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Патент USA US2128384

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Aug- 30, 1938.
M. H. TONCRAY ET AL
2,128,384
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANI SM
Original Filed Sept. 23, 1935
5 She'ets-Sheet 1
INVEN TOR5
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Millard h’. 7627(7'05/
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ATTORNEYS
Aug. 30, 1938.
M. H. TONCRAY ET AL
2,128,334
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM
Original Filed Sept. 23, 1933
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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5
INVENTORS
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BY
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ATTORNEYJ~
Aug. 30, 1938.
M. H. TONCRAY ET AL
2,128,384
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM
Original Filed Sept. 25, 1953
A5751 (5/)
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
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#38111‘
A TTORNEYS
Aug. 30, 1938.
M. H. TONCRAY ET AL
2,128,384
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM
Original Filed Sept. 25, 1953
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
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Wm
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Wm5a.
A TTORNEYS
Aug- 30, 1938.
M. H. TONCRAY ET AL
2,128,384
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM
Original Filed Sept. 23, 1935
-_
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
INVENTORS
/‘7ziiard /‘/. Eneray
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ATTORNEYS
Patented Aug. 30, 1938
2,128,384
~ UNITED V's'rA'rEs‘ PATENT OFFICE
2,128,384
WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM
Millard H. Toncray and Earl H. Pickett, Detroit,
Mich., assignors to Hudson Motor Car Com
pany, Detroit, Micln, a corporation of Michi
Application September 23, 1933, Serial No. 690,844
Renewed May ‘I, 1937
5
'10
H5
20
25
30
35
5 Claims. (01. 296-44)
\
This invention relates to ventilating windows
Fig. 8 isya section taken through lines 0-8 of
and is particularly adapted for use in automobile Fig. l in the direction of the arrows.
or other closed vehicle bodies. The invention‘
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary elevation taken from
may be embodied in any one or all of the doors the outside of the door and showing a modi?ed
of the body or, in the case of a sedan for exam
form of construction.
T
ple, may be used in connection with the rear
Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 9 showing one
quarter window.
of the glass panels in elevated position and one
An object of the invention is to provide a ven
in lowered position.
tilating window structure embodying a glass panel
Fig. 11 is a horizontal section taken substan
which may be shifted vertically within a window tially along the line il-ll oi’ Fig. 9 in the direc
opening in the body to open and close the same tion of the arrows.
and which also may be swung in a horizontal di
Fig. 12 is a horizontal section taken substan
rection about a vertical axis into different ad
tially along the line i2—i2 of Fig. 9 in the direc
justed positions, when the panel is in elevated po
tion of the arrows.
sition, to provide a ventilating opening.
.
Before explaining in detail the present inven
Another object of the invention is to provide a tion it is to be understood that the invention is
vertically slidable glass can'ylng panel capable of not limited in its application to the details of
horizontal swinging movement when the panel is construction and arrangement of parts illustrated
in elevated position, and wherein a regulator in the accompanying drawings, since the inven
mechanism having a single operating control is tion is capable of other embodiments and of being 20
provided for imparting both sliding and swing
practiced or carried out in various ways. Also it
ing movements to the panel.
'
is to be understood that the phraseology or termi
A further object of the invention is to provide nology employed herein is for the purpose of de
a vehicle body having a window opening adapted scription. and not of limitation, and it is not in
to be closed by means of two vertically sliding tended to limit the invention claimed herein be
glass carrying panels, one of said panels having yond the requirements of the prior art.
the glass thereof pivoted to swing horizontally
In the present instance the invention has been
when the panel is elevated, and wherein regula
embodied, by way of example, in the front door
tor mechanism is provided for independently of an automobile body although it is understood '
raising and lowering said panels and also for that the structure may be applied to any window
swinging the pivoted glass when in raised posi
opening in the automobile or vehicle body. The
tion within the window opening.
door comprises a front inclined pillar i6 and a
: Other objects of this invention will appear in rear vertical pillar ii transversely joined at the
the following description and appended claims, top and bottom thereof in conventional manner
reference being had to the- accompanying draw
and forming a main window opening it. The 35
ings forming a part of this speci?cation wherein outer panel of the door is illustrated at i3, this
like reference characters designate corresponding
parts in the several views.
