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Патент USA US2129099

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Sept. 6, 1938.
Filed Aug. 17, 1935
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Patented Sept. 6, 1938
UNITED s'rarss rArsar orgies
Henry N. Pearson, St. Louis, Mo. .
Application August 17, 1935, Serial No. 36,664
2 Claims. (Cl. 36-36)
This invention relates to an easily applicable
heel for shoes, and likewise one which may readily in the insert and forced to its maximum outward
be removed for replacement purposes and the position by a coil spring I9, it being prevented,
from ejectment by an edge of suitable kind on
insert l5. In the sole of the shoe is formed a
It is an object of this invention to provide a
depression 20 that is adapted to receive the pro 5
heel of this kind having, means engageable with jecting
portion, of the ball I'l.'
‘ ,
the shoe for rigid attachment of the heel to the
Surrounding all of the surfaces of the heel II
shoe, but which is readily disengageable.
More speci?cally, it is an object to provide an that may be in contact with the shoe I0 may be
10. insert on the heel that engages with a cut-out located an anti-squeak binder 2|. This may con
sist of a thin sheet of rubber or cloth, or it may
in the shoe insole in suchwise as to resist prac
be a thin coating of graphite applied to the sur
tically all of the forces tending to remove the
faces. It has two functions: the ?rst being to
heel, so that a simple additional attachment may prevent squeaking by rubbing of the surfaces of
be used in combination therewith to ?rmly secure the heel against the surfaces of the shoe; and the
15 the heel to the shoe. _
second being to provide by its'elasticity a tight 15
It is a further object to provide means for pre
joint between the heel and the shoe.
venting relative movement between the attached
device operates as follows: The insert I5
heel and the shoe, thereby eliminating squeaking. of This
the heel is slipped into the opening [3 in the
With these other objects in view, the invention shoe, obviously with the undercut portion I6 of
39 is as set forth hereunder.
the insert engaging around the bevel I 4 of the
Referring to the drawing—
shoe. Then the back a portion of the heel is
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a heel suitable for pressed into position, the ball I‘! snapping into
attachment in the manner described.
the depression 20 provided in the shoe sole to re
Fig. 2 is an elevation of the heel shown in
ceive it. By this means, the heel is held ?rmly
Fig. 1.
onto the shoe.
Fig. 3 is a cross section of a shoe with the heel
Where the liner 2| is used, a very tight engage
of Fig. 1 in place.
ment between these parts is formed. This liner,
Fig. 4 is a bottom view of the shoe with the heel
being ?exible, may be of such thickness to do
away with the necessity of beveling off the upper
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a shoe with the upper
edge of the insert along that portion remote from
cut away showing a modi?cation of the heel the hinge-axis substantially established by the
attaching structure.
cooperating bevelled surfaces or edges l4 and I6
Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of. Fig. 5.
which the heel pivots in having the insert
Fig. 7 is a section on the line ‘I—1 of Fig. 5.
pushed into the cut-out. It is obvious that some
Fig. 8 is a view of the securing clip of the shoe such provision must be made in order for the wall
shown in Fig. 5.
of the insert to pass the corresponding wall of
Fig. 9 is a cross section of a shoe with the heel
in place with further modi?ed attaching means. the cut-out when the heel is thus swung into place.
will be understood that, when the heel is to
In Figs. 1 to 4, the shoe is designated at I0 be Itremoved
for replacement or the like, the proc
to which is attached the heel I I. The sole of the
simple. All that is necessary is to
shoe shown at I2 is provided with a cut-out por
give a strong pull at the back part of the heel so
tion I3, the front face or wall of which is beveled, as to disengage the ball I1 from the depression 20,
as shown at I4.
after which the heel may be removed.
The heel I I, which may be rubber or leather, or
In the modi?cation shown in Figs. 5 to 8, the
5 of any other suitable material, is provided with
shoe again is indicated at I El. In this modi?ca
an upstanding insert or projection I5 on the top
surface thereof. This insert I5 is undercut as
at It‘ on its forward edge or wall, the other edges
being vertical or substantially so. The undercut
I5 corresponds in angle to the bevel I4 on the
shoe insole.
