Патент USA US2126448код для вставки
Aug" 1938. c. c. CAMPUS 2,126,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed’ July 51, 1934 '7 Sheets—-Shee‘t l 1 NVENTOR. ; [MmM/m Aug- 9, 1938.. c. c. cAMPus $126,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed July 51, 1934 7 Sheets—$heet 2 IN VENTOR. Aug. 9, 1938., c. c. CAMPUS 2,126,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed July 31, 1934 7 Sheets-Sheet 3 ,20' ,10 /52 z/////// 1 A55 “I5 \24 /a2 fza \\ \\ \\\ ngvENToR. Aug“ ,. 1938“. ‘ c. c. CAMPUS ~ 29126,,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed July 51, 1954 // 5 - /4 M Z/ 45 J /42 l‘, /9' / 37 A I 7 Sheets-Sheet 4 4‘ 2 I‘ ‘ 8 I 5 20 29 I / i ‘ //VVENTUR /36 ‘ Aug. 9, 1938. Q C_ CAMPUS I 2,126,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed July 31, 1934 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 /Y/ (h v I ,4: -67 1" r/////X / / (60 INVEN TOR. gmmw Aug. 9,, 1938. c. c. CAMPUS ‘$126,448 CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS I Filed July 51, 1934 7 Sheets-Sheet 6 %Z/////////////////////////// 3% i\ n8 V//A| r//// HVVENTOR Aug. 9, 1938. c. c. CAMPUS 2,126,448 _ CONTAINER HOUSING FLUSHING APPARATUS Filed July 31, 1934 ‘T Sheets-Sheet 7 /2O /l 75 / 000000 L 89 \66 /9/ _\, 7 /_ 2,126,448 Patented Aug. 9, 1938 umrso STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,126,448 CONTAINER . HOUSING’ FLUSHING APPARATUS Cesare C. Campus, Santa Monica, C‘ali?, as signor to Paul A. Campus, Santa Monica, Calif. Application July 31, 1934, Serial No. 737,715 34 Claims. ,‘This invention relates to.,a tank or container able funnel or a like. contrivance is provided, as by suitable means. for the purpose of housing therein, a flush valve and other accessories, such after described, which has answered the purpose under the most severe conditions,‘ when this in vention was reduced torpractice and tested, thus 5 proving that it is possible to obtain a 100% si phon-proof flush valve under the most severe conditions above described. (bl) Noisy ?ushing.—To eliminate this, the water is throttled by the control valve; this 10 in one ‘piece with a closet bowl, or attachedtoit ' shown in the appended drawings, and herein as an air chamber, or a pressure reducing valve, or a strainer etc. or all, for thepurpose of elimi 5 mating the various inconveniences resulting at present in the use of ?ush valves in combination with a closet bowl, and to convey any leakage or 10 exhaust from any or all of the said contrivances housed therein, into the bowl, as hereafter de scribed. (a) Danger of back-siphoniny.-There is no flush valve at present on the market that can be considered 100% siphon-proof; in fact, even a very small passage caused by corrosion, or by some matter lodged under the piston valve caus ing a leak of only. about a gallon per minute, if vacuum occurs in ‘the: supply pipeline, back-si phoning will occur, no matter what type of vac is; withdrawn simultaneously when the flush valve is operated, otherwise it will fail to work. However, a pressure reducing valve could be used to eliminatev this inconvenience, but there 15 is not always an adequate place where it can be installed. , An appropriate place would be in the wall, within easy access for inspection or repairs, but in very ‘few-cases the possibility for such a with sufficient volume of air to break the vacuum rational, arrangementpresents itself, but .a tank 20 or-container, housing a pressure reducing valve will solve the problem in the neatest and most practical manner. (0) Failure to ?ush-To obtain a quiet ?ush ing. when the pressure in the main is too high, in the supply pipeline; in fact, the largest air in let that I know of, is only 1/8" diameter; where ducing theopening of the control valve, but if uum breaker, or any otherv such contrivance is used in ‘combination with a flush. valve» Inde pendently of the practicability of such appa ratuses, ?ush valves are at present not supplied as to be efficient, an air inlet must be of the same diameter as the inside diameter of the supply pipeline, and must also be suitably located. A flush valve can be considered 100% siphon-proof only when back-siphoning does not. occur when the valve is operated under the following condi tions, namely: When the piston valve is completely open; When no siphon breaker, no. check-valve or any other such contrivance is used,_and Whether or not the valve is in good working order. 