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Патент USA US2127467

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Aug. 16, 1938. ,
‘
H. R. FREUND
, 2,127,467
MATRIX FONT DISTIIYGUISHER
Filed Nov. 2, 1937
3 Sheets-Sheet l I
INVENTOR
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“PM éw’iim
I
t
ATTORNEYS
‘
i
‘
Aug. 16, ‘1938.
2,127,467
H. R{ FREUND v
MATRIX FONT IDISTINGUISHER I
Filed Nov. 2, 1937
v
3 Sheets-She'et 2
.
INVENTORI
fir/17a)?
R. E'eund
BY
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ATTORNEYS _
‘
A‘ug- 16, 1938‘
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_ H. R. FREUND
'
I
MATRIX
FONT
2,127,467
DISTINGUISHER
Filled Nov. 2, 1937
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
62
l‘lér'lmm R- E'eu d
'
BY
ATTOR N EYS
2,127,461
Patented Aug. 16, 1938
UNl'l‘ED STATES PATENT oFri-cE
MATRIX FONT DISTINGUISHER
Herman R. Freund, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to
Intertype Corporation, Brooklyn, N. Y., a cor
poration of New York
Application November 2, 1937, Serial No. 172,420
18 Claims.
The present invention relates to improvements
in typographical machines, and more particularly
to those of the class shown and described gener
ally in U. S. Letters Patent No. 436,532 granted
September 16, 1890, wherein character bearing
-s
matrices stored in the appropriate channels of a
magazine are delivered therefrom and assembled
into lines from which type bars or slugs are cast,
after which the matrices are returned by a dis
6 tributor to the proper channels of the magazine
from which they were drawn, and the invention
relates more especially to the more recently de
veloped machines of this class adapted to hold a
plurality of magazines, each containing a font
‘115 of matrices, and from one or another of which
matrices may be drawn for assembly into lines.
As well known to those familiar with these
machines, the matrices comprised within a given
font are alike as to point size of the type char
r20 acters thereon ‘and as to style or face of the let~
iters-or characters. To prevent delivery to the
distributor, and consequently to a particular
magazine in use, of matrices of a point size dif
hundred or more matrices which have one» or
more point distinguishing notches in» their bot
tom edge for cooperation with the well‘ known
font distinguishers or font separators commonly
employed on single and plural distributor ma- :,
chines, the latter being known as “mixer” ma
chines in which matrices from two different fonts,
each stored in its own magazine, are composed
in the same line and, for separating purposes,
require that the separating notches, better known 1.0
as “mixer” notches, differ in location on the
matrices of the respective fonts in order to in“
sure their return to the proper one of the‘ two
magazines which are simultaneously in use.
In view of the existence, according to standard 113
practice, of these point distinguishing notches
along the bottom edges of all matrices, it follows
that to be practical, any notching system which
may be adopted for distinguishing as to style
or' face mustbe suitable for application to exist- “
ing-matrices as wellas new ones,,and must neither
destroy nor interferewith the proper functioning
of the established point notchingiisystemh The
fering from that of the font in the particular
prior proposal ‘above referred to,'however, consti
magazine or magazines in use at the time, the
machines are provided‘with a so-called font dis
tutes a radical departure from this standard as
tinguisher which cooperates with font notches
cal side .of each1 matrix instead of in the bottom
edge,.a face notch in the same vertical: edge and
another face notchin the bottom‘ edgeythe‘loca
cut in the bottom edges of the matrices. The
notching system comprises one or more point dis
tinguishing notches‘ located at certain lateral ‘po
‘sitions alongthc bottom edges of the matrices
‘to thereby designate the point size.
$3.5
(Cl. 199-40)
.
vIn addition to distinguishing ‘the various. fonts
o?‘matrices from one another in respect to the
size orf“point” of the characters there is the
problem of ‘further distinguishing them. in re
spectito the style or face of the characters, it
‘being obvious that "matrices from a number of
fonts of the‘ same point size, but belonging in dif
ferent magazines because they differ as to style
or ,face, ‘would pass a point distinguisher set
forv the point size common to the several, fonts
and thusibe distributed into the same magazine,
thereby. resulting in confusion, annoyance and
loss of time due to a mixture ofwrong faces. ,
, ,While it haslbeen proposed to distinguish mat
rices as to style or face as ,well as point size by
providing on the matrices additionalnotches for
face‘. distinguishing purposes and providing ad
ditional distinguishers to cooperate with such
notches, ‘suchproposal has been found imprac~
tical ‘for the reason that it is not adaptable ‘to
standard machines and matrices. To elucidate,
there are many thousands of matrix fonts in use.
