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Патент USA US2128396

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Aug- 30, 1938-
,
A. R. BOAZ
APPARATUS FOR OBSERVING RECIPROCATING OBJECTS
Filed Aug. 30, 1935
2,128,396
Patented Aug. 30, 1938
2,128,396
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,128,396
APPARATUS FOR OBSERVING RECIPROCAT
ING OBJECTS
Arthur Robert Boaz,‘ Acton, London, England, as
'
signor to R. Hoe & 00., Inc., New York, N. Y.,
a corporation of New York
'
Application August 30, 1935, Serial No. 38,510
7 Claims. (CI. 88-14)
_
This invention relates to improvements in ap
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic plan view showing
‘the association of an apparatus embodying the
particularly tov such apparatus for use in observ- _ features of this invention, with a reciprocating
paratus for observing moving objects and more
ing reciprocating objects, wherein provision is
5 made to cause the object viewed to appear sta
tionary.
'
»
The invention is particularly useful in observing
an object or spot on the surface of a reciprocat
ing member, to inspect or check its relative posi
10 tion or its condition and the accuracy of its dis
position. It may be used to advantage in asso
ciation with machines wherein the work operated
upon reciprocates at arelatively high speed.
- This invention broadly contemplates the pro.
ll vision of means, including an optical system ar
ranged to re?ect an image of a chosen spot or
area on a reciprocating object to the viewpoint of
an observer, and wherein means to compensate
for the movement of the object is included, to
39 cause the image to appear substantially sta
tionary.
The invention has for one of its principal ob
jects, the provision of apparatus for observing a
chosen area on a reciprocating object, and which
25 includes means to cause the area to appear sta
tionary, and wherein this means is moved or
rocked in synchronism with the reciprocation of
the object, to eliminate such movement from the
image thereof, to be viewed.
30
Another object of this invention is to provide
in an apparatus for eliminating the movement in
the image of a reciprocating object to be viewed,
means to direct the re?ection of the image to a
position convenient to the vision of an observer.
A further object of this invention is to provide
in apparatus of this nature, mechanism to move.
or oscillate a light re?ecting member, disposed
_ to receive light rays from a reciprocating object,
member‘ upon which is an area or object to be
viewed;
.
5
Figure 2 is a plan view of part of the apparatus
shown in Figure 1, including a ‘slightly modi?ed
arrangement for actuating the movable re?ecting
member; and >
Figure‘ 3 is a side view of the same.
.
1 -
As diagrammatically illustrated in Figure 1, the
10
apparatus of this invention may have an enclo
sure II, which is disposed in relation to a re
ciprocating part or plate l2, whereby the said
apparatus is in proper position to operate e?i- 15
ciently to accomplish the results desired. An
area or object requiring periodic inspection or ob
servation, it will be assumed, is disposed on the
face of the plate I2, at l3. The plate or carrier
[2 may be reciprocated by any desirable means 20
as by a crank mechanism M, the crank being
secured to a pinion l4’ driven by a driving
gear IS.‘
A light reflecting member, such as a mirror I6,
is mounted, as shown in Figures _2 and 3, in a 26
frame H, which in turn is mounted for swing
ing movement in a vertical plane on a support
ing post or stationary shaft I8, whereby the mir
ror l6 may oscillate to follow the object l3, on the
plate l2, as it reciprocates, and to continuously 30
receive and re?ect an image thereof. The mem
ber l6 may be given the desired swinging move
ment by the herein shown cam and lever com
bination, comprising a rotatable earn [9 and lever
2|. ‘The lever 2! is pivoted to the post l8, and 35
in Figure 1 is shown with one end secured di
rectly to mirror l6 and at the other end having a
roller 22 in operative engagement with ,the cam
surface of cam IS. A spring 23 maintains the
in such a manner as to substantially eliminate
movement of the image of the object as viewed ‘ roller constantly in engagement with the cam I9. 40
and cause it to appear stationary.
