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Патент USA US2128678

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Patented Aug. 30, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT oFFicE
.
2,128,878
WATER _ELIMINATOR FOR CO0LING
Waldo ltr-Kell, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to The
Marley Company, Kansas City, Mo., a corpo
ration of Missouri .
Application september 15, 1937, serial No. 164,003
s emma.' (ci. lss-_15)
This invention relates to water eliminators'for
use at the top of cooling towers and has for its
general object to produce an eliminator assembled
lin sections or units‘of a plurality of'serpentine
5 or zigzag passageways, so- that the eliminators
may be placed in or removed from operative po
sition for repair or other purposes, without neces
sitating the services of a carpenter or other ex
terial.
Each pair of spaced bars I-2 is, by
preference, provided with stop or connecting por
tions 3 at their angles, for a purpose which will
hereinafter appear.
'
In the drawing, the plate-like members, which
pert workman.
10
more or less loosely receive in threaded relation
louver boards or slats, as by 'providing pairs of
spaced bars I and 2, or, of course, the passage-ways might be cut or punched out of sheet ma
Another object of the invention is to produce a
construction in which the louver slats or boards
are in threaded relation to spacers and supports.
,and are more or less loosely held in position,
since it has been found that this permits the
boards to accommodate themselves to warping
with the result that there is less breaking, split
ting or crackingof the boards and their lives are
materially prolonged.
A further object of the invention- is to produce
20 an eliminator which does not depend on the
for convenience may be referred to as grills, are 10
so formed that each pair of bars I-2 are con
nected to adjacent pairs of bars by end pieces 4.
In the construction shown the grills are of such
length and width respectively, as to provide
eliminator units capable of receiving in threaded 15
relation seven rows of slats or louver boards i
arranged three deep or on three diiîerent levels,
thus providing two breaks or changes in the di
rection of air currents passing up through the
eliminator. The proportions of parts` is such that
strength of driven or threaded metal parts for its each slat is more or less loosely held to permit
it to warp or move slightly along its entire length,
life, since it has been found that wooden elimi
nators as at present constructed, have a life _since it has been found that if such a slat is
rigidly held at a plurality of points, it quickly
limited by the fastening means employed.
A still further object of the invention -is to splits and cracks in the endeavor to accommodate
provide an eliminator of such nature that the ~ itself to the unequal strains set up by the warping
turbulence of the air passing out through the of the boards in service. Of course, the grill units
may be made to provide a larger number of rows
eliminator is increased, thus inducing more com
f plete deposition of moisture before the air exits in either depth or in numbers countedv horizontal
30 through the top of the labyrinth, this object being ly, if desired. Each grill, if made as here shown.
accomplished by a spacing of the boards or slats is formed with male and female ends for inter
locking engagement with adjacent grills.
as will hereinafter appear.
With the general objects named in view, and
The pairs of bars |--2 are spaced apart such
others as will hereinafter appear, the invention
distances that air passing up _between the slats 5
35 consists in certain novel and useful features of . must change its direction of travel as previously
construction and combinations of parts as herein
mentioned. thus causing the air to deposit its
' after described and claimed; and in order that it
moisture on the inclined faces of the louver slats.
may be fully understood, reference is to be had
to the accompanying drawing, in which:
In the preferred construction, the edges of ad
jacent louver boards or slats I are spaced apart
by the stops I. and although this construction has
40
Figure 1 is a top plan view of an eliminator
embodying the invention.
'
Figure 2 'is an enlarged cross-section through
a portion of the eliminator as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged perspective view of one
45 end of an eliminator slat-supporting grill member.
Figure 4 is a section through the upper end of a
cooling tower taken longitudinally of the water
eliminator bridging the tower.
In the drawing, where like reference characters
50 identify corresponding parts in all of the figures, a
plate-like member, which may be of anydesired
material, guage orv thickness, length and width, as
will hereinafter more particularly appear, is
formed to provide a plurality of serpentine or
zig-zag cross passageways of lsuch width as to
- been found non-essential, it is desirable as it in
creases the turbulence of air passing through the
eliminator and thereby increases the deposition
of moisture.y
With a construction embodying the invention
the louver slats 5 may be assembled in threaded
loose relation with 'the desired number of grills,
depending on the lengths of the slats which is de
termined by the span to be bridged or the width
of the cooling tower. In the construction shown
in Figure l, four grills are illustrated in support
ing and spacing relation with each span or section
of the eliminator. In practice, it has been found
that by providing shelves or supporting surfaces
6 at the top of a cooling tower 1 and placing the 55
_
y
a,1as,eve
- endmm mus adjacente ma shelves to atmen
' the ends o! the louverslats. each unit of the
slats and out of direct contact
tower structure.
l
_
A
eliminator may be placed in-position on the
2.Acoollngtowerhavin_gsnopenupperend
' shelves without necessitating of employing secur
y ing or hold-down means of any kind as the weight
and provided along two of its opposite sides with
_supporting shoulders, said open end of the tower
being closed by a water eliminator »comprising s
` o! each section is distributed over the ends of all
v
l
- o! the slats
of the
lowermost row.
By making the
grills of metal such as-cast iron, it is found that
the lite oi the eliminator vis limited only by the lite
l0 of the slatsor boards, which outlive other con
structions where an eilort is made to tasten the
plurality o! -vertically spaced horizontalrows ot _
slats spanning the tower from shoulder to shoul
der with the'lowermost row ot slats resting on the
tower shoulders, and a series oi plates having -sig
zag arranged openings through which the slats
' are loosely threaded to provide tortuous passage
louver members rigidly in position.
From the above description, it will be apparent ways, the plates holding the slats against contact
with adjacent slats and being spaced longitudi
that I have produced a construction which em
nally along the slats and out oi' direct contact
15 bodies all oi' the features of advantage set forth
with the cooling tower structure.
as desirable; and while I have described vand illus
3. A cooling tower having an open upper end
trated the preferred embodiment, it is to be under
and provided along two of its sides with support
stood that I reserve the right to all changes with
ing. shoulders, said open end oi' the tower being
20 in the spirit ofthe invention and without the- closed by a water eliminator comprising series of
ambit of the prior art.
vertically spaced horizontal rows of slats, span
I claimz-
v
_
1.`A cooling tower havingv an open upper end
and provided along two of its opposite sides with
25 supporting shoulders; said open end of the tower
being closed by a water eliminator comprising a
plurality of vertically spaced horizontal rows of
slats spanning the tower from shoulder to shoul->
der with the lowermost row of slats resting on the
30 tower shoulders, and a series of plates having zig
zag arranged openings through which the slats are
loosely threaded to provide tortuous passageways,
the plates being spaced longitudinally along the
20
ning the tower from shoulder to shoulder with
the lowermost row of slats resting' on the tower
shoulders, and a series of plates having zig-zag
arranged openings through which said slats are
loosely threaded, the plates being spaced longi
tudinally along the slats and out of direct con
tact with the walls of the cooling tower to hold
a predetermined number of slats as a unit assem-l
bly, said plates being arranged in endwise abut 30
ting series, parallel to the supporting shoulders
of the cooling tower.
WALDO R.. KELL.
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