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Патент USA US2127393

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Aug. 16, 1938,
c. L. DONEY
2,127,393
PACKING MACHINE
Filed 00%. 11, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR
ATTORNEYS
,
Aug. 16, 1938.
C. L. DONEY
'
2,127,393 ’
PACKING MACHINE
l-Filed Oct. 11, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR
ATTORNEYS
Patented Aug. 16, 1938
2,127,393
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,127,393
PACKING MACHINE
Charles L. Doney, San Pedro, Calif.
Application October 11, 1937, Serial No. ‘168,527
5 Claims. (Cl. 226—96)
The invention relates to a packing machine and has formed near its lower end a circular bed
more particularly to a machine for'use in the ?ange l I provided at its under face with nibs [2
mechanical packing of ?sh. This work is gen
which bite into the support while threaded on
erally eiTected by hand and is a slow, disagreeable, the lower end of said shaft is a nut I 3, this fas
5 tedious task necessitating long hours of con
tening the shaft securely.
tinuous work.
Rotatable about this shaft [0 is a turntable l4
The primary object of the invention is the forming a can carrier, being of substantially disk
provision of a machine of this character, wherein shape and having peripherally thereof can seats
?sh, after being cleaned, can be mechanically
10 and automatically cut and packed in a fast eco
nomical way reducing the spoilage to a minimum.
Another object of the invention is the provision
of a machine of this character, wherein the ?sh
will be packed into cans, these after the packing
15 are ready for the steam boxes where they are
cooked and sent to the sealing machinathe lids
being put on and the cans sealed, the machine
being novel in its entirety and assures a con
tinuity of packing operation.
20
A further object of the invention is the provi
sion of a machine of this character, which is
simple in construction, thoroughly reliable and
e?icient in operation, automatic in the working
thereof, readily and easily adjusted and inex
25 pensive to manufacture and install.
_
With these and other objects in View, the in
vention consists in the features of construction,
combination and arrangement of parts as will be
hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in
the accompanying drawings, which disclose the
preferred embodiment of the invention ‘and
pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a
35 machine constructed in accordance with the in
vention.
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view thereof.
Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 3—-3 of
Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 4 is a sectional View on the line 4-—4 of
40
Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line 5-5 of
Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 6 is a fragmentary sectional view
45 through the can carrier.
Figure 7 is an elevation of the cam track of
the machine.
Similar reference characters indicate corre
sponding parts throughout the several views in
50 the drawings.
Referring to the drawings in detail, A desig
nates generally a portion of a horizontal support
in effect creating a stand and from which rises
perpendicularly a stationary shaft Ill, being made
55 secure in the support in any suitable manner and
I 5, these opening outwardly and releasably clamp
therein can bodies It‘ which are devoid of lids or 10
covers and are adapted to be ?lled or packed in
the operation of the machine.
'
The turntable l4, which is rotated in any
desirable manner, has an upstanding central hub
l'l externally threaded at ‘I8 for an adjustable
collar lll'and this hub is accommodated in a
columnar centrally located hub portion 20 formed
interiorly of a rotatable cylinder 2| , being in
resting position upon the collar H] which regulates
the spaced relationship thereof to the table M.
The columnar hub portion 20 of the cylinder 21
is splined or keyed at 22 with the hub I‘! so that
the turntable and said cylinder 2| rotate in
unison with each other.
Formed at the perimeter of the cylinder 2| are
vertically disposed cylinders or tubular columns
23, these being open at opposite ends and are
aligned with the seats IS in the turntable I4
while reciprocatingly movable within the cylin
ders or columns 23 are packing pistons or plung
ers 24, the stems 25 of which at their upper end
portions are formed with elbows 26, these slid
ably ?tting in runners 21 operating in vertical
slotted guides 28 ?xed to and rising above the
upper open end of the cylinder 2|. The runners
2‘! operate within the slots of the guides 28 ver
tically while the elbows 26 at their ends carry
rollers 29, these movably ?tted within a substan
tially oval shaped cam track 3|] armed at 3 I, the
latter being ?tted at 32 to the stationary shaft [0
thus stationarily holding the track above the
cylinder 2i. The plungers or pistons 24 operating
in the track 3|] during the rotation of the cylinder
2| reciprocate within the cylinders 23 for packing
operation. ' During rotation of said cylinder 2|,
these pistons or plungers 24 move outwardly of
the cylinders 23 at one side of the cylinder 2| so
that clean ?sh can be fed into the cylinders at
such side from a, depository serving as a receiver
for the ?sh before the packing operation and
the fish within this depository can be mechani
cally or manually removed therefrom for the
placing of such ?sh into the cylinders 23 from
which have been removed the plungers or pistons
24 in the cycle of operation of the machine.
2
2,127,393
The track 30 has high and low stretches thereto
and at the high stretch of the same a retaining
member 33 is provided thereon to hold the mem
bers 29 within the track and to cause the plungers
or pistons 24 when without the cylinders 23 to be
moved laterally in the runners 2'! ?tting the
guides 28 and thus avoiding obstructing access to
the cylinders 23 at the ?lling side of the cylinder
2| for the packing of ?sh within these cylinders.
