Патент USA US2128528код для вставки
Aug. 30, 1938._ w. J. GOURLEY El‘ AL. 1 2,128,528 WELL PUMPING EQUIPMENT Original Filed Dec. 15, 1935 2 She_ets-Sheet 1 I l I % l | | | , | | l l 1 | /9 | 3 l l l 1 z 1 l 1 ”% Z775 I I J ‘ v , 3mm Mum/v J 001mm’ few /! Emu/iv Emma) L‘. Go's/121M Aug. 30, 1938. I w. J. GOURL'EY ET AL' ’ 2,128,523 WELL PUMPING EQUIPMENT‘ Original Filed Dec. 15, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 WILL/6W J 60021.54/ ?ew HEW/m1 LCM/6B9 A? dame/M 2,128,528 Patented Aug. 30, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE _ 2,128,528 WELL PUMPING EQUIPMENTI William J. Gourley and Fred H. Barney, Fort Worth, and Edward E. Goehring, Henderson, Tex. Original application December 15, 1933, Serial No. 702,548. Divided and this application February 17, 1936, Serial No. 64,358 5 Claims. (Cl. 74—522.5) This invention relates to new and useful im provements in well pumping equipment. This application is ?led as a divisional applica 5 tion of my original co-pen-ding application ?led December 15, 1933, Serial No. 702,548. One object of the invention is to provide pump ing equipment wherein an improved swing is em ployed for transmitting motion from a pumping power to a rod line. , 1O An important object of the invention is to pro vide an improved swing beam for transmitting motion from a pumping power to a rod line which is arranged so as to reduce rod line vibration to a minimum, and which is so constructed that trans mission ratios may be set up for controlling the Figure 6 is a plan view (details omitted) show ing the swing connected with a pumping power and rod line, Figure 7 is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation of a modi?ed form of the swing, and Figure 8 is a transverse, vertical sectional View, taken on the line 8—8 of Figure 7. _ In the drawings, the numeral ll] designates a pumping power (Figure 6) which may be of any suitable type. The usual‘pitman II has one end pivoted to the eccentric ring [2 of said power. It is customary to provide a shelf or rail l3 on which the pitman may rest when it is disconnected from the swing. The loop M at the other end of the pitman is connected to a hook 15 carried by a swing beam l6 which is mounted to swing on a length of the stroke or travel of the rod line. Another object of the invention is to provide an post ll. improved swing beam wherein the supporting The hook I5 is attached to a bearing collar l8 bearing, as well as the bearings to which the pit mounted in the beam (Figures 1, 4 and 5’) . A sec ond bearing collar l9 also mounted in the beam is H connected through a suitable “knock-oil” or dis 20 man and rod line are connected are constructed so as to insure constant lubrication and to withstand heavy loads, as well as being substantially dust and water proof. . A further object of the invention is to provide 25 an improved swing which is capable of pumping two wells at the same time and which is so de signed that the well to be pumped or operated can be located at most any angle with relation to the connecting device 20 with a rod line 2|. The rod line has connection with the usual pump jack (not shown). The pump rods in the well exert a pull on the rod line H which pull is applied to the parts attached thereto and transmitted back to the power [0. With the hook-off 2!] connecting the rod line with the swing, the pull exerted by pumping power, thereby making it unnecessary , the power l0 through the pitman is transmitted to the rod line. With the hook-01f device disen- U O for said well to be in direct line with said power. 3 3O Still another object of the invention is to pro vide an improved swing which is adapted to be connected with the usual pitman of a pumping power and operated by a push and pull motion, the swing having means whereby a suitable 35 “knock-off” or disconnecting device may be con nected therewith. , _ A construction designed to carry out the in vention will be hereinafter described, together 40 with other features of the invention. The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following speci?cation and by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which an example of the invention is shown, and 45 wherein: ' Figure l is a plan view of a swing beam con structed in accordance with the invention, Figure 2 is a side elevation of the same, Figure 3 is a vertical, sectional view of the swing bearing and support, and taken on the line 3—3 of Figure 1, ' Figure 4 is a transverse, vertical, sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1, . Figure 5 is a vertical, sectional view, taken on 55 the line 5—-5 of Figure 4, gaged, themotion from the pumping power will not be transmitted to the rod line 2!. It is noted that the pumping power and hook-off device 20 form no part of the present invention, the latter being fully described in our co-pending applica a: bi tion ?led December 15, 1933, Serial No. 702,548. In fact it would be possible to eliminate the hook off entirely and connect the rod line 2| directly to the bearing IS. The swing beam i6 is formed of top and bottom 40 channels 22 and 23, the upper one being inverted so that their ?anges are inwardly opposed and spaced apart. . These channels are provided with bolt holes 24 and 25. The bearing I8 is secured by bolts through the bolt holes 24 and this bearing as 5 includes a bearing cap 26 which is fastened to the top channel 22 of the beam by bolts 26' which pass through the openings 26 in said channel. A bear ing step TI is secured to the lower channel in a similar way by bolts 21’ which pass through