close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2127837

код для вставки
Au'g. 23, 1938.
c. s. w‘ENzEL
2,127,837
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Filed Sept. 25, 1936
l/
_
.
¿5%
wa s.
,5..
2
más
`än/uc/wtofr,
C15. WE/VZEL
¿UIMM/0310.
`
Patented Aug. 23, 1938
2,127,837
UNlTED STATES einem orties
2,127,837
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Charles S. Wenzel, Houston, Tex., assigner of
one-fifth to J. P. Markham, Jr., and two-fifths
to M. C‘. Jarvis, both of HoustomTex.
Application September 25, 1936, Serial No. 102,444
8 Claims.
The invention relates to building constructions
and has reference to specific constructions in
which building panels or other building elements
such as moldings, baseboards and doorbucks are
5 attached to supporting structures.
In the construction of buildings a common pro
cedure is to provide a steel frame-work to which
is secured .re-enforced concrete slabs to serve as
iloors, ceilings and outer walls. It is also com
10 mon to provide partitions having a suitable
frame-work frequently of metal. Such slabs and
frame-work are usually provided with a suitably
ñnished coating such as a synthetic Wear re
sistant composition, plaster or the like in order
l C that the desired ñnish may be obtained. In such
constructions provision must be made for suitably
securing in place such building elements as par
titions, moldings, baseboards, etc. Difficulties are
encountered in suitably anchoring such elements
20 in the type of construction just mentioned and
the present invention is concerned with problems
thus presented. Such difficulties are increased in
a case of anchoring of partitions for it is fre
quently desirable that the anchoring shall be
25 such that the partition may be changed With
out destruction thereof and yet that the anchor
ing is effective When the partition is in place.
It is therefore an object of the present invention
to provide in a building construction an improved
30 system of removably securing a partition in posi
tion.
Another object is the provision of a bendable
anchoring channel which may be removably se
cured to a building structure and to which may
35 be fixed an anchor strip of suitable material.
A further object is a building construction in
which a bendable channel member and anchor
ing strips are secured to a supporting structure
and utilized as a screed when applying a coating
40 to the supporting structure.
The invention possesses numerous other objects
and features of advantage, some of which, to
gether with the foregoing, are set forth in the fol
lowing description of speciñc structures embody
4
ing and utilizing the invention in a practical
manner. The description is to be considered as
illustrative only as other embodiments of the
invention will be apparent to the skilled artisan.
50 It is intended, however, that the invention shall
be construed only in the light of the prior art
and the appended claims.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a building construc
55 tion in which the invention is practically used
r”
for securing the partition and cooperating ele
ments in position.
,
Fig. 2 is a sectional view illustrating, in a gen
eral Way, the manner in which the invention is
practically applied.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a bendable chan
nel used in practicing the invention.
Fig. 2 represents a cross-section of a portion of
a building such as floor, ceiling or wall in which
l represents a base material such as hollow tile,
masonry, concrete or cement. To such base is
usually applied a suitable surface coating 2. In
order to illustrate generally the method of prac
ticing the invention a channel assembly 3 is
shown. This assembly may be applied before 15
coating 2 is applied or may be subsequently ap
plied by removing a portion of the lcoating 2 to
permit application of the‘assernbly.
The assembly comprises a channel 5 (see Fig.
3), of bendable material which is provided With 0
holes 6 and 'l in the webs and flanges respective
ly. While this is the preferred construction, it
is apparent that„since channel 5 is of relatively
light metal, the pre-formed holes may be omit
ted and desired holes made by piercing the metal N) 5
with the respective fasteners that pass there
through as hereinafter set forth. Assembly 3 is
secured to the base l by driving nails lil through
the web or channel 5 and into base material l
in order to anchor the member. A filler strip 3
is then positioned in the channel and is securely
held therein by flange fasteners 9 such as nails
or screws. The strip 8 may be of any suitable
material, wood beingpreierable, as will be ap
parent from the complete disclosure of the in
vention. From this general illustration of the
principles of the invention it is apparent that the
attachment of any structural element to the base
l may be accomplished by fastening or position
ing of a channel assembly 3 as described at the
desired location.
Fig. 1 illustrates a practical use of the inven
tion when removably securing a partition be
tween ceiling ll and floor l2. In such case a
channel assembly 3 is secured to each the ceiling
Il and the floor l2 in the proper position for a
partition generally designated as l5.
Coatings
2 are then applied, the channel assembly 3 serv
ingy as a screed when applying such coatings.
The partition generally designated as l5 corn
prises a frame-work l5 to which is attached a
layer of expanded metal or wire mesh which is
suitable for receiving and holding wall coatingsV
2 of suitable material. It is to be understood that
the coatings on iloor, partition and ceiling may
2
2,127,837
be of similar or different compositions to satisfy
requirements in a given instance.
Frame-work I6 is secured to filler strip II in
any suitable manner as, for example, by mortise
and tenori joint as shown at I'I in Fig. 1. If this
type of joint is used obviously the respective
method of using wedges which will become loose
as by drying or otherwise.
