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Патент USA US2126618

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Aug. 9, 1938.
J. C. CHEVALIER
\
?2,126,613
SHIRT FOLDING AND FINISHING APPARATUS
Filed Dec. 7, 1936
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3 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR.
John I: .llheva'lien
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ATTORN EYS.
Aug-I 9, 1938-
?J. c. CHEVALIER
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2,126,618
SHIRT FOLDING AND FINISHING APPARATUS
Filed Dec. 7, 1956
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INVENTOR.
I John E?hevaher
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(17,6 (.36 K92 L23 smww閟
Allg~ 9, 1938.
.1. c. CHEVALIER I
2,126,618
SHIRT FOLDING AND FINISHING APPARATUS
Filed Dec. 7, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
@//3 .
INVENTOR.
John E. Chevalier?
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ATTO R N EYS.
Patented Aug. 9', 1938
angers
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,126,618
SHIRT FOLDING AND FINISHING
APPARATUS?
John Collins Chevalier, Washington, D. 0.
Application December 7, 1936, Serial No. 114,704
16 Claims. (Cl. 223-37)
The present invention relates to apparatus to the cuffs may be done while the shirt is in
adapted for use in the ?nishing and folding of position for folding.
new or freshly laundered shirts and the primary
A further object resides in the arrangement
object of the invention is to provide apparatus of wherein the collar ironing or shaping member is
6 this character such as will expedite the ?nishing movable to a substantial height above the surface 5
and folding operation and insure a perfect ?nish
and appearance to the shirt.
In shirt ?nishing systems now in use by laun
dries and the like, the shirts, after all major
10 pressing operations pertaining'to shirt ?nishing
have been accomplished, the shirts are conveyed
to a folding table where an operator hand ?nishes
such portions of the shirt as may be necessary and
then folds the shirt into the well known ?at form
15 for delivery. These shirt ?nishing systems usually
comprise presses which iron the collars and cuffs
in a ?at condition, separate presses for ironing
the bosom and back of the shirt, and a collar
ironer or shaper for forming the collar into cir~
20 cular formation approximating the shape of one?s
neck, before the shirts are conveyed to the oper
ator at the folding table. Thus, four separate op
erations are required on the shirt before delivery
to the folding table. In some instances, the collar
25 ironer or shaper is dispensed with and forming
of the collar is done by hand ironing by the
operator at the folding table. This hand ironing
of the collar does not provide a perfect formation
to the collar, thus detracting from the ?nished
30 appearance of the shirt. In addition to hand
ironing the collar on the folding table, any hand
iron ?nishing or touching up such as the lower
portion of the sleeves adjacent to the cuffs, ?nish
ing touches of the yoke, etc., is also done upon the
35 folding table. These hand ?nishing operations
are done before the shirt is placed in position for
folding and the operator is required to sufficiently
iron the yoke and lower sleeve portions so as to
remove any dampness therefrom, with the result
40 ant loss in time.
It is therefore a further and important object
of the invention to provide a combined shirt fold
ing table and collar shaper for use in shirt ?nish~
ing systems whereby the ?nishing and folding
45 operations of the shirts are accomplished with
greater efficiency and by a single operator.
A further object of the invention is to provide
apparatus of this character embodying a verti
cally movable collar shaper of improved design
50 upon which the collar is ironed and formed to
truely conform to the shape of one?s neck.
A further object of the invention resides in the
arrangement whereby hand ironing of the yoke
of the shirt is dispensed with and the ?nishing or
55 ? touching up of the lower sleeve portions adjacent
of the table so as to permit forming of the collar
thereon and avoid wrinkling the front or bosom
of the shirt.
A still further object is to provide apparatus
of this character wherein the upper end portion 10
of the collar shaper when in its lower retracted
position, acts to receive the collar of the shirt
and apply an ironing heat to the yoke while the
shirt is being folded.
Other objects and advantages of the invention 15
will be apparent from the following detailed de
scription, taken in connection with the accom
panying drawings forming a part of this speci?ca
tion and in which drawings:
Figure 1 is a top plan View showing the folding 20
plate or form in raised position.
7 Figure 2 is a front elevation with fragmentary
portions broken away and showing the collar
shaper or ironer in its lowered or retracted posi
tion.
