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Sept. 6, 1938. _ D.' FRIES. SR..' ET AL 2,129,171 _ ‘CELL noon LOCKING AND OPERATING DEVICE Filed 001:. ‘23, 1936 '7 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTORS. ‘Q .aWVIEL R155, 642. 4"”.Qm0a fkxzs, QWQLMQW ATTORNEYS. Sept. 6, 1938. b. FRIES. sR.. ET AL 2,129,171 I CELL DOOR LOCKING ‘AND QPERATING DEVICE Filed Oct. 23, 1936 7 sheets-sheet 2 30 33 IN VEN TORS. 4 DAN/£4 Jae/5s, ~52. BY “(Zn/v15; Gik/A-s, die. A TTORNEYS. Sept. 6, 1938. D. FRIES. am ET AL 2,129,171 CELL DOOR LOCKING AND OPERATING DEVICE ‘ Fil'ed Oct. 23, 1936 7 Sheets-Sheet 3 wnwI»mwvm‘ QmvA on» N ..., ". 4N BY Z2n6PM].W?“ w .ER & . 6136M =I- £212,‘ ATTORNEYS. Sept. 6,1938. D. FRIES. SRQ'ET m. 2,129,171 CELL DOOR LOCKING AND OPERATING DE‘LICE Filed ‘Oct. 23, 1936 7 Sheets-Sheet 4 o v_ O S QZQQQPM A TTORNEYSQ Sept. 6, 1938. D. FRIES. sR.. ET AL 2,129,171 CELL DOOR LOCKING AND OPERATING DEVICE Filed Oct. 25, 1936 V I V ‘ 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 124-1; l 264C ,7: /7)"/7\":I 26c c ‘ = \ 6 0 L O o i i 5I il I : l w $ I 1/ '6 //1_ \ ' ‘x22 - 1 x H /' 26.‘ #5 26m L é ' I,“ 25b - ‘ o o‘ O ff‘ Wl ' o a 26L 12-44 IN VEN TOR-S. DAN/£1. Fem-‘s, '52. 4””?A/WEL GFe/es. Je. BY magma“ A TTORNEYS. ‘ Sept- 5, 1938- , ~ D. FRIES. sR.. ET AL“ 2,129,171 CELL DOOR LOCKING AND ‘OPERATING DEVICE Filed Oct. 2a, 1956 , 7 Sheets-Sheet s 2| 241, INVENTORS. JAN/£1. FIE/£6, 5/2. '4'” ?aw/£4 Fem-s, J42.’ _By ' M +61% A TTORNEYS. Sept. 6, 1938. ‘ 2,129,171 D. FRIES. SR, ET AL ~CELL DOOR LOCKING AND OPERATING DEVICE Filed Oct. 23, 1936 7 Sheets-Sheet 7 m ‘5 INVENTOR-S. m ‘ DAN/EL IVE/£6,619. AMDJ?/V/EL GJ‘k/Es, Je. ATTORNEYS. Patented Sept. 6, 1938’ 2.12am UNITED STATES ATE i‘ @FFiQE 2,129,171 CELL DOOR LOCKING AND OPERATING DEVICE Daniel Fries, Sr., and Daniel G. Fries, Jr., Cov ington, Ky., assignors to The Fries & Son Steel Construction and Engineering Company, Covington, Ky, a corporation of Kentucky Application October 23, 1936, Serial No. 107,266 4 Claims. (Cl. 189-7 ) This invention relates to devices for locking and operating doors of prison cell blocks. In prison cell blocks it is usual to have a number of cells placed in a row with individual doors for said '5 cells giving access to a corridor, and there is usually provided a waiting room or the like which is separated from the corridor by an escapeprooi door. In the past it has generally been the prac tice to provide these doors with individual locks, 0 the keys to which were carried by a ward-en‘ or other person in authority. To unlock any of the doors the individual in whose charge the keys were placed, had to enter the cell block, and was subjected to the danger of attack by one . 15 or more of the prisoners. It is an object of our invention to provide a mechanism whereby all the doors in the cell block may be controlled and operated from a station removed from the cell block. It is an 20 other object of our invention to provide means whereby any of the doors in the cell block may be opened or closed individually or any number of the doors may be opened or closed simultane ously. 25 30 It is also an object of our invention to provide a mechanism as above outlined whereby not only doors which are aligned in one plane, but also doors which are disposed transversely to said plane may be actuated. Another object of our invention is to provide means whereby when the cell doors are opened they are locked in open position, so that one of the prisoners could not push the door to a locked position, and thus possibly con?ne one of the 35 prison officials. Other objects of our invention include the pro vision of means whereby'the operating mech anisms are tamper-proof and cannot be injured or destroyed by the prisoner. These and other objects of our invention which will be pointed out hereinafter or which will be apparent to one skilled in the art upon reading these speci?cations, we accomplish by that cer 45 tain construction and arrangement of parts of which we shall now describe an exemplary em bodiment. It is to be understood that we do not intend to be limited otherwise than as