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Патент USA US2128399

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Aug. 30, 1938.
E. CARDONE
COIN AND BILL RECEPTACLE
Filed Aug. 1; 1936
2,128,399
2,123,399
Patented Aug. 30, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT
EQE
2,128,399
COIN AND‘ BILL RECEPTACLE
Eugene Cardone, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application August 1, 1936, Serial No. 93,889
15 Claims.
(01. 206-15)
My invention relates to coin and bill receptacles.
More particularly, it relates to a combination sav
ings bank device for coins and bills.
Banks as commonly used for saving coins and
5 bills are generally equipped with a locking mecha
nism which is opened by the use of a key. Such
types of banks, in order to be opened, require the
use of a key, which if lost, makes it inconvenient
to the owner of the bank. Under such circum
10 stances, the key woud have to be duplicated or
the bank broken to remove the coins therefrom.
To avoid these inconveniences, combination banks
have been used which are of very complicated con
struction and difficult for the average person to
use.
In order to avoid the above disadvantages and
objectionable features of the commonly used
banks, I have provided by my invention, a simply
constructed, efficiently operable bank having a
20 plurality of easily connectible and disconnectible
parts.
With the foregoing in view, it is an object of
my invention to provide a simply constructed,
relatively inexpensive portable saving device, for
25 distribution by banks, insurance companies, con
cerns selling goods on the installment plan, and
the like, where the combination on said device
is known only to them, so that said devices are
operable by them.
Another object of the present invention is. to
provide a savings bank which is equipped with a
combination integral with the device, easy to op
30.
erate and use.
Further objects and features of the invention
are advantages of construction, operation of parts
and attainment of results which will be herein
after described.
In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred em
40 bodiment of my invention.
Fig. 2 is an inverted plan view of a portion of
the embodiment shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of another part of the
embodiment.
45
Fig. 4i is a sectional elevation of Fig. 1 on line
4-4; and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the
embodiment in inverted position preparatory to
opening thereof.
Referring now to the drawing in which like
parts have like reference numerals throughout, a
hollow coin container ill of any desirable and
suitable size is provided with a plurality of ver
tically disposed slots II at spaced intervals
55 along the peripheral end of the container. EX
tending across each of the slots is a cross pin
member 12 ?xed to the wall of the container, for
supporting a pivotal locking arm it. It is to be
noted that said arm is preferably L shaped and
is pivoted adjacent its shorter end Hi onto mem
ber l2. Said shorter end 114 extends outwardly
of the slots of container ill whereas the longer
end l5 extends inside the container normally
abutting the wall thereof. The slots ii are of
sufficient width and depth to permit free pivotal 10
movement of the arms l3 around the respective
pins l2. Any number of slots and arms may be
provided, but for purposes of illustration, I have
shown only three.
Adapted to ?t the top of container id is a ro 15
tatable closure member 96 having at its periph
ery an integral depending annular extension wall
I‘! forming an annular space l8‘with wall [9 to
accommodate the end M of arm 53. Annular
wall I‘! is provided with a disc section 29 at its 20
end and is closed by means of an annular ?ange
section 2E! which in turn forms a snug fit with the
wall H! of container Hi. It will be noted that by
this external construction of the closure member,
tampering with arms i3 is prevented. The top
center of closure member I6 is provided with any
decorative handle 2| as shown in Figs. 1 and 4
of the drawing, to permit easy grasping of the
device for movement. The closure member is
also provided with a slot or opening 22 in any
suitable position thereon, for slipping coins and
bills of any denomination therethru into the de
vice. The under face of the closure member is
provided with a spring stop member 23 for partly
covering the slot 22 to prevent escape of coins 35
from container 90 when it is inverted.
The underside of closure member it is pro
vided with a depending annular flange 24 con
centric with annular extension ll and is set
inwardly of the wall E9 of container iii as shown in 40
Fig. 4. Said depending ?ange is provided with a
plurality of slots 25 extending to the underface
of closure member l6 for forming with groove
forming member 26 radially extending from ?ange
24, a pocket 21 for accommodating locking arms
I3 when in a horizontal position, as shown in Fig.
5 preparatory to opening the device. The arms
13 have unrestricted swinging movement when
they are in the pockets 2?. Depending annular
?ange 26 is further provided with a plurality
of equi-spaced slots 28 extending partway upward
of the ?ange when the closure member is mounted
on the container H] as shown in Fig. 4. Such slots
28 are adapted to permit only partial movement
of locking arms l3 with resultant partial raising 55
2
2,128,399
of closure member I 6 without opening of the coin
container, unless the correct combination is
known for opening the container as will herein
after be described.
