb to the other,
such comb being shown in Fig. 1; or according
to the results desired in the dressing of the hair,
the teeth and the spaces between them may vary
progressively in each group of a plurality of
groups comprising the teeth of the comb. For
example, the teeth at both ends of the comb may
be relatively ?ne and gradually increase in width
to the middle of the comb, or the teeth at both
ends of the comb may be relatively coarse and
decrease in width to the middle of the comb, or
again a comb may have groups of teeth at more
than two points thereon, the teeth of each group
and the spaces between them being of gradually
or progressively different widths.
4.0
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 1,
the comb illustrated comprises a longitudinally
extending back or quill 1 having a group of spaced
teeth extending outwardly from one edge and at
each terminal a transversely-arranged heavy or
relatively coarse guard tooth 8. The hair dressing
teeth 9 of this comb gradually or progressively
decrease in width from the relatively coarse teeth
designated at I0 at the left hand end of the comb
to the relatively ?ne teeth designated at H at the
right handend of the comb, and the spaces be
tween the teeth also vary in width, that is to
say, each succeeding tooth from the left hand end
of the comb decreases in width to the right hand
end of the comb and the spaces between the teeth
decrease in width from the left hand end of the
comb to the right hand end of the comb. By
means of this arrangement of the teeth of the
comb several novel results are attained.
In the
?rst place a single comb can be used to produce 60
2
2,126,214
as with the present forms of comb having both
coarse and ?ne teeth the same results, but in an
improved and more advantageous manner, since
there are gradations in the widths of the teeth
intermediate the coarsest and the ?nest teeth. In
the next place the ?ner teeth are to a large
extent protected against breakage by gradually
increasing their width from the ?nest tooth adja
cent the right hand guard tooth, and in the third
10 place, the comb presents a more pleasing ap
pearance, since the teeth gradually vary in width
and in spacing from one end of the comb to the
other without the sharp break or line of demarca
tion which is so obvious in the present style of
15 comb in which one-half of the comb is composed
entirely of the coarser teeth and the other half
of the comb is composed entirely of the ?ner
teeth, all of the coarser teeth being of substan
tially the same width and spacing and all of the
20 ?ner teeth being substantially the same width and
spacing.
'
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 3,.
the relatively coarse teeth l3 are placed at each
end of the comb‘ and they as well as the spaces
25 between them gradually or progressively decrease
in width to the middle of the comb, indicated by
the relatively ?ne teeth M. In this form of comb
it is not necessary to reverse the position of the
comb in the hand of the user in order ‘to secure
30 the results in hair dressing to be obtained from
the alternate use of relatively coarse and rela
dressing may be attained by varying the arrange
ment of the differently sized teeth according to
the effects desired. And moreover, by gradually
varying the widths of the teeth and the spaces
between them a long bank of relatively ?ne teeth
is avoided and therefore the liability of breakage
is correspondingly obviated. This results in giv
ing combs having ?ne teeth a much longer period
of use than it has been possible with such combs
as heretofore constructed, especially those com 10
posed of hard rubber or similar material which
when in a state of ?ne subdivision may be easily
broken.
It will be further understood that according to
the principle of the invention it is not necessary
that each tooth be either larger or smaller than
the next preceding or succeeding tooth, the es
sence of the invention being that in any group
of teeth there is in either longitudinal direction
a gradual or progressive increase or decrease of
width of teeth and the spaces between them.
For example, two or three, or even more, teeth
of a group or bank may be of substantially the
same size followed by a similar group of larger
or smaller size, the group of teeth as a whole 25
varying gradually or progressively in size from
one end to the other.
Having thus described the invention, what I
claim as new is:
1. Ina hair dressing comb comprising an elon 30
gated back, a group of teeth extending outwardly
tively ?nelteeth, or the results which may be‘ from one edge of said back, said teeth being all
obtained by the use of teeth intermediate in size of different widths from one end of the group to
between the coarsest teeth and the ?nest teeth. the other.
35 These same results can be obtained by use of the
2. In a hair dressing comb comprising an elon
comb shown in Fig. 4 in which the ?nest teeth gated back, a group of spaced teeth extending
l5 are located at the two ends of the comb and outwardly from one edge of said back, said teeth
the coarsest teeth l6 are located at the middle and the spaces between them being of progres
of the comb, the teeth at both ends of the comb sively different widths from one end of the group
40 and the spacing between them gradually increas
to the other.
4,0
ing in width from the ends of the comb of the
3. A hair dressing comb comprising an elon
middle thereof.
gated back and a group of teeth extending out
In the modi?ed form of the invention shown in wardly from one edge of said back, each tooth
Fig. 5, the comb is provided with a plurality of of said group being of different width from its
groups of teeth, each group including both rela
next preceding and from its next succeeding
tively coarse and relatively ?ne teeth decreasing tooth.
progressively in width from the coarsest teeth to
4. A hair dressing comb comprising an elon
the ?nest, or conversely, increasing in size from gated back, having at each end an outwardly ex
the ?nest to the coarsest. In the illustration there tending relatively coarse guard tooth, and a group
are eight such groups, but it is obvious that there of spaced teeth extending outwardly from one
may be any predetermined number of groups de
edge of the back and located between the guard
pending upon the length of the comb and the re
teeth, said teeth and the spaces between them be
sults to be attained in the dressing of the hair. ing of progressively different widths from one
The relatively coarse teeth in these groups are guard tooth to the other.
indicated at 18 and the relatively ?ne teeth are
5. A hair dressing comb comprising an elon
indicated at l9. In this form of the invention
especially, the ?ner teeth are protected against
breakage by the adjacent groups of relatively
coarse teeth.
From the foregoing description taken in con
nection with the accompanying drawing, it will
be apparent that novel results have been pro
duced in hair dressing combs. The ?rst is the
fact that a comb provided with both coarse and
?ne teeth has been produced in which there is
no sharp division between the coarse and ?ne
teeth, but a gradual change in the size of the
teeth imperceptible to the eye which greatly en
hances the appearance of a comb in which both
70 coarse and ?ne teeth are desired. It will also
be apparent that numerous novel effects in hair
gated back having at each end an outwardly ex
tending relatively coarse guard tooth, and a
plurality of groups of spaced teeth extending
outwardly from one edge of the back and located
between the guard teeth, the teeth of each group 60
and the spaces between them being of progres
sively different widths from one end of the group
to the other.
6. A hair dressing comb comprising an elon
gated back, and a group of spaced teeth ex
tending outwardly from one edge of said back,
said teeth and the spaces between them progres
sively increasing in width from one end of the
group to the other.
70
HERMAN J. SCHELHAMMER.
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