As it is required that the mirror l6 swing in syn
It is also an object of the invention to provide chronism with the reciprocating movement of the
an apparatus for observing reciprocating objects, _ object l3, the cam I9 is driven by a gear 24, which
of generally improve-d construction, whereby the is in mesh with a pinion 25. Thepinion 25, as
45 device will be‘ simple, durable and inexpensive in
shown, is rotated, through bevel gears 26 and 21, 45
construction, as well as convenient, practical, by shaft 28, to which the pinion I4’ is secured.
serviceable and e?icient in its use.
'
The apparatus shown in Figures 2 and 3, in
With the foregoing and other_objects in view, cludes an arrangement of levers, whereby an ad
which will appear as the description proceeds, the justment may be made to vary the movement of
50 invention resides in the combination and arrange
the mirror IE to adapt the device for use where 50
ment of parts, and in the details of construction the distance through which the observed object
hereinafter described and claimed. '
The preferred embodiment of the invention is
illustrated in the accompanying drawing, where
55 in:
reciprocates is variable. The arrangement pro
vides an extension 29 to a lever 2|’, which,
through a link 3|, is connected to the end of an
other lever 32. The lever 32 is pivoted to a post 65
2,128,396
2
33, secured to a base 35, upon which all of the
above parts may be mounted, and which may form
one side of the enclosure I I. In this instance, the
lever 2|’ is not secured to the mirror i6, but is
ported in the enclosure, a fixed magnifying lens
observable exteriorly of the enclosure, means ex
tending from the enclosure to said reciprocating
body actuating means for operably connecting the
freely pivoted to the post l8, and through the said rockable light re?ecting member with the re
body actuating means to move the
link 3|, rocksthe lever 32 in timed relation with ciprocating
rockable light re?ecting member in synchronism
the rotation of the cam IS.
A link 35, connects the lever 32 which is slotted, - with the reciprocating ‘movement of the object
and in predetermined relation to the ?xed light
to the frame I1, which supports the mirror Iii,
10 the link 35 .being pivotally secured at one end to
an arm 36 extending from the said frame.
By
adjusting the lever 35 relatively to the lever 32,
the amount of swinging movement imposed on
the mirror “5, by the cam IS, may be varied.
15
The above described mechanism operates to
cause the mirror 16 to receive and re?ect an im
age, of the object or area i3, continuously to a
common point 3?, during the reciprocating of
the carrier l2, and thus causes it to appear sta
20 tionary at this point.
Another light re?ecting
member 38, disposed. to receive the stationary re
?ected image at point 3?, re?ects the same to
ward and into an image magnifying lens 39 and
thence to the view of an observer.
It will be understood that the invention may
be embodied in other speci?c forms without de
parting from the spirit or essential attributes
thereof, and it is therefore desired that the pres
ent embodiment be considered in all respects ‘as
illustrative and not restrictive, reference being
had to the claims rather than to the foregoing
description to indicate the scope of the invention.
What I claim is:
1. ‘In an apparatus for observing an object on
35 a body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
25
movement, an enclosure, a light re?ecting mem
ber mounted for rocking movement in the en
closure, a ?xed light re?ecting member sup
ported in the enclosure, and means having a com
ponent extending from the enclosure to said re
ciprocating body actuating means for operably
connecting the said rockable light re?ecting mem
ber with the reciprocating body actuating means
to move the rockable light re?ecting member in
10
rocates, the ?xed light re?ecting member being
located to continuously receive the image upon
its re?ecting surface and continuously re?ect the
image to the said magnifying lens for observation 15
from a point exteriorly of the enclosure.
4. In an apparatus for observing an object on a
body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
movement, an enclosure, a light re?ecting mem
ber mounted for swinging movement in the en
closure, a ?xed light re?ecting member sup
ported in the enclosure, and means having a com
ponent extending from‘the enclosure to the said
reciprocating body actuating means for operably
connecting the said swingable light re?ecting 25
member with the reciprocating body actuating
means to impart swinging movement to the
swingable light re?ecting member about an axis
perpendicular to the path of travel of the recip
rocating body and in predetermined relation to so,
the ?xed light re?ecting member to cause the
swingable light re?ecting member to continuous
ly follow the object and continuously re?ect its
image to the fixed re?ecting member, the ?xed
re?ecting member being observable from a point 85
exteriorly of the enclosure.