The exterior of container I0 is provided with a
plurality of diiferent markings which correspond
with markings on the exterior peripheral wall of
extension ll. Said markings in the present in
10
stance have been preferably marked by letters
A, B, C, D and E, respectively, although it is un
derstood that I am not limited to such markings.
Said markings are so disposed at certain intervals
arotmd container I0 and ‘member I6 respectively
that when the proper corresponding markings are
15 in alignment the looking or opening of the device
is e?ected.
In the closing operation of my invention as
embodied herein, a plurality of markings are
shown in the drawing, of which letters C are
20 selected as opening and closing markings for the
selling materials on the installment plan can
easily dispose of devices made according to my
invention to people who can save money at regu
lar intervals and then return said devices to such
institutions for deposit or credit. By the use of
such devices, people learn to acquire the habit of 10
saving and thereby become thrifty.
While one preferred form of my invention has
been described in connection with the accom
panying drawing, it is to be understood that modi- -
?cations as to materials, construction, arrange 15
ment of parts, form and use of materials may be
made without departing from the spirit and
scope of my invention.
I claim:
1. An openable coin savings device comprising 20
device. These markings are so disposed that the
upper letter is in alignment with one side of one
of the groove members 26 as a guide for the
member rotatable about the container forming
others, while the lower marking is disposed ad
pending annular portion for partially covering the
25 jacent one of slots H as a guide so that locking
arms it can be easily moved. When the proper
markings are in alignment as shown in Fig. 1 of
the drawing, closure member [6 is forced down
ward whereby flange section 20 makes contact
with end it of arm l3 thereby pivoting it around
pin !2 until the arm is in a horizontal position,
the longer end l5 of the arm ?tting into pocket
an open container for coins and bills, a closure
a frictional contact therewith and having a de
side of the container, a plurality of spaced lock 25
ing members pivoted to said container, and a
plurality of spaced members in said closure mem
ber corresponding with the locking members for
accommodating the same to permit opening of
the device.
30
2. A device for saving coins and the like, com
prising ‘an open container, a closure member
El. As pressure is still exerted on the closure
member, the section 20 passes end M of arm l3
forming frictional contact with the container,
which in turn reverts to the upright position as
shown in Fig. 4, whereby the short end I4 of
arm 53 is in annular space l8 in a locked position.
The closure member is then slightly raised and
rotated around the container I0. If one then
tries to raise closure member 16 from container
Ill, there is only a partial upward movement of
the member until end M of arms I3 makes con
tact with horizontal inwardly annular member
extended section, and a plurality of angular
members in the closure members for accom
modating the locking members and permit open- ;
29 thus preventing further upward movement.
45
ing of the device. All of the locking arms must
cooperate simultaneously and -?t in the pockets
2‘! for eifective operation of the device. Banking
institutions, insurance companies and concerns
In order to open the device, closure member l6
and container H] are relatively rotated until the
lines 33 and 3! at letters C, are in alignment as
shown in Fig. 1. The whole device is then in
verted as partly shown in Fig. 5 of the drawing,
whereupon arms 13 are tilted over, whereby the
long end !5 is in a horizontal position in pocket
27. By this step, disengagement of end I4 is
made from member29. Closure member I6 is
then moved slowly away from container l0 until
the two are separated whereupon the coins may
be removed and counted.
From the foregoing description of a preferred
embodiment taken in connection with the accom
panying drawing, it will be noted that I have
60 provided a simply constructed device for coins
and bills, which includes a minimum number of
parts. The invention further includes the use of
an effective combination thereby precluding the
use of many locking mechanisms having keys and
the like. Few parts are necessary to assemble
and construct an embodiment according to my
invention. It is to be noted that any number of
locking arms l3 may be used corresponding with
an equal number of pockets 2? therefor in the
70 closure member It. In such cases there must be
a marking on the exterior of the container and
the closure member to indicate the locking posi
tion for arms l3.
having a radially extended section thereon sur
rounding the container when covered by the 010- '
sure member, a plurality of locking arms pivoted
to the container, part of said arms ?tting into the
ing and closing of the device.
3. A savings device, comprising a container for
coins and the like, having a locking member piv
oted to its periphery, thereof, an attachable clo
sure member for the container adapted to form _.
frictional contact therewith, and an angle iron
‘member ?xed to the roof of the closure member
for accommodating the locking member for open
ing and closing said container.
4'. A money savings device, comprising an open
container having a plurality of spaced slots in its
periphery, a locking member pivoted to- the pe
riphery in each of the slots thereof, a rotatable
top closure member for the container forming
frictional contact therewith, having an extend
ing depending ?ange section forming an annular
space for accommodating part of the locking
members, and a plurality of spaced depending
angular members ?xed to the roof, the closure
member forming pockets for accommodating the 00
locking members when the device is inverted to
permit separation of the closure member from the
container.
