Патент USA US2128384код для вставки
Aug- 30, 1938. M. H. TONCRAY ET AL 2,128,384 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANI SM Original Filed Sept. 23, 1935 5 She'ets-Sheet 1 INVEN TOR5 E , _’l_ _ Millard h’. 7627(7'05/ far! . h’. Pic/Fe if. ATTORNEYS Aug. 30, 1938. M. H. TONCRAY ET AL 2,128,334 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM Original Filed Sept. 23, 1933 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 ‘I m///// 5 INVENTORS \ \ far] h“. Pz‘cke i‘ i. BY WQM§pM 7-3110. ATTORNEYJ~ Aug. 30, 1938. M. H. TONCRAY ET AL 2,128,384 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM Original Filed Sept. 25, 1953 A5751 (5/) 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 ,56 .T. W‘ #38111‘ A TTORNEYS Aug. 30, 1938. M. H. TONCRAY ET AL 2,128,384 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM Original Filed Sept. 25, 1953 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 1% // Wm M Wm5a. A TTORNEYS Aug- 30, 1938. M. H. TONCRAY ET AL 2,128,384 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM Original Filed Sept. 23, 1935 -_ 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTORS /‘7ziiard /‘/. Eneray far/ ff P10112212’. dapdwavwmh ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 30, 1938 2,128,384 ~ UNITED V's'rA'rEs‘ PATENT OFFICE 2,128,384 WINDOW VENTILATING MECHANISM Millard H. Toncray and Earl H. Pickett, Detroit, Mich., assignors to Hudson Motor Car Com pany, Detroit, Micln, a corporation of Michi Application September 23, 1933, Serial No. 690,844 Renewed May ‘I, 1937 5 '10 H5 20 25 30 35 5 Claims. (01. 296-44) \ This invention relates to ventilating windows Fig. 8 isya section taken through lines 0-8 of and is particularly adapted for use in automobile Fig. l in the direction of the arrows. or other closed vehicle bodies. The invention‘ Fig. 9 is a fragmentary elevation taken from may be embodied in any one or all of the doors the outside of the door and showing a modi?ed of the body or, in the case of a sedan for exam form of construction. T ple, may be used in connection with the rear Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 9 showing one quarter window. of the glass panels in elevated position and one An object of the invention is to provide a ven in lowered position. tilating window structure embodying a glass panel Fig. 11 is a horizontal section taken substan which may be shifted vertically within a window tially along the line il-ll oi’ Fig. 9 in the direc opening in the body to open and close the same tion of the arrows. and which also may be swung in a horizontal di Fig. 12 is a horizontal section taken substan rection about a vertical axis into different ad tially along the line i2—i2 of Fig. 9 in the direc justed positions, when the panel is in elevated po tion of the arrows. sition, to provide a ventilating opening. . Before explaining in detail the present inven Another object of the invention is to provide a tion it is to be understood that the invention is vertically slidable glass can'ylng panel capable of not limited in its application to the details of horizontal swinging movement when the panel is construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in elevated position, and wherein a regulator in the accompanying drawings, since the inven mechanism having a single operating control is tion is capable of other embodiments and of being 20 provided for imparting both sliding and swing practiced or carried out in various ways. Also it ing movements to the panel. ' is to be understood that the phraseology or termi A further object of the invention is to provide nology employed herein is for the purpose of de a vehicle body having a window opening adapted scription. and not of limitation, and it is not in to be closed by means of two vertically sliding tended to limit the invention claimed herein be glass carrying panels, one of said panels having yond the requirements of the prior art. the glass thereof pivoted to swing horizontally In the present instance the invention has been when the panel is elevated, and wherein regula embodied, by way of example, in the front door tor mechanism is provided for independently of an automobile body although it is understood ' raising and lowering said panels and also for that the structure may be applied to any window swinging the pivoted glass when in raised posi opening in the automobile or vehicle body. The tion within the window opening. door comprises a front inclined pillar i6 and a : Other objects of this invention will appear in rear vertical pillar ii transversely joined at the the following description and appended claims, top and bottom thereof in conventional manner reference being had to the- accompanying draw and forming a main window opening it. The 35 ings forming a part of this speci?cation wherein outer panel of the door is illustrated at i3, this like reference characters designate corresponding parts in the several views. Fig. l is an elevation, partly broken away, 40 taken from the inside of an automobile door and ' illustrating one embodiment of the invention. Fig. 2 is a similar view on a smaller scale, illus trating the glass panels in lowered positions. panel being ?anged around the