4.0 method is satisfactory as long as no other water . . This invention answers to all these requisites in .full by means and in the manner hereinafter described. . . .A. container, the interior of which is kept, in constant communication with the atmosphere by means of an opening thereon,‘ ‘housing a ?ush valve, without the usual tail piece that connects said flush valve to the bowl and conveys the ?ush water into it, thus leaving an air space. between the top of the bowl and the outlet of the flush valve. Under such conditions it is obvious that it will be physically impossible for a vacuum of any intensity and duration to raise a drop of water from the bowl, thus positively preventing back-siphoning. To prevent the Water from spilling, but to convey it all into the bowl, a suit say 90 lbs- the water is suitably throttled by re said 90 lbs. pressure-drops to 20 lbs., and the flush valve is operated, the bowl will not flush; of course not for lack of pressure, but, because the 30 reduced passage in the control valve is not su?i ciently large to allow the full volume of water obtainable at the 20 lbs. pressure. In fact a flush valve will ?ush a bowl even at a water pressure as low as 10 lbs. 'if the full volume of Water at this pressure is available. This incon venience-can be eliminated by a pressure re ducing valyehoused in a tank, which will always give the full volume of water physically possible, at any pressure to which it has been regulated, unless thepressure in the main drops below that at which the pressure reducer is set. , (d) . Hammeringr-This inconvenience is at present also eliminated by throttling the water with the control valve; however, an air chamber, 45 housed in the tank, ,will better answer the pur pose. A pressure reducing ‘valve can also be used, because hammering ‘never occurs at low water pressure; thus it can be seen that the three inconveniences described in paragraphs 1), c, and 50 d, can all be prevented by the same medium, namely by a pressure reducing valve. This tank or container differsfrom the ordi~ nary flushing tanks at present in use, as it is operated from the side instead of from the front, 55 2 2,126,448 and it does not contain the ?ushing water, but collects all leakage and the exhaust from the auxiliary valve, and conveys them into the bowl, and in combination with the other members This mechanism practically substitutes the usual tail piece which conveys the water into the bowl. Said member i5 is provided at the upper end with ports I6 for the air supply for the free ?ow housed therein, prevents back-siphoning, noisy ing of water from the outlet of ?ush valve 9, and ?ushing, hammering, and failure to flush, in the at the lower end is provided with screen l8 to manner above described. reduce the noise of the ?owing water; also to The foregoing objects and advantages with my keep ring [9 in position and to facilitate the re subsequent features that may be developed in moval thereof. Cover 20 of tank or container, 10 the description, may be best appreciated from. a . .when removed, allows free access to the appara description read in conjunction with the drawings tus, and by unscrewing caps 21 and 22, an in in which? spection of the parts can be made, and new parts Fig. 1 represents an elevation back-view of the substituted, if necessary. Slip-joint supply con apparatus, partially in section. duit 23 is connected to member I0 by nut 24 Fig. 2 represents an elevation back-view par 15 and the lower end to hub 25 of bowl l2 by bolts tially in section of another form of the inven 26. When auxiliary valve 29 is operated, the tion. exhaust water from dash-pot M discharges into Fig. 3 represents a fragment of the elevation the tank through openings 30, located one at each side-view in section on line A-F of Fig. 2. side of the valve shell; rubber gasket 3| is to pre Fig. 4, represents a fragment of an elevation vent leakage and to give flexibility, thus pre- _ back-view, partially in section of another form of venting possible breaking of the parts when they the invention. are assembled, in case of imperfections. All the Fig. 5 represents a plan view of Fig. 4. foregoing described characteristics of members Fig. 6 represents a fragment of an elevation I0, H, M, [5, l8, and I!) are a part of this in side-view in section, on lines a—-b—c-—d of Fig. 5. vention, as they all cooperate with the tank to Fig. 7 represents a fragment of an elevation obtain the wanted result, namely; elimination back-view of another form of the invention. of back-siphoning, to obtain air constantly under Fig. 8 represents a plan view of Fig. '7. the undersurface of auxiliary valve 29, and to Fig. 9 represents another form of the invention prevent spilling of water from the container to 30 when the flush valve is not housed in the tank. the floor. The construction of my invention shown in The major characteristics of ?ush valve 9 are Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, '7, 8, and 9, inclusive, is as not here described, as they form the subject of follows: patent pending