Fig. l is an elevation, partly broken away,
40 taken from the inside of an automobile door and
' illustrating one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a similar view on a smaller scale, illus
trating the glass panels in lowered positions.
panel being ?anged around the window opeg
to provide the usual reveal portions it. The in
her metal panel of the door is illustrated at i5,
this panel being concealed in practice by ‘an inner 40
trim panel indicated at it in Fig. l. The window
reveal at the inner side of the window opening
is ?nished by means of the usual garnish mold
ing ll. As illustrated in Fig. 5 the metal mold
ing 8‘! is inwardly ?anged at i142 and engages a 45
correspondingly ?anged portion i40- oi’ the outer
panel, thus providing a channel along the side
edges and top of the window opening within
Fig. 3 is an elevation, partly broken away,
taken from the outside of the door and illustrat
ing the glass panels in elevated position.
Fig. 4 is a section taken through lines 8-4 of
Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 5 is a section taken through lines 5—5 of which is secured a felt covered metal channel
50
' strip is. The channel strip I8 is sloped at the 50
Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows.
forward edge of the opening in accordance with
Fig. 6 is a section taken through lines‘6—6 of the inclination of the door and provides the glass
Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 7 is a section taken through line 1-7 of
55 Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows.
runway at the front and rear edge of the opening
for the sliding glass panels. The strip extends
along the top edge of the opening as shown at 56
2,128,884
2
88a, see Fig. '1, to providecthe header channel for
receiving the upper edges of the glass panels
when in raised positions. The channel strip It
has a vertical extension ilb below the window sill
which may be secured atits lower edge by a~suit'
able bracket l9 secured to the inner panel l5.
. The channel strip also has a downward extension
I80 at the rear edge of the door for guiding the
rear panel during its vertical movement.
10
‘
In the ‘present instance the window opening
i2 is controlled ‘by means of two glass panels 20
and 2|, the latter being pivoted forv swinging
as shown, is provided with an upper offset latch
projection or portion 42a. When the parts are
movement within the“ forward portion of the
opening. The glass 2| carries a marginal chan
figure, the projection or latch 42a engages _a stud
15 nel shaped metal binding strip 22 which, in the
embodiment of Fig. 1, extends continuously
around the edges of the glass pane. The glass 2|
in turn is supported within a skeleton metal frame
23 shaped to conform to the contour of the for
20 ward portion of the window opening, this frame
terminating at its lower edge in 9. depending sheet
metal apron 23a. The apron is stamped at its
upper horizontal edge to provide a ?ange 23b
'25
apron 23a is provided with a two-way slot or
guideway comprising, as shown particularly in
Fig. 3, a horizontal portion 46 and an upwardly
extending radius portion 41. The arm 45 of the
bell crank lever is in turn provided with a straight
normally horizontal slot or guideway portion 48
corresponding in length_to the slot portion 44
and terminating in a downwardly inclined angu-'
lar portion 43.
As best seen in Fig. 1,,the member or plate 42, 10
spot welded to the lower side of the frame 23,
see Fig. 7. The frame 23 around three sides of
in the positions in which they are shown in this
or stop 44a carried by the adjustable plate or 15
bracket 44 to prevent further movement of the
plate 42 toward the left about its pivot 43. Thus,
the glass panel 2| is prevented from being ‘swung
outwardly beyond a predetermined point, namely
beyond its position of Fig. 1. The stop and latch 20
means herein shown for limiting or blocking the
outward swinging movement of the glass panel
2|, is illustrated, merely by way of example, and
it is to be understood that other suitable means
may be employed for this purpose. For example, 25
the glass panel 2| is of general channel shape _if desired, a stop may be posititoned at a prede
closed along its outer face and adapted to travel termined point in the path of movement of a
within the glass runway I8. The frame 23 is button or stud 60 carried by the'long arm 53b .
pressed around its inside to provide dove tail of a bell crank lever 58, hereinafter referred to.
30 grooves 24 within which are anchored weather
The glass carrying frame 23 including the 30
strips 25 and 28 of suitable material, such as
having a channel shaped binding strip 23 se
cured to the marginal edges of the glass.
The glass panel 2| is pivoted at its upper edge
apron 23a is shifted vertically into open and
closed positions and the pivoted panel 2| is
swung horizontally within the window opening,
by successive movements through the medium
of a single regulator mechanism. In the present 35
instance there is illustrated a suitable regulator
for accomplishing these operations. The regu
lator comprises a supporting plate 50 secured to
the inner panel of the door and carrying a gear
sector 5| pivoted thereto at 5|a. Meshing with
the sector 5| is a pinion 52 which may be rotated
within the frame 23 by means of a stud 29 se
by means of a crank arm 53 on the inside of the
cured to the framing 22 and ?tting within a
door. Fixed to the pivot 5|a of the gear sector
is a swinging arm 54 to the outer end of which
is pivoted at 55 a link 56 which in turn is pivoted
at 51 to the short arm 58a of a bell crank lever
rubber, shaped to cooperate with the edges vof the
glass panel 2|, when closed, so as to provide a
relatively tight joint. The rear vertical side 'of
35 the frame 23 comprises a channel bar |23 open
ing rearwardly to receive a felt lined channel
member 21 providing a vertical runway for the
forward edge of ,the glass panel 20, this panel
socket 30 carried by the frame 23. At its lower
45 edge the panel at 2| is pivotally mounted in
the frame 23 by means of a stud 3|, see Fig.
