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Патент USA US2127963

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Aug.23,1938.
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2,127,963
MoTHlfRooF- CABINET
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Filed Jan. 1.7,- 1934~~~m
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Aug. 23, r1938.
GfRo'ljTMAN
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MoTHBRóoF CABINET
Filed Ja'n. 17, 1934
ï" 2,127,963
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Aug. 23, 1938.
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G. ROTTMAN
MoTHPRQoF
CABINET
4Fileél Jan. 17, 1954
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2,127,963
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ATTORNEY
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2,127,963
Patented Aug. 23, 1938
vi¿AT"E-1\¿xT OFFICE
UNITED STATES
alienate;y
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George
Mo'rHPnooÉ
Buttman, Brooklyn, _N. Y.
Application January 17, 1934, Serial No. ‘706,946
I 2 Claims.
(Cl. S12-146) ‘
My invention relates to cabinets for storing
clothing or other articles for protection against
dust, light and moths. 'I‘he invention is shown
in the form of an upright cabinet which may be
sold by department stores and various other
stores, in collapsed condition or with the several
parts of the cabinet placed nat-wise against each
other, in order to permit the cabinet to be trans
ported and handled while in compact condition.
The cabinet is adapted to be quickly and easily
set up by the purchaser to form a cabinet suitable
for storing wearing apparel, clothing and various
other articles which require protection against
dust or moths.
The present cabinet may be set up inside of
an ordinary clothes closet or in any part of a
room where space is available, and it may. be dec
orated by being painted or otherwise ornamented
either to harmonize with other objects in the room
or to -give it the appearance of an article of fur
niture. If desired, the cabinet may, between sea
sons or whenever it is desirable, befolded up in
flat condition for storage as the device is of knock
down or foldable" construction, which permits
quick disassembly of the various parts Without
the use of any tools.
` The cabinet consists of a body having a top and
bottom detachably assembled in connection with
side walls, back wall and door, whichwalls' are
all formed of a continuous piece> of cardboard,
adapted‘to be slid in place to form with the ver
ticalwalls and bottom wall an independent com
partment. This compartment is contained with
in the cabinet, that is, it is inside the main in
terior of the cabinet and inside the door.
` 5.
Access to the compartment referred to may be
had after the door of the cabinet has been opened,
by sliding one of the dividing members to per
mit placing of articles into or removing them from
the compartment. The panels which co-operate :10
to partly form the compartment referred to are
slidably removable to permit the cabinet to be
collapsed and they are held in place by suitable
strips of wood or similar material, which are pro
vided With grooves, and these strips which are l5
inexpensive, also serve to stiffen the walls of the
cabinet.
`
These stripsv providing grooves for the sliding
panels and others to be described, may all be at
tached to the blank of cardboard or corrugated i20
board, so that when the blank is assembled with
the top and bottom members, the grooved strips
will be in proper position to receive the dividing
panels and to form the compartments herein de
,25
scribed.
In the preferred construction there is an addi
tional compartment provided at the top of the
cabinet to receive various articles such as hats,
caps and other articles.
This `>compartment is
also formed by sliding panels co-operating with .30
q or corrugated board, creased and folded‘along
the sides and top of the cabinet so that the con
vertical lines to form several panels adapted to
be placed at right angles to each other in order
to form the several vertical walls of the cabinet
tents of this compartment may be separately pro
and also to form a door by means of which access
is had to the interior of the cabinet.
"
Some of the features of my invention relate to
the construction of the several walls with the
strips of wood or other relatively stiff members
which form more or less of a frame for the top
and bottom members, as well as to secure and hold
the various vertical walls. All of these parts are
so constructed and related that they effectively
protect the interior of the cabinet against the en
trance of moths, and preferably also they prevent
the free circulation of air and the entry of dust
into the cabinet.
Another object of my invention is to provide
suitable means within the cabinet for sub-divid
ing the interior into different compartments suit
able for holding various articles independently of
other articles. For instance, I provide a com
partment at the bottom of the cabinet which is
55
formed partly of the vertical Walls of the cab
inet and partly of slidable panels which are
tected in addition to the protection afforded by
reason of its inclusion within the cabinet.` This 35
compartment is also accessible through the slid- «'
ing action of the panels.
. ,
In addition to the compartments referred to
and any others which may be similarly formed
inthe cabinet, I provide a space or main com
partment, preferably arranged between the up
per and lower compartments referred to, in which
articles of clothing may b_e hung full length and
be protected by the walls and door of the cab
inet.
