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Патент USA US2127784

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Aug. 23, 1938.
G. RÖscH'
*l 2,127,784
_ PERMANENT HAIR WAVIING MACHINE
Filed March 4, 1935 ’
2 Sheets-Sheet l
H /
{Il/|nve
WAY
Aug. 23, 1938.
v G. RöscH
`
2,127,784
PERMANENT HAIR WAVING MACHINE
Filed March 4, 1935
,
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
'
J
ELJETAV RÜEEH
Patented Àug. 23, 1938
24,127,784
, UNITED STATES
PATENT oFFicE
2,127,734 '
v
~
PERMANENT-HAm-WAWNG MACHINE
Application March 4, lsaoaßse‘r'iai No. 9,278
11 claims.
My invention has for its object to provide ap
paratus for permanently waving the hair me
chanically by use of wave-Shapers and adjust
` able tighteners or clamps irnrnersible in a ñxing
I5l liquid contained in an open top vessel, the liquid
having been heated before placement in the ves..
"
Fig. 8-is a detail perspective view of a curling
pln.`
l Figi.’ 9 is ai perspective view of an insulating
clamp.
-
Inthe drawings, in which like letters and nu
merals of reference indicate like parts in all the
sel, or the vessel may be electrically heated in
any suitable way.
iigur'es,` and' referring particularly to Sheet 1
A` further object of the invention is to pro
vessel I» is' composed ofa‘ bottom 2, two integral
10 vide a liquid containing vessel with removable
ends that have means to eiîect liquid-tight clo
sure when the vessel is in use.
Further, it is an object to provide a vessel,
" in which the hair is placed for waving, which
15" will not permit the generation’of pressure with
in (as in the case of closed vessels), thus avoid
ing the danger of explosion or of soalding the
client by escaping steam.
y
Further, it is an object to provide means to
4
(ciliegi-13's) ‘
20 anchor the first wave-Shaper to the vessel, at
the endnearest the roots of the hair, while the
remainder of the wave-Shapers and their asso
ciated tighteners are arranged loosely along the
of the drawings, it will be seen that the waving
sides 3 and two removable end walls or gates 10
4 and 5. The end -walls are grooved at I3 and
the „ends of the walls 3 and the bottom 2 are
correspondingly. grooved as< at I4 to receive be
tween `them the rubber gaskets I5.
- In order toihold the end gates 4 and 5 in place
so no fluid leakage will occur, each end gate
has hooks .l which engage lugs 6 on the sides
3; each gate 4 and 5 also has side lugs 8 to be
engaged by. links 9 which are pivoted at IIJ to
levers I I, the levers in turn being pivoted at I2
to the sides 3` of the vessel and act as toggles
(see Fig. 5).
.
l
bottom of the vessel, thus allowing the hair to
'I'he Yvessel is held horizontally by means of a
bracket Il. secured on a hanger-rod I8 (the
25 s_hrink without putting undue strain on the
hanger-rod being rigid). The bracket is located
I
hair.
.
Another object of the invention is to provide
apparatus whereby it is possible to make waves
`
and curls at the same time.
purpose..
30v
Qther objects of‘ the invention will in part be
obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.
To the attainment of the aforesaid objects and
ends, the invention still further resides in the
„A novel details of construction, combination and
35"arrangement of parts, all of `which will be ñrst
fully described in the following detailed descrip
tion, and then be particularly pointed out in the
appended claims, reference being had to the ac
p `companying drawings, in which:
40
Fig. `1 ris a side elevation ofthe waving vessel.
‘Fi-g; 2 is atop plan view thereof, several wave
shapers being shown, two of which have their
associated clamps in place.
"
Fig. 31 is an enlarged side elevation of one of
45"‘the wave-Shapers and clamp assemblies.
Fig. 4 is `an enlarged vertical section on the
line 4-4 of Fig. 3, both clamps being place.l
Fig. 5 is a detail view of a toggle clamp ‘for
v `securing the end walls or gates of the vessel in
!50"plac"e.v
.I
_.
The vessel Imay 4be provided with a suitable
electrical heating unit` at the bottom to heat the
i'ixative fluid within the vessel, or the bottom I
may be made without the heating unit 22 and the
vessel may beheated by setting’ it on a stove,
themanner .of heating the vessel I not being
essentialto the present invention.
_The V_wave-Shaper` and clamp» assembly each
consists of a shaper. and` clamp device to hold the
hair to the Shaper.