application Ser. No. 725,438, ?led ‘i, in Fig. 1 represents a tank or container in May 14, 1934. combination with a closet bowl, housing a flush Fig. 2 represents another form of a tank or ing apparatus; this form eliminates back-si container, housing a ?ushing apparatus. This phoning, allows the air constantly under the form has the same prerogatives as the forms undersurface of auxiliary valve 29 and the water illustrated in Fig. l and described above, but discharging therefrom and any leakage from the differs inasmuch as it has an air chamber 21 ?ushing mechanism is collected in the tank and to prevent knocking, and tank 1 is lower and conveyed into the bowl. Ori?ce A is to allow extension 32 is higher, thus creating two con 40 the water from the flush valve to enter the rim tainers R and S. Container R substituting funnel through passage C and into the bowl, through I4, shown in Fig. l and container S housing air perforations under said rim, and with ori?ce chamber 21, provided with conduit 28, protrud 45 B to allow the leakage collected by the tank to ing downwardly to prevent the air therein from drop into the bowl through passage B and per escaping, thus preventing hammering; one end 45 forations under the rim. Said tank is also pro connected to supply pipeline 8—2, the other end vided with port E to connect ?ush valve 9 with to ?ush valve 9 by nipple 31; this valve does not operating handle 8, which protrudes outside the differ practically from the ?ush valve 9 shown in tank to operate said ?ush valve, and to allow the patent pending application Ser. No. 725,438, ?led air to enter the tank; port F to allow supply May 14, 1934. Operating handle 8, extension ll, 50 pipe 8-2 to be connected to ?ush valve 9, and conduit ID are for the same purpose, and practi to also allow the air to enter said container, jet cally the same as shown in Fig. 1 and described supply conduit I0 carries at the top end, ex above. Passages C, D and ports E and F are of 55 tension ! i, which in combination therewith forms the same character and for the same purpose as a bolt-like member to fasten tank 1 to bowl [2 those shown in Fig. 1, but ori?ce B shown in Fig. by tightening nut l3, the other end of exten 1 is substituted by annular space T formed by the sion H carries ?ush valve 9 protruding at one inside wall of container S and the outside diam side; this arrangement eliminates the'spud and eter of air chamber 27. Ring i9 is kept in posi 60 tail piece which usually connect the flush valve tion by member 15 provided at the upper end 60 to the bowl, thus leaving a space between the out with air inlet I6 to ease the flow of water from let of the valve and the top of the bowl. It is the flush valve, and at the lower end is provided obvious that this non-continuity of conduit from with screen 18 to minimize the noise of the flow the valve to the bowl positively eliminates back ing water, practically the same device as shown 65 siphoning under the action of vacuum of any in Fig. 1. Cone Ill-2 forms an annular space intensity or duration. Funne1 l4, inserted into in combination with member i5 which prevents C: U ori?ce A is for the purpose of preventing the over?ow from container B owing to the onrush water from over?owing, and to convey the same of the air therein, and also allows the water into the bowl; this is obtained in combination collected in the tank, to be conveyed through 70 with the bowl, provided with suitably sized pas said annular space into the bowl practically in sage therein and proportionally sized perforations the same way as the annular space T formed by under the rim to prevent back-building of the air chamber 21 in combination with container S. water, and in combination with member I5 ex Fig. 3 is a fragment of an elevation side-view, tending downwardly to a suitable depth, obtains sectioned on line A-F of Fig. 2, showing the 75 the inrush of air, thus acting as an injector. side structure of bowl l2, tank '1 and cover 20 3 2,126,448‘ thereof, and only the mechanism Structure of the complete‘ jet supply conduit,'~consisting of» which the-motive power oflthe vacuum can draw extension l! which in combination with conduit pollution back into the watersupply. it? ‘forms a bolt-'like‘me'mber which connects tank l‘?rmly to bowl [2, by means of nut l3, and .jet ‘supply conduit ‘23 connected to member Ill with Fig. 5 is a plan view of Fig. 4, showing a frag ment‘of bowl l2 and tank '5,- more clearly show nut 26, and the lower end which carries nozzle‘ 3-3, is connected tohub‘ 25, protruding from bowl, by means of bolts 26, as shown in Fig. 2; rubber 10 gasket 3i and packing 35 are to prevent leakage and to give flexibility, thus preventing‘breaking of the parts in case of imperfections thereof, when they areassembled and fastened together. This Fig. 3 shows more clearly the disposition of passages C, B, and K through which the scour~ ing and re?lling water is conveyed into the bowl. Fig. 4 represents another'form of the invention, showing the tank or container housing a pressure reducingvalve and a strainer, besides a ?ush‘ 20 valve. ‘ ‘This form, in addition to being 100% siphon proof, as the ‘other forms in Figs. '1 and 2, also eliminates the necessityof throttling the control to‘pass- through‘the rim ports of the bowl, from ing the disposition of the various mechanism housed‘therein, namely: ?ush valve 9 carrying offset ‘5ll,*au-xilia-ry valve mechanism 45 attached thereto ebyslip-jointiconduit tube 42 and nuts 43 and‘ strainer 38' attached to pressure reducing over?owa'to enter the’ tank. ' ‘ Fig. 6 is an elevation view on lines A--B--C——D of Fig. 5, which‘showsa fragment of bowl H in one piece with tank 1, which, instead of conveying the exhaust or leakage from the housed mechanism into, the bowl from the inside of the tankyconv‘eys said‘leakage‘ from the ‘outside of valve, which is customary in the prevention‘of the .tank,fthrough port 59 and guided by ‘ribs 25 knocking, or of noisy flushing, and from which 60, and being located above the level of the upper method derives the failure of flushing, more spe ci?cally described in paragraphs 22,0, and d, also the pressure reducing valve eliminates the knock ing of the water without the use of an air cham 30 ber, as shown in Fig. 2. This form shows tank ‘I in one piece with bowl it, a pressure reducing valve 36 of an ordinary type, connected to ?ush valve 9 by nipple 3'! and to strainer 38 by nipple 39; this strainer isprovid ed at the lower end with water supply 8-~2 enter~ ing tank ‘I through opening G, provided with leak proof slip-joint 4U; outlet 64 is connected by nipple 39 to ‘pressure reducing valve 3%, as more clearly shown in Fig. 6. Flush valveQ is of an ordinary the tank or container.‘ This view shows clearly the construction of strainerapparatus 38, show ing‘ clearly the. water supply conduit 8---2 dis~ 3.0 charging into ‘conduit ‘6| travelling upwardly and entering strainer, 62, from which the water, free of any matter, enters chamber 63, which is pro- vided ‘with outlet‘ 64 (shown in dotted line to facilitate the reading ‘of this drawing, but the 35 real position is shown in Figs. 4 and 5), con nected to pressure reducing valve lit by means of nipple,39,. ;Cap 65, when removed allows strainer described; nevertheless it has some characteristics of its own, namely: shown ,inFig. 4; : three-cycle type that carries a separate jet con trivance, as shown in Figs.‘ 1, 2, and 3, and above . ' . (a) Auxiliary valve mechanism 4'! is separate from the body of flush valve 9, and is carried by strainer 38 and. connected to valve 9 by slip~joint tube £52 and nuts 63, and is operated by ordinary handle mechanism 8 connected thereto, through perforation E on the tank 1. , " Fig. 7 is another form of the invention, showing 45 a small fragment of bowl l2 in one piece with tank 1: , Thislform has the characteristic of two separate air inlet contriva‘nces to prevent back siphoning; one is formed'by ‘tail piece 10, pro vided’ with air ports 46, carrying at the. top ex 50 (11) Seat M; of piston valve 45 ‘is elongated downwardly, thus forming ‘a sleeve, which in co operation With the lower end' of valve shell 9, provided with air ports 46 will act as an air injector, either when the ?ushing water rushes through thus. preventing spilling, or, under the the shell- of valve 9, provided with conduit 69, discharging-‘the air under the undersurface of 55 piston valve 45, and the undersurface of auxiliary action of the vacuum, in case it occurs in the valve 29 is also exposed and for the same purpose supply pipeline, thus preventing back-siphoning. as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 4, and‘above described. This will allow the ‘air to enter freely into dash pot chamber M, thus preventing piston valve 60 (.0). Outlet M for the ?ushing water is located atone side of the ?ush-valve shell, carrying mem ber 46 to convey the water into bowl i2 through spud 69. and . opening 5!