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Патент USA US2128004

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Aug. 23, 1938.
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l
H. G. LOMBARD
2,128,004
_HAMMER DRIVEN4 SUPPORTING4 CLIP
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Filed June 1'7. 1957'l
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, Herman G. Lombard, Washington, D. (3..'assignor-
to' Albert H. 'l‘innermala Cleveland, 'Ohio
Application .lime 1':Ä 1937, serial No. nam
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(ci. sis-s)
.
This invention lrelates‘to means for mounting
receive the shank- cita bolt or clip. The devices '
herein proposed do not in any way complicate
the supporting structure now in usev since all that
is necessary is a simple, aperture to receive the
`, More particularly,'the invention is directe/d to stud member comprising the shank of the> device, 5
stud fastening devices constructed >i'rom a mini `while at the same time a less expensiv , more
mum. of relatively thin material' of sheet or strip vdurable and easily and quickly installed mount
' »
form, such as sheet metal, cold rolled metal, and in_g for an object is provided.
_This invention therefore contemplates the pro
the like, and designed for use in combination
10 with conduits, cables and like objects forrigidly vision of inexpensive securing devices. which may 1o
be constructed fromj a relatively, small section
mounting the same _in‘applied position on a sup
port without danger Y.of loosening or becoming of substantially ilat metal, such as sheet metal, ^-
cables, conduits, electrical conductors, tube lines,
rods.‘posts, and like objects in place upon a sup
port.
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_
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spring steel, cold rolled metal, and the like, by
accidentally removed incident to vibration, jar
ring and strain which may take place in the sup
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porting member.
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a minimum of die operations and without loss or
waste of _material whatsoever.
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A speciilc illustration of the use .to which the
devices of this invention may be put is the mount
ing of the gas lines, conduits, and cables employed
' ~on automobiles. In mounting -such objects, it
' 20 is essential that the mounting means be capable
. of being easily and quickly appliedand have a
firm, rigid engagement in vapplied position on the
~ A further object is to provide` a device con
structed from a substantially ilat blank and hav
ing
element
a shank
comprising
structure
a continuous
in the form
loopof member
a stud
adapted to be collapsed in an apertured part in 20 '
a substantial expanding action, to anchor‘the
device and rigidly retain an object in applied
'chassis or frame in order to withstand'vibration, Y mounted position on‘ such part.
Another object is to provide in9 sifch a device. ' '
f jarring and strain incident to use of the auto--A
25 mobile. If, as a result of such vibration or the -a loop-type stud member having a?projecting 25
portion to which the hammer blows or the like
like. slippage occurs tosuch extent that the ob
ject is lloose `in its mounting, dangerous wea;` and may be applied to distort the same and cause a
oifensive noises will result.
v
At the present time devices employed for
30 mounting cables. tube lines, and the‘like,`are
'
rcollapse ofthe loop member into a deformation
serving to lock the device in applied position in
an aperture..
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30
A still further object is to provide a device
expensive in manufacture due tothe amount of f" functioning substantially as a sheet metal rivet
bulky and cumbersome and also are unnecessarily
material required in their construction. lSome `and having a stud portion applicable to super
arrangements embody a well- known form of posed apertured members readily accessible from
35 clamp consisting of a section of'sheet metal dis
one side only and which maybe distorted by 35
posed around the tube or other object and pro
means applied thereto from the accessible side to
vided with an apertured projecting end seating distort the 'stud portion and thereby rigidly con
on the support and secured by a separatebolt
fastening passing through an aperture in Íthe .
40 support and engaging with the projecting end-of
nect the superposed members.
Y ’
' Further objects and advantages of the inven
non will be apparent carnose skmedln me art ""
the clamp. Other constructions >for mounting .as a description thereof prcceeeds `with reference
cables and‘like objects embody securing devices
comprising clips provided with shanks having a
substantial- snap-stud engagement in apertures
to the accompanying‘drawing in _which like ref
erence cliaracters'designate like parts throughout
the same, and in which:
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45 provided in the frame. This form-of device con
Fig. I represents a blank outline from which “s
sists of cooperating shank legs which are rela = a' form. oi’ the improved device may be con
tively yieldable to engage in the aperture in a
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'friction or press ilt. Suche. friction press fit structed;
Fig. 2 shows in side elevation the device which
has been found hardly effective to maintain a
50 `
50 clip in applied p_osition over any extended period ‘may be constructed from the blank of Fig. l;
Fig. 3 is an end view of Fig. 2;
,
of time under .conditions of continuous, hard
usage such as, for example, takes place 7in an " Fig. 4 is a perspective of the completed device:
~Il‘ig. 5 shows the device as applied to a support
automobile frame and chassis. '
_
for mounting a cable or the like, preparatory to
In any event, the supportdrame or other chas
65
55 sis part must be provided with an aperture to the upsetting of the stud member; `
2.
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2,128,004
Fig. 6 shows the device with the stud member
upset and in applied position on the support;
Fig. 7 is a section on line 'I--'I of Fig. 6 show
ing the application of the device in a round hole;
Fig. 8 is a similar view inf'a rectangular aper
ture;
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Fig. 9 is a perspective of the device as designed
for use as a sheet metal rivet;
4
Í'iî‘ig.A 10 shows the device of Fig.- 9 as applied
10
for securing superposed apertured members; and
Fig. 11 shows the device as upset and rigidly
securing the superposed members in locked rela
tion.
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This invention contemplates the provision> of a
15 simple, one-piece fastening device for application
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in an expanding action,- weakening means such '
as notches or recesses I9 are provided in the stud
element I3 asv shown in Figs. 2 and 3. Such .
_weakening recesses may be’of any suitable out
line and may be provided in the same stamping
and slitting operation by which the blank is ob
tained as represented in Fig. 1. Preferably the
said weakening notches are so disposed longitu
dinally of the stud element I3 as to ensure a
collapse thereof at the most effective point de
pending on y,the thickness of the supporting mem
ber substantially as indicated by the dotted line
position of the stud element I3 in Fig; 5.
‘
As illustrated in Figs. 2, 4, 5 and 6 one of the
body portions, preferably the upper portion I2,
to >apertured work from _one 'side of suchwork , is so designed as to include an object engaging 15
and comprises substantial loop-type stud mem
section 2B adapted to retain an object such as a
bers `which may be passed through an aperture tube line, cable, wire, or the like, in fixed rela
“om” one side of a support and then distorted' tion on the support. 'I'his object engaging sec->
20 from suchside -to expand the stud member in
tion 20 may be of any suitable shape but pref 20
serted through the aperture whereby the device
is flxedly retained in applied position mounting
an object on the support. Such fastening devices
erably is fashioned toïthe contour of the object
to thereby snugly engage the same. Although
the object engaging section is shown as provided
are particularly useful in all-metal-constructions ' from an end-edge of a body portion it is obvious
25 in which holes in the support are provided as by
that it may just as well be äobtained from a side
, punching or drilling and wherein the Shanks of
' the’ stud fastenings are not accessible for upset
ting after being inserted in the holes.
body portions.
In another relation, the securing devices com
prise a shank structure functioning> substantially
in the manner of a' sheet metal rivet applied to
superposed- apertured parts accessible from one
side only. In either use, the shank structure
35
edge thereof and,l if desired, may embody co- .
operating sections provided from each of the said
which is obtained for this purpose is, for- the
main part, a> substantial loop element embodying
a stud member adapted to ‘be upset in an aper
ture and an integral projecting head portion
which- may be flattened, as by hammer blows, to
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After the stud member comprising shank ele
ments I3, Il, has been inserted into an aperture 30
in the support S, and in engagementwith an
object such as wire O, the head member compris
ing sections I5, IB, is flattened -as by hammer
blows by hammer H, Fig. 5, thereby causing a
collapse _and distortion of the stud member, par 35
ticul'arly stud element I3, in an expanding action
substantially to the position indicated by dotted
lines in Fig. 5, and in full lines in Fig. 6, thus
presenting a locking shoulder 2I_ in rigid engage
of the stud portion in the aperture.
ment4 with the adjacent wall of the aperture.
Referring to the drawing, Fig. 1 represents a At the same time, the head section I8, being 40
blank/from which a preferred form of the de
pivotally’united with the body portion I2. at a
vice may be constructed. The blank is?a sub-l point removed from the stud member, as at I8,
'stantially rectangular section and accordingly may move about its pivot on being thus ham
maybe obtained without waste- from strip stock mered to a position substantially hush with its
or sheet material of any suitable fornrr such as associated body section I2,as‘ shown in Fig. 6.
sheet metal, cold rolled metal, and the‘like.
During the application of such hammer blows
The blank is suitably slit within its periphery to the head member the stud element I4 which is
along lines I, 2, to provide a continuous portion - suspended from the lower body portion' II di
50 III integral with the peripheral portions of the' rectly in the aperture, yis not subject toy any ma
,blank as at 4, il. The blank is then folded back terial deformation and accordingly will remain 50
upon itself as along dotted line 8 to the position substantially rigid to effect a pronounced shoul
illustrated in Fig. 2 -to provide body; portions;A I I, ' der'2l in the cooperating stud element I3 thereby
I2. The continuous portion III, Fig. 1, is thus anchoring the stud in the aperture. The provi
55 transformed into a substantial loop disposed in sion of this pronounced shoulder 2i in stud ele
the cutout area ofthe superposed body portions ment I3 is further ensured vby the weakening
II, I2 as shown in Fig. 3. The loop thus pro
notches I9 which are disposed at such points as vided may be suitably formed to provide a col
-to form the shoulder at the most effective point
cause an expansion, distortion and deformation
lapsible head member and an opposed stud mem
ber which may be distorted in an expanding ac
tion when the head member is flattened'as here
inafter set forth.
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Since the said stud member is in the form of
a substantial loop it may be readily provided
from a part of the continuous portion III, of the
blank, Fig. 1 to comprise elements I3, I4’ in the
form of a return bend integral with the body
portion II as at I‘I.`~ The collapsible head mem
ber is obtained from the remainder of the Said
depending on the thickness of the support. Of
course, if a complete collapse of the stud mem 60
ber is desired such that the stud element I4 also
is distorted, weakening means may be provided
in this element whereupon the stud is anchored
at a number of points in the aperture. It is to
be noted `that in the applied Áposition of the stud
member, lthe section 20 of the body portion en
gaging the object, is /spaced from the adjacent
surface of the support and accordingly grips the
object under tension; this tension naturally is
continuous portion I0 by deforming the same ‘ exerted»on the distorted stud member to take
into integral sections I5, I8 disposed at an angle up any possible looseness in its applied anchored
to each other with the section I6 integral with position'in the aperture.
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the body portionv I2 as at I8.
’
In View of the foregoing it will be readily seen
In order to weaken the stud member to such ’ that the stud member has a function similar to
75 extent as to provide for a ready collapse thereof that of a sheet metal rivet and is sopermanently
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_annabee
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retained in its final applied position that re 'aperture in the support. and an integral collapsi
ble head member adapted to be deformed to cause
distortion of the stud member' in`anchored en
gagement inthe aperture in the support.
3. A Vone-piece device for mounting an object
on a support, comprising _a strip of sheet metal
moval thereof may not be effected without de
struction of the same. And in this relation it will
also be understood that the >device provides `a
most rigid. permanent mounting of an object on
a support thereby eliminating danger of loosen
folded back upon itself to provide a body em
’ ing or accidental removal in installations sub
bodying a >pair of superposed sections one of
which is engageable with the object to be sup-
ject to vibration- and jarring effects as. -for ex
ample,>in the chassis or other supporting struc
ture of an automobile.
ported, a substantial loop member provided from .
'
As shown in Figs. 'l and 8. the lower body por-`
tion ii presents a widebearing surface providing
a rigid seat on the adjacent surfaces of the sup
port'S, while the stud member comprising ele
mentsv i3. i4, is initially ofV such cross-section _
said body and comprising an element struck from
said sections. said loop being formed to provide a
stud projecting from one face of said body to be
received in an aperture inthe support and a col
lapsible head me'mber projecting from an oppo
as to be admirably suited for use either in a
round aperture as shown in Fig. 7 or a rectangu
site face of said body and adapted to be deformed
rigidly uniting superposed apertured parts A, B.
sections formed byfolding a sheet metal blank
upon itself. a substantial loop member struck and
formed from said body sections providing a col
lapsible stud element projecting from one face of
said body to be received in an aperture in the
support and a head-:member integral with said
collapsible stud element and projecting from an
opposite face of said body. said head member
being adapted to be deformed to cause a dis
tortion of the stud member in anchored engage
ment in the aperture in the support.
5. A one-piece device of the class described
comprising a body member having bearing en
15
to cause a distortion of the stud member in an
chored engagement in the aperture to the sup
lar aperture as illustrated in Fig.-8.
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Figs. 9-11V inclusive show an application of the port.
