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Патент USA US2127918

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Állg- 23, 1938~
G. P. HOFMANN
.
2,127,918`
CONTAINER FOR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES
Filed Aug. 24, 1933
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2,127,918
>intentar Aug. 23, 193s
UNITED kSTATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,127,918
CONTAINER FOR PHARMACEUTICAL
PURPO SES
Gustav Philip Hofmann, New york, N. Y.
Application August 2i, i933, Serial No. 686,528
lll Claims.
My invention relates to containers generally
and more specifically to a container which by
virtue of novel configuration and other char
acteristics is peculiarly adaptable to certain uses.
lt is the present practice of dispensers of
D
pharmaceutical preparations to use more or less
standard containers for their products, the par»
ticular form of which although varying in shape
with the quantity of preparation dispensed,
seldom, if ever, gives any indication of the nature
of the contents except insofar as visible markings
required to be placed on the outside‘ thereof tend
to serve such purpose.
The above is true of many preparations which
`could be named such as disiniectants, expensive
perfumes, etc., but, möre particularly of medicinal
configuration unmistakablyindicates the nature
of the contents to any user.
.
Another object of my invention resides in the
provision of a container of the type above re
ierred‘~to, which is not only positively discernible
so that the contents may be readily recognized,
but is not susceptible of being used in an in
advertent manner.
A further object of my invention resides in the
provision of a container of the above nature which .
is dimcult iil not impossible to separate from a
surface upon which it rests, so that the fact that
it is of a particular type containing poisonous or
other substances will be brought to the attention
preparations which are speciñc for certain
diseases but when taken, either accidentally or
of any person desiring to make use of. the con
tents thereof beiore access to the same may be
otherwise, in a manner different from that pre
had.
scribed usually involve very serious if not fatal
results.
Such preparations as a class are gen
erally referred to as poisons.
The danger accompanying the use of such prep
arations by the public has been recognized and as
a result the visible markings above referred to
are now required in most countries by law and
the form of the label affixed to the outside of
the container gives warning that serious con
sequencies may result from any misuse of the
¿s O contents. Such a label isv suflicient in the case oi‘
the prudent individual, but' serves little or no
purpose when a thoughtless or shortsightecl
person inadvertently picks up a container so
marked when seeking a similarly shaped one con
CA taining a difi’erent preparation, and administers
the contents without realizing that the mistake
has been mada> it will be understood that in
rase t'lne label is removed or displaced, no Warn
ing whatever is given as to the nature of the
contents.
inasmuch as poisons as a class are more coinu
mohly dispensed in small quantities, in vials made
of glass or other material or small bottles, it is
not surprising that mistakes are often made and
“ that despite extensive precautionary measures,
death due to accidental poisoning is extremely
prevalent. 'll‘hat containers used for poisons are
so ,similar in all respects, except for the use of
the above labels, to containers used for entirely
harmless preparations, as not to be positively
discernible from them under all conditions is
thought to be a factor contributing largely to
such accidental deaths.
' it is therefore an object of thev present inven
55
viding a distinct and conspicuous container for
use for the abovepurposes which by its unique
tion to prevent such deaths in the future by pro
Another object of the present invention is‘to ob
tain the above results and advantages in a con
tainer adaptable for use for the above purposes in
which ~the exterior thereof is so shaped that the
resultant of the force on the container caused
by pressure on the exterior surface thereof has a
downward component which tends to prevent the
separation of said container from the surface
upon which it rests. .
y
Still other not less important objects, such as ‘
the provision of a container having all of the 30
above advantages which is of such shape as to be
ornamental in appearance and not easily capsized,
which may be manufactured economically, ac
cording to conventional methods, and ex
cept as hereinafter described, may be used for 35
the same purposes as conventional types of con
tainers, will occur to persons skilled in the art
irorn reading the following description taken
with the accompanying drawing, it being un
derstood that the embodiments shown and de
scribed herein are by way of example only and
merely illustrate acceptable'modiñcations of my
invention coming with the scope of the claims ,
appended hereto.
In the drawing, briefly vdescribed as follows, 45
like `characters of references denote correspond
ing parts in all the views.
Figure l is a plan view of a preferred embodi
rnent of my invention in the form of a right cir
cular cone;
50
Figure 2 is a perspective view in elevation of the
embodiment shown in Fig. 1; while
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken in the plan
of line 3_3 of Fig. 1.
