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Патент USA US2128261

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-Àug. 30, 1938. .
`
G_ F, MYERS
,_ FLYING MACHINE
Original Filed Jan. 9, 1935
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/020
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2,128,261
Patented Aug. 30, 1938
' 2,128,261
UNITED STATES PATENT >oFFlcr.
2,128,231
FLYING MACHINE
George Francis Myers, New York, N. Y.
Application January 9, 1238. -Seriai No. 550.8”
Renewed July 21, 1036
l5 Claims. (Cl. 244-1071
This invention relates to flying machines.
It has for its object to produce a iiying machine
of any description that can come down safely
either on the land or on the water.
5
fuselage, a compartment in the fuselage, a balloon
like emergency iioat secreted in the compartment
having one end fastened adjacent thereto and one
' free end, and a cord attached to the free end of
Another object is to provide flotation gear or
water Wings on a land flying machine.
Other objects and advantages of the present
invention will be apparent from the following
description, reference being had to the accom
10 panying' drawing wherein the preferred form of
embodiment thereof is clearly shown and. in
the float and fastened to a portion of the ma
chine other than the fuselage.
2. The combination in a dving machine, of a
fuselage, a landing gear, a compartment, a
balloon like emergency float secreted in the com
which similar numerals of reference denote simi
partment having one end fastened adjacent 10
thereto and one free end, and a cord attached to
the free end of the iioat and leading to the land
lar parts throughout the several views.
ing gear.
_
Fig. 1 is a front elevation, Fig. 2 is a plan view,
15 and Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the invention;
Fig. 4 shows the machine on the ground; Fig. 5
is the machine coming down vertically and about
to land with its dash pot extended; Fig. 6 is the
machine on the ground ready to run thereover;
20 Fig. 7 is the machine resting in the water; Fig. 8
is a diagrammatic sketch showing the inflated
water wings for resting on the water, from which
position it can rise vertically.
'I‘he invention is constructed and operated sub
25 stantially and preferably as follows:
Referring now to the drawing, l is the car or
fuselage, 2 the wings, 5 the propeller with con
trollable pitch mechanism, 9 are the ailerons, III
the stabilizing plane, I2 is the rudder, I3 the e1e~
30 vater, |02 the landing wheels, Ill) the pneumatic
'
3. The combination in a flying machine, of a
fuselage. a wing, a compartment, a balloon like
emergency float secreted in the compartment
having one end fastened adjacent thereto and
one free end, and a cord attached to the free
end of the float and leading to the wing.
4. An aircraft comprising supporting surfaces
having portions displaced in a fore and aft direc
tion from each other. a compartment disposed
between said fore and aft portions, and a safety
device comprising a plurality of inflatable and
retractable emergency iioats having one end 25
thereof fastened to the main portion of the ma
chine and the other end free, and having a cord
attached to the free end of the ñoat and leading
to another portion of the machine other thanl
the said main portion thereof and mounted one
top landing device or wheel, and III the rear on each side of the longitudinal center line of
dash pots.
» the craft and normally retained in said compart
Water wings H2 are kept in compartments ment in an inoperative position but capable of a
with spring covers H3, and are connected by quick release from said compartment.
5. The combination with a flying machine com 35
35 means as cords l I4 to nearby structures _by which
the pull thereon can be regulated to keep the prising a compartment, of a balloon-like safety
water Wings in place.
device having one end thereof fastened to the
As my invention is in many of its aspects main portion of the machine and the other end
generic, I do not limit myself to the particular free, and having a cord attached to the free end
of the float and leading to another portion of 40
40 construction shown or described, but also con
template the employment of such equivalents as the machine other than the said main portion
fairly fall within the scope of my claims.
thereof and mounted on each side of the longi
Therefore it should be understood that I may tudinal center line of the machine, and means for
make certain changes in the form, proportion, secreting‘ the flexible part of the device within
45 size and detail of the various structures shown, said compartment away from contact with the 45
the number and position of certain elements dynamic air stream.
used, as Well as the character or the motive power
employed, without departing from the spirit of
50
the invention.
This application is in the nature of an improve
ment on or continuation of my application Serial
No. 514,338 ñled November 10, 1921, through
Serial No. 639,458 filed October 25, 1932.