7, secured at its upper end to the metal framing
56 pivoted at 59 to the supporting plate 50. The
22. The stud or pivot 3| has a bearing within
an aperture in the reveal portion I4 of the outer
long arm 58b of the bell crank carries at its outer
end a stud 60 which carries a yleldingly mount
50 body panel, and carried by the lower end thereof
ed. collar 60a held in position against the ?anges
01‘ the plate 45 by means of a spring 6|, see Fig.
is a pinion 32 having teeth 33 meshing with the
teeth 34 of a sliding rack bar 35. The hub of the
pinion 32 has a hearing within a plate or bracket
36_which extends transversely through an open
55 ing in the apron 23a and is ?anged at 31 to em-=
brace one edge of the rack bar 35. The plate
or bracket 36 is provided with upwardly pro
jecting tongues struck up from the metal thereof
and bolted at 36a to the apron 23a, see Fig. 6.
60 The bottom of the pinion 32 rests upon a plate
39 ?anged at its outer edge and riveted at 38'
to the bracket 36. The rivets 38 also hold the
outer ?anged edge of a leaf spring 40, the for
taneously in the slots 46 and 41 of the apron
and in the slots 48’, 49 of the plate 45. By turn
ing the crank 53 of the regulator. mechanism to
operate the gearing, the bell crank 53 will be
turned so as to swing the long arm 58b of the
mechanism from the position of Fig. 2 to the
position of Fig. 3 and vice versa. It will be seen
that the glass panel will be shifted vertically
during the travel of the stud 60 in the corre
sponding guideway or slot portions 46 and 48,
Fig. 2 illustrating the lower limit of vertical
. ward ?anged edge of which underlies and engages
65 the bottom face of the rack bar 35 and yieldingly
trating the upper limit when the glass panel is in 65
holds the same in position within the ?anged
edge 31 of the bracket and in mesh with the
pinion teeth.‘
_
The rear twisted end of. the rack bar 35 is piv
70 oted at 4| to a plate 42 which is offset outwardly
and pivoted at 43 to a bracket 44 adjustably se
cured to the inner panel l5. The lower offset
portion of plate 42 is spot welded to a plate or
bar 45 and forms therewith an oscillatable two
75 arm bell crank lever. It will be noted that the
8. The ‘stud 60 is installed so as to travel simul
movement of the glass panel and Fig. 3 illus- ’
closed position, the pivoted glass 2| being held in
the plane of the panel and the window opening
during this time. Thus, by turning the crank
53 in one direction the glass panel may be raised
to its full closed position during the travel of
the stud B0 in the straight horizontal slot por
tions 46’and 48. After the glass has reachedthis
closed position, as shown in Fig. 3-, further turn
ing of the crank in the same direction will cause
the stud 60 to travel idly through the arcuate
amass‘
slot 41. this slot or guideway portion being con
centric with the arm 58b and hence preventing
vertical movement of the panel.
During ‘this
time the stud 80 will travel into the angular slot
49 in the plate or bar 45 and by cam action will
rock the bar, and hence the arm 42 about the
pivot 43. This movement of the bell crank 42,
45 will shift the rack bar endwise thereby ro
tating the pinion 32 and swinging the pivoted
10 glass II on its pivots, as illustrated in Fig. 1.
' .
the forward vertical edge of the glass 20 and
apron I. is confined within and guided by the
channel shaped runway 21 carried by the for
ward glass panel. If desired. however, the con
struction may be readily reversed and the run
way 21 together with the vertical partition bar
I23 maybe secured to the rear panel and slide
vertically'therewith.
'
Any suitable regulator mechanism may be em
ployed for shifting the glass panel 20 vertically‘
It will thus be seen that the glass panel 2I - within its guides.
may be independently swung, relatively ‘to its
slidable supporting frame, into various adjusted
positions within that part of the main window
15 opening defined by the area forwardly of the
vertical partition bar I23. In this manner venti
lating openings of varying sizes may be readily
provided by a simple operation of the regulator
mechanism. However, it will be noted that verti
cal movement of the glass panel 2| is prevented
until the operator 53 is actuated a predetermined
' amount to swing said panel into full closed posi
In the present instance the
apron 08 is provided with horizontal slots 13 with
in-which travel buttons or studs ‘I4 secured to the
outer ends of crossed swinging arms 15. These
arms are secured to a pair of meshing gears ‘II 15
which in turn are operated in any suitable man-4
ner through reduction gearing generally indicated
at ‘II from an operating handle or crank ‘I8.
Referring to the regulator mechanism for the
vertically slidable window frame 23 it will be. 20
noted that the throw or vertical arc of travel of.
the long arm III) of the bell crank is materially
tion against the weather stripping 25, 26, - as , greater than the arc of travel of the short arm
shown in Figs. 4 and 5, and in the vertical plane
of the sliding frame 23, after which further
movement of, the operator causes the panel to be
lowered into the body of the door between the
inner and outer body panels. Hence, by a con
tinuous turning action of the regulator handle
in one direction the glass panel can be raised
into its closed position shown in Fig. 3 and then
swung about its vertical axis, as shown in Fig. 1,
to provide a ventilating opening.
In the present preferred embodiment of the
invention, as applied to an automobile door,
the main window opening is, for all practical
purposes, divided by the partition bar I23 into
two openings which are separately closed by
means of the glass panels 20 and 2|. Where the
40 invention is applied to the rear quarter window
opening it may be desirable to construct the piv
oted glass panel 2| so as to close the entire open
ing, thus omitting the sliding panel 20. In the
present instance the depending apron 23a of the
sliding frame 23 is ?anged along its forward
vertical edge below the window sill to provide a
channel or U-shaped edge portion 62 adapted to
be guided within the glass runway lab, see Fig.
6. The opposite vertical edge of the apron 23a
is pressed to provide reverse bends 63 and 64
terminating in a ?anged edge 65 which is guided
vertically in an under-cut slot or recess formed
between a channel bar 66 secured to the inner
panel and a spacer strip 61 secured thereto by
The channel strip 21, below
the window sill, is spot welded to the inwardly
bent edge 63 of the apron.
Fastened to the lower edge of the window glass
20 is a horizontal channel strip 68 to which is
secured a depending apron 69 the forward edge
of which is pressed to provide a channel shaped
55 screws, see Fig; 6.
‘ portion ‘Ill adapted to slide within the runway 21
carried by the apron 23a, see Figs. 3 and 6. The
edge of the apron 69 is reversely bent at ‘II and
65 terminates in a ?ange ‘I2 extending oppositely
to the guide flange 65 and slidable vertically
within a corresponding under-cut guideway or
slot formed between the members 66 and 61, as
shown in Fig. 6. From this construction it will
70 be seen that the vertical guide 66, 61 carried by
the inner panel framing of the door provides a
common guiding means for adjacent edges of the
sliding glass panels, the other vertical edges of
said panels being guided vertically by the outer
76 runways I81) and. I80. In the present example
"a. Hence, a relatively great range of vertical
movement of the window is possible as a result
of this leverage arrangement. Moreover, the ac
tion of the oscillatable arm l4 and link 50 is
such as to impart a relatively faster vertical
movement of the window near the lower limit of
its travel thannear its upper limit of travel.
Referring now particularly to Figs. 9 to 12 in
clusive of the drawings, vie/have shown therein a
modified form of the invention. In this form, the
guide means for the adjacent edges of the glass
panels is carried by the rear glass panel. The
door comprises a front inclined pillar III! and a
rear vertical pillar III transversely joined at the
top and bottom thereof in conventional manner
and forming a main window opening H2. The
outer panel of the door is shown at I II, this panel . 40.
being flanged around the window opening to pro
vide the usual reveal portions H4. The door has
an inner metal panel II‘. The window reveal at
the inner side of the window opening is finished
by means of the usual garnish molding I II. The
molding III is inwardly ?anged at “la and to
gether with the ?anged portion I I4a of the outer
panel, engages a felt covered metal channel strip
or member II8. This channel strip provides the
glass runway at the front and rear edge of the 50
opening II2 for the sliding rear and front glass
panels I20 and I2I, respectively. The front glass
panel I 2I which is mounted for swinging as well
as sliding movement, is provided at three sides
with a marginal channel-shaped metal binding
strip I22. The glass I2I in turn is supported with
in a skeleton metal frame I23 shaped to conform
to the contour of the forward portion of the win
dow opening. The frame terminates at its low
er edge in a sheet metal apron I23a. The metal 60
frame I23 is pressed around its inside to provide
dovetail grooves I24 within which is anchored a
weather strip I25 formed of suitable material,
such as rubber, shaped to cooperate with the
frame I22 of the glass panel I2I when closed,
so as to provide a relatively tight joint. The
swinging glass panel I 2| is pivoted at its upper
edge within the frame I23 by means of a stud
I40, and at its lower edge the panel is pivotally
mounted by a stud I4I.