25
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical section taken
substantially on the line 3?3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a horizontal section on the line ?
of Figure 3.
?
Figure 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section on 30
the line 5-5 of Figure l and showing the folding
plate in its lowered horizontal position.
Figure 6 is a side elevation of the collar shaper
shown in Figures 1, 2, 3 and 5.
Figure '7 is a section on the line l-?'l of Figure 6. 35
Figure 8 is a View in side elevation of a modi?ed
form of collar shaper or ironer adaptable for use
with the folding table.
Figure 9 is a section on the line 9-?9 of Figure 8.
Referring to the drawings in detail and where- 40
in like reference characters designate correspond
ing parts throughout the several views, the letter
A designates a shirt folding table having associ
ated therewith a collar shaper or ironer B mount-
.
ed for vertical movement by the means C.
45
The table A embodies a rectangular shaped
folding board [0 having its upper surface pro
vided with the usual padding l l . Supporting the
folding board I0 is a preferably metal frame 92
which may either be formed of tubular stock as 50
shown, or of angle iron. In the example shown,
the frame [2 is provided with the corner legs it
connected at their upper ends by the top fram
ing l4 and at a point intermediate their height
by the horizontal brace members I5. The folding 55
2
2,126,618
table or board I!) may be secured in any pre
ferred manner to the top framing l4. Adjacent
one end of the table, the folding board I0 is pro
vided with an opening l6, and a suitable shield
as at I?! is extended about the upper end of the
opening as a protection for the padding ||.
Arranged to be vertically projected upwardly
thru the opening I6 is a collar shaper or ironer
B which in the preferred form is of a shape as
shown in Figures 6 and 7. This collar shaper B
which is supported in an upright or vertical po
sition by the means C, is in the form of an elon
gated hollow-metallic member of somewhat
frusto-conical formation and arranged with its
15 smaller end uppermost.
Referring particularly to
?xed guide sleeve 3| with its inner end extend
ing into a longitudinal slot in the inner cylinder
33; and a set screw 39 threaded thru the guide
portion 35 of the inner cylinder with its inner
end extending into a longitudinal slot in the pis CI
ton rod 36, serve to prevent relative rotary move
ment between the cylinders 30 and 33 and the
piston rod 36 whereby the collar shaper B is held
against rotation with the ?at side surface I!)
thereof disposed in a plane parallel to an end
edge of the folding board as shown in Figure 1.
The elevating means C is preferably operated
by air pressure admitted into the base member
28. For controlling movement of the means C,
a suitable form of three-way valve as at 40 is
Figures 6 and '7 of the drawings, the collar shaper
B is of tapering, major segmental shape in cross
section thruout its length, that is, is of slightly
mounted adjacent to, and in the example shown,
directly upon the base member 28 and has its
more than semi-circular shape in cross section,
air supply as thru the line 4|. The outlet port
of the valve is connected by the line 42 with the 20
20 providing an upwardly tapering outer surface l8
which uniformly tapers thruout the length of the
shaper and a ?at side surface l9 having its side
edges rounding into the surface l8 as along the
rounded edges 20. The smaller upper end of the
25 collar shaper is provided with a ?at horizontal
ironing surface 2| which, when the shaper is in
its lowered position as in Figures 2, 3 and 5, is
disposed substantially ?ush with the upper sur
face of the padding ||. The larger lower end
30 of the collar shaper is provided with a threaded
socket 22 for securing the shaper to the elevat
ing means C. The collar shaper B is preferably
steam heated, the steam entering the chamber of
the shaper thru the tube 23 and leaving by the
35 return tube 24. These tubes 23 and 24 extend
thru the bottom of the shaper and are connected
by the ?exible steam lines 25 with suitable pipe
lines 26.
Referring now to the means C for vertically
raising the collar shaper B, the same is prefer
40 ably fiuid operated and is of such construction
as to raise the collar shaper for a substantial dis
tance above the folding board In as shown by
dotted lines in Figure 2. Suitably supported upon
the frame l2 at one end thereof and closely ad
45 jacent to the bottom of the frame is a horizontal
base plate 26 which may be connected by vertical
braces 21 to the brace members l5. Mounted
upon the upper side of this base plate 26, in ver
tical alignment beneath the opening I6 in the
50 folding board I0 is a ?anged base member 28
having an upwardly opening sleeve portion 29.