My invention also contemplates a novel
means including a bar upon which various gar- " ‘
ments may be hung from ordinary clothes hang
ers. This bar device> is of knock-down construc
tion so that it permits the 'cabinet as a whole to
be shipped in flat condition and it permits the 50
cabinet to be knocked downinto flat >condition `
for storage.
,
y
ì
Another object of the invention isto provide
simple and4 effective means for detachably lock
ing the top and bottom members to the vertical 55
2
2,127,963
walls to hold the parts in assembled condition
and yet permit them to be disassembled easily.
Another obj ect is to provide a door made of the
same continuous piece of currugated board or
cardboard from which the vertical Walls are
formed, and means for engaging the free edges of
the door when in closed position to overlap these
edges and form efficient means for excluding
moths and dust from the interior of the cabinet.
Inasmuch as the entire cabinet may be made
of cardboard or corrugated board and strips
of wood which may be suitably grooved at a
very low expense, the cabinet as a Whole is
adapted to be made for sale at a very low cost
15 and at much less than it would cost for a car
penter to build a cabinet of wood, and it also
permits the cabinet to be sold in knockdown
form by department and other stores as- a com
plete article of merchandise, ready for rapid
20 assembly Wherever the cabinet is to be used.
I have shown my invention in different forms
as the main features of the invention are adapted
to be modified.
Other objects, advantages and
details of my invention will be set forth in the
25 detailed description of the preferred forms here
inafter.
In the drawings forming part of this appli
cation,
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a cabinet con
30 taining my invention in one form and in which
view a portion of the door is broken away to
show the interior parts,
Figure 2 is a vertical, sectional view taken on
the line 2-2 of Figure l,
35
Figure 3 is a cross sectional view taken on the
line 3-3 of Figure 1,
Figure 3,
,
Figure 5 is a detailed, sectional View taken on
kthe line 5_5 of Figure 4,
Figure 6 is a perspective View of part of a
vertical post forming part of the structure shown
in the preceding views,
45
`
8-8 of Figure 2,
Figure 9 is a perspective view of one end oi’
50 one of the sliding panels which co-operate to
form the interior compartments of the cabinet,
Figure 10 is a sectional view showing the mem
bers associated with the sliding partition,
Figure 11 is a perspective view showing one end
of the bar for supporting garment hangers,
Figure 12 is a plan view of the parts shown
in Figure 13 and illustrating these part-s being
folded into compact form,
Figure 13 is an elevation showing the interior
60 side of the blank which forms the vertical wall
and door with the various wooden members at
tached, and also parts of the devices for locking
the top and bottom members to the walls,
Figure 14 is a front elevation of a modified
'
65 form of the invention.
Figure 15 is a vertical, sectional view thereof
taken on the line I5-~-I5 of Figure 14,
Figure 16 is an inverted plan' view of a portion
of a panel which forms the bottom wall of the
top compartment, together with the device at
tached thereto for carrying material for repelling
moths, and the view is taken on the line IB-IG
of Figure 15,
Figure 17 is a plan view of the cabinet shown
in Figure 14,
bottom members,
Figure 20 is a sectional view taken on the line
2li-_29 of Figure 19,
Figure 21 is an enlarged detail View showing 10
means for locking the door ñaps, and
Figure 22 is a sectional view taken on the line
22-22 of Figure 21,
Fig. 23 is a section of the moth repelling vapor
izing device.
I will ñrst describe the form of my invention
shown in Figures 1 to 13 inclusive. In Figure 13
15
I have shown an inner face view of a sheet of
material I which may be cardboard or corru
gated board, preferably the latter, or any other 20
sheet material capable of being folded and of
forming the vertical walls and door of the cabi
net. This sheet is adapted to be folded and is
therefore preferably creased along the lines 2,
3, 4 running vertically of the sheet as viewed 25
in Figure 13, in order that the sections on each
side of the crease lines may be placed at right
angles to each other. The two sections 5 and
6 are to form the side walls of the cabinet; the
section ‘I between the crease lines 2, 3 is to form 30
the back wall, and the section 8 at the right is to
form the hinged door.
This blank is preferably supplied with the
members which are to guide the panels that
form the individual compartments as well as the
or otherwise attached to the sheet I. For in
stance, I have shown a vertical strip 9 applied to
the left hand of the blank> in Figure 13 to form
a corner post for the cabinet. Adjacent this post 40
near the top and bottom there are attached
wooden strips I 0, II running vertically and just
inside the strip 9. These strips IU, I I each have
a vertical groove I2 to receive one edge of a
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line
'1_-'I of Figure 2,
Figure 8 is a sectional View taken on the line
-75
part of the construction of the cabinet which is
shown in Figure 14, that is, the manner in which 5
the upright posts are attached to the top and
front corner post, either by being nailed, stapled,
Figure 4 is a sectional view of the lower portion
of the cabinet and taken on the line 4--4 of
V40
Figure 18 is a sectional View taken on the line
I8-I8 of Figure 14,
Figure 19 is a detailed sectional view showing
'
panel. Extending horizontally adjacent the for
ward ends of the strips Ifß, II are other strips
I3, I4, preferably of wood, and these have hori
zontal slots I5 cut therein and disposed at right
angles with the slots I2 of the strips I 0, II.
These horizontal strips I3, I4 are also adapted to
45
receive in their grooves each one edge of a panel 50
member as will be described. The section 6 of
the blank which is to form the opposite side wall
of the cabinet is also provided with the vertical
strips I0, II having the slots I2 and with the
horizontal strips I3, I4 having the horizontal slots 55
I5 the same as those attached to the section 5
but disposed in the opposite relation.
Extending vertically on each of the sections 5,
6 there is also attached a strip I 5 of wood and 60
these have slots I'I to receive the bar on which the
garment hangers are to be supported, as will be
set forth in detail hereinafter. These strips I6 in
addition to forming a means for attaching the
hanger bar also stiffen the walls of the blank 65
vertically.
The top and bottom members of the cabinet are
constructed similar to each other except that the
bottom member has the two runners I8 which are
not required on the top; and these runners rest 70
on the iioor and support the bottom member
above the floor. The top member I 9 is composed
of three strips 25 preferably made of wood and
which are similar to each other and are joined by
the mitred joints 2I .
The fourth or front side of 75
2,127,963
the top is formed by a strip 22 which is slightly
different from the strips 20 as will be pointed out.
Each strip 20 is provided with a slot 23 facing
inwardly of the top member and the front strip 22
is provided with a corresponding' slot 25 so that
there is a slot extending continuously around
these four members with the open sides of the
slots facing inwardly of the top. The sheet or
panel 26 of rectangular shape is -inserted in the
10 four slots 23, 25 of the frame members 20, 22 to
form a complete top wall for the top member with
the four wooden strips extending around and
enclosing the four edges of the panel.
` The bottom member 21 is constructed in the
Vsame manner vas the top member except for the
addition of the cleats or runners I8 which are an
added feature of the base as distinguished from
the top member. The top and bottom members
are assembled and the panels 26 may be glued in
the several slots or not, as desired, because it will
not be necessary to disassemble the top members
or the bottom members other than to detach them
from the vertical walls of the cabinet.
3
plates or blocks of wood 40 by means of the eye
lets 4I which also secure against the blocks the
base members 42 of the spring catch. From this
base there extends the plate 43 which is inclined
to extend toward the walls on which the attach
ment is secured and this plate is provided with an `
aperture 44 to receive a locking hook therein.
There is attached to one of the frame members of
the top and the bottom sections latch members
having a base 45 and an upwardly extending,
resilient arm 46 which is provided on its free end
with the hook 41 adapted to enter the aperture 44
of the members 43 to lock these two members
'together and thereby secure the top member or
the bottom member to the side walls to prevent
the top or bottom from becoming detached from
the cabinet after it has been assembled.
The several walls and door of the cabinet form
a main chamber or compartment 48 which, as
stated above, is sub-divided off into separate com~ 20'
partments. There is a panel 49 which slides ver
tically in the grooves I2 of the opposed strips II
and lying just inside the front door it forms a
vertical wall extending between the side walls of
25
the cabinet.
There is another panel 50 which is slìdable in
the slots I5 of the strips I4 in a horizontal direc
In addition to thehorizontal slots 23, 25 the three
frame members 20 have other slots 24 disposed at
right angles to the slots 23 and these several slots
on three sides of the top and bottom members are
adapted to receive respectively the top and bottom ‘ tion and this serves as a cover for closing the
edges of the three sections 5, 6, 1 which form the compartment 5I which is a sub-division of the 30
two side and rear walls of the cabinet. These main compartment 48 of the cabinet. Various
walls are not ordinarily intended to be glued into articles may be stored in this lower compart
ment, such as under clothing and various ar
the members 20, 22 because they are to be detach
able therefrom in order that the cabinet may be ticles which would ordinarily be stored in a cedar
chest. The contents of this compartment are ac
disassembled.
cessible when the door is opened, by sliding the 35
The door 8 is hinged to one of the side walls 6
along the crease line 4 and nothing is required to panel 59 forwardly to open the top of the com
make this connection air-and-moth proof. On partment, whereupon the user may reach in and
the opposite side o-f the front of the cabinet the place or remove articles in the compartment 5I,
post 9 is provided with a vertical slot 29 to receive after which the panel 50 may be slid back into
40
the free edge of the section 5 of the wall structure closed position, as shown in Figure 2.
There is another panel 52 which slides hori
therein and this post has a reduced projection 39
at both top and bottom acting as a dowel to be zontally in the slots I5 of the strips I3 into the
inserted in the apertures 3| in the frame of the position shown in Figure 2 to extend between the
top and bottom members. This corner post also side walls of the cabinet and to form the bottom
wall of an upper compartment 53. There is also
H has a slot 32 to form a ledge 33 along the corner
a panel 54 sliding in the vertical slots I2 of the
post. 'I'he strips 22 of the top and bottom mem
upper
members I Il to form a front wall for the
bers have corresponding slots 34 so that there are
compartment 53. 'I'his vertical panel has a cleat
ledges 33 formed around three sides of the front
of the cabinet o-r around all sides except the hinge 55 on its inner surface near the top, which cleat
is adapted to rest on the forward edge of the 50
line.
‘
panel 52 when the panel 54 is lowered
The door which forms part of the vertical wall horizontal
the purpose of obtaining access to the upper
structure is adaptedI to be forced past the ledges for
compartment 53. When the horizontal panel 52
33 so that the three edges of the door seat in the
is positioned with its forward edge just under the
slots 32, 34 in the vertical post 9 and in the front
members of the top and bottom sections of the edge of the vertical panel 54 the latter is held up 55
cabinet in order that the free edges of the door in closed position; and to lower this panel the
will be overlapped or enclosed within the slots to horizontal panel 52 is pushed back slightly to re
form air-tight, dust-proof and moth-proof closure move its forward edge from the support of the
panel 54. In order to manipulate these several
for the door.
I have shown a handle 35 provided at one side panels I have provided rings 56 attached to the 60
of the door to facilitate opening and closing the panels to be gripped by the hand in order to slide
latter; and I have shown means for holding the the panels in their respective slots.
In order to retain the parts in close contact to
door locked in closed position, consisting of a pin
make
them moth-proof I have provided clips ad~
36 attached to the post 9 and a hook member 31
jacent the corners of several of the compartment 65
“ on the door adapted to hook on to the pin 36.
This hook member is pivoted on the pin or eyelet panels as shown in Figure 9.
These clips consist in part of a yoke 51 strad
38 of the door and it is provided with an angular
slot 39 which will allow for adjustment of the dling the edge of the panel, to which they are at
hook to correspond with any variation in the tached by means of eyelets or rivets 58. From the
yokes extend the strap portions 59 which are bent 70
distance between the pins 38 and 36.
to form right angle extensions 59 reaching around
I have provided simple snap devices for secur
ing the top and bottom- members to the side walls the adjacent corner of the panel, these members
when the cabinet is assembled and these consist being more or less resilient. The spring arms 63
of the following: There are attached to the side of these clips on the> panel are adapted to ex
'Walls 5 and 6 near- the top and bottom thereof tend into slots or cut-outs 6I in the strips 20 in 75
4
2,127,963
order to hold the walls 5, Gelose to the side edges
of the panel 52. Clips are attached to the panels
50, 49 of the lower compartment also and engage
in the cut-outs 52, 63. I have also shown simi
lar clips attached to the front corners of the panel
52.
These several clips hold the adjacent Walls
in close relation to the dividing panels, thereby
making the cabinet and the several compart
ments moth-proof.
10
The hanger bar 54 shown in Figure 11 is
adapted to extend between the opposite side walls
of the cabinet and is detachably secured to the
upright strips I6. On each end of the hanger
bar there is attached a sleeve 65 by means of
15 the screw 65, the sleeve having a slot 61 elongated
in the direction of the axis of the bar, so that
the sleeve may be slid to a limited extent upon
the end of the bar. From this sleeve there eX
tend two downwardly directed tongues 58, 69
20 shown as lying parallel to each other. In attach
ing the bar 64 in place it is positioned under the
panel 52 to extend crosswise of the cabinet, and
the ends of the bar are forced into the upper por
tions of the slots i1 of the strips I6. The sleeves
25 65 are then slid toward the adjacent wall of the
cabinet until the tongues 58, 59 are in position to
straddle the strip I 5 whereupon the bar 64 is 10W
ered so that the tongue 53 lies against the inner
surface of one of the strips I5 and the tongue 59
30 lies between the strip I 5 and the adjacent wall
of the cabinet and is received in the recess or
pocket 10 formed in the strip I5.
The same attachment is made at opposite ends
of the bar. This bar serves to hold the opposite
35 side walls in the correct spaced relation but it
is provided principally to form a support for
articles of clothing.
Clothes hangers may be
hooked onto the bar 54.
The operation of this form of my invention is
40 as follows: The blank l detached from the top
and bottom members may be folded upon itself
and in Fig-ure 12 I have shown these parts in the
act of being folded upy for packing, shipping or
storage. The top and bottom members, together
45 with the various panels which form the upper and
lower compartments, as well as the bar 64 may
all be packed in ñat relation to the folded blank
I, so that the cabinet in a knock-down form is
very compact for both shipping and storage pur
50 poses.
When the customer receives the cabinet in the
knock-down form he may proceed to set it up as
follows: The bottom member may be placed
with the cleats I8 resting on the floor. 'I‘he bot
tom edge of the blank i may now be inserted into
the several vertical slots of the bottom member
by directing the bottom edge of the section 5 into
the slot 24 of the bottom member, the bottom edge
of the section 1 into the vertical slot 24 of the
60 rear strip 23 and the bottom edge of the member
6 in the vertical slot of the strip 25 on the right
side of the bottom member. This will leave the
hinged door disposed at the front of the cabinet,
let us say in open position. As the blank I is thus
applied to the bottom member and the lower
edge forced into the vertical slots in the manner
described above, the plate 43 of the locking de
vice at each of the side walls 5 and 5 will slide
under the hooked end 41 of the members 46, the
70 plate 43 being inclined so that the end of the
hook will rise gradually against the surface of the
plate 43.
When the bottom of the blank I has been moved
down into the vertical slots of the bottom mem
75 ber 21 the hook 41 will snap into the aperture
of the plate 43 and this action takes place at both
sides of the cabinet as the locking devices are
attached to the sections 5 and 6 and to the bot
tom member adjacent thereto. The locking de
vices will retain the vertical walls in locked en
Ul
gagement with the locking member so that these
parts will not become detached accidentally.
The top member consisting of the panel 25 and
the strips 23 and 22 may now be applied at the
top of the cabinet by placing it above the verti
cal walls of the blank I and lowering it against
the top edges of the several sections 5, 6 and 1
so that the edges of these sections enter the ver
tical slots 24 of the several strips 20. As the
locking members are applied respectively to the
upper portions of the sections 5 and 5 and to ad
jacent portions of the top member, the plates 43
of these locking devices will also slide under the
hooks 41 of the corresponding members 46 until
the hooks register with the apertures of the plates
43, whereupon the hooks will enter these aper
tures and thus the top member will be locked in
place upon the vertical walls.
The door is placed in open position and the
several panels which are to form the upper and
lower compartments are now slid into place. The
panel 49 may be slid vertically into the slots I2
of the strips lû. The horizontal panel 5l! may be
slid into the horizontal slots I3 of the members
I4 and this completes the lower compartment 5I.
The panel 52 may be slid horizontally into the
slots I5 of the upper strips I4 until the forward
edge of the panel 52 is just behind the vertical
slots I2 of the upper members I0. The panel 54
may now be slid vertically into the slots I2 of
the upper members Ill and then the panel 52 35
is drawn forward slightly to bring its forward end
under the panel 54 to support the latter in closed
position.
The bar 64 may now be attached to the strips
I5 in the manner described above so that this 40
bar will be supported under the panel 52. Gar
ments mounted on ordinary garment hangers
may be supported from the bar 64 by engaging
the hooks of the hangers upon this bar and the
garments will hang down in the compartment 48 45
between the upper and lower compartments 53
and 5I, the space being intended to permit the
garments to hang full length. After the gar
ments have been hung in the cabinet and any
desired articles have been placed in the compart 50
ments 5I and 53, the door may be swung to closed
position and the three free edges of the door will
snap past the ledges 34 into the slots 32 and then
the hook 31 may be swung into engagement with
the pin 36 to hold the door closed. As the sev
eral free edges of the door are all overlapped by
the ledges 34, air, dust and moths are all pre
vented from entering the cabinet, so that the
entire contents of the latter are protected. At
60
any time it is desired to place additional gar
ments or other articles into the cabinet, or to
remove articles therefrom, it is only necessary to
vunhook the hook 31, swing open the door, and
this gives immediate access to the garments in
65
the compartment 48. If access is to be had to the
compartment 5l the panel 50 is slid forwardly for
this purpose. If access is to be had to the upper
compartment 53 the panel 52 is slid backwa-rdly
slightly, whereupon the panel 54 will move down
wardly until the cleat 55 rests on the forward 70
edge of the panel 52, thus permitting articles to
be placed into or removed from the compart
ment 53.
If the cabinet is to be knocked down for stor
75
5
2,127,963
age or other purposes, the operator may proceed
as follows: The tongues 46 of the two upper
locking devices are depressed to disengage the
plates 43, whereupon the top member may be
lifted off the vertical walls.
In like manner the hooks 46 of the lower lock
ing devices may be lifted out of the apertures
in the plates 43, whereupon the vertical wa'lls
may be disengaged from the bottom member 2'|.
The various panels 52, 55, 49 and 50 may be slid
out of their several slots before the cabinet is
disassembled and the bar 64 may be disengaged
from the strips I6. When the member I has
thus been disengaged from the top and bottom
members it may be folded as indicated in Figure
12 and the several panels may be placed ilat
against it for packing or storage.
In Figures 14 to 22 I have shown a modified
form of the invention. In this form the top and
bottom members are constructed of three wood
strips 'I3 united by mitred joints and disposed
in rectangular formation. These strips are pro
vided with horizontal slots 14 in which the panels
15 of the top and bottom members are inserted
edgewise. In addition, the strips 'I3 have slots
16 formed along their outer surfaces. The card
board 11 of which the side and rear walls are
formed, similar to the blank | in the first con
struction, are folded or bent over at the top and
bottom edges as shown at 18 co-extensive with
the side and back walls 19, 80. These bent-over
edges are adapted to enter the slots 16 of the
strips 13 in both the top and bottom members, as
shown in Figure 15, to form air-tight and moth
proof connections between the vertical walls and
the top and bottom members. At the front of
the cabinet and on the left side, as shown in
Figure 18, there is a vertical post 8| having a
slot 82 to receive the front edge of the left side
wall 19 and this post is preferably permanently
attached to this wall. The post 8| has a tongue
95 on each end adapted to enter slots 96 in the
top and bottom members. In this construction
I attach a vertical wood strip 83 to the right side
wall of the cabinet adjacent the hinge line of
the door.
‘
The post 8| is provided with a recess 84 ex
tending vertically along the same and the edge of
the panel forming part of the door seats in the
recess 84 when the door is closed. There is a
flap 85 which may be made of wood or other
material hinged as shown at 86 to the strip 13
of the top member. There is a similar overlap
ping strip 85 hinged at 86 to the strip 13 of the
bottom member and there is a third overlapped
strip 85 hinged at 89 to the post 8| and a fourth
overlapped strip 85 is hinged at 86 to the post
83. These overlapped strips 85 have their cor
ners ohamfered so that in the closed position
60 they have a mitred relation to each other. When
in the closed position, as shown in Figure 14,
these several overlap strips all cover the several
edges of the door and exclude air, dust and moths
from entering the cabinet around the several
edges of the door. I have provided means for
locking the several overlap strips in closed posi
tion, the means being the same at each of the
four meeting corners of the overlapped strips
and are as follows:
There is a small plate 99 adapted to move in
the slots 9| cut into the edges of the several
corners of the overlap strips. These plates are
pivoted on the pin 92 and there is a small handle
93 extending from the plate to be gripped by
the fingers for swinging the plates on the pivot,
These plates are adapted to be swung into the
position shown iii-Figure 14' so that the plate
attached to one of the overlapped strips enters
the slots 9| formed at the corner of an adjacent
overlap strip. While the overlap strips are be
ing moved into closed position the several plates
90 are swung so that they are principally con
ñned in the slot `9| of the strip to which they are
attached.
