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Патент USA US2128000

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Aug-23,1938»
_o. A. KING
'
'
0
2,128,000
BEEHIVE
Filed May -l'7,v 1937
18 17
Wm!“
"*
1769.5
2/3.
10»
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Aug. 23, 1938.
O. A. KING
2,128,000 I
Patented Aug. 23, 1938
\ 2,128,060
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,128,000
BEEHIVE
Oral A. King, near Norfolk, Va.
Application May 17, 1937, Serial No. 143,165
8 Claims. (Cl. 6-4)
My invention relates to beehives and concerns
or is embodied in means, or instrumentalities,
which enable such manipulation or vmanagement
of the hive as will control the movements or
5 actions of the bees in the interest of swarm pre
vention; permit ‘the presence, without objection
from the bees, of two queen bees in the same
hive; enable the peaceful uniting of two colonies
10
in one; and enable rearing of young queens.
I refer, by way of example, to an embodiment
Fig. 10 is a detail perspective view of the com 5
bined entrance closer and alighting board.
The direct bene?cial results of the use of the
present invention is the maintenance of a large
strong colony of worker~bees in a hive, a larger
production of honey (in some instances-an in- ,
crease of more than 100% over old or prior prac
assembly composed of four tiered compartments
tices have been obtained), and reduction of ma
results above set forth and those after-mentioned
may be accomplished;
By my invention, the two queens are kept
apart, but worker bees have ready access to all
25 parts of the hive for the performance of the cus
tomary hive activities.
terial, labor and expense in preventing swarming
and in the operation of colonies, particularly in
uniting, in requeening before killing the old
queen and in forced supercedure, rearing of
queens and mating; and, furthermore, the inven
tion facilitates transferring, ventilating, provid
ing of top entrances and in wintering one colony
over another, all of which will be manifest to one
skilled in the art from the following disclosure.
When, in the usually active hive, there are sev
eral sealed queen cells, swarming‘ will occur, re
sulting in the colony being divided, thus leaving
the hive with a weaker colony and possible loss
of the swarmed bees as well as providing other
‘ My invention consists in the construction de
?ned-by or included within the terms or scope of
vexing problems and labors well known to the
the appended claims.
_ Broadly to avoid swarming, the present inven~
tion contemplates placing a new brood chamber
30 " In the drawings, which illustrate a satisfactory
‘ embodiment of my invention:—
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a beehive embody
ing my invention;
Fig. 2 is a view, partly in side elevation and
partly
in vertical section, of the upper brood
35
chamber and a portion of the super below it, with
the interposed bee-movement controlling board
arranged to prevent free passage of bees above‘
and below;
Fig. 3 is a similar View, with the parts that are
40
not shown in section, shown in end elevation;
Fig. 4 is a detail view in vertical section in a
larger scale of the board and adjacent parts of
brood frame and super with the parts arranged
45 to allow free passage of bees above and below the
board;
.55
Fig. 9 is a detail plan View of a portion of the
board grating member; and
of my invention which may comprise a hive
or bodies, namely, a brood chamber at bottom
and‘ top, each having a queen, and two supers
between, one on the bottom brood chamber with
a queen excluder between them and the other
below the top brood chamber with a separator
or control'board between them, having the char
acteristics of construction hereinafter described,
20. by the adjustment or manipulation of which the
50
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 3 with the board
grating'member in position;
apiarist.
‘
H (empty except for frames)v under the old
brood chamber I5 of the hive, in which latter the
colony is about to swarm, and interposing be
tween the two brood chambers a separation
board‘ (such as the control board I1—-I9 shown 35
in the drawings) or other suitable means which
will prevent communication by the bees between
the two brood chambers II and I5. Of course,
the lower or newly inserted brood chamber“ ll
may have an additional brood chamber I2 and/or
supers l4 placed upon it, between it and the sepa
ration board; and the upper or old brood cham
ber 15 of the colony may still have superposed
upon it such additional brood chamber or superls
which was originally the case with the hive be
fore the insertion of the new lower brood
chamber.
.
'
'
. Fig. 5 is a detail front view with the combined
‘ The lower or newly inserted brood chamber II
entrance closer and alighting board in position
should contain frames, of course, and at least
one of which frames, preferably in the center of
for use;
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the frame and
reversible and removable solid member of the
board shown separated;
Fig. '7 is a like view of the frame and grating
member of such board;
the chamber, contains capped brood cells and
one ripe queen cell.
The other frames may con
tain built-up comb or only certain of them may
have built-up comb and the other foundation.
If the lower or newly inserted brood chamber H
2
2,128,000
has immediately superposed upon it, a super
containing honey or other food store for the bees,
it may not be necessary to provide ?lled honey
comb in any of the frames in the lower or newly
inserted brood chamber. However, as an alter
native, the ripe queen cell may not be provided
or required in the frame containing the capped
brood cells, if it is desired to place another queen
within the lower or newly inserted brood cham
ber H; and, as a further alternative, it is not
necessary to provide a frame with capped brood
cells or with a ripe queen bee cell if other bees
and a queen (such as from package bees or
otherwise acquired) are placed in the lower
newly inserted brood chamber II to start a new
colony therein.
With the above arrangement, under any of the
conditions mentioned, the older bees‘ from the
‘upper brood chamber l5 will fly therefrom by
20 way of the entrance 22 and will return to the
hive through the entrance at the bottom board
I0 of the lower and newly inserted brood cham—
her I I, which is the entrance through which they
are accustomed to return to the hive, but in view
25 of the interposition of the separating board I‘!
and 19, above mentioned, these worker bees, to
gether with their queen, cannot ascend into the
upper brood chamber of the old colony. In this
~30
manner the upper brood chamber l5, and what
ever supers are imposed upon it, will be relieved
of a crowded condition and thus avert the tend
ency of the bees toward swarming as the older
bees, which have now entered the new brood
chamber I I, will continue to return thereto after
' ?eld ?ights and will establish a colony therein,
having accepted the new conditions‘ of the lower
brood chamber II with its new queen. Of
course it will be understood that if the lower
brood chamber is not provided in the ?rst in
40 stance with a live existing queen, but has a ripe
queen cell therein, after a day or two, the new
queen will hatch‘ out and within the usual time
will have her mating flight and return to- the hive
to perform the functions of the queen bee in the
45
normal way.
When the new brood in the upper brood cham
ber is hatched out (the upper brood chamber of
course still containing its queen and a certain
number of hive bees) it will, in due time, make
its ?eld ?ights and return to the hive through
50
the entrance 22 of the upper brood chamber l5,
thus establishing two colonies‘ in a single hive.
After a short period of time and after the
beekeeper has observed that the action of these
two colonies is normal he may then provide a
55
communication between the two colonies in any
suitable manner, but this communication should
be such that the worker bees from the two col
onies can only come in contact a few at a time
or in a very gradual manner and in this way
avoid a tendency of any contention or confusion
between the two colonies.
The separator board,
above referred to and which will be further more
speci?cally described, may be of such construc
tion that by mere reversing it this communica
tion, just mentioned, between two colonies can
be quite satisfactorily established.
In practice it has been found that the old
queen in the upper brood chamber I5 is attracted
70
by the brood therein and by this attraction she
does not travel below the old or upper brood
own brood chamber or above the board and, also,
of discouraging the queen bee from the upper
brood chamber l5 from going below the same;
but at certain times of the year during honey
?ow, the hive conditions may be such that it is
necessary, or at least desirable, to use a queen
excluder I3, at least in conjunction with the
lower brood chamber ll so as to keep the queen
bees from meeting. In this way, the two colonies
may be very peacefully united and thus establish 10
one strong colony with two queen bees, if sepa
rated one from the other.
,
,After the new queen in the lower colony has
acquired a fair size brood nest of her own the old
queen in the upper brood chamber may be dis
posed of and the two sets of brood united.
The present method has been found to de?
nitely check swarming after the colony has made
extensive preparations to swarm. Tests have
also been made upon colonies prior to their prep
aration to swarm, with the result that prepara
tion to swarm‘ and eventual swarming was
avoided.
’
s
The present method further eliminates the
necessity of continual search for queen bee cells
every 7 or 8 days, has resulted in larger crops of
honey, a larger force of bees to go to the ?elds
for collecting nectar, the hive having a series of
entrances which decreases the travel distance
within the hive—thus greatly decreasing conges 530
tion within the brood chamber—and providing
means for better ventilating the hive, especially
in warm weather.
'
Referring to the beehive assembly shown‘ in
Fig. 1 there is a bottom board ID on which rests ~
the new or inserted brood chamber H above re
ferred to containing a queen and above the
chamber II is a super 12 with an interposed
queen-excluder 13. A second super I4 is shown
above the super [2, and above the second super L40
:2 is a brood ‘chamber [5 covered by a top cover
Between the second super l4 and the top brood
chamber Il'ris placed my bee control board which
comprises an open rectangular wooden frame I‘!
which has the external and internal dimensions
245
substantially that of ‘the ' chamber and super
walls, but with an inwardly projecting narrow
ledge N3 of sheet metal for the removable sup
port of two members,-’a ?at solid 'member l9
and a grating 20 which'are interchangeably used
with the frame IT.
The ledge 18 is conveniently made of sheet
metal and includes two oppositely extending hor
izontal ?ange portions in different planes and
connected at their inner ends by a vertical por
tion.
The upper horizontal ?ange is suitably
secured to the frame H, such as set into a slot
therein, and the lower horizontal portion being
spaced a substantial distance from the frame
side, and forming with the vertical portion a seat
at each sideof the frame for either the solid
member H! or the grating member 20 by which
such members are supported on, all four sides of
the frame I‘! and spaced away from the interior
of the frame l1.
(See Figs. 4, 6 and. '7.)
_
The solid member [9 is of flat sheet form and
on one side has four strips or cleats 2l_ along each
of its four edges,—two at opposite edges extend
ing entirely across the member from side to side
and the other two being cut off at ‘their opposite
chamber; and, further, it has been observed that
the dividing board l'l—l9, above referred to, has
ends to provide short spaces Zia between such
a tendency to discourage the new queen in the
spaces a limited number of bees may pass at a
75 lower brood chamber H from going beyond her
time to the space outside the solid member, when,
ends and the other cleats, through each of which
so
2,128,000
as shown in Fig. 4, the member I9 is placed with
the cleats downward and resting on the ledge
I8 and with the sheet portion of the member 19
spaced above the upper or higher horizontal flange
of the ledge 18. When the member 19 is in its
position, with the cleats uppermost as shown in
Figs. 2, 3 and 6, the sheet portion of the member
will closely seat at all four edges on the ledge l8
and completely out off passage of bees. But, when
'10 the control board member 19 is inverted, as shown
in Fig. 4, the bees of the two colonies in the brood
chambers II and I5 of the hive, may pass freely
but gradually above and below the board and at
peace with one another, so that the two colonies
~15 will unite and with loyalty to both queens in the
brood chambers. The solid member is may be
built up of wood, of sheet metal, or of other suit
able material.
In what is the front bar of the frame H, I
provide at least a pair of relatively short open
ings 22 that reach between outside and inside of
the frame, each of said pairs of openings being
such as to'communicate, respectively, with an
adjacent chamber of the hive above and below
25 the board member I‘! for entrance and exit of
‘ the bees at such points. There is preferably a
pair of such openings 22 in each front and rear
of the frame ll bar, and one of ‘_ them opens
inside of the frame above the ledge 18 and the
30 other below it, (see Fig. 4). Both openings at
their outer ends open at the longitudinal center
of the bar, and from their outer ends may incline
upward and downward, respectively to locate
their inner ends, respectively, above and below
35
‘
40
45
the ledge I8. Either one or both openings 22
may be closed, at will, when occasion requires by
the closure device 23, best shown in Figs. 4, 5
and 10. Said device 23 is a sheet metal plate
bent so that it comprises a central plate member
a' and two oppositely projecting members or wings
b and c at right angles to the central member a
which aline with one another at midpoint of the
central member a. The member b is, preferably,
the same length as member a, while 0 is about
one-half that length, thus providing a wing d
of the same length as 0 but alined with or in
the plane of the member a so that in. cross-section
the closure device 23 is cruciform in shape. Any
one of the wings a, b, c or d of the closure de
50 vice 23 is adapted to be slipped or inserted be
tween the opposing edges of the board frame I‘!
and the wall of the adjacent chamber or super
until the then vertical members or wings abut
against the outer faces of such frame H or wall
55 chamber with one or the other vertical member
(as may be selected) lying over and closing the
outer ends of one or both bee openings 22. The
closure members or wings a and b are long enough
to cover both openings 22 while the other two 0
60 and d are only long enough to cover one opening.
Also, any one of the members or wings may serve
as an alighting board for the bees. Preferably
one of the longer opening closure wings b‘ is per
forated with small holes 24 to permit passage
of air for ventilation purposes, these perfora
tions, of course, being too small for bees to pass
through.
3
the wings and sliding the closure as desired either
one or the other of the openings 22 may be per
mitted to be closed and the other opened, or by
suitable sliding of the closure one opening 22
may be left uncovered and the other closed by
the perforated portion of the wing b» for ventila
tion purposes only. Also by suitable selection of
the wings a, b, e and d for closure purposes and
sliding the same in the manner which is under
stood, any one of the openings 22 may be par 10
tially closed to allow one ‘bee at a time to pass
into it or as many as maybe desired within the
capacity of the openings 22, while at the same
time the other opening 22 maybe entirely closed
by use of the wing at or may be closed merely for 15
ventilation purposes, as by vuse of the wing b,
or may be left partially open as through the use
of any one of the openings 0 or d; thus at least
as many as seven or more positions may be given
the closure device 23 by reason of the fact that 20
any one of its wings a, b, cor (1 may be inserted
and lie between the board ll’ and the adjacent
hive compartment.