Threaded or otherwise secured at its lower end
in the sleeve portion 29 is a vertically disposed
tubular cylinder 30 having its upper end termi
55 nating in a guide sleeve 3| which is rigidly sup
ported by brackets 32 secured to two end legs
of the table frame. Telescopically ?tting within
the ?xed outer cylinder 30 is a second or inner
cylinder 33 having vertical guided movement in
60 the guide sleeve 3|. This inner cylinder 33 has
an outside diameter slightly less than the inside
diameter of the outer cylinder 30 and at its lower
open end has an annular ?ange to which is se
cured a sealing ring 34.
The upper end portion
65 of the inner cylinder 33 has its inside diameter
reduced providing a guide portion 35 having an
external ?ange as shown in Figure 3. Recipro
cably movable in the inner cylinder 33 and hav
ing guided movement in the guide portion 35
70 is a piston rod 35 provided at its lower end with
a sealing cup 31. The upper end of the piston
rod 35 is threaded into the socket 22 of the col
lar shaper B whereby the shaper is connected for
movement with the piston rod. As clearly shown
75 in Figure 3, a set screw 38 threaded thru the
intake port connected with a suitable source of
base member l8 so as to communicate with the
chamber of the sleeve portion 29. The valve is
also provided with a relief port 43 which acts in
a manner to be later described.
The control valve 48 is preferably arranged to 25.
be foot operated and in the example shown, a
treadle 44 is mounted intermediate its ends upon
one end of a treadle shaft 45 suitably journaled
upon the base plate 26. The opposite end of the
shaft 45 is connected with the rotating valve 30
member of the valve 40. A spiral spring 46 acts
between one end of the treadle 44 and the base
plate 25 and acts to normally return the treadle
to a position as shown in Figure 1 closing off
communication between the air lines 4| and 42 35
and venting the line 42 thru the relief port 43.
When the treadle 44 is operated, air under pres
sure is admitted into the lower end of the cylin
der 30 and forces the inner cylinder 33 and the
piston rod 36 upwardly and raising the collar 40
shaper B upwardly thru the opening |6 in the
folding board Illv When the treadle is released,
air from the line 4| is shut off and the air in
the cylinder 30 is vented thru the port 43 thus
allowing the collar shaper to return to its lowered
position,
Referring once again to Figure 3, suitable cush
ioning springs are provided for cushioning move
ment of the movable elements. Downward move
ment of the collar shaper B, piston rod 36 and
inner cylinder 33 is cushioned by a coil spring 41 50:
acting between the socket 22 and the upper end
of the guide portion 35, and a second coil spring
48 acting between the upper end of the guide
sleeve 3| and the annular ?ange on the guide
portion 35. Upward movement of the piston rod
36 is cushioned by a coil spring 49 acting be
tween the lower end of the guide portion 35 and
lower end of the piston rod, while upward move
ment of the inner cylinder 33 is cushioned by a
coil spring 50 acting between the lower end of
the guide sleeve 3| and the annular ?ange at the
lower end of the inner cylinder.
Hingedly mounted upon the upper side of the
folding table adjacent one end thereof and as by 65
means of a hinge rod 5| journaled in suitable
brackets 52, is a rectangular-shaped sheet metal
folding plate 53 which, when in a lowered hori
zontal position is adapted to overlie the opening
l6 as shown in Figure 5. A means is provided for 70
exerting a pressure upon the folding plate 53,
particularly when in its lowered position, and this
means in the example shown embodies a crank 54
formed intermediate the ends of the hinge rod
5| and a coil spring 55 having one end connected 75
2,126,618
to the crank and its other end connected to a
bracket 56 secured to the folding board. As
shown in Figure 5, when the crank 54 is swung
past a vertical center position, the spring 55 will
exert a downward pressure on the folding plate,
urging the plate against the flat top end of
the collar shaper. When the folding plate is in
a raised position, the spring 55 acts to yieldably
hold the plate in this raised position, slightly on.?
10 of a vertical position with the feet or stops 5?
limiting further swinging of the plate. The fold
ing plate may be secured in any preferred man
ner to the hinge rod so that the rod will rock
with the swinging of the plate.