pointed out in the claims to follow, and that modi?ca 50 tions may be made within the scope of our inven tion. - Reference is now made to the drawings which form a part hereof, and in which Fig. 1 is a sectional plan view of an exemplary 55 jail block taken along the line l-i of Fig. 2. Fig. 2 'is a vertical section of the same along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary front elevation of a cell gate‘ in closed position as taken at line 3—3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view of mech anism seen in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the gate shown in Fig. 3 but in open position. Figs. 6 and 7 are enlarged fragmentary per~ 10 spectives of mechanism shown in Fig. 5. Fig. 8 is a fragmentary front elevation of a gate which has been arranged to operate in transverse relation to the other gates. Fig. 9 shows the door of Fig. 8 after moving to 15 open position. Fig. 10 is a fragmentary detail of controlling mechanism of the door shown in Figs. 8 and 9. Fig. 11 is alfront elevation of the control box 20 with the cover in open position. Fig. 12 is a section along line l2-—i2 of Fig. 11. Fig. 13 is a detail of the operating lever. Fig. 14 is a detail of a device for locking the selective levers. Fig. 15 is a front elevation with parts broken 25 away to show the construction of an auxiliary locking means with the gate partly open. Fig. 16 is a fragmentary elevation similar to that of Fig. 15, but with the gate in closed posi tion, and ' Fig. 17' is a fragmentary perspective of parts shown in Figs. 15 and 16. Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, the cell block may consist of a front partition or wall A, side walls B and C and a rear wall (not shown) which, ex 35 tending across the rear of the unit completes a rectangular enclosure. _In side wall B we have provided an entrance gate or door ii, hinged as at 8a to permit passage to or from the cell block. The interior of the 40 cell block has other partitions or walls ‘i, 8, 9 and ill, which with the sliding gates la, 2a, 3a, and 4a divide the unit into a plurality of en closures which we have indicated at l, 2, 3, 1! 45 and 5. For the purpose of this speci?cation we shall term the enclosures i , 2 and 3 as cells. The enclosure 4 may be termed a corridor, and that of 5 a vestibule. The partitions and gates above mentioned may be of the usual type steel. grating such as is common to prison construction, or they may con sist of armor plate or other material if desired. A ceiling E5 of grating or plate material is provided to cover the entire cell block. The floor 55 2 2,129,171 may be of reinforced concrete or other suitable material to form an escapeproof structure. For operating the various gates we have pro vided a central control box F which is mounted outside the cell block on wall B. This control box contains apparatus by which the, gates may be opened or closed without the attendant enter ing the cell block where he may be subjected to physical violence. a short rack 29a, which rack is ?xed to the struc tural wall portion 30 extending from the gates and grill work to the ceiling. Also meshing with the pinion 25 is a longer rack 3| which as better seen in Fig. 3 is secured to a long channel mem ber 32. The rack 31 may have a second toothed portion am. from which motive power for operat— ing the corridor gate 4a may be derived. The member 32 is mounted for reciprocal movement It will be understood that we are not to be on a series of ?anged rollers 33 and serves as a 10 limited to the precise lay-out or arrangement of the cells and corridors as shown in the drawings for it will be apparent after reading the accom draw-bar which is common to the gates of cells I, 2 and 3. Thus it is apparent that movement of the hand lever 25 is transmitted to the draw-bar 32 and if any of the cell gates were coupled there with they would be carried to open or closed posi 15 tion as desired. As will be presently described we have provided means by which the gates may be selectively coupled with the draw-bar. This coupling means is actuated by depressing the 20 required tabulated lever l5’, H5” or IB’”. Referring to Figs. 3 to 7 inclusive, each cell gate has secured at its top a rectangular plate 35 having studs 36 upon which ?anged rollers 31 are mounted. The rollers 31 are adapted to panying description that with slight mechanical 15 modi?cations the arrangement of the cells and the location of the control box may be varied in many ways. Referring to Figs. 11 and 12 the control box F has a series of tabulated levers i6’, I6” and IS’” pivoted at l?al and mechancially connected with a series of pull rods H’, it” and W”. These particuar levers control mechanism of the gates of cells i, 2 and 3, respectively, as will later be described. A lever l8 pivoted at 18a and con nected with pull rod is controls mechanism of the corridor gate 4a. Lever 25 is pivoted at 2541 and through action of the link 2! operates a ride on a track member 38 which is secured to 25 the structural wall portion 30. Rigidly mounted latch or tongue 22 which is the locking means on the plate 35 is a member 40, having a nose portion 40a, a shoulder 4th and a forward pro for the vestibule gate 5. A lever 23 pivoted at 23a has another pivoted connection 231)‘ to which jecting angular portion 45o, as best seen in Fig. a plate 24 is connected. Plate 24 is slidably mounted on the sloping dividing wall 24b in the is pivoted at Ma and has a rearward extending lug 41b. box F, and has openings 24a which surround the aforementioned levers. Depression of the lever 23 causes the upper edges of the openings Elia, to contact and move levers i5, i8 and 25 thereby operating or releasing the desired mechanism of all the gates in one operation. It is thus seen that control of the gates may be performed selec— 40 tively or collectively as desired. The control box F may be provided with a hinged cover i I having locking means ila. As seen in Fig. 14 angle pieces I lb may be mounted on the cover so as to prevent any movement of the various levers when 45 the cover is closed. Motive power for opening the gates is provided by manual operation ‘of the hand lever 25 as will be described later. The gate 6 is an excep tion to this, however. As shown it is of the 50 hinged type and is provided with a handle for operation in the usual manner. We wish to be understood that the number of gates shown in the drawings is not a limitation of our present invention, nor is the manual operation thereof an essential requirement, for in some cases as where a large number of gates are to be operated it may be desirable to provide electrical or other motive means. The hand lever 25 is pivoted at 25a in a pair (SO of arms 25 and ‘25a which in turn are pivoted at 2th and have upwardly extending portions 26c in which a link 2? is pivoted on the pin Zia. Hand lever 25 has a toothed portion 25b which meshes with a gear segment 28 rigidly secured in the box F. As seen in Fig. 12 the hand lever 25 is shown in its extreme upward position. Movement of this lever to its downward position as seen in Fig. 13 will cause counter-clockwise movement of the arms 25 and 25a thus pulling link 2?‘ to the left. Conversely the movement of lever 25 from its lower to upper position will cause link 21 to be carried to the right. Referring to Fig. 2 the link 2‘! has mounted at its outer end a traveling pinion 29 meshing with '7. Carried on the member 45 an arm or dog 4| 30 Mounted on the draw-bar above each gate is a pair of latches 43 and 44. These latches are pivotaliy mounted on studs 43a and 44a, respec tively, and are limited in their movement there 35 on by pins 531) and 441) which are ?xed in the draw-bar and extend through the slots 43c‘ and 440. The latches have inclined surfaces 43d and 44d. Faces 43c and Me of the latches are 40 adapted to engage the portion Mb of the dog 4| when said dog is turned upwardly about its pivoted mounting Ma. Thus the dog 4| and latches 43 and 44 constitute a coupling means by which the movement of the draw-bar is trans mitted to the gates. The latch 43 serves to carry the gate to the right or open position, as seen in Fig. 5. Latch 44 operates to return the gate to its closed position. Referring to