window opeg to provide the usual reveal portions it. The in her metal panel of the door is illustrated at i5, this panel being concealed in practice by ‘an inner 40 trim panel indicated at it in Fig. l. The window reveal at the inner side of the window opening is ?nished by means of the usual garnish mold ing ll. As illustrated in Fig. 5 the metal mold ing 8‘! is inwardly ?anged at i142 and engages a 45 correspondingly ?anged portion i40- oi’ the outer panel, thus providing a channel along the side edges and top of the window opening within Fig. 3 is an elevation, partly broken away, taken from the outside of the door and illustrat ing the glass panels in elevated position. Fig. 4 is a section taken through lines 8-4 of Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows. Fig. 5 is a section taken through lines 5—5 of which is secured a felt covered metal channel 50 ' strip is. The channel strip I8 is sloped at the 50 Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows. forward edge of the opening in accordance with Fig. 6 is a section taken through lines‘6—6 of the inclination of the door and provides the glass Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows. Fig. 7 is a section taken through line 1-7 of 55 Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows. runway at the front and rear edge of the opening for the sliding glass panels. The strip extends along the top edge of the opening as shown at 56 2,128,884 2 88a, see Fig. '1, to providecthe header channel for receiving the upper edges of the glass panels when in raised positions. The channel strip It has a vertical extension ilb below the window sill which may be secured atits lower edge by a~suit' able bracket l9 secured to the inner panel l5. . The channel strip also has a downward extension I80 at the rear edge of the door for guiding the rear panel during its vertical movement. 10 ‘ In the ‘present instance the window opening i2 is controlled ‘by means of two glass panels 20 and 2|, the latter being pivoted forv swinging as shown, is provided with an upper offset latch projection or portion 42a. When the parts are movement within the“ forward portion of the opening. The glass 2| carries a marginal chan figure, the projection or latch 42a engages _a stud 15 nel shaped metal binding strip 22 which, in the embodiment of Fig. 1, extends continuously around the edges of the glass pane. The glass 2| in turn is supported within a skeleton metal frame 23 shaped to conform to the contour of the for 20 ward portion of the window opening, this frame terminating at its lower edge in 9. depending sheet metal apron 23a. The apron is stamped at its upper horizontal edge to provide a ?ange 23b '25 apron 23a is provided with a two-way slot or guideway comprising, as shown particularly in Fig. 3, a horizontal portion 46 and an upwardly extending radius portion 41. The arm 45 of the bell crank lever is in turn provided with a straight normally horizontal slot or guideway portion 48 corresponding in length_to the slot portion 44 and terminating in a downwardly inclined angu-' lar portion 43. As best seen in Fig. 1,,the member or plate 42, 10 spot welded to the lower side of the frame 23, see Fig. 7. The frame 23 around three sides of in the positions in which they are shown in this or stop 44a carried by the adjustable plate or 15 bracket 44 to prevent further movement of the plate 42 toward the left about its pivot 43. Thus, the glass panel 2| is prevented from being ‘swung outwardly beyond a predetermined point, namely beyond its position of Fig. 1. The stop and latch 20 means herein shown for limiting or blocking the outward swinging movement of the glass panel 2|, is illustrated, merely by way of example, and it is to be understood that other suitable means may be employed for this purpose. For example, 25 the glass panel 2| is of general channel shape _if desired, a stop may be posititoned at a prede closed along its outer face and adapted to travel termined point in the path of movement of a within the glass runway I8. The frame 23 is button or stud 60 carried by the'long arm 53b . pressed around its inside to provide dove tail of a bell crank lever 58, hereinafter referred to. 30 grooves 24 within which are anchored weather The glass carrying frame 23 including the 30 strips 25 and 28 of suitable material, such as having a channel shaped binding strip 23 se cured to the marginal edges of the glass. The glass panel 2| is pivoted at its upper edge apron 23a is shifted vertically into open and closed positions and the pivoted panel 2| is swung horizontally within the window opening, by successive movements through the medium of a single regulator mechanism. In the present 35 instance there is illustrated a suitable regulator for accomplishing these operations. The regu lator comprises a supporting plate 50 secured to the inner panel of the door and carrying a gear sector 5| pivoted thereto at 5|a. Meshing with the sector 5| is a pinion 52 which may be rotated within the frame 23 by means of a stud 29 se by means of a crank arm 53 on the inside of the cured to the framing 22 and ?tting within a door. Fixed to the pivot 5|a of the gear sector is a swinging arm 54 to the outer end of which is pivoted at 55 a link 56 which in turn is pivoted at 51 to the short arm 58a of a bell crank lever rubber, shaped to cooperate with the edges vof the glass panel 2|, when closed, so as to provide a relatively tight joint. The rear vertical side 'of 35 the frame 23 comprises a channel bar |23 open ing rearwardly to receive a felt lined channel member 21 providing a vertical runway for the forward edge of ,the glass panel 20, this panel socket 30 carried by the frame 23. At its lower 45 edge the panel at 2| is pivotally mounted in the frame 23 by means of a stud 3|, see Fig. 7, secured at its upper end to the metal framing 56 pivoted at 59 to the supporting plate 50. The 22. The stud or pivot 3| has a bearing within an aperture in the reveal portion I4 of the outer long arm 58b of the bell crank carries at its outer end a stud 60 which carries a yleldingly mount 50 body panel, and carried by the lower end thereof ed. collar 60a held in position against the ?anges 01‘ the plate 45 by means of a spring 6|, see Fig. is a pinion 32 having teeth 33 meshing with the teeth 34 of a sliding rack bar 35. The hub of the pinion 32 has a hearing within a plate or bracket 36_which extends transversely through an open 55 ing in the apron 23a and is ?anged at 31 to em-= brace one edge of the rack bar 35. The plate or bracket 36 is provided with upwardly pro jecting tongues struck up from the metal thereof and bolted at 36a to the apron 23a, see Fig. 6. 60 The bottom of the pinion 32 rests upon a plate 39 ?anged at its outer edge and riveted at 38' to the bracket 36. The rivets 38 also hold the outer ?anged edge of a leaf spring 40, the for taneously in the slots 46 and 41 of the apron and in the slots 48’, 49 of the plate 45. By turn ing the crank 53 of the regulator. mechanism to operate the gearing, the bell crank 53 will be turned so as to swing the long arm 58b of the mechanism from the position of Fig. 2 to the position of Fig. 3 and vice versa. It will be seen that the glass panel will be shifted vertically during the travel of the stud 60 in the corre sponding guideway or slot portions 46 and 48, Fig. 2 illustrating the lower limit of vertical . ward ?anged edge of which underlies and engages 65 the bottom face of the rack bar 35 and yieldingly trating the upper limit when the glass panel is in 65 holds the same in position within the ?anged edge 31 of the bracket and in mesh with the pinion teeth.‘ _ The rear twisted end of. the rack bar 35 is piv 70 oted at 4| to a plate 42 which is offset outwardly and pivoted at 43 to a bracket 44 adjustably se cured to the inner panel l5. The lower offset portion of plate 42 is spot welded to a plate or bar 45 and forms therewith an oscillatable two 75 arm bell crank lever. It will be noted that the 8. The ‘stud 60 is installed so as to travel simul movement of the glass panel and Fig. 3 illus- ’ closed position, the pivoted glass 2| being held in the plane of the panel and the window opening during this time. Thus, by turning the crank 53 in one direction the glass panel may be raised to its full closed position during the travel of the stud B0 in the straight horizontal slot por tions 46’and 48. After the glass has reachedthis closed position, as shown in Fig. 3-, further turn ing of the crank in the same direction will cause the stud 60 to travel idly through the arcuate amass‘ slot 41. this slot or guideway portion being con centric with the arm 58b and hence preventing vertical movement of the panel. During ‘this time the stud 80 will travel into the angular slot 49 in the plate or bar 45 and by cam action will rock the bar, and hence the arm 42 about the pivot 43. This movement of the bell crank 42, 45 will shift the rack bar endwise thereby ro tating the pinion 32 and swinging the pivoted 10 glass II on its pivots, as illustrated in Fig. 1. ' . the forward vertical edge of the glass 20 and apron I. is confined within and guided by the channel shaped runway 21 carried by the for ward glass panel. If desired. however, the con struction may be readily reversed and the run way 21 together with the vertical partition bar I23 maybe secured to the rear panel and slide vertically'therewith. ' Any suitable regulator mechanism may be em ployed for shifting the glass panel 20 vertically‘ It will thus be seen that the glass panel 2I - within its guides. may be independently swung, relatively ‘to its slidable supporting frame, into various adjusted positions within that part of the main window 15 opening defined by the area forwardly of the vertical partition bar I23. In this manner venti lating openings of varying sizes may be readily provided by a simple operation of the regulator mechanism. However, it will be noted that verti cal movement of the glass panel 2| is prevented until the operator 53 is actuated a predetermined ' amount to swing said panel into full closed posi In the present instance the apron 08 is provided with horizontal slots 13 with in-which travel buttons or studs ‘I4 secured to the outer ends of crossed swinging arms 15. These arms are secured to a pair of meshing gears ‘II 15 which in turn are operated in any suitable man-4 ner through reduction gearing generally indicated at ‘II from an