}, carried by bowl l2. ~Said member 48 is provided with ?ange 5!, which is connected to ?ange 52 carried by spud member tension 1l,‘-the top end of‘ which is connected to ?ush valve 9 and the other is formed by air inlet '68, located above the ‘former one, and on from opening under the action of the vacuum, as speci?cally describedin Fig. 4, ‘paragraph d. The exhaust from valve 29 through the open bottom '51 ofhauxiliary valve mechanism 4| drops into 69, held ?rmly together by bolts 53, thus forming tank ‘1 and passing through opening 59 located 65 the conduit which substitutes the usual tail piece that conveys‘ the flushing water into the bowl. Bolts?ii are suitably disposed to fasten or un ‘is conveyed into the bowl. fasten them. I , ‘ (d) The water from dash-pot M discharges into the tank when auxiliary valve 29 is‘ operated by handleil; this disposition of auxiliary valve mech 75 end of the bowl, in case this overflows, the Water from the bowl will be prevented from entering 62 to be taken out by‘ handle 66, to clean it from any matter caught therein. Annular offset 40 51 from’ the shell of the strainer is‘to hold aut~1~ ilia'ry valve 41', provided with conduit’ 42 and nuts 43,’to be connected‘to ?ush valve 9, as more clearly 40 piston type, and of course is not the same as the 70 10 valve 38 connected to ?ush valve by nipple 3i. Perforationsl58 on, bowl 12 are the usual means to‘ attach the‘ toilet seat to the bowl. Opening 59 and ribs 6b are to convey any water that has been collected in the tank, into the bowl. This type prevents ‘any water from the bowl, if it above upper end of bowleand‘ guided by ribs 68 In“ substance, this form shown in Fig. 7 is for In fact, the‘ container housing 'a ?ush valve, provided with ‘the same purpose as'the other forms. contrivances‘ to prevent back-siphoning, and the anism allows the air to enter the ' valve when aininlet thereof is also supplied from the inside of the tank, by means of ports or perforations under the action of vacuum directly from the atmosphere, instead of as in‘ordinary flush'valves thereon; it also housesan auxiliary valve mecha nism;- thei‘discha-rge of leakage therefrom is also 75 4 2,126,448 collected by the tank, and conveyed therefrom into the bowl, and ?nally the ?ush valve is op erated by handle mechanism protruding outside the tank. Fig. 8 is a plan view of Fig. '7 showing tank 1, complished by the device as shown, economically and without complications, and by having re duced to practice said invention, the advantages a small fragment of bowl I2 formed in one piece with tank or container 1. It clearly shows the themselves, it is therefore my intention to include all such forms and modi?cations of my inven tion that come within the range and scope'of the invention, as expressed in the appended 10 claims. What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is: disposition of the flushing apparatus, water sup ply conduit 8—2 entering from one side of the 10 tank, and connected to flush valve 9, which car ries the auxiliary valve mechanism 4| operated by handle 8, protruding from the tank, and port 59 to allow any water dropping into the tank, to be conveyed by means of ribs 60 into the bowl. Fig. 9 shows container 1 housing a contrivance 15 to prevent back-siphoning, almost similar to the one shown in Fig. 1, formed by funnel I4, inserted and ?tting tightly into member 13; the top end of funnel I4 carries member 14, provided 20 with air inlet 15, and conically shaped extension described herein have proven to be real facts. Obviously, other forms will readily suggest C1 1. In a water closet having a bowl, means for directing water into said bowl, and a tank sur rounding said means and having a passage in constant communication with the bowl whereby any ?uid in the tank will drain into the bowl. 2. In a water closet having a bowl, a tank, a 16 receiving tail-piece member ‘I1, extending conduit connecting the bowl and tank, means for admitting air into the tank, means for admitting air from the tank into said conduit above the downwardly at a suitable depth into extension water level in the bowl, and a ?ush valve dis 16, thus forming annular space 18, and injector like contrivance to allow the air to rush in under 25 the action of the onrush of the water from flush valve 9, thus preventing the water from over ?owing from the funnel. Tail piece 11 is pro vided with ?ange ‘I8 and ports l6, and is threaded to receive ?anged nut 19 to tighten tail-piece 30 11 in position, which at the upper end carries flush valve 9, and is provided with air inlets 8|], to supply air to the inside top of tail piece 11, to allow the water to flow freely from outlet 8| charging into the conduit, said valve having its discharge end in the tank above the maximum level that can be attained by the water in the 25 bowl. 3. The combination with a toilet bowl having a ?ushing valve therefor, of a housing for said ?ushing valve, said housing being provided with means for directing any water accumulating in the housing into said toilet bowl, and separate means for discharging ?uid from the flush valve into the bowl. Control valve 82 is connected to 4. In a water closet comprising a bowl and a the water supply, the other end is connected to 35 ?ush valve 9 by nipple 83; handle 8 is to