Figs. 5 and 6 we have secured to 50 the structural wall portion 30, a bracket 50 having a triangular shaped portion 5% supported in inter-spaced relation to the wall 30 by webs 55a. Pivoted at 5! is a member 52 having a lever arm 52a to which is attached the pull rod l'l’ previously mentioned. Member 52 also has an extending cam portion 52b with inclined faces 52c and 52d. A slot 52s in member 52 has slidably mounted therein a stud 53. This stud extends through a slot 550 in the bracket 50 and 60 is rigidly secured at its inner end to a member 54 which member has a rectangular opening 54a adapted to receive the nose 40a of member 40. For the purpose of this speci?cation the member 54 may be termed a keeper. When the gate is 65 carried toward its closed position as seen in Fig. 3, the nose 40a. contacts the upper edge of open ing 54a lifting the member 54 upward. During this action stud 53 is free~to rise in slots 52c and 55p. When the gate reaches its closed position 70 member 54 drops behind the shoulder 40b as seen in Fig. 4, thus locking the gate in closed posi tion. Member 54 has a lug 54b to which is ?xed alift rod 55. This lift rod'serves to operate an auxiliary locking device for the gates. 75 2,129,171 3 The auxiliary locking device, just referred to; shoulder 60a so that movement of the gate is not is shown in Figs. 15, 16 and 17. Here the lift restricted by the said keepers. The jumper rod 55 extends downward inside the metal door member 66 being pivotally connected to keeper jamb or casing 30a and is connected at 55a to 54 lifts dog 4| into position between latches 43 a rectangular bar 56 slidably mounted on studs and 44. As seen in Fig. 3 the draw-bar 32 is 56a and having at its lower end a projecting in its extreme left hand position and if moved hardened steel tongue or keeper 51. Secured to to the right by operation of hand lever 25 as be the casing 30a the bracket 58 has hinged at 58a, fore described the latch 43 will engage dog 4| a flapper 581) having a hardened steel face plate thus pushing the gate toward its open position. 10 59. When the gate is in open position the plate As the gate is moved to the right the projec 10 59 is held as shown in Fig. 15 by the tongue 51, tion 400 contacts inclined surface 520 of member thus serving to close the aperture 30b and pre 52 causing the said member 52 together with the vent malicious tampering with the mechanism. keepers, jumpers and tabulated lever l6’ to The gate has a nose 6|] with shoulder 60a. When return to their normal positions. While the gate 15 the gate is moved to closed position the member is traveling between its open and closed posi 15 54 is lifted upward as previously described and tions the dog is prevented fromfalling out of carries with it lift rod 55, bar 56 and tongue 51. engagement with the latches by its rearward pro This releases the plate 59 and allows nose 60 to jection 4|b which slides upon the web 650 of an enter the aperture moving plate 59 backward gle bar 65. As the gate approaches its open posi 20 about pivot 58a. As member 54 drops behind tion as seen in Figs. 5 and '7 the dog (passing the 20 shoulder 4% the tongue 51 will drop behind end of angle bar 65) drops from engagement with shoulder 60a of nose 60. ‘The various parts will the latches and rests on the bearing portion 61b then be in position as best seen in Figs. 4 and 16. of jumper member 61. The gate is thus moved to Referring again to Figs. 5, 6 and 7 an angle bar open position and is uncoupled from the draw 25 65 is secured to the wall 30 and has studs 65a and bar so that the operator may open and close any -' 65b upon which are fulcrumed jumpers or lever of the other gates as desired, while the said ?rst members 66 and 61. Member 6‘! has ?xed therein gate remains open. Also the gate is locked in a stud 61a which extends through a slot 66a in open position as any attempt to close it by means lever 66. The levers 66 and 51 have at their other than that we have provided will be frus 80 outer ends bearing portions 661) and 61b respec trated by dog 4| striking the end 6511 of the angle * tively. Lever 6B is pivotally