operating handle or crank ‘I8. Referring to the regulator mechanism for the vertically slidable window frame 23 it will be. 20 noted that the throw or vertical arc of travel of. the long arm III) of the bell crank is materially tion against the weather stripping 25, 26, - as , greater than the arc of travel of the short arm shown in Figs. 4 and 5, and in the vertical plane of the sliding frame 23, after which further movement of, the operator causes the panel to be lowered into the body of the door between the inner and outer body panels. Hence, by a con tinuous turning action of the regulator handle in one direction the glass panel can be raised into its closed position shown in Fig. 3 and then swung about its vertical axis, as shown in Fig. 1, to provide a ventilating opening. In the present preferred embodiment of the invention, as applied to an automobile door, the main window opening is, for all practical purposes, divided by the partition bar I23 into two openings which are separately closed by means of the glass panels 20 and 2|. Where the 40 invention is applied to the rear quarter window opening it may be desirable to construct the piv oted glass panel 2| so as to close the entire open ing, thus omitting the sliding panel 20. In the present instance the depending apron 23a of the sliding frame 23 is ?anged along its forward vertical edge below the window sill to provide a channel or U-shaped edge portion 62 adapted to be guided within the glass runway lab, see Fig. 6. The opposite vertical edge of the apron 23a is pressed to provide reverse bends 63 and 64 terminating in a ?anged edge 65 which is guided vertically in an under-cut slot or recess formed between a channel bar 66 secured to the inner panel and a spacer strip 61 secured thereto by The channel strip 21, below the window sill, is spot welded to the inwardly bent edge 63 of the apron. Fastened to the lower edge of the window glass 20 is a horizontal channel strip 68 to which is secured a depending apron 69 the forward edge of which is pressed to provide a channel shaped 55 screws, see Fig; 6. ‘ portion ‘Ill adapted to slide within the runway 21 carried by the apron 23a, see Figs. 3 and 6. The edge of the apron 69 is reversely bent at ‘II and 65 terminates in a ?ange ‘I2 extending oppositely to the guide flange 65 and slidable vertically within a corresponding under-cut guideway or slot formed between the members 66 and 61, as shown in Fig. 6. From this construction it will 70 be seen that the vertical guide 66, 61 carried by the inner panel framing of the door provides a common guiding means for adjacent edges of the sliding glass panels, the other vertical edges of said panels being guided vertically by the outer 76 runways I81) and. I80. In the present example "a. Hence, a relatively great range of vertical movement of the window is possible as a result of this leverage arrangement. Moreover, the ac tion of the oscillatable arm l4 and link 50 is such as to impart a relatively faster vertical movement of the window near the lower limit of its travel thannear its upper limit of travel. Referring now particularly to Figs. 9 to 12 in clusive of the drawings, vie/have shown therein a modified form of the invention. In this form, the guide means for the adjacent edges of the glass panels is carried by the rear glass panel. The door comprises a front inclined pillar III! and a rear vertical pillar III transversely joined at the top and bottom thereof in conventional manner and forming a main window opening H2. The outer panel of the door is shown at I II, this panel . 40. being flanged around the window opening to pro vide the usual reveal portions H4. The door has an inner metal panel II‘. The window reveal at the inner side of the window opening is finished by means of the usual garnish molding I II. The molding III is inwardly ?anged at “la and to gether with the ?anged portion I I4a of the outer panel, engages a felt covered metal channel strip or member II8. This channel strip provides the glass runway at the front and rear edge of the 50 opening II2 for the sliding rear and front glass panels I20 and I2I, respectively. The front glass panel I 2I which is mounted for swinging as well as sliding movement, is provided at three sides with a marginal channel-shaped metal binding strip I22. The glass I2I in turn is supported with in a skeleton metal frame I23 shaped to conform to the contour of the forward portion of the win dow opening. The frame terminates at its low er edge in a sheet metal apron I23a. The metal 60 frame I23 is pressed around its inside to provide dovetail grooves I24 within which is anchored a weather strip I25 formed of suitable material, such as rubber, shaped to cooperate with the frame I22 of the glass panel I2I when closed, so as to provide a relatively tight joint. The swinging glass panel I 2| is pivoted at its upper edge within the frame I23 by means of a stud I40, and at its lower edge the panel is pivotally mounted by a stud I4I. ‘ 70 The rear glass panel I20 carries a metallic guide frame member I28 provided with an inner ?ange I28a and an outer ?ange I28b, these ?anges being shaped to support and grip therebetween a weath er strip I28 of rubber or other