\ “each ‘font comprising a complement. of twelve
practice, it providing the point notch in a verti- I
tion of one~face3notch being directlyldependentjo
uponithe locationof the other“ ‘Moreover, it was ‘
proposed to vary the depth of the face notchin
the vertical1edge,:but such‘deepernotches are
impractical for the reason that they seriously
weaken the matrices so that the‘ latter- may' eas- I‘ 35
iilyibecomerdistorted and: useless.‘
I.
i
'1
i
The object of the present invention is to, pro
vide‘aifacenotchingysysteml which will be thor
oughlypractical for the‘ reason‘that it canbe
appliedgto existing matrix ‘fonts andto new-‘fonts (4.;0
and ‘will ,work,,in,3 completewharmony. with ‘the
standard; point notching 1, system.; ‘To this‘end
the invention provides," in ‘conjunction with the
standard pointv distinguishing ‘ notchesin the bot
‘tom ‘ edges‘jof matrices, 1two “face distinguishing ‘
notcheswalsoiin, the bottomwedges, eachof the
latter .notches ‘. being independently variablein
location ‘in order to: providethemaximum num
ber of‘combinationslobtainable for use with each
different point ,notchlocation, Actually,‘ as- will
ing to the,‘presentllinventio‘n provides twenty
one. face ,no‘tch, combinations" ‘for, any one point
notch ammonium‘ other words, it enables ‘twen
later‘b‘e ‘seength‘e face, nqtchingf‘ system, accord
ty-onel'm‘at‘rixffontsidiffering in. style or face but (‘55
2
2,127,467
all of the same point size to be distinguished from
each other. The font distinguisher blades neces
sary for cooperation with the notches involved in
this new system are, according to the present in
vention, entirely independent of one another and
thus capable of individual relative adjustment.
A further object of the invention is to provide
for automatic independent adjustment of the sev
eral font distinguisher blades whenever, a dif
ferent matrix font is brought into operative po
sition, to provide for removal from operative
position of any or all of the blades, and for pro
tection against jamming or damage to any blade
that may be engaged in a matrix notch, or to the
15 mechanism associated therewith, should the mag
azines be shifted before the matrices undergoing
distribution at the time have cleared all of the
blades. This latter safety feature involves a
yielding joint between the font distinguisher
20 blades and devices in the form of gauge plates
carried by the magazines which automatically
control the adjustment of these blades.
To these and other ends, the invention consists
in certain improvements and combinations and
25 arrangements of parts, all of which will be here
inafter described, the features of novelty being
pointed out more particularly in the claims at the
end of this speci?cation.
In the accompanying drawings:
30
Fig. l is a partial side elevation of a machine
showing the font and face distinguisher devices
of the present invention applied thereto.
Fig.
of the
Fig.
35
anism
2 is an enlarged detail view of the devices
invention shown at the upper left in Fig. 1.
2a is a partial right end view of the mech
shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 3 is another detail view of the devices in
Fig. 2, showing all of the font distinguisher blades
in inoperative position.
nel entrance F into which the matrices are de
livered by the distributing mechanism and at its
lower end to the usual assembler entrance G into
which the matrices fall when released from the
magazines in well known manner. While the
design and arrangement of the gauge plates
herein shown and described for adjusting the
several font distinguishers is specially suited to
a magazine unit which partakes of the cycloidal
motion above referred to when the unit is shifted, 10
it will be apparent that the gauge plates may be
altered in form and arrangement to suit recti
linear shifting motion, as employed in other type
of machines.
Prior to entering the distributing mechanism 15
the matrices pass through a so-called distributor
box at the entrance of which, in the particular
style of machine herein shown, there is located
the font distinguisher. In another construction
of these machines the font distinguisher or its 20
equivalent is located at the exit end of the dis
tributor box.
So far as the present invention
is concerned, however, it does not matter which
of these locations is used so long as all of the
distinguishers employed cooperate with the bot
tom edges only of the matrices.