Figure 4 shows- a plan view of a modification or 55
2
2,127,9ie
my invention in the form of a right regular
pyramid; and
Figure 5 is an elevation of a third form which
my invention may assume, developed from
spherical segments, and is also intended to be
covered hereby.
Referring more particularly to Figures 1 to 3
inclusive of the drawing, a container in the form
of a bottle is shown constructed of glass or other
suitable material according to conventional
methods of manufacture, such container being
characterized by the fact that its exterior sur
face I0 is of such shape that it is practically im
possible to grasp it with the fingers of either
15 hand and lift it from the shelf or other surface
upon which it rests.
In this, my preferred embodiment of the in
vention, the exterior surface I0 of the container
proper from the edges I3 of the circular base to
20 the top thereof indicated at I5, presents a single
uninterrupted smooth exterior surface, the same
being in the form of a right circular cone offering
no protrusions which may be grasped to lift the
container when it is desired to gain access to its
25 contents. In order to obtain the best results, the
exterior surface I0 must be smooth and the an
gle which the exterior surface I0 forms with the
base or bottom should be such that the resultant
of the forces on the container caused by pressure
30 of the fingers against said exterior surface Ill
thereof has a downward component of force
which tends to prevent the separation of the con
tainer from the surface upon which it rests.
The cover piece II may be in the form of a'
35 stopper associated with medicine dropper, or
preferably is threaded as shown in Fig. 3, so that
when closed, the cover piece forms a perfectly
smooth continuation of the exterior surface IG.
If desired, the cover piece II may be provided
with a plurality of shallow grooves I2 which are
40 sufficient merely to permit its removal from the
container but cannot be grasped by pressure of
the fingers to pick it up.
The bottom of the container in the form of a
bottle, as shown at I4, may be slightly concave in
45 the center terminating in edges I3 which Will
have a tendency to create a suction beneath the
bottle, particularly if the surface upon which it
rests is damp or smooth as in the case of a glass
topped shelf or other surface.
50
'I‘his also makes it more diiiicult to pick the
bottle up with the fingers of either hand alone.
The inside of the container is shown with a bot
tom I6 which is lower in the center than at the
sides so that when medicine dropper is used, all
55 of the contents may be consumed without waste
due to residue.
It is also to be noted that due to the unique
shape of the container, if the same should- be-.
come capsized in some manner, it will roll on its
60 exterior surface IIJ upon the surface on which it
rests in a small circle having the position of the
top I5 as an approximate center, so that it is
less likely to roll over the edge of the shelf, table,
or other surface and fall therefrom with conse
quent breakage and loss of the contents.
This
is obviously an advantage in case of poisonous
substances which may have a harmful effect
upon furniture, clothing and the like with which
the same may come in'contact as a protection to
70 the same, and in the case of an expensive per
fume, as a preservation of the contents thereof.
In Fig. 4 a modification is shown in which the
same results may be obtained by a container IIl
in the shape. with its cover I I, .of a right regular
75 pyramid having a triangular base, it being un
derstood however, that all of the advantages
above outlined are present whether the base is
rectangular or polygonal, regular or not, pro
viding the exterior surface> including the cover, is
sufliciently smooth and is at such an angle to
the base that the resultant ofl vthe force on the
exterior of said container caused by pressure of
the fingers on the sides thereof has a downward
component of force which tends to prevent the
separation of the container from the surface
upon which it rests.
It should be understood however, that in order
to obtain such results, the cover piece II in each
instance should form a perfectly smooth-con
tinuation of the exterior surfaces i9 whatever
their dimensions or number.
Another form which my invention may assume
is shown in Fig. 5, in which the principle is the
same but the exterior surface I@ is developed ,
from a segment of a curve. In the modification
shown, the exterior surface I0 is a spherical seg'
ment, but it may as well be paraboloidal, ellip
soidal, or of other formin which the curvature
is such that the conditions outlined above in
connection with the description of the modifica
25
tion shown in Fig. 4 are met.
'I‘he practical utility of my invention should be
clear from the above description.
The container _
in any of its forms is of such a unique shape as
to give notice that it is of a type containing a
poisonous substance, when grasped accidentally
30
in daylight or darkness, or, by the blind, and in
addition cannot be lifted with one hand. In
order to separate it from the shelf or other sur
face upon which it rests, it must ñrst be moved
to the edge thereof by sliding it with one hand
over the surface, and then it may be grasped by
the fingers of the same or of the other hand by
sliding it farther beyond the edge of the surface
where bottom of the container becomes exposed.