operate the ?ush valve; 20 is the cover of the tank, to which is fastened the flush valve by ?ange 18 and nut 19, provided with packing 81; nut 85 is 40 provided under the undersurface with three ribs 88, thus forming three spaces large enough to ?ushing valve therefor having means associated therewith for directing ?uid from the valve into the bowl, the combination with a housing for said of ?ush valve 9. convey all the water collected from any source by the tank, into the bowl, through annular space 89 and port holes 90, by tail-piece 9|, the lower 45 end of which is connected to the bowl; the air supplied into the tank, enters from ports 92 lo cated in any suitable place'on the tank. This form of the invention does not differ from the others, except that the flush valve is not housed in the tank, but it houses the mechanismprevent ing back-siphoning, which receives the air supply from the inside of the tank, entering through openings suitably located on the walls of said tank. To allow the water to ?ow freely from 55 the outlet of the flush valve into the bowl, the air also is provided from the inside of the tank, same as in the other types above described, and ?nally, any leakage dropping into the tank is collected by the same, and conveyed into the 60 bowl, the same as in the other forms of the in vention. This tank can vbe of the ordinary type at present in use, and therefore, can be fastened to the wall; old tanks can also be used by making on them the required perforations for the parts 65 that have to be attached thereto, or housed there in._ The ?ush valves at present in use, none of which are 100% siphon-proof are made relatively safe by means of vacuum breakers and check valves, but when used in combination with this 70 apparatus, as shown in Fig. 9, all types of ?ush ing valves are made 100% siphon-proof without the aid of any of the above mentioned, unreliable contrivances. From the foregoing description, it will be seen 75 that the purpose of my invention has been ac flushing valve, said housing being provided with means for directing any water accumulating therein into the bowl. 5. In a water closet having a bowl, the combi nation of a ?ushing valve therefor, means for directing fluid from the valve into the bowl, and other means for collecting leakage from the valve and directing it into the bowl. 45 6. In a water closet having a bowl, the combi nation of a ?ush valve discharging into said bowl, an auxiliary valve for controlling operation of the flush valve, means for operating the auxil iary valve to permit the ?ush valve to open, a 50 housing for said valves, said auxiliary valve hav ing an outlet discharging into the housing, and means for directing ?uid from the same into the bowl. 7. In a water closet having a bowl, a tank L above the bowl, a flushing valve housed in the tank, said tank having an opening therein com municating with the bowl, and being vented to atmosphere, means for directing fluid from the valve into the bowl, the discharge end of said CO valve being sufficiently above the maximum level that can be attained by ?uid accumulating in the tank to permit air to be drawn from the tank into said valve discharge upon occurrence of vacuum in the supply line. 8. In a water closet having a bowl, a tank, a ?uid conduit passing through the tank and dis charging into the bowl, means for admitting air to the tank and from the tank into the conduit above the bowl, and means for directing any ?uid 70 accumulating in the tank into the bowl. 9. In a water closet having a bowl, a tank hav ing an outlet communicating with the bowl, a flushing valve, means within the tank for direct ing ?uid from the valve into the outlet from the 75 5 2,126,448 tank, said means being. vented tov atmosphere above the level of the bowl, and means for direct ,ing'?uid accumulating in the tank into the‘ bowl. 10. In a’ water closet having a bowl, a tank, a ?ushing valve for the bowl having a supply line communicating therewith, ‘ means within the open communication at all times with the bowl, ‘said discharge outlet of the valve having a io raminated discharge member. > ' 19. In combination with a water closet bowl, a housing, water supply means within said housing "ca for ?ushing. the'bowl, and ?ush water conducting tank for breaking a vacuum in the supply line, said tank having a passage in constant com means from the housing to the bowl in‘communi munication with the bowl to drain any accumu lation of ?uid therein into the bowl. additional open passage communicating with said bowl for draining water from the housing into the .1 O 11. In a water closet having a bowl, a ?ushing valve therefor, a housing for the valve,.an auxil iary valve controlling. operation of the ?ushing valve and