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Патент USA US2126986

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Aug. 16, 1938.
Filed Deç. '28, 1935
Ñf"_ \
3 Sheets-Sheet l
Aug.. 16, 1938.
Filed uw. _28, 193i
s sheets-sheet 2
_Àugä 16, 1938.
Filed Dec. 28, 1935
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Aug. 16, 1938
PATENT ori-‘ice
Arthur Burger, New-York, N. Y.
Application December 28, 1935, Serial No. 56,582
4 Claims. (C‘l. 190-41)
This invention relates to luggage and particu
larly to wardrobe cases in which a clothes rack
is adapted to be folded into and supported by
the case or to be held upright thereby for hang
ing clothes upon or removing them from the rack.
The invention also relates to clothes racks adapt
ed for use in wardrobe cases. More particularly
the invention relates to Wardrobe cases in which
a clothes rack is adapted to be held rigidly in
10 upright position for placing or removal of clothes
thereon and at the same time may be readily piv
oted to a horizontal position and/or to an in
verted position in the cover of the case.
One object of my invention is to provide ñt
' tings for wardrobe cases which are extremely
simple and inexpensive as compared with others
in use before my inventionv and which will be
easier to use and entirely out of the Way when
not in use.
Another object of my invention is to provide
wardrobe cases having racks upon which clothes
may be hung more easily than they could be
packed in an ordinary suitcase, can be kept in
better condition when packed and can be readily
25 removed and hung up when the case is opened
without unpacking the entire case.
Another object of my invention is to provide
a wardrobe case in which a clothes rack may be
held securely in upright position for packing or
30 in a position longitudinal of the case when it has
been packed and closed, and can be removed en
tirely for hanging in a closet or elsewhere.
Another object is to provide a wardrobe case
in which the rack is mounted so that it is in
35 verted in shifting from the position for packing to
the position for carrying and has means for
folding the skirts smoothly during this inver
In the accompanying drawings I have given
40 several illustrations of my invention and sug
gested certain modiiications thereof. These are
not intended to be exhaustive and should not be
taken as limiting of the invention but are given
rather with a view to illustrating and explaining
45 the invention and principles thereof so that
others skilled in the art may utilize my inven
tion in numerous forms and varying embodi
ments according to the requirements of each
particular use.
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a wardrobe case
embodying my invention with the clothes rack
in upright position ready for placing or removal
of clothes therefrom.
Fig. 2 is a cross section of the same embodi
ment as shown in Fig. 1, but with the clothes
rack in a horizontal position.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional View similar to
Fig. 2 but with the clothes rack inverted into
the cover of the case and with the curtain placed
over the rack.
Fig. 4 is a view in elevation of a bracket which
may be used instead of that shown in Figs. 1, 2
and 3.
Fig. 5 is a perspective View partially broken 10
away of another case embodying my invention in
a different form.
Fig. 6 is a view in cross section of the em
bodiment shown in Fig. 5 but with the clothing
rack in the process of `loeing inverted into the 15
cover of the case.
Fig. 'l is a perspective View of still another
embodiment of my invention.
Fig. 8 is a View in elevation of the bracket used
in Figs. 1 to 3.
Fig. 9 is a section along line 9_9 in Fig. 8.
Referring iirst to Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive, I have
shown a case consisting of a box Ill having a cover
II hinged thereto. A clothing rack I2 is shown
mounted in upright position in the brackets I3.
This clothes rack I2 may be a simple frame
having at its top any suitable means, e. g., the
folding rails I4, I5 for holding clothes hangers I5
and at its bottom a cross bar Il adapted to hold
the skirts of garments which are hung on the »
hangers IB and to fold them smoothly when the
rack is inverted into the cover .as will hereafter
be described.
The particular construction of this rack I2 is
not essential to my invention in' its broader f
aspects. As shown, the cross bar I8 is made U
shape so that its perpendicular ends form rails
under which the ends I9 of the hanger I6 en
gage to lock the hangers against removal when
they are on the rails I4. Each rail I4 is secured
at one end to the cross bar I8 and near its
other end to the bracket 2li. The rail members
I5 are pivoted to the rail members I4 an-d their
inner ends extend beyond the pivot and are
rounded or pointed so as to snap into the grooves 1
2| in the end of the cross bar I8. Thus the rail
members I5 when folded to a perpendicular po
sition are latched in that position and serve to
lock the hangers I6 in place on the rails I4.