25
Referring to Fig. 8 there is shown a matrix M
of the usual form in the bottom edge of which, to
the left of a vertical center line through the flat
side of the matrix, is the usual point distinguish 30
ing notch M—I. In practice this notch is lo
cated in different lateral positions in the bot
tom edge according to the point size of the font
and in certain instances additional notches may
be employed for separating matrices of two dif 35
ferent fonts used simultaneously as in the case
on mixer machines. However, the actual num
Similar parts are designated by the same refer
ence characters in the different ?gures.
The invention is shown by way of example as
60
applied to a machine of standard construction
such as that shown and described in U. S. Let
ters Patent No. 1,650,552, granted November 22,
1927, to J. R. Tomlin. As shown,‘ a plurality
65 of magazines A are mounted in superimposed
relation on separate base frames B secured to
ber of point distinguishing notches employed in
any font for separation according to point size
of matrices belonging to different fonts and the
particular location of the point notch or notches
along the bottom edge may be varied to suit
different requirements.
For the purpose of describing the present in
vention it is su?icient for the moment to deal
with the simplest form of matrix M having a
single point distinguishing notch M—l located at
some point along the bottom edge of the matrix
to the left of the center line hereinbefore men
tioned. According to the present invention there
is provided in the bottom edge of this matrix, and
to the right of the‘center line referred to, two
face distinguishing notches M—2, M—3 as indi
cated in the matrix I in Fig. 9. The relative
positions of the notches M—2 and M—3, one to
the other and of each to the point notch may
be varied to form different combinations for the
different matrix fonts according to the style
or design of the type face represented by the par
ticular font. Thus, the matrix I in Fig. 9 is rep
resentative of the location of the point and face
distinguishing notches in all of the matrices com
prising a font of a given point size and a given
style or face. The matrices 2 to 2| inclusive in
Fig. 9 are each representative, as to the location
of their notches, of all of the matrices of twenty
gether and supported as a movable unit in a
other fonts differing from one another as to
frame C relative to Which they may be shifted
fore and aft, in this particular instance by a
the style or design of the type face they repre
sent, all of these fonts, however, being alike as
to the point size of their type face. In all there 70
40
Fig. 4 is a detail view showing the gauge plate
on a magazine which cooperates with bell crank
levers‘ for actuating rods which adjust the dis
tinguisher blades.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 and shows
45 further details of the bell crank levers in that
?gure.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the bell crank levers
in cooperation with a gauge plate and connec
tions from these levers to the actuating rods.
50
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary section of one of the
actuating rods, showing the yielding joint there
in.
Fig. 8 shows in elevation a matrix of the usual
form.
55
.
Fig. 9 is a collective View, showing in elevation
a group of matrices notched in accordance with
the present invention.
70 cycloidal motion ofthe magazine unit, the unit
being supported on tracks D rigid with main
frame E of the machine. vBy shifting the maga
zine unit one or another magazine, each contain
.ing a font of matrices maybe brought into opera
75 tive relation at its upper end to the usual chan
are twenty-one different fonts of matrices as
indicated in Fig. 9, all of the fonts being of the
same point size, as designated by the point notch
M—l located in the same position in each font,
but each font is of a different style or design of
40
45
55
65
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2,127,467
type face. Fonts of different point sizes will
be indicated by different lateral positions of the
point notch M—l so that in each point size it
will be possible with the combination face notch
ing system just described to distinguish between
twenty-one different styles of type faces. Should
one of the face distinguishing notches M—2 or
lVl--3 ‘in a combination selected for a given font
correspond in location to a mixer point notch
10 ‘in an existing new font of matrices, such mixer
notch will conveniently become part of the com
bination serving for face distinguishing purposes.
To cooperate with the matrices notched as de
scribed above there is provided according to the
15 invention three font distinguisher blades or rails
22, 23 and 24 which matrices undergoing distri
bution must pass before they can enter the dis
tributor which transports them in the usual man—
ner back to the magazines in which they are
20 stored according to font. These distinguisher
blades preferably are arranged one in advance
of the other, see Fig. 2a, and project into the
path of matrices presented to the distributor so
as to register, with slight clearance, with the
25 notches in the bottom edges of the matrices. As
previously stated the distinguisher blades may be
located wherever convenient in advance of the
distributor and in the present instance they are
located at the entrance end of the usual distribu
30 tor box intowhich lines of matrices are delivered
in well known manner.
The distinguisher blades are adjustable later
ally across the path of the matrices presented
thereto and it is proposed to provide for their
spectively a link 39 and a lever 40, this link and
lever being pivotally mounted on studs 4| and 42
respectively and between the plates 28 and 29.
