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Патент USA US2128154

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Aug. 23, 1938;
’
2,128,154
R. H. MASTERS
INTERNAL'COMBUSTION ENGINE
Filed Jan. 11, 1937 ‘
2 Sheets-Sheet l
I N VENTOR.
/f/7rMo/m /2’. M60 TE/PS.
BY
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ATTORNEY.
Aug. 23, 1938._
2,128,154
R. H. MASTERS
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Jan. 11, 1937
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ATTQRNEY.
Patented Aug. 23, 1938
, 2,128,154
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
2,128,154
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
Raymond H. Masters, Detroit, Mich.
Application January 11, 1937, Serial‘ No. 119,930
3 Claims._ (01. 123-119)
My invention relates to a device for the useful thereby the valve ‘I to its seat, the \lower end of
and bene?cial dissipation of vapors and wastev said rod engaging the needle valve seat 5 to close
gases and an introduction of the same into the
intake of an internal combustion engine, as well
5 as moisture as required, and also to the means for
its port.
.
connecting said device to existing constructions.
in is a lever arm and yoke upon a shaft I I pass
ing transversely across an extension 2a of the
housing 2. ‘ The free end of the arm in engages
Through extensive tests I\ have found that by
through a suitable roller or boss in the groove of
the use of a device embodying my invention
which I call a “vaporator” as hereinafter de
10 scribed, I can materially decrease the consump
tion of gasoline or fuel in an internal combustion
the extension la of the valve 1 ‘and is provided
with an arcuate rack Illa. I2 is a shaft passing
transversely ‘across the extension 2a of the hous 10
ing 2 and bearing in the wall-bosses of the same.
One end of the shaft 12 protrudes from the wall
,engine.\
To these ends I utilize‘, in part, the subjectv of the extension 2a and has pivoted thereon a
matter of United States Letters Patent Number lever arm I3. I 4 is a pinion upon the shaft l2, its
15 1,934,987 granted to me November 14, 1933 for an teeth engaging the teeth of the rack Illa to oscil 15
auxiliary air device.
late the arm Iil.
.
There is a cushioning washer between the col
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure l is a side elevation of so much of a
conventional power plant as is necessary to illus
20 trate the connection of my invention therewith
lar 8a and the top of the extension ‘Ia from the
valve 1, when said valve is on its seat and the rod
partly broken away to show the interior of the
l3a (Fig. 5) is a two-armed lever secured upon
crank case.
.
Figure 2 vis a detail sectional elevation to an
enlarged scale of apparatus embodying my pres
ent inventionand a portion of the intake to the
engine in connection with said auxiliary air
‘
device.
'
Figure 3 is a detail section on theline C—C,
Fig.
30
.
Figure 4 is a detail section on the line D-D,
Fig. 2.
- Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 2 to a
5 reduced scale, showing a modified construction
, connected to a down-draft carburetor. -
F‘iFigure 7 is a detail section on the line G—G,
.
Figure 8 is an elevation of a device embodying
40 my invention to a reduced scale looking from the
20
.
the shaft l2 so that said shaft can be rotated
thereby. There is a set screw l3b in one, or it
may be in each, of said‘ levers. The arm l3 turns
freely about the shaft l2 a short distance before
engaging the lever In, or the end of the screw
I3b thereon, and then contacts ‘one of said\arms
or the end of a screw i3b to effect the turning of
the lever l2 to actuate the arm l0 through the
#5
pinion I4 and arcuate rack Ilia thus moving the 30
valve and rod 8.
.
Figure 5 is a detail elevation illustrating the
operation of the adjusting lever.
g. 6.
8 is at the lower'end of its travel.
.
.
The extent of free‘ movement of the lever l3
may be adjusted by the screw l3b.
I5 is a tor
sion spring surrounding the shaft l2 outside of
the extension 2a, one end engaging the wall of
said extension and the other engagin'g'the two
armedv lever l3a to turn the shaft‘l2 to position
'the parts as shown in the drawings.
I6 is a conical upward extension from the hous- »
ing 2, which affords a delivery passage from said 40
rear of Fig. 1, showing a fuel pump‘ attached ' housing and a means for securing said housing to
thereto in section.“
other apparatus.
'
2 is housing having a valve seat 3 in the lower
_ wall thereof, and 4 is an air. chamber forming a
downward extension of the housing 2 into which
the port of the valve seat 3 opens.
5 is a needle '
valve seat in'the nipple extending below the air
chamber 4 and coaxial with the. valve seat 3. 8
indicates air intake ports through the wall of the
50 chamber 4 between the valve seats 3 and 5. ‘I is
a valve adapted to coact with the seat 3 and hav--.
-
- I1 is an inverted cap secured over and enclos
ing the airchamber 4, so that all. the air drawn
into said chamber must come through the nipple
l8 extending from one wall of said cap.
The above. is mainly the construction of my
above named patent to which reference is made
‘for fuller description.
Referring more particularly to Figure 1 of the 50
accompanying drawings, 20 indicates an internal '
ing a coaxial upward extension ‘Ia with a groove combustion engine, and 2| is the intake mani
formed around it. 8 is a rod fitting and passing = fold. v22 is a down-draft carburetor and. 23 is
through a coaxial bore in the valve 1 and the a pipe or passage leading from said carburetor
55 extension ‘Ia and having its lower end formed to -to the manifold 2|. Said pipe or passage has .
_ coact with the needle valve seat 5. The valve 1 two parts which may be connected together by '
is free to slide on the rod 8. 8a is a collar pinned ?anges 23a and 23b.
24 is a throttle valve in the passage 23 and
to the rod 8 just above the extension ‘1a from the
valve 1. 9 is a compression spring acting upon 24a is the stem of the same adapted to turn in
the collar to to‘ force the rod 8 downward, and ' bearings in the walls of said passage. 24b is a
2
2,128,164
lever arm on the ‘outer end of the stem 24a. 25
is a bell-crank lever. 28 is a connecting rod join
ing the outer end of the lever l3 with the outer
end of one of the arms of the bell-crank lever
5 28; 21 is a connecting rod joining the outer
intake 23 to draw a vacuum and materially aids _
in the proper functioning of the device, and form- '
ing a positive vacuum independent of the throt
tle opening.
-
By drawing air from the crank chamber the
end of the lever ‘arm 24b to the same lever arm
gases passing the piston and the vapors and gases
‘.of said bell-crank lever as the connecting rod,
formed therein, which are there often injurious,
are conveyed to the combustion chamber where
they aid combustion and thereby economize fuel.
The lubricating oil in the crank case is kept 1o
cooler and free from contamination ‘and acidity.
The oil is carried to the cylinder and furnishes
28. 28 is a pull-rod leading from the bell-crank
lever 25 to the operators seat.
29' is annulus
10 adapted to be bound between the flanges 23a
and 28b and ‘form a part of the passage 23. 38
is a nipple, its upper end opening through a
wall. of the annulus 29 and extending inward and
cylinder top oiling. v
downward until the upper portion of. its inner
v
_
fuel oilmay be introduced through the pipe 48 15
15 rend comes at about the center of the passage
23 its bore opening downward and inward in said
passage. 28a. is an internally screw-threaded at
or,“ and will be properly burned in the mixture_
and especially that heavy oils introduced at 48
where it is mixed. with moisture, is completely
and e?iciently burned in the operation of the
taching ?ange extending‘ outward ‘from around
the opening in .thewall‘ of ,‘the annulus 29 which
v opens to'the bore of the nipple 30.
4 The nipple 38 nfay bepart of 'a plate 30a
'
I have also found that a liquideor vapor as from
' engine.
, I I also ?nd that by the use of the above‘appa
adapted to fit into a dove-tailed groove as shown ratus the deposit of carbon is lessened and, knock- _
.
in Figures 2 and 4, or it may be formed as a part ing largely obviated.
of annulus insert 88h as ‘shown in Figures 6 and 7. ' , Much gasoline is wasted by evaporation in the
In the latter case the wall of_ the annular insert fuel tank. By drawing this vapor to the engine 25
this waste is avoided.
f
>
m
may be made of-the thickness required, or a num
Referring‘ to Figure 8, Si is a small pump
ber of such annuli maybe kept on hand‘for use
with different conventional apparatus.
which will be connected to the carburetor, or fuel
'
' In Figure 6, the cone I6 is shown as cast in-\
.tegral -with:the‘annulus 29.v
'
. _3I-l2> are pipe sections joining the interior of -
the housing '2 to ‘the nipple 30 through the in
terior of the conical projection I6. 33' is the
‘radiator and 83a the'over?ow pipe therefrom. '1 34
i1 is a pipe leading from the over?ow pipe 38a
near the top thereof to the inlet passage to the
port of the valve 8. 35 is the crank case of the
tank 31 by its supply pipe‘52, the plunger ‘of ‘
which. will be actuated by thelever lia, to force '30
liquid fuel through the delivery pipe 41 into the
nipple
'
l8.
.
What I claim is:
'
'
'
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,
._
1. In combination, an internal combustion en- _
gine- having an intake passage, apart adapted 35
to be inserted into said passagev havinga'wall
adapted to form a portion of the wall of said
opening from the outer air'to the interior of‘ the
passage and having an aperture through itswall,z ‘
a second part adapted to ?t within said first_
‘crankcase. ‘Saidv pipes are spaced a distance from
part and having an aperture through its wall-‘4o
engine.
35a--35a 'are breather or ?ller ‘pipes
ea'ch'other "so that air entering oneof said pipes V adapted to register’ with the aperturmthrough ' '
and passing to, and out of, the other would travel
through the entire space enclosed by said case;
,88 is a pipe connecting the nipple l8 with one
45 _-‘of the breather pipes 35 as shown in Figure 1.
31 is the fuel tank. 38 is a‘ pipe connecting
the'nipple l8 with the interior of the gasoline I
tank 21 above the level of the gasoline-therein.
the wall of- the first named part, the aperture
through‘said second part extending inward in a
nipple'and in the direction of flow of gas in‘ said
passage and opening at its inner end in the di- .15
rection of flow of said gas.
~
,
*
" ,
2. In‘ combination, an internal'conibustion en
gine having an intake passage,‘ a'part adapted
In Figure 2, the ‘valve vseat 5 has a limited . to be inserted into said passage having a wall.
50 vertical movement to secure _a_ certain engage
ment with‘the end of the rod 8 and is yieldingly
pressed-upward by a spring in.
,
"
'
v
adapted to. form a- portion of‘ the wall of said-5°
passage and having an aperture through its wall
and a longitudinal groove in its ‘inner wall in
cluding said aperture,\a- second part adapted to
48 is a fuel supply pipe opening to the-pas
sage leading to the port of the valve 5 and ll be removably inserteddn said groove and having?
55 is a similar pipe leading to the entrance to the an aperture adapted to register with the ?rst 55
“named aperture and extending inward in a nip
cap I‘! and therethrough to the air chamber'4.,
' - A passage 42 (Fig; 2) is provided bywhich ple and in the direction of ?ow of gas‘ in'said
connection-may be'made to the vacuum‘ brake passage and ,opening at‘its-inner end'in the di-i
operating'apparatus, or wherever a vacuum'is-~
required-
-.
-.
_
.
.
rection of ?owof said gas.
‘
' .s
-
'f"
3. In combination, an-internal combustion en- I
, As noted. in my patent aboveg‘referred to as
gine having an intake passage, apart adapted
the throttle 24 moves to'ward'open position, it
will also act to rotate the ‘pinion I2=and cause
adapted to form a portion ofi'the wall of said
the arm _ ill to operate the valve 1 and rod 8 and
to be inserted into said passage having a well
passage and h'avingan aperture through its wall,
open both ports ofisaid valves. This allows the an annular part adapted to ?t and be removably 86
vacuum in the intake to draw auxiliary air \into inserted in the" first mentioned part having an ‘
.the. engine which has been moistened by water‘ aperture adapted, to register with the ?rst men
tioned aperture and‘ extending in animal: and
vapor entering through the pipe 38.
v
The annulus]! greatly facilitates the installa-' in the direction of ?ow of gas in said passage 70 tion of the above apparatus to existing construe-7 and opening at its inner end in'the direction of 70
tions.
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>
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The nipple 88 utilizes the passing gases in the
?owot said gas.‘
.
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RAYMOND ‘H. MASTERS.
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