means forconstantly supplying air to 15 the lower face of the auxiliary valve from said housing. cation with the housing, said housing having an bowl. ‘ ‘20. In combination with a Water closet bowl, a receptacle, a valve controlled water supply means in said receptacle, a jet supply means for the bowl connected to said valve, water supply means , ‘12. In a water closet having a bowl, a supply for the rim of said bowl in open communication with said receptacle and means for‘ providing line therefor, a strainer and pressure reducing open communication between the interior of said valve- in said supply line, a ?ushing valve receiv ing fluid from the reducing valve, an auxiliary receptacle and the atmosphere; said receptacle having. an additional unobstructed connection .20 . valve communicating with the ?ushing valve and controlling operation of the same, a housing for said strainer, reducing valve, flushing valve and auxiliary valve, said housing communicating with In ‘CA the‘bowl, whereby any leakage accumulating in the tank will drain into the bowl, and means for operating the auxiliary valve. 13. In a water closet‘ a bowl having a rim and provided with two passages communicating therewith, a tank above the bowl having open ings communicating with said passages, means for directing scouring and re?lling ?uid to the bowl through one opening and passage, the other opening and passage conveying fluid accumulat ing, in the tank into the bowl. 14. In a Water closet including a bowl having a rim provided with two passages communicating therewith, a tank abovethebowl having open ings registering with said passages, a ?ushing valve in the tank discharging ‘through one open ing‘and“ passage ‘to the bowl, a water hammer cushioning device in the other opening and pas sage and a ?uid supply line for directing ?uid to the flushing valve through the water hammer cushioning device. 15. In a water closet including a bowl having a rim provided with two passages communicating therewith, a tank above the bowl having open ings registering with said passages, a ?ushing valve in the tank discharging through one open ing and passage to the bowl, a water hammer cushioning device in the other opening and pas sage spaced from the walls thereof, and a fluid supply line for directing ?uid to the flushing valve through the water hammer cushioning de vice, the space between the cushioning device and the walls of the opening and passage per mitting ?uid accumulating in the tank to drain into the bowl. 16. In combination with a water closet bowl, a housing, a water supply conduit in said housing and a valve on said conduit within said housing, said housing having drainage means in con stantly open communication with said bowl. 17. In combination with a water closet bowl, an open housing, a water supply conduit extend ‘with the bowl to drain said receptacle into the bowl. 21. In combination with a water closet bowl, means for preventing back siphoning of the bowl comprising a receptacle having open communi is cation with the atmosphere, a water supply pipe extending into the, receptacle, aivalve on said pipe, and a ?ush water connection from said receptacle to the bowl arranged to receive water from said Valve, said water connection extending into said 30 receptacle and having its ends spaced from the discharge end of the supply pipe and having open communication with the interior of said recep tacle. ‘ 22. In combination with a‘ water closet bowl, a 05 Cr receptacle, a' valve controlled water supply means in said receptacle, a jet supply means for the bowl connected to said valve, water supply means. for the rim of said bowl in open communication with said receptacle, and means for providing open 4-0 communication. between'the interior of said re ceptacle and the atmosphere; said jet supply means forming clamping means for securing said receptacle to the bowl. 23. In combination with a water closet bowl, a 45 receptacle, a valve controlled water supply means in said receptacle, a jet supply means for the bowl connected to said valve, a water passage for the rim of said bowl in open communication with said receptacle, and means for providing open com munication between the interior of said receptacle and the atmosphere. 24. A device of the class described, comprising a ?ush pipe, a casing of larger diameter than the pipe and surrounding and attached to a portion of the same, said casing having an opening there in and that portion of the pipe surrounded by the casing having an opening therein for placing said portion in communication with the. bottom of the casing. 