At Athe bottom ends of the frame I2 are studs
25 and 26 adapted to engage in the bracket I3
(best shown in Figs.> 2 and 3). A stud 25 engages
in the upperrvertical slot of the bracket I3 and
serves- as a bearing and pivot upon which the
rack I2 is supported in the position shown in Figs. 55
1 and 2 and upon which it may be swung from
the position shown in Fig. 1 to that shown in
Fig. 2. 'I‘he stud 26 engages the bracket I3 in
the lower slot 21 which is substantially horizontal
Cîl or longitudinal with the bottom of the case.
The bottom of this slot as shown has a depres
sion in which the stud 26 engages to lock the
rack in upright position.
At the corners of the cross bar I8 are other
studs 28 which engage in the slot 29 ofthe brack
et 3D secured in the cover near the hinge edge
thereof. These studs also serve as pivots upon
which the rack is swung from the position shown
in Fig. 2 to that shown in Fig. 3.
Brackets 3| having spring latches associated
therewith are secured near the opposite ends of
the cover and engage the projection 32 on the
rack I2 to hold it in position in the cover.
A curtain 34 is secured to the front of the
20 cover and at its bottom is provided with snap
fasteners 35 adapted to be secured to the snaps
36 on the cross bar I8, whereby this curtain may
be drawn over the rack I2 and the clothes hung
thereon when the rack is positioned in the cover.
This is shown in Fig. 3.
In the use of this case the cover 34 is ñrst
thrown back out of the way as shown in Figs. 1
and 2. The rack I2 isthen pulled down from the
cover to the position shown in Fig. 2, where it
30 rests upon the four studs 28 and 25_ in the slots
of the brackets 30 and I3. The top of the rack is
then lifted from the bracket 30 to the upright
position shown in Fig. 1, whereupon the studs 26
enter the slots 21 and, as the rack reaches the up
right position, fall into the depressions or notches
in the bottoms of the slots and thus lock the
rack in its upright position. The rails I5 are
then folded out to the position shown in Fig. 1,
and the hangers I6 may be pulled out onto these
rails and removed if desired. When the clothes
are put upon the hangers the hangers will be
pushed back onto the rail I4 the rail member
I 5 then swung inwardly to the perpendicular po
sition in which they are held by means of the
grooves 2|. The rack I2 is lifted suiñciently to
raise the studs 26 out of the depressions in the
slots 21 and is then swung back to the position
shown in Fig. 2. In this position the clothes, as
represented by the dress 31 will extend smoothly
from the hanger I 5 over the cross bar I 1 and over
the iront edge of the box I0. The bottom of the
rack I2 is then lifted from the position shown in
Fig. 2 into the top, i. e., to the position shown in
Fig. 3. As this is done the skirts of the clothing
fold naturally and smoothly across thecross bar
I1 and fall on the back of the rack I2.
The rack
is ñnally snapped into the bracket 3| and the
curtain 34 is drawn down over the rack and
secured in place by the snap fasteners 35 and 36.
The bracket I3 is particularly important in
this example. It is small and o_ut of the way
when the case is being packed; it will not catch
the clothes; and it is extremely inexpensive; yet
it serves efliciently to lock the rack in the case
~ in an upright position and it serves as a bearing
for the pivoting of the rack to its horizontal posi
tion. The lower slot 21 by engaging the stud 26
locks the rack against vertical movement and
the notch in its bottom engages the stud to lock
the rack against pivotal movement. Yet when
the rack is lifted to bring the stud 26 against the
top of the slot 21 it is easily pivoted on the stud
25 and thus lowered to a horizontal position in
which the stud 26 is automatically released from
the slot 21.