Slide 21 carrying the face distinguisher blade 24
is provided with pins 43, 44 pivotally engaging 5
respectively a link 45 and a lever 45,’ this link
and lever also being pivotally mounted on studs
4| and 42 but between the plates 29 and 3B.
As best shown in Fig. 2, slides 26 and 21 are
provided with cam surfaces 47 and 48 respec
10
tively which, upon suf?cient leftward movement
of the slides, ride under a ?xed pin 49 passing
through the plates 29 and 36]. Such oamming
action results in rocking the slides about the
respective pins 371 and 43 and retraction down 15
ward of the face distinguisher blades 23 and 24
to an inoperative position. Elongated slots 50
and 5! in the respective levers 40 and 46 provide
freedom for rocking movement of the slides, and
springs 52, 53 secured at their lower ends to pins 20
in the plates 29, 30 and at the upper end to pins
in the respective slides, rock the slides back to
operative position when the latter vare moved
sufficiently to the right to clear the pin 49.
Means is provided according to the present
invention for independently and automatically
moving each of the slides 25, 26 and 27 to thereby
locate the respective point and face distinguisher
blades 22, 23 and 24 in predetermined operative
positions, such means comprising devices'carried 30
by each magazine indicative of the point size and
the style or face of the matrices of the font con
tained in the magazine, and separately operable
yielding connections between said devices and the
35 automatic adjustment as by the known method ‘respective font distinguishers.
of employing suitable plates or gauges secured
Referring particularly to Figs. ll, 5 and 6, each
to the magazines and cooperating with a lever
connected to the font distinguisher. Since in
40
magazine A is provided with a gauge plate 54
removably secured thereto as by a screw 55, the
the present instance there are three font dis
plate being formed to overhang the left edge near
tinguishers, the distinguisher 22‘being associated
the lower left hand corner of the magazine.‘ The
with the point distinguishing notch M‘—l and the
distinguishers 23 ‘and 24 being associated with
plates 54 are provided withva‘ plurality of gauge
surfaces the locations of ‘which vary according
the face‘ distinguishing ‘notches M-2 and M—‘3
to the point size and style or face of the matrices
respectively, there are correspondingly three le
vers or lever systems for adjusting the respective
contained in a‘ particular‘magazine. "Ihus, the
distinguishers, and each‘ magazine carries ‘a plate
having three gauge "surfaces for actuating the
respective lever systems. The means referred to
for‘ adjusting the ‘several font distinguishers will
now be described, it being important at this point
to note that according to the'present invention
each of thedistinguisher's, 23‘and 24 for ‘exam
ple. are entirely independent and adjustable ‘rel
ative to one another ‘and ‘to ‘the point distin‘~
guisher 22. To state it ‘in another way, ‘adjust
ment of the distinguisher 23 is in no‘ way depend
ent‘up'onoraffected'by‘the adjustment of the
distinguisher 2T4‘and neither‘of these'distinguish
v
V "
‘
I
‘
‘
g
‘
‘The distin‘guish‘er blades 22, 23 and‘ .24 are
mounted on 'shiftable slides'25, 26 and ,2‘! respec
tively. "Each slide is supported freely ‘on pins‘ in
the upper ‘end of a lever and’ link‘ for moving it
horizontally and the ‘slides, levers and links‘ are
assembled as a uniti‘on‘ a’bra‘cket comprising ?at
plates 28,129‘ and 30'rigi ly secured together ‘as
bybolts 30a.'