connected at 660 bar; to the keeper member 54. Lifting member 54 To move the gate to closed position the opera causes the ends of levers 66 and 61 to rise up tor must again depress tabulated lever |6' which ward and lift thedog 4| into an engageable as before described will actuate jumpers 61 and position between latches 43 and 44. While travel lift the dog into engagement with the latches. ing between the jumpers the dog is held in en On moving the draw-bar to the left, latch 44 will gagement with the latches by the upper web 650 engage the dog and carry the gate to the left. of the angle bar, upon which the dog is adapted As the gate nears its closed position the projec to slide during movement of the gate. tion 490 carried therewith, contacts inclined We have shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 10 a modi?ed surface 52d of member 52 thus again returning 40 40 type of gate which is arranged for movement in the entire mechanism to position as seen in Fig. 3. transverse relation to that of the gates hereto It is not essential that the draw-bar and latches fore described. The essential feature of this be positioned as shown in the drawings when the arrangement is the method of operating a re dog is lifted. Supposing the gate to- be in open position as seen in Fig. 5 and the draw-bar to be 45 quired secondary draw-bar 15. Here the draw bar 15 is slidably mounted upon member 16 and in its extreme left hand position of Fig. 3. If the is arranged to reciprocate thereon. Secured to dog 4| is now lifted by the mechanism described, this draw-bar a rack 11 meshes with gear 18 which gear is in turn mechanically connected 50 with draw-bar 32 by means of the miter gears 19, shaft 80, gear BI and rack 3|a. Movement of draw-bar 32 is therefore transmitted to the sec ondary draw-bar 15, but in transverse relation. For releasing the keepers and lifting dog 4| 55 the member 52 is connected to a bell crank 85 pivoted at 85a on bracket 50, said bell crank 85 being connected by pull rod |9 to the tabulated lever l8 within control box F. Latch members 82 and 83 carried on the draw-bar 15 are adapted to 60 engage dog 4| and carry the gate to open or closed position as previously described in con junction with gates Ia, 2a and 3a. The operation of the gates is as follows: Assuming that the gates are in closed position 65 and it is desired to open gate la, the operator opens control box F and depresses the tabulated lever l6’. As seen in Figs. 3 and 4, this actuates the pull rod l1’ and causes clockwise rotation of member 52 until said member strikes the projec 70 tion 400 which is integrally mounted with the gate. Rotation of member 52 acting through stud 53 lifts the keeper 54 out of locking engage ment with shoulder 40b. The auxiliary keeper 5‘! being mechanically connected with keeper 54 75 by lift rod 55 is also lifted from engagement with it will not rise between the latches 43 and 44 as seen in the drawings. However due to the pivoted arrangement of the latches and their inclined surfaces 43d and 44d they are adapted to ride 50 over the dog and fall into engagement therewith. Referring to Fig. 2 it will be apparent that the appurtenances of gate la as described .are sub stantially duplicated in conjunction with gates 2a and 3a, and are therefore designated by similar indicia on the drawings. The operation of these 55 gates would therefore be accomplished as just described for gate |a, except that the operator must depress the appropriate tabulated lever I6" 60 or | 6"’ as required. Similarly the transverse gate may be actuated by depressing the tabulated lever l8. From the construction of our device it will ap pear that as the operating lever 25 is raised to the 65 position shown in Fig. 12, the draw-bar is pushed toward the right as seen in Figs. 1 and 2, and that when the operating lever 25 is lowered to the position of Figure 13, the draw-bar is pulled toward the left. Thus an upward movement of 70 the handle 25 serves to open any cell door which has been coupled to the draw-bar by means of the tabulated levers, and a downward movement closes any open door which