the bolt holes 24 in said lower channel. The bearing 18 is completed by a central collar [8’ located and con?ned between the cap 26 and step 21. This collar has a central well 28 which receives a pivot stud 29 depending from the. cap. A stud 30 2 2,128,528 depends from the collar into a well 3| in the step. The studs are hollow and the wells co-acting therewith will hold ample quantities of lubricant. Any suitable means for supplying lubricant to the wells may be employed. As is clearly shown in Figure 1, the bolt holes 24 are spaced substantially throughout the length of the channel bars 22 and 23. Thus, by remov and the rod line which is coupled thereto, a num ber of operations may be carried out. When the 5 standing valves become clogged with sand, the stroke can be lengthened to. strike the‘ valves to gether and jar loose the sand, or the top of a cor ing the bolts 26’ and 21’, the bearing [8 may .be roded working barrel may be cleaned by changing moved longitudinally of the channel bars. Thus, its position with relation to the pivot point of the stroke. The swing may be worked at an angle 10 the beam which is the post I‘! may be varied. The additional spaced bolt holes 24 permit the bearing to be fastened in the beam in any‘posi 15 tion therealong. When the position of the bear ing l8 which is connected with the pumpingv pow-' er I0 is varied along the length of said beam, it will be obvious that the swing of the beam will be varied, whereby the movement or stroke of the rod line 2! will be varied. Therefore, by properly adjusting the bearing l8 within the beam, the desired‘r'lengthv of stroke of the rod'line may be had. ‘ The bearing [9 to which the rod line 2'! is at tached includes a cap 82 which is secured totthe upper channel 22 by bolts 33 which extend through the bolt holes 25'. A step 34Iis fastened to the lower channel 23 by bolts 35 which pass through the bolt holes 25 in this lower channel. A bearing collar i9’ is located-between the cap and step and is con?ned therein by a hollow stud 31 which depends from they cap132 into the cen tral Well 38 of the collar. 4 l) ment on the beam l6, whereby the bearing I 8 may be shifted to amplify or reduce the swing of said beam and the travel of the connecting rod The collar has a de and/more than one well can be operated thereby. Because of the easy swing a smaller rod line may be employed. Two wells may be pumped by the same swing, one with a long stroke and the other with a short stroke. The beam l6 may be mount ed high. above the ground or close to it, as the case may be. When the pumping is to be stopped, the opera tor merely has to wait until the beam swings to the right (Figure 1) to complete its pull stroke, and then uncoupletherod line 27!, by disengaging the hook-oif. device 201 The beam‘v I6; may con tinue to swing‘; however, where the hook I5 is used, the pitmanrwillpushits loop 14 out of said hook, thus ridingv on-the shelf l3' and. save the swingfrom unnecessary‘ wear. While the connection to the pitman l l is shown by meansof the hook I5 and loop' Ill, whereby the parts are automatically disconnected it is to be understood that any desirable connection be- . tween the pitman and bearing I8 may be made, and the automatic disconnecting. feature may be eliminated; ‘ pending hollow stud 39 depending into the well 40 of the step 34; A rod Mbywhich connection may be made withthe bearing: l9 extends trans versely through the collar 19’. Thus, it is seen It is pointed out that‘ because of the. proximity of ‘the-swing beam iii to the pumping power ID, the amplitude'of swing‘ of- said. beam is not as great,.for a given rod line stroke, as Where the that the bearings l8 and I9 are similar in‘con struction. siderable' distance from the pumping power, swing‘beam (usually vertical) is located at a con The'bearing collars l8’ and. i9’ have ?anged bearing contacts with their caps.andfsteps,-which contacts may be suitably packed whereby escape which is thepresent oil' ?eldpractice. By short of the lubricant from the wells of the bearings is duced. This not only cuts down vibration and side whip, butreduces wear of the parts and reduced to a minimum. The bearing contacts are large and the oil baths make for adequate lubri cation and cool journals. Further, it is noted that the packing at the contacts not. only prevents es cape of lubricant but also makes the bearings substantially dust and water proof. sup'portingthe inner end'of the beam l6‘ on 50'theForpost I‘! so that said‘ beam may undergo a swinging movement, a bearing member is- pro vided. This member includes abearing step 43 fastened‘to the post by U-bolts144 (Figure 3). A hub 45~is journaled betweenthe step 43 and a v! in cap 46 whichis held on the post by U-bolts-ill. The hub is formed with brackets 48iwhich extend contiguous toithe channels 22 and‘ 23 of‘ithe beam, being secured to said channels by bolts 49. This 60 bearing member is of the oil bath type and is similar to the bearings “land IS. The ‘step has a well d3’ which receives a hollow stud M’ de pending from the hub‘. The upper‘ end of. the ‘step ?ts in the bottom of the hub around the stud. The upper end of thehub engageszin the bottom of'the cap 46 around a stud 46' which de pends into a well 45' in the hub. The joints’may be suitably packed and lubricating oil maybe constantly fed to the wells 45’ and d3’. 'I‘hebear~ ing members are large and adequate to. support the beam. From the above, it will be. seen that a most rigid swing beam is had. All bearings. are pro vided with‘ an oil bath and are substantiallywater and dust proof.