This bracket I3 is not limited to the particular
form shown in these figures, but may be substan
tially varied, e. g., as shown in Fig. 4.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 5
and 6 the box I0 and the cover I I are substantially
the same as those shown in the figures already
discussed. The frame I2a is also similar to the
frame I2. In this case, however, instead of the
upper cross bar I8 a somewhat different cross bar
I8a is provided and instead of the rails I4 the
U-shaped rails I 4&1l are provided, theiree ends
of which serve to engage the ends I 9a of the
hangers I6a to lock them in place in a manner
similar to that achieved by the perpendicular ends
of the cross bar I8 in Fig. 1. The rail members 15
|5a are pivoted on the members |4a and, as in
Fig. 1, these serve to lock the hangers I6a in
position. In this case the slotted heads 23u.v
snap over the rail |8a„ to latch the rails I5a
in this perpendicular position.
_ In this _embodiment of theinvention, however,
a supplementary frame 40 takes the place of the
upper studs 28, the lower studs 26 and the slots
21 and 2S all shownA _in Fig.- 1, in that is provides
both _for locking the clothes rack in the upright
position and for pivoting ythe _rack when it is in
verted into the cover..v This supplemental frame
40 Ais pivoted to the rack I2a at its upper end at
4| and the opposite end of the supplemental
frame is pivoted yin the cover at 42. One of these
pivots, preferably the pivot 42, is removable, e.
g., by iiexing the ends of the frame 40. over the
pivot studs on which they swing. . Thus the entire
frame can be `removed from the case for hang
ing in a closet, etc., as in the case illustrated in
Fig. 1.
In theuse of this case as shown in Figs. 5 and
6 the rack |20, is released from the latch 3Ia in
the cover and is swung out to the position shown
in Fig. 1 whereinthe studs
Y25 are held in the '
brackets 13a.. In this position the upper end of
the rack |211. istheldbythe frame 4_0 rigidly
against falling in either direction. The arms
I5a are swung out and the hangers removed and
used lexactly the same as already described in
connection with Fig. 1. When the clothing is in
place the hangers I6a are put back onto the rails
|4a, the members I5a are swung to the perpen
dicular‘polsitionA and snapped over the rail IBa
and finally the studs. 25 are lifted out of the
brackets I3a. and the rack |20, is swung to the
inverted position and latched in the cover by
means of thelatch 3Ia. Fig. 6 shows the rack
in the act of being swung >into the cover. As
shown in this figure theskirts of the clothing on
the rack fall smoothly over _the cross bar Ila as
has already been described with Figs. l to 3 and
fall down over the back of the rack I2a. With
the Irackplaced yin the cover the curtain 34 is
drawn down over the rackvand secured by means
0f the snap fasteners 35, 3.6.
In Fig. 4, I have shown a bracket I3b which
may be used in place of the bracket I3 shown in
Figs. 1 to» 3. In this case a right angled slot is
provided and the bracket is used with a broad
flat stud 25h- shown in cross section in this figure.
This stud, e._ g., vas _shown in Fig. 7 may be an
extension of the cross bar |10. With the rack
I2 in the position shown in Fig. 2 the studs 25h
will lie in the broad shallow portion of the slots. 7,0
When the rack is swung to upright position, how
ever, the studs will fall-_into the vertical portion ofthe slots and there will hold the rack rigidly a
gainst falling in either direction. >The h_ook 44
serves as a'stop to vkeep the stud-2512 from pulling 75
entirely away from the bracket I3b when the rack
is lifted to release the stud from the vertical slot.
In Fig. 7 I have shown a Gladstone type of
In this case since the cover is normally
used for packing it is not practicable to fol-d the
clothes rack into the cover as in the other case
shown. In this case, therefore, brackets 30C are
provided at the back of the box portion lllc and
brackets |31) are provided near the front exactly
as in the case illustrated in Fig. 1. The clothes
are hung onto the hangers and the hangers
mounted on the rack |2c while the rack is in
the upright position shown in Fig. 7. When they
are thus in place and suitably locked the rack
is lifted to release it and swung back to the
horizontal position, after which the front end is
lifted to fold the skirt under the cross bar llc
and is then dropped again into the bracket |31?.