“
“
'
1
'
‘
‘ ‘The 'slide‘25 carrying the‘ point‘distingu‘isher
blade 22 is provided withpins ori‘studs 3|,‘ 32
which pivotally ‘engage respectively‘ a link 33 ‘and
a‘ leveriii34, “the link and lév‘er‘ibeing“ pivotally
mounted‘ on‘ studs 35 ‘and’ 36‘ respectively. ‘ Slide
‘26 ‘carrying the ‘face 'distinguisher blade 23“is
75 provided with pins 31, 38 pivotally engaging re
the point size of‘ the matrix font and ledges 57
and ‘58 being indicative of ‘the style or face of
the font contained in the magazine. There are,
of course, as many ledges'or‘gauge surfaces on a O
the plate-ias‘there are ‘distinguisher blades; the
purpose of these‘ ledges being to‘ effect independ
ent and automatic adjustment of the‘distinguish
er blades to properv operative positions for regis
try with the point and face‘distingui‘shing notches
in the matrices of ‘different fonts. The gauge
plates; therefore, directly‘control‘ the‘setting of
the font distinguish‘er‘blades‘an‘d automatically
‘ers are dependent upon the adjustment of ‘the
‘point distinguisher 22;‘
plate 54 shown by 'wa‘y‘of example has three
ledges 56, 5'! and 58, ledge-‘i6 being indicative of
alter their setting each time/“a magazine con
taining a different font is‘ *shifted‘into operative (Si)
position on the machine. ‘
'
‘
l
‘
‘ To effect‘adjustme‘nt of the font dis‘tingui‘shers
in‘ advance of-‘the‘distributin‘g mechanism‘u‘nder
control of‘the' ‘gauge plates on‘the ‘magazines
there are providedithree independently‘ operable
sets of actuating ‘connections. ‘These connections
comprise ‘rods 59; fall ‘and?l pivotally fastened at
their‘ upper ends ‘ to the respective levers 34, ‘40
and 46 connected ‘to the ‘slides 25,25 and‘ 21 ‘and
at‘the‘ir lower‘en‘ds respectively to crank arms 62, ‘
63 and ‘64) The‘ ‘crank‘arr‘n 62 ‘is ‘pinned ‘to a
solid shaft 65 and the ‘arms 63 ‘and‘iill 'arepinned
to- hollow shafts 66 and El respectively, the for
mer ‘hollow shaft being‘ free to ‘rotate on‘ shaft
65 ‘and the ‘latter hollow‘ ‘shaft rotating‘ freely on 75
2,127,467
shaft 66. -' These shafts are carried in a bearing
68 on ?xed frame C. To the inner end of shaft
55 is secured a crank arm 69 and to the inner
ends of the hollow shafts 66 and 61 are secured
crank arms 10 and ‘II respectively. The crank
arm 69 is disposed in such position that it will
contact against gauge surface 56 on the under
zines for adjusting the blades. A convenient con
struction for this purpose is shown in Fig. 7
wherein the rod 60, for example, is shown divided
and ?tted with a sleeve 15 secured to the lower
portion thereof, a central longitudinal bore 16
in the sleeve accommodating the upper portion
of the rod and the latter being provided with a
side of the gauge plate 54 while a suitable stud
or roller 12 in crank arm 10 lies in position to
10 contact against the gauge surface or ledge 5‘! on
gauge plate 54 and a similar stud or roller 13 in
crank arm ‘II lies in such position that it will
contact against the gauge surface or ledge 58 on
gauge plate 54. A lug on each of the crank arms
Collar 17 of larger diameter than the bore 16
which collar reciprocates in a larger bore 18 con
centric with the bore 16 and bears against a 110
spring '79 seated in the bore 18. It will be evident
69, ‘I0 and ‘H, see Fig. 5, serves for securing to
these arms respectively tension springs 69a, 10a
and 1 la, each of which is secured at its outer end
the event that one or another of the blades is ~11 5
engaged with a matrix at the time a magazine is
moved into operative position which has a gauge
to a pin 14 in the frame C.
From the foregoing it will be evident that the
gauge surfaces or ledges on a gauge plate 54 of
any magazine moved into operative position on
plate which does not conform to the adjustment
of the blades for the particular matrices under
the machine with the assembler entrance G and
channel entrance F will contact with and rock
the crank arms 69, 10 and ‘II which in turn,
through rotation of the respective shafts to which
1. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a plurality of matrix face distinguishers
and a matrix point distinguisher, of a font of
these arms are secured, will rock the crank arms
in its bottom edge to cooperate with the respec
tive face and point distinguishers.
2. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a pair of matrix face distinguishers and
62, 63 and 64 respectively, thus transmitting mo
tion to the respective levers 34, 40 and 46 by vir
tue of the rods 59, 60 and 6| extending between
going distribution.
~20
I claim as my invention:—
matrices each provided with a plurality of notches ! '
these levers and the last above-mentioned crank
arms. As a result the slides 25, 26 and 21 and the
a matrix point distinguisher, of a font of matrices ‘
respective distinguisher blades 22, 23 and 24
thereon will be moved into such operative posi
edge to cooperate respectively with the face and
tions as determined by the respective gauge sur
faces 56, 51 and 58 on the gauge plates 54.