The insert I5 is spaced inwardly
from the outer edges of the heel. At the end of
the insert 55 opposite the undercut portion I6 is
provided an attachment mechanism. This com
prises a ball I1 movably retained within a bore I8
tion, the cut-out, as at 25, extends all the way
through the sole and the insole of the shoe. The
insert portion 26 on the heel 21 is correspondingly
proportioned. This insert 26 is of the same gen
eral shape as the insert I 5 shown in Fig. 1. How 50
ever, a different securing means is provided. As
here shown, a clip 28 having wings 29 extending
across over the margins 30 of the sole and insole
is used. This clip has an angularly depending
prong 3| extending from the back portion there 55
of. This prong is adapted to be projected down
into the insert 26 and its angular direction op
poses that of the bevel 32 at the forward end of
the insert. Over the upper portion of this clip
the shoe lining 33 is ?tted.
It will be seen that, in this type of design, the
clip 28, by means of the wings 29 engaging onto
the margins 30 of the insole and by means of the
prong 3|,‘will maintain the heel in place. The
prong 3| may be made fairly freely removable
from the insert and, if desired, the wings 29 may
be cemented down in order to prevent slippage.
It will be understood that this clip is readily
removable by any convenient tools, such as a
screw driver or knife or such similar instruments.
It likewise may be reinserted with little difficulty.
The modi?cation shown in Fig. 9 is similar to
that shown in Fig. 1 save that, in place of the
ball and depression detent means, a drive screw
20 40 is employed. This drive screw engages down
through the insole of the shoe into the insert of
the heel. It may be readily applied with a
hammer or the like and removed by means of a
screw driver. It is believed that its operation is
device even with an in?exible insert.
or slipping of the heel.
applied by the easy mechanism disclosed.
Having described the invention, what is claimed
1. A shoe having a detachable heel receiving
cut-out therein, the part of the shoe bordering
a portion of the cut-out being beveled down
wardly toward the inside of the cut-out and the 15
remaining portion being substantially unbeveled,
a heel having an insert the shape of which is
complementary to said cut-out, ?exible means be
tween the insert and the heel receiving part of
the shoe at the cut-out to produce a binding ?t 20
between the same, and means for retaining the
insert in the cut-out, said means including a
ball. in the heel spring-urged to protrude there
from, and a depression in a wall of the cut-out
to receive the said ball in its protruding position. 25
2. A shoe and a detachable heel therefor, said
shoe having a cut-out therein, one wall portion
In each of the described types of heels, it will
be understood that the insert with its ‘beveled
front edge and its vertical side walls provides the
de?ning said cut-out being bevelled, said heel
having a projection, the shape of which is comple
mentary to the shape of the cut-out and engage 30
able therein, said bevelled surfaces providing a
principal means for holding the heel in place.
30 When the wearer of a shoe steps down on a heel,
the direction of force applied will tend to set the
heel more ?rmly at this beveled portion. It has
been determined that the detent means is little
more than merely a sustaining device to hold the
partial retaining means for the heel, a recess in
the projection opening in a wall remote from the
bevelled portion, a ball in said recess, a spring
urging said ball into protruding position relative 35
heel in place against dropping out, and is not
to the said recessed wall, and a depression in the
sole adapted to lie opposite the recess opening
when the projection is ?tted into the cut-out,
whereby the heel can be instantaneously opera
tively positioned in the cut-out or removed there
subjected to much force in ordinary use.
With a heel of this type, the insert may be
made of rubber or it may be made of an in?exible
material. In case it is made of rubber, it will
be understood that the binder, such as at 2! in
Fig. 3, may be eliminated. Indeed, this binder is
not essential to the successful operation of the
It will be understood further that, in addition
to its function of providing a removable and Ll
readily replaceable heel for shoes, this invention
provides a simpli?cation in the manufacture of
shoes, since the heel may be made separately and
25 obvious.
it is desirable as it de?nitely precludes squeaking
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