is coupled to the draw-bar. If, for example, the doors la and 3a 75 4 2,129,171 are open and the door 20» isclosed, and the lever 20 is depressed, the effect of an upward movement of the lever 25 will be to open the door 2a, the doors la and 3a remaining open. Now if the lugs for any number of said doors to enter into engagement with said dogs, whereby said doors may be selectively operated from said control box. 2. A cell door operating mechanism comprising lever 20 is again depressed, all the doors will be in combination with a cell door, a draw bar pro vided with dogs, a projecting shoulder on said door, .a keeper adapted to rest behind said shoulder to lock said door in closed position, a lug on said door, and means remote from said door to lift closed upon downward movement of the lever 25. If the operating handle 25 is down, and some of the cell doors are open and others locked, and it is desired to close all open doors without opening any of the closed ones, the handle 25 is raised to its uppermost position without depressing any of the tabulated levers, and then the lever 25} is de pressed. Now upon downward movement of the lever~25, all the open doors will be closed since they have all been coupled to the draw-bar by means of the lever 20. It will thus be seen that we have provided a jail block in which, regardless of the instant posi 20 tion of any of the gates, an attendant may at will move any of the gates singly to alter its position, or may leave all closed gates closed and to unlock said door, and to raise said lug to a position where it may be engaged by said dogs for opening said door upon operation of said draw bar. 3. In a cell having a door and a jamb against 115 which said door abuts when in closed position, a nose on said door, an opening in said jamb into which said nose is adapted to enter when said door is closed, a keeper within said jamb adapted to engage a shoulder on said nose to lock said 120 open, and open all the locked gates, without enter- door, means remote from said door for releasing the said keeper from said shoulder for unlocking the door, and means in connection with said ing the'block. keeper to- seal said opening when said keeper shut all the open ones, or leave all open gates 7 Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: Y »1. In a cell block comprising a plurality of cells and doors therefor all operating in the same plane, 39 said keeper fro-m engagement with said shoulder 10 and other doors operating in planes‘transverse to said ?rst mentioned plane, a draw bar posi tioned for reciprocating movement in‘ a plane parallel to said ?rst mentioned plane adjacent said doors, other draw bars positioned for reciprocating movement in planes parallel to said other planes, connections between said ?rst men tioned draw bar and said other draw bars whereby the reciprocating‘ movement of said ?rst men tioned draw bar ‘is communicated to said other draw bars, a control box positioned at a point re moved from said doors and provided with means for reciprocating said first mentioned draw bar, lugs on' said doors, dogs on said draw bars posi tioned to be engageable by said lugs, and means 45 in said control box for selectively causing said is released from said shoulder and said nose is withdrawn from said opening. 4. In a cell having a door and a jamb against which said door abuts when in closed position, a draw bar provided with dogs, a projecting shoulder on said door, a keeper adapted to rest behind said shoulder to lock said door in closed position, a nose on said door and an opening in said jamb into which said nose is adapted to enter when said door is in closed position, an auxiliary keeper within said jamb adapted to engage a shoulder 35 on said nose to provide an auxiliary lock for said door, a lug on said door, and means remote from said door to lift said keeper and auxiliary keeper from engagement with their respective shoulders for unlocking said door, and to raise said lug to a position where it may be engaged by said dogs for opening said door upon operation of said draw bar. DANIEL FRIES, SR. DANIEL G. FRIES, JR.