- Becauseeofvthe- bearing adjust ening the arc of the beam travel, lateral move~ ment or side play in the post. H. is. greatly re 40 makes" for an 1 easy operation. In Figures '7 and 8, another means for adjust ing the'collar bearing 18 is shown. The cap 26' is arranged to slide longitudinally of the beam IE on one side of a-track 50; while the step 21 is mounted to slide on one side of a track 5|. A 50 bottom worm screw 52 is journaled in hangers 53 and threaded through an ear 54> onthe adjacent side of the step 21. This screw has its head pro jecting from the outer; end of the'beam'. By turn ing the screw 52 the co1lar'l8-is adjusted longi- 1 tudinally of the beam. Any other form of ad justment may be used. What we claim and desire'to secure by Letters Patent, is: 1. A swing for well pumping equipment‘ includ ing, a post, upper. cap and lower step supporting (20 bracketson the post, .a beam. comprising spaced top and. bottom members, a hub member to which said beam members are respectively con nected. at one end, said hub member having a " depending open-ended hollow, studat its lower end received and working rotatably in a well provided therefor in the lower bracket step mem ber on said post and its upper portion provided with awell,‘ the upper‘bracket cap member on the post having a depending open-ended ‘hollow stud received and working rotatably'in said well of the hub member, and power'transmissi'on con necting bearings‘ between said’ beam members each comprising a cap member» locatedaon the 3 2,128,528 under side of the top beam member and having a depending open-ended hollow stud, an opposed step member located on the upper side of the bottom beam member and having a well there in, and a collar member for the attachment of a power transmission element interposed rotat ably between said cap and step members, said collar having an open-ended hollow stud at its lower end ?tted rotatably in the well of said 10 step member and a well in its upper portion in which the stud of said cap member is rotatably ?tted, said beam-supporting hub member and said bearing collars each having ‘a peripheral ?anged annular inter?tting bearing contact at 16 their ends with the respective upper cap and lower step members. 2. A swing for well pumping equipment includ ing, a post, a beam hingedly supported at one end on said post, and a bearing member on said beam intermediate the‘ ends thereof for the at tachment' of a power transmission element, said bearing member and the hinge element of the beam each comprising an upper cap member, a correlated lower step member and a collar mem ber interposed between each of said cap members and the correlated step member, the respective step members each having a well in its upper portion, the associated collar member having a well in its upper portion and provided with a depending axially alined open-ended hollow stud received and working rotatably in the well of the step member, and the correlated cap member having a depending axially alined open-ended hollow stud received and working rotatably in ‘ the well of said collar member, the ends of said collar members having peripheral inter?tting ?anged annular bearing contact with the respec~ tive cap and step members. 3. A bearing for the purpose described, com 40 prising, an intermedite substantial-bodied collar member having an axial circular well in its up per portion and a depending axial open-ended hollow stud at its lower end, a step member hav ing an axial well in its upper portion receiving the stud of said collar member rotatably there in, and a cap member having a depending axial open-ended hollow stud received rotatably in the well of said collar member, the ends of said collar member having peripheral inter?tting ?anged annular bearing contact with said step member and said cap member, but otherwise free from contact with said members. 4. A swing beam for well pumping equipment comprising, a spaced pair of elongate channel members pivotally supported in ?xed parallel relation to each other at one end, longitudinal 10 trackways on the opposed inner sides of said channel members at one side of the longitudinal axis of the beam, a power connection journal element including end members mounted mov ably in said trackways and an intermediate con 15 nector member having annular rotatable en— gagement at its opposite ends with said end members, means for adjusting and holding said power connection journal element in said track ways longitudinally of the beam, and a pump 20 jack rod line connection element of construction similar to said power connection journal ele ment secured between said channel members at the side of the longitudinal axis of the beam opposite to said trackways. 5. Well pumping equipment including, an up right rigid post, upper and lower bearing mem bers rigidly attached to one side of the upright post, a horizontal swing beam having upper and lower bearing elements at its inner end rota 30 tively engaging the bearing members, whereby said beam is free to swing in a horizontal arc, a journal bearing for a pump rod connection mounted on the beam at one side of the median longitudinal line thereof, and a power connection journal bearing mounted on the beam on the opposite side of said median longitudinal line thereof, said power connection journal bearing being adjustable longitudinally of the beam to vary the swing amplitude of the beam and being 40 free from connection with the bearing members and elements on which the beam is mounted. WILLIAM J. GOURLEY. FRED H. BARNEY. EDWARD E. GOEHRING.