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Патент USA US2126317

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Aug. 9, 1938.`
s. EssERMAN
2,126,317
SLIDE OPERATED FASTENER INSTALLATION
Filed NOV. 17, 1937
âme/YM
Öqmde/ Esser/27a”,
2,126,317
Patented Aug‘. 9, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT ‘or-‘FICEVV
_
2,126,317
,
SLIDE OPERATED TFAsTENEa
INSTALLA
IoN
,
Samuel Esserman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application November 17, 1937, Serial No. 175,161
5 Claims.
(Cl. 24-205) ‘
The invention relates particularly to closing
articles of apparel made of such materials as furs,
knitted goods or other fabrics which have more or
less long, exposed ñlaments such as hairs or
threads. The invention may also be of use to
attach together the edges of such materials wher
is proposed to use separable slide operated fasten
ers of usual or standard types. One of the de
stantially 'abut each other and their filaments
or hairs cross and interlock atv their meeting
edges. On the lining or inner side of the mem
terrents to the employment of such fastening
bers IU and II are fastened the usual tapes I2 10
means with materials such as indicated has been
and I3 carrying at their edges separable fastener
members I 4 and I5. The separable fastener
ever they occur or are useful.
1
For this purpose it
that the exposed or projecting filaments whether
ythey be hairs or threads tend to become entangled
with the slide member or the fastening elements
or both.
This ordinarily causes _deterioration or
injury to the fabric by disturbance, dislocation
2
and binding of the ñlaments. Another or addi-l
tional inconvenience in such installations lies in
the fact that the filaments, whether hairs or
threads, when engaged by the fastening elements
or the slidingmembers tend to interrupt the op
eration of the mechanism. It frequently is nec
essary to stop the movement of the slide member
for instance, and reverse it so as to free the fila
25 ments and then carefully hold them out of the
path of the lslide and the fastening members.
This is a considerable inconvenience and has re
sulted in a limited use of slide fasteners in con
nection with such materials.
30
having long extending threads or filaments. - Fig.
4 is a transverse vertical section through such a
construction as Fig. 3, the sliding fastener oper
ating member being indicated in position.
l
As indicated in Fig. 1 the fur members IIJ and
II may be, if desired, so placed that they sub
,
The present invention has to do with avoiding
these defects and inconveniences. It has been
discovered that it is possible to employ separable
fastening means of the slide operated type with
such materials if there is interposed between the
35 material to be fastened and the sliding member
some means for turning the edges and the pro
jecting ñlaments of the materials to be fastened
away from the sliding member. This may be ac
complished in numerous ways such, for instance,
40 as applying a free edged intermediate member
» which shall be ñexible but of suñicient stiifness
to be itself moved or lifted by the sliding mem
ber and at the same time lift and push out of the
way the overlying material which is` to be fas
45 tened. In some instances it is found especially
convenient to make the exposed edge of the in
termediate member corded to add strength to it ‘
and give it the necessary operating characteris
tics.
.
,
»
50 . In the accompanyingdrawing Figure-1 is a frag
mentary plan view of a portion of a closure of fur
or furlike material. Fig. 2 is a transverse verti
cal section on the line 2_2 of Fig. 1. Fig. ,3 is a
fragmentary plan View of closing mechanism ap
65 plied to such material as woolen knitted goods
members are operated to open and close by the
usual sliding member I6 provided with a thumb
tab or handle n. interposed between the tape l2 15
and the material I0 is a longitudinal member I8
which may extend outwards over the fastener
members `Ill and also extends over and lies upon
the sliding member I6. At its upward edge the
member I8 may be corded as at I9. A similar 20
member 2|) which may be corded at 2| is similarly
inserted between the tape I3 and the material I I.
The material I0 and II is here illustrated as ex
tending partially over the cord members I9 and
2| although when desired it may be extended 25
over and may actually overlie the cord members .
I0 and 2|, thus extending over the slide memberI6. Such an arrangement may be bulky, how
ever, and may tend to forma bunchy meeting line
for the materials I0 and II. Even when these 30
materials are set back slightly as indicated in
Fig. 2 the loose filaments or hairs ,22 and 23 on
the lrespective members I0 and Il may overlap
and. interlock when the device is closed so as to
more or less eiîectively conceal the separable fas- 35
tener members I4 and I5. While this may be a
desirable arrangement it is not essential to the
present invention. At the adjacent edges of the
members I0 and II the filaments or hairs 22 and
23 being arranged helter-skelter and not in order- 40
ly fashion may and generally do extend or droop
or fall into or against the separable fastener mem
bers I4. and I5 and may thus be engaged by them
as well as by the sliding member IB.
Such ar
rangement might normally4 interfere with the op- 45
eration of the fastening mechanism but the mem
bers I8 and 20 are moved and lifted by the under
lying slide member I6 andthe members I8 and
20 in turn lift the adjacent edges of the mem
bers I0 and I I and so push or throw the ñlaments 50
or hairs 22 and 23 up and away from the fastenermembers I4 and I5 and more or less out of the
path of the sliding member I6. The members I8
and 2U are flexible but sufficiently stiff or semi
-rigid to cause the materials III and I I to be lifted 55
2
2,126,317
interlocking elements and the edges of the sheet
material, and a pair of longitudinal strips secured
between the sheet material and the tapes and
overlying a portion of the engaging members and
or raised away from the fastening members
slightly in advance of the sliding member I6 so
that the hairs or filaments are pulled out of po
sition to be engaged by the closing fasteners and
likewise out of position to be engaged by the slid
ingmember I6. This lifting or clearing opera
a portion of the slider so that the filaments are
kept from engagement with the interlocking ele
ments.
2. In combination with the adjacent edges of
tion may be aided by cording or otherwise spe
cially stiifening the edges of the members I8
and 20 while still leaving'` them suiiiciently flex
10 ible for operation. There may be thus formed
around the sliding member I6 a small tent-like
flexible sheet material having fur-like filaments
projecting from at least one surface, a pair of 10
structure by the members I8 and 20 being lifted
at the contact of the sliding member I6 and grad
ually tapering off in >advance thereof to contact
15 with the> separable fastening members I4 and I5.
At this point in advance of the sliding mecha
engage and having a portion slidable between the
tapes one secured to each edge of the material
and carrying interlocking elements, an operating
slider for causing the elements to engage and dis
interlocking elements and the edges of the sheet
material, and means between the sheet material
and the tapes and overlying at least a portion of
nism there is a clear free portion of the separable
fastener members substantially entirely free from
filaments from the members I0 and I I. The yslid
20 ing member is thus always free to move without
interference or obstruction by the filaments 22
and 23 and the separable fastener members I4
and I5 at. the point where they are joined or
connected are likewise substantially free from
25 contact with or interference by the filaments 22
and 23 which are thus kept from being entangled.
the slider so that the filaments are kept from en
gagement with the interlocking elements.
3. Means for fastening adjacent edges of flex 20
ible sheet material having fur-like filaments pro
jecting from at least one surface comprising a pair
of tapes adapted to be secured one to each edge of ,
the material and carrying interlocking elements,
to be attached and they are illustrated in con
an operating slider for causing the elements to 25
engage and disengage and having a portion
adapted to slide between the interlocking ele
ments and the edges of the sheet material, and
means adapted to lie between the sheet material
and the tapes and to overlie at least a portion 30
of the slider so that the filaments are kept from
engagement with the interlocking elements.
4. Means for fastening adjacent edges of flex
ible sheet material having fur-like filaments pro
jecting from at least one surface comprising a 35
pair of, tapes adapted to be secured one to each
nection with fabrics 23 and 24 the edges of which
edge of the material and carrying interlocking
are set somewhat back from each other and which
may be provided with shorter threads or hairs
ments to engage and disengage and having a
In Figs. 1 and 2 an effort has been made to i1
lustrate the invention applied to joining pieces
of fur or other materials which have fairly long
30 hairs or filaments and in which the hairs or fila
ments in the closed position may substantially
hide or conceal the underlying closing members.
In Figs. 3 and 4 the closing members are illustrat
ed as so arranged as to more or less clearly ap
35 pear between the edges of the members which are
elements, an operating slider for causing the ele
portion adapted to slide between the interlocking 40
elements and- the edges of the sheet material, and
a pair of longitudinal strips adapted to lie be
tween the sheet material and the tapes and to
40 such as may occur in knitted articles or'the like.
Intermediate members |80, and 20a. are here il
lustrated as tapes of more or less rigid but some
what fiexible material which have suflicient in
herent strength to perform the desired function
45 without corded edges.
In the claims the clause “flexible sheet material
terlocking elements.
5. Means for fastening adjacent edges of flex
having fur-like ñlaments projecting from at least
one surface” is employed to indicate fur or knitted
goods, or fabrics, or other materials having fairly
50 long hairs or filaments.`
overlie at least a portion of the slider so that the
filaments are kept from engagement with the in 45
f
The invention is not confined to the specific
matter illustrated and described but may be em
bodied in other forms.
I claim as my invention:
55 .1. In combination with the adjacent edges of
flexible sheet material having fur-like filaments
projecting from at least one surface, a pair of
tapes one secured to each edge of the material
and carrying interlocking elements, an operating
60 slider for causing the elements to engage and dis
engage and having a portion slidable between the
ible sheet material having fur-like filaments pro
jecting from at least one surface comprising a
pair of tapes adapted to be secured one to each 50
edge of the material and carrying interlocking
elements, an operating slider for causing the ele
ments to engage and disengage and having a por
tion adapted to slide between the interlocking
elements and the edges of the sheet material, and
a pair of longitudinal strips having a corded free
edge and adapted to lie between the sheet ma
terial and the tapes and to overlie at least a
portion of the slider so that the filaments are kept
from engagement with the interlocking elements.
SAMUEL ESSERMAN.
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