5. In an apparatus for observing an object on
a body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
movement, a light reflecting member mounted for
swinging movement, a ?xed light re?ecting mem 40
ber, and means for operably connecting the said
swingable light re?ecting member with the re
synchronism with the reciprocating object and in
ciprocating body ‘actuating means to impart
swinging movement to the swlngable light re?ect
ing member about an axis perpendicular to the
path of travel of the reciprocating body and in
predetermined relation to the ?xed light re?ecting
member to cause the swingable light re?ecting
?xed point of observation during the reciproca
tion of the object.
member to follow the object and continuously re
?ect its image to the ?xed light re?ecting mem—, 50
45 constant re?ecting relation to the ?xed light re
?ecting member to cause a re?ected image of the
reciprocating object to appear stationary at a
50
re?ecting member to cause the rockable light re
?ecting member to follow the object asit recip
2. In an apparatus for observing an object on
a body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
movement,an independent support,a light re?ect
ing member mounted for rocking movement on
the independent support, a ?xed light re?ecting
member supported on the independent support,
ber, said means including a cam rotating in syn
chronism with the reciprocating movement of the >
object, gears operably connected with the cam,- a
shaft operably connected with the gears and the
reciprocating body actuating means to rotate the
cam, and a lever operably connected to the swing
means operably supported by the independent able light re?ecting member and actuated by said
support and having acomponent extending from cam.
6. In apparatus for observing an object on a
the independent support to the said reciprocating
body actuatingmeans for operably connecting body mounted and ' actuated for reciprocating 60
60 the said rockable light re?ecting member with , movement, a light re?ecting member mounted for
the reciprocating body actuating means to move
movement about a fulcrum, a ?xed light re?ect
the rockable light re?ecting member in prede
ing member, and means for operably connecting
the said movable light re?ecting member with
the reciprocating body actuating means to im
part a swinging movement to said movable mem
ber in predetermined relation to the ?xed light
re?ecting member to cause the movable light
re?ecting member to follow the object and con
tinuously re?ect its image, said means including
a cam rotating in synchronism with the recip
rocating movement of the object and a plurality
of levers operably connected together and actu
termined relation to the ?xed light re?ecting
member and in synchronism with the movement
65 of the reciprocating object, the fixed light re?ect
ing member being located to continuously receive
the re?ected image of the reciprocated object
from the rockable light re?ecting member and
continuously re?ect it to a ?xed viewpoint.
70
3. In an apparatus for observing an object on
a body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
movement, an enclosure, a light re?ecting mem
ber mounted for rocking movement in the en , ated by said cam, and means constituting the con
nection between two of said levers for adjusting 75
75 closure, a ?xed light re?ecting member sup
2,128,896
one relative to the other to vary the amplitude of
movement of said movable light re?ecting mem
ber commensurate with the amplitude of the re
ciprocating movement of the object.
4 7. An apparatus for observing an object on a
body mounted and actuated for reciprocating
3
components to the reciprocating body actuating
means to impart movement from the reciprocat
ing body actuating means to the said components
‘thereby rocking the rockable light re?ecting
member in synchronism with the movement of
the object on the reciprocating body, the ?xed
movement, comprising an enclosure, a light re
light
re?ecting member being located within the
?ecting member mounted for rocking movement enclosure
to continuously receive the re?ected
in the enclosure, a ?xed light re?ecting member image
of the reciprccated object from the rock
10 supported in the enclosure, components operably
able light re?ecting member and continuously re 10
supported in the enclosure and operable to im
it to a ?xed point observable exteriorly of the
part rocking movement to the said rockable light ' ?ect
enclosure.
re?ecting member, a shaft extending from the
ARTHUR ROBERT BOAZ.
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