10 The high and low stretches of the track 30 effect
reciprocation of the pistons or plungers 24 in the
support to be disposed’beneath the open ends of
the cylinders or columns 23 for the closing of
these lower ends excepting that cylinder or col
umn having its lower end disposed over the r0
tary cutter 35 is present in the machine and in
this way the ?lling of these cylinders or columns
23 cannot drop out of the same during the cycle
of operation of said machine.
What is claimed is:
1. A machine of the character described com 10
prising a turntable having peripheral seats for
cans, a cylinder turnable with the table and hav
cycle of rotation of the cylinder 2|. When the
pistons or plungers 24 are automatically lowered ing cylinders aligned with the seats, pistons op
in the cylinders 23, the material therein is forced ' crating within the cylinders and movable without
the same, trackage effecting movement of the
and packed into the cans [6 upon the turntable l4,
the ?sh being admitted into the cans through the pistons, and a cutter operating between the turn
table and said cylinder.
lower open ends of said cylinders 23 during rota
2. A machine, of the character described com
tion, thereof simultaneously with the rotationof
the turntable l4, these being rotatable in unison prising a turntable having peripheral seats for
with each other.
'
At one side of the cylinder 2| and ‘?xed to an
operating shaft 34 is a disk-like rotary cutter 35
which operates between a can, l6 upon the turn
table l4 and the lower open end of a cylinder 23 in
the cylinder 2|, this cutter 35 being horizontally
arranged and functions to cut the ?sh to avoid
surplus ?lling of the cans IS, the cutter 35 being
located at the packing side'of the cylinder 2| and
its shaft 34 is power driven in any suitable man
30
ner.
.
.
In'the operation of the machine the dressed ?sh
are delivered into the cylinders 23 at the ?lling
side of the cylinder 2|, either manually or me
chanically, and'as the turntable I4 and cylinder
2| rotate in unison with each other, the ?lled cyl
inders 23 through the action of the plungers or
pistons 24 will deliver the ?sh successively into
the cans‘ I6 on the turntable |4 while the cutter
35 severs super?uous ?sh at the top open ends
11.0 of the cans to avoid over?lling, .of the latter.
The packed cans of ?sh are taken from the ma
chine by successive removal from the turntable
I4 and empty cans substituted so that in this
manner ?sh can be mechanically and automati
cally packed ‘in a fast economical way in the
cans l6, reducing the spoilage to a minimum and
such‘?lled cans after passing the cutter are re
moved from the turntable and conveyed from
50
the machine to steam boxes where the same are
cooked and thereafter sent to a sealing ma
chine where the lids are put on and the cans
sealed, the packing and ?lling operations of the
machine being continuous in the working there
cans, a cylinder turnable with the table and hav
ing cylinders aligned with the seats, pistons op
erating within the cylinders and movable without
the same, trackage e?ecting movement of the
pistons, a cutter operating between the turn
table and said cylinder, and means for adjust—
ing the cylinder With relation to the turntable.
_3. A machine of the character described com
prising a turntable having peripheral seats for
cans, a. cylinder turnable with the table and
having cylinders aligned with the seats, pistons '
operating within the cylinders and movable
Without the same, trackage effecting movement
of the pistons, a cutter operating between the
turntable and said cylinder, means for adjusting
the cylinder with relation to the turntable, and ;
means for adjustment of the cutter with relation
to the cylinder and turntable.
4. A machine of the character described com
prising a turntable having peripheral seats for
cans, a cylinder turnable with the table and 40
having cylinders aligned with the seats, pistons
operating within the cylinders and movable with
out the same, trackage effecting movement of the
pistons, a cutter operating between the turnta
ble and said cylinder, means for adjusting the
cylinder with relation to the turntable, means for
adjustment of the cutter with relation to the
cylinder and turntable, and guides associated with
the cylinder for the said pistons.
5. A machine of the character described com
prising a turntable having peripheral seats for
cans, a, cylinder turnable with the table and
having cylinders aligned with the seats, pistons
the turntable M in conformity with the sizes of
the cans H? to be ?lled and- packed.
The shaft 34 carries an adjustable collar 36.
which enables vertical adjustment of the cutter
35 in conformity with the adjustment of the re
lationship of the turntable and cylinder. It is,
operating within the cylinders and movable with
out the same, trackage effecting movement of the
pistons, a cutter operating between the turnta
ble and said cylinder, means for adjusting the
cylinder with relation to the turntable, means for
adjustment of the cutter with relation to the
cylinder and turntable, guides associated with the
cylinder for the said pistons, and a support for the
of course, understood that a suitable shelving con
trackage.
of.
The cylinder'2l is-adjustable with relation to
centric to the shaft l0 and supported from the
CHARLES L. DONEY.
50
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