I claim:
`
1. The combination in a flying machine, of a
6. An aircraft comprising a car, means to
sustain the craft in the air, a safety device com- ~
prising a plurality of iniiatable and retractable
emergency floats having one end thereof fastened
to the main portion of the machine and the other
end free, and having a cord attached to the free
end of the iioat and leading to another portion
of the machine other than the said main portion
thereof and mounted one on each side of the
2,198,261
longitudinal center line of the craft secreted
on the craft in such a manner as not to inter
fere with the sustaining means during normal
operation, and means for automatically releasing
and rendering operative said safety device.
7. An aircraft comprising a car, means for
sustaining the -craft in the air, a safety device
comprising a plurality of inflatable and retract
10
30
35
40
45
50
lage, balloon like emergency floats secreted in the
compartments each having one end fastened
able emergency floats having one end ...thereof
adjacent to the compartment and one end free,
fastened to the main portion of the machine and
and a cordy attached to the free end of each of the
floats, one of the cords being fastened to the land
the other end free, and having a cord attached
to the free end of the float and leading to another
portion of the machine other than the said main
portion thereof and mounted one on each side
15 of the longitudinal center line of the- craft and
25
one end free, a cord attached to the free end of
the float and fastened to a portion of the machine
other than the fuselage, a pressure tank, and
means for inflating the float from the tank.
11. The combination in a flying machine, of a
fuselage, a plurality of compartments in the fuse
ing gear and one to the wing.
,
12. The combination in a flying machine, of a
fuselage, a plurality of compartments in the fuse
lage, balloon like emergency floats secreted in 15
the compartments each having one end fastened
secreted on said car in such a manner as not to
interfere with the normal operation of the adjacent to the compartment and one end free, a
sustaining means, and devices for automatically cord attached to the free end of each of the floats,
releasing and rendering operative said safety one of the cords being fastened to the landing
gear and one to the wing, a pressure tank, and
device.
8. In a flying machine, the combination of means for inilating each of the floats from the
tank.
sustaining means, a compartment, a balloon-like
13. The combination ina flying machine, of a
safety device comprising a plurality of inflatable
and retractable emergency floats having one end hollow body, a compartment in the body, an
thereof fastened to the main portion of the emergency float secreted in the compartmenthav
machine and the other end free, and having a ing one end fastened adjacent thereto and one
cord attached to the free end of the float and end free, means attached to the free end of the
leading to another portion of the machine other float and fastened to a portionof the machine
than the said main portion thereof and mounted other than the body, a pressure tank, and means
for inflating the float from the tank.
one on each side of the longitudinal center line
30
14. The combination in a flying machine of a
of the machine carried within the compartment
hollow body, a compartment in the body, an
and normally retained therein, means for releas
ing the balloon-like safety device at the will of emergency float secreted in the compartment
having one end fastened adjacent thereto and
the operator, and means for inilating the balloon
one end free, flexible means attached to the free
like safety device.
y
9. In a flying machine, the combination of end of the float and fastened to a portion of the
machine other than the body, a pressure tank,
means for sustentation, a safety device compris
ing a plurality of inflatable and retractable and means for inflating the float from the tank.
15. 'I‘he combination in a flying machine, of a
emergency floats having one end thereof fastened
to the main portion of the machine and the fuselage, a stabilizing plane and a fln mounted 40
other end free, and having a cord attached to ` adjacent to the fuselage and to each other, a
the free end of the float and leading to another plurality of compartments mounted at the rear
portion of the machine other than the said main end of the fuselage, one compartment being
portion thereof and mounted one on each side mounted in each one of the rectangular corners
of the longitudinal center line of the machine made by a vertical plane passing through the 45
and releasably secured to the machine, and means fin and a horizontal plane passing through the
stabilizing plane, emergency floats ymounted in
for automatically releasing the safety device.
10. 'I'he combination in a flying machine, of a each of the compartments, and means for forcing
fuselage, a compartment in the fuselage, a balloon the floats into action.
'
like emergency float secreted in the compartment
50
GEORGE FRANCIS MYERS.
having one end fastened adjacent thereto and
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