The advantages are obvious. The container 40
may be used in hospitals, clinics, or the like, or
in the common household wherever it becomes
desirable to indicate unmistakably the nature of
the contents of the container, thereby prevent
ing the use thereof in an inadvertent manner.
Having described my invention in detail, I de
sire it to be understood that various changes and
modifications may be made therein without de
parting from the concept which I seek to cover
by the appended claims.
50
I claim as my invention:
l. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base, an indicating outer bounding
surface upstanding vertically from the base, any
vertical cross section of which bounding surface 55
is substantially parabolic or hyperbolic in form
whereby the resultant force on the hand effected
by grasping any part of said bounding surface
with the hand is upwardly along the said sur
face to thereby direct the hand upwardly along
the surface.
L
2. In a container for pharmaceutical prepa
rations having a base, an indicating outer bound
ing surface extending vertically uniformly un1
wardly and inwardly from the base to an apex,
the apex angle of any vertical cross section of
which surface is of a magnitude not less than ap
proximately 60 degrees.
3. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base, an indicating outer bounding
surface `extending uniformly upwardly and irl
wardly from the base to an apex, the apex angle
of any vertical cross section of which surface
is of such magnitude that the resultant force on
the hand effected by grasping the said surface 75
2,127,918
withvthe hand is upwardly along said surface to
thereby direct the hand upwardly along the sur
face.
4. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara-l
tions having a base', a conical indicating outer
bounding surface upstanding from the base, the
apex angle'of said conical surface being of such
magnitude that the resultant force on the hand
effected by grasping the said conical surface with
the hand is upwardly along said conical surface
to thereby direct the hand upwardly along. the
»conical surface.
5. In a, container for pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base, a conical indicating outer
15 bounding surface upstanding from the base, the
apex angle of which surface is of magnitude not
less than approximately 60 degrees.
'
6. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
3
9. In a container Ífor pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base and comprising a receptacle
portion, a closure for said receptacle portion, an
indicating outer bounding surface including said
closure upstanding vertically from the base, any
vertical cross section of which bounding surface
is substantially parabolic or hyperbolic in form
whereby the resultant force on the hand effected
by grasping any part of said bounding surface
with the hand is upwardly along said surface to 10
thereby direct the hand upwardly along the sur
face, said outerv bounding surface being smooth
and unobstructed throughout its extent.
10. In a container for pharmaceutical prepa-ra
tions having a base and comprising a receptacle 15
portion and a closure therefor, an indicating out
er bounding surface including said closure ex
tending uniformly upwardly and inwardly from
tions having a base, a pyramidical shaped indi
cating outer bounding surface, upstanding froml
the base to an apex, the apex angle of any verti
the base, the apex angle of which bounding sur
face is of‘magnitude not less than approximately
nitude that the resultant force on the hand eff
fected by grasping the said surface with the
60 degrees.
hand is upwardly along said surface to thereby
direct the hand upwardly along the surface, said.
outer bounding surface being comparatively 25
smooth and unobstructed throughout its extent.
,
7. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
25 tions having a base; a pyramidical shaped indi
cating outer bounding surface upstanding from
the base, the apex angle of said bounding surface
being of such magnitude that the resultant force
on the hand effected by grasping the said bound
.30 ing surface with the hand is upwardly along said
surface to thereby direct the hand upwardly along
the surface.
8. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base, an indicating outer bounding
cal cross section of which surface is of such mag
11. In a container for pharmaceutical prepara
tions having a base, an indicating outer bounding
surface extending uniformly upwardly and in
wardly from the base to an apex, the apex angle
of any vertical cross- section`of which surface _
is of such magnitude that the resultant force on
the hand eiîected by grasping the said surface
with the hand is upwardly along said surface to
35 surface extending uniformly upwardly and in » thereby direct the hand upwardly along the sur
wardly from the base to an apex, the apex angle face, said outer bounding surface being compara
of said surface being of such magnitude that the
resultant force on the hand effected by grasping
the said surface with the hand is upwardly along
40 the surface, said base being slightly concave in
the center thereof.
-
‘
20
tively smooth and unobstructed throughout its
extent.
GUsTAv P'niLiP HOFMANN.
35
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