In the absence of a magazine in operative posi
tion on the machine, springs 69a, 10a and ‘Ha.
will rock the connections comprising the afore
mentioned crank arms, rods and levers to the
Lil) position shown in Fig. 3. Here the point dis~
tinguisher 22 stands in an inoperative position
each provided with three notches in its bottom
point distinguishers.
3. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a plurality of matrix face distinguishers . I
and a matrix point distinguisher, of a plurality
of fonts of matrices each provided with a plu
rality of notches in its bottom edge to cooperate
respectively with the face and point distinguish
e'rs, said notches differing in their relative loca 40
leftward movement being such as to block the en
trance of matrices into the distributor when no
magazine is in operative position on the ma
tions in the matrices of the different fonts.
4. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a plurality of relatively adjustable
matrix face distinguishers and a matrix point
distinguisher, of a font of matrices each provided 45
with a, plurality of notches in its bottom edge
chine.
to cooperate with the respective face and point
as far to the left as it is permitted to go as de
termined by a stop, not shown, the limit of its
As previously described su?icient left
ward movement of the slides 26 and 21 results in
distinguishers.
retraction downwardly of the face distinguisher
blades 23 and 24 to an inoperative position, such
retraction being effected by contact of the cam
surfaces 4‘! and 48 on the respective slides against
pin 49. Thus, in the absence of a magazine in
operative position, springs 10a and ‘I la acting on
5. In a typographical machine, the combina»
tion with a pair of relatively adjustable matrix
face distinguishers and a matrix point distm
guisher, of a. font of matrices each provided with
three notches in its bottom edge to cooperate
respectively with the face and point distin
the connections to slides 26 and 21 results in
forcing these slides leftward to the inoperative
position shown in Figure 3 where the slides will
remain until actuated by the introduction into
operative position of a magazine and its gauge
60 plate, whereupon crank arms 10 and ‘II will be
depressed against the tension of springs 10a and
7 la to move the respective slides 26 and 21 to the
right and clear of pin 49, springs 52 and 53 rock
ing the slides into horizontal position.
65
that the overmotion in the rods 59, 6B and 6|
permitted by this construction will absorb any
strain transmitted to the distinguisher blades in
Should the magazines be shifted and a maga
zine moved into operative position having differ
ently located gauge surfaces for setting the dis
tinguisher blades, it will be evident that any blade
still engaged with matrices in the previous line
70 would be subject to severe strain and possible
bending or damage to parts of the font distin
guisher mechanism. To avoid the ill effects un
der these circumstances, the invention provides
a yielding joint between the font distinguisher
blades and the gauge plates carried by the maga
.
.
.
.
.
:50
guishers.
6. In a typographical machine, the combina~'
55
tion with a plurality of matrix face distinguish
ers and a matrix point distinguisher, said dis
tinguishers being adjustable relatively to each
other, of a plurality of fonts of matrices each 60
provided with a plurality of notches in its bot
tom edge to cooperate respectively with the face
and point distinguishers, said notches differing
intheir relative locations in the matrices of the
different fonts.
65
7. In a typographical machine, the combina~
tion with a plurality of matrix face distinguish
ers and a matrix point distinguisher, said dis
tinguishers being relatively adjustable, of a plu
rality of fonts of matrices each provided with.
a plurality of notches in its bottom edge, one
adapted to cooperate with the point distinguish
er and others with the face distinguishers, said
notches differing in location in the matrices of
the respective fonts.
75
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2,127,467
8. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a pair of matrix face distinguishers
and a matrix point distinguisher, said face dis
tingushers being adjustable relatively to one an
other and to the point distinguisher, of a font
of matrices each provided with notches in its
bottom edge to cooperate with the pair of face
distinguishers and the point distinguisher.
9. In a typographical machine, the combina
10 tion with a pair of matrix face distinguishers
and a matrix point distinguisher, said face dis
tinguishers being adjustable relatively to one an
other and to the point distinguisher, of a plu
rality of fonts of matrices each provided with a
15 plurality of notches in its bottom edge to co
operate respectively with the face and point dis
tinguishers, said notches differing in their rela
tive location in the matrices of the different
fonts.
20
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10. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion of a channel through which matrices are
adapted to travel sidewise, a pair of matrix face
distinguishers and a matrix point distinguisher,
said face distinguishers being adjustable rela
tively to one another and to the point distin
guisher in a direction transversely of said chan
nel, and a plurality of fonts of matrices each
provided with a plurality of notches in its bot
tom edge to cooperate respectively with the face
30 and point distinguishers, said notches differing
in their relative locations in'the matrices of the
different fonts.
11. In a typographical machine, the combina
tion with a pair of matrix face distinguishers and
a matrix point distinguisher, of a plurality of
fonts of matrices alike as to point size but differ
ing as to style or face, the matrices in all fonts
being provided with a notch in their bottom
edges in the same location to designate the com
mon point size of the several fonts, and being
provided with a pair of notches in their bottom
edges differing in their relative locations with
respect to one another to designate the different
style or face of the matrices in each font.
'
12. In a typographical machine, the combina
45 tion
of a pair of matrix face distinguishers and
a matrix point distinguisher for separating
matrices of different fonts with notches in their
bottom edges varying in location according to
the point size and style or face of the matrices
in the font, each of said distinguishers being ad
justable independently of the other distin
guishers.
13. In a typographical machine adapted to
receive magazines containing fonts of matrices
55 of different point sizes and different styles or
faces, a point distinguisher and a pair of face
distinguishers for separating matrices of dif
ferent fonts with notches in their bottom edges
varying in location according to the point size and
style or face of the matrices in the font, said
distinguishers being relatively adjustable for co
operation with the notches in the matrices of
different fonts, and means on the magazines for
automatically controlling the adjustment of each
of the distinguishers to accord with the notches
in the matrices belonging to the respective maga
zines.
14. In a typographical machine adapted to
receive magazines containing fonts of matrices
70 of different point sizes and different styles or
faces, a point distinguisher and a pair of face
distinguishers for separating matrices of differ
ent fonts with notches in their bottom edges
varying in location according to the point size
and style or face. of the matrices in the font,
said distinguishers being relatively adjustable for
cooperation with the notches in the matrices of
different fonts, and means operative yieldably by
the magazines for automatically adjusting the
distinguishers to accord with the notches in the
matrices contained in the respective magazines.
15. In a typographical machine adapted to hold 10
magazines containing fonts of matrices of differ
ent point sizes and different styles or faces and
a
channel
through which
the matrices
are
adapted to travel to enter such magazines, a
matrix point distinguisher and a plurality of 15
matrix face distinguishers adjustable transversely
of said channel for separating matrices of differ
ent fonts with notches in their bottom edges
varying in location according to the point size
and style or face of the matrices in the font, and 20
means controlled according to the presence or
absence of a magazine in operative position for
rendering the distinguishers inoperative.
16, In a typographical machine adapted to
hold magazines containing fonts of matrices of 25
different point sizes and different styles or faces
and a channel through which the matrices are
adapted to travel to enter the magazines, a matrix
point distinguisher in the bottom of said chan
nel, a plurality of matrix face distinguishers 30
movable transversely of the bottom of said chan
nel for separating matrices of different fonts with
notches in their bottom edges varying in location
according to the point size and style or face of
the matrices in the font, and means for retract~ 35
ing the face distinguishers from operative posi—
tion relatively‘ to said channel in the absence
of a magazine in operative position in the
machine.
17. In a typographical machine adapted to
hold magazines containing fonts of matrices of
different point sizes and different styles or faces
and a channel through which the matrices are
adapted to travel to enter the magazines, a matrix
point distinguisher and a pair of matrix face 45
distinguishers adjustable transversely of said
channel for separating matrices of different fonts,
and means for retracting the face distinguishers
from operative position relatively to said channel
and for setting the point distinguisher in a posi
tion to arrest the advance of matrices in said
channel when a magazine is removed from opera
tive position in the machine.
18. In a typographical machine adapted to sup
port a plurality of magazines shiftably to bring
one or another thereof into operative position,
said magazines adapted to contain fonts of
matrices of different point sizes and different
styles or faces, a point distingnisher and a plu
rality of face distinguishers for separating 60
matrices of different fonts with notches in their
bottom edges varying in location according to
the point size and style or face of the matrices
in the font, said distinguishers being relatively
adjustable for cooperation with the notches in 65
the matrices of different fonts, and means opera
tive yieldingly by the magazines as they are
brought into operative position for automatically
adjusting the distinguishers to accord with the
notches in the matrices contained in the maga
zine brought into operative position.
HERMAN R,
70
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