4. A one-.piece device for mounting an object
20 device in which the object retaining element. on a "support, comprising. a body bearing on the
Figs. 1~6 inclusive, may be omitted and the de-v
vice employed for use as a sheet metal rivet for support-and embodying a pair of superposed body
The application of the device in this use is
identical with that described above with refer
ence to Figs. 1-8 inclusive.
I_t will be readily seen that the instant inventionv
contemplates a simple and efficient -one-piece
device especially adapted for fastening engage
ment with a part accessible from one side only and
provides a shank element readily adapted for in
sertion and locking engagement in an aperture in
a support by‘means applied thereto from the ac
cessible side of the support only.
‘
-It will further be appreciated that the improved
' device is capable of any number of uses in blind
gagement on an apertured part, said body mem-i
locations for mounting objects or> rigidly uniting
ber comprising a pair of superposed body “sec
parts and is admirably adapted for most eco
nomical manufacture in quantity production to
meet the severe, practical requirements of
back upon itself, a substantial anchoring mem
ber struck and formed from said folded body
_ present-day use.
While the invention has been described in de
tail with specific examples such examples are il
lustrative only. since it will be apparent to those
skilled in the art that other modifications within
the spirit and scope of the invention may be con
structed without departing from the teachings or
essential characteristics thereof. The presentl
embodiment is therefore to be considered in all`
respects as iilustrativefand n_ot restrictive.~ the
scope of the invention being indicated by the ap
pended claims rather than by the foregoing de
« scription. and all changes which come within the
tions providedfrom a sheet metal blank folded
sections to present a stud element projecting from
one face of said body to -be received in the ap- .
erture in said part and a head member integral
with said stud element andprojecting from an .
opposite face thereof. said stud element being
provided with weakening means adapted to en
sure a collapse thereof in the aperture upon ap
lrl'îlieation of hammer blows to the said head mem
er.
6. A one-piece device of the `class described
comprising a strip of sheet metal bent back upon
itself to provide a pair of integral superposed sec
tions forming a body having bearing engagement
meaning and range of equivalency of the claims . on an apertured part. a loop member struck from
55 are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
What is claimed is:
I
v
_said integral superposed sections. a stud element
provided from av portionof said loop and pro
jecting from said body to be received in the ap
erture in said part. a head element formed from
the remainder of said loop to project from said
-body in an opposite direction, said head ele
ment being adapted to be deformed to cause a
1. A one-piece device for mounting an object on
a support. comprising a strip of sheet metal
Afolded 'back upon itself to provide a body bearing
on the support including a section engageable
with the object `to be supported. a> loop member
distortion of the stud element in said aperture.
struck and formed from the body, said loop com
7. A one-piece device of the class described
prising a stud projecting from one face of said
body to be received in an aperturev in the support comprising a pair of integral superposed sec
tions forming a body having bearing engage
and a collapsible head member adapted to be de
formed byhammer blows to cause a distortion of - ment on an apertured part. a loop member struck
the stud member in anchored engagement in the and formed from said integral superposed sec
tions. a stud element provided from a portion of
aperture in the support.
2. A one-piece devicel for mounting an object lsaid loop and projecting from said- body to be
received in the aperture in said part. a head ele
70 on _a support. comprising a strip of sheet metal ment formed from the remainder of said loop to 70
folded back upon itself to provide a body portion
project from said body in an opposite direction,
embodying a pair of integral sections, a substan
tial anchoring member struck and formed from4 and weakening means provided in said stud ele
said sections including a stud projecting from » ment to ensure a collapse thereof into a shoulder
one face of said body portion to be received in an .having anchoringl engagement in the aperture n
4
9,1“,004
upon a‘pplication of hammer-blows to said head
said body _to be received inl the aperture in said
element.
support, a head element formed from the re
mainder of said loop to project from said body
in an opposite direction. said head element be
'
8. A one-piece device for mounting an object
on a support comprising a pair of integral su
perposed sections forming a. body having bear
ing engagement on an apertured support, at
least one of said sections having means for en
gaging the object to b_e supported. a loop mem
ber struck and formed from said integral super
10 posed sections, a stud element provided from a ~
portion of said loop member and projecting from
ing adapted to be deformed upon application of 5
hammer-blows thereto to cause a distortion of
the stud element into a shoulder having anchored
engagement in said aperture such that the ob
ject is permanently mounted on said support.
10
HERMAN G. LOMBARD.
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