'
When all the strips,` have been folded into l10
closed position-in Figure 14, the operator grasps
the handle 93 and swings the plate 98 into posi
to project the plate into the slot 9| of the ad
jacent strip. When all of the plates have been
moved into locked position the several strips 15
cannot swing Aoutwardly because of the interlock
ing relation of the several plates 90. To open the
door it is necessary to i‘lrst swing back the plates
90 then >swing open `the overlapped strips, as
shown in Figure 15, `whereupon the door may be
swung
open.
.
Y
‘
'
Preferably the several panels and other in
terior parts described in connection with the
ñrst form of the invention are employed in` this
form also as shown in Figures 20 to 22. In as 25
sembling this form of the cabinet the bottom
member is placed so that the cleats I8 rest on
the iloor. Then the blank '|'| is wrapped around
the top and bottom members with the bent edges
'I8 entering the several slots 16 of the strips of 30
the top and bottom members and with the
doweled ends 95 of the vertical posts entering
the recesses 96. The top and bottom members
are assembled in like relation to the vertical
35
walls.
I have provided novel means for supplying
vaporizing moth-repelling material in the cabinet
and it is adapted for use in both cabinets de
scribed herein as well as in other types of cab
inets. I have shown a plate 91 attached to the 40
under side of the panel 52 which forms the bot
tom of the upper compartment and this has two
tongues 98 spaced from the panel. There is
a disk 99, having an elongated slot |00 in its
center, which is adapted to be attached to the 45
under side of the panel 52 by placing the member
99 with its slot |00 parallel with the tongues 98
and then turning the member as shown in Figure
16 so that the tongues 98 engage lopposite sides
of the slot I 00 and thus support the member 99 50
under the panel.
The member 99 whether circular or any other
shape, is made of corrugated board having top
and bottom sheets IUI, |92 with the intermediate
corrugated sheet |83 attached thereto and the
vaporizing moth-repelling material |84 is filled
in the spaces of the corrugations. 'I'his moth
repellent material may be applied in the spaces
of the corrugations at the time the corrugated
board is being formed on automatic machinery, 60
so that the repellent material is confined in
the spaces of the corrugations and between the
sheets |0|, |02 so that articles of clothing will
not come into direct contact with the moth
repellent material. The latter will vaporize 65
slowly, the vapor being emitted around the edges
of the member 99 and while suilicient vapor will
be given off to serve the purpose of repelling
moths from the cabinet, the material will vapor
ize so slowly that the slight portion thereof 70
which is exposed at any time will allow the ma
terial to last over a long period.
'
‘
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A collapsible cabinet comprising a blank
bent on vertical lines to form side and back 75
6
2,127,963
walls, and a hinged door closing one side of said
cabinet, top and bottom walls for closing the
ends of the cabinet, grooved strips attached to
the inner sides of the side walls of the cabinet
and extending horizontally thereof, other grooved
strips extending vertically and attached to said
side walls inside of but adjacent said door of
the cabinet, and a sliding panel slidable along
said horizontal strips, and another panel slid
able vertically in said second mentioned strips
and co-operating with said ñrst panel and with
the walls of the cabinet to form an inner com
partment accessible through said door and
through said second panel, the forward edge of
15 said horizontal panel forming a support for the
lower edge of the sliding vertical panel, said
horizontal panel being adapted to be moved back
wardly to allow the vertical panel to slide ver
tically, and a stop member on said Vertical panel
20 adapted to rest on the forward edge of the hori
zontal panel to hold the vertical panel in open
position.
'
2. A collapsible cabinet comprising a blank
bent on vertical lines to form side and back walls,
and a hinged door closing one side of said cabinet,
top and bottom walls for closing the ends of the
cabinet, grooved strips attached to the inner
sides of the side walls of the cabinet and extend
ing horizontally thereof, other grooved strips
extending vertically and attached to said side
walls inside of but adjacent said door of the
cabinet, and a sliding panel slidable along said
horizontal strips, and another panel slidable ver
tically in said second mentioned strips and co
operating with said first panel and with the Walls
of the cabinet to form an inner compartment
accessible through said door and through said 15
second panel, the forward edge of said horizontal
panel forming a support for the lower edge of
the sliding vertical panel, said horizontal panel
being adapted to be moved backwardly to allow
the vertical panel to slide vertically.
GEORGE ROTTMAN,
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