60 25. In a ?ushing device for toilet bowls, a tank above the bowl, a water supply pipe extending into the tank having an open discharge end in the tank above the water level in the tank, a control valve in said water supply pipe, a water receiving pipe below the open end of the water supply pipe ing into said housing, and a manuallyoperated and a funnel on the upper end of the water re valve on the discharge end of said conduit within said housing, said valve having a discharge outlet ceiving pipe spaced apart from the discharge end of the supply pipe. 70 within the housing, said housing being in open communication at all times with the bowl. 18. In combination with a water closet bowl, an open housing, and a water supply valve in said housing, said valve having an open discharge outlet within the housing, said housing being in 26. In a ?ushing device for toilet bowls, a tank 70 above the bowl, a water supply pipe extending into the tank having an open discharge end in the tank above the water level, a control valve. in said water sup-ply pipe, and a water receiving conduit below the water supply pipe having its 75 6 2,126,448 upper end spaced apart from the discharge end of the water supply pipe. 27. In a ?ushing device for toilet bowls, a tank above the bowl, a. water supply pipe extending into the tank having an open discharge end in the tank above the water level in the bowl, and a water receiving conduit below the water supply pipe having its upper end in the tank and spaced apart from the discharge end of the water supply 10 pipe. 28. A device of the class described, comprising a flush pipe, a casing of larger diameter than the pipe surrounding the same, said casing having an opening therein and that portion of the pipe sur 15 rounded by the casing having an opening therein for placing said portion in communication with the casing. '29. In a flushing device for toilet bowls, a bowl having a hollow rim provided with spaced perfor 20 ations, a pipe for supplying ?ushing water to the rim and through the perforations into the bowl, the combined areas of the perforations being so proportioned with reference to the internal diam eter of the supply pipe that spilling of water from 25 said ?ushing device is prevented. 30. In a flushing device for toilet bowls, a bowl having a hollow rim provided with spaced perfor ations, a ?ush valve for admitting ?ushing water to the bowl, a container housing the flush valve 30 and having communication with the bowl rim, and a pipe for supplying water to the flush valve, the combined areas of the perforations being so proportioned with reference to the internal di ameter of the supply pipe that spilling of water from said ?ushing device is prevented. 31. In a flushing device for toilet bowls, a tank above the bowl, a Water supply pipe extending into the tank having an open discharge end in the tank above the water level in the bowl, and 40 a water receiving conduit below the water supply pipe having its upper end in the tank and spaced apart from the discharge end of the water supply pipe, said water receiving conduit having an open ing therein for placing said pipe in communica tion with the bottom of the tank. 32. In a ?ushing device for toilet bowls, a sup ply pipe, a flushing valve having a discharge end, means for directing‘ ?uid discharged from said end into the bowl, said discharge end constantly communicating with atmosphere and being spaced from the maximum level which can be at 10 tained by the water in the bowl a distance at least substantially equal to the internal area of the supply pipe, and a housing surrounding the valve and directing means and in constant com munication with the atmosphere. 15 33. In a flushing device for toilet bowls, a con tainer for the ?ushing device, a supply pipe, a pipe spaced from the supply pipe and receiving water therefrom and directing the same into the bowl, the space between the pipes being in com 20 munication with atmosphere, said communicating space and the walls of the container surrounding the communicating space being so proportioned as to prevent su?icient increase in velocity of air moving toward the supply pipe under the 25 action of vacuum in the supply pipe line to cre ate back siphoning, said toilet bowl having a rim provided with perforations, the combined areas of the perforations being so proportioned with reference to the internal diameter of the supply 30 pipe line that the water will be prevented from spilling from said container. 34. In a ?ushing device for toilet bowls, a sup ply pipe, a ?ushing valve in said pipe behind the bowl, means for directing ?uid discharged from 35 the valve into said bowl, a housing having side walls surrounding the valve and directing means, and an operating handle for the valve projecting through one of said side walls in a direction trans verse of the longitudinal axis of the bowl. CESARE C. CAMPUS.