suitable material 75 4 2,128,884 guide means to cooperate therewith to guide and maintain the rear panel in a predetermined ver metal frame for the window pane! I20 terminates , tical position during its movement into and out ' ' at its lower edge in a depending sheet metal apron of said window well. 3. In a‘ vehicle body having a window opening, I68. It is, of course, desirable to guide the adja cent edges of the aprons [23a and I89 when the a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically window panels are raised or lowered and for this and independently into and out of position with purpose we have adopted the construction best in a window well, the forward panel of said pair being capable of swinging movement when in shown in Fig. 12. Referring to this ?gure, a chan 10 nel-shaped member or bracket I30 is secured to, raised position, guide means at the outer edges of said panels, movable guide means located at the inside panel H5 by bolts or studs l30a. Fas tened to the inner face of the member I30 is a the Joint of said panels carried by the rear guide plate l3l having curved side edges to receive panel and engageable with but movable inde the beads I231; and I 88a of'the apron members pendently of said swinging panel when the rear I I234: and I89, respectively. A spring retainer panel moves into said well, separate guide means 16 plate i3! engages the beads and together with a ?xed within the window'well in» line with said binder plate I33 and a series of rivets or the like movable guide means to cooperate therewith to I34,- holds the beads against the guide surfaces to guide and maintain the rear panel in a predeter provide a uniform sliding contact. It will be mined vertical position during its movement into understood, of course, that the aprons i231: and and out of said window well, and independent upon which the rear edge of the swinging glass panel l2l engages to form a tight joint. The I89 and their bead portions slide independently and relatively to the guide member when the win regulator mechanism for operating each of said dow panels are raised or lowered. 4. In a window regulator mechanism for use in a vehicle door having a window opening and a In order to avoid duplication in the drawings we have not shown in Figs. 9 to 12 inclusive the operating mechanism for the glass panels, but it‘is under stood that the mechanism for this purpose which is shown in the preceding ?gures of the drawings is embodied in the embodiment of the invention 30'. illustrated in Figs. 9. to 12 inclusive. We claim: 1. In a vehicle body having a window opening, a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically into and out of position within a window well, -, one of said panels comprising a skeleton frame and a glass panel pivoted within the frame on a vertical axis located intermediate the front and rear edges of the panel, mechanism for swinging said glass when the frame is elevated and includ ing means for sliding the entire frame and glass vertically, and a common vertical guide ?xed to the body and located wholly within said window well for independently guiding adjacent vertical edges of said panels during sliding movement thereof. , ‘ ' 2. In a vehicle body having a window opening, a pair of window glass panels slidable vertically ' and independently into and out of position with in a window well, the forward panel of said pair being capable of swinging movement when in raised position, guide means at the outer edges of said panels, movable guide means located at the joint of said panels carried by the rear panel and engageable with but movable independently of said swinging panel when the rear panel moves into said well, and separate guide means ?xed within the window well in line with said movable panels. pair of glass panels coope'rable to close the open 25 ing, the front panel being mounted to swing horizontally and to slide in an up and down di rection and the rear panel being mounted to slide in an up and down direction; a regulator including a swinging arm, a retainer member secured to the lower edge of the sliding panel and connected to said arm, an upright guide member adapted to be mounted in the well of the door beneath the front edge portion of the sliding panel, said guide member having a lon gitudinal guideway and said retainer member having a transverse extension provided with means slidable in said guideway. 5. In a window regulator mechanism for use in a vehicle door having a window opening and 40 a pair of glass panels cooperable to close the opening,'the front panel being mounted to swing horizontally and to slide in an up and down direction and the rear panel being mounted to slide in an up and down direction; a eguiator 45 including a swinging arm, a retainer me her se cured to the lower edge of the sliding panel and connected to said am, an upright guide member adapted to be mounted in the well of the door beneath the front edge portion of the sliding panel, said guide member having a longitudinal guideway and said retainer member having a transverse extension provided with means slid able in said guideway, and said front panel also having means slidable in. said guideway. MJLLARD H. TONCRAY. EARL H. PICKETT.