The foregoing is illustrative and not exhaustive
of the advantages of the invention and of the
manners in which the invention may be practi
cally applied.
members of the frame I6 may be sprung slightly
applications will be apparent to one skilled in the
to permit entry of the ends thereof into the mor
tise in filler strip 8. Other suitable and well
10 known methods of securing frame I6 to the
channel assembly may be utilized. Frame-work
I6 and mesh I9 having been assembled the parti
art after referring to the foregoing disclosure.
tion is completed by application of wall coat
ings 2.
The construction for securing the partition in
15
place is but one illustration of a practical appli
cationof the invention. Fig. 1 shows that appli
cation of the invention in the positioning of a
channel assembly near the upper end of the par
20 tition I5. The invention is thus applied in pro
viding suitable means for attaching picture mold
ing 2B which may be readily secured in place
through use of screws or nails 2I.
In a similar
manner a channel assembly may be made a part
of the lower portion of partition I5, as shown,
to facilitate attachment of the baseboard I8 in
a manner similar to that for securing molding
20 in place.
The invention may be used for numerous pur
30 poses in building construction where it is neces
sary to attach one member to a second member
which is of such nature that usual constructional
expedients are of little or no avail.
It is of spe
cial utility in connection with installation of par
titions, particularly in cases where relocation of
a partition is necessary. In usual constructions
if relocation of a partition is desired it is neces
sary to destroy the partition in the removal there
of and to construct the new partition in a new lo
40 cation. This is avoided by the present invention
in the following manner:
Referring to Fig. 1 coating 2 is removed from
the floor to the approximate level indicated by
dotted line 25.
In a similar manner the coat
ing is removed from the ceiling as indicated by
dotted line 26. The flange-to-ñller fasteners are
then removed from the exposed flanges which are
then bent into the plane of tl'ïe channel web.
Strip II is then free to move but for the fas
50 teners in the opposite flange of the channel 5.
The partition is then moved sidewardly as a unit
to withdraw the remaining fasteners from strip
8, whereupon the partition is free for movement
to its new location. At the new location new
55 channels 5 will have been provided, one flange
thereof being bent down to receive strips 8.
When the partition is located with said strips
positioned in the angle formed by the web and
the remaining flange, the channel is again formed
60 and flange fasteners provided as before. The
respective coating at both the old and new loca
tions can then be neatly repaired to complete
the alteration.
If a straight member is to be secured to a base
65 member which is biased or irregular, as is fre
quently the case, a further advantage of the in
vention is made apparent. In such case the de
sired number of channel members 5 are secured
70 in place. A level-line is then drawn between end
points and if any flanges extend above such line
such flanges may be readily sheared to the de
sired height. Filler strips of proper dimension
are then secured in the channels. This feature
75 has a material advantage over the previous
5.1
Other advantages and practical
I claim:
l. In a building _construction a support mem- ,
ber, a bendable strip attached thereto and having
an edge thereof bent outwardly therefrom to
form a flange, a ñller strip lying within the angle
thus formed, and fastener means passing through
one of the flanges of said channel to secure the
filler strip therein.
2. In a building construction a support mem
ber, a bendable strip attached thereto and hav
ing an edge thereof bent outwardly therefrom to
form a flange, a ñller strip lying within the angle 20
thus formed, fastener means passing through the
channel flanges to secure the filler strip therein,
and a finish coat on said support member.
3. In a building construction a support mem
ber, a bendable strip attached thereto and hav
ing the edges thereof bent outwardly to form a
channel, a filler strip lying within said chan
nel and secured thereto, and a finish coat on said
support member, the surface of said coat being
flush with the channel edges.
4. In a building construction a support mem
ber, a bendable strip attached thereto and hav
ing the edges thereof bent outwardly to form a
channel, a filler strip lying within said channel,
fasteners passing through the flanges of the
channel to secure the filler strip therein and a
finish coat on said support member, the surface
of said coat being flush with the channel edges.
5. In a building construction a support mem
ber, a channel member of bendable material at 40
tached to said support, a filler strip within thc
channel of said member, fastening means passing
through the sides of said member to secure said
filler strip therein, and a structural element at
tached to said strip.
6. In a building construction a support niem
ber, a channel member of bendable material at
tached to said support, a filler strip within the
channel of said member, fastening means pass
ing through the sides of said member to secure
said filler strip therein, a finish coat on said
support member, said channel member compris
ing a screed for applying said finish coat, and a
structural element attached to said filler strip.
'7. In a method of installing a partition the
steps of attaching bendable channels to the floor
and ceiling in the locating plane of said parti
tion, trimming the flanges of' said channels to a
level line and securing wood strips within said
channels, said strips having their exposed faces
in the plane of the level line.
8. A method of installing and attaching a uni
tary partition to coated surfaces comprising the
steps of removing the coating from the supports
in the plane of the desired location, securing
bendable L-members to the floor and ceiling with
the upstanding flanges in the plane of one face
of the desired partition, positioning the parti
tion unit against said upstanding flanges, flang
ing the horizontal edges of the bendable inem 70
bers against the other face of the partition,
whereby anchoring channels are formed, and re
coating the supporting surfaces adjacent the an
choring channels.
CHARLES S. WENZEL`
75
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
382 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа