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Патент USA US2128207

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Aug. 23, 1938.
w. B. HoDGE
TEXTILE MACHINERY CLEANING APPARATUS
2,128,207
Aug. 23, 1938.
w. B. HoDGE
2,128,207
TEXTILE MACHINERY CLEANING APPARATUS
Filed May 25, 19:8
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Patented Aug. 23, 1938
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TEXTILE MACHINERY CLEANING
APPARATUS
William B. Hodge, Charlotte, N. C., assignor to
Parks-Cramer Company, Fitchburg, Mass., a
corporation of Massachusetts
Application May 23, 1938, Serial No. 209,545
5
10
35
20
6 Claims. (Cl. 118-19)
'This invention relates to a cleaning apparatus. room air into the suction opening and thereby
for textile machineryy such as spinning frames, supplement the work of the suction fan.
It is a further object of this invention to pro
drawing frames and the like, and more especially
to that system which will direct draughts of air to vide means for encasing the lower sides of spin
all portions of the machine to remove lint -and ning frames and the like and leaving air inlets
at the top and bottom of the encasing means, and
foreign substances therefrom.
Heretofore various devices have been employed providing fans disposed within the encased por
tion of the machine for blowing lint from the
for removing lint and other substances from tex
tile machinery. It has been common practice to lower portions of the machine, together with suc
direct blasts of air downwardly upon the creel tion means communicating with the upper sur- lo
board, drawing rolls, and thread board, of the face of the door beneath the machine, so that
spinning frames, and thereby remove the lint where travelling cleaners are used above the ma-from the upper side thereof. The portions of the chine,` the lint which falls onto the iioor in the
frames which were not subjected to the draughts aisles will be drawn beneath the machine and
of air were not cleansed, and consequently the lint removed by the suction means, and also the lint 15
would cling to portions of the machinery below which passes from the upper part of the machine,
the thread board. This defect in cleaning is into the lower encased part of the machine, will
particularly noticeable in the lower portion of be effectively removed from the portions of the
textile machines where many shafts, rods and machinery.
Some of the objects of the invention having
cylinders are present to obstruct the downwardly
directed draughts of air from the cleaner which been stated, other objects will appear as the de- “
is usually disposed thereabove.
It is, therefore, an object of this invention to
provide a cleaning system for textile machinery
25 comprising means for producing a plurality of
draughts of air which are directed upon opposed
sides of the members of the textile machine to
thereby expose all surfaces to the necessary
draughts for cleaning purposes.
30
It is another object of this invention to pro
vide an apparatus for cleaning textile machinery
comprising the combination of a travelling
cleaner disposed above the textile machine for
directing draughts of air downwardly, a plurality
35 of fans disposed in the lower portion of the ma
chine, and adapted to direct draughts of air lon
gitudinally of the machine, and in the direction
that the cleaner is travelling, together with a suc
tion outlet disposed at the remote end of the tex
40 tile machine for collecting the dust and lint re
moved from both sides of the textile machine,
by the upper and lower fans. By locating one fan
above the machine and another below, it is evi
dent that the draughts from the respective fans
45 will converge upon opposed sides of the members
of the machine and thereby cooperate together in
directing this lint to a suction opening, which
will withdraw it from the room. This suction
opening is partially assisted by the normal ex
50 cess pressure within the room in which‘the textile
machine operates. It is a well known fact that
the pressure within thev room, under normal
working conditions, is in excess of the outside
atmospheric pressure, consequently there will be
55 a tendency for the room pressure to force the
scription proceeds when taken in connection with
the accompanying drawings, in which
Figure l is a sectional view through the ñoor of
a building showing in elevation a spinning frame
embodying my invention;
Figure 2 is a sectional plan view taken along
the line 2.--2 in Figure l;
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along
the line 3_3 in Figure l;
Figure 4 is a schematic plan view showing the
present invention employed in combination with
a plurality of textile machines.