5. A device for saving coins and bills, com
prising a container, provided at its periphery
with a plurality of equispaced openings, a lock
ing arm pivoted to the container at each of the
openings, a closure member for said container
rotatable thereon, having a depending annular
section forming a closed annular space around 70
the container to accommodate part of the look
ing arm and prevent removal of the closure
Said arms and pockets in ' member from the container, and a plurality of
spaced members in the roof of the closure mem
order to operate eifectively must be relatively set
for the proper combination for opening and clos
ber forming pockets for accommodating the lock
75
2,128,399
ing arms when the device and closure member
are in relative position to permit connection and
disconnection of the same.
6. A device for saving coins and the like, com
prising a container provided with a plurality of
spaced openingsv in its periphery, a plurality of
rocking members pivoted to the container at the
openings, said members having their longer por
tion normally lying against the inner wall of the
10 container, a closure member for the top of the
container having a radially extending portion
overlapping the container, a depending annular
extension integral with the radially extending
portion, an annular member extending inwardly
of the depending member forming a closed annu
lar space around the container for accommodat
ing the outwardly extending portion of said rock
ing member, and a plurality of spaced depending
pockets in the roof of the closure member for
accommodating the longer portion of rocking
members when the device is inverted to permit
opening of the same.
7. A device for savings of coins and the like,
comprising an open container, a plurality of rock
ing arms pivoted adjacent one end to the periph
ery of the container, an opening closure member
for the top of the container having a downwardly
extending portion forming an annular pocket
with the surrounded wall of the container within
which part of the rocking arms ?t, and an annu
lar concentric member depending from the roof
of the closure member, having a plurality of
spaced pockets for accommodating the respective
arms when the device is inverted and the closure
member separated from the container.
8. A device according to claim 7 in which the
rocking arms are normally in vertical position
abutting the inner wall‘of the container when
the device is in an upright position.
9. A savings device for coins and the like, com
prising a cylindrical container, a cover for said
container having an extending portion and a de
pending annular closed portion for surrounding
the top of the container, a plurality of L shaped
members pivoted at intervals along the periphery
of the container whereby the shorter portions of
said members normally extend into the space
formed by the annular closed portion, and de
pending means in the roof of the cover forming
an intermediate space with the wall of the con
tainer, having a plurality of grooves for permit
ting full swinging movement of the L shaped
members whereby to permit opening and closing
of the container.
10. A savings device for coins and bills, com
55
prising a container provided with a plurality of
spaced slots in its periphery, a swingable arm
pivoted to the container in each of said slots,
a removable cover for said container, an over
60 lapping closed annular section integral with the
cover surrounding the container at its top and
3
forming an annular space for said arms, and
annular means depending from the roof of the
cover having angular recesses forming pockets
for accommodating said arms when the device is
inverted and opened.
11. A savings device for coins and bills, com
prising a container provided with a plurality of
spaced slots in its periphery, a cross pin ?xed
across each of said slots, an angular locking arm
pivoted to each of said pins whereby a portion 10
of the arm protrudes outwardly of the wall of
the container and the major portion of the arm
abuts the inner wall of the container, an adjust
able top member having an annular depending
overlapping section forming an annular space ac
commodating the protruding ends of said arms,
and an annular depending member in the roof
of the top member having a plurality of grooves
extending to the roof of the top member for per
mitting free swinging of the arms and resultant 20
relative longitudinal movement of the container
and the top.
12. A device for coins and bills, according to
claim 11, in which the container and top member
are provided with a plurality of sets of corre 25
sponding indicating marks wherein one set of the
marks indicate the relative position of the slots
in the annular depending member and the arms
in the container whereby the top and container
are either connected or disconnected.
30
13. A device for coins and bills according to
claim 11, in which the angular locking arms are
so pivoted that they normally have one end pro
jecting outwardly of the container and the other
end abutting the inner wall of the container, the 35
longer end of said arms striking the annular de
pending member in the roof of the top‘ member
unless in alignment with the grooves of said de
pending member.
14. A device for savings, comprising a container 40
for coins and the like provided with a plurality
of spaced pivotal angular arms in the wall there
of, part of said arms projecting outwardly of the
container, a top closure member having an ex—
tending overlapping depending encircling closed
45
section surrounding the container and accommo
dating the projecting portions of the arms which
prevent separation of the top from the container,
and an annular member depending from the roof
of the closure member forming an intermediate 50
space with the wall of the container, having a
plurality of grooves corresponding with the arms
whereby upon swinging they ?t said grooves‘ and
permit separation or joining of the closure mem
55
her and the container.
15. A device according to claim 14 in which the
annular depending member is provided with a
plurality of restricted slots to permit only par
tial movement of the arms when drawing the top
closure member and the container apart,
EUGENE CARDONE.
60
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