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Патент USA US2128433

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Patented ‘Aug. 30, 1938
z'nzasss I
Erik Rotheim, Oslo, Norway
No Drawing. Application January 12, 1983. Se
_ rial No. 651,447. In Norway January-13, 1932
This invention relates to materials of
2 the type
which permit application in the form oi? a spray
(Cl. 187-18)
tity or gas so incorporated into the material is
su?lcient to ejectthe entire quantitypf the mate
rial from t e closed vessel under a'practicaily
constant pr ssure and to eil’ect e?lcient and uni
form atomization of the ejected material.
When other hydrocarbon gases or gas mixtures
with materials of the type indicated“ which con- ‘ are to beemployed as a pressure agent, the prep
tain considerable quantities of ‘liquid or solid arationoi’ the material may be effected in sub
hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon compounds as an _ stantially the same manner as in the above exam
10 active constituent or as a solvent or diluent for
When-_as in the described example-propane.
the active constituent. It is known to prepare
such materials for spraying by dissolving in same or other gaseous hydrocarbon dissolved 'in hydro
a lique?ed gas which expands in the course 01' carbon oils (petroleum) or similar liquid con'-_
taining several substances with di?’erent boiling
the spraying operation and converts the mate
points is used the evaporation of the propane la
V15 rial into a dispersion of liquid or solid material
in a ?ow ot'the expanded gas. I have previously in the moment of ejection and atomization will
consisting of particles of a greater or less size.
Materials of this type are ‘for example insecti
5 cidal compositions and the like.
More particularly the invention is concerned
suggested for this purpose dimethylether and
other hydrocarbon derivatives boiling between 0°
be accompanied by evaporation of small quan
C. and —20° C‘.
The present invention is based on the discovery
that a more e?icient ‘and uniform atomization oi.’
tities oi’ the more volatile components of the pe-'
troleum which will modify the vapour tension
and other properties of the propane and conse- 20
quently also the disintegrating effect of the gas
the material can be obtained with a compara
during the evaporation and expansion.
As already mentioned the gaseous pressure and
and atomizing agent when the said agent consists - atomizing agent introduced into the material to
be prepared for spraying may consist of a single 25 .
25 of or contains hydrocarbon gases with a consid
tively small proportion of the gaseous pressure
erably lower condensation temperature (and con
hydrocarbon compound such as for example pro
siderably higher condensation pressures) than
pane alone, or also of a mixture of gaseous hydro
those of the gases hitherto proposed for the same
carbon compounds. It has been found, however,
that in most instances the best results are ob
tained when the prepared material contains two 30
or more gaseous hydrocarbon compounds having
In accordance with this observation the pres
ent invention has for its object to incorporate
a proportion ‘of hydrocarbon gases with boiling
points below —20° 0. into the materials to be
prepared for spraying. According to the inven
35 tion the proportion of such low-boiling hydro
carbons introduced into the material is so ad
widely different boiling points. This is particu
larly the case when the materials in question con
tain substances in colloidal solution or highly
viscid constituents such as resins, caoutchouc, 35
linoxyn, coal-tar pitch and the‘like.
In connec- '
iusted as to produce a pressure which is much
tion with materials of this type the presence of
lower than the condensation pressure ‘of the in
troduced hydrocarbon gas or mixture of hydro
small quantities oi’ low-boiling hydrocarbons
carbon gases.
As examples of low-boiling hydrocarbons suit
able for the purpose may be mentioned propane,
propylene, ethylene, ethane, methane etc.
By the use of for example propane alone as a
45 pressure agent a material prepared for atomiza
tion—for instance an insecticide with petroleum
as a solvent or vehicle—m_ay be produced by pass
ing propane from a steel ?ask containing lique
?ed propane into a closed pressure-resistant bes
50 sel containing the said insecticide composition
until so much propane has been dissolved. therein
that the pressure in the last named container has
been raised to about 4 atmospheres (at 15° 0.).
The composition is then ready for election and
55 atomization.
together with hydrocarbons with substantially
higher boiling points promotes and accelerates 40
the disintegration of the material in the moment
of ejection.
Instead of mixtures of particularly low-boiling
hydrocarbons with higher-boiling hydrocarbons 45
it will sometimes be of advantage to employ mix
tures of. hydrocarbon. gases with gaseous hydro
carbon derivatives (such as ethers, esters or halo
genated hydrocarbons) with relatively high boil
ingv points, in that it is possible in this way to 50
modify the dissolving and disintegrating proper
ties of the gas mixture in accordance with the
character of the material to be sprayed.
As examples of suitable gas mixtures the follow
It has) been iound that the quan- ' ing may be mentioned:
X 3‘
Natural gas fractions boiling between +34%‘ 0.
and -1oo° c.
Crack-gas fractions boiling between‘ -2il° C.
and -—100° C.
Re?nery gases boiling between ~20“ C. and
-100° C.
“Blaugas" or fractions of same.
10 —100° C.
f‘Pintschgas" or fractions thereof.
Ethane + propylene + isobutane + methylchlo
Propane+normal butane.
Methane+normal butane.
to result in the formation of an inhomogeneous
spray in which the particles di?er greatly in size, '
and which is therefore not suitable for practical
When the material is prepared according to the
present invention the conversion oi’ the material 10
into a uniform dispersion of particles of non
geseous material in a flow of compressed gas
nozzle is ’ ensured.
I claim;
1; An insecticide adapted to be applied in the
form of a spray containing minute drops com
The use of a small percentage (for example
between 1 and 10 percent) of a very low-boiling
gas ‘(for example methane) together with a. rela-~
tively high-boiling gas (for example normal
butane) has‘ been found to present several ad“
25 vantages besides the above mentioned decrease
in the quantity of gas required to eiiect complete
election and disintegration of the material.
one important advantage of the addition of; a
low-boiling gas consists in counteracting the
bad e?’ect of supersaturation phenomena, in that
the presence‘of the low-boiling gas promotes and
accelerates the release of supersaturations of dis
solved gas‘ at the moment of expulsion. If ya
85 single hydrocarbon gas having a condensation
pressure in the neighborhood of the worhng pres
sure of the atomizing operation is used, it may
happen that the condition 01 supersaturation of
the gas in the material which occurs prior to the
w ‘formation of gas bubbles in the material will be
released too late for example only after the ma
Such delayed release of the supersaturation
and consequent expansion of gas has been found
beiore it reaches the exit opening of theispray
nozzle employed.
Coalgas fractions boiling between -2®° C. and
Propane+methyl chloride.
terial has left the exit opening or the spray
prising a volatile material capable of dissolving
fats, waxes and the like and liquid at ordinary
temperature and pressure together with a nor
vmaily gaseous material compris-LI; essentially a
hydrocarbon having a. boiling point below minus
20° C. under ordinary conditions, the said gaseous
material being dissolved in the liquid in a quan
tity suiiicient to saturate the liquid with gas
under a pressure of several atmospheres at nor
mal temperature and an additional small per
centage of a gaseous hydrocarbon having a con
siderably lower boiling point than said ?rst men
tioned hydrocarbon.
2; An insecticide adapted to be applied in the
form of a spray containing minute drops com
prising a normally liquid vehicle capable of dis
solving fats, waxes and the like and a dissolving
gaseous materiai'comprising essentially propane 35
dissolved in the vehicle in a quantity su?icient
to saturate the said ‘vehicle with gas under a
pressure of several atmospheres at normal tem
perature and in addition a small percentage of
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