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
the numeral i0 indicates the floor of a building
upon which is mounted a textile machine such
as a spinning frame I I, said frame comprising end
frames |2, intermediate samsons I4, creel boards
I6, sets of drawing rolls I1 and I8, ring rails I9,
bolster rails 20, and cylinder 2|. 'I‘his cylinder
is secured on shaft 22, the ends of which are
D
journaled in end fra-mes l2. Suitable packages
of yarn 25 are mounted on the creel boards
from which it is drawn between rolls I1 and I8
in the form of strands 26, after which it is spun
upon otherpackages 2l. Each package 21 is
mounted upon a spindle assembly 28 which in
turn is secured in bolster rail 20. Rotary motion
is imparted to package 2l by means of a tape 3|,
which tape is also mounted upon cylinder 2|.
’I'he above enumerated parts are conventional,
but it is deemed necessary to disclose this much
of the conventional structure in order to more
0
clearly illustrate the utility of my present in
vention.
55
2
2,128,207
As heretofore stated, the yarn which is being
processed allows much lint and loose particles to
be dropped therefrom and upon the framework
of the machine. Some means must be provided
for removing this lint in order to prevent batches
of this lint from accumulating upon the frame
work and dropping into the processed yarns, and
thereby create a defective product. 'I‘his lint has
been removed with a great degree of success by
10 a travelling cleaner such as disclosed in my prior
patent, No. 2,011,763, issued on August 20, 1935.
This patent discloses a cleaner casing such as
indicated by 35. which has spouts 36 leading from
the lower side thereof for directing blasts of air
15 downwardly onto the top of the creel boards I6
and other portions of the textile machine. The
casing 35 is supported by wheels 31, which are
mounted upon tracks 38 and 39, said tracks be
ing disposed- above a textile machine and sup
20 ported by posts 40 which posts also support the
creel boards I6.
By referring to Figure 4, it is seen that the
trackway is continuous and is adapted to move
over a plurality of spinning frames Il. As here
25 tofore stated, it has been found that a cleaner
such as shown on a trackway disposed above
the machine fails to provide the necessary cur
rents or daughts of air to remove the lint from
the lower members of the machine. As a matter
30 of fact the lower portions of the machine, that
is, the portions disposed below the board 24, do
not receive any draughts of air from the travel
ling cleaner; consequently the lint which once
attaches itself to this surface remains in position
35 until it becomes so heavy that it will eventually
fall onto the floor or other portions of the ma
chine.
In order to create the desired draughts of air
in the lower portion of the machine, I have se
40 cured a pair of semi-circular bands 45 around
the cylinder 2| at spaced intervals, each of said
bands having a pair of fan blades 46 extending
radially therefrom. When these blades are prop
erly secured to the cylinder at the desired points,
45 the rotation of the cylinder will direct blasts of
air longitudinally of the machine and in the same
~
ì
is in operation the air is drawn from the opening I
62 and through the fan from vwhenceit is ex
pelled through its outlet 63.1 The action of thevv
fan 60 is supplemented by the normal excess at
mospheric pressure within the room> during the
period that the machine is in operation, and this
normal excess pressure helps tofdirect the lint
to the opening 62. When it is desired to dofl!v
packages 2l it is only necessary to unlatch the
doors 50 by operating the latch 54 after which -î
the door can be rotated to dotted lline position
as >shown in Figure 3. This not only will allow
the packages 21 to be dotted but will alsoy serve'
to give access to the lower portions `of the textile>
machine.
.
In the drawings and specification there has
been set forth a preferred embodiment of the.
invention, and although specific terms are em
ployed, they are used in a generic and descriptive
sense only, and not for purposes of limitation,
the scope of the invention being set forth in the
appended claims.
I claim:
'
1. In a fiber drawing machine having a frame
work and a roll stand board substantially cov
ering the top of the framework and having a cyl
inder and rotary package holders driven by the
cylinder for receiving yarn being processed on
the machine, means enclosing the sides of the
machine from a point substantially level with,
the roll stand board to within a'. short distance of
the bottom of the machine, a plurality of fans
mounted on the cylinder for creating drafts of
air moving towards one end of the machine for
removing lint and other particles from the por
tions of the machine disposed below the roll
stand board, and suction means communicating
with the interior of the machinefor withdrawing
removed lint from beneath the machine and for
creating an inwardly moving draft from the ex
terior of the machine to the interior thereof
through the slots appearing below the lower edge
of the encasing means to thereby cause lint and
other particles on >the floor adjacent the sides
of the machine to be drawn beneath the ma
chine and into said suction means.
'
direction as the direction of travel of the fan
casing 35. It is seen that the fan in casing 35
will cooperate with the blades 46 on the cylinder
2. Apparatus for removing lint and other par
ticles from the lower portions of spinning frames
and the like, comprising sheet members closing
50 2| in directing the waste from the machine in a the sides of the machine and leaving slots at the
common direction.
top and bottom portions of the machine, a cyl
The cleaning of the lower portion of the ma
inder extending longitudinally of the machine,
chine has been found to be much more effective .a plurality of disk fans mounted on said cylin
when the lower portion thereof is encased. der for creating drafts of air moving longitudi
55 Therefore, suitable side~ plates 48l haye been
nally of the machine.
secured to the opposed sides of the textile ma
3.y Apparatus for removing lint and other par
chine, by means of screws 49, each side plate ticles from the lower portions of spinning frames
having a plurality of doors such as designated by and the like, comprising sheet members closing
reference character 50 secured thereto my means
the sides of the machine and leaving slots at the
60 of suitable hinges 5I. 'I'he upper edges of the top and bottom portions of the machine, a cylin
doors 50 are adapted to abut against a longi
der extending longitudinally of the machine, and
tudinal strut 53 and are held in a latched position
by means of suitable latches 54. The lower por
tion of the side plates 48 have adjustably se
65 'cured thereto a plurality of plates 55 by any
suitable means such as screws 5E.
The screws
56 penetrate slots 51 in each end of these plates
and hold the lower edges of the plates a short
distance above the floor level. 'I'his provides a
70 slot 58 through which the dust and lint which
has fallen upon the ñoor and in the aisles be
tween the machines may be drawn by the suc
tion created by a fan 60. The fan 60 has an in
let pipe 6l leading therefrom which is connected
75 to opening 62 in the :door HI. When this fan
a plurality of disk fans mounted on said cylin
der for creating drafts of air moving longi
tudinally of the machine, and a suction pipe com
municating with the interior of the machine for
removing from the interior of the machine the
lint and other particles dislodged from the lower
portion of the machine by the drafts of air cre
ated by said fans.
4. In a spinning machine and the like, a frame
work, a plurality of driven disk fans disposed
within the lower portion of the machine, means
substantially enclosing the lower portion of the
machine and providing slots near the top and
bottom of the machine, and suction means com
3
2,128,207
municating with the floor level on which the ma
chine is located for removing ñoating lint from
the lower portion of the machine through the
openings at the top of the plate members, a suc
the interior of the lower portion of the machine l tion pipe having its intake end disposed at the
and for also creating an inwardly moving draft iioor level at one end of the machine towards
of air to withdraw lint from the ñoor spaces
on each side of the machine beneath the machine
and outwardly through said suction means.
5. In a spinning machine having a framework
comprising enclosed end portions, a. creel board, a
roll stand supporting board substantially enclos
ing the top of the machine at a point below the
creel boards and also having drawing rolls and
spindles and a longitudinally disposed cylinder
having belts thereon for driving the spindles,
15 plate members secured to the sides of the ma
chine and extending to within a short distance
of the floor on which the machine is disposed
and having their upper edge extending to a point
substantially the height of the roll stand sup
porting board, a plurality of fans mounted on :said
cylinder for creating drafts of air moving towards
one end of the machine to dislodge lint and other
particles from the parts of the lower portion of
the machine and for moving longitudinally of the
25 machine any lint and other particles entering
which the drafts of air created by said fans are
moving to remove Ifrom beneath the machine the
lint propelled by said fans and also to draw
beneath the machine, below the lower edges of
the plate members, any lint which may be dis
10
posed on the floor on each side of the machine.
6. A spinning machine having its sides enclosed
and provided with slots near the top and bottom
portions- thereof, a plurality of fans disposed
within the enclosed machine for creating drafts
of air moving towards one end of the machine, 15
and asuction pipe having its intake end disposed
level with the floor for withdrawing lint from the
interior of the machine and creating inwardly
moving drafts of air at the bottom and top por
tions of the machine for drawing into the ma 20
chine and outwardly through said suction pipe,
lint which may be disposed adjacent said open
ings.
WILLIAM B. HODGE.
25
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