The flexible partition or cover 34e is then brought
down over the rack and secured in place by the
snap fasteners 35e, 36C.
The rack |2c used in this case is again some
what different from those shown in the other
cases. I-Iere as before, however, the particular
25 form is not essentially dependent upon the other
features discussed and the special features of
each of these racks might be used interchange
ably. In this case the rack is particularly de
signed for holding men’s clothes rather than
30 women’s clothes as are the racks illustrated in
Figs. 1 and 5. The upper cross bar I8c in this
case forms a clothes loop and instead of sup
porting the hangers l6c on side rails they are
hung directly upon the cross bar I8c. A depres
35 sion 45 is formed in the center of each side of
the cross bars l8c and adjacent the depression
is a gate slide 4B, the motion of which is limited
by the stud 41 acting in the slot 48.
To place or remove one of the hangers lBc the
40 slide 46 is drawn back away from the depression
45 and the hook 49 of the hanger Hic is placed
in or removed from the depression. After the
hanger is placed and the rack is otherwise ready
for folding down into the case the slide 46 is
moved so as to extend across the depression 45
and lock the hook 49 therein.
With these cases and racks embodying my in
vention as described above or in any of the nu
merous forms in which my invention may be
embodied clothes may be packed easily and eX
peditiously and are kept fresh and are protected
against crushing and the racks are held securely
while they are in use.
What I claim is:
l. A wardrobe case comprising a bottom por
tion, a cover hinged thereon and a. clothes rack
adapted to fit into the cover with clothes folded
thereon and to hold the clothes hanging there
from when it is held upright, studs on the sides
of the rack near its top, adapted to hold the top
end of the rack in the back of the cover, studs
on the sides of the rack near its bottom adapted
to hold it in the front of the bottom portion and
a latching stud near at least one of the studs at
the bottom of the rack; brackets in the cover
at opposite sides near each of its four corners
adapted to position the rack in the cover, the
brackets near the hinge being slotted in a direc
tion longitudinal of the cover so that with the
cover open the studs may be inserted down
wardly therein and the brackets near the front
of the cover having spring latch members to hold 10
the rack removably therein, and brackets near
the front of said bottom portion having slots
transverse to the bottom adapted to receive the
studs near the bottom of the rack and at least
one of said brackets on the bottom portion hav
ing a second slot transverse to the first and with
a notch in its bottom adapted to receive the latch
ing stud and thereby to hold the rack in upright
position against collapsing in either direction.
2. A wardrobe case comprising a bottom por 20
tion and a cover hinged thereon, a clothes rack
having a stud at each side near the top thereof,
and a bearing stud on each side of the rack near
the bottom thereof, and an auxiliary stud on the
side of the rack near the bottom thereof spaced 25
a short distance from one of the bearing studs
near the bottom, a bracket on the cover at each
side near its hinge end, slotted longitudinally of
the cover for reception and removal of one of the
studs at the top of the rack, a bracket near at 30
least one side of the opposite en-d of the cover
adapted to hold the rack in the cover, a bracket
on the bottom portion near the front at each
side thereof, each having a slot transverse and
at least one having another slot longitudinal of 35
the bottom, said longitudinal slot being notched
on its bottom side to latch the auxiliary stud
therein by gravity.
3. A clothes rack for a wardrobe case compris
ing a frame, clothes hangers carried at the top 40
of said frame, a stud at each side of the frame
near the bottom thereof, another stud at at least
one side of the frame near but spaced from the
first-named stud and brackets for supporting
said- rack positioned to engage said studs, each
having a slot into which the first-named studs
may be inserted and adapted to position said
studs against horizontal lateral movement and
at least one of said brackets having another slot
adapted to receive said other stud and to position
it against horizontal lateral movement.
4. A clothes rack as defined in claim 3 in which
one slot is vertical and the other horizontal with
a notch in its bottom and its entrance spaced
from the bottom of the first by a distance equal
to the spacing of the studs whereby when one
stud is positioned in a vertical slot the rack may
be rotated about that stud as a pivot to bring
the other stud into its slot and eventually to
engage it in its notch.
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