‘
70
The rear glass panel I20 carries a metallic guide
frame member I28 provided with an inner ?ange
I28a and an outer ?ange I28b, these ?anges being
shaped to support and grip therebetween a weath
er strip I28 of rubber or other suitable material 75
4
2,128,884
guide means to cooperate therewith to guide and
maintain the rear panel in a predetermined ver
metal frame for the window pane! I20 terminates , tical position during its movement into and out
'
'
at its lower edge in a depending sheet metal apron of said window well.
3. In a‘ vehicle body having a window opening,
I68. It is, of course, desirable to guide the adja
cent edges of the aprons [23a and I89 when the a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically
window panels are raised or lowered and for this and independently into and out of position with
purpose we have adopted the construction best in a window well, the forward panel of said pair
being capable of swinging movement when in
shown in Fig. 12. Referring to this ?gure, a chan
10 nel-shaped member or bracket I30 is secured to, raised position, guide means at the outer edges
of said panels, movable guide means located at
the inside panel H5 by bolts or studs l30a. Fas
tened to the inner face of the member I30 is a the Joint of said panels carried by the rear
guide plate l3l having curved side edges to receive panel and engageable with but movable inde
the beads I231; and I 88a of'the apron members pendently of said swinging panel when the rear
I I234: and I89, respectively. A spring retainer panel moves into said well, separate guide means 16
plate i3! engages the beads and together with a ?xed within the window'well in» line with said
binder plate I33 and a series of rivets or the like movable guide means to cooperate therewith to
I34,- holds the beads against the guide surfaces to guide and maintain the rear panel in a predeter
provide a uniform sliding contact. It will be mined vertical position during its movement into
understood, of course, that the aprons i231: and and out of said window well, and independent
upon which the rear edge of the swinging glass
panel l2l engages to form a tight joint.
The
I89 and their bead portions slide independently
and relatively to the guide member when the win
regulator mechanism for operating each of said
dow panels are raised or lowered.
4. In a window regulator mechanism for use in
a vehicle door having a window opening and a
In order to
avoid duplication in the drawings we have not
shown in Figs. 9 to 12 inclusive the operating
mechanism for the glass panels, but it‘is under
stood that the mechanism for this purpose which
is shown in the preceding ?gures of the drawings
is embodied in the embodiment of the invention
30'. illustrated in Figs. 9. to 12 inclusive.
We claim:
1. In a vehicle body having a window opening,
a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically
into and out of position within a window well,
-, one of said panels comprising a skeleton frame
and a glass panel pivoted within the frame on a
vertical axis located intermediate the front and
rear edges of the panel, mechanism for swinging
said glass when the frame is elevated and includ
ing means for sliding the entire frame and glass
vertically, and a common vertical guide ?xed to
the body and located wholly within said window
well for independently guiding adjacent vertical
edges of said panels during sliding movement
thereof.
,
‘
'
2. In a vehicle body having a window opening,
a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically
' and independently into and out of position with
in a window well, the forward panel of said pair
being capable of swinging movement when in
raised position, guide means at the outer edges
of said panels, movable guide means located at
the joint of said panels carried by the rear panel
and engageable with but movable independently
of said swinging panel when the rear panel moves
into said well, and separate guide means ?xed
within the window well in line with said movable
panels.
pair of glass panels coope'rable to close the open 25
ing, the front panel being mounted to swing
horizontally and to slide in an up and down di
rection and the rear panel being mounted to
slide in an up and down direction; a regulator
including a swinging arm, a retainer member
secured to the lower edge of the sliding panel
and connected to said arm, an upright guide
member adapted to be mounted in the well of
the door beneath the front edge portion of the
sliding panel, said guide member having a lon
gitudinal guideway and said retainer member
having a transverse extension provided with
means slidable in said guideway.
5. In a window regulator mechanism for use
in a vehicle door having a window opening and 40
a pair of glass panels cooperable to close the
opening,'the front panel being mounted to swing
horizontally and to slide in an up and down
direction and the rear panel being mounted to
slide in an up and down direction; a eguiator 45
including a swinging arm, a retainer me her se
cured to the lower edge of the sliding panel and
connected to said am, an upright guide member
adapted to be mounted in the well of the door
beneath the front edge portion of the sliding
panel, said guide member having a longitudinal
guideway and said retainer member having a
transverse extension provided with means slid
able in said guideway, and said front panel also
having means slidable in. said guideway.
MJLLARD H. TONCRAY.
EARL H. PICKETT.
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