15
Secured to the lower end of the collar shaper B
is a shield or guard 58 for preventing likelihood
of the shirt being soiled thru contact with the
piston rod 36 or the cylinder 33 when the shaper
is raised. This guard 58 is of such length that
when the shaper is raised, the lower end of the
guard is below the upper surface of the folding
table so that there is no danger of the shirt be
ing caught on the lower end of the guard and
possibly drawn thru the opening it. The guard
25 58 will also prevent the shirt from being caught
beneath the lower end of the collar shaper.
Figures 8 and 9 show a slightly modi?ed form
of collar shaper or ironer B? which is also adapt~
able for use in connection with the elevating
30 means C. The shaper B? is in the form of a hol~
low frusto-co-nical shaped metal body having its
outer surface 60 uniformly tapering toward the
flat upper end surface 6| of the body.
In use of the apparatus, the operator located at
35 the folding table receives the shirts after all of
the major pressing operations pertaining to shirt
?nishing have been accomplished. The operator
?rst spreads the shirt out upon the folding board
and buttons the front pleat and the collar of the
shirt. The foot treadle 1543 is then pressed down
for opening the valve 40 and allowing air under
pressure to enter the lower end of the cylinder
30 and raise the heated collar shaper B to its
raised position a substantial distance above the
45 surface of the folding board. The operator then
places the collar of the shirt over the upper end
of the collar shaper with the back portion of the
collar across the flat surface it! of the shaper and
lowers the collar until the collar contacts the sur
50 face of the shaper. With the ?ngers, the opera
tor then slightly oscillates the collar about the
shaper and at the same time exerts a slight down
ward pressure on the collar. This operation not
only irons and smooths out any roughness at the
55 inside of thevcollar but also forms or moulds the
collar to a shape closely approximating the shape
of the neck of the wearer.
It may here be well
to state that the object and advantages for pre
ferably having the collar shaper movable to a
to
60 substantial distance above the folding table
avoid wrinkling the front or bosom of the shirt
while shaping and ?nishing the collar on the
shaper.
After the collar has been shaped, foot pressure
65 on the treadle 44 is released, whereupon the
spring 46 shifts the valve 410 to a position venting
the cylinder 30 and allowing the collar shaper
to lower by gravity to a position with its upper
flat surface ?ush with the top of the folding?
70 board. The shirt is then spread out neatly on
the table with the front of the shirt facing down
and the collar ?tting into the opening id about
the upper end of the shaper. When in this posi
tion, the yoke of the shirt will be in contact with
75 the flat top surface of the shaper. The metal
3.
folding plate 53 is then lowered upon the shirt
and yieldably held in this lowered position by
the action of the crank 54 and spring 55. This
yielding pressure of the folding plate not only
acts to properly hold the shirt against moving
while being folded, but also presses the yoke
portion upon the flat upper surface of the shaper
so that the yoke is neatly pressed. While the
i shirt is thus held, the operator hand irons the
lower portion of the sleeves adjacent to the cuffs 10
and then neatly folds the shirt and sleeves over
the folding plate in the usual manner. For the
time while the operator is touching up the lower
portion of the sleeves and folding the shirt, the
yoke is being held against the top surface of the 15
heated shaper so that all moisture or dampness
is removed from the yoke.
The folding plate
may now be swung to its raised position and a
suitable holder applied to the shirt for retaining
it in its folded condition and after which the 20
?nished shirt may be withdrawn from the plate
for delivery.
Changes in detail may be made to the form of
invention herein shown and described, without
departing from the spirit of the invention or 25
the scope of the following claims.
I claim:
1. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus com
prising a folding board provided with an open
ing, a collar shaper and ironer vertically movable 30
through the opening, and a vertically swinging
folding plate adapted to overlie said opening
when the collar shaper and ironer is in a lowered
position.
2. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus com 35
prising a folding board, a vertically movable col
larshaper and ironer, operating means for the
collar shaper and ironer, and a hinged folding
plate adapted to overlie the folding board and
cooperate with the upper end of the collar shaper
and ironer when the latter is in a lowered posi
tion.
3. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus com
prising a folding board provided with an opening
40
adjacent one end thereof, a collar ironer Ver
tically movable thru said opening and normally 45
disposed below the folding board, elevating means
for raising the ironer above the board, and a
swinging folding plate adapted to overlie said
opening and press the yoke of a shirt upon the
upper end of the ironer during folding of the 50
shirt.
4. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus com
prising a folding board provided with an open
ing, a collar ironer movable upwardly thru the
opening and normally disposed with its top sur 55
face disposed ?ush with the upper surface of
the folding board, means for raising the ironer
to a position above the folding board, a hinged
folding plate ?movable to a shirt folding position 60
overlying said opening, and means for yieldably
urging the folding plate against the upper sur
face of the folding board when the plate is swung
downwardly.
5. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus com 65
prising a folding board provided with an open
ing, a collar ironer vertically movable upwardly
thru the opening, fluid pressure means for ele
vating the ironer, and a hinged folding plate
movable to overlie said opening.
70
6. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
a folding board provided with an opening, a col
lar ironer vertically movable upwardly thru said
opening and normally disposed below the board
with its upper end flush with the upper surface 75
4
2,126,618
of the folding board, and means for raising the
ironer to a substantial height above the folding
board.
of the folding board when the ironer is in a
lowered position, means for elevating the ironer,
and a folding plate hinged to the folding board
'7. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
a folding board provided with an opening, a
for overlying said opening when the plate is in a
lowered position,
collar ironer vertically movable upwardly thru
said opening and normally disposed below the
a folding board having an opening, an ironer
board with its upper end flush with the upper
surface of the folding board, telescoping elevat
10 ing means for raising the ironer to a position with
its lower end spaced a substantial distance above
the folding board, and a guard depending from
the lower end of the ironer and adapted to have
its lower end disposed in said opening when the
ironer is raised.
8. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus, a
folding board having an opening adjacent one
end. thereof, fluid pressure operated elevating
means below the folding board embodying a
piston rod vertically aligning with said opening, a
collar ironer mounted upon the piston rod and
movable upwardly thru the opening, and control
means for the elevating means.
12. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
vertically movable thru said opening and having
an ironing surface at its upper end, elevating
means for the ironer and supporting the ironer 10
with said ironing surface flush with the upper
surface of the folding board when the ironer is
in a lowered position, a folding plate hinged to
the folding board and movable to a position over
lying said opening, and means yieldably retain
ing the folding plate in either of its limits of
swinging movement.
13. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
a folding board provided with an opening, an
ironer vertically movable in said opening having
an outer surface of segmental shape in cross sec
tion uniformly tapering toward its upper end and
a flat top surface, elevating means normally sup
9. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus, a
porting the ironer with its ?at top surface flush
, folding board provided with an opening, a collar
ironer vertically movable thru the opening, and
fluid pressure operated elevating means for the
with the top surface of the folding board, and a
hinged folding plate movable to a position in
superposed relation to the ?at top surface of the
ironer embodying a fixed outer cylinder, an inner
ironer when the latter is in a lowered position.
cylinder telescopically ?tting in the outer cylinder
14. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
- and a piston rod telescopically ?tting in the inner
a folding board provided with an opening, an 1
cylinder, means securing the ironer to the upper
end of the piston rod, and control means for the
elevating means.
10. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
ironer in said opening having a flat top surface, a
hinged folding plate cooperating with said flat
top surface, and means yieldably urging the fold
ing plate against said surface.
1 a folding board provided with an opening, ?uid
15. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
pressure operated elevating means in alignment
a folding board provided with an opening, an
beneath the opening embodying telescopically ar
ranged sections, means retaining said sections
ironer vertically movable thru said opening and
being of major segmental shape in cross section
against relative rotary movement, control means
for the elevating means, and a collar ironer ?xed
upon the upper end of one of said sections for
and diminishing in cross section toward its upper
40
end, and elevating means for the ironer.
vertical movement thru said opening.
11. In a shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus,
16. A shirt folding and ?nishing apparatus
comprising a folding board provided with an
aperture extending entirely thru said board, and
a folding board having an opening, an ironer
a collar shaper and ironer vertically movable thru
vertically movable thru said opening and having
said aperture.
a flat top surface aligning with the upper surface
JOHN COLLINS CHEVALIER.
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