When use of the solid member I9 is no longer
necessary, it is removed, but when that is done, ,
the grating 20 may replace it in the frame to
partly ?ll the space that would otherwise be left‘
between the bottoms of the‘ brood frames in the
top brood chamber and the tops of the frames in
the super below, which if left would cause the 30
bees to build comb therein. The grating 20, while
?lling that space suiiicient to prevent comb-build
ing therein, allows free passage of bees through
the grating slots and indeed serves as a sort of
ladder that aids the passage of thekbees between 35
super and brood chamber. The grating is com
posed of parallel strips of wood '26 held together
by transverse bolts 21 with washers or spacers 28
between adjacent strips to provide slots or inter
stices a bee-space-wide, thus forming a rectangle
that fits the seat of ledge 18. Such slots also
provide air passages for ventilation.
The openings 22 of the board may serve as top
entrances in winter.
The manipulations or adjustments required by 45
’my method and board are simple and may easily
be performed. Of course, changes may be made
from what I show and describe as a satisfactory
embodiment of my invention, without departure
from the latter.
What I claim is:-—
1. A bee controlling-board of the type described
for use between tiered up compartments of a hive,
said controlling board comprising a frame having
a central bee passage therethrough and support
ing means thereon, and a reversible control mem
ber in such frame resting on such supporting
means in the path of movement of bees through
the frame, said control member closing the bee
passage in the frame when in one position in said 60
frame, and to open said bee passage in the frame
when in an inverted position in the frame.
2. A beehive control board, as in claim 1, in
which the internal supporting means is a hori
zontally inwardly extending ledge, the frame (i5
having other bee passages which open above and
below the said ledge and lead from the frame
exterior.
By the proper insertion of the closure device
3. A beehive control board, as in claim 1, in
23 between opposing edges, as shown, to effect the
70 desired control of the hive, both openings 22 in which the internal supporting means is a hori 70
zontally extending ledge, and the reversible mem
the frame [1 may be closed by the wing at, one
closed and the other opened for ventilation only , ber is a sheet-form part adapted to rest on one
side at its edges upon said ledge and completely
by the wing b‘, or one closed and the other open
close said central bee passage vertically through
ing uncovered as by the use of either of the
the
frame and having on its opposite side ver 75
short
Wings
0
and
d;
or
by
suitable
selection
of
75
2,128,000
tical projections with horizontal bee passages,
said projections when the member is inverted be
ing adapted to rest on said ledge and support the
sheet-form or part above the ledge.
4. A beehive control board for use with hive
openings, the other‘ wings of said closure being
of a length to cover one of said entrance openings
at a time.
'
7. In a control device for beehives comprising
a member having two substantially close openings
compartments arranged one above another com
prising a frame-form member to be interposed
said openings having Wing portions, said wing
between the top and bottom edges of adjacent
compartments, a side of said frame member hav
portions being insertable between the edges of
adjacent portions of the hive whereby the closure
<10 ing a bee opening from the outside to the inside
thereof, and an opening closure having vertical
and horizontal portions at substantially right
angles to one another adapted, respectively and
selectively, to lie over such opening and to extend
15 between the frame and the adjacent hive part.
5. A beehive control board as in claim 4 in
which the opening closure has two opposite ver
tical portions and two opposite horizontal por
tions, both vertical portions being opening covers
20 and one of the horizontal portions being an
alighting board and the other horizontal portion
being slidably insertably between the edges of ad
jacent parts.
6. In a control device for beehives comprising
25 a member having two substantially close openings
for ingress and egress, and a closure member for
said openings having wing portions, said closure
member adapted to selectively have its wing
portions slidably disposed with respect to said en
30 trance openings to selectively open and close the
same or to partially open and close the same,
two of said wings of said closure member being
of a length adapted to cover said openings simul
taneously and one of said last mentioned wings
$35 having a perforated section the width of said
for ingress and egress, and a closure member for
member is held in place and permitted to be slid 10
from one position to another, two of said Wings
of said closure member being of a length adapted
to cover said openings simultaneously and one of
said last mentioned wings having a perforated
section the width of said openings, the other
wings of said closure being of a length to cover
one of said entrance openings at a time.
8. In a control device for beehives comprising
a member having two substantially close openings
for ingress and egress, and a closure member for 20
said openings having wing portions extending
therefrom whereby the closure is substantially
cruciform in end view, said wing portions being
insertable between the edges of adjacent portions
of the hive whereby the closure member is held
in place and permitted to be slid from one posi
tion to another, two of said wings of said closure
member being of a length adapted to cover said
openings simultaneously and one of said last men
tioned wings having a perforated section the :30
width of one of said openings, the other Wings of
said closure being of a length to cover one of said
entrance openings at a time.
ORAL A. KING.
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