Each shaper comprises a
base 23, a web 24 and a top‘ 25. Each clamp con
sists of apair of clamping< plates 26 having
flanges 21, the flange of one plate being spaced
from the flange of the other plates by balls 28
the two plates being held assembled by pairs of
springs 30. Each plate also has a finger engage
able lever 29 located between the springs of a
pair. The flanges 21 and levers 29 are not cen
tered with respect to the length of the plates 26,
but are arranged to one side of the center so that
Fig. 6 is a perspective View of a molding andV
heating press.
atthe back _end of the vessel. A drainage funnel
I94is secured to the bracket I1 by a thumb screw
2l), and `the funnel has a cock 2I for the usual
i
Fig. '7 is a central cross section of the press
lshown>-` in Fig. 6, an insulating clamp being
55"” “sh'own' associated ‘ with ‘the heating "press,
in use the clamps may beplaced with the lever
of one clamp staggered with respect to those of
adjacentclamps (see Fig. 2), thereby enabling
the shaper-clarnp’assembly units’to be placed
close together if' desired and'yet make it easy
2
2,127,784.
for the operator to manipulate the ñnger levers
29.
The sides 3 adjacent the front end of the ves
sei
have grooves 3| to receive projections 33
CII from the ends of a rod, bar or rail 32 which holds
the ñrst Shaper-clamp assembly immovable ad
jacent the l‘ront end of the vessel l. The other
Shaper-clamp assemblies remain loose in the Ves
sel l.
(See Figs. 2 and 4.)
This apparatus is distinguished from those
already known, in that the hair is not only
damped, but also immersed in a ñxing-bath.
In permanent-waving apparatus in which the
hair is damped only, the hair loses approximately
i'orty to fifty per cent. of the thickness of the
permanent wave: this does not happen with my
present invention, in view of the fact that the
hair is completely immersed in the iìxative, and
it can remain in it as long as may be desired.
hair. Besides, in this apparatus the wave
shapers and hair-tighteners are arranged loosely
at the bottom of the vessel, so that the toothed
supports of my invention No. 581,897 are no longer
necessary. The improvement which I have just
mentioned is based on the fact that, in producing
a permanent wave, the hair shrinks, and for this
reason it is necessary that the wave-Shapers
should be loose, with the exception of the first,
which is fixed to the vessel by means of the slid
ing rail 32.
Another improvement is with regard to the
handles of the hair-tighteners‘, which are disposed
lengthwise, thus facilitating their management.
I have arranged a receptacle I9 for liquid, Figs.
l and 2, in the form of a funnel in the back part
of the vessel, so that on opening the rear door 5,
the liquid falls into it and can be drawn oil"
by opening the corresponding tap 2|.
The execution of permanent-waving in accord
As one is dealing with a permanent hair-wav
ance with my present invention is also more eco
' ing and hair-dressing machine which often re
nomical, because, the iixing-liquid can be used
again.
Hair which is treated by my invention
quires the execution of waves and curls at the
same time, I have found it necessary to have an
can be permanently waved in more or less one
addition which makes possible the making of
to four minutes, and for this reason it is not
curls and waves. This addition is composed of a
device in the form of tongs 39-40 with a spring
42, which tongs compress the hair by means of
~ exposed to the heat for so long a time as with
other apparatus.
Another characteristic of my invention is that
the liquid put into the vessel does not exceed a
30 temperature of 100°, which makes it impossible
that the hair be damaged.
The true worth of the present invention con
sists in the fact that a lady who has had her hair
permanently waved with my apparatus has no
need to have it water-waved later on, with a
consequent saving of both time and money.
In the American and French apparatus already
known in the market, the length and depth of the
waves produced are equal: on the other hand,
40 with my apparatus, the length and depth of each
two rectangular pieces 3Q grooved on three of
their faces with different calibres (as at 35, 3G, 3l),
in which, by means of heat and the fixing-liquid,
permanent waves and curls can be obtained.
rectangular pieces is arranged is of great im
portance, because they are disposed of in such a
Way that they do not attain a greater heat than
is necessary, as they can be touched by the hands
without burning oneself. In addition to this, the
rectangular pieces revolve in turn on the mem
In order to curl the hair, small tongs and rods
of various sizes are used, according to the thick
American and French apparatus. Besides, in
these latter apparatus the wave-Shapers are ñxed
(of one piece only) and form, in consequence, only
hairdressers judge the degree of heat of their
waving-tongs by putting them near to the face,
and as it is possible to take the said rectangular
one size of waves, whereas in actual practice there
are more or less ten different sizes of waves, all of
pieces in the hand, one can employ the same
procedure to gauge their heat. For this reason
obtained with my apparatus.
This invention of mine is based on my previous
invention already patented by me in Germany
¿under No. 581,897, January 11, 1931. The im
provement of the present invention consists in the
fact that the vessel is constructed without a
cover, for which reason it does not produce any
force of steam, whereas in my previous invention
patented in Germany there was a continual
30
These tighteners can be heated before applying
them to the hair-either by gas or any other
method of heating. The manner in which the
vWave bear a relation of approximately 3_1; for
example, a wave of 30 mm. in length has a depth
of 8 to 12 mm., and for this reason vthe waves
differ from those obtained by the use of the
which can be executed with my invention. By
‘.means oi’ the adjustable wave-Shapers and hair
tighteners any length and depth of waves can be
20
bers 39.
ness of the hair.
It is a well-known fact that
it is not necessary to have the heat-controller .
which is used in the majority of electrically-heat
ed machines.
The special point of these curlers consists in
that the heat is applied from greater to lesser,
by which one effects an economy of time and
achieves better results.
In this way one attains by means of this system,
with only four or five sets of rectangular pieces
34, the same work in less time than is done by
other machines which use thirty or forty tubes, 60
because on applying the fifth set of rectangular
pieces, the first has already produced its effect.
danger of the vapour escaping to the head of the
client, because the steam-escape was very small.
In the present invention, the vessel has a mini
mum depth oi 5 centimeters. When making the
permanent waves, the ?xing liquid in it only at
tains a height of one-and-a-half centimetres at
the utmost, which makes it impossible that the
ñxative can be upset or spilt, because the support
maintains the vessel in a ñxed horizontal position,
thus freely permitting all movement.
Another improvement in this present invention
is that the hair is introduced at the bottom of the
vessel and by thev front, so that it is possible to
use they are suspended from a suitable over
make the waves much closer to the roots of the
to which it will be seen that two channeled plates
The chief value of these curlers consists in the
fact that the rectangular pieces, 34, have a thick
ness su?lìcient to maintain the heat which pro 65
duces the permanent curls.
When the units shown in Figs. 6 and '7 are in
head support by means of counter-balancing
cables, a well known way of supporting perma
nent wave instruments.
They head of the client is kept insulated by
means of an insulating press or clamp device
such as is shown in Figs. 7 and 9 by reference
75...
2,127,784.
4B carry rubber sheets 49 ,havingeportionsz 50
end _of said vessel being the front and the other
thereof clamped in the channels. One plate 48
has holes 5l for bolts 5,3 to pass thro-ugh, while
the other plate 48 has slots 52 to receive the bolts
5S, nuts 4'.' serving to clamp the rubber aprons
49 tightly to the hair adjacent the head, the
aprons 49 then lying ñat `against the headbe
neath the plates 48, as indicated in full lines, in
being the rear of the vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal
position, the» vessel having provision to pass the
hair to be treated into the vessel at the front
between the gaskets of the end of the bottom and
the adjacent end wall, and means to hold the end
walls in place` with the gaskets providing a
Fig. '7. It should be understood that the insu
liquid~tight joint.
10 lating means shown in Fig. 9 is used with the
The pins or rods 44 on which the hair His
wound for curling purposes are made in dilîerent
5. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
having'a bottom and side walls and end walls,
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and side walls, one
end of said vessel being the front and the other
sizes. (diameters) to cooperate with the diiîerent
grooves 35, 36, 31 ofthe members. 34. An end of
being the rear of the vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal po
the rod 44 is slit at‘45 so a. string 45 may be used
to tie the hair thereto at the beginning or end
sition, the vessel having provision to pass the hair
to be treated into the vessel at the front between
the gaskets of the end of the bottom and the ad
jacent end wall, means to hold the end walls in
place with the gaskets providing a liquid-tight
joint, and a drainage funnel with an outlet cock
mounted beneath the rear end of said vessel.
6. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
vessel I also by clamping it beneath the vessel
when the hair is in the vessel.
of the curl (see Fig. 8).
20
3
,
.
.
In using the apparatus the hair is put in at
the front of the vessel, between the rubbers and
the front door, and is at once lodged upon the
wave-Shapers, to which it is attached by means
of the hair-tighteners, theshape of whichper
mits the fixing-liquid to be all the time in con
having a bottom and side Walls and end walls,
tact with the hair.
What I claim is:
1. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
having a bottom and side walls fixed with rela
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and side Walls, one
end of said vessel being the front and the other
30 tion to the bottom, and detachable end walls,
means holding said end Walls in liquid-tight en
gagement with said bottom and side walls, in
combination with a plurality of shaper and
clamp assemblies locatable in the vessel cross
35 wise betwee-n the side Walls thereof, said vessel
having provisions to pass the hair into the vessel
at the bottom at the iront end of the same. be
tween the edge of the bottom and the adjacent
end wall.
'
2. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
having a bottom and side walls, and detachable
end walls, means holding said end walls in liquid
tight engagement with said bottom and side
walls iixed with relation to the bottom, in com
bination with a plurality of shaper and clamp
assemblies locatable in. the vessel crosswise be
tween the side walls thereof, said vessel having
provisions to pass the hair into the >vessel at
the bottom at the front end of the same be
50 tween the edge of the bottom and the adjacent
end wall, means to support said vessel horizon
40
tally, and means at the rear of the vessel to
receive the. liquid contents of the vessel when
the rear end wall is detached.
3. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
having a. bottom and side walls, and detachable
end walls, means holding said end walls in liquid
tight engagement with said bottom and side
Walls, in combination with a plurality of shaper
GO and clamp assemblies locatable in the vessel
crosswise between the side walls thereof, said
vessel having provisions` to pass the hair into the
Vessel at the bottom at the front end of the
same between the edge of the bottom and the
adjacent end wall, means to support said vessel
horizontally, means at the rear of the vessel to
receive the liquid contents of the vessel when
the rear end wall is detached, said last named
means comprising a funnel with an outlet cock,
and means to secure said funnel to said means
being the rear of the vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal 30
position, the vessel having provision to pass the
_hair to be treated into the vessel at the front
between the end of the bottom and the adjacent
end Wall, means to hold the end walls in place
with the gaskets providing a liquid-tight joint,
a set of Wave-Shaper and clamp assemblies lo
cated in said vessel set loosely on the bottom
thereof, and means to hold the assembly nearest
the front end of the vessel immovable when
clamped to the hair.
40
7. In apparatus of the class described, a vessel
having a bottom and side walls and end Walls,
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and Side walls, one
end of said vessel being the front and the other
being the rear of the vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal
position, the vessel having provision to pass the
hair to be treated into the vessel at the front be
tween the end of the bottom and the adjacent
end wall, means to hold the end walls in place 50
with the gaskets providing a liquid-tight joint,
a drainage funnel with an outlet cock mounted
beneath the rear end of said vessel, a set of wave
shaper and clamp assemblies located in said ves 55
sel set loosely on the bottom thereof, and means
to hold the assembly nearest the front end of
the vessel immovable when clamped to the hair.
8. In apparatus of the class described, a Ves
sel having a bottom and side walls and end walls, 60
rubber gaskets between said end Walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and side walls, one
end o-f said vessel being the front and the other
being the rear of the vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal
position, the vessel having provision to pass the
hair to be treated into the vessel at the front
between the end of the bottom and the adjacent
end wall, means to hold the end walls in place
to support.
with the gaskets providing a liquid-tight joint,
4. In apparatus of the class described, a'vessel
having a bottom and side walls and end walls,
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and side walls, one
a set of wave-Shaper and clamp assemblies lo
cated in said vessel set loosely on the bottom
thereof, and means to hold the assembly nearest
the front end of the vessel immovable when
.75.
4
2,127,784
clamped to the hair, said holding means compris
ing a cross bar having projections to fit into ver
tical grooves in the sidewalls of the vessel.
9. In apparatus of the class described, a ves
sel having a bottom and side walls and end walls,
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
adjacent ends of said bottom and Side walls, one
end of said Vessel being the front and the other
being the rear of the Vessel, means at the rear
adjacent ends of said bottom and side walls, one
end of said Vessel being the front and the other
being the rear of the Vessel, means at the rear
of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal po
sition, the vessel having provision to pass the 5
hair to be treated into the vessel at the front
between the end of the bottom and the adjacent
end wall, and means to hold the end walls in place
with the gaskets providing a liquid-tight joint,
10 of the vessel for supporting it in a horizontal po
sition, the Vessel having provision to pass the hair
their front ends and a cross bar having portions
to be treated into the vessel at the front between
the end of the bottom and the adjacent end Wall,
means to hold the end walls in place with the
15I gaskets providing a liquid-tight joint, a drain
to lie in said grooves for purposes described.
11. In apparatus of the class described, a ves
sel having a bottom and side walls, and detach
able end walls, means holding said end walls in 15
age funnel with an outlet cock mounted beneath
the rear end of said vessel, a set of wave-Shaper
and clamp assemblies located in said vessel set
loosely on the bottom thereof, and means to hold
the assembly nearest the front end of the Vessel
immovable when clamped to the hair, said hold
ing means comprising a cross bar having projec
tions to fit into vertical grooves in the side walls
of the vessel.
10. In apparatus of the class described, a ves
sel having a bottom and side walls and end walls,
rubber gaskets between said end walls and the
said side walls having Vertical grooves adjacent
liquid-tight engagement with said bottom and
side walls, in combination with a plurality of
Shaper and clamp assemblies locatable in the ves
sel crosswise between the side walls thereof, _said
shaper and clamp assemblies including an ele
ment over which the hair is placed and a clamp
to hold the hair thereto, in virtue of all of which
the box may be placed close to the scalp with the
hair entering from below between an end wall
